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DEPARTMENTAL RISK ASSESSMENT FORM - PDF

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					ORKNEY ISLANDS COUNCIL, OUTDOOR EDUCATION GENERIC RISK ASSESSMENT for :__________WINTER WALKING __________________
Name of Assessor : ________C.JEX______________ Signature : ______________________________ Date : ______28/11/05__ Activity/ Process/ Operation
Winter Hillwalking / mountaineering

What are the hazards to health and safety
Inability to navigate

What risks do they pose
Getting lost

Who is at risk
All

Risk level H/M/L
H

Precautions taken to reduce the risk
Instructor briefing, map reading skills known and taught before start Correct footwear and crampons, instructor briefing, no running Use of compass, read weather and avalanche reports

Risk level achieved H/M/L
M

Further action to reduce the risk
Ensure ability to navigate in snow

Rough / uneven / Ice and snow terrain

Trips, slips and falls

All

H

M

Choose appropriate area for walking, thorough briefing by instructor

Poor visibility / weather / white-out

Unable to find references, getting lost

All

M

L

Poor group control

Group split/loss of members

Participant

M

Head count, small groups, buddy system used Ensure clothing is adequate before start, carry spares

L

Incorrect clothing

Hypothermia, poor insulation, getting wet, effects of wind chill No support to ankle, wet feet and slipping on wet grass

Participant

H

M

Educate group re. wind chill and effects

Poor / incorrect footwear

Participant

H

Wear boots, tie laces, check ground to be covered, ensure stiffness for crampons to be used Check consent forms, brief group of intended walk, communicate regularly, ensure medicines carried Ensure group control, use appropriate routes, communicate hazards, ensure correct use of axe

M

Check suitability of all footwear, issue boots

Poor fitness / health of participants

Slow movement over ground, late return time, daylight hours

All

M

L

Low level fall or slip

Injury to foot/leg/body from slip / axe carried

All

M

L

Activity/ Process/ Operation
Winter hillwalking / mountaineering Continued

What are the hazards to health and safety
Change in weather, snow conditions

What risks do they pose
Inability to protect from elements, underfoot changes/avalanche Navigation in the dark, getting lost easily, poor orientation

Who is at risk
All

Risk Level H/M/L
H

Precautions taken to reduce the risk
Check weather forecast, awareness of weather / temperature effects Plan activity period with daylight hour to spare, ensure an early start Laminate map, issue a minimum of 2 maps within group Ensure participants have drink with them during activity Instructor position self near steep terrain to observe / advise participants of hazards and techniques to use with axe / crampons Find alternative routes around watercourse, use ropes safely to cross Brief group of potential hazard at start, have a strategy of evacuating hazardous areas

Risk level achieved H/M/L
M

Further action to reduce the risk
Ensure group is prepared (clothing etc) for change in conditions

Daylight hours

All

M

L

Losing map

Unable to navigate

All

M

L

Lack of water / fluids

Dehydration, head aches

All

H

L

Running / sliding downhill / out of control

Tripping, falling and body injury

Participant

M

L

Fast flowing streams / swollen watercourses

Drowning, getting wet/cold

All

M

L

Strong winds at height or near cliffs

Falling or difficulty in walking ability

All

M

M

Action plan if weather deteriorates, group skills to get to safe ground (shelter) Carry poles, probes, trancievers and shovel

Avalanche / unstable snowpack

Injury to body, suffocation, loss of group members, falling vertically

All

L-H Depend on conditions

Complete a snowpack assessment, read forecasts, Ensure group are aware of actions to take when in an avalanche, walk in single file Ensure route has escape routes, start early, know shelter areas Ensure group apply creams regularly and wear eye protection

M-H

Benightment

Effects of the cold, non activity period, finding shelter Snow blindness, sun burnt skin, pain/sore skil

All

L

L

Leave details at base / contact number

Sunburn / Snow glare

All

M

L


				
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Description: DEPARTMENTAL RISK ASSESSMENT FORM