What is Socialization
Shared by: danman21
What is Socialization? • Socialization is the process by which people learn to adopt the norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors accepted and practiced by the ongoing system • This process may be similar for many in many areas but vary significantly in other areas (general to personal) Political Learning • Four Processes of Learning: 1) Politicization- when children become aware of the existence of governmental authority (also refers to political socialization) 2) Personalization- when a child begins to admire political figures 3) Idealization- identification of political authority as generally benevolent and trustworthy 4) Institutionalization- child becomes aware of the different divisions of government The Actors in the Socialization Process • Parents- the attitudes and predispositions of the parents, and the level of political interest • Formal Education- teachers and school curriculum • Religion- denominational theology and political ideology • Social Networks- groups and individuals that one associates with • Media- agenda setting and priming Parental Influence • Studies indicate that parental transmission of party identification is much more prevalent than the transmission of positions on specific issues. • Why do you think this is the case? Educational Influence • Curriculum seems to have little effect on levels of participation, but it may have an effect on political ideas. Can you think of any? • What effect do you think the pledge of allegiance may have? • What about history classes? Religious Influence • Are churches political? • How does this influence socialization? • Is religious political socialization stronger than other types of socialization? Why? Social Networks • The influence of one’s peers may be stronger depending on how political one’s parents or other influences were • Attitudes may evolve as social networks change over time Media Influence • Agenda-Setting- rather than telling us what to think the media tells us what to think about • Priming- choosing which issues to emphasize • Framing- depicting the story in a way that assigns responsibility for the problem Questions to Think About Concerning Jennings and Markus • What is the primary research question? • What is special about the data? • How do they try to answer the question(s)? • What are the findings? • How might some of the influences other than parental influence play into the socialization of party identification?