Risk Assessment Guidelines

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					RISK ASSESSMENT

What is Risk Assessment?
• A careful examination of what, in your workplace, could cause harm, so that you can weigh up whether you have taken enough precautions or should do more to prevent them • The aim is to make sure that no one gets hurt, hurt becomes ill or results in losses

What is hazard? What i i k? Wh t is risk?

Hazard X Risk ??? = What’s the difference?

Hazard Vs Risk
• HAZARD means something that has the potential to cause harm p • RISK is the likelihood that the harm will occur from exposure to the hazard also hazard, taking account of likely severity of the harm caused

Risk = Hazard x Likelihood ( (Severity) ( y) (Probability) y)
Risk can be reduced by reducing one of them or both

Steps in assessing risks
• Look for hazards • Decide who might be harmed, and how • Evaluate the risks and decide whether the existing precautions are adequate or whether more should be done • Record your findings • Review your assessment and revise if necessary

Look for the Hazards
• W lk around & l k afresh at what could Walk d look f h t h t ld potentially cause harm • Areas to look at:
– Material/Substances; Equipment/Apparatus; Activities, Workplace; People; and Procedures

• Ask employees or representatives what they think • Ch k with manufacturers’ i t ti Check ith f t ’ instructions or data sheets

Decide who might be harmed, harmed and how
• Group of people that may be affected
– operators, cleaners, contractors, maintenance personnel, members of the public, people sharing your workplace etc.

• Pay particular attention to
– young workers, inexperienced operators, disabled people, visitors and lone workers

Evaluate the Risks
• Consider how likely it is that each hazard could cause harm • C use th Ri k R ti Can the Risk Ratings T bl t prioritize Table to i iti risk • Determine whether or not you need to do more to reduce the risk p (actions list) if ) • Draw up risk control measures ( the risks are not adequately controlled

Risk Ratings Table
LIKELIHOOD
1 Very Unlikely 2 Unlikely 3 Possible 4 Likely 5 Very Likely

S E V E R I T Y

5 Very Serious 4 Serious 3 Moderate 2 Minor 1 Insignificant

5 4 3 2 1

10 8 6 4 2
Medium = 7 - 14

15 12 9 6 3

20 16 12 8 4
High = 15 - 25

25 20 15 10 5

Low = 1 - 6

Controlling Risks
LIKELIHOOD
1 Very Unlikely 2 Unlikely 3 Possible 4 Likely 5 Very Likely

S E V E R I T Y

5 Very Serious 4 Serious 3 Moderate 2 Minor 1 Insignificant

5 4 3 2 1

10 8 6 4 2
Medium = 7 - 14

15 12 9 6 3

20 16 12 8 4
High = 15 - 25

25 20 15 10 5

Low = 1 - 6

Controlling Risks
Hierarchy of Control Hi h fC t l
• Hazard elimination (e.g. use of alternatives, design improvements, improvements change of process) • Substitution (e.g. replacement of a chemical with one that is less risky) • Engineering control (e.g. isolation, use of barriers) • Administrative control (e.g. warning signs, instructions) • Use of Personal Protective Equipment as the last resort

Record your findings
• Keep the written record for future reference • Meet legal requirements (e.g. manual handling, handling working in confined spaces)

Review & revise if necessary
• Review and revise, if necessary, your assessment when there is any significant change (e g new hazards arise due to new (e.g. machines, substances & procedures) • Regularly review your assessment to check that the precautions for each hazard still adequately control the risk and, if necessary, revise your risk assessment i i k t

Thank you ! y Question & Answer ?