Networking Vigilance Committee Best Practices Presentation by Vasudha Mishra Secretary DWCD Govt of Andhra Pradesh Overview Andh

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Networking Vigilance Committee Best Practices Presentation by Vasudha Mishra Secretary DWCD Govt of Andhra Pradesh Overview Andh Powered By Docstoc
					(Networking/ Vigilance
     Committee )
  - Best Practices -

      Presentation by
     Vasudha Mishra
          Secretary
           DWCD
  Govt. of Andhra Pradesh
           Overview- Andhra Pradesh
 17 Districts-Vizianagaram, Vishakhapatnam, East
  Godavari, West Godavari, Krishna, Guntur, Prakasam,
  Chittoor, Kadapa, Anantapur, Kurnool, Hyderabad,
  Medak, Nalgonda, Khammam, Nizamabad and
  Warangal
                 Overview- Andhra Pradesh
         Routes and Destinations of Trafficking
DELHI
                        Daund
Anantpur                                           DELHI
                        Bangalore

                        Hyderabad

 Cuddapah                Guntakal                  DELHI
                         Warangal

                         Tirupati

Chittoor                Vijayawada
                                                    DELHI
                          Warangal
   Kurnool                Warangal                  DELHI
 East Godavari
                           Vizag                    DELHI
 West Godavari
 Hyderabad                                           DELHI
                                                Response to the Problem
Rehab Strategies             GOMS No.1                    Prevention
- Integration of                                          Strategies
rescued/                                             •Community
vulnerable girls/                                      Vigilante groups
                                          Prevention •Balika Sanghas
women                 Rehabilitation
through SHGs                                         •Kala Jathas
- SWADHAR                                            • Training of
- Grant In Aid                                        Stakeholders
- Linkages to DRDA/             FOCUS
APSACS etc.                     AREAS

                                       Rescue


                          Rescue Strategies
-Promoting rescue through information/surveillance of CVGs
-Linkages with police in destination areas
- Motivation and Preparation of communities by awareness generation
     Response to the Problem- Overview

 Formation of Community Vigilant Groups (CVG)
 25006 CVGs formed across the state at
  community level
 CVG consists of CDPO, Supervisor, Anganwadi
  Worker, Mother‟s Committee Member, Adolescent
  Girls,  Sarpanch,    Revenue      Official (Village
  Secretary), Kulapeddalu (2 No.s), Police
 CVGs trained as Anti-trafficking Committees
 Role of CVG
  • Monitoring and surveillance of communities
  • Linkages to Police, DWCD, DRDA (SHGs)
Adolescent girls organized in Vigilant groups &
awakened on issue of trafficking
     Response to the Problem- Overview

 Formation of Balika Sanghas
 9315 Sanghas formed
 Balika   Sanghas        formed   with   out-of-school
  adolescent girls
 Also represented in the CVGs
 Nearly 30,000 girls trained on social issues,
  health, and nutrition
    Response to the Problem- Overview
 Formation   of   State    and   District   Coordination
 Committees for prevention of trafficking as per
 G.O.Ms.No.1
 Formation of Anti-trafficking squads in every
 district   headed by Deputy Superintendent               of
 Police and supported by WCD officials, Juvenile
 welfare    officials   and   NGOs     by     the    police
 department
 Formation of Anti-trafficking cells at District Head
 quarter    and    Mandal     Head    Quarter       by   the
 Department of WCD involving the WCD Officials &
 NGOs
   Response to the Problem- Overview


 Initial relief to rescued victims was enhanced
 to Rs.5000/-to Rs.10,000/-
 SWADHAR Scheme- 26 Shelter homes have
 been sanctioned by Government of India
 under the scheme
   The Department is conducting           various
    workshops and reviews as follows


    o   District level workshops were conducted
        in collaboration with UNICEF in every
        district (23 districts) from March to July
        2005 all over Andhra Pradesh to
        promote inter departmental linkage,
        police trainings organized with Women
        Development           &    Child  Welfare
        Department/ local NGO‟s on ITPA, Anti-
        trafficking issues
o A 3 days training workshop from 4-7-2005 to
  6-7-2005 in collaboration with UNICEF was
  conducted at, Hyderabad for field functionaries
  working with child victims of trafficking and
  commercial sexual exploitation.      The training
  module developed by Nirmala Nikethan, School
  of Social Work, Mumbai was translated into
  Telugu Language. Trainings were conducted to
  Instructors of Anganwadi Training Centers and
  also to sensitize caregivers of children homes,
  state and service homes including 26 NGOs
o A workshop from 28th to 29th September 2005 was
  conducted in the Directorate with the assistance of
  UNICEF to develop the modules to Anganwadi workers
  and Anti-trafficking committees on Key messages on
  the prevention of trafficking and activities to be taken-
  up by the Adolescent Girls and Balika Mandals with
  field functionaries and related departmental staff
o Training module has been developed for NGOs and
  field level functionaries all over AP on social issues like
  trafficking, child marriages, dowry etc., in collaboration
  with NIPCCD. Trainings have been conducted at
  Bangalore and Hyderabad.
o Social issues were included in the curriculum of
  refresher course being given to CDPOs / Supervisors
  and AWWs at field level and also to instructors of
  MLTCs and AWTCs.
 A.P.Police academy has conducted workshops for police
  officials on trafficking in persons & Role of police as
  follows:
 Resolutions passed at Vijayawada workshop in
  November 2005 on amendment of G.O.Ms.No.1
 Resolutions & some suggestions made in Anantapur on
  October 2005
 Resolutions passed in the workshop on strategies to
  deal with gender violence at Hyderabad in March 2006
 The Toll free help line at Hyderabad is 1800, 425,
  2908
Regional Anti-Trafficking Network

           Anantapur
            Chittoor
            Kadapa
                           Andhra Pradesh




                Kadapa
Anantapur
                           Rayachoti


 Kadiri         Chittoor



            Madanapalle
   Trafficking from the Rayalaseema Region- An
                       Overview

 Trafficking predominantly in three districts
    - Anantapur, Chittoor, Kadapa
 Trafficking of minors and women linked to migration,
  debt bondage, and socio-cultural tolerance of
  trafficking
 Girls in socially and economically disadvantaged
  groups are especially vulnerable to trafficking
                Origins of the Network
 DWCD/       UNICEF    started     a   pilot   project     with
   STHREE (NGO) for prevention of trafficking from
   Anantapur district
 In order to check the operations of traffickers in
   the region across 3 districts, the project expanded
   to   cover    Kadapa      and    Chittoor    districts    by
   formation      of   the    Regional      Network         with
   participation of three District Collectors
 The same networking is replicated in coastal
   regions covering 6 districts Guntur, Prakasam,
   Nellore,      Krishna,    East    Godavari     and     West
   Godavari
        Objectives of the Regional Network


 Identification of vulnerable communities

 Capacity building of CVGs and Adolescent girls

 Enhanced Law enforcement /data base on traffickers

 Convergence with Income Generation Programmes,
  Judiciary and other frontline agencies

 Standardization of approach and strategy
   Organizational Structure of the Regional Network
                                                  Regional Network



                                                  Chairperson-
                 Collector- Anantapur            Collector- Kadapa              Collector- Chittoor



                                                     District                        District
                      District
                                                  Resource Person                 Resource Person
                   Resource Person



                                      Mandal                         Mandal
       Mandal
                                  Resource Persons               Resource Persons
   Resource Persons


           CVGs                           CVGs                           CVGs
      Balika Sanghas                 Balika Sanghas                 Balika Sanghas
Civil Society Organizations    Civil Society Organizations    Civil Society Organizations
    Community at large             Community at large             Community at large
         Key strategies


 Community mobilization

 Law enforcement

 Rehabilitation

 Convergence
           Key Messages



   Key messages focus on Prevention of
    trafficking by way of vigilance, awareness,
    encouraging      reportage      and     law
    enforcement
Key messages for Police
• The police should be on a vigil in locations
  prone to trafficking
• Should monitor the movements-of strangers in
  the villages
• Look out for suspicious movement of girls at
  places such as, highways, dhabas, railway
  stations, and bus stations
• Police must register and FIR under section 5 or
  6 of the Immoral Traffic (prevention) ACT, 1956
  and 336, 366A, 367, 370 to 373 of the Indian
  Penal code
Inter state Anti trafficking Initiatives with DWCD-
Police-NGOs
Key messages for Family
  Check background of people offering jobs,
    incentives, marriages proposals
• Families should take good care of their children in terms
   of clothing food their concerns, and take their points of
   view seriously
• The family should ensure that their daughters are safe
   and not exposed to potential traffickers
• All marriages in the village should be registered, and at
   least one photograph of the married couple be kept
   safely
• The girls family must keep safely the correct address
   and contact of the groom‟s family
• Watch out for deceit and resist sale of girls
• Calling child line, Help line and the Police in case of
   suspicion
• Training girls to be more vigilant and aware (Balika
   Mandals)
Key messages for Community
• The Panchayat can appoint a group of women and
  men from the village, and can assign the SHGs with
  the responsibility of keeping track of strangers who
  may be visiting the community the frequency and
  purpose of such visits; and the households that they
  visit
• Monitor the marriages with outsiders, they can
  ensure that the visitors are not traffickers
• Keep a close watch on the movement of girls and
  young women from the villages
• On visitors to the villages; and follow up on any such
  visitors who frequently visit a particular house
                  Community Mobilization

   Wide publicity and campaigns through Kalajathas,
    Workshops and meetings

•   Communities are provided with information on
    trafficking, CSE, human rights, child rights, law,
    Consequences of HIV/ AIDS and Other aspects

•   Skills   on   how   to   prevent   trafficking,   skills   in
    reporting, and effectively using the enforcement
    system (police) to tackle the problem.
                         Kalajatha Parakuvandlapalli
                                   Village
                              Tanakal Mandal




Kishora Balikala Mela,
       Kadiri
      Balika Sangha Training on Trafficking and
        Commercial Sexual Exploitation(CSE)


 Girls from Balika Sanghas Trained on
  •    Social and gender issues
  •    Trafficking and CSE
  •    How to address the problem at community level
  •    Skills to protect themselves from traffickers and
       trafficking
  •    Life skills
Girls engaged in social mapping on the
issue of Trafficking
                   Work with Adolescent Girls

 Campaign with more than 6000 Adolescent Girls

 School     and    College   going    girls   covered     in      the
  Campaign

 Focus on Trafficking of Girls, Early Marriages

 Adolescent girls were informed about:

     •   Their rights

     •   Severity of the problem of trafficking, and its effects

     •     Skills to address the problem at community level
            Work with Government Officials


   Training of Government functionaries-frontline
    staff of various Government departments
    -   Department of women and child development
    -   District rural development authority
    -   Medical & Health
    -   Police
                       Work with Police
       Training on Trafficking and CSE
    -    CIs, SIs, Constables Trained on trafficking and
         related issues
    -    Impact
         • Appointing special officer and staff- working on
           trafficking
         • Promotion of “Community friendly police”
           concept
         • Focus on prosecution and conviction of brokers
           and traffickers
                    Work with PRIs

 Sarpanchs, ZPTC, MPTC Members trained on
   •  Trafficking and CSE
   •  Addressing the problem at community level
   •  Active participation in prevention of trafficking
   •  Monitoring and surveillance

  Impact
   •   Suggestions by the participants for action
   •   Registration of marriages
   •   Identification of and punishment to Brokers
Community Participation

 Rendered counseling     to   the   village   elders   &
  Adolescent girls
 Constituting committee consisting of NGO, Doctor,
  Legal advisor, WD &CW Department Officials
 Involving the male youth members of the
  community for obtaining information well in
  advance on traffickers to take stringent action
 Exchanging information periodically among the
  three districts for uniform and common line of
  action by organizing Workshops
 Training to the police personnel and           women
  constables in dealing with these cases
     Rehabilitation activities taken up in Regional
                        Network

 A Regional Network was set up in July 2004 with
  three District Collectors, Superintendent of Police,
  Project Directors of DRDA and WD&CW, CPO of
  UNICEF,Medical and Health consultants, and NGOs to
  get information about traffickers and their chain.
  Example : An overview of Anantapur District
  interventions are placed below
Beneficiary VOCSETs in kafe khushi a food
center established as economic rehabilitation
unit
 Self Help Groups formation


 Out of 62 people who returned from
  Pune/Mumbai, are formed into 5 - Self Help
  Groups (SHGs) and Rs.1.20 lakhs was
  sanctioned as a Revolving Fund
       Income Generating Activities


 62 victims who returned from Pune and Mumbai
  were sanctioned Community Investment Fund to a
  tune of Rs. 5.16 lakhs under Income Generating
  Activities.
 Rs.3.20 Crores under Indira Kranthi Patham budget
  wherein Rs.47.90 lakhs was earmarked under
  Institutional and Capacity Building component and
  Rs.271 lakhs for Community Investment Fund for
  Income Generating Activities in which 50% of the
  amount is earmarked exclusively for S.C., S.T.,
  women members of the Self Help Groups.
     Preference to all Government Schemes
Housing Pattas

 In Anantapur two spells of assignment of land
  programme was taken up during January 2005 and
  August 2005 in which 346 ST women beneficiaries
  were provided land pattas to a tune of 766.05 acres
  of land to take up cultivation
 618 destitute /single women were sanctioned
  housing under Indira Awash Yojana in 2004-05

Home guards
 9 Women home guards were selected
Education

   Two bridge course residential schools were
    established through Indira Kranti Padam
   Below 9 years (Dropouts) were admitted in to
    schools by tying up with residential schools

Health
   One VCTC is opened for dealing AIDS cases to
    extend treatment to positive cases
   3 Gynaec camps conducted in 5 trafficking
    mandals. Selected and trained 160 community
    health activists at village level to create
    awareness on health issues
                                   Kadiri Mandal trafficked girls receiving
                                                   Pattas




N.P.Kunta girls receiving pattas
          from MRO
                                      BCRS
                               Girl Child Education
                                      Kadiri




STHREE girls learning crafts
   at skill centre, Kadiri
Rescue

 Two Swadhar Shelter Homes were sanctioned
  in Kadiri area with the sanctioned strength of
  100 for difficult circumstances women by
  Government of India. One Shelter Home was
  proposed for „STHREE‟ voluntary organization
  which is working in Kadiri area pertaining to
  anti-trafficking activity through the District
  Collector to APSACS. (Andhra Pradesh State
  AIDS Control Society), A.P., Hyderabad and
  sanction is awaited.
Rehabilitation trough training, Bank Linkage and
Federation
 Under convergence programme 50 Adolescent girls
  were sanctioned Rs.5.00 lakhs under Community
  Investment Fund for Incoming Generating activities.
  65 Adolescent girls identified through village
  organizations (Women Federations of SHGs) were
  trained in Tailoring, Hand Embroidery, Mirror work and
  Appliqué work in collaboration with WAKEUP-NGO.
  Another 50 girls were identified in Kadiri area were
  given above training in collaboration with Priya Mahila
  Mandali.
 One special action plan have been prepared
  exclusively for S.T. (Sugali) people in Kadiri area of
  Anantapur District to a tune of Rs.270.94 lakhs and
  submitted to the Commissioner, Tribal Welfare
  Department, A.P., Hyderabad for release of funds
  through District Collector.
 3 family counseling centers are established in
  Nallacheruvu, Gandlapenta and Talupula mandals of
  Kadiri block through social Community Investment
  Fund (CIF) sub projects to a tune of Rs.3.57 lakhs
 170 Destitute women were identified in Kadiri
  erstwhile taluk and provided training and loan to a
  tune of Rs.5.91 lakhs to take up non-form activities
  under the programme called „Development of Women
  Through Area‟ Programme (DEWTHA) through Sree
  Anantaha Grameena Bank, Anantapur.         The 170
  destitutes consist of all communities including S.T.
  women.
Best practices in coastal Regional Network
 Prevention      focused      Action   plan   is being
  implemented in Guntur and Prakasam districts from
  December 2005
 Mapping of vulnerable areas is being carried out in
  both districts (Guntur and Prakasam)
 Workshop on trafficking and CSE have been
  conducted with police and DECD personnel in
  Guntur district and planned for June 2006 in
  Prakasam
 More than 50 Kalajathas were conducted in the two
  districts in the initial stages in March 2006
 150 Adolescent girls are being trained on cultural
  activities and Kalajathas and will conduct more than
  2000 programmes in 100 villages in the two
  districts in June-July 2006
Kalajatha outcomes

o Communities at large and especially women and
  young girls understand trafficking CSE and the
  impacts thereof
o Adolescent girls and women have started reacting
  strongly to the violation of their rights in trafficking
  and have started participating actively in anti
  trafficking activities through Community Vigilant
  Groups and Balika Sanghas
o Adolescent girls who have witnessed Kalajathas
  have become more cautious and aware about
  dangers posted by the problem of trafficking
Women‟s Groups and Anti-trafficking work

o Women‟s groups (SHGs) are a part of CVGs in the
  village and SHG leaders represent the women‟s
  group in Community Vigilant Groups
o They have not only started participating actively in
  prevention related activities, but have also started
  involving victims and vulnerable women in
  livelihood activities for rehabilitation and prevention
  by providing them access to loans, land and other
  alternatives
            SUPPORT FROM UNDP


 UNDP–TAHA (Prevention of trafficking and HIV/AIDS
  in women and girls) Project is suggested to support
  for effective implementation, documentation and
  reporting of the various activities which would entail
  district level workshops for development of action
  plan field assignments state level sensitization of
  NGOs, TOT for ICDS centers (MLTC, AWTC) training
  of PDS, CDPOs, Training of field functionaries on
  Anti-trafficking Cells in 9 districts needs assessment
  and planning workshops with SWADHAR homes,
  Networking and exchange programmes, main
  streaming of issues in Police and strengthening of
  regional network
                     NATSAP

 Network of 22 NGOs working with VOCSET (Victims
  of Commercial Sexual Exploitation & Trafficking)
 Forming of Community Based Organization with
  VOCSET
 Active participation in Anti-trafficking committees at
  District level
 Counselling, Health care & running STD clinics
 Prevention of second generation trafficking –working
  for children of sex workers
 Para legal counselling for VOCSET
 Lobbying and advocacy
                CACT
  (Campaign Against Child Trafficking)
 CACT is a net work of 50 NGOs campaigning against
  child trafficking in Andhra Pradesh covering all the
  districts
  o Awareness generation on
  o Campaigning –Lobby & Advocacy
  o Forming Vigilant groups with Adolescent girls &
    SHGs
  o Involving PRIs in prevention of trafficking in
    children
  o Establishing economic rehab units for VOCSET
  o Employment opportunity for VOCSET through
    corporate social responsibility
   Ex: Employing VOCSET in petrol filling stations
                    Impact

• No of adolescent girls trained =36000+
• No of Police Officials trained = 300 +
• No of CVG members trained = 1500 +
• No of Kalajathas performed = 700 +
• No of victims rescued =37
• No of arrests made= 25
• No of cases pending in courts = 7
• Total no of victims and vulnerable girls
  undergoing livelihood programs = 83 (Till March
  2006)