Jeep F A Q by danman21


									                                         Jeep F requently A sked Q uestions
With this FAQ I will attempt to answer most of the general questions asked on many of the forums that I visit on a regular basis. This
will not be the "Be all and End all" of the Jeep questions and answers, but it will serve as a guide to owning a Jeep. Questions like
"which is better" and such will require a personal point of view. Not everyone has the same feelings when it comes down to the
choices. Questions and answers that should be added to the FAQ can be emailed directly to and I will make the
updates as I see fit. If you do not think that my answer is correct, please let me know what the right answer is so that I may adjust the
FAQ to reflect it.

Disclaimer: I have owned Jeeps, talked with many other Jeep owners, borrowed Jeeps and such, but I am not an employee of
anything Jeep related. The information in this FAQ is gathered from many sources including magazines, internet and personal
experiences of friends and family. If there is misinformation in here, don't sue me .. I just don't know what I am talking about! The
questions are in no particular order, except in the way that they came to me.

1.   What are the different types of Jeeps out there and why are they coded the way they are?

Out of the many different types of Jeeps, they are designated as SWB, LWB or FS. Short Wheel Base Jeeps include the MB, CJ, DJ,
YJ and the TJ. The Long Wheel Base Jeeps include CJ-6, CJ-8, XJ, ZJ. Full Size would include the AMC built J-series trucks and the
70's and 80's Cherokee's and Grand Cherokees.

During the life of the CJ, there were many designations to describe the different series. CJ-2A was one of the first having a very short
wheelbase and a very narrow one as well. These are the classic Jeep's called "Flat-Fenders" which were produced through the varied
designations till the CJ-5. The CJ-5 was the first of the "Round-Fender" class of Jeep which has lasted all the way to the TJ.

CJ-2A - SWB - flat fender                                                              CJ-7 - SWB - round fender
CJ-3B - SWB - flat fender                                                              CJ-8 - LWB - round fender
CJ-4 - SWB - flat fender                                                               CJ-10 - LWB - Pickup Truck - round fender
CJ-5 - SWB - round fender                                                              YJ - SWB - round fender
CJ-6 - LWB - round fender                                                              TJ - SWB - round fender

The CJ7 and YJ are built on the same basic platform and there are few visual differences between the two. The most prominent
differences are the headlights and the dash. The TJ is a complete redesign of the YJ taking some of the better design features of the
YJ and combining with some of the latest 4wd technology (TJ released in 1997).

2.   If someone came up to me and said here are the keys to several different kinds of Jeep's, which set of keys should I take?

For this answer you have to think hard about what you would like to do with the Jeep. If you are looking for a HardCore rock crawler
then I would use the CJ-6. The CJ-2A is a tiny little beast that can feed itself down the tiniest little paths. The YJ has an amazing on
road feel and does great offroad as well. The TJ has an almost "Cadillac" like ride about it, fairly smooth rolling type ride. It has
great flex and when combined with aggressive tires it can walk over most obstacles.

3.   Warranty on a Jeep?

If you want to use the warranty for any Jeep, always make sure that you do your maintenance before taking in for warranty work. You
should change oil, differential fluids and grease u-joints before you arrive for the warranty work. Also make sure that your Jeep is as
clean top to bottom as well. It helps the mechanic properly diagnose problems that can be covered under warranty. Many of the
dealerships do not believe their "Off-Road enhanced vehicles" should be driven through water waist deep, through mud as thick as
gumbo or driven over rocks larger than some peoples houses. The engineers who gave us our Jeeps designed them for hard use, but
not abuse. Always make sure that when you do off-road that you do not abuse your machine.

4.   Engine swaps - How hard are they?
This FAQ and its owner are in no way associated with Daimler-Chrysler, the current owner of the Jeep trademark.
(C) 2002
Page 1 of 3
Swapping an engine is a very easy thing to do on most Jeeps. The engine bay is large enough to fit a Chevy 350ci or Ford 351w under
the hood with room to spare. The other end of the engine, the transmission and transfer case is where the problems start to show up.
If the space between the end of the T-case and the axle is too short, you will have driveline problems. I have heard of guys having 6"
worth of drive shaft on their Jeep, which is too little to allow for proper alignment and movement. A decent length is 14" or longer for
a rear drive shaft. If you can get longer, then all the better!

5.   Sway bar or not to sway bar?

On the newer Jeeps a sway bar was incorporated into it to allow for better on road handling
and less movement of the body in relation to the axles. Off road the sway bars are a hindrance
to the flex of the Jeep. When a Jeep has a low amount of flex, the tires cannot get a grip on
the ground, lift and then you can become stuck. Manufacturers have come up with a "Sway
bar disconnect" that will allow the sway bar to be removed from the axle quickly for off road
usage. Sway bar disconnects consist of a stock sway bar connecting rod cut into three
sections, the middle being thrown away. One hole is drilled in the shaft and then a piece of
pipe is cut to length, and a set of holes drilled into the pipe to match the holes in the shaft. A
pair of pins are then used to hold the pipe over the shaft and allow for the same level of
strength that was there before.

Please see the graphic that was quickly drawn up and placed on the right.

6.   What size of tire can I fit in my Jeep?

Tire size is highly dependant on the type of Jeep you own. A CJ can fit a 31" tall tire on new stock springs, a YJ 30" tall tire and TJ
can fit a 31" tire. Always make sure that you have the correct backspacing so that the tires do not rub on the spring packs. Expect
some rubbing on extreme flex. Body lifts are completely separate from a suspension lift. These are only guidelines, not all
suspension kits allow the same size of tires, even though they have the "same amount of lift" - meaning results may vary! Also, not all
tires are created equal ..

CJ 2.5" lift: 33" tires                                   YJ 2.5" lift: 32" tires                                 TJ 2.5" lift: 32" tires
CJ 4" lift: 35" tires                                     YJ 4" lift: 33" tires                                   TJ 4" lift: 33" tires
                                                          YJ 6" lift: 35" tires (requires stronger                TJ 6" lift: 35" tires (requires Dana44
                                                          axles)                                                  or stronger axles)

Other ways of getting larger tires under you Jeep include trimming body panels, converting to Spring Over Axle (SOA), running Full
Width Axles (FWA), swapping in portal axles and such. A simple 4" suspension lift with SOA can net enough room to run 38" tires

7.   What kinds of recovery equipment should I have?

The simplest way to describe the recovery equipment is to think about what it would take to get yourself un-stuck. The easiest way is
to have certain pieces of equipment always mounted to your vehicle. The first thing that should be mounted are a pair of tow-hooks
on the front of the vehicle to the frame. Most Jeeps come with the nuts pre-mounted inside the frame, all you need to do is find the
nuts and fill them with Grade5 bolts and tow-hooks rated at 7,000lbs or greater.

The rear of the Jeep is a little more difficult to mount tow-hooks, but it can be done. The easiest way to have recovery points on the
rear is to use a Class 3 trailer hitch receiver and some type of pin-shackle (also known as the D-Shackle).

In order to use these recovery points, a proper tow-rope is required. The best ones are rated for 3-times your vehicle weight
(12,000lbs or greater) that do not have any metal attached in anyway (no hooks!). For this basic version of recovery, you will need a
buddy with a similarly equipped vehicle along to pull you out of trouble. The rule of thumb is to always have your vehicle and two
others along so that you all can help each other out of troubles.

This FAQ and its owner are in no way associated with Daimler-Chrysler, the current owner of the Jeep trademark.
(C) 2002
Page 2 of 3
When you are all alone, you, maybe a friend and your Jeep, but no other vehicles around for miles, you will need some form of self-
recovery. The cheapest self-recovery item is a properly equipped Hi-Lift jack with tree-straps, chain and shackles. A winch is the
most expensive type of self-recovery equipment, which every vehicle should be equipped with if you plan on travelling alone. Never
rely only on the winch, as they have been known to fail on occasion. Tree straps (short pieces of very wide recovery strap) should
always be used when winching towards a tree or other growing object. Never use a rock as a winch-point as you can end up pulling
the rock towards your vehicle and damage your vehicle.

8.   What types of tools should I bring along

Depending on your skill with repairing your own vehicle, you                           With tools, you might also want to think about bringing parts
will want to adjust this listing:                                                      along as well:

Sockets and socket driver                                                              Electrical wire (16 gauge or thicker)
Combination wrenches                                                                   Electrical connectors
Pliers                                                                                 Electricians tape
Vice-Grips                                                                             Duct Tape
Electrical crimpers                                                                    Old working starter
Hammer                                                                                 Axle shafts
Battery jumper cables                                                                  Old fan belts to get you out of an emergency
Lug wrench                                                                             Band-clamps
Jack (not just the one that came with your Jeep)                                       Vacuum hoses
Medical gloves

Many of these items can be hidden around your vehicle in army surplus ammo cans (they seal very well), tied to your roll-bar, under
seats, hidden under your battery, strapped to your frame and such. You can be very creative in the locations of the items listed here,
and have "multi-use" items as well where the band-clamp that is used to hold a fire-extinguisher to the roll bar, can also be used to
repair a blown heater-hose.

9.   Where can I find the be-all and end-all of backcountry information

There is no one specific place that I know of personally. There have been many books written on this subject, on 4-wheeling, on
hiking / backpacking and such that to list them all would take a large library type system. A couple of books that I personally loved to
read are How to shit in the woods by Kathleen Meyer (ISBN: 0-89815-627-0) and Shifting into 4wd by Harry Lewellyn (ISBN: 0-
944781-02-0). On the internet (if you have access) there are thousands of enthusiast sites with lots of information and links to other
sites as well. If you wish to visit an Internet Forum, you can interact with hundreds of others from around the world, asking
questions and receiving answers (and reciprocating as well). With the ability to use the Internet, you can also search the online
databases for the answers to your questions that others may have asked before you.

This FAQ and its owner are in no way associated with Daimler-Chrysler, the current owner of the Jeep trademark.
(C) 2002
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