University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona May 9-11, 2008 - PDF by ltq40826

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									University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona
           May 9–11, 2008
Arizona Linguistics and Anthropology Symposium                                                                        Arizona Linguistics and Anthropology Symposium
9 May 2008 (Day 1)                                                                                                    9 May 2008 (Day 1), Continued
Times are in 20-minute blocks; each talk is 15 minutes + 5 minutes for questions.                                     Times are in 20-minute blocks; each talk is 15 minutes + 5 minutes for questions.

                                              Session 1                                                 Session 2                                                 Session 1                                                  Session 2

                                                                                                   Begins     Ends            Student Union, Kiva Room          Begins     Ends Student Union, Copper Room Begins                  Ends

                                                      Student Union, Kiva Room, Welcome               8:00    8:15           Stefanie Jannedy and Micaela
                                                                                                                                  Mertins, The phonetics of                        Phil Cash Cash, The ecology of
                                                                                                                                                                 1:00       1:20                                           1:00     1:20
                                         Student Union, Kiva Room, Plenary 1, Rusty Barrett                             Kiezdeutsch: the speech of Turkish                                     Nez Perce naming
      Is it any way might you could tell me how come am I not a English speaker?: Subject-            8:20    9:15         adolescents in an urban context
           auxiliary inversion and introspective methodologies in linguistics and anthropology                         Robert Lawson, Realisations of CAT
                                                                                                                                                                                      Rebecca Greene, Language
                                                                                                                               and BIT in three Glaswegian       1:25       1:45                                           1:25     1:45
         Student Union, Kiva Room          Begins     Ends Student Union, Copper Room Begins                  Ends                                                                     attitudes in Hirosaki, Japan
                                                                                                                                    communities of practice
                                                               Brendan O’Connor and Gilbert                                Mariche G. Bayonas and Emilia                             Anna Boario, Communities of
  Terra Edwards, The arbitrariness of                            Brown, Not for your average                          Alonso Marks, Examining the effects                             practice and the meaning of
 resemblance—iconicity and referent         9:20       9:40         brain: metaphor as social         9:20    9:40                   of counterurbanization:     1:50       2:10        variable use of word-initial       1:50     2:10
                  projections in ASL                              practice in an underground                          sociolinguistic adaptations of existing                                 gemination in Italian
                                                                           hiphop community                                               local communities                                           adolescents
  Claire Ramsey, Language ideology
                                                              Jody Talkington, The making of                                                                                                                Break 2        2:15     2:30
        and implications for language
                                                                 speech styles and authority
 documentation: origin and extinction       9:45      10:05                                           9:45    10:05                                                                    Christina Leza, Grassroots
                                                                        personae in an urban                           Lauren Hall-Lew, Dialect variation in
  narratives of elderly deaf signers in                                                                                                                          2:30       2:50     indigenous discourse on “the          2:30     2:50
                                                                                  classroom                                         San Francisco English
                          Mexico City                                                                                                                                                       border,” land, and self
                                                                        Irene Theodoropoulou,                          Dana Osborne, Identifying the pitch                       Hilary Parsons Dick, Cumulative
                            Discussion     10:10      10:30    Stylization as a mechanism for      10:10      10:30   and duration ranges for enregistered                              complaint: communicative
                                                                                                                                                                 2:55       3:15                                           2:55     3:15
                                                                         denaturalizing identity                          utterances: Mexicano and White                         practices as influencing Mexico-
                                                                                                                                                     voice                                            US migration
                                                                                       Break 1     10:35      10:50
                                                                                                                                                                                               Carla Breidenbach,
                                                            Kaoru Amino, How they change                                                                                          Deconstructing mock Spanish:
                                                                                                                      Rebecca Greene, Pitch accent use in
                                                                     topics: empirical study of                                                                  3:20       3:40    an anthropological analysis of         3:20     3:40
  Don Anderson, Cab-hailing and the                                                                                                 Appalachian English
                                           10:50      11:10       “supportive” and “negative”      10:50      11:10                                                                      mock Spanish as racism,
            micropolitics of gesture
                                                            speaking styles in mixed gender                                                                                                        humor, or insult
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Break 3        3:45     4:00
                                                               Mie Hiramoto et al., “Oh god,
        Simeon Floyd, Solar iconicity,                                 men are such babies!”:                                                             Student Union, Kiva Room, Plenary 2, Chris Potts
        conventionalized gesture and       11:15      11:35          gendered expressions in       11:15      11:35                                                                                                        4:00     4:55
                                                                                                                                                                             The coin of the expressive realm
   multimodal meaning in Nheengatú                           Japanese anime and American                                                    Second Annual University of Arizona Ethnographic Film Festival
                                                                                   English dubs                                                                                                                            5:30     7:00
                                                                                                                                                 Haury Building, Room 216 (light refreshments will be served)
 Bryan Meadows and Linda Waugh,                               Viviana Quintero, “She speaks
Constructing objectivity/subjectivity in                                     like a landowner”:
         on-line texts: unpacking the      11:40      12:00        metapragmatics, language        11:40      12:00
        contributions of verbal/visual                              ideologies, and gender in
   modalities to textual interpretation                           northern highland Ecuador
                                                                                         Lunch     12:00      1:00

      Conference information is available at: or via email at                        Conference information is available at: or via email at                                                                                      
Arizona Linguistics and Anthropology Symposium                                                                        Arizona Linguistics and Anthropology Symposium
10 May 2008 (Day 2)                                                                                                   10 May 2008 (Day 2), Continued
Times are in 20-minute blocks; each talk is 15 minutes + 5 minutes for questions.                                      Times are in 20-minute blocks; each talk is 15 minutes + 5 minutes for questions.

                                              Session 1                                                 Session 2                                                  Session 1                                                  Session 2

                                                                                                  Begins      Ends             Harvill Building, Room 305       Begins      Ends       Harvill Building, Room 415 Begins            Ends
                                        Harvill Building, Room 305, Plenary 1, Claire Bowern                             E. Summerson Carr, Confessional
                                                                                                                                                                                          A. Ashley Stinnett, Kirtan:
   Modeling in historical linguistics: trisecting computational methods, speech communities,          8:30    9:25    semiotics: the practice of reference in    1:10        1:30                                           1:10     1:30
                                                                                                                                                                                             chanting as materiality
                                                                        and language change                                         the performance of truth
                                                                                                                      Robin Shoaps, A tropical retreat from                          Eric Hoenes del Pinal, Singing
         Harvill Building, Room 305        Begins     Ends       Harvill Building, Room 415 Begins            Ends     the stress of Jihad: Rush Limbaugh,                                  the Word: language and
                                                                                                                                                                 1:35        1:55                                           1:35     1:55
  Madeleine Adkins, Staging Irish: the                                                                                    trope-ical attire and Guantánamo                               interaction in the hymns of
                                                                      Ke Zou, Diachronic verb                                                            Bay                               Q’eqchi’-Maya Catholics
uses of an Irish English variety in and     9:30       9:50                                           9:30    9:50
                                                                       movements in Chinese                                    James S. Bielo, What kind of
                    out of performance                                                                                                                                                   Mizuki Miyashita, Blackfoot
 Alina Pajtek, ‘I cook, therefore I am’:                              Brook Hefright, Strategic                           reformation? Semiotic ideologies       2:00        2:20                                           2:00     2:20
 a cross-cultural analysis of television                         bivalency and indexical order                              among “emerging” evangelicals
                                            9:55      10:15                                           9:55    10:15
   cooking shows in Romania and the                               among the Bái of Southwest                                                                                                                  Break 2       2:25     2:40
                                    U.S.                                                 China
      Lal Zimman, “She’s just a high-                                                                                                                                               Joon-Beom, Variable patterns
                                                               Heidi Harley, Roots, concepts,                             Marcelle Mentor, Listening to the
    maintenance bitch”: interpersonal                                                                                                                                             of grammatical and ‘pseudo’ tag
                                           10:20      10:40            and the canonical use      10:20       10:40    languages of South Africa: students’      2:45        3:05                                           2:45     3:05
    drama and discourse continuity in                                                                                                                                                   questions used by student
                                                                                    constraint                                rights to their own language
                              reality TV                                                                                                                                                  attorneys in a mock trial
                                                                                                                       Heidi Orcutt-Gachiri, Implications of
                                                                                       Break 1    10:45       11:00        the Kenyan political situation on                               John Curran, Ideological
                                                             Adam Baker, Diana Archangeli,                            indigenous language endangerment:                                     diversity in spoken law:
  George Figgs, “We rep the CO, we                                                                                                                               3:10        3:30                                           3:10     3:30
                                                                   and Jeff Mielke, English s-                        how you can tell Gwen Thompkins of                                 Massachusetts judges’ jury
get mile high love”: the authentication    11:00      11:20                                       11:00       11:20       NPR was not interviewing young                                                 instructions
                                                                    retraction data suggest a
              of a local hip-hop scene                                                                                                   Kenyans in 2007
                                                            solution to the actuation problem
    Renae O’Hanlon, Sociolinguistic                          Yosuke Sato, A choice function                                                                                                  Blake Stephen Howald,
        identities in Australian youth     11:25      11:45    approach to English Jeopardy       11:25       11:45                                                                 Variation of spatial reference in
     subcultures: the case of hip hop                                         game questions                               Rudi Gaudio, Talk of the Nation:                         the institutionalized narrative of
          Samira Hassa, Westernity,                                                                                         pidgin English in Nigeria’s new      3:35        3:55         a serial offender: linguistic     3:35     3:55
           authenticity, diversity and                        Greg Thompson, Face, line and                                                          capital                        evidence for cognitive mapping
                                           11:50      12:10                                       11:50       12:10                                                                 as a reflection of environmental
 nationalism: an analysis of selected                                subjectivity in language
                  Moroccan rap lyrics                                                                                                                                                               offense behavior

                                                                                         Lunch    12:10       1:10                                                                                            Break 3       4:00     4:15
                                                                                                                                                               Harvill Building, Room 305, Plenary 2, Jane Hill
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4:15     5:10
                                                                                                                                        Anthropological models and historical linguistics: the story of Uto-Aztecan
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Conference Party          6:00    10:30

      Conference information is available at: or via email at                         Conference information is available at: or via email at                                                                                       
Arizona Linguistics and Anthropology Symposium
11 May 2008 (Day 3)
Times are in 20-minute blocks; each talk is 15 minutes + 5 minutes for questions.

                                               Session 1                                                Session 2

                                                                                                     Begins   Ends
                                    Harvill Building, Room 305, Plenary 1, Susan Philips
                                                                                                      9:00    9:55
                        How Tongans make sense of variation in the use of lexical honorifics
         Harvill Building, Room 305       Begins       Ends        Harvill Building, Room 415 Begins          Ends
        Jess P. Weinberg, The global
                                                                    Lars Hinrichs, Reflexivity in
         circulation of feminist peace     10:00       10:20                                         10:00    10:20
                                                                       multimedia ethnography
                                                                 Maisa Taha, The chemistry of
Mie Hiramoto et al., Hyper-gendered
                                                                         style: mock accent and
   language in translation: language
                                           10:25       10:45      privileged subjecthood in the      10:25    10:45
ideology seen in Gone with the Wind
                                                                   discourse of young Muslim-
                                                                               American women
                                                                                           Break     10:50    11:05
Jenny Davis, Now introducing “Grass                                     Barbra Meek, Language
  in her hair”: delineating native, gay, 11:05           11:25 revitalization and the challenge      11:05    11:25
          and two-spirit identity in drag                                         of disjunctures
 Char Ullman, Inglés sin barreras…el
                                                                   Andy Wedel and Heather Van
    programa que se hace parte de la
                                                                           Volkinburg, Modeling
   conversación en este pais [English
                                                                 simultaneous convergence and
   without barriers…the program that 11:30               11:50                                       11:30    11:50
                                                                 divergence of linguistic features
  makes you part of the conversation
                                                                   between differently identifying
     in this country]: commodification,
                                                                                groups in contact
    language learning, and the nation
                                         Harvill Building, Room 305, Plenary 2, Keith Walters
                                                                                                     11:55    12:50
                                      Linguistics, anthropology, the media, and Arabic diglossia

      Conference information is available at: or via email at
                                                                                                                                     Modeling in Historical Linguistics: Trisecting Computational Methods,
                                              Plenary Speakers                                                                                   Speech Communities, and Language Change
                                                                                                                                                                    Claire Bowern
         Is it any way might you could tell me how come am I not a English speaker?:                                                                                Rice University
            Subject-auxiliary inversion and introspective methodologies in linguistics                                                                   
                                        and anthropology
                                                   Rusty Barrett                                                                  Ever since serious work began on Australia’s Indigenous languages, there have been
                                               University of Kentucky                                                       arguments about their ‘exceptional’ status. This exceptionality has come into focus no more
                                                                                                 clearly than in historical linguistics and prehistory. Some have claimed that the very notion of
                                                                                                                            a language family’ is untestable in Australia, due to millennia of diffusion of features between
This paper examines reflexivity in anthropology and native-speaker grammaticality                                           language groups (e.g., Dixon 2002). Other arguments highlight Australia’s long isolation
judgments in linguistics. Although both are introspective methodologies, their use is typically                             from the rest of the world, implying that there is no reason to expect methods elsewhere to be
restricted to their ‘home’ disciplines. Patterns of subject-auxiliary inversion in embedded                                 applicable here (Clendon 2006). Conversely, O’Grady and Hale (2004), Alpher (2004) and
questions in my native dialect of (Ozark) English are used to explore the potential value in                                others deny that methods used elsewhere are inapplicable in Pama-Nyungan, arguing instead
crossing this disciplinary divide in methodology. A reflexive account of the problems raised                                that gaps in scholarship and data are responsible for the picture of exceptionality.
by this construction in my own education as a linguist is used to examine the ways in which                                         The arguments for the intractability of Pama-Nyungan rest of testable claims. Here I
intuition-based accounts of syntax marginalize speakers of non-standard varieties (cf. Walters                              outline recent advances in the use of computational biological methods in linguistics and how
1995) and restrict the range of data involved in the development of syntactic theory.                                       they can help in elucidating the definition of problems in Australian language classification. I
Intuitions about the grammaticality of sentences with embedded inversion are used to explore                                argue that such methods are only useful for historical linguists if we understand the basis for
the cultural meanings associated with inversion. The analysis suggests that this form of                                    their use and their strengths and weaknesses; wholesale adoption or rejection are both
inversion is an epistemic marker that allows speakers to position themselves with respect to                                premature. After all, although language change is not gene change, the two types of data do
local (Ozark) norms for maintaining secrecy and sharing knowledge.                                                          share commonalities. Secondly, I discuss possible links between the modeling of linguistic
                                                                                                                            changes and what they can tell us about speaker population interactions. Like Hale (2007), I
                                        The coin of the expressive realm                                                    reject “combination” models of language change and speech communities (such as Ross
                                                   Chris Potts                                                              1997); however solely linguistic models of change can nonetheless be used to infer properties
                                            University of Massachusetts                                                     of the communities who spoke those languages. I use data from the Karnic subgroup of
                                                                                          Pama-Nyungan to illustrate these claims.

Natural languages are rich in *expressives*: honorifics, swears, polite terms, and other                                         Anthropological Models and Historical Linguistics: The Story of Uto-Aztecan
morphemes and constructions that convey complex perspectival information and seem best                                                                         Jane H. Hill
characterized, not in terms of what they mean, but rather in terms of how they act upon us.                                                                 Regents’ Professor
This talk surveys the diversity of the expressive realm, both across languages and in the range                                                            University of Arizona
of uses to which specific expressives can be put. I call upon evidence from psycholinguistics,                                                       
corpus studies, and theoretical morphosemantics to support an abstract characterization of
expressive content, and I work to flesh out Kaplan’s (1999) observation that “people desire to                              The incorporation of anthropological thought into historical linguistics has not always yielded
be *paid* respect, and honorifics can be the coin of that payment.”1                                                        positive results. Theories about hunter-gatherer adaptations prominent in the 1950s and 60s
                                                                                                                            led to the view that lexicostatistics reflected the processes that shaped Uto-Aztecan diversity
    Kaplan, David. 1999. What is meaning? Explorations in the theory of Meaning as Use. Brief version, draft 1, Ms, UCLA.
                                                                                                                            better than the Comparative Method. Thus progress on historical reconstruction and
(For a video recording of Kaplan delivering a newer version:

                                                             1                                                                                                             2
subgrouping has not advanced as significantly as might be expected, given the resources we
enjoy on these languages. The paper undertakes a rigorous application of the comparative
method, and subgrouping using strict criteria of shared innovation, with a preliminary finding
that our understanding of Uto-Aztecan subgrouping needs to be substantially revised, with
important implications for the prehistory of Uto-Aztecan communities.                              Friday, May 9
                                                                                                   Session 1
         How Tongans Make Sense of Variation in the Use of Lexical Honorifics                      Student Union, Kiva Room
                                      Susan U. Philips
                              Professor Emerita of Anthropology                                          The arbitrariness of resemblance—iconicity and referent projections in ALS
                                     University of Arizona                                                                              Terra Edwards
                                                                                           University of California–Berkeley
The purpose of this paper is to describe how Tongans explain one particular aspect of
variation in the use of Tongan lexical honorifics: non-use of honorifics where it is held that     While iconicity is a concept found throughout the sign language literature, what it means for
use should occur. The contrast between use and non-use of honorifics is the kind of individual     a form to be iconic is often taken as relatively self-evident. Form-meaning relations are not
variation that most commonly evokes ethnometapragmatic commentary and explanation from             only taken to be self-evident, but also natural in that aspects of a given world external to
Tongans, other aspects of variation being apparently less available to conscious awareness. I      language are thought to be reproduced in rigid, uncomplicated ways. Based on narrative
will describe how Tongan accounts of non-use activate local theories of Tongan individual          analysis, I argue that an iconic feature of ASL known as referent projection constitutes not a
and social positioning. In other words, Tongans draw on Tongan concepts of both individual         rigid, concrete tool, but a fluid semiotic resource that allows signers to stretch resemblance to
and socially systematic past experiences of those who in one way or another are said to fail to    abstraction, naturalizing particular visions of the social order.
use honorifics in situations where they are seen to be called for. Such explanations are in turn
also socially positioned. These often somewhat ad hoc interpretive practices are more              Language ideology and implications for language documentation: origin and extinction
consistent with Schutzian and ethnomethodological phenomenological understandings of                                     narratives of elderly deaf signers in Mexico City
sense making (particularly with Schutz’s concept of “the biographically determined situation”)                                                Claire Ramsey
than with more typical semiotic accounts of the meanings of honorification, although the two                                        University of California–San Diego
perspectives are arguably compatible.                                                                                          

                Linguistics, anthropology, the media, and Arabic diglossia                         This paper examines Lengua de Señas Mexicana’s origin/extinction legend, narrated by
                                        Keith Walters                                              elderly Deaf signers in Mexico City whose interpretations of their history reveal a complex
                                   Portland State University                                       ideology. It expresses group cohesiveness, accounts for relations with the world outside the
                                                                         group, sets standards of linguistic beauty, and describes LSM as a tool for learning and
                                                                                                   thinking. Data were generated by on-going sociolinguistic and language documentation
I begin this talk with comments about Dell Hymes’ (1972) “The Scope of Sociolinguistics,”          fieldwork in Mexico City and the surrounding area. The overarching question of this research
using it as a framework for thinking about the relationship between the study of language in       asks about sociolinguistic and linguistic consequences of disrupted transmission and
context in anthropology and linguistics. I then focus on the ways in which perspectives from       undependable avenues of continuity for a sign language.
linguistics and anthropology might help us understand how the media continue to reshape the
nature of Arabic diglossia, particularly in terms of language attitudes and language

                                                3                                                                                                  4
                       Cab-hailing and the Micropolitics of Gesture                              report on an identical topic, the American celebrity Anna Nicole Smith. Analysis identifies
                                   Donald N. Anderson                                            the cooperative work of verbal and visual elements to index either a generally objective or
                                   University of Arizona                                         subjective stance, thus resembling the multimodal character of face-to-face interaction.
                                                                                                                              The phonetics of Kiezdeutsch:
Cabdrivers on a listserv in San Francisco, California were asked to evaluate the gestures used                     The speech of Turkish adolescents in an urban context
in hailing taxis. Respondents expressed strong preferences for certain gestures over others,                                Stefanie Jannedy and Micaela Mertins
identifying clarity and propriety as key elements by which they evaluated gestures used in                                    Center for Linguistics (ZAS), Berlin
cabhailing, and by extension, those who used them. The discussion emphasizes the drivers’                     and
concern with the issues of intelligibility and respect which are important not only to the
interpretation of gestures, but to safe interaction between drivers and passengers; as well as   Kiezdeutsch (roughly translated as "Hood German") is an ethnolect spoken in many urban
the importance of gestural communication in a fast-paced and highly mobile urban context.        communities with predominantly Turkish linguistic and ethnic background in Germany. It
                                                                                                 displays various grammatical characteristics uncommon for standard German. Most work has
    Solar iconicity, conventionalized gesture and multimodal meaning in Nheengatú                focused on exploring morpho-syntactic alternations (Wiese, 2006; Auer, 2003; Auer & Dirim,
                                       Simeon Floyd                                              2003) while phonetic and phonological variation was observed but not investigated. We
                                  University of Texas–Austin                                     collected data from 2 young girls from Berlin (Wedding) speaking this migrant youth style
                                                                       and investigated a selection of sound realizations: we discuss the girls’ use of sub-segmental
                                                                                                 phonetic resources to mark this urban variety of German and to comply with the generic
This paper describes a highly conventionalized set of gestures used by speakers of the           Kiezdeutsch style spoken in Germany.
Brazilian indigenous language Nheengatú (Tupi-Guaraní) to add temporal and aspectual
information to the accompanying spoken language. Using a system of ‘solar iconicity’, this                Realization of CAT and BIT in three Glaswegian communities of practice
emblematic or ‘language-like’ gestural practice employs a model of the sun’s arc to convey                                           Robert Lawson
time of day and durations of actions and events. Cases like that of Nheengatú, a tenseless                                        University of Glasgow
language that uses abverbial strategies for conveying temporal information, illustrate why it                         
is important to view speech and gesture as part of the same processes where deictic reference,
spatial iconicity and multimodality combine to produce grammatical meaning.                      This study utilises the Community of Practice (CofP) framework in an ethnographic study of a
                                                                                                 Glasgow high school (Banister Academy), with the aim of understanding how two vocalic
           Constructing objectivity/subjectivity in on-line texts: unpacking the                 variables (CAT and BIT) differentiate membership of three CofPs: the Sports CofP, the
            contributions of verbal/visual modalities to textual interpretation                  Alternative CofP, and the Ned CofP. In data collected from workingclass male adolescents
                           Bryan Meadows and Linda Waugh                                         approximately 700 tokens of each variable were extracted and analysed acoustically using
                                  University of Arizona                                          PRAAT.  The results suggest that fine-grained linguistic variation plays an integral role in the
      and                           negotiation and production of social differences within Banister Academy.

Internet websites present new contexts for the study of the multimodality of discourse due to
blending of verbal and visual elements. We explore the way in which these modalities work
together to index common understandings of objectivity and subjectivity. For analysis, we
selected on-line newspaper articles (e.g., and on-line blogs (e.g., to be relatively objective and subjective, respectively—that

                                               5                                                                                                 6
                   Examining the effects of counterurbanization:                                  contour and time-to-f0 extremum of enregistered voices have multiple foundations that are
              Sociolinguistic adaptations of existing local communities                           productively examined from a marriage of linguistic and linguistic anthropological
       Mariche García Bayonas, University of North Carolina,                    perspectives.
                 Emilia Alonso Marks, Ohio University,
                                                                                                                                Pitch Accent Use in Appalachian English
There is abundant research on the new emergent social rural landscapes and how they are                                                     Rebecca Greene
affecting newcomers’ sense of belonging and their identities. However, the impacts that these                                              Stanford University
new social landscapes have on existing local communities, on their established cultural                                      
identities, has never been explored. This study examines the patterns of social interactions
through which cultural identity manifests itself, and how people construct their sense of         Until recently, researchers have given little attention to variation in prosody. This study,
belonging through language. The discursive context plays a significant role in determining        focusing on conversational speech, uses ToBI to capture differences between three varieties
the kinds of linguistic elements that help construct cultural identities.                         of American English, Appalachian English (AE), Southern American English (SAE), and
                                                                                                  Mainstream American English (MAE). There is currently little work on AE or its relationship
                         Dialect Variation in San Francisco English                               with SAE. In AE, speakers use more L+H* and L* pitch accents in standard declarative
                                      Lauren Hall-Lew                                             utterances where MAE and SAE speakers typically use H*. Overall, this research explores a
                                      Stanford University                                         new type of meta-variable, specifically, greater or lesser regimentation of pitch accent choice
                                                                    across different varieties.

This paper presents a preliminary analysis of English dialect data from San Francisco,            Friday, May 9
California, examining in particular the participation of Whites and Chinese Americans in          Session 2
local regional sound change. The broader research project aims to fill a major gap in U.S.        Student Union, Copper Room
dialect literature on the Western states (Labov, Ash, & Boberg 2006) with analyses of the
vowel systems of both ethnic groups. Vowel data from a relatively small subset of speakers                                            Not for your average brain:
are presented in this talk in the context of a particular neighborhood and its history. Shared             The social meaning of metaphor in an underground hiphop community
features between speakers suggest an analysis that merges notions of dialect and ethnolect.                                     Brendan O’Connor and Gilbert Brown
                                                                                                                                        University of Arizona
          Identifying the pitch and duration ranges of enregistered utterances:                          and
                                 Mexicano and White voice
                                      Dana M. Osborne                                             We draw on interview data with an MC (hiphop performer) and founder of a Native
                                     University of Arizona                                        underground “crew” from Farmington, NM, to show that his use of metaphor has a
                                                              gatekeeping function: it works to create and reinforce group boundaries, and determine the
                                                                                                  conditions for group membership, in this hiphop community of practice (Eckert &
This study aims to empirically address how enregistered voices (social personae) are realized     McConnell-Ginet, 1992). Our participant articulates metalinguistic ideologies about the use
through the modulation of pitch contour and time-to-f0 extremum through key changes in the        of metaphor in hiphop which, he claims, contrast with ideologies of older people in his
fundamental frequency of the utterance. Using linguistic and linguistic anthropological theory,   Navajo community of origin. We discuss how enregisterment of linguistic features (Agha,
I correlate characteristics of pitch contour with the performance of enregistered social          2007) can lead to stereotypic evaluations of young people’s behavior.
personae in the utterances of a fifty-something Chicana from East Los Angeles as she invokes
White-Chicana-Mexicano voices in natural discourse. I conclude that the modulation of pitch

                                               7                                                                                                   8
      The Making of Speech Styles and Authority Personae in an Urban Classroom                       change topics, by collaborating ways, such as give sympathetic backchannels and long
                                   Jody Talkington                                                   summary or paraphrasing, whereas men show fewer Feedbacks before they shift to next flow,
                            San Francisco State University                                           and even in the case they give Feedback, the minimal response and minimal response are
                                                                   taken compared to female’s strategy.

This study explores the stylistic variation of three women from different cultural backgrounds            “Oh god, men are such babies!”: Gendered Expressions in Japanese Anime and
in positions of authority in an urban high school. First, I examine the composite sets of                                           American English Dubs
linguistic features that make up each participant’s style. Next, I identify locally defined social                Mie Hiramoto, University of Hawai’i at Mānoa,
meanings of these styles produced and reflected in interaction. Finally, I make connections                     Mark Lee, Matt Schmidgall, and Steve Zhou, University of Arizona
between the linguistic choices and the creation of an authority persona. I argue that each    ,,
speaker does not “naturally” have a different style, but rather they have different language
ideologies, shaped by differing socialization practices, that enable different stylistic             This research studies how the cultural norms of hegemonic masculinity are constructed by the
possibilities for each of them.                                                                      characters in the popular anime, Cowboy Bebop. We observe what kind of gendered
                                                                                                     expressions are frequently employed to project language ideology both in Japanese and its
                   Stylization as a mechanism for denaturalizing identity                            American English dubs. Additionally, unlike Kiesling’s (2005) findings based on his
                                      Irene Theodoropoulou                                           fieldwork data, the scripted anime dialogues display the male solidarity and heterosexuality
                                      King’s College, London                                         through both straightforward and “indirect” manners in Japanese and English. Interestingly,
                                                            the straightforward solidarity is constructed more strongly between the male characters,
                                                                                                     whereas the female characters remain more independent of one another.
The aim of this paper is to contribute to the interdisciplinary literature on bridging Linguistics
and Anthropology, by explaining the process of identity denaturalization (Bucholtz & Hall                    “She Speaks Like a Landowner!”: Metapragmatics, Language Ideologies,
2004: 386), a linguistic anthropological process (ibid. 368), through the employment of two                                and Gender in Northern Highland Ecuador
relevant to each other linguistic processes, voicing (Coupland 2007a: 114) and stylization                                             Viviana Quintero
(Bakhtin 1981, 1986). On the basis of analyzing conversational data from working and                                                University of Michigan
middle class Athenians, it will be argued that their stylizations of each other create a gap                                      
between ‘real’ and performed social practice, where social meaning can emerge and new
styles and identities can be constructed.                                                            I analyze how three indigenous sisters describe “zigzag speech,” a culturally salient style of
                                                                                                     speaking indirectly and politely, which is widely recognized among Kichwa-Spanish
    “How they change topics?”: Empirical study of speaking style, “supportive” and                   indigenous peoples in northern highland Ecuador. The sisters claim that zigzag speech is best
                “negative” in gender mixed conversation in Japanese                                  deployed through Kichwa, not Spanish. They also assert that indigenous women as opposed
                                   Kaoru Amino                                                       to indigenous men, and indigenous people as opposed to non-indigenous people, are the
                                 Kyushu University                                                   natural performers of this speech style. They frame and rationalize these claims by lassoing
                                                                         certain linguistic forms that index zigzag speech – honorifics, diminutives, and enregistered
                                                                                                     voice distinctions (low/high; soft/loud; slow/fast) – with local cultural ideologies of
The differences of speaking style in both gender-mixed conversation has been examined in             bilingualism, gender, suffering, humiliation, and rebellion.
the perspective of “supportive” and “negative” characteristic. This research tries to prove
whether this theory is also applicable in Japanese by observing the way they change topics.
Consequently, data from 2 couples shows that women frequently show Feedbacks before they

                                                9                                                                                                   10
                             The Ecology of Nez Perce Naming                                      native (NS) and non-native (NNS) speakers in urban Turin. I have quantified the presence of
                                     Phillip Cash Cash                                            word initial gemination, then evaluated data collected to understand why this feature was
                                   University of Arizona                                          chosen only by some NNS adolescents and not by others. What I have noticed is that some
                                                                  NNS use word-initial gemination to imitate NS and create a personal style to define an
                                                                                                  Italian-like identity.
In this paper, I examine the linguistic practices of Nez Perce naming as a means of
understanding the impacts of language endangerment on identity formation. I draw insights                      Grassroots Indigenous Discourse on “the Border,” Land, and Self
from ethnographic and census data to show how meanings are constructed in traditional                                                    Christina Leza
naming practices. While it was found that language endangerment has constrained available                                              University of Arizona
naming options, modernity of experience has had a greater impact on Nez Perce naming due                                   
to changes in traditional culture. Despite these discontinuities, Nez Perce naming is an
identity-relevant practice which seeks to preserve traditional notions of personhood and, by      Merging cognitive linguistic, dialogic ethnography, and ideological discourse theory, this
extension, the language(s) and ecology that shape it.                                             paper analyzes identity construction among Native Americans with indigenous cultural
                                                                                                  relatives in Mexico. It identifies key imagery and themes in indigenous activist discourses on
                           Language Attitudes in Hirosaki, Japan                                  land and identity on the U.S.-Mexico border, discourses that struggle against mainstream
                                       Rebecca Greene                                             political perspectives though influenced by a broader national discourse. Whether
                                      Stanford University                                         conceptualized as an “imaginary line,” a “cut” across a physical body, an imperial “weapon,”
                                                                or a fine line delineating a First World self from a Third World “Other,” the U.S.-Mexico
                                                                                                  border plays a critical role in the complex construction of identity for Native Americans on
This study, conducted in Hirosaki, Japan, builds a multidimensional methodology for directly      the Southern border.
eliciting language attitudes about the local stigmatized dialect and Standard Japanese. Young
people claim a prouder and more affectionate attitude toward dialect than do old people. In       Cumulative Complaint: Communicative Practices as Influencing Mexico-US Migration
particular, those raised before versus after World War II show the greatest divide in judgment,                                       Hillary Parsons Dick
suggesting that post-War changes affected language attitudes and ideologies as strongly as it                                         University of Chicago
did other facets of Japanese life, such as education and government. However, the newfound                                   
tolerance for dialect arises only as modernity has erased a great deal of regional variation,
facilitating communication throughout Japan.                                                      Combining insights from transnational migration studies and the study of language and
                                                                                                  identity, this paper explores how communicative practices shape migration processes by
               Communities of practice and the meaning of variable use of                         examining a genre of discourse I call ‘cumulative complaint’. Frequently found in the
                   Word-initial gemination in Italian adolescents                                 discourse of Mexican migrants, ‘cumulative complaint’ is used by speakers to poetically
                                        Anna Boario                                               construe migration as the inevitable outcome of a set of hierarchically-organized normative
                                      University of Pavia                                         burdens. The paper focuses on two questions. First, how do instances of ‘cumulative
                                                               complaint’ interdiscursively link migrants in Mexico and the US while differentially
                                                                                                  positioning them within broader social fields? Second, how does such interdiscursive
Why do non-native adolescents living in Turin (Piedmont region, northern Italy) and               positioning affect speakers’ relationships to migration practices?
speaking Italian as their lingua franca use word-initial gemination (a phonological sandhi
process whose presence has never been attested in Piedmont)? I have collected my data for
two years as an observer/participant in many adolescent communities of practice of both

                                               11                                                                                                12
Deconstructing Mock Spanish: An anthropological analysis of mock Spanish as racism,                         ‘I cook, therefore I am’: a cross-cultural analysis of television cooking shows in
                                humor, or insult                                                                                          Romania and the U.S.
                                      Carla Breidenbach                                                                                       Alina C. Pajtek
                                      College of Charleston                                                                             Pennsylvania State University

The purpose of this paper is to question whether or not Mock Spanish (Hill 1993, 1995, 1998,           Drawing on Bourdieu’s (1984) dichotomy: the taste of necessity and taste of luxury, I analyze
2001a, b) is racist in all contexts. This poststructuralist analysis teases apart Mock Spanish as      constructs of class and culture through references to: time, ingredients, convenience, and taste
a phenomenon that allows a “floating” interpretation, either as racist or simply a form of             in TV cooking shows from Romania and the U.S. Although these shows reflect seemingly
humor. Though my analysis treats meaning as flexible (Hall 1996, Fenigsen 2005), I also                competing sets of values, what they share is an idealization of class, culture, and taste
assert that meaning can be “fixed” or “frozen” for a moment (Hall 1996) within the broader             preferences variably in concert and in conflict with broad issues of taste as embodied by the
structures of society such as ideologies, power, and knowledge, as well as socio-historical            larger viewing audiences to which they appeal.
                                                                                                                                  “She’s just a high-maintenance bitch”:
Saturday, May 10                                                                                                       Interpersonal drama and discourse continuity in reality TV
Session 1                                                                                                                                       Lal Zimman
Harvill Building, Room 305                                                                                                            University of Colorado at Boulder
      Staging Irish: The uses of an Irish English variety in and out of performance
                                       Madeleine Adkins                                                Discourse continuity, or the linking of utterances across time, is a fundamental organizing
                             University of California–Santa Barbara                                    principle of talk-in-interaction. This paper explores how the appearance of discourse
                                                                        continuity is created where none exists; specifically, in a reality television show. This
                                                                                                       program, “Flavor of Love,” is analyzed to show how producers create a cohesive narrative
Sociolinguists have analyzed mock and stylized language either as inauthentic, negative                from chunks of discontinuous talk. I describe two editing techniques that make this possible:
representations of minority communities (e.g. Hill 1998), or as humorous and political                 juxtaposition of footage that is thematically similar but temporally unrelated, and
representations of ethnic identities (Barrett 1999, Chun 2004). While researchers have                 manipulation of discourse in voice-over monologues. Furthermore, I argue that these
documented such use both in everyday life and in the media, its use in theatrical contexts has         techniques are key resources for enhancing interpersonal drama between contestants on this
been generally overlooked. In this paper, I explore both the history and the linguistic                show.
realization of “Stage Irish”, and argue that within this theatrical context, this type of theatrical
stylization demonstrates that linguistic performance can serve as a badge of professionalism                                     “We rep the CO, we get Mile High love”:
and membership in a very particular community.                                                                                  The authentication of a local hip-hop scene
                                                                                                                                                George Figgs
                                                                                                                                       University of Colorado–Boulder

                                                                                                       This paper explores how local rappers (MCs) and producers of an independently produced
                                                                                                       rap music radio program position the quality and authenticity of the local hip-hop scene of
                                                                                                       the greater Denver, CO region, or “Front Range”, in perspective within the national and

                                                 13                                                                                                    14
commercial hip-hop movement. As these individuals consider the local scene to be                     Confessional semiotics: the practice of reference in the performance of truth
overlooked or somewhat lesser in status to the national hip-hop scene, they cannot necessarily                                         E. Summerson Carr
appeal to the same ideologies that are used in larger markets. Rather, they appeal to qualities                                        University of Chicago
that are rooted locally, both in terms of the individuals involved in the culture and positive                                 
aspects of the community.
                                                                                                     Since its institution as a Sacrament by the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215, confession has
      Sociolinguistic identities in Australian youth subcultures: The case of hip hop                been a highly durable means by which Euro-American personhood has expressed itself.
                                       Renae O’Hanlon                                                Examining select post-Vatican II defenses of confession as particularly resonant if historically
                                    University of Queensland                                         specific metapragmatic texts, this paper explores the broad question: how do certain types of
                                                                        speech acts come to be seen as transparent reflections of the inner states of speakers? I argue
                                                                                                     that the felicitous confession is the product of specific semiotic process that renders spoken
Given a population of youth in Australia which is both culturally diverse and globally aware,        sins nothing more nor less than the transparent revelation of inner signs, already constituted
young performers in music subcultures are faced with complicated questions surrounding               as such.
linguistic choices in their performances. These choices are ultimately tied to identity factors.
An excellent example can be found in Australian Hip Hop, which is the focus of this paper.                                     A tropical retreat from the stress of Jihad:
Hip Hop performers in Australia are shown to engage with issues of identity construction and                          Rush Limbaugh, trope-ical attire and Guantánamo Bay
performance similar to those discussed in the global Hip Hop linguistics literature. Layers of                                              Robin Shoaps
local, national and global identities are interspersed with cultural and ethnic identities, all of                                       University of Chicago
which are played out through the linguistic behavior of the performers.                                                        

                    Westernity, Authenticity, Diversity and Nationalism:                             After the spring 2004 discovery and dissemination of the Abu Ghraib torture photographs, as
                      An Analysis of Selected Moroccan Rap Lyrics                                    journalists and others questioned the legal basis for Guantanamo Bay and the treatment of
                                         Samira Hassa                                                prisoners there, popular and controversial conservative talk radio host Rush Limbaugh
                                        Manhattan College                                            launched a section on his website dedicated to “Club G’itmo.” This portion of the website
                                                                 hawks “G’itmo Gear”—T shirts and baseball caps with messages such as “Your tropical
                                                                                                     retreat from the stress of Jihad.” There is a photo gallery where Limbaugh fans post
In this paper, I analyze the presence of western culture and Moroccan/Arab Moslem culture            photographs of themselves wearing G’itmo Gear. In this paper I demonstrate how the
in the lyrics of two albums by two popular Moroccan rap groups, Fnaire and H. Kayne. The             semiotic value of these products and listener-submitted photos involves the strategic
topics evoked in these albums include unemployment, women’s rights, poverty, HIV, war,               recontextualization of tropes and visual genres from a variety of sources: from Club Med
drugs, prostitution and a love for Morocco and its culture. The lyrics celebrate traditional         vacation spots and family vacation photos to orange prison garb—making them a powerful
Moroccan culture and values, reinforcing Moroccan identity and weakening the impact of               tools for Limbaugh’s listeners to cast themselves as besieged in a “culture war” over
western culture. On the other hand, rappers in Morocco are blending western hip-hop                  American values.
rhythms with traditional Moroccan songs, and the clothing style of these rappers--large
T-shirts, baggy pants, baseball hats and chains--imitates the Western hip-hop clothing style,
which suggests an ambiguity between a desire to emulate western rap/hip hop and an
emerging nationalism that is uniquely Moroccan.

                                                15                                                                                                  16
     Recoiling from reference: language ideologies among “emerging” evangelicals               attempting to forge shared identities of Kenyan nationalism that attempted to meld different
                                    James S. Bielo                                             ethnic experiences, creating hybrid identities (Samper 2002) rather than continuing to see
                                Michigan State University                                      different ethnic groups as diametrically opposed, polarized entities. This hybridity affects
                                                                     mother tongue because it is accomplished through Sheng.

A curious phenomenon is occurring among American Evangelicals: the adoption of “ancient”                      Talk of the Nation: Pidgin English in Nigeria’s New Capital
practices (e.g., lectio divina) alongside, or instead of, more typically Protestant forms of                                         Rudolf P. Gaudio
worship. This is central to THE current debate among Evangelicals, the appearance of the                                          Purchase College, SUNY
“Emerging Church” and the possibility of a “postmodern Christianity.” I use historical and                           
ethnographic data to argue that this surprising trend is ultimately a matter of language
ideology. I outline two theories of signification at play in Evangelicalism—one emphasizing    Official discourses celebrate Abuja, Nigeria’s 30-year-old capital city, as a gleaming symbol
language’s fundamental inadequacy, and another touting language’s Divine heritage—and          of national unity and modernity. The English language is a central element in this
suggest that “Emerging” Evangelicals have forsaken the latter for the former.                  iconography, reflecting elite and aspiring Nigerians’ eagerness to prosper in the global
                                                                                               economy. Yet most of Abuja’s residents use Nigerian Pidgin English (NPE) to communicate
   Listening to the languages of South Africa: Students’ rights to their own language          across ethnic and linguistic lines. This paper outlines a project exploring the ideological
                                     Marcelle Mentor                                           stances indexed by the ways speakers use and talk about NPE, paying particular to ideologies
                           Teachers College, Columbia University                               of Nigerian nationhood and the country’s contradictory location in the political, economic,
                                                                    racial and cultural landscapes of globalization.

With the fall of Apartheid, and the first democratic elections of 1994, the South African      Saturday, May 10
constitution made provision for eleven official languages. Today in a post-Apartheid           Session 2
environment, with a democracy of only 14 years old, English is considered the lingua franca    Harvill Building, Room 415
by many South Africans because it is increasingly the language of commerce and
development. What has given this status to the English language? Why would people rather                                 Diachronic Verb Movements in Chinese
be educated in English as opposed to learning in their mother-tongue? Much has to do with                                                  Ke Zou
South Africa’s colonial history and how language was and continues to be associated with                                    California State University–East Bay
political domination, identity and labels attached to groups of peoples.                                                 

Implications of the Kenyan political situation on indigenous language endangerment:            There occurred two verb movements when the Early Modern Chinese evolved into the
how you can tell Gwen Thompkins of NPR was not interviewing young Kenyans in 2007              Modern Chinese. One preposes a verb signifying the direction of the main verb action, and
                                    Heidi Orcutt-Gachiri                                       the other preposes a verb clarifying the direction of such an action regarding the speaker’s
                                    University of Arizona                                      position. This paper attempts to account for the two verb movements by projecting three VPs
                                                            with the three verbs as heads and rendering their semantic relations as verb-complementation
                                                                                               relations between the main verb, the first directional VP and second directional VP. With this
In pre-election reporting of the December 27, 2007, presidential election, NPR reporter Gwen   structural analysis, the two verb movements can be simply captured by verb-raising and
Tompkins spoke with Kenyans of different ethnic backgrounds. There was a significant           NP-movement.
difference between what her interviewees were saying about ethnicity and what the young
people I worked with in two high schools in 2004 had said. The young people were often

                                               17                                                                                             18
       Strategic Bivalency and Indexical Order among the Bái of Southwest China                         argument structure of roots are also discussed.
                                    Brook Hefright
                                 University of Michigan                                                         Data from English s-retraction suggest a solution to the actuation problem
                                                                                          Adam Baker, University of Arizona,
                                                                                                                      Diana Archangeli, University of Arizona,
My work explores literacy practices among the Bái ethnic group of southwest China’s                                         Jeff Mielke, University of Ottawa,
Yúnnán Province. Drawing on texts in which Bái speakers represent their language in
Chinese characters, I demonstrate how writers choose characters to selectively background               The actuation problem has remained outstanding in the theory of sound change since it was
lexical similarities between Bái and Chinese. This analysis is theoretically informed by                identified by Weinreich, Labov, and Herzog (1968). We present data from American English
Woolard’s (1999) concept of ‘‘strategic bivalency’’ and Silverstein’s (1996) concept of                 s-retraction that suggest a solution. We argue that phonetic effects common to a community
‘‘indexical order’’: through strategic representation of lexemes common to both languages,              of speakers should not be expected to produce change, since phonetic effects cannot become
writers mark their texts as essentially Bái while demonstrating competence in Chinese. In this          correlated with social variables. On the other hand, speaker-specific phonetic effects can
way, Bái writers simultaneously assert their ethnic identity while claiming cultural citizenship        become correlated to social variables, which can initiate sound change. Since such
in China.                                                                                               correlations are predicted statistically to be relatively rare, it is not surprising to find
                                                                                                        divergent phonological developments in languages.
                      Roots, concepts, and the canonical use constraint
                                         Heidi Harley                                                                 A choice function approach to English Jeopardy game questions
                                      University of Arizona                                                                                    Yosuke Sato
                                                                                                         University of Arizona
In recent syntactic theorizing, some proposals reminiscent of discredited theories from the
early 1970s have become current again. For example, in work from 1993- 2002, Ken Hale                   This talk investigates the syntax and semantics of English Jeopardy Game Questions. This
and Jay Keyser have argued that denominal verbs like English ‘paint’ and ‘corral’ in                    type of question not only exhibits a spectacular range of structural and interpretive properties
sentences like “John painted the wall” or “Amy corralled the horse” have a ‘hidden’ syntactic           that would not be captured by movement-based treatments of wh-questions but also allows us
structure like [John v [the wall [P paint]] or [Amy v [the horse [P corral]]], with rough glosses       to tease apart predictions of several competing semantic theories of in-situ phrases as
like ‘John caused the wall (to be) with paint’ or ‘Amy caused the horse (to be) in the corral’.         presented in Kratzer 1998/Matthewson 1999 and Reinhart 1997, 1998, 2006/Winter 1997.
Many of the objections to the original ‘decompositional’ proposals have been answered in the            Specifically, arguments based on the obligatory widest scope and the context-sensitive
literature, but some remain. In particular, the ‘canonical use’ constraint remains unaddressed.         behavior of in-situ interrogative demonstratives suggest that the Kratzer/Matthewson-style
The CUC consists in the observation that ‘John caused the wall to have paint on it’ could               variant of the choice function approach is the proper treatment of English game show
happen in any old way (e.g. he spills paint accidentaly on it) but ‘John painted the wall’ has to       questions.
happen in a canonical, ‘painting’ fashion. I address this question by considering the
interpretive constraints on bare N constructions in English. Contrast, “I went to school” with                                       Face, line and subjectivity in language
“I went to the school”. In the former, CUC effects appear: the speaker is going to school for                                                    Greg Thompson
educational purposes; in the latter, the school is just a location that is the destination of travel,                                          University of Chicago
and the speaker might be going for any old reason. These cases show that the CUC is a                                              
constraint on the interpretation of bare Ns not a constraint on these denominal verbs
specifically. Evidence from bare N constructions in other languages, with or without                    The data for this paper are taken from a tutoring interaction. These data are considered in
incorporation, is presented to support the conclusion. Broader considerations about the                 light of Goffman’s face-work theory, demonstrating how line and face are realized in the

                                                 19                                                                                                       20
course of working through the tutoring interaction, and the consequences of this face-work.                                             Blackfoot Lullabies
This paper takes a broad approach to the array of linguistic features that contribute to line and                                         Mizuki Miyashita
face. In this interaction the most salient means for line and face-work were: prosody                                                  University of Montana
(Couper-Kuhlen & Selting 1996), ascriptions of principalship via question form and                                       
participant deixis (Goffman 1981, Wortham 1996), and discourse markers (Schiffrin 1987,
Kockelman 2003).                                                                                    This paper describes five lullabies in Blackfoot, an Algonquian language spoken in Alberta,
                                                                                                    Canada and northwestern Montana. These lullabies were collected from my own fieldwork.
                               Kirtan: Chanting is Materiality                                      This paper provides: (i) a general song description including English free translation and
                                      A. Ashley Stinnett                                            musical notation of rhythm and melodies, (ii) an interlinear analysis of the lyrics, and (iii) a
                                     University of Arizona                                          phonological and morphological description of the lyrics. Very few Blackfoot lullabies have
                                                                been collected, and no study provides linguistic description or interlinear analysis. This study
                                                                                                    contributes not only to linguistic research but also to the language revitalization efforts of
Kirtan, mantric chanting, contributes to understandings of materiality and semiotics in that        members of the Blackfeet tribe.
the fundamental socio-cultural notions embedded in the physical sound directly informs
participant’s spiritual practices and bodily knowledge. Principle to these understandings,                Variable patterns of tag and ‘pseudo’ tag questions used by student attorneys
devotees believe that the vibratory aspects of sound in mantric chanting become materialized                                                 in a mock trial
as physical object and contain healing power. The hierarchical nature of yogic chanting, the                                              Joon-Beom Chu
social legitimacy surrounding such beliefs and the agency enacted by the participants                                                    University of Arizona
contextualize the framework within which Kirtan is enacted. Embedded within a larger set of                                   
Hindu-istic spiritual beliefs, the bundled semiotic practices of Kirtan function to build a sense
of spirituality, community, power and healing.                                                      This presentation will examine the use of tag questions by law students in mock trial
                                                                                                    conducted in a trial advocacy course. It will focus on the correlation between the use of tag
Singing the Word: Language and interaction in the hymns of Q’eqchi’-Maya Catholics                  questions and the student-attorney’s effectiveness in examining a witness. The presentation
                                   Eric Hoenes del Pinal                                            argues that tags and pseudo-tags have a privileged semiotic status in the framework of
                              University of California–San Diego                                    attorney-witness communications in court proceedings. Both attorneys and witnesses have a
                                                                    “reflexive” grasp of this semiotic value and hold each other accountable for perceived
                                                                                                    violations of this norm.
The performance of hymns is a point of contention in a low-level, but tense language
                                                                                                           Ideological diversity in spoken law: Massachusetts judges’ jury instructions
ideological debate between Charismatic and Mainstream Q’eqchi’-Maya Catholics about
                                                                                                                                            John Curran
what counts as legitimate religious action, how one should behave in church, and what
                                                                                                                                     George Washington University
constitutes piety. In this paper I analyze two key aspects of Q’eqchi’-Maya Catholics’ hymns:
1) the choice of linguistic code (Spanish or Q’eqchi’) in which hymns are sung; and 2) the
differing bodily actions and dispositions that signal appropriate ritual action, to show that
                                                                                                    The practice of instructing juries on “what the law is” evinces differences in judges’ beliefs of
each group creates a different interactional frameworks for ritual and, by extension, its own
                                                                                                    what “plain language” is, which are instantiated by different presentations of fundamental
mode of religious subjectivity.
                                                                                                    legal concepts. This paper examines 5 Massachusetts judges’ instructions in 11 civil trials.
                                                                                                    The analysis shows that language ideologies tied to fundamental conceptions of the justice
                                                                                                    system differentially inform judges’ decisions to animate, index, and reframe some sources of
                                                                                                    written law and not others. These findings extend Philips’s (1998) work by illustrating how

                                               21                                                                                                   22
trial judges exploit the “intertextual gap” among written and spoken genres of law to               Hyper-gendered language in translation: Language ideology seen in Gone with the Wind
negotiate, appropriate, and challenge institutional authority and ideologies.                                 Mie Hiramoto, University of Hawai’i at Mānoa,
                                                                                                                James Diekema, University of Arizona,
               Linguistic Evidence for Cognitive Mapping as a Reflection of
                               Environmental Offense Behavior                                       Standard Japanese (SJ) is an ideological construct associated with a certain group of
                                   Blake Stephen Howald                                             speakers—urban, educated, middle-class—and this variety is reserved for Caucasian
                                   Georgetown University                                            characters belonging to southern-aristocrat families in Gone with the Wind. Following Och’s
                                                                      (1990) model of indexicality, use of SJ serves to directly index the characters’ standardness,
                                                                                                    and therefore to indirectly index ideal feminininty/masculinity associated with SJ. This study
Although linguistic analysis of violent crime from institutionalized data is, arguably, limited     provides linguistic evidence that the use of SJ in translation is based on socioeconomic
by a lack of naturalness, fresh perspectives are engendered by insights provided by linguistic      distribution rather than actual linguistic distribution. Attention to the linguistic representation
anthropology. Relying on Philips (1998), I extract narratives from the guilty plea of a serial      of southern-dialect speakers in the story underscores the salient Japanese language ideology.
murderer and analyze the variance of spatial reference and description (Levinson 1996)
therein. In addition to supplementing research on cognitive mapping and spatio-temporality                                      Now introducing “Grass in her hair”:
in narratives generally (Herman 2001), the results contribute to refining geographic                                   delineating native, gay, and two-spirit identity in drag
profiling—a predictive model of serial crime investigation—by revealing a consistent,                                                       Jenny L Davis
victim-centered, spatial narrative template which reflects the offending behavior.                                                  University of Colorado–Boulder
Sunday, May 11
Session 1                                                                                           This paper interrogates how members of a Two-spirit group articulate the many facets of their
Harvill Building, Room 305                                                                          identity by simultaneously aligning with and diverging from mainstream discourses regarding
                                                                                                    sexuality and gender during two events, which occur at the two national Two-spirit gatherings.
                    The Global Circulation of Feminist Peace Discourse                              I examine how the visual and linguistic tools utilized during the drag shows, which are
                                     Jess P. Weinberg                                               temporally juxtaposed with traditional ceremonies and dances, act not only to delineate the
                                 New Mexico State University                                        participants from mainstream cultures- both White and gay but also maintain Two-spirit
                                                                         identity as “a spiritual way of walking”, which draws on tradition, and more than “just gay
In this paper I analyze the social circulation of discourse among feminist peace networks
through an examination of the decontextualizations and recontextualizations of speeches                Inglés Sin Barreras…el programa que se hace parte de la conversación en este pais
delivered to the UN Security Council by representatives of the Palestinian NGO Jerusalem                [English without barriers…the program that makes you part of the conversation
Center for Women (JCW) and the JCW’s Israeli partner NGO Bat Shalom. Drawing on a                               in this country]: commodification, language learning, and the nation
combination of ethnographic data and internet discourse, I consider the intertextual interplay                                              Char Ullman
of the speeches’ local (Israeli/Palestinian) specificities with the globalizing ideologies of the                                     University of Texas–El Paso
transnational feminist networks that recirculate the speeches.                                                                   

                                                                                                    This paper explores discourses of language and the nation that are embedded in the English
                                                                                                    language program (DVDs, CDs, and books), Inglés Sin Barreras. Inglés Sin Barreras is the
                                                                                                    most advertised commodity on Spanish-language TV. Mentioned in Spanish rap songs, joked

                                                23                                                                                                  24
about on the popular variety show, Sabado Gigante, it is a pop-culture phenomenon.                 generational positionality from moment to moment.
Analyzing the program itself, I put these data in conversation with ethnographic data from
migrants who have consumed the program and its advertising. The goal is to explore the ways                         Language revitalization and the challenge of disjunctures
in which theories of consumption and language ideology might be more interrelated than had                                                Barbra A. Meek
been previously imagined.                                                                                                               University of Michigan
Sunday, May 11
Session 2                                                                                          Historically in situations of language loss, endangered languages were acquired in the home,
Harvill Buiding, Room 415                                                                          and dominant languages were learned at school. Today the reverse is primarily true. While
                                                                                                   many of these institutionally-mediated practices create spaces for endangered languages, they
                           Reflexivity in multimedia ethnography                                   also disrupt the ways in which people speak them; creating “sociolinguistic disjunctures”
                                       Lars Hinrichs                                               (Meek forthcoming). Likewise, the various ideologies underscoring these practices can result
                                 University of Texas –Austin                                       in disjuncture. In this paper, I examine the various entanglements emerging through such
                                                                  collaborations and the sociolinguistic disjunctures that complicate Kaska language
                                                                                                   revitalization efforts. These disjunctures, while perhaps benign in non-endangered language
Ethnographies with a linguistic interest are turning to video as an additional channel of data     contexts, can seriously affect the maintenance and survival of a threatened language.
collection, complementing the more traditional modes of observation, interview, audio
recording, etc. Researchers are aware that the presence of a video camera on scene intensifies             Modeling simultaneous convergence and divergence of linguistic features
observer's paradox, yet experience shows that the quality of data obtained is often                                   between differently-identifying groups in contact
extraordinary.                                                                                                   Andrew Wedel, University of Arizona,
 I use video data that were gathered as part of an ongoing ethnography on the language of                            Heather Van Volkinburg, Columbia University,
Caribbean Canadians to illustrate strengths and weaknesses of video as an ethnographic tool.
For better or worse, video guarantees that any documented interaction has strong performative      Within a dynamical systems model of language production and processing, we use simulation
elements.                                                                                          to investigate factors that could result in simultaneous convergence and divergence of
                                                                                                   features in differently-identifying groups in contact. We show that a model including (i)
                      Mocking accents, monitoring politicized selves:                              lower-level mechanisms promoting featural convergence, such as the perceptual magnet
         How Muslim American women use humor to mediate charged identities                         effect, and (ii) a hypothesized higher-level tendency to produce recognizably group-identified
                                        Maisa C. Taha                                              speech result in specific divergence against a background of general convergence.
                                     University of Arizona                                         Interestingly, we find that preferential imitation of in-group speech is not sufficient to drive
                                                                    divergence. Instead, speakers must preferentially imitate tokens that can be positively
                                                                                                   identified with the in-group.
This study examines mock accents as a resource for working through subjectivities that have
come under political and social scrutiny. Since 9/11, Muslim women are called upon to
explain their religious identities and practices. I examine narratives recorded during young
women’s halaqa, or study circle, meetings at a mosque in the Southwestern United States to
show that by mocking fathers’ accents, young Muslim American women address anxiety over
their presumed subordination to male relatives and establish agentive discursive subjectivities.
Mocking provides the means to flexibly manage speakers’ religious, gendered, racial, and

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Positions of the Student Union (May 9—8:00 am to 5:00 p.m.)

May 9, 5:30 pm, Film Festival—Haury Building, Room 216

May 10 and 11—Harvill Building, Rooms 305 and 415
Student Union

                            May 10
                            and 11

                           Student Union
                           May 9
Haury Building
Film Festival, Room 216,
5:30 pm, May 9
Friday, May 9, 2008
Copper Room (4th level in Student Union)
Kiva Room (2nd level in Student Union)

                                           Copper Room

                                            Kiva Room
Contact Information of Organizers

Heidi Harley      
Norma Mendoza-Denton
Heidi Orcutt-Gachiri
Chen-chun E       
Sarah Weismuller  


We would like to acknowledge our sponsors: Social and Behavioral Sciences Unit Research
Activity Funding; John Olsen, Department of Anthropology; Mike Hammond, Department of
Linguistics; and Ken Houser, Managing Principal of Arizona, and Elizabeth Perry, Managing
Principal of Utah, SWCA Environmental Consultants.

We would also like to acknowledge the many people who helped in this conference. Cathy
Snider, Ellen Stamp, Norma Maynard, Deborah Clelland, and Catherine Lehman, Department of
Anthropology. Jennie Bradley, Marian Wiseley, Jennifer Columbus, and Kimberley Young,
Department of Linguistics.

We also had many student volunteers, who offered a great deal of help with webpage design,
podcasting, registration, moderating in sessions, housing, transportation, room/equipment
reservation, document filing, stuff purchasing, party organization, photocopying, and much
immediate assistance. Many thanks to the following volunteers:
Adam Baker, Amy Fountain, Alexandra Trueman, Angie Canavan, Ashley Stinnett, Carly Tex,
Dainon Woudstra, Jae Hoon Choi, Elizabeth Specker, Jeff Berry, Jenny Merritt, Joon-Boem Chu,
Joseph Parks, Kara Hawthorne, Kara Johnson, Kyu-Sang Park, Lance LaRue, Lisa Newon, Laura
Bjorndahl, Lori Labotka, Maisa Taha, Melanie Medeiros, Monica Young, Phil Cash Cash, Peter
Norquest, Stephanie Sams, Sunjing Ji, Ufuk Coskun, Vanessa Loya, Vija Garcia-Dixon, William
LaFleur, and Yosuke Sato.

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