Twelve channel thermocouple (EGTCHT) indicator

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					                                                                            TC-3
                                                                            Twelve channel thermocouple
                                                                            (EGT/CHT) indicator

                                                                            Operating Manual – English 1.00




Introduction
The TC-3 thermocouple display unit is a 12 channel 3 1/8” instrument that contains all the features necessary to monitor
EGT’s and CHT’s. The TC3 can be configured to display up to 12 thermocouples in an easy to read bargraph format.

The TC-3’s high accuracy is due to it’s built in thermocouple linearization curves and cold junction compensation
techniques. Common J, K or E type thermocouple probes are supported.

In addition the TC3 has an individual programmable EGT and CHT alarm with an external output that can switch an
external visual alarm indicator such as a lamp. Maximum temperature for each thermocouple is recorded in permanent
memory and is also indicated by a solid line above that thermocouples bar graph.

The TC3 also features a built in engine leaning facility which allows the pilot to optimize the fuel mixture according to peak
EGT temperatures as well as a cruise mode facility to provide instant identification of changing EGT/CHT trends.

Temperatures can be displayed in degrees Celsius or degrees Fahrenheit from -100ºC to 1200ºC (-148ºF to 2192ºF).


1 Features
    •   12 Channel thermocouple display unit
    •   Supports J, K and E thermocouple probes
    •   Temperatures can be displayed in degrees Celsius or degrees Fahrenheit from -100 ºC to 1200ºC (-148ºF
         to 2192ºF)
    •   High accuracy: Built in thermocouple linearization curves and cold junction compensated
    •   Maximum temperature for each thermocouple is recorded in permanent memory and indicated by a solid
         line above the thermocouples bar graph
    •   Engine leaning function according to peak EGT temperatures
    •   Engine cruise mode to instantly identify changing EGT/CHT trends
    •   Standard 3 1/8” aircraft enclosure (can be front or rear mounted)
    •   Rotary control plus 2 independent buttons for easy menu navigation and user input
    •   External alarm output as well as a red LED illuminates when the programmable alarm has been activated
    •   Large backlit graphic LCD with adjustable contrast
    •   Wide input supply voltage range of 8 to 30V DC with built in voltage reversal and over voltage protection
        for harsh electrical environments
    •   Light weight design
TC-3 Operating manual                                                                                       Page 2


2 TC-3 Layout                                           LED Alarm:
                                                        The red LED will illuminate if any of
                                                        the temperatures monitored exceeds
                                                        the corresponding alarm set point
   Backlit Graphic LCD Display:
   Contrast and backlight can be adjusted
   in the menu system
                                                                                          Harnesses:
                                                                                          Harnesses connect to
                                                                                          power and thermocouples



 Up/F1 Button:
 Up button in menu system
 Enable/disable engine Leaning                                                            Down/F2 Button:
 mode during the normal display                                                           Down button in menu system
 mode                                                                                     Enable/disable cruise mode
                                                                                          during the normal display
                                                                                          mode




                             Rotary Control (Up/Down) & Enter Button:
                             Press the rotary control during normal mode to access the menu system.
                             Rotate anti/clockwise for up/down menu scrolling. During normal mode
                             rotating the rotary anti/clockwise will display the maximum values recorded.




3 Main Display
                                                                                   CHT Value:
                       EGT Value:                                                  Indicates highest value if
                       Indicates highest value if                                  “Highest” is selected or the
                       “Highest” is selected or          Temperature               highlighted bar value if “Scan”
                       the highlighted bar value         display unit              is selected
                       if “Scan” is selected
                                                                                                  CHT group
     EGT group                                                                                    indicator
     indicator


                                                                                           CHT alarm level
     EGT alarm level


      Maximum temperature
      reached indicator                                                                  Maximum temperature
                                                                                         reached indicator
TC-3 Operating manual                                                                                    Page 3

3.1 Permanent maximum values display
This display can be accessed by rotating the rotary control either clockwise or anticlockwise. Pressing the F1 key will
reset the permanent maximum values to the current temperature values. Pressing any other key will return the TC-3 to
the normal display mode.



                                         Note: The permanent maximum values are stored in non-
                                         volatile memory and are recalled on power-up.




3.2 Engine leaning mode
                                 EGT information is also very useful for fuel mixture control. As the fuel mixture is
                                 leaned, so the exhaust gasses get hotter. This rise in temperature is a sign of
                                 increased combustion efficiency as the optimum mixture setting is approached. If the
                                 leaning progresses past a certain point however, the temperature will begin to drop.
                                 This temperature drop is the result of reduced energy output from the diminished fuel
                                 flow. The best operating mixture for aircraft engines is in the vicinity of this peak EGT
                                 reading. The TC-3 has a special Leaning mode, which easily identifies the peak EGT
                                 condition allowing you to adjust your fuel mixture for best performance.

                                 Fuel mixture should be adjusted once you have decided on a suitable cruise power
                                 setting (typically 70%). Press the Up/F1 key at the main display to enable the leaning
                                 mode. The "LEAN MODE" label is displayed at the bottom of the main display to
                                 clearly differentiate it from the normal operating mode.

                                 As the fuel mixture is slowly leaned past the point at which the temperature begins to
                                 drop (by more than 10°C/15°F), the absolute EGT temperatures will change to show
                                 the EGT reading relative to this peak. The sequential order as each cylinder peaks is
                                 also shown.

                                 Leaning mode can be cancelled by pressing the Up/F1 key.




3.3 Engine cruise mode
                                 Once in the cruise, pressing the Down/F2 key will immediately enable Cruise Mode.
                                 The "CRUISE MODE" label is displayed at the bottom of the main display to clearly
                                 differentiate it from the normal operating mode. All EGT and CHT readings are
                                 immediately sampled as reference temperatures for the cruise.

                                 The display then shows EGT and CHT values relative to this reference temperature.

                                 Cruise mode can be cancelled by pressing the Down/F2 key.
TC-3 Operating manual                                                                                 Page 4


4 Menu System
The TC-3 will enter the menu system by pressing the rotary control button during the normal display mode. Use the
up/down keys or the rotary control to navigate through the menu system




4.1 Exit Menu
                      Press the rotary control on this menu item to exit the menu system. All changes made during
                      navigation of the menu system will be saved in non-volatile memory on exiting the menu system.
                      If you remove power before exiting the menu the instrument will not save any changes.




4.2 Display Setup




                      Move the highlight over this menu item and press the rotary button to return to the main menu




                                             Select this menu option to adjust the display contrast




                      Select this menu option to turn the backlight on and off



                      Select whether you want the temperature to be displayed in degrees Celsius (ºC) or degrees
                      Fahrenheit (ºF).




4.3 EGT / CHT Setup
TC-3 Operating manual                                                                                Page 5

Only “EGT SETUP” is shown below, follow the same steps for CHT setup

                   Move the highlight over this menu option and press the rotary button to return to the “TC Setup”
                   menu.



                   Select the number of EGT or CHT channels you want to use. Choices are from 1 to 12. The
                   temperature display will configure itself to make best possible use of the available display size.
                   Please note that the minimum number of EGT & CHT channels that can be displayed is 1 and
                   the maximum number of EGT and CHT channels that can be displayed is 12.


       Note: CHT channels will following on from the EGT channels on the DB25 connector eg: If only
       2 EGT and 2 CHT channels are selected then the 1st EGT channel will be at pins 1 & 14 , 2 nd EGT
       Channel 2 & 15, 1st CHT Channel 3 & 16 and 2nd CHT channel 4 &17.




                   This function sets the top end of your temperature bar graph. It has no effect on the actual
                   temperature range that can be displayed in the digital temperature readout. Select the range to
                   be just higher than the highest temperature you expect to measure using this channel.


                   Select this function to “ON” if you want the bar graph display to show the upper half of the
                   temperature range only. This results in a higher resolution of the temperature range you may be
                   interested in. For engine temperature measurements we recommend that you set this to “ON”.


                   Adjust the temperature that you would like to use as an alarm limit. Any temperature above this
                   limit will activate the alarm. Active alarms will flash the affected channel and also activate the
                   alarm contact that you can use to switch a lamp on.



                   Select whether you want to turn the alarm on or off. To avoid false activation of the alarms, the
                   alarm function is only activated 10 seconds after the instrument has powered up.



                   Select if you are using a K-type, J-type or E-type thermocouple probe for this channel. All probes
                   supplied by MGL Avionics are K-Type. J-types are sometimes used with American made CHT
                   probes. All EGT probes are K-type. E-type probes are seldom used.

                   A selection between “HIGHEST” or “SCANNING” can be selected. If “HIGHEST “is selected then
                   the current highest thermocouple temperature is displayed. If “SCANNING” is selected then the
                   unit will       cycle through each thermocouple at the time specified in “SCAN TIME”.



                   Specify the time that each of the channels must be displayed for. This menu option is only shown
                   if “SCANNING” is selected for the display mode.
TC-3 Operating manual                                                                                     Page 6


5 Loading factory default settings
                                   Pressing and holding the F1 and F2 keys simultaneously during power up will cause
                                   the TC-3 to load preprogrammed factory default settings. The following screen will be
                                   displayed:




6 Operating the alarms
If the alarm is activated, the corresponding item on the display will flash. At the same time the externally available alarm
switch will close. The switch will remain closed until any button is pressed to acknowledge the alarm or until the
condition(s) that activated the alarm no longer exist. The alarm output can be used to switch an external alarm indicator.
The external alarm switch is an open collector transistor switch to ground with a maximum rating of 0.5A DC. It is possible
to wire the alarm contacts of several Stratomaster instruments in parallel should this be desired. To avoid false activation
of the alarms, the alarm function is only active 10 seconds after the instrument has powered up.


7 Cleaning
The unit should not be cleaned with any abrasive substances. The screen is very sensitive to certain cleaning materials
and should only be cleaned using a clean, damp cloth.


              Warning: The TC-3 is not waterproof, serious damage could occur if the unit is exposed to water
              and/or spray jets.




8 TC-3 Specifications
Operating Temperature Range                  -10ºC to 50ºC (14ºF to 122ºF)
Storage Temperature Range                    -20ºC to 80ºC (-4ºF to 176ºF)
Humidity                                     <85% non-condensing
                                             8 to 30Vdc SMPS (switch mode power supply) with built in 33V over voltage
Power Supply
                                             and reverse voltage protection
Current Consumption                          Approx. 45mA @ 13.8V (backlight on) 15mA @13.8V (backlight off)
                                             128x64 graphic LCD display. Contrast and backlight is user configurable,
Display
                                             green/yellow backlight
ADC                                          12bit over sampled successive approximation
Dimensions                                   see Velocity series dimensional drawing
Enclosure                                    3 1/8” ABS, black in color, front or rear mounting
Weight                                       Approx. 214 grams
Non-volatile memory storage                  100000 write cycles
Thermocouples                                K-type, J-type or E-type
Channels                                     1 to 12 independent channels
                                             J-Type/K-Type: -100ºC to 1200ºC (-148ºF to 2192ºF)
Measurement range
                                             E-Type: -100ºC to 900ºC (-148ºF to 1652ºF)
                                             Fully cold junction compensated using precision internal temperature
Technology
                                             reference, built in thermocouple linearization tables
                                             +/- 5 degrees typical over full temperature range, subject to quality of probe
Measurement accuracy
                                             used. We recommend MGL Avionics EGT and CHT probes
Inputs                                       Differential, can use grounded and isolated probes
Common mode voltage range                    -2V to +3V
TC-3 Operating manual                                                                                          Page 7


9 Installation
The TC-3 provides for up to 12 thermocouple inputs for use with EGT and CHT probes. K, J as well as E-type probes can
be used. K types are used for EGT probes while CHT probes can either be J or K type. E-type probes are seldom used.
Probe types are selected under the “EGT SETUP” or “CHT SETUP” menus of the TC-3

Important: Incorrect selection of probe type will lead to an incorrect temperature display.

The TC-3 will accept both grounded and isolated thermocouple probes. Your only consideration in case of the more
common grounded configurations is that you need to ensure that the thermocouple mounting position (exhaust flange,
etc.) is at the same electrical potential as the negative supply line of the TC-3.

The thermocouple amplifier is a precision device providing full cold junction compensation. In addition the amplifier
measures and corrects for its own errors. This results in very accurate measurements providing you install high quality
probes. Here are some guidelines:

EGT Probes: Select probes that are made from 316 stainless steel and that use glass-fiber insulated conductors. Teflon
insulated conductors as found in many cheap probes introduce errors as the insulation melts moving the measuring point
towards the mounting bolt which transfers a lot of heat to the exhaust material. This results in under reading probes. Stay
away from probes that use simple plastic heat shrink sleeving – it does not last. Choose probes that use a generous
amount of stainless steel spring as strain relief. The bolt itself should be stainless steel as well or it will rust very quickly.

CHT Probes: These are made from washers to fit spark-plug bases. Temperatures are considerably lower so most
thermocouple cables will work without problems. The biggest area of concern should be the connection of the
thermocouple cable to the washer. This often breaks after the spark plug has been changed a few times. Choose a probe
that is suitably reinforced at this point for a long and trouble free life.

EGT and CHT probes supplied by MGL Avionics are of highest quality. We recommend that you consider using our
probes if at all possible.



          Warning: Four stroke engines produce much hotter exhaust gases compared to two stroke
          engines. Do not use EGT probes made from lower grade stainless steel (for example 310), these
          probes will not withstand the high temperatures and can fail as the metal gets very soft at 800
          degrees C. Many four strokes (such as the Rotax 912) will produce exhaust gases of up to 850
          degrees C.




Important installation note:
EGT and CHT probes use wire made from iron and other basic metals. As a result these probes are not able to withstand
much flexing of the wires due to engine vibrations. Avoid making nice looking coils or similar constructions that will result
in excessive vibration or flexing of the wire. Route the cables from the probe points tightly along suitable engine mounting
points eliminating any chance of unnecessary wire flexing during engine operation.




           Note: CHT channels will following on from the EGT channels on the DB25 connector eg: If only
           2 EGT and 2 CHT channels are selected then the 1st EGT channel will be at pins 1 & 14 , 2 nd EGT
           Channel 2 & 15, 1st CHT Channel 3 & 16 and 2nd CHT channel 4 &17.
TC-3 Operating manual                                                                              Page 8

9.1 Connection Diagram




The use of an external 1A fuse is recommended. Connect the supply terminals to your aircrafts power supply. The TC-3
can be used on both 12V and 24V without the use of any pre-regulators. Ensure that the supply voltage will not drop
below 8V during operation as this may result in incorrect readings.
TC-3 Operating manual                                                                                     Page 9

9.2 Extending leads of thermocouple probes
Thermocouple leads as used with the EGT and CHT probes can be extended either with ordinary copper cable or with
special K-Type extension cable. The choice of either depends on your desired accuracy. If it is possible in your installation
to ensure that both ends of a copper extension cable will be at the same temperature (or very close), then it is quite
possible to use the copper cable. In most open-air installations this will be the case. Should this not be possible or you
require best possible accuracy at all times, you can obtain a special K-type extension cable. This cable is made from the
same metals as your probes cable and uses ordinary plastic sleeving as insulation. In either case, ensure that the cable is
not routed close to sources of electromagnetic interference of any kind. The voltages present in this cable are very small
and are subject to changes applied by external fields. This can lead to false temperature indications. You can check your
installation by using a hand-held transmitter, such as an air band radio. If you transmit a signal, no change in temperature
reading should occur.



9.3 TC-3 Cable connections

Main connector (Bottom DB9 connector)

                            DB 9 Pin            Color                        Function
                               1                Black                         Ground
                               4                 NC          Airtalk communication (Not connected)
                                                                   Used for firmware upgrading
                                 6              Red                      8-30Vdc power
                                 9              White                     Alarm Output



Thermocouple (EGT/CHT) input connector (Top DB25 connector)

                                     In case of MGL Avionics K-Type probes + = Yellow probe lead, - = Red probe lead




              DB 25 Pin            Function                 DB 25 Pin            Function
                  1             TC Channel 1 +                  14            TC Channel 1 -
                  2             TC Channel 2 +                  15            TC Channel 2 -
                  3             TC Channel 3 +                  16            TC Channel 3 -
                  4             TC Channel 4 +                  17            TC Channel 4 -
                  5             TC Channel 5 +                  18            TC Channel 5 -
                  6             TC Channel 6 +                  19            TC Channel 6 -
                  7             TC Channel 7 +                  20            TC Channel 7 -
                  8             TC Channel 8 +                  21            TC Channel 8 -
                  9             TC Channel 9 +                  22            TC Channel 9 -
                 10             TC Channel 10 +                 23            TC Channel 10 -
                 11             TC Channel 11 +                 24            TC Channel 11 -
                 12             TC Channel 12 +                 25            TC Channel 12 -
                 13                                      Reference ground
                                                      (connect to engine block)
TC-3 Operating manual                                                                                     Page 10


10 Warranty

This product carries a warranty for a period of one year from date of purchase against faulty workmanship or defective
materials, provided there is no evidence that the unit has been mishandled or misused. Warranty is limited to the
replacement of faulty components and includes the cost of labour. Shipping costs are for the account of the purchaser.



      Note: Product warranty excludes damages caused by unprotected, unsuitable or incorrectly wired
      electrical supplies and or sensors, and damage caused by inductive loads.



11 Disclaimer
Operation of this instrument is the sole responsibility of the purchaser of the unit. The user must make themselves familiar
with the operation of this instrument and the effect of any possible failure or malfunction.

This instrument is not certified by the FAA. Fitting of this instrument to certified aircraft is subject to the rules and
conditions pertaining to such in your country. Please check with your local aviation authorities if in doubt. This instrument
is intended for ultralight, microlight, homebuilt and experimental aircraft. Operation of this instrument is the sole
responsibility of the pilot in command (PIC) of the aircraft. This person must be proficient and carry a valid and relevant
pilot’s license. This person has to make themselves familiar with the operation of this instrument and the effect of any
possible failure or malfunction. Under no circumstances does the manufacturer condone usage of this instrument for IFR
flights.



                   The manufacturer reserves the right to alter any specification without notice.




Other instruments in the Stratomaster Velocity series
ALT-3           Encoding aviation altimeter and Vertical speed indicator (VSI)
ALT-4           Encoding aviation altimeter with Serial RS232 & Parallel Gillham code output
ASI-3           Airspeed indicator (ASI) with automatic flight log
ASX-2           Encoding aviation altimeter and Airspeed indicator (ASI)
AV-2            Artificial horizon and magnetic compass indicator
E-1             Universal engine monitor
FLIGHT-2        Primary Flight instrument
FF-3            Fuel Computer (single or dual fuel tanks)
GF-2            +-10G tilt compensated dual range G-force meter
MAP-2           Manifold pressure and RPM Indicator
ROTOR-1         Dual Rotor / Engine tachometer
RTC-1           Aviation real time clock (RTC), outside air temperature (OAT) and Voltage display
RV-3            Universal engine / Rotor RPM Indicator
TC-2            4-Channel thermocouple (EGT/CHT) indicator
TC-3            12-Channel thermocouple (EGT/CHT) indicator
TP-2            Universal temperature and pressure gauge

				
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