Docstoc

Learning Styles and Teaching Methods

Document Sample
Learning Styles and Teaching Methods Powered By Docstoc
					D. Kelly Learning Styles

Learning Styles and Teaching Methods
Dr. Diana K. Kelly Positive and Negative Learning Experiences • Previous positive or negative learning experiences are often the direct result of a match or mismatch between the students' preferred learning style and the teaching style of the teacher. In general, students who learn by listening to lectures and reading tend to do well in university. Often they go on to become lecturers who tend to use the same traditional "lecture and reading" methods that they preferred as learners. Those who have different learning style preferences tend not to do well in university and often do not understand why. For instance, those who learn through using physical movement may do well in courses that include physical activity, but poorly in courses that are lecture-intensive. You'll often notice these students because they may be fidgeting, moving around, or doing seemingly unrelated activities with their hands or feet. Most teachers do not realize that, rather than distracting the student, the physical movement actually helps them to learn.

•

•

Perceptual Learning Styles Inventory • As a lecturer, it is important to recognize your own learning style preferences so that you will understand how your own preferences may be quite different from the learning style preferences of your students. In addition, it may be helpful to know how your own learning style influences the teaching methods you prefer to use. It is important for students to recognize which learning styles they prefer to use so that they might have a better understanding of their own preferences. Through a better understanding of learning styles, students may begin to strengthen other modes of learning which may not come naturally to them. In this way, they might be more successful in any learning situation, regardless of the teaching style. If you would like to find out about the variety of learning style preferences among your students, and if you would like to help students to understand more about how they learn, you may want to consider having your students use the "Perceptual Learning Styles Inventory." It takes about five minutes to administer and about another five minutes for students to score. A brief discussion of learning styles following the Learning Styles Inventory will let students know that you care about how they learn and that you will try to meet their needs. More importantly, such a discussion will validate all learning styles and let everyone know that one learning style is not better than another. However, it is important for students to realize that they are likely to do better in most college if they consciously develop a variety of learning styles more fully (particularly aural, print, and interactive). Through a discussion of learning styles students will understand that everyone is capable of learning, but they may feel most comfortable learning in different ways.

•

•

•

1

D. Kelly Learning Styles

How to Use a Variety of Teaching Methods to Address Different Learning Styles • It is generally a good idea to vary the mode of learning about every 20 minutes. This causes students to use different styles of learning and reinforces learning even for those who prefer listening to lectures. Some learning styles will be more comfortable than others for different students. By varying the mode of learning fairly frequently, students will pay closer attention and are likely to become more involved in learning. To this end, it is a good idea to think of several different methods to use during each lecture -- and to think about which learning modes would be most effective to help students learn each topic of the course. 1. Lecture meets the needs of aural learners: those who learn by listening.   Lecture supplemented with visuals meets the needs of both aural and visual learners (those who learn best by seeing pictures or demonstrations). Lecture supplemented with printed handouts, or a printed lecture outline on an overhead transparency or on the board meets the needs of both aural and print learners (those who learn by reading printed words). "Print" learners also like to learn by taking notes during lectures or presentations. Lecture supplemented with a Question and Answer session, or a "punctuated" lecture in which the instructor poses a question to students every few minutes during the lecture, meets the needs of aural and interactive learners (those who learn by talking it out).

•



2. Reading Assignments meet the needs of print learners. 3. Writing Exercises meet the needs of print learners. 4. Demonstrations meet the needs of aural and visual learners. 5. Videotapes and films meet the needs of aural and visual learners.  If followed with a discussion, these also meet the needs of interactive learners. 6. Discussions, small group discussions, paired activities, and debates meet the needs of interactive learners. 7. Question and Answer sessions meet the needs of interactive learners.  If students are asked to write down their questions before asking, this will also meet the needs of print learners. 8. Role-playing Activities meet the needs of interactive learners.  If the students must move around as a part of the role play, "kinesthetic" learners (those who learn through physical movement) will also benefit. 9. Physical Activities including field trips, physical games, walking up to the board to write answers, and other movement are preferred by kinesthetic learners.

2

D. Kelly Learning Styles

10. Hands-on activities in which students actually get to touch materials or use equipment meet the needs of "haptic" learners: those who learn through their sense of touch. 11. Construction activities including building objects are preferred by "haptic" learners. 12. Visual art activities such as photography, using a video camera, drawing and painting are preferred by visual and haptic learners. 13. Using scented materials (eg: in lab sessions) helps "olfactory" learners: those who learn through their sense of smell and taste.

Learning Styles Websites

Keirsey Temperament and Character Web Site http://keirsey.com Learning Modalities, Styles, and Strategies http://www.fln.vcu.edu/Intensive/LearningStrategies.html Learning Style Inventory, Hawaii http://www.hcc.hawaii.edu/intranet/committees/FacDevCom/guidebk/teachtip/lernstyl.htm Learning Styles links (Indiana State University Center for Teaching and Learning) http://www-isu.indstate.edu/ctl/styles/ls1.html Multiple Intelligence Inventory http://snow.utoronto.ca/Learn2/introll.html The Institute for Learning Styles Research, Inc. http://www.learningstyles.org TIP Concepts - Learning Styles http://www.gwu.edu/~tip/styles.html

3


				
DOCUMENT INFO
pptfiles pptfiles
About