North Carolinas 4-H Dairy Bowl

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					North Carolina's 4-H Dairy Bowl
FRED N. KNOTT Department of Animal Science North Carolina State University Raleigh 27650

Some of the most successful educational programs for 4-H youth include group participation, competition, and entertainment. All of these are elements of the North Carolina 4-H Dairy Bowl. The Dairy Bowl is a quiz contest wherein the questions deal with dairy topics. Teams compete in giving oral answers to questions asked by a moderator. Teams are given credit for correct answers and, in some cases, a penalty for incorrect answers. Dairy Bowl was introduced in North Carolina in 1974 on a pilot basis. Since that time the activity has grown to four regional elimination contests and a state contest held in conjunction with the North Carolina 4-H Club Congress. In addition to the organized contests, this activity has been used at club meetings and various junior dairy events as a part of the program. For example, part of the evening program at one district junior dairy show was a match between dairy bowl teams from two neighboring counties. The winning youth team then challenged a team of adults. The end result was the involvement of a number of people in the program and a lot of fun for participants and spectators alike. There is a variety of ways a contest can be organized. In North Carolina we have elected to use the single elimination method. Where more than two teams are involved, each team draws a number to determine team pairing for competition. If there is an odd number of teams, one will receive a bye. A team may receive only one bye during a contest. When a large number of teams is involved, it may be necessary to use some questions more than once. In this event, those teams not currently competing may be excused from the room. The contest is divided for juniors (ages 9 to 13) and seniors (ages 14 to 19). The junior contest consists of three rounds and the senior contest five rounds. The questions are generally

Received April 20, 1978. 1979 J Dairy Sci 62:522-523

more difficult with each successive round. Most of the questions in round number one have true-false answers whereas later rounds are more complicated. Generally, scoring in the early rounds carries less weight than later rounds. In round one of the senior contest, for example, ten points are given for each correct answer, and a bonus of fifty points is given if all ten questions offered the team are answered correctly within the 90-s limit. There is no penalty for incorrect answers in round one, but in later rounds the penalty for an incorrect answer equals the credit for a correct answer. In some of the advanced rounds the opposing team may attempt to provide the answer to a question missed by the other team. A challenge round provides the opposing team an opportunity to compete for an opportunity to answer the questions presented. There is one challenge round in the junior division and two in the senior division. The team that signals first is awarded the opportunity to answer. The signal may be a raised hand, buzzer, or a light. A moderator or chairman asks all the questions and determines the validity of each answer. It is, therefore, important that the moderator be familiar with the questions to be used. The moderator is assisted by a timekeeper for the timed rounds and a referee for the challenge rounds. Sample sets of questions made available to extension agents and adult 4-H leaders promote participation in the activity. There are 85 questions per set in the senior contest. Three sets of questions are required when as many as five teams are competing. Prepared sets of questions save the adult 4-H leader considerable time in making preparations. These sample sets also make favorite study material for participants. All questions in the Dairy Bowl deal with some phase of the dairy industry or dairy farming. While not essential, it seems advisable to have specific reference materials which team members can study in preparation for the contest. In North Carolina we use USDA


OUR INDUSTRY TODAY Farmers' Bulletin No. 2176 "Raising Dairy Calves and Heifers" and designated issues of Hoard's Dairyman magazine. Complete instructions for leaders and


participants in the Dairy Bowl are provided in a publication entitled "North Carolina 4-H Dairy Bowl", North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service publication 4-H F-8-6.

Journal of Dairy Science Vol. 62, No. 3, 1979

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