University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona May 9–11, 2008 Arizona Linguistics and Anthropology Symposium Arizona Linguistics and Anthropology Symposium 9 May 2008 (Day 1) 9 May 2008 (Day 1), Continued Times are in 20-minute blocks; each talk is 15 minutes + 5 minutes for questions. Times are in 20-minute blocks; each talk is 15 minutes + 5 minutes for questions. Session 1 Session 2 Session 1 Session 2 Begins Ends Student Union, Kiva Room Begins Ends Student Union, Copper Room Begins Ends Student Union, Kiva Room, Welcome 8:00 8:15 Stefanie Jannedy and Micaela Mertins, The phonetics of Phil Cash Cash, The ecology of 1:00 1:20 1:00 1:20 Student Union, Kiva Room, Plenary 1, Rusty Barrett Kiezdeutsch: the speech of Turkish Nez Perce naming Is it any way might you could tell me how come am I not a English speaker?: Subject- 8:20 9:15 adolescents in an urban context auxiliary inversion and introspective methodologies in linguistics and anthropology Robert Lawson, Realisations of CAT Rebecca Greene, Language and BIT in three Glaswegian 1:25 1:45 1:25 1:45 Student Union, Kiva Room Begins Ends Student Union, Copper Room Begins Ends attitudes in Hirosaki, Japan communities of practice Brendan O’Connor and Gilbert Mariche G. Bayonas and Emilia Anna Boario, Communities of Terra Edwards, The arbitrariness of Brown, Not for your average Alonso Marks, Examining the effects practice and the meaning of resemblance—iconicity and referent 9:20 9:40 brain: metaphor as social 9:20 9:40 of counterurbanization: 1:50 2:10 variable use of word-initial 1:50 2:10 projections in ASL practice in an underground sociolinguistic adaptations of existing gemination in Italian hiphop community local communities adolescents Claire Ramsey, Language ideology Jody Talkington, The making of Break 2 2:15 2:30 and implications for language speech styles and authority documentation: origin and extinction 9:45 10:05 9:45 10:05 Christina Leza, Grassroots personae in an urban Lauren Hall-Lew, Dialect variation in narratives of elderly deaf signers in 2:30 2:50 indigenous discourse on “the 2:30 2:50 classroom San Francisco English Mexico City border,” land, and self Irene Theodoropoulou, Dana Osborne, Identifying the pitch Hilary Parsons Dick, Cumulative Discussion 10:10 10:30 Stylization as a mechanism for 10:10 10:30 and duration ranges for enregistered complaint: communicative 2:55 3:15 2:55 3:15 denaturalizing identity utterances: Mexicano and White practices as influencing Mexico- voice US migration Break 1 10:35 10:50 Carla Breidenbach, Kaoru Amino, How they change Deconstructing mock Spanish: Rebecca Greene, Pitch accent use in topics: empirical study of 3:20 3:40 an anthropological analysis of 3:20 3:40 Don Anderson, Cab-hailing and the Appalachian English 10:50 11:10 “supportive” and “negative” 10:50 11:10 mock Spanish as racism, micropolitics of gesture speaking styles in mixed gender humor, or insult conversation Break 3 3:45 4:00 Mie Hiramoto et al., “Oh god, Simeon Floyd, Solar iconicity, men are such babies!”: Student Union, Kiva Room, Plenary 2, Chris Potts conventionalized gesture and 11:15 11:35 gendered expressions in 11:15 11:35 4:00 4:55 The coin of the expressive realm multimodal meaning in Nheengatú Japanese anime and American Second Annual University of Arizona Ethnographic Film Festival English dubs 5:30 7:00 Haury Building, Room 216 (light refreshments will be served) Bryan Meadows and Linda Waugh, Viviana Quintero, “She speaks Constructing objectivity/subjectivity in like a landowner”: on-line texts: unpacking the 11:40 12:00 metapragmatics, language 11:40 12:00 contributions of verbal/visual ideologies, and gender in modalities to textual interpretation northern highland Ecuador Lunch 12:00 1:00 Conference information is available at: http://linguistics.arizona.edu/azanli or via email at Conference information is available at: http://linguistics.arizona.edu/azanli or via email at AZANLI2008@gmail.com. AZANLI2008@gmail.com. Arizona Linguistics and Anthropology Symposium Arizona Linguistics and Anthropology Symposium 10 May 2008 (Day 2) 10 May 2008 (Day 2), Continued Times are in 20-minute blocks; each talk is 15 minutes + 5 minutes for questions. Times are in 20-minute blocks; each talk is 15 minutes + 5 minutes for questions. Session 1 Session 2 Session 1 Session 2 Begins Ends Harvill Building, Room 305 Begins Ends Harvill Building, Room 415 Begins Ends Harvill Building, Room 305, Plenary 1, Claire Bowern E. Summerson Carr, Confessional A. Ashley Stinnett, Kirtan: Modeling in historical linguistics: trisecting computational methods, speech communities, 8:30 9:25 semiotics: the practice of reference in 1:10 1:30 1:10 1:30 chanting as materiality and language change the performance of truth Robin Shoaps, A tropical retreat from Eric Hoenes del Pinal, Singing Harvill Building, Room 305 Begins Ends Harvill Building, Room 415 Begins Ends the stress of Jihad: Rush Limbaugh, the Word: language and 1:35 1:55 1:35 1:55 Madeleine Adkins, Staging Irish: the trope-ical attire and Guantánamo interaction in the hymns of Ke Zou, Diachronic verb Bay Q’eqchi’-Maya Catholics uses of an Irish English variety in and 9:30 9:50 9:30 9:50 movements in Chinese James S. Bielo, What kind of out of performance Mizuki Miyashita, Blackfoot Alina Pajtek, ‘I cook, therefore I am’: Brook Hefright, Strategic reformation? Semiotic ideologies 2:00 2:20 2:00 2:20 lullabies a cross-cultural analysis of television bivalency and indexical order among “emerging” evangelicals 9:55 10:15 9:55 10:15 cooking shows in Romania and the among the Bái of Southwest Break 2 2:25 2:40 U.S. China Lal Zimman, “She’s just a high- Joon-Beom, Variable patterns Heidi Harley, Roots, concepts, Marcelle Mentor, Listening to the maintenance bitch”: interpersonal of grammatical and ‘pseudo’ tag 10:20 10:40 and the canonical use 10:20 10:40 languages of South Africa: students’ 2:45 3:05 2:45 3:05 drama and discourse continuity in questions used by student constraint rights to their own language reality TV attorneys in a mock trial Heidi Orcutt-Gachiri, Implications of Break 1 10:45 11:00 the Kenyan political situation on John Curran, Ideological Adam Baker, Diana Archangeli, indigenous language endangerment: diversity in spoken law: George Figgs, “We rep the CO, we 3:10 3:30 3:10 3:30 and Jeff Mielke, English s- how you can tell Gwen Thompkins of Massachusetts judges’ jury get mile high love”: the authentication 11:00 11:20 11:00 11:20 NPR was not interviewing young instructions retraction data suggest a of a local hip-hop scene Kenyans in 2007 solution to the actuation problem Renae O’Hanlon, Sociolinguistic Yosuke Sato, A choice function Blake Stephen Howald, identities in Australian youth 11:25 11:45 approach to English Jeopardy 11:25 11:45 Variation of spatial reference in subcultures: the case of hip hop game questions Rudi Gaudio, Talk of the Nation: the institutionalized narrative of Samira Hassa, Westernity, pidgin English in Nigeria’s new 3:35 3:55 a serial offender: linguistic 3:35 3:55 authenticity, diversity and Greg Thompson, Face, line and capital evidence for cognitive mapping 11:50 12:10 11:50 12:10 as a reflection of environmental nationalism: an analysis of selected subjectivity in language Moroccan rap lyrics offense behavior Lunch 12:10 1:10 Break 3 4:00 4:15 Harvill Building, Room 305, Plenary 2, Jane Hill 4:15 5:10 Anthropological models and historical linguistics: the story of Uto-Aztecan Conference Party 6:00 10:30 Conference information is available at: http://linguistics.arizona.edu/azanli or via email at Conference information is available at: http://linguistics.arizona.edu/azanli or via email at AZANLI2008@gmail.com. AZANLI2008@gmail.com. Arizona Linguistics and Anthropology Symposium 11 May 2008 (Day 3) Times are in 20-minute blocks; each talk is 15 minutes + 5 minutes for questions. Session 1 Session 2 Begins Ends Harvill Building, Room 305, Plenary 1, Susan Philips 9:00 9:55 How Tongans make sense of variation in the use of lexical honorifics Harvill Building, Room 305 Begins Ends Harvill Building, Room 415 Begins Ends Jess P. Weinberg, The global Lars Hinrichs, Reflexivity in circulation of feminist peace 10:00 10:20 10:00 10:20 multimedia ethnography discourse Maisa Taha, The chemistry of Mie Hiramoto et al., Hyper-gendered style: mock accent and language in translation: language 10:25 10:45 privileged subjecthood in the 10:25 10:45 ideology seen in Gone with the Wind discourse of young Muslim- American women Break 10:50 11:05 Jenny Davis, Now introducing “Grass Barbra Meek, Language in her hair”: delineating native, gay, 11:05 11:25 revitalization and the challenge 11:05 11:25 and two-spirit identity in drag of disjunctures Char Ullman, Inglés sin barreras…el Andy Wedel and Heather Van programa que se hace parte de la Volkinburg, Modeling conversación en este pais [English simultaneous convergence and without barriers…the program that 11:30 11:50 11:30 11:50 divergence of linguistic features makes you part of the conversation between differently identifying in this country]: commodification, groups in contact language learning, and the nation Harvill Building, Room 305, Plenary 2, Keith Walters 11:55 12:50 Linguistics, anthropology, the media, and Arabic diglossia Conference information is available at: http://linguistics.arizona.edu/azanli or via email at AZANLI2008@gmail.com. Modeling in Historical Linguistics: Trisecting Computational Methods, Plenary Speakers Speech Communities, and Language Change Claire Bowern Is it any way might you could tell me how come am I not a English speaker?: Rice University Subject-auxiliary inversion and introspective methodologies in linguistics email@example.com and anthropology Rusty Barrett Ever since serious work began on Australia’s Indigenous languages, there have been University of Kentucky arguments about their ‘exceptional’ status. This exceptionality has come into focus no more firstname.lastname@example.org clearly than in historical linguistics and prehistory. Some have claimed that the very notion of a language family’ is untestable in Australia, due to millennia of diffusion of features between This paper examines reflexivity in anthropology and native-speaker grammaticality language groups (e.g., Dixon 2002). Other arguments highlight Australia’s long isolation judgments in linguistics. Although both are introspective methodologies, their use is typically from the rest of the world, implying that there is no reason to expect methods elsewhere to be restricted to their ‘home’ disciplines. Patterns of subject-auxiliary inversion in embedded applicable here (Clendon 2006). Conversely, O’Grady and Hale (2004), Alpher (2004) and questions in my native dialect of (Ozark) English are used to explore the potential value in others deny that methods used elsewhere are inapplicable in Pama-Nyungan, arguing instead crossing this disciplinary divide in methodology. A reflexive account of the problems raised that gaps in scholarship and data are responsible for the picture of exceptionality. by this construction in my own education as a linguist is used to examine the ways in which The arguments for the intractability of Pama-Nyungan rest of testable claims. Here I intuition-based accounts of syntax marginalize speakers of non-standard varieties (cf. Walters outline recent advances in the use of computational biological methods in linguistics and how 1995) and restrict the range of data involved in the development of syntactic theory. they can help in elucidating the definition of problems in Australian language classification. I Intuitions about the grammaticality of sentences with embedded inversion are used to explore argue that such methods are only useful for historical linguists if we understand the basis for the cultural meanings associated with inversion. The analysis suggests that this form of their use and their strengths and weaknesses; wholesale adoption or rejection are both inversion is an epistemic marker that allows speakers to position themselves with respect to premature. After all, although language change is not gene change, the two types of data do local (Ozark) norms for maintaining secrecy and sharing knowledge. share commonalities. Secondly, I discuss possible links between the modeling of linguistic changes and what they can tell us about speaker population interactions. Like Hale (2007), I The coin of the expressive realm reject “combination” models of language change and speech communities (such as Ross Chris Potts 1997); however solely linguistic models of change can nonetheless be used to infer properties University of Massachusetts of the communities who spoke those languages. I use data from the Karnic subgroup of email@example.com Pama-Nyungan to illustrate these claims. Natural languages are rich in *expressives*: honorifics, swears, polite terms, and other Anthropological Models and Historical Linguistics: The Story of Uto-Aztecan morphemes and constructions that convey complex perspectival information and seem best Jane H. Hill characterized, not in terms of what they mean, but rather in terms of how they act upon us. Regents’ Professor This talk surveys the diversity of the expressive realm, both across languages and in the range University of Arizona of uses to which specific expressives can be put. I call upon evidence from psycholinguistics, firstname.lastname@example.org corpus studies, and theoretical morphosemantics to support an abstract characterization of expressive content, and I work to flesh out Kaplan’s (1999) observation that “people desire to The incorporation of anthropological thought into historical linguistics has not always yielded be *paid* respect, and honorifics can be the coin of that payment.”1 positive results. Theories about hunter-gatherer adaptations prominent in the 1950s and 60s led to the view that lexicostatistics reflected the processes that shaped Uto-Aztecan diversity 1 Kaplan, David. 1999. What is meaning? Explorations in the theory of Meaning as Use. Brief version, draft 1, Ms, UCLA. better than the Comparative Method. Thus progress on historical reconstruction and (For a video recording of Kaplan delivering a newer version: http://www.uctv.tv/search-details.asp?showID=8593). 1 2 subgrouping has not advanced as significantly as might be expected, given the resources we enjoy on these languages. The paper undertakes a rigorous application of the comparative Presenters method, and subgrouping using strict criteria of shared innovation, with a preliminary finding that our understanding of Uto-Aztecan subgrouping needs to be substantially revised, with important implications for the prehistory of Uto-Aztecan communities. Friday, May 9 Session 1 How Tongans Make Sense of Variation in the Use of Lexical Honorifics Student Union, Kiva Room Susan U. Philips Professor Emerita of Anthropology The arbitrariness of resemblance—iconicity and referent projections in ALS University of Arizona Terra Edwards email@example.com University of California–Berkeley firstname.lastname@example.org The purpose of this paper is to describe how Tongans explain one particular aspect of variation in the use of Tongan lexical honorifics: non-use of honorifics where it is held that While iconicity is a concept found throughout the sign language literature, what it means for use should occur. The contrast between use and non-use of honorifics is the kind of individual a form to be iconic is often taken as relatively self-evident. Form-meaning relations are not variation that most commonly evokes ethnometapragmatic commentary and explanation from only taken to be self-evident, but also natural in that aspects of a given world external to Tongans, other aspects of variation being apparently less available to conscious awareness. I language are thought to be reproduced in rigid, uncomplicated ways. Based on narrative will describe how Tongan accounts of non-use activate local theories of Tongan individual analysis, I argue that an iconic feature of ASL known as referent projection constitutes not a and social positioning. In other words, Tongans draw on Tongan concepts of both individual rigid, concrete tool, but a fluid semiotic resource that allows signers to stretch resemblance to and socially systematic past experiences of those who in one way or another are said to fail to abstraction, naturalizing particular visions of the social order. use honorifics in situations where they are seen to be called for. Such explanations are in turn also socially positioned. These often somewhat ad hoc interpretive practices are more Language ideology and implications for language documentation: origin and extinction consistent with Schutzian and ethnomethodological phenomenological understandings of narratives of elderly deaf signers in Mexico City sense making (particularly with Schutz’s concept of “the biographically determined situation”) Claire Ramsey than with more typical semiotic accounts of the meanings of honorification, although the two University of California–San Diego perspectives are arguably compatible. email@example.com Linguistics, anthropology, the media, and Arabic diglossia This paper examines Lengua de Señas Mexicana’s origin/extinction legend, narrated by Keith Walters elderly Deaf signers in Mexico City whose interpretations of their history reveal a complex Portland State University ideology. It expresses group cohesiveness, accounts for relations with the world outside the firstname.lastname@example.org group, sets standards of linguistic beauty, and describes LSM as a tool for learning and thinking. Data were generated by on-going sociolinguistic and language documentation I begin this talk with comments about Dell Hymes’ (1972) “The Scope of Sociolinguistics,” fieldwork in Mexico City and the surrounding area. The overarching question of this research using it as a framework for thinking about the relationship between the study of language in asks about sociolinguistic and linguistic consequences of disrupted transmission and context in anthropology and linguistics. I then focus on the ways in which perspectives from undependable avenues of continuity for a sign language. linguistics and anthropology might help us understand how the media continue to reshape the nature of Arabic diglossia, particularly in terms of language attitudes and language ideologies. 3 4 Cab-hailing and the Micropolitics of Gesture report on an identical topic, the American celebrity Anna Nicole Smith. Analysis identifies Donald N. Anderson the cooperative work of verbal and visual elements to index either a generally objective or University of Arizona subjective stance, thus resembling the multimodal character of face-to-face interaction. email@example.com The phonetics of Kiezdeutsch: Cabdrivers on a listserv in San Francisco, California were asked to evaluate the gestures used The speech of Turkish adolescents in an urban context in hailing taxis. Respondents expressed strong preferences for certain gestures over others, Stefanie Jannedy and Micaela Mertins identifying clarity and propriety as key elements by which they evaluated gestures used in Center for Linguistics (ZAS), Berlin cabhailing, and by extension, those who used them. The discussion emphasizes the drivers’ firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com concern with the issues of intelligibility and respect which are important not only to the interpretation of gestures, but to safe interaction between drivers and passengers; as well as Kiezdeutsch (roughly translated as "Hood German") is an ethnolect spoken in many urban the importance of gestural communication in a fast-paced and highly mobile urban context. communities with predominantly Turkish linguistic and ethnic background in Germany. It displays various grammatical characteristics uncommon for standard German. Most work has Solar iconicity, conventionalized gesture and multimodal meaning in Nheengatú focused on exploring morpho-syntactic alternations (Wiese, 2006; Auer, 2003; Auer & Dirim, Simeon Floyd 2003) while phonetic and phonological variation was observed but not investigated. We University of Texas–Austin collected data from 2 young girls from Berlin (Wedding) speaking this migrant youth style firstname.lastname@example.org and investigated a selection of sound realizations: we discuss the girls’ use of sub-segmental phonetic resources to mark this urban variety of German and to comply with the generic This paper describes a highly conventionalized set of gestures used by speakers of the Kiezdeutsch style spoken in Germany. Brazilian indigenous language Nheengatú (Tupi-Guaraní) to add temporal and aspectual information to the accompanying spoken language. Using a system of ‘solar iconicity’, this Realization of CAT and BIT in three Glaswegian communities of practice emblematic or ‘language-like’ gestural practice employs a model of the sun’s arc to convey Robert Lawson time of day and durations of actions and events. Cases like that of Nheengatú, a tenseless University of Glasgow language that uses abverbial strategies for conveying temporal information, illustrate why it Robert_Lawson1@mac.com is important to view speech and gesture as part of the same processes where deictic reference, spatial iconicity and multimodality combine to produce grammatical meaning. This study utilises the Community of Practice (CofP) framework in an ethnographic study of a Glasgow high school (Banister Academy), with the aim of understanding how two vocalic Constructing objectivity/subjectivity in on-line texts: unpacking the variables (CAT and BIT) differentiate membership of three CofPs: the Sports CofP, the contributions of verbal/visual modalities to textual interpretation Alternative CofP, and the Ned CofP. In data collected from workingclass male adolescents Bryan Meadows and Linda Waugh approximately 700 tokens of each variable were extracted and analysed acoustically using University of Arizona PRAAT. The results suggest that fine-grained linguistic variation plays an integral role in the email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org negotiation and production of social differences within Banister Academy. Internet websites present new contexts for the study of the multimodality of discourse due to blending of verbal and visual elements. We explore the way in which these modalities work together to index common understandings of objectivity and subjectivity. For analysis, we selected on-line newspaper articles (e.g., thenytimes.com) and on-line blogs (e.g., thesuperficial.com)--considered to be relatively objective and subjective, respectively—that 5 6 Examining the effects of counterurbanization: contour and time-to-f0 extremum of enregistered voices have multiple foundations that are Sociolinguistic adaptations of existing local communities productively examined from a marriage of linguistic and linguistic anthropological Mariche García Bayonas, University of North Carolina, email@example.com perspectives. Emilia Alonso Marks, Ohio University, firstname.lastname@example.org Pitch Accent Use in Appalachian English There is abundant research on the new emergent social rural landscapes and how they are Rebecca Greene affecting newcomers’ sense of belonging and their identities. However, the impacts that these Stanford University new social landscapes have on existing local communities, on their established cultural email@example.com identities, has never been explored. This study examines the patterns of social interactions through which cultural identity manifests itself, and how people construct their sense of Until recently, researchers have given little attention to variation in prosody. This study, belonging through language. The discursive context plays a significant role in determining focusing on conversational speech, uses ToBI to capture differences between three varieties the kinds of linguistic elements that help construct cultural identities. of American English, Appalachian English (AE), Southern American English (SAE), and Mainstream American English (MAE). There is currently little work on AE or its relationship Dialect Variation in San Francisco English with SAE. In AE, speakers use more L+H* and L* pitch accents in standard declarative Lauren Hall-Lew utterances where MAE and SAE speakers typically use H*. Overall, this research explores a Stanford University new type of meta-variable, specifically, greater or lesser regimentation of pitch accent choice firstname.lastname@example.org across different varieties. This paper presents a preliminary analysis of English dialect data from San Francisco, Friday, May 9 California, examining in particular the participation of Whites and Chinese Americans in Session 2 local regional sound change. The broader research project aims to fill a major gap in U.S. Student Union, Copper Room dialect literature on the Western states (Labov, Ash, & Boberg 2006) with analyses of the vowel systems of both ethnic groups. Vowel data from a relatively small subset of speakers Not for your average brain: are presented in this talk in the context of a particular neighborhood and its history. Shared The social meaning of metaphor in an underground hiphop community features between speakers suggest an analysis that merges notions of dialect and ethnolect. Brendan O’Connor and Gilbert Brown University of Arizona Identifying the pitch and duration ranges of enregistered utterances: email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org Mexicano and White voice Dana M. Osborne We draw on interview data with an MC (hiphop performer) and founder of a Native University of Arizona underground “crew” from Farmington, NM, to show that his use of metaphor has a email@example.com gatekeeping function: it works to create and reinforce group boundaries, and determine the conditions for group membership, in this hiphop community of practice (Eckert & This study aims to empirically address how enregistered voices (social personae) are realized McConnell-Ginet, 1992). Our participant articulates metalinguistic ideologies about the use through the modulation of pitch contour and time-to-f0 extremum through key changes in the of metaphor in hiphop which, he claims, contrast with ideologies of older people in his fundamental frequency of the utterance. Using linguistic and linguistic anthropological theory, Navajo community of origin. We discuss how enregisterment of linguistic features (Agha, I correlate characteristics of pitch contour with the performance of enregistered social 2007) can lead to stereotypic evaluations of young people’s behavior. personae in the utterances of a fifty-something Chicana from East Los Angeles as she invokes White-Chicana-Mexicano voices in natural discourse. I conclude that the modulation of pitch 7 8 The Making of Speech Styles and Authority Personae in an Urban Classroom change topics, by collaborating ways, such as give sympathetic backchannels and long Jody Talkington summary or paraphrasing, whereas men show fewer Feedbacks before they shift to next flow, San Francisco State University and even in the case they give Feedback, the minimal response and minimal response are firstname.lastname@example.org taken compared to female’s strategy. This study explores the stylistic variation of three women from different cultural backgrounds “Oh god, men are such babies!”: Gendered Expressions in Japanese Anime and in positions of authority in an urban high school. First, I examine the composite sets of American English Dubs linguistic features that make up each participant’s style. Next, I identify locally defined social Mie Hiramoto, University of Hawai’i at Mānoa, email@example.com meanings of these styles produced and reflected in interaction. Finally, I make connections Mark Lee, Matt Schmidgall, and Steve Zhou, University of Arizona between the linguistic choices and the creation of an authority persona. I argue that each firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org speaker does not “naturally” have a different style, but rather they have different language ideologies, shaped by differing socialization practices, that enable different stylistic This research studies how the cultural norms of hegemonic masculinity are constructed by the possibilities for each of them. characters in the popular anime, Cowboy Bebop. We observe what kind of gendered expressions are frequently employed to project language ideology both in Japanese and its Stylization as a mechanism for denaturalizing identity American English dubs. Additionally, unlike Kiesling’s (2005) findings based on his Irene Theodoropoulou fieldwork data, the scripted anime dialogues display the male solidarity and heterosexuality King’s College, London through both straightforward and “indirect” manners in Japanese and English. Interestingly, email@example.com the straightforward solidarity is constructed more strongly between the male characters, whereas the female characters remain more independent of one another. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the interdisciplinary literature on bridging Linguistics and Anthropology, by explaining the process of identity denaturalization (Bucholtz & Hall “She Speaks Like a Landowner!”: Metapragmatics, Language Ideologies, 2004: 386), a linguistic anthropological process (ibid. 368), through the employment of two and Gender in Northern Highland Ecuador relevant to each other linguistic processes, voicing (Coupland 2007a: 114) and stylization Viviana Quintero (Bakhtin 1981, 1986). On the basis of analyzing conversational data from working and University of Michigan middle class Athenians, it will be argued that their stylizations of each other create a gap firstname.lastname@example.org between ‘real’ and performed social practice, where social meaning can emerge and new styles and identities can be constructed. I analyze how three indigenous sisters describe “zigzag speech,” a culturally salient style of speaking indirectly and politely, which is widely recognized among Kichwa-Spanish “How they change topics?”: Empirical study of speaking style, “supportive” and indigenous peoples in northern highland Ecuador. The sisters claim that zigzag speech is best “negative” in gender mixed conversation in Japanese deployed through Kichwa, not Spanish. They also assert that indigenous women as opposed Kaoru Amino to indigenous men, and indigenous people as opposed to non-indigenous people, are the Kyushu University natural performers of this speech style. They frame and rationalize these claims by lassoing email@example.com certain linguistic forms that index zigzag speech – honorifics, diminutives, and enregistered voice distinctions (low/high; soft/loud; slow/fast) – with local cultural ideologies of The differences of speaking style in both gender-mixed conversation has been examined in bilingualism, gender, suffering, humiliation, and rebellion. the perspective of “supportive” and “negative” characteristic. This research tries to prove whether this theory is also applicable in Japanese by observing the way they change topics. Consequently, data from 2 couples shows that women frequently show Feedbacks before they 9 10 The Ecology of Nez Perce Naming native (NS) and non-native (NNS) speakers in urban Turin. I have quantified the presence of Phillip Cash Cash word initial gemination, then evaluated data collected to understand why this feature was University of Arizona chosen only by some NNS adolescents and not by others. What I have noticed is that some firstname.lastname@example.org NNS use word-initial gemination to imitate NS and create a personal style to define an Italian-like identity. In this paper, I examine the linguistic practices of Nez Perce naming as a means of understanding the impacts of language endangerment on identity formation. I draw insights Grassroots Indigenous Discourse on “the Border,” Land, and Self from ethnographic and census data to show how meanings are constructed in traditional Christina Leza naming practices. While it was found that language endangerment has constrained available University of Arizona naming options, modernity of experience has had a greater impact on Nez Perce naming due email@example.com to changes in traditional culture. Despite these discontinuities, Nez Perce naming is an identity-relevant practice which seeks to preserve traditional notions of personhood and, by Merging cognitive linguistic, dialogic ethnography, and ideological discourse theory, this extension, the language(s) and ecology that shape it. paper analyzes identity construction among Native Americans with indigenous cultural relatives in Mexico. It identifies key imagery and themes in indigenous activist discourses on Language Attitudes in Hirosaki, Japan land and identity on the U.S.-Mexico border, discourses that struggle against mainstream Rebecca Greene political perspectives though influenced by a broader national discourse. Whether Stanford University conceptualized as an “imaginary line,” a “cut” across a physical body, an imperial “weapon,” firstname.lastname@example.org or a fine line delineating a First World self from a Third World “Other,” the U.S.-Mexico border plays a critical role in the complex construction of identity for Native Americans on This study, conducted in Hirosaki, Japan, builds a multidimensional methodology for directly the Southern border. eliciting language attitudes about the local stigmatized dialect and Standard Japanese. Young people claim a prouder and more affectionate attitude toward dialect than do old people. In Cumulative Complaint: Communicative Practices as Influencing Mexico-US Migration particular, those raised before versus after World War II show the greatest divide in judgment, Hillary Parsons Dick suggesting that post-War changes affected language attitudes and ideologies as strongly as it University of Chicago did other facets of Japanese life, such as education and government. However, the newfound email@example.com tolerance for dialect arises only as modernity has erased a great deal of regional variation, facilitating communication throughout Japan. Combining insights from transnational migration studies and the study of language and identity, this paper explores how communicative practices shape migration processes by Communities of practice and the meaning of variable use of examining a genre of discourse I call ‘cumulative complaint’. Frequently found in the Word-initial gemination in Italian adolescents discourse of Mexican migrants, ‘cumulative complaint’ is used by speakers to poetically Anna Boario construe migration as the inevitable outcome of a set of hierarchically-organized normative University of Pavia burdens. The paper focuses on two questions. First, how do instances of ‘cumulative firstname.lastname@example.org complaint’ interdiscursively link migrants in Mexico and the US while differentially positioning them within broader social fields? Second, how does such interdiscursive Why do non-native adolescents living in Turin (Piedmont region, northern Italy) and positioning affect speakers’ relationships to migration practices? speaking Italian as their lingua franca use word-initial gemination (a phonological sandhi process whose presence has never been attested in Piedmont)? I have collected my data for two years as an observer/participant in many adolescent communities of practice of both 11 12 Deconstructing Mock Spanish: An anthropological analysis of mock Spanish as racism, ‘I cook, therefore I am’: a cross-cultural analysis of television cooking shows in humor, or insult Romania and the U.S. Carla Breidenbach Alina C. Pajtek College of Charleston Pennsylvania State University BreidenbachC@cofc.edu email@example.com The purpose of this paper is to question whether or not Mock Spanish (Hill 1993, 1995, 1998, Drawing on Bourdieu’s (1984) dichotomy: the taste of necessity and taste of luxury, I analyze 2001a, b) is racist in all contexts. This poststructuralist analysis teases apart Mock Spanish as constructs of class and culture through references to: time, ingredients, convenience, and taste a phenomenon that allows a “floating” interpretation, either as racist or simply a form of in TV cooking shows from Romania and the U.S. Although these shows reflect seemingly humor. Though my analysis treats meaning as flexible (Hall 1996, Fenigsen 2005), I also competing sets of values, what they share is an idealization of class, culture, and taste assert that meaning can be “fixed” or “frozen” for a moment (Hall 1996) within the broader preferences variably in concert and in conflict with broad issues of taste as embodied by the structures of society such as ideologies, power, and knowledge, as well as socio-historical larger viewing audiences to which they appeal. context. “She’s just a high-maintenance bitch”: Saturday, May 10 Interpersonal drama and discourse continuity in reality TV Session 1 Lal Zimman Harvill Building, Room 305 University of Colorado at Boulder firstname.lastname@example.org Staging Irish: The uses of an Irish English variety in and out of performance Madeleine Adkins Discourse continuity, or the linking of utterances across time, is a fundamental organizing University of California–Santa Barbara principle of talk-in-interaction. This paper explores how the appearance of discourse email@example.com continuity is created where none exists; specifically, in a reality television show. This program, “Flavor of Love,” is analyzed to show how producers create a cohesive narrative Sociolinguists have analyzed mock and stylized language either as inauthentic, negative from chunks of discontinuous talk. I describe two editing techniques that make this possible: representations of minority communities (e.g. Hill 1998), or as humorous and political juxtaposition of footage that is thematically similar but temporally unrelated, and representations of ethnic identities (Barrett 1999, Chun 2004). While researchers have manipulation of discourse in voice-over monologues. Furthermore, I argue that these documented such use both in everyday life and in the media, its use in theatrical contexts has techniques are key resources for enhancing interpersonal drama between contestants on this been generally overlooked. In this paper, I explore both the history and the linguistic show. realization of “Stage Irish”, and argue that within this theatrical context, this type of theatrical stylization demonstrates that linguistic performance can serve as a badge of professionalism “We rep the CO, we get Mile High love”: and membership in a very particular community. The authentication of a local hip-hop scene George Figgs University of Colorado–Boulder George.Figgs@colorado.edu This paper explores how local rappers (MCs) and producers of an independently produced rap music radio program position the quality and authenticity of the local hip-hop scene of the greater Denver, CO region, or “Front Range”, in perspective within the national and 13 14 commercial hip-hop movement. As these individuals consider the local scene to be Confessional semiotics: the practice of reference in the performance of truth overlooked or somewhat lesser in status to the national hip-hop scene, they cannot necessarily E. Summerson Carr appeal to the same ideologies that are used in larger markets. Rather, they appeal to qualities University of Chicago that are rooted locally, both in terms of the individuals involved in the culture and positive firstname.lastname@example.org aspects of the community. Since its institution as a Sacrament by the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215, confession has Sociolinguistic identities in Australian youth subcultures: The case of hip hop been a highly durable means by which Euro-American personhood has expressed itself. Renae O’Hanlon Examining select post-Vatican II defenses of confession as particularly resonant if historically University of Queensland specific metapragmatic texts, this paper explores the broad question: how do certain types of email@example.com speech acts come to be seen as transparent reflections of the inner states of speakers? I argue that the felicitous confession is the product of specific semiotic process that renders spoken Given a population of youth in Australia which is both culturally diverse and globally aware, sins nothing more nor less than the transparent revelation of inner signs, already constituted young performers in music subcultures are faced with complicated questions surrounding as such. linguistic choices in their performances. These choices are ultimately tied to identity factors. An excellent example can be found in Australian Hip Hop, which is the focus of this paper. A tropical retreat from the stress of Jihad: Hip Hop performers in Australia are shown to engage with issues of identity construction and Rush Limbaugh, trope-ical attire and Guantánamo Bay performance similar to those discussed in the global Hip Hop linguistics literature. Layers of Robin Shoaps local, national and global identities are interspersed with cultural and ethnic identities, all of University of Chicago which are played out through the linguistic behavior of the performers. firstname.lastname@example.org Westernity, Authenticity, Diversity and Nationalism: After the spring 2004 discovery and dissemination of the Abu Ghraib torture photographs, as An Analysis of Selected Moroccan Rap Lyrics journalists and others questioned the legal basis for Guantanamo Bay and the treatment of Samira Hassa prisoners there, popular and controversial conservative talk radio host Rush Limbaugh Manhattan College launched a section on his website dedicated to “Club G’itmo.” This portion of the website email@example.com hawks “G’itmo Gear”—T shirts and baseball caps with messages such as “Your tropical retreat from the stress of Jihad.” There is a photo gallery where Limbaugh fans post In this paper, I analyze the presence of western culture and Moroccan/Arab Moslem culture photographs of themselves wearing G’itmo Gear. In this paper I demonstrate how the in the lyrics of two albums by two popular Moroccan rap groups, Fnaire and H. Kayne. The semiotic value of these products and listener-submitted photos involves the strategic topics evoked in these albums include unemployment, women’s rights, poverty, HIV, war, recontextualization of tropes and visual genres from a variety of sources: from Club Med drugs, prostitution and a love for Morocco and its culture. The lyrics celebrate traditional vacation spots and family vacation photos to orange prison garb—making them a powerful Moroccan culture and values, reinforcing Moroccan identity and weakening the impact of tools for Limbaugh’s listeners to cast themselves as besieged in a “culture war” over western culture. On the other hand, rappers in Morocco are blending western hip-hop American values. rhythms with traditional Moroccan songs, and the clothing style of these rappers--large T-shirts, baggy pants, baseball hats and chains--imitates the Western hip-hop clothing style, which suggests an ambiguity between a desire to emulate western rap/hip hop and an emerging nationalism that is uniquely Moroccan. 15 16 Recoiling from reference: language ideologies among “emerging” evangelicals attempting to forge shared identities of Kenyan nationalism that attempted to meld different James S. Bielo ethnic experiences, creating hybrid identities (Samper 2002) rather than continuing to see Michigan State University different ethnic groups as diametrically opposed, polarized entities. This hybridity affects firstname.lastname@example.org mother tongue because it is accomplished through Sheng. A curious phenomenon is occurring among American Evangelicals: the adoption of “ancient” Talk of the Nation: Pidgin English in Nigeria’s New Capital practices (e.g., lectio divina) alongside, or instead of, more typically Protestant forms of Rudolf P. Gaudio worship. This is central to THE current debate among Evangelicals, the appearance of the Purchase College, SUNY “Emerging Church” and the possibility of a “postmodern Christianity.” I use historical and Rudolf.Gaudio@purchase.edu ethnographic data to argue that this surprising trend is ultimately a matter of language ideology. I outline two theories of signification at play in Evangelicalism—one emphasizing Official discourses celebrate Abuja, Nigeria’s 30-year-old capital city, as a gleaming symbol language’s fundamental inadequacy, and another touting language’s Divine heritage—and of national unity and modernity. The English language is a central element in this suggest that “Emerging” Evangelicals have forsaken the latter for the former. iconography, reflecting elite and aspiring Nigerians’ eagerness to prosper in the global economy. Yet most of Abuja’s residents use Nigerian Pidgin English (NPE) to communicate Listening to the languages of South Africa: Students’ rights to their own language across ethnic and linguistic lines. This paper outlines a project exploring the ideological Marcelle Mentor stances indexed by the ways speakers use and talk about NPE, paying particular to ideologies Teachers College, Columbia University of Nigerian nationhood and the country’s contradictory location in the political, economic, email@example.com racial and cultural landscapes of globalization. With the fall of Apartheid, and the first democratic elections of 1994, the South African Saturday, May 10 constitution made provision for eleven official languages. Today in a post-Apartheid Session 2 environment, with a democracy of only 14 years old, English is considered the lingua franca Harvill Building, Room 415 by many South Africans because it is increasingly the language of commerce and development. What has given this status to the English language? Why would people rather Diachronic Verb Movements in Chinese be educated in English as opposed to learning in their mother-tongue? Much has to do with Ke Zou South Africa’s colonial history and how language was and continues to be associated with California State University–East Bay political domination, identity and labels attached to groups of peoples. firstname.lastname@example.org Implications of the Kenyan political situation on indigenous language endangerment: There occurred two verb movements when the Early Modern Chinese evolved into the how you can tell Gwen Thompkins of NPR was not interviewing young Kenyans in 2007 Modern Chinese. One preposes a verb signifying the direction of the main verb action, and Heidi Orcutt-Gachiri the other preposes a verb clarifying the direction of such an action regarding the speaker’s University of Arizona position. This paper attempts to account for the two verb movements by projecting three VPs email@example.com with the three verbs as heads and rendering their semantic relations as verb-complementation relations between the main verb, the first directional VP and second directional VP. With this In pre-election reporting of the December 27, 2007, presidential election, NPR reporter Gwen structural analysis, the two verb movements can be simply captured by verb-raising and Tompkins spoke with Kenyans of different ethnic backgrounds. There was a significant NP-movement. difference between what her interviewees were saying about ethnicity and what the young people I worked with in two high schools in 2004 had said. The young people were often 17 18 Strategic Bivalency and Indexical Order among the Bái of Southwest China argument structure of roots are also discussed. Brook Hefright University of Michigan Data from English s-retraction suggest a solution to the actuation problem firstname.lastname@example.org Adam Baker, University of Arizona, email@example.com Diana Archangeli, University of Arizona, firstname.lastname@example.org My work explores literacy practices among the Bái ethnic group of southwest China’s Jeff Mielke, University of Ottawa, email@example.com Yúnnán Province. Drawing on texts in which Bái speakers represent their language in Chinese characters, I demonstrate how writers choose characters to selectively background The actuation problem has remained outstanding in the theory of sound change since it was lexical similarities between Bái and Chinese. This analysis is theoretically informed by identified by Weinreich, Labov, and Herzog (1968). We present data from American English Woolard’s (1999) concept of ‘‘strategic bivalency’’ and Silverstein’s (1996) concept of s-retraction that suggest a solution. We argue that phonetic effects common to a community ‘‘indexical order’’: through strategic representation of lexemes common to both languages, of speakers should not be expected to produce change, since phonetic effects cannot become writers mark their texts as essentially Bái while demonstrating competence in Chinese. In this correlated with social variables. On the other hand, speaker-specific phonetic effects can way, Bái writers simultaneously assert their ethnic identity while claiming cultural citizenship become correlated to social variables, which can initiate sound change. Since such in China. correlations are predicted statistically to be relatively rare, it is not surprising to find divergent phonological developments in languages. Roots, concepts, and the canonical use constraint Heidi Harley A choice function approach to English Jeopardy game questions University of Arizona Yosuke Sato firstname.lastname@example.org University of Arizona email@example.com In recent syntactic theorizing, some proposals reminiscent of discredited theories from the early 1970s have become current again. For example, in work from 1993- 2002, Ken Hale This talk investigates the syntax and semantics of English Jeopardy Game Questions. This and Jay Keyser have argued that denominal verbs like English ‘paint’ and ‘corral’ in type of question not only exhibits a spectacular range of structural and interpretive properties sentences like “John painted the wall” or “Amy corralled the horse” have a ‘hidden’ syntactic that would not be captured by movement-based treatments of wh-questions but also allows us structure like [John v [the wall [P paint]] or [Amy v [the horse [P corral]]], with rough glosses to tease apart predictions of several competing semantic theories of in-situ phrases as like ‘John caused the wall (to be) with paint’ or ‘Amy caused the horse (to be) in the corral’. presented in Kratzer 1998/Matthewson 1999 and Reinhart 1997, 1998, 2006/Winter 1997. Many of the objections to the original ‘decompositional’ proposals have been answered in the Specifically, arguments based on the obligatory widest scope and the context-sensitive literature, but some remain. In particular, the ‘canonical use’ constraint remains unaddressed. behavior of in-situ interrogative demonstratives suggest that the Kratzer/Matthewson-style The CUC consists in the observation that ‘John caused the wall to have paint on it’ could variant of the choice function approach is the proper treatment of English game show happen in any old way (e.g. he spills paint accidentaly on it) but ‘John painted the wall’ has to questions. happen in a canonical, ‘painting’ fashion. I address this question by considering the interpretive constraints on bare N constructions in English. Contrast, “I went to school” with Face, line and subjectivity in language “I went to the school”. In the former, CUC effects appear: the speaker is going to school for Greg Thompson educational purposes; in the latter, the school is just a location that is the destination of travel, University of Chicago and the speaker might be going for any old reason. These cases show that the CUC is a firstname.lastname@example.org constraint on the interpretation of bare Ns not a constraint on these denominal verbs specifically. Evidence from bare N constructions in other languages, with or without The data for this paper are taken from a tutoring interaction. These data are considered in incorporation, is presented to support the conclusion. Broader considerations about the light of Goffman’s face-work theory, demonstrating how line and face are realized in the 19 20 course of working through the tutoring interaction, and the consequences of this face-work. Blackfoot Lullabies This paper takes a broad approach to the array of linguistic features that contribute to line and Mizuki Miyashita face. In this interaction the most salient means for line and face-work were: prosody University of Montana (Couper-Kuhlen & Selting 1996), ascriptions of principalship via question form and email@example.com participant deixis (Goffman 1981, Wortham 1996), and discourse markers (Schiffrin 1987, Kockelman 2003). This paper describes five lullabies in Blackfoot, an Algonquian language spoken in Alberta, Canada and northwestern Montana. These lullabies were collected from my own fieldwork. Kirtan: Chanting is Materiality This paper provides: (i) a general song description including English free translation and A. Ashley Stinnett musical notation of rhythm and melodies, (ii) an interlinear analysis of the lyrics, and (iii) a University of Arizona phonological and morphological description of the lyrics. Very few Blackfoot lullabies have firstname.lastname@example.org been collected, and no study provides linguistic description or interlinear analysis. This study contributes not only to linguistic research but also to the language revitalization efforts of Kirtan, mantric chanting, contributes to understandings of materiality and semiotics in that members of the Blackfeet tribe. the fundamental socio-cultural notions embedded in the physical sound directly informs participant’s spiritual practices and bodily knowledge. Principle to these understandings, Variable patterns of tag and ‘pseudo’ tag questions used by student attorneys devotees believe that the vibratory aspects of sound in mantric chanting become materialized in a mock trial as physical object and contain healing power. The hierarchical nature of yogic chanting, the Joon-Beom Chu social legitimacy surrounding such beliefs and the agency enacted by the participants University of Arizona contextualize the framework within which Kirtan is enacted. Embedded within a larger set of email@example.com Hindu-istic spiritual beliefs, the bundled semiotic practices of Kirtan function to build a sense of spirituality, community, power and healing. This presentation will examine the use of tag questions by law students in mock trial conducted in a trial advocacy course. It will focus on the correlation between the use of tag Singing the Word: Language and interaction in the hymns of Q’eqchi’-Maya Catholics questions and the student-attorney’s effectiveness in examining a witness. The presentation Eric Hoenes del Pinal argues that tags and pseudo-tags have a privileged semiotic status in the framework of University of California–San Diego attorney-witness communications in court proceedings. Both attorneys and witnesses have a firstname.lastname@example.org “reflexive” grasp of this semiotic value and hold each other accountable for perceived violations of this norm. The performance of hymns is a point of contention in a low-level, but tense language Ideological diversity in spoken law: Massachusetts judges’ jury instructions ideological debate between Charismatic and Mainstream Q’eqchi’-Maya Catholics about John Curran what counts as legitimate religious action, how one should behave in church, and what George Washington University constitutes piety. In this paper I analyze two key aspects of Q’eqchi’-Maya Catholics’ hymns: GoNow@gwu.edu 1) the choice of linguistic code (Spanish or Q’eqchi’) in which hymns are sung; and 2) the differing bodily actions and dispositions that signal appropriate ritual action, to show that The practice of instructing juries on “what the law is” evinces differences in judges’ beliefs of each group creates a different interactional frameworks for ritual and, by extension, its own what “plain language” is, which are instantiated by different presentations of fundamental mode of religious subjectivity. legal concepts. This paper examines 5 Massachusetts judges’ instructions in 11 civil trials. The analysis shows that language ideologies tied to fundamental conceptions of the justice system differentially inform judges’ decisions to animate, index, and reframe some sources of written law and not others. These findings extend Philips’s (1998) work by illustrating how 21 22 trial judges exploit the “intertextual gap” among written and spoken genres of law to Hyper-gendered language in translation: Language ideology seen in Gone with the Wind negotiate, appropriate, and challenge institutional authority and ideologies. Mie Hiramoto, University of Hawai’i at Mānoa, email@example.com James Diekema, University of Arizona, firstname.lastname@example.org Linguistic Evidence for Cognitive Mapping as a Reflection of Environmental Offense Behavior Standard Japanese (SJ) is an ideological construct associated with a certain group of Blake Stephen Howald speakers—urban, educated, middle-class—and this variety is reserved for Caucasian Georgetown University characters belonging to southern-aristocrat families in Gone with the Wind. Following Och’s email@example.com (1990) model of indexicality, use of SJ serves to directly index the characters’ standardness, and therefore to indirectly index ideal feminininty/masculinity associated with SJ. This study Although linguistic analysis of violent crime from institutionalized data is, arguably, limited provides linguistic evidence that the use of SJ in translation is based on socioeconomic by a lack of naturalness, fresh perspectives are engendered by insights provided by linguistic distribution rather than actual linguistic distribution. Attention to the linguistic representation anthropology. Relying on Philips (1998), I extract narratives from the guilty plea of a serial of southern-dialect speakers in the story underscores the salient Japanese language ideology. murderer and analyze the variance of spatial reference and description (Levinson 1996) therein. In addition to supplementing research on cognitive mapping and spatio-temporality Now introducing “Grass in her hair”: in narratives generally (Herman 2001), the results contribute to refining geographic delineating native, gay, and two-spirit identity in drag profiling—a predictive model of serial crime investigation—by revealing a consistent, Jenny L Davis victim-centered, spatial narrative template which reflects the offending behavior. University of Colorado–Boulder Jennifer.Davis@Colorado.EDU Sunday, May 11 Session 1 This paper interrogates how members of a Two-spirit group articulate the many facets of their Harvill Building, Room 305 identity by simultaneously aligning with and diverging from mainstream discourses regarding sexuality and gender during two events, which occur at the two national Two-spirit gatherings. The Global Circulation of Feminist Peace Discourse I examine how the visual and linguistic tools utilized during the drag shows, which are Jess P. Weinberg temporally juxtaposed with traditional ceremonies and dances, act not only to delineate the New Mexico State University participants from mainstream cultures- both White and gay but also maintain Two-spirit firstname.lastname@example.org identity as “a spiritual way of walking”, which draws on tradition, and more than “just gay Indians”. In this paper I analyze the social circulation of discourse among feminist peace networks through an examination of the decontextualizations and recontextualizations of speeches Inglés Sin Barreras…el programa que se hace parte de la conversación en este pais delivered to the UN Security Council by representatives of the Palestinian NGO Jerusalem [English without barriers…the program that makes you part of the conversation Center for Women (JCW) and the JCW’s Israeli partner NGO Bat Shalom. Drawing on a in this country]: commodification, language learning, and the nation combination of ethnographic data and internet discourse, I consider the intertextual interplay Char Ullman of the speeches’ local (Israeli/Palestinian) specificities with the globalizing ideologies of the University of Texas–El Paso transnational feminist networks that recirculate the speeches. email@example.com This paper explores discourses of language and the nation that are embedded in the English language program (DVDs, CDs, and books), Inglés Sin Barreras. Inglés Sin Barreras is the most advertised commodity on Spanish-language TV. Mentioned in Spanish rap songs, joked 23 24 about on the popular variety show, Sabado Gigante, it is a pop-culture phenomenon. generational positionality from moment to moment. Analyzing the program itself, I put these data in conversation with ethnographic data from migrants who have consumed the program and its advertising. The goal is to explore the ways Language revitalization and the challenge of disjunctures in which theories of consumption and language ideology might be more interrelated than had Barbra A. Meek been previously imagined. University of Michigan firstname.lastname@example.org Sunday, May 11 Session 2 Historically in situations of language loss, endangered languages were acquired in the home, Harvill Buiding, Room 415 and dominant languages were learned at school. Today the reverse is primarily true. While many of these institutionally-mediated practices create spaces for endangered languages, they Reflexivity in multimedia ethnography also disrupt the ways in which people speak them; creating “sociolinguistic disjunctures” Lars Hinrichs (Meek forthcoming). Likewise, the various ideologies underscoring these practices can result University of Texas –Austin in disjuncture. In this paper, I examine the various entanglements emerging through such email@example.com collaborations and the sociolinguistic disjunctures that complicate Kaska language revitalization efforts. These disjunctures, while perhaps benign in non-endangered language Ethnographies with a linguistic interest are turning to video as an additional channel of data contexts, can seriously affect the maintenance and survival of a threatened language. collection, complementing the more traditional modes of observation, interview, audio recording, etc. Researchers are aware that the presence of a video camera on scene intensifies Modeling simultaneous convergence and divergence of linguistic features observer's paradox, yet experience shows that the quality of data obtained is often between differently-identifying groups in contact extraordinary. Andrew Wedel, University of Arizona, firstname.lastname@example.org I use video data that were gathered as part of an ongoing ethnography on the language of Heather Van Volkinburg, Columbia University, email@example.com Caribbean Canadians to illustrate strengths and weaknesses of video as an ethnographic tool. For better or worse, video guarantees that any documented interaction has strong performative Within a dynamical systems model of language production and processing, we use simulation elements. to investigate factors that could result in simultaneous convergence and divergence of features in differently-identifying groups in contact. We show that a model including (i) Mocking accents, monitoring politicized selves: lower-level mechanisms promoting featural convergence, such as the perceptual magnet How Muslim American women use humor to mediate charged identities effect, and (ii) a hypothesized higher-level tendency to produce recognizably group-identified Maisa C. Taha speech result in specific divergence against a background of general convergence. University of Arizona Interestingly, we find that preferential imitation of in-group speech is not sufficient to drive firstname.lastname@example.org divergence. Instead, speakers must preferentially imitate tokens that can be positively identified with the in-group. This study examines mock accents as a resource for working through subjectivities that have come under political and social scrutiny. Since 9/11, Muslim women are called upon to explain their religious identities and practices. I examine narratives recorded during young women’s halaqa, or study circle, meetings at a mosque in the Southwestern United States to show that by mocking fathers’ accents, young Muslim American women address anxiety over their presumed subordination to male relatives and establish agentive discursive subjectivities. Mocking provides the means to flexibly manage speakers’ religious, gendered, racial, and 25 26 Positions of the Student Union (May 9—8:00 am to 5:00 p.m.) May 9, 5:30 pm, Film Festival—Haury Building, Room 216 May 10 and 11—Harvill Building, Rooms 305 and 415 Student Union Harvill Building May 10 and 11 Student Union May 9 Haury Building Film Festival, Room 216, 5:30 pm, May 9 Friday, May 9, 2008 Copper Room (4th level in Student Union) Kiva Room (2nd level in Student Union) Copper Room Kiva Room Contact Information of Organizers Heidi Harley email@example.com Norma Mendoza-Denton firstname.lastname@example.org Heidi Orcutt-Gachiri email@example.com Chen-chun E firstname.lastname@example.org Sarah Weismuller email@example.com Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge our sponsors: Social and Behavioral Sciences Unit Research Activity Funding; John Olsen, Department of Anthropology; Mike Hammond, Department of Linguistics; and Ken Houser, Managing Principal of Arizona, and Elizabeth Perry, Managing Principal of Utah, SWCA Environmental Consultants. We would also like to acknowledge the many people who helped in this conference. Cathy Snider, Ellen Stamp, Norma Maynard, Deborah Clelland, and Catherine Lehman, Department of Anthropology. Jennie Bradley, Marian Wiseley, Jennifer Columbus, and Kimberley Young, Department of Linguistics. We also had many student volunteers, who offered a great deal of help with webpage design, podcasting, registration, moderating in sessions, housing, transportation, room/equipment reservation, document filing, stuff purchasing, party organization, photocopying, and much immediate assistance. Many thanks to the following volunteers: Adam Baker, Amy Fountain, Alexandra Trueman, Angie Canavan, Ashley Stinnett, Carly Tex, Dainon Woudstra, Jae Hoon Choi, Elizabeth Specker, Jeff Berry, Jenny Merritt, Joon-Boem Chu, Joseph Parks, Kara Hawthorne, Kara Johnson, Kyu-Sang Park, Lance LaRue, Lisa Newon, Laura Bjorndahl, Lori Labotka, Maisa Taha, Melanie Medeiros, Monica Young, Phil Cash Cash, Peter Norquest, Stephanie Sams, Sunjing Ji, Ufuk Coskun, Vanessa Loya, Vija Garcia-Dixon, William LaFleur, and Yosuke Sato.
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