CRD STORM SEWER AND WATERCOURSE BYLAW, CODES OF PRACTICE by yzc11615

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									           APPENDIX J

CRD STORM SEWER AND WATERCOURSE
  BYLAW, CODES OF PRACTICE AND
   BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES
                                                                                                      Revised: March 24, 2005
                                                                                                                        DRAFT
                                                          Working schedule
            STORMWATER QUALITY CODES OF PRACTICE - DEVELOPMENT AND DELIVERY SCHEDULE

        In 2001, the Capital Regional District (CRD) Stormwater Quality program was enhanced to include stormwater source
        control. The main initiative currently underway in this component of the program is the implementation of a model
        storm sewer and watercourse bylaw. Regulatory powers for stormwater source control rest with municipalities under
        the Local Government Act and the Community Charter.

        On July 11, 2001, the CRD Board received the Model Storm Sewer and Watercourse Protection Bylaw and invited
        member municipalities to adopt the model bylaw. This model bylaw offered municipalities a consistent approach to
        stormwater protection and avoided duplication of effort in developing municipal stormwater bylaws. The enhanced
        bylaw is designed to allow the incorporation of regulatory stormwater codes of practice that will set out the municipal
        regulatory requirements under which various business sectors will be required to operate to prevent the pollution of
        stormwater. These codes will be prepared by Stormwater Quality program staff with input from a municipal bylaw
        working group, the business sectors involved and the CRD’s Engineering Liaison Committee (ELC). The codes will
        be available for municipalities to adopt as schedules to the enhanced bylaw.

        After consultation with the Bylaw Working Group it was determined that the municipalities will lead the code outreach
        to the affected sector(s) with CRD support. This approach is required to present the code appropriately for each
        municipality. The municipalities will determine the outreach schedule.

        This schedule will be subject to ongoing development with input from the Bylaw Working Group and the
        municipalities. Completion dates are subject to the needs of the individual stakeholder groups. Development start
        dates may change as priorities are re-evaluated.

     Code of Practice (CoP)               Development             Delivery to        Delivery to        Delivery to           Status
                                             start               Engineering        Environment        municipalities
                                                                   Liaison           Committee
                                                                 Committee
2002 - 2003
Automotive and Parking Lot                    August 2002          October 2003       January 2004            July 2004       Completed
Operations
Construction And Development                  August 2002          October 2003       January 2004            July 2004       Completed
Activities
Recreation Centres                           October 2002       September 2004        October 2004        January 2005        Completed
2003 - 2004
Streets and Roads                            October 2003       September 2004        October 2004        January 2005        Completed
Painting Operations*                      December 2003                April 2005      not required     November 2004         Completed
Mobile and Power Washing*                 December 2003                April 2005      not required       January 2005        Completed
2004 - 2005
Recycling Facilities                         January 2005               May 2005         June 2005         August 2005        In Progress
Fuel Storage and                             January 2005               May 2005         June 2005         August 2005        In Progress
Industrial/Commercial Yard
Storage
2005 - 2006
Concrete (Ready-Mix) Plants              September 2005                June 2006         July 2006         August 2006        Not Started
Asphalt Plants                           September 2005                June 2006         July 2006         August 2006        Not Started
2006 - 2007
Landscaping, Golf Courses and               February 2006       September 2006        October 2006        January 2007        Not Started
Playing Fields

        •     Painting Operations and Mobile and Power Washing will be developed as best management practices (BMPs) and promoted
              as such. After twelve months, the Bylaw Working Group will consider the need to adopt the BMPs as codes of practice.




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                                                MODEL BYLAW
                                         CAPITAL REGIONAL DISTRICT

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         A BYLAW TO REGULATE THE DISCHARGE OF WASTE INTO STORM SEWERS AND
                                   WATERCOURSES

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WHEREAS:

A.       The Council has by bylaw provided for the establishment of a system of drainage works for
         impounding, conveying, and discharging of surface and other waters, or both, or a combination of
         them and may regulate in relation to a municipal service;

B.       It is a purpose of local government to foster the environmental well-being of its community;

C.       A municipality may, by bylaw, under Section 8(3)(a) of the Community Charter regulate, prohibit
         and impose requirements in relation to a municipal service and the Municipality provides, operates
         and maintains a municipal drainage system as a service.

D.       A municipality has the authority, by bylaw under section 8(3)(j) of the Community Charter and the
         Spheres of Concurrent Jurisdiction-Environment and Wildlife Regulation, British Columbia Reg.
         144/2004 to regulate and prohibit in relation to polluting or obstructing or impeding the flow of a
         stream, creek, waterway, watercourse, waterworks, ditch, drain or sewer;

E.       The Council may by bylaw pursuant to Section 69(d) of the Community Charter make a
         watercourse part of the municipal drainage system;

F.       The Council may under section 34(1) - of the Community Charter provide works to protect the
         banks of a stream from erosion or damage where it has, by bylaw adopted pursuant to section
         34(2) of the Community Charter, defined the channel or bed of the stream; [Note that Section
         34(1) of the Community Charter like its predecessor section 543(2) of the Local Government Act,
         allows other works as well. Consider whether any of these should be mentioned specifically in the
         preamble if Council wishes to use any of the other authorities under section 34(1).]

G.       The Council may exercise its authority under section 8 of the Community Charter in relation to
         nuisances;

H.       The Council may by bylaw require manufacturers and processors to dispose of the waste from
         their plants in a manner directed by bylaw pursuant to Section 59(1)(c) of the Community Charter;

I.       The Council may by bylaw under Section 907 of the Local Government Act require that an owner
         of land who carries out construction of a paved area or roof area, manage and provide for the
         ongoing disposal of surface run off and stormwater in accordance with the requirements of the
         bylaw;

J.       Where Council has authority to require that something be done, the Council may direct that if a
         person subject to the requirement fails to take the required action, the municipality may fulfill the
         requirement at the person's expense and recover the costs incurred.

[The following is optional - if ticketing actions are included in this bylaw.]




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K.    The Council may by bylaw implement a ticket system pursuant to Division 3 of Part 8 of the
      Community Charter; [Note that under the Community Charter a municipality may create a ticketing
      system directly without having to refer to the Municipal Bylaw Enforcement Ticket Regulation or
      the Chief Judge. The fine limit has been set by regulation at $1,000.00.]


NOW THEREFORE the Council of the [name of municipality] in open meeting assembled enacts as
follows:

1.    Definitions

      [Note: any definitions not used (due to the removal of optional sections) should be
      deleted]

      "Active floodplain" means an area of land within a boundary that is indicated by the
      visible high water mark or water level of a stream that is reached during annual flood
      events as evidenced by riparian area conditions described in the definition of "riparian
      area".

      "Air" means the atmosphere but, except in a storm sewer or a stormwater management
      facility or as the context may otherwise require, does not include the atmosphere inside a
      constructed enclosure that is not open to the weather.

      "Air contaminant" means any substance or odour whether gaseous, liquid, solid or a
      combination that is emitted into the air and that:

      (a)     injures or is capable of injuring the health or safety of a person,

      (b)     injures or is capable of injuring property or any life form,

      (c)     interferes with or is capable of interfering with visibility,

      (d)     interferes with or is capable of interfering with the normal conduct of
              business,

      (e)     causes or is capable of causing material physical discomfort to a person,
              or

      (f)     damages or is capable of damaging the environment.

      "Biomedical waste" means biomedical waste as defined in "Guidelines for the
      Management of Biomedical Waste" established by the Canadian Council of Ministers of
      the Environment (CCME) and dated February, 1992.

      “Business waste” means waste which is produced on a commercial, industrial or
      institutional property.

      "Carpet cleaning waste" means a combination of water carried liquid and solid wastes
      generated as a result of hard and soft surface cleaning activities by means of liquid
      extraction, Bonnet, Absorbent compound, Shampoo or Dry Foam method equipment and
      procedures.

      "Colour" means the true colour of water from which turbidity has been removed, as
      determined by the appropriate procedure in Standard Methods.



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"Composite sample" means a sample which is composed of equivalent portions of a
specified number of grab samples collected manually or automatically at the same
sampling point, at specified times or flow intervals during a specified sampling period.

"Condensed water" means water, which is produced through the process of
condensation and includes condensate drainage from refrigeration equipment, air
conditioning equipment and steam heating systems.

"Contaminant" means any substance, whether dissolved or suspended, or any
wastewater quality parameter that, when present above a certain concentration in
wastewater:

(a)     injures or is capable of injuring the health or safety of a person,

(b)     injures or is capable of injuring property or any life form,

(c)     interferes or is capable of interfering with the proper operation of a sewer
        or stormwater management facility,

(d)     causes or is capable of causing material physical discomfort to a person,
        or

(e)     damages or is capable of damaging the environment.

"Council" means the Council of (name of municipality).

"Development" includes the construction of a building or structure, the placement of fill,
the paving of land or any other alteration to land which causes a change to the existing
drainage characteristics.

"Discharge" means to directly or indirectly introduce a substance by spilling, disposing of,
abandoning, depositing, leaking, seeping, pouring, draining, emptying or by any other
means.

"Domestic waste" means waste, sanitary waste and the water-carried wastes from
drinking, culinary uses, washing, bathing, laundering or food processing which is
produced on a residential property.

"Enactment" means any applicable act, regulation, bylaw, order or authorization, by a
federal, provincial, regional, municipal government or its authorized representatives.

"Engine washing waste" means waste that results from the cleaning of an automobile
engine by water, steam, chemicals or other methods.

"Fecal coliforms" means the portion of coliform bacteria from fecal sources, as
determined by the appropriate procedure in Standard Methods.

"Fish bearing stream" means a stream in which fish are present or potentially present if
introduced barriers or obstructions are either removed or made passable for fish.

"Grab sample" means a sample of water or stormwater collected at a particular time and
place.




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"Impermeable material" means a paved or roof surface that prevents or retards the entry
of water into the soil and which causes stormwater to run off the surface in quantities and
at increased flow rates greater than the quantities and the flow rates of the natural
environment.

"Improvement District" means an improvement district incorporated under the Local
Government Act.

"Manager" means the Stormwater Control Manager appointed by Council, and includes
any other municipal employee acting under his or her authority.

"Municipal drainage system" means storm sewers and stormwater management
facilities owned or operated by the municipality and all watercourses listed in Schedule
"B".

"Municipality" means the (name of municipality).

"Non-domestic waste" means all waste except domestic waste, trucked liquid waste,
sanitary waste, stormwater and uncontaminated water.

"Non fish bearing stream" means a stream that:

(a)     is not inhabited by fish; and

(b)     provides water, food and nutrients to a downstream fish bearing stream or other
        water body.

"Oil and grease" means an organic substance or substances recoverable by procedures
set out in Standard Methods or procedures authorized by the Manager and includes, but
is not limited to, hydrocarbons, esters, fats, oils, waxes, and high-molecular weight
carboxylic acids.

"Owner" means any person who is registered under the Land Title Act as the owner of
land, or any other person who is in lawful possession of land or who is in lawful
possession or occupancy of any buildings situated on the land.

"PCB" means any monochlorinated, dichlorinated, or polychlorinated biphenyl or any
mixture that contains one or more of these.

"Permanent" means, in relation to a fish bearing stream, that it typically contains
continuous surface waters or flows for periods more than six months in duration.

"Permanent structure" means any building or structure that was lawfully constructed,
placed or erected on a secure and long lasting foundation on land in accordance with any
local government bylaw or approval condition in effect at the time of construction,
placement or erection.

"Pesticides" means pesticides regulated under the Pesticide Control Act of British
Columbia.

"pH" means the expression of the acidity or basicity of a solution as defined and
determined by the appropriate procedure described in Standard Methods.




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"Pollution" means the presence in the environment of substances or contaminants that
substantially alter or impair the usefulness of the environment.

"Pool" means any water receptacle designed for decorative purposes or used for
swimming or as a bath or hot tub designed to accommodate more than one bather at a
time.

"Potential vegetation" is considered to exist if there is a reasonable ability for
regeneration either with assistance through enhancement or naturally, and is considered
to not exist on that part of an area covered by a permanent structure.

"Premises" means any land or building or both or any part thereof.

"Prohibited waste" means prohibited waste as defined in Schedule "A" to this bylaw.

"Radioactive materials" means radioactive material as defined in the Atomic Energy
Control Act of Canada and Regulations under that Act.

"Ravine" means a narrow, steep sided valley that is commonly eroded by running water
and with slope grades greater than 3:1.

"Regional District" means the Capital Regional District.

"Residential property" means a property, which is used primarily for the purpose of
residence by persons on a permanent, temporary or seasonal basis.

"Riparian area" means the area adjacent to a stream that may be subject to temporary,
frequent or seasonal inundation, and supports plant species that are typical of an area of
inundated or saturated soil conditions, and that are distinct from plant species on freely
drained adjacent upland sites because of the presence of water.

"Sanitary waste" means waste that contains human feces, urine, blood or body fluids
originating from sanitary conveniences or other sources.

"Special Waste" means special waste as defined in the Waste Management Act of British
Columbia or any legislation that replaces the Waste Management Act.

"Special Waste Regulation" means the Special Waste Regulation enacted pursuant to
the Waste Management Act or any legislation that replaces the Waste Management Act.

"Standard Methods" means the 20th edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of
Water and Wastewater jointly prepared and published from time to time by the American
Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, and the Water
Environment Federation published in 1998.

"Storm sewer" means a pipe, conduit, drain or other equipment or facilities for the
collection and transmission of stormwater or uncontaminated water.

"Stormwater" means water resulting from natural precipitation from the atmosphere.

"Stormwater management facility" means an impoundment and appurtenant structures,
connections and controls for containment, detention or retention of stormwater and its
delayed release at a controlled rate to a receiving storm sewer or watercourse.




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"Stream" includes a pond, lake, river, creek, brook, spring or wetland.

"Streamside protection area" means an area adjacent to a stream that links aquatic or
terrestrial ecosystems and includes both the riparian area vegetation and the adjacent
upland vegetation that exerts an influence on the stream, the width of which is determined
according to Section 5.

"Substance" includes any solid, liquid or gas.

"Suspended solids" means the portion of total solids retained by a filter, as determined
by the appropriate procedure in Standard Methods.

"Top of bank" means the point closest to the wetted boundary of a stream where a break
in the slope of the land occurs such that the grade beyond the break is flatter than 3:1 at
any point for a minimum distance of 15 meters measured perpendicularly from the break.

"Top of ravine bank" means the first significant break in a ravine slope where the break
occurs such that the grade beyond the break is flatter than 3:1 for a minimum distance of
15 metres measured perpendicularly from the break, and the break does not include a
bench within the ravine that could be developed.

"Trucked liquid waste" means any waste that is collected and transported from the site
where the waste originated by means other than discharge to a sewer including, but not
limited to, holding tank waste, septic tank waste, chemical toilet contents, catch basin
waste, oil and grease from interceptors or traps, and other sludges of organic or inorganic
origin.

"Uncontaminated water" means any water excluding stormwater but including cooling
water, condensed water and water from municipal waterworks or a private water supply to
which no contaminant has been added.

"Waste" means any substance whether gaseous, liquid or solid, that is or is intended to
be discharged or discarded, directly or indirectly, to the municipal drainage system.

"Wastewater" means the composite of water and water-carried wastes from residential,
commercial, industrial or institutional premises or any other source.

"Wastewater quality parameter" means any parameter used to describe the quality of
wastewater.

"Water" includes surface water, groundwater and ice.

"Watercourse" means:

(a)     a stream; or

(b)     a canal, ditch, reservoir, stormwater management facility or other man-
        made surface feature designed to carry or hold water or stormwater,

whether it contains or conveys water continuously or intermittently.

"Waterworks" means any works owned or otherwise under the control or jurisdiction of
the Regional District or one or more of its member municipalities or an Improvement
District that collects, treats, transports, or stores drinking water.



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2.    Discharges to Storm Sewers and Watercourses

(1)   No person shall discharge or allow or cause to be discharged into a storm sewer or watercourse
      any of the following:

      (a)     domestic waste;

      (b)     trucked liquid waste;

      (c)     sanitary waste;

      (d)     business waste; or

      (e)     prohibited waste.

(2)   Despite the prohibition contained in subsection 2(1)(a), a person may discharge into a storm
      sewer or watercourse water resulting from domestic activities customarily incidental to a
      residential use of land including:

      (a)     water resulting from natural precipitation, and drainage of such water;

      (b)     water resulting from garden and lawn maintenance, non-commercial car washing,
              building washing and driveway washing; and

      (c)     uncontaminated water.

(3)   Despite the prohibitions contained in subsection 2(1), a person may discharge into a storm sewer
      or watercourse water resulting from the following non-domestic activities:

      (a)     street, hydrant and water main flushing; and

      (b)     firefighting activities.

(4)   Despite the prohibition against business waste contained in subsection (2)(1)(d), a person
      may discharge into a storm sewer or watercourse:

      (a)     water resulting from natural precipitation, and drainage of such water;

      (b)     water resulting from landscaping maintenance;

      (c)     uncontaminated water that does not contain residual chlorine or chloramine; and

      (d)     waste from a business or other activity regulated by a Code of Practice attached
              to this Bylaw where the discharge is carried out in accordance with the Code of
              Practice.


3.    Watercourses as Part of the Municipal Drainage System

      (1)     The channel or bed of each watercourse or portion of watercourse shown on
      Schedule "B" to this bylaw is made part of the municipal drainage system. [ Section 69(d) of
      the Community Charter - legal advice should be sought regarding the liability implications
      associated with this before including any watercourse in the municipal drainage system.]



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(2)   The Council appropriates the channel or bed of the watercourses shown in Column 1 of Part 2 of
      Schedule "B", without compensation to the owner for the purpose of constructing the works
      described in Column 2 of Schedule "B". [Community Charter , Section 34(1) - note that Section
      34(2) requires the local government to first define the bed of the stream by bylaw and
      Section34(3) requires that a certified copy of the bylaw and any subsequent amendments to
      Schedule "B" must be filed in the Land Title Office. Legal advice should be sought before
      exercising this authority in any particular case.]


4.    Approval for Work in Municipal Drainage System

(1)   No person shall, without the prior written approval of the Manager,

      (a)     alter, repair, remove, fill in, reconstruct, divert or carry out any other works within
              the municipal drainage system,

      (b)     enclose any watercourse in a drain or culvert, or

      (c)     cut or remove a tree, cut or remove vegetation, remove or deposit soil, construct
              or build structures, or install drainage works within a streamside protection area of
              a watercourse or portion of a watercourse listed in Schedule "B" where the
              proposed activity or work is likely to impair the quality of stormwater or alter
              stormwater flow patterns or flow rates in a manner that is likely to increase the
              risk of flooding or environmental damage or interfere with the proper functioning
              of the municipal drainage system.

(2)   A person who wishes to do work referred to in subsection (1) shall submit to the Manager:

      (a)     a plan of the proposed work showing the design;

      (b)     a written report evaluating the potential impacts of the proposed work on the
              quality of stormwater and the municipal drainage system or watercourse including
              changes in water flow patterns, hydraulic changes and the potential for flooding;
              and

      (c)     a written report indicating measures that the applicant will take to minimize
              adverse effects on the municipal drainage system or watercourse while the work
              is carried out.

(3)   The Manager may waive the requirement under subsection (2), if, in the opinion of the Manager,
      the proposed works are of such a minor nature that they are unlikely to have any appreciable
      impact on a watercourse or on the municipal drainage system.

(4)   If the Manager reviews an application for approval under this section and determines that the
      proposed work:

      (a)     will not impair the quality of stormwater; and

      (b)     will not alter stormwater flow patterns and flow rates in a manner which is likely to
              increase the risk of flooding, interfere with the proper functioning of the municipal
              drainage system,

      then the Manager may issue the approval.



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5.    Determination of the Width of Streamside Protection Areas

(1)   Streamside protection areas are those areas determined with reference to the following existing or
      potential vegetation conditions by measuring perpendicularly away from the top of the bank or top
      of the ravine bank on either side of a stream:

      (a)     intact and continuous areas of existing or potential vegetation equal to or greater
              than 50 metres wide;

      (b)     limited but continuous areas of existing or potential vegetation equal to 30 metres
              wide or discontinuous but occasionally wider areas of existing or potential
              vegetation between 30 and 50 metres wide;

      (c)     narrow but continuous areas of existing or potential vegetation equal to 15 metres
              wide or discontinuous but occasionally wider areas of existing or potential
              vegetation between 15 and 30 metres wide;

      (d)     very narrow but continuous areas of existing or potential vegetation up to 5
              metres wide or discontinuous but occasionally wider areas of existing or potential
              vegetation between 5 and 15 metres wide interspersed with permanent
              structures.

(2)   With reference to vegetation conditions in subsection (1), streamside protection areas must be:

      (a)     if subsection(1)(a) or (b) applies, 30 metres wide measured perpendicularly away
              from the top of the bank for all fish bearing streams or for non fish bearing
              streams that are permanent;

      (b)     if subsection (1)(a), (b) or (c) applies, 15 metres wide measured perpendicularly
              away from the top of the bank for non fish bearing streams that are non-
              permanent;

      (c)     if subsection (1)(c) applies, 15 metres wide measured perpendicularly away from
              the top of the bank for non fish bearing streams that are permanent;

      (d)     if subsection (1)(d) applies, 15 metres wide measured perpendicularly away from
              the top of the bank for all fish bearing streams;

      (e)     if subsection (1)(d) applies, 5 metres wide measured perpendicularly away from
              the top of the bank for all non fish bearing streams.

(3)   If a stream is in a ravine that is less than 60 metres in total width from top of the ravine bank to top
      of the ravine bank, not including the stream channel within its active floodplain boundaries,
      protection must be consistent with subsection (2)(a) through (e), where appropriate, from the top
      of the ravine bank.

(4)   If a stream is in a ravine that is more than 60 metres in total width from top of the ravine bank to
      top of ravine bank, not including the stream channel within its active floodplain boundaries, a
      streamside protection area must be 10 metres wide measured perpendicularly away from the top
      of the ravine bank.




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6.      Obstructing Watercourses

No person shall obstruct or impede the flow of a watercourse whether or not it is located on private
property.


7.      Restrictions on the Area Covered by Impermeable Material

[Note this may already be adequately covered by a municipal bylaw adopted under Section 907 of the
Local Government Act.]

Where a person proposes any development that will cause the discharge of run off or stormwater to the
municipal drainage system or a watercourse, the area of the parcel covered by impermeable material
must not exceed the percentage of area for the applicable zoning as prescribed in Schedule "C" unless:

        (a)     the person has submitted to the Manager a stormwater management plan that
                manages the stormwater flow rate from the development to protect a receiving
                watercourse, and,

        (b)     the stormwater management plan has been approved in writing by the Manager.


8.      Codes of Practice

[If the bylaw will not actually include a Code of Practice from the outset, then this section may be deleted
as it will not be required. Alternatively, be sure to include Section 13(5) so that this section is not brought
into force when the bylaw is adopted. The section can be brought into force at the time of a subsequent
bylaw amendment adding a Code of Practice by simply deleting Section 13(5).]

(1)     A person who operates a business listed in Schedule "D" must obtain the approval of the Manager
        for the discharge of wastewater to the municipal drainage system in accordance with this section.

(2)     In order to obtain approval for a discharge of wastewater into a municipal drainage system, a
        person who operates a business listed in Schedule "D" must submit to the Manager a completed
        Code of Practice registration form included in Schedule "E" to this bylaw:

        (a)     not more than 90 days after the date of adoption of the applicable Code of
                Practice in the case of a discharging operation in existence on the adoption date;
                or

        (b)     in all other cases, not more than 30 days after the discharging operation
                commences to discharge into a municipal drainage system.

(3)     As a condition of an approval for a discharge of wastewater into a municipal drainage system, a
        person who operates a business listed in Schedule "D" must operate the business in accordance
        with the conditions of the applicable Code of Practice attached as Schedule "X" to intercept and
        manage the quality and quantity of wastewater before it reaches the municipal drainage system.
        [Replace Schedule "X" with the actual schedule designation. Additional schedule references must
        be added as new codes of practice are included in the bylaw.]

(4)     A person referred to in subsection (1) must not discharge wastewater to the municipal drainage
        system unless he or she first installs the stormwater management facilities as required under the
        Code of Practice.




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(5)     The stormwater management facilities required under a Code of Practice must be designed:

        (a)     to conform to design drawings [drawing number] of the [name of municipality]
                municipal engineering specifications attached as Schedule "__" to the [name of
                municipality and citation of Subdivision Servicing Bylaw or applicable part of Land
                Use Bylaw]; or

        (b)     to a standard approved by the Manager that will adequately serve the proposed
                development where the design drawings [drawing numbers] of the engineering
                specifications will not adequately serve the proposed development.

(6)     It is a condition of an approval under this section that a person who operates stormwater
        management facilities under a Code of Practice must:

        (a)     keep the facilities in good operating condition and shall service, maintain and
                repair the stormwater management facilities as required under the Code of
                Practice;

        (b)     keep records of the service, maintenance and repair under paragraph (a) as proof
                of service as required under the Code of Practice.

        (c)     report any change in the ownership, name, location, contact person, telephone
                number, or fax number of the business registered under a Code of Practice to the
                Manager within 30 days of the change by submitting a completed Code of
                Practice registration form referred to in subsection (2) showing the changes; and

        (d)     report any change in the discharging operation that changes the business
                classification applicable to that type of discharging operation within 30 days of the
                change by submitting a Code of Practice registration form referred to in
                subsection (2) describing the changes.

(7)     If a Code of Practice establishes a requirement in relation to a specific discharging operation
        which differs from a provision in this bylaw, the requirement in the Code of Practice prevails.


9.      Appointment of the Stormwater Control Manager

(1)     Council may appoint an officer or employee of the municipality as the Manager.

(2)     The Manager has the powers set out in this bylaw and the responsibilities in relation to the
        administration of this bylaw as set out in the bylaw or resolution appointing him or her.


10.     Inspection

The Manager, an employee of the municipality authorized by the Manager, or a bylaw enforcement officer
may enter at all reasonable times, on any property that is subject to this bylaw to ascertain whether the
regulations of this bylaw are being observed or the requirements of this bylaw are being met.




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11.   Offences and Penalties

(1)   A person who contravenes this bylaw commits an offence and is liable upon conviction to a fine
      not exceeding $10,000. [$10,000 is the new maximum fine permitted under section 263(1)(b) of
      the Community Charter]

(2)   Each day that a violation occurs or continues shall constitute a separate offence.

(3)   [optional] The breach of a section of this bylaw indicated in Column 1 of Schedule "F" and
      described by the words or expressions set out in Column 2 of Schedule "F" may be enforced by
      the issuance of a ticket in the form prescribed under the Local Government Act by the person
      designated in Column 3 of Schedule "F".

(4)   The person committing the offence enforced under subsection (3) is liable to the penalty set out in
      Column 4 of Schedule "F". [Note - the Province has prescribed a maximum fine of $1,000.
      Suggested fine range for ticketable offences is $100 to $300 but the decision is up to local
      governments]


12.   General

(1)   No person shall hinder or prevent the Manager, a person authorized by the Manager, or a bylaw
      enforcement officer from entering any premises or from carrying out his or her duties with respect
      to the administration of this bylaw.

(2)   The schedules annexed to this bylaw shall be deemed to be an integral part of this bylaw.

(3)   If any provision of this bylaw is found to be invalid by a Court of competent jurisdiction it may be
      severed from the bylaw.

(4)   The headings in this bylaw are inserted for convenience and reference only.

(5)   This bylaw, other than Section 8, comes into force upon adoption. [optional see Section 8]


13.   Purpose

(1)   This bylaw must be interpreted in accordance with this section despite any other provision of this
      bylaw.

(2)   This bylaw is enacted for the purpose of regulating discharges to and works and activities in
      relation to watercourses and the municipal drainage system in order to reduce the risk of flooding
      or pollution or interference with the proper functioning of the municipal drainage system. The
      purpose of this bylaw does not extend:

      (a)     to the protection of any person from economic loss;

      (b)     to the assumption by the municipality of responsibility for ensuring that any
              discharge of wastewater to a watercourse or the municipal drainage system, or
              activity or works in relation to watercourses or the municipal drainage system
              does not cause flooding, pollution or interference with the proper functioning of
              the municipal drainage system; or




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        (c)     to provide any person with a warranty that any discharge of wastewater or activity
                or works referred to in paragraph (b) will not cause flooding, pollution or other
                nuisance to any person.

(3)     Nothing in this bylaw shall be interpreted as relieving a person discharging wastewater from
        complying with federal, provincial and local government enactments governing the discharge of
        wastewater into storm sewers and watercourses, and in the event of a conflict between the
        provisions of this bylaw and a Federal or Provincial enactment, the provisions of the Federal or
        Provincial enactment shall prevail.


14.     Citation

This bylaw may be cited for all purposes as [correct title and No. to be inserted].



READ A FIRST TIME THIS                          day of                                                          2004

READ A SECOND TIME THIS                         day of                                                          2004

READ A THIRD TIME THIS                          day of                                                          2004



ADOPTED THIS                                    day of                                                          2004




Mayor                                                                 [Title of person responsible for
                                                                      Corporate Administration]




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                                                                                                       Revised July 21, 2004
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                                            SCHEDULE "A"

                                         PROHIBITED WASTE

Prohibited Waste means:

1.      Special Waste

Special Waste as defined by the Waste Management Act (British Columbia) and its Regulations or any
legislation that replaces the Waste Management Act.

2.      Biomedical Waste

Any Biomedical Waste.

3.      Air Contaminant Waste

Any waste which, by itself or in combination with another substance, is capable of creating, causing or
introducing an air contaminant, causing air pollution outside any storm sewer or stormwater management
facility or is capable of creating, causing or introducing an air contaminant within any storm sewer or
stormwater management facility which would prevent safe entry by authorized personnel.

4.      Flammable or Explosive Waste

Any waste, which by itself or in combination with another substance, is capable of causing or contributing
to an explosion or supporting combustion in any storm sewer, watercourse or stormwater management
facility including, but not limited to gasoline, naphtha, propane, diesel, fuel oil, kerosene or alcohol.

5.      Obstructive Waste

Any waste which by itself or in combination with another substance is capable of obstructing the flow of,
or interfering with, the operation, performance or flow of any storm sewer, watercourse or stormwater
management facility including, but not limited to earth, sand, sweepings, gardening or agricultural waste,
ash, chemicals, paint, metal, glass, sharps, rags, cloth, tar, asphalt, cement-based products, plastic,
wood, waste portions of animals, fish or fowl, and solidified fat.

6.      Corrosive Waste

Any waste with corrosive properties which, by itself, or in combination with any other substance, may
cause damage to any storm sewer or stormwater management facility or which may prevent safe entry by
authorized personnel.

7.      High Temperature Waste

        (a)     Any waste which, by itself or in combination with another substance, will create
                heat in amounts which will interfere with the operation and maintenance of a
                storm sewer or stormwater management facility;

        (b)     Any waste which will raise the temperature of waste discharged by a storm
                sewer, watercourse or stormwater management facility by 1 degree Celsius or
                more;



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        (c)     Any waste with a temperature of 18 degrees Celsius or more at the point of
                discharge.

8.      PCBs and Pesticides

Any waste containing PCBs or pesticides.

9.      Pool Water

Any water from a pool containing residual chlorine, chloramine, bromine or chloride.

10.     Radioactive Waste

Any waste containing radioactive materials that, prior to the point of discharge into a storm sewer or
watercourse, exceeds radioactivity limitations as established by the Atomic Energy Control Board of
Canada.

11.     pH Waste

Any waste which, prior to the point of discharge into a storm sewer or watercourse, has a pH lower than
6.5 or higher than 9.0 as determined by either a grab sample or composite sample.

12.     Dyes and Colouring Material

Dyes or colouring materials which produce in a grab sample or composite sample a colour value greater
than or equal to 15 true colour units (mg/L Pt), or that causes discolouration of water to such an extent
that the colour cannot be determined by the visual comparison method as set out in Standard Methods
except where the dye is used by a municipality or regional district as a tracer.

13.     Miscellaneous Wastes

Any waste which by itself or in combination with another substance:

(a)     constitutes or may constitute a health or safety hazard to any person;

(b)     causes pollution in any storm sewer, watercourse or stormwater management facility.

14.     Disinfectant Process Water

Any water from a waterworks containing residual chlorine or chloramine remaining from the disinfection of
the waterworks or any part of the waterworks but does not include water containing chlorine or
chloramine ordinarily added to a supply of potable water by a municipality, the Regional District or an
Improvement District.

15.     Fill

Soil, sand, clay, gravel, rock or other material of which land is composed.




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16.     Total Oil and Grease

Any wastewater that contains a total oil and grease concentration that exceeds 15 milligrams per liter as
determined by either a grab sample or a composite sample.

17.     Wastewater containing Suspended Solids

Any wastewater that contains Suspended Solids in concentrations that would:

        (a)     exceed 75 milligrams per liter as determined by either a grab sample or a
                composite sample, or

        (b)     cause the water quality in the watercourse receiving the wastewater to exceed
                the maximum induced suspended sediments guidelines as set out in Table 2 in
                the "British Columbia Approved Water Quality Guidelines (Criteria): 1998
                Edition, Updated January 17, 2001" published by the Ministry of Environment,
                Lands and Parks.

18.     Wastewater containing Fecal Coliforms

Any wastewater that contains fecal coliforms in concentrations above 200 colony counts/100 mL as
determined by a Grab Sample or Composite Sample.

19.     Carpet Cleaning Wastes

Any carpet cleaning waste.

20.     Waste Containing Phosphorous

Any waste which, prior to the point of discharge into a storm sewer or watercourse, contains a total
phosphorus concentration greater than 1.0 mg/L as determined by either a grab sample or composite
sample.

NOTE: Municipalities may wish to designate special areas for more stringent nutrient (Phosphorus and
nitrogen) restrictions through a reference to a separate schedule. A definition for this option is:

Any waste, which, prior to the point of discharge into a storm sewer or watercourse, contains a Total
Phosphorus concentration greater than the concentrations as defined in Schedule "XX" for the designated
area.

21.     Wastewater from Garbage Containers and Restaurant Grease Containers

Any wastewater that contains liquid waste that originates from within garbage containers over two cubic
meters in volume and any size of restaurant waste grease containers.

NOTE: This sets a minimum size of garbage container and specifies that we want to prohibit the liquid
from inside the container (and contacting the garbage), rather than liquid that would run off the outside of
the container.




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22.     Turbidity

Any wastewater with a turbidity that would:

        (a)     exceed 50 nephelometric turbidity units (NTU) as determined by either a grab sample or
                a composite sample, or

        (b)     cause the water quality in the watercourse receiving the wastewater to exceed the
                maximum induced turbidity guidelines as set out in Table 2 in the "British Columbia
                Approved Water Quality Guidelines (Criteria): 1998 Edition, Updated January 17, 2001"
                published by the Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks.

23.     Engine Washing Wastes

Any engine washing waste.

24.     Chloride

Any waste which, prior to the point of discharge into a storm sewer or watercourse, contains a chloride
concentration greater than 1000 mg/L as determined by either a grab sample or composite sample.




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                                            SCHEDULE "B"

                       LIST OF WATERCOURSES DESIGNATED AS PART OF
                             THE MUNICIPAL DRAINAGE SYSTEM OR
                      APPROPRIATED FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF WORKS

                      DRAFT - EXAMPLE FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES ONLY

Part 1 - Watercourses Designated as Part of Municipal Drainage System

[Schedule "B" will consist of a list of watercourses and official legal maps to define each watercourse to
be designated as part of the municipal drainage system (Section 3(1) of the bylaw) or to be appropriated
for works (Section 3(2) of the bylaw). In most cases, Schedule "B" will be too cumbersome to be included
as an attachment in copies of the bylaw. Similar to official zoning maps, copies of the schedule will be
available at City Hall for public access and purchase.]

Part 2 - Watercourses Appropriated for Works Construction

Section 3(2) [This may be deleted if unnecessary.]

                   COLUMN 1                                                   COLUMN 2
                   Watercourse                                          Works to be Constructed




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                                               SCHEDULE "C"

                    RESTRICTIONS ON THE PERCENTAGE OF AREA COVERED
                     BY IMPERMEABLE MATERIAL FOR SPECIFIED ZONING



[Each municipality will use references to its own zoning designations and limits on paved or roofed areas.]

                                    COLUMN 1                                                   COLUMN 2
                                     ZONING                                           Maximum Percentage of
                                                                                     Allowable Area Covered by
                                                                                         Impermeable Area:

1. Agriculture - AA-1, RA-1                                                                           %

2. Single Family Dwelling - RS-1, RS-2, RS-3, RS-4, RS-5                                              %

3. Single Family Dwelling - RS-6, RS-7, RS-8, RS-9A, RS-9B                                            %

4. Two-Family Dwelling - RT-1, RT-2A, RT-2B, RT-2C, RT-7                                              %

5. Two-Family Dwelling - RT-3, RT-4, RT-5, RT-6, RT-8                                                 %

6. Multiple-Family Dwelling - RM-1, RM-2, RM-5A, RM-5B                                                %

7. Multiple-Family Dwelling - RM-3A, RM-3B, RM-6                                                      %

8. Commercial - C-1, C-2, C-3, C-4, C-8                                                               %

9. Commercial - C-5, C-6, C-7                                                                         %

10. Industrial - MC-1A, MC-1B, MC-2                                                                   %

11. Industrial - IC-1, IC-2, IC-3                                                                     %

12. Historical Areas - HA-1,HA-2                                                           No limit applicable

13. Comprehensive Development - CD-1, CD-2                                                            %




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                                           SCHEDULE "D"

                               LIST OF BUSINESS CLASSIFICATIONS
                                SUBJECT TO A CODE OF PRACTICE

                      DRAFT - EXAMPLE FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES ONLY


The following codes of practice have been adopted by the [name of municipality].

                                                                                  Appended to this Bylaw
 Business Classification Subject to a Code of Practice
                                                                                      as Schedule

 1. Automotive and Parking Operations                                                             G

 2. Development and Construction Activities                                                       H

 3. Building and Window Washing Operations                                                        I

 4. On-site Carpet and Upholstery Cleaning                                                        J

 5. Landscaping and Gardening Operations                                                          K

 6. Painting Operations                                                                           L




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                                               SCHEDULE "E"

                              CODE OF PRACTICE REGISTRATION FORM

                       DRAFT - EXAMPLE FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES ONLY

                              Environmental Programs, [name of municipality],
                                [Address], [Municipality], BC [Postal Code]
                              Tel. (250) [Telephone No.], Fax. (250) [Fax No.]

The following is an application to register a discharging operation under a CODE OF PRACTICE as
outlined in [name of municipality] Storm Sewer Bylaw No. XXXX or to change or cancel an existing
registration. This application is to be filed with the Manager, at the above address, within 90 days of the
[name of municipality] Council adoption of the Code of Practice for a specific sector or within 30 days of a
operation commencing discharge into the municipal drainage system. To apply for a change of
information or cancellation of an existing registration, an application is to be filed with the Manager within
30 days of the date on which the applied changes will take effect at the operation.

1.       Operation Name (name of company, partnership or individual or institution)
Company Name:

2.       Request

The company hereby applies to (check one of the main sections and any applicable subsections):

           Register as a discharging operation under one or more of the following Codes of Practice:

                 Check applicable code(s) below:
                 [Schedule letters are examples for discussion purposes only]
                       Automotive Operations as outlined in Schedule "G"
                       Industrial/Commercial Yard Storage as outlined in Schedule "H"
                       Construction Site Operations as outlined in Schedule "I"
                       Parking Lot Maintenance Operations as outlined in Schedule "J", or
                                                              as outlined in Schedule

          Change existing Code of Practice registration #
     Reason for change:



          Cancel existing Code of Practice registration #
     Reason for cancellation:




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3.      Registrant Information (Complete All)

Company Name:

Located at:

        Suite Number:
        Street Address:
        City:                                                       Postal Code:
        Telephone:                                                  Fax:

Mailing Address (if different from above):

        Suite Number:
        Street Address:
        City:
        Postal Code:

4.      Contact Information

Owner
Name:
Telephone:                             Fax:                              Email:


Facility Manager
Name:
Telephone:                             Fax:                              Email:


5.      Declaration

I hereby acknowledge that the information on this form is correct to the best of my knowledge.

Signature:                                                               Date:
Name (print):                                                            Title:

NOTE: This information is collected under the authority of the [cite bylaw using title from Section 15].
Inquiries about the collection and use of information in this form can be directed to the Freedom of
Information and Privacy Contact at (250) [phone number] or [email address].




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                                                                                                   VERSION 12
                                                                                                      DRAFT
                                              SCHEDULE "F"

                                  TICKETING OFFENCES AND FINES

                       DRAFT - EXAMPLE FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES ONLY


  COLUMN 1             COLUMN 2                         COLUMN 3                               COLUMN 4
   Section           Word or Phrase                 Enforcement Officer                          Fine
                  describing the offence

4(1)(a)          carry out works without       Bylaw Enforcement Officer                            $250
                 approval


4(1)(b)          enclose watercourse           Bylaw Enforcement Officer                            $250
                 without approval


4(1)(c)          carry out work in             Bylaw Enforcement Officer                            $250
                 streamside protection area
                 without approval


8(3)             failure to discharge in       Bylaw Enforcement Officer                            $250
                 accordance with a Code of
                 Practice


 This schedule defines which offences are ticketable and their related fines. Please note that the
 list is not complete and each municipality should review which offences should be included. We
 strongly recommend that the municipalities work together to standardize offences and penalties.

 [Revisions to update the Municipal Bylaw Enforcement Ticket Regulation may
 result in other sections of the Act being clearly eligible for ticketable offences.]




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                                                                                                     Revised July 21, 2004
Schedule “X”
                                                                                       VERSION 12
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                                SCHEDULE "X"


               [Codes of practice will be inserted here as required]




                                       C:\Temp\HDM-#45301-v12A-ENHANCED_CRD_MODEL_STORM_SEWER_BYLAW.DOC
                                                                                         Revised July 21, 2004
                                                     SCHEDULE "X"

         MODEL CODE OF PRACTICE FOR AUTOMOTIVE AND PARKING LOT OPERATIONS


1.0      APPLICATION

         1.1       This code of practice describes the terms and conditions of an approval for discharge of
                   wastewater from automotive operations and parking lot operations into a municipal
                   drainage system.

         1.2       In this code of practice:

                   (a)       "automotive operation" means sales, rental, service, fueling, repair, or
                             maintenance of vehicles by any commercial, industrial or institutional operation or
                             by a public authority and includes vehicle wash operations;

                   (b)       “cleaned out” means to have the settled material and floating material collected
                             in the stormwater rehabilitation unit removed and disposed in an manner that
                             meets all regulations;

                   (c)       “display vehicle rinse operation” means the rinsing of the exterior of a vehicle
                             while the vehicle is located in a display area by any vehicle dealership;

                   (d)       “drive through lane” means an area for vehicles for customer service provided
                             to a customer while the customer remains within a motor vehicle;

                   (e)       “operator” means the owner of the business responsible for the activities on the
                             site or an appointed designate in charge of the site and subsequent activities;

                   (f)       “parking lot operation” means the provision of one or more drive through lanes
                             or spaces (covered or uncovered) to store an unattended vehicle by any
                             multi-family residential, commercial, industrial or institutional operation or by a
                             public authority, but does not include roads and streets or properties that have
                             fewer than 10 parking spaces;

                   (g)       “sampling point” means a location where a representative sample of the
                             discharge into the municipal drainage system may be collected;

                   (h)       “spill” means a release or discharge into the storm sewer or watercourse of a
                             substance that causes or may cause the stormwater discharge from the site to
                             exceed the restrictions specified in Schedule “A”;

                   (i)       “storage containment area” means an area with a containment system
                             constructed of an impervious material and designed to prevent the release of a
                             liquid material stored in a primary container from entering the municipal drainage
                             system in the case of a spill or rupture of the primary container;

                   (j)       "stormwater rehabilitation unit" means works or technology that will achieve a
                             stormwater quality that meets the restrictions specified in Schedule “A” of this
                             bylaw under the conditions of a two-year storm event; (Municipalities may wish to
                             replace this with an equivalent amount of rainfall; for example, 7.5 mm in one
                             hour.)

                   (k)       “vehicle” means a vehicle as defined under the Motor Vehicle Act as amended
                             from time to time;



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                   (l)       “vehicle wash operation” means the washing of the exterior of a vehicle by any
                             commercial, industrial or institutional operation or by a public authority, but does
                             not include a display vehicle rinse operation.

2.0      DISCHARGE REGULATIONS

         2.1       An operator of an automotive operation or parking lot operation must not discharge
                   wastewater which, at the point of discharge into the municipal drainage system, contains:

                   (a)       water that accumulates in any fuel or storage tank, with the exception of water
                             storage tanks and other tanks that have been properly cleaned to remove
                             residual contaminants;

                   (b)       water that accumulates in a storage containment area;

                   (c)       rinse water from equipment and parts that have been washed in solvent;

                   (d)       wash and rinse water from interior floor washing activities;

                   (e)       wash and rinse water from a vehicle wash operation that could cause the
                             discharge to exceed the levels in Schedule “A”;

                   (f)       liquid waste from uncovered storage areas that contain used auto parts and other
                             stored materials that may contribute contaminants and that could cause the
                             discharge to exceed the levels in Schedule “A”.

         2.2       An operator of an automotive operation or parking lot operation that commences
                   operation after [Date of Adoption of Code of Practice] and which discharges wastewater
                   other than stormwater from roof drains into the municipal drainage system must install
                   and maintain one or more stormwater rehabilitation units to treat the collected stormwater
                   prior to discharge.

         2.3       An operator of an automotive operation or parking lot operation operating on [Date of
                   Adoption of Code of Practice] which does not have a stormwater rehabilitation unit must
                   install one or more stormwater rehabilitation units within three years of adoption of this
                   code.

         2.4       A stormwater rehabilitation unit installed under sections 2.2 and 2.3 must:

                   (a)       ensure that the discharge into the municipal drainage system is equipped with a
                             sampling point; and

                   (b)       have the sampling point readily and easily accessible at all times for inspection.

         2.5       An operator of an automotive operation or parking lot operation who installs a stormwater
                   rehabilitation unit on or after [Date of Adoption of Code of Practice] must locate the
                   stormwater rehabilitation unit so that it is readily and easily accessible for inspection and
                   maintenance.

         2.6       An operator of an automotive operation or parking lot operation subject to sections 2.2 or
                   2.3 must ensure that all stormwater, with the exception of stormwater from roof drains
                   and perimeter drains, from the automotive operation, vehicle wash operation or parking
                   lot operation is directed to one or more stormwater rehabilitation units before being
                   discharged into the municipal drainage system.




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         2.7       An operator of an automotive operation or parking lot operation must not dispose of oil
                   and grease, solids or other material accumulated in a stormwater rehabilitation unit into
                   the municipal drainage system.

         2.8       An operator of an automotive operation or parking lot operation must not use or permit
                   the use of intentional high volume flows of stormwater or chemical agents, solvents, hot
                   water or other agents to facilitate the passage of oil and grease through a stormwater
                   rehabilitation unit.

         2.9       An operator of an automotive operation or parking lot operation:

                   (a)       must not permit floating oil and grease to accumulate in the stormwater
                             rehabilitation unit in excess of 75% of the design capacity of the stormwater
                             rehabilitation unit;

                   (b)       must not permit the settled solids to accumulate in the stormwater rehabilitation
                             unit in excess of 75% of the design capacity;

                   (c)       must inspect the stormwater rehabilitation unit and measure the accumulated
                             solids and floating oils at least once every 12 months to verify the requirements
                             under (a) and (b);

                   (d)       must clean or cause the cleaning of the stormwater rehabilitation unit within
                             seven working days of determining that any levels prescribed in section (b) or (c)
                             have been exceeded.

         2.10      An operator of an automotive operation or parking lot operation must ensure that
                   solvents, antifreeze, oil, automotive liquids and other hazardous materials be stored
                   within a secondary spill containment system to prevent the discharge of spilled material
                   into the municipal drainage system if:

                   a)        the materials are stored at ground level; and

                   b)        the materials are stored in containers over 50 litres; and

                   c)        the materials are not contained in permanent engineered containers that are
                             protected from vehicle contact; and

                   d)        the storage of the materials is not otherwise regulated by an enactment.

         2.11      An operator of an automotive operation or parking lot operation operating on [Date of
                   Adoption of Code of Practice] must prepare a spill response plan by [six months after the
                   Date of Adoption of Code of Practice].

         2.12      An operator of an automotive operation or parking lot operation that commences
                   operation after [Date of Adoption of Code of Practice] must prepare a spill response plan
                   within 60 days of commencing operation.

         2.13      The spill response plan must:

                   (a)       specify the response for containment and clean-up of all spills of hazardous
                             material;

                   (b)       define the roles and responsibilities of the operations personnel for spill
                             response;



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                   (c)       include contact names and telephone numbers for appropriate agencies; and

                   (d)       provide a check-list of spill response equipment and supplies.

         2.14      In the event of a spill, an operator of an automotive operation or parking lot operation
                   must prevent the spilled material from entering the municipal drainage system.

         2.15      As part of a spill response plan, an operator of an automotive operation or parking lot
                   operation who operates a stormwater rehabilitation unit must inspect the stormwater
                   rehabilitation unit for spilled material within four hours after a spill has been detected.

         2.16      An operator of an automotive operation must keep spill prevention and clean-up
                   equipment and supplies at the business location and in stock at all times.

         2.17      An operator of a parking lot operation must keep spill prevention and clean-up equipment
                   and supplies in stock at all times and readily available for use.

3.0      RECORD KEEPING AND RETENTION

         3.1       An operator of an automotive operation or parking lot operation must keep a record of all
                   inspection and maintenance activities in relation to the stormwater rehabilitation unit,
                   including:

                   (a)       the date of inspection or maintenance;

                   (b)       a description of maintenance conducted; and

                   (c)       the name and address of the disposal or recycling company or facility handling
                             the material removed from the stormwater rehabilitation unit.

         3.2       An operator of an automotive operation or parking lot operation must keep a record at the
                   automotive operation of all spills, including:

                   (a)       the date of spill;

                   (b)       the type of material spilled;

                   (c)       the quantity of material spilled; and

                   (d)       the spill response action.

         3.3       An operator of an automotive operation or parking lot operation must keep the spill
                   response plans required under sections 2.11 and 2.12 available for inspection by a bylaw
                   enforcement officer or the manager.

         3.4       The records required under sections 3.1 and 3.2 shall be retained for a period of two
                   years and shall be available for inspection by a bylaw enforcement officer or the
                   manager.

END




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                                                     SCHEDULE "X"

        MODEL CODE OF PRACTICE FOR CONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES


1.0      APPLICATION

         1.1       This code of practice describes the terms and conditions for the discharge of wastewater
                   from construction or development activities into a municipal drainage system and
                   watercourse.

         1.2       The following activities are exempt from this code of practice:

                   (a)       excavation for cemetery graves;

                   (b)       well drilling;

                   (c)       interior demolition and construction;

                   (d)       normal farm practices;

                   (e)       mining;

                   (f)       landscaping activities.

         1.3       In this code of practice:

                   (a)       “alteration of land” means the removal of vegetation from more than 10% of the
                             area of the property or the excavation or addition of more than 20 cubic meters of
                             soil within a 12-month period.

                   (b)       "construction or development activity" means the alteration of land,
                             construction and alteration of buildings and structures, and demolition of
                             buildings and structures by any commercial, industrial or institutional operation or
                             by a public authority, but does not include agricultural activities.

                   (c)       “equipment washing activities” means any activity that involves washing the
                             exterior of a self-propelled piece of equipment or motor vehicle.

                   (d)       “fuel storage tank” means a tank designed to hold more than 25 litres of fuel,
                             but does not include fuel tanks in or affixed to motor vehicles.

                   (e)       “landscaping activities” means the installation and maintenance of vegetation
                             and non-structural features in the unpaved areas of the property, but does not
                             include excavation of over 20 cubic meters of soil or removal of vegetation from
                             less than 10% of the area of the property within a 12-month period.

                   (f)       “operator” means the owner of the land or an appointed designate responsible
                             for the site or activities on the site.

                   (g)       “sampling point” means a location where a representative sample of the
                             discharge may be collected.

                   (h)       “spill” means a release or discharge into the site drainage system or municipal
                             drainage system of a substance that causes or may cause the stormwater
                             discharge from the site to exceed the restrictions specified in Schedule “A”, but
                             does not include the release or discharge of suspended solids.


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                   (i)       “storage containment area” means an area with a containment system
                             constructed of an impervious material and designed to prevent the release of a
                             liquid material stored in a primary container from entering the municipal drainage
                             system in the case of a spill or rupture of the primary container.

                   (j)       "stormwater rehabilitation plan" means works, technology, or procedures that
                             will result in stormwater that meets the restrictions specified in Schedule “A” of
                             this bylaw under the conditions of a two-year storm event (municipalities may
                             wish to replace this with an equivalent amount of rainfall; for example, 7.5 mm in
                             one hour).

                   (k)       "stormwater rehabilitation works" means works or technology installed or
                             operated under a stormwater rehabilitation plan for a stormwater collection
                             system connected to a municipal drainage system.

                   (l)       “two-year storm event” means a rainfall event with a return period of two years.
                             [Note: remove this definition if a rainfall amount is specified in 1.3(j).]

2.0      DISCHARGE REGULATIONS

         2.1       An operator of a construction or development activity must not discharge wastewater
                   which, at the point of discharge into the municipal drainage system or watercourse,
                   contains:

                   (a)       prohibited wastes as defined in Schedule “A”;

                   (b)       water that accumulates in any fuel or storage tank, with the exception of water
                             storage tanks and other tanks that have been properly cleaned to remove
                             residual contaminants;

                   (c)       water that accumulates in a storage containment area;

                   (d)       water containing cement or concrete;

                   (e)       wash and rinse water from equipment washing activities, with the exception of
                             wash and rinse water on lands that are designated as a quarantine area under
                             the Golden Nematode Order (SOR/80-260) issued under the federal Plant
                             Protection Act.

         2.2       An operator of a construction or development activity that discharges wastewater, other
                   than stormwater from roof drains and perimeter drains, into the municipal drainage
                   system or a watercourse must implement a stormwater rehabilitation plan to ensure that
                   the discharge quality meets the restrictions specified in Schedule “A”.

         2.3       Stormwater rehabilitation works installed under a stormwater rehabilitation plan, as
                   required under Section 2.2, must include a sampling point prior to discharge into the
                   municipal drainage system or watercourse.

         2.4       An operator of a construction or development activity must ensure that a sampling point,
                   if required under Section 2.3, is readily and easily accessible for inspection.

         2.5       An operator of a construction or development activity must not dispose of solids or other
                   material accumulated in any stormwater rehabilitation works into the municipal drainage
                   system.

         2.6       An operator of a construction or development activity:


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                   (a)       must inspect the stormwater rehabilitation works at least once per week to verify
                             that the stormwater rehabilitation works are in good operating condition;

                   (b)       must inspect the stormwater rehabilitation works at least once per day during a
                             day with precipitation to verify that the stormwater rehabilitation works are in
                             good operating condition;

                   (c)       must demonstrate due diligence to mitigate the impacts and restore the
                             stormwater rehabilitation works to good operating condition if the stormwater
                             rehabilitation works are found to be not operating as designed.

         2.7       An operator of a construction or development activity, except for construction on a
                   municipal roadway under a valid permit, must ensure that silt, soil, sand, gravel and other
                   granular material is not deposited onto roadways or other property owned by the
                   municipality.

         2.8       An operator of a construction or development activity must ensure that hazardous
                   materials and hazardous wastes, not otherwise regulated under the Fire Code or the
                   Waste Management Act, in amounts over 25 kg or 25 litres, be stored in a manner that
                   will prevent the discharge of spilled material into the municipal drainage system.

         2.9       An operator of a construction or development activity must prepare a spill response plan
                   suitable for the site.

         2.10      The spill response plan must:

                   (a)       specify the response for containment and clean-up of all spills;

                   (b)       define the roles and responsibilities of the operations personnel for spill
                             response;

                   (c)       include contact names and telephone numbers for appropriate agencies; and

                   (d)       provide a check-list of spill response equipment and supplies.

         2.11      An operator of a construction or development activity must keep a copy of the spill
                   response plan, required under Section 2.9, at the site and available for inspection by the
                   manager or bylaw enforcement officer.

         2.12      In the event of a spill, an operator of a construction or development activity must prevent
                   the spilled material from entering the municipal drainage system or a watercourse.

         2.13      During a spill response, an operator of a construction or development activity who
                   operates stormwater rehabilitation works must inspect the stormwater rehabilitation works
                   for spilled material.

         2.14      If an operator of a construction or development activity detects or observes spilled
                   material in the stormwater rehabilitation works that may cause the discharge to exceed
                   the restrictions specified in Schedule “A”, then the operator of the construction or
                   development activity must remove the spilled material immediately or cease discharge to
                   the municipal drainage system or watercourse until the material has been removed.

         2.15      An operator of a construction or development activity must keep spill prevention and
                   clean-up equipment and supplies in stock at all times and readily available for use.



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3.0      RECORD KEEPING AND RETENTION

         3.1       An operator of a construction or development activity must keep a record of all inspection
                   and maintenance activities in relation to the stormwater rehabilitation works, including:

                   (a)       the date of inspection or maintenance;

                   (b)       a description of maintenance conducted; and

                   (c)       a description of the disposition of the material removed from the stormwater
                             rehabilitation works, including name and address of any disposal or recycling
                             companies receiving the material.

         3.2       An operator of a construction or development activity must keep a record of all spills,
                   including:

                   (a)       the date of spill;

                   (b)       the type of material spilled;

                   (c)       the quantity of material spilled; and

                   (d)       the spill response action.

         3.3       The records required under sections 3.1 and 3.2 shall be retained for a period of two
                   years and shall be available for inspection.

END




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                                                     SCHEDULE "X"

                             CODE OF PRACTICE FOR RECREATION FACILITIES

1.0      APPLICATION

1.1      This code of practice describes the terms and conditions of an approval for discharge of
         wastewater from recreation facility operations into a municipal drainage system.

1.2      This code of practice does not apply to a recreation facility operation within a hotel, motel or other
         business that provides accommodation to the travelling or vacationing public.

1.3      In this code of practice:

         a)        "ice paint" means a substance added to ice to impart a colour or otherwise alter the
                   visual properties of ice.

         b)        "ice" and "ice surface" means ice maintained for recreational activities.

         c)        "operator" means the owner of the business responsible for the activities on the site or
                   an appointed designate in charge of the site and subsequent activities.

         d)        "recreation facility operation" means any local government, educational institution or
                   commercial facility containing one or more of the following: ice arena, curling rink, water
                   park or pool.

         e)        "spill" means a release or discharge into the municipal drainage system of a substance
                   that causes or may cause the stormwater discharge from the site to exceed the
                   restrictions specified in Schedule "A".

         f)        "stormwater rehabilitation unit" means works or technology that will achieve a
                   stormwater quality that meets the restrictions specified in Schedule "A" of this bylaw
                   under the conditions of a two-year storm event (municipalities may wish to replace this
                   with an equivalent amount of rainfall; for example, "7.5 mm in one hour").

2.0      DISCHARGE REGULATIONS

2.1      An operator of a recreation facility operation must not discharge wastewater which, at the point of
         discharge into the municipal drainage system, contains:

         a)        any pool water that would cause the discharge to exceed the levels in Schedule "A";

         b)        wastewater from the back-flushing of pool filters that would cause the discharge to
                   exceed the levels in Schedule "A";

         c)        melted ice water that would cause the discharge to exceed the levels in Schedule "A".

2.2      An operator of a recreation facility operation that commences operation after [Date of Adoption of
         Code of Practice] and which discharges wastewater other than stormwater from roof drains into
         the municipal drainage system must install and maintain one or more stormwater rehabilitation
         units to treat the collected wastewater prior to discharge.

2.3      An operator of a recreation facility operation operating on [Date of Adoption of Code of Practice]
         which does not have a stormwater rehabilitation unit must install one or more stormwater
         rehabilitation units within three years of adoption of this code.

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3.0      SPILL PREVENTION

3.1      An operator of a recreation facility operation operating on [Date of Adoption of Code of Practice]
         must prepare a spill response plan by [six months after the Date of Adoption of Code of Practice].

3.2      An operator of a recreation facility operation that commences operation after [Date of Adoption of
         Code of Practice] must prepare a spill response plan within 60 days of commencing operation.

3.3      The spill response plan must:

         a)        specify the response for containment and clean-up of all spills of hazardous material;

         b)        define the roles and responsibilities of the operations personnel for spill response;

         c)        include contact names and telephone numbers for appropriate agencies; and

         d)        provide a check-list of spill response equipment and supplies.

3.4      An operator of a recreation facility operation must keep a copy of the spill response plan, required
         under Section 3.1, at the site and available for inspection by the manager or bylaw enforcement
         officer.

3.5      In the event of a spill, an operator of a recreation facility operation must prevent the spilled
         material from entering the municipal drainage system.

3.6      An operator of a recreation facility operation storing one or more of the following:

         a)        chemicals required for the treatment of pool water;

         b)        refrigerant used in the refrigeration process;

         c)        coolant that is used in the ice surface refrigeration system; and

         d)        ice paint

         must ensure that the materials are stored within a spill containment system that is designed to
         prevent the spill of such a substance into the municipal drainage system.

4.0      RECORD KEEPING AND RETENTION

4.1      An operator of a recreation facility operation must keep a record of all inspection and
         maintenance activities in relation to the stormwater rehabilitation unit, including:

         a)        the date of inspection or maintenance;

         b)        a description of maintenance conducted; and

         c)        the name and address of the disposal or recycling company or facility handling the
                   material removed from the stormwater rehabilitation unit.

4.2      An operator of a recreation facility operation must keep a record of all spills including:

         a)        the date of spill;

         b)        the type of material spilled;


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         c)        the quantity of material spilled; and

         d)        the spill response action.

4.3      An operator of a recreation facility operation must keep the spill response plans required under
         sections 3.1 and 3.2 available for inspection by a bylaw enforcement officer or the manager.

4.4      The records required under Section 4.1 shall be retained for a period of two years and shall be
         available for inspection by a bylaw enforcement officer or the manager.




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                                                      SCHEDULE "X"

                                CODE OF PRACTICE FOR STREETS AND ROADS


1.0      APPLICATION

1.1      This code of practice describes the terms and conditions of an approval for discharge of drainage
         water from a highway or private road into a municipal drainage system.

1.2      In this code of practice:

         (a)       "central stormwater rehabilitation unit" means works or technology that will treat
                   drainage water collected and conveyed by the municipal drainage system to achieve a
                   quality that meets the restrictions specified in Schedule "A" of this bylaw under the
                   conditions of a two-year storm event.

         (b)       "cleaned out" means to have the settled material and floating material that is collected in
                   the stormwater rehabilitation unit removed and disposed in a manner that meets all
                   regulations.

         (c)       "drainage water" means stormwater and other water that drains from a street or road.

         (d)       "highway" means a highway as defined in the Community Charter.

         (e)       "operator of a highway or private road" includes an owner of a highway or private
                   road.

         (f)       "owner" means the person in whom title to a highway or private road is vested and
                   includes the holder of a right-of-way or easement under which the holder has
                   responsibility for the maintenance and repair of the highway or private road.

         (g)       "parking lot operation" means the provision of one or more drive through lanes or
                   spaces (covered or uncovered) to store an unattended vehicle by any multi-family
                   residential, commercial, industrial or institutional operation or by a public authority, but
                   does not include parking spaces on a highway or private road or properties on which
                   fewer than ten parking spaces are located.

         (h)       "private road" means a way or right-of-way located on private land that is developed for
                   use by vehicles as a means of providing access to three or more parcels, or three or
                   more commercial premises.

         (i)       "sampling point" means a location where a representative sample of the discharge into
                   the municipal drainage system may be collected.

         (j)       "spill" means a release or discharge of a substance that causes or may cause the
                   drainage water entering the municipal drainage system to exceed the restrictions
                   specified in Schedule "A".

         (k)       "stormwater rehabilitation unit" means works or technology that will achieve a
                   drainage water quality that meets the restrictions specified in Schedule "A" of this bylaw
                   under the conditions of a two-year storm event.

         (l)       "vehicle" means a vehicle as defined under the Motor Vehicle Act as amended from time
                   to time.

1.3      This code of practice does not apply to a parking lot operation.


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2.0      DISCHARGE REGULATIONS

2.1      An operator of a highway or private road must not discharge, or allow to be discharged, drainage
         water into the municipal drainage system that contains:

         (a)       waste that causes or could cause the discharge to exceed the level of Schedule "A"

          (b)      sanitary waste

          (c)      trucked liquid waste

2.2      A person constructing a highway or private road after [Date of Adoption of Code of Practice] that
         will discharge drainage water into the municipal drainage system must install and maintain one or
         more stormwater rehabilitation units to treat the drainage water prior to discharge into the
         municipal drainage system.

2.3      An operator of a highway or private road as of [Date of Adoption of Code of Practice] that
         discharges drainage water into the municipal drainage system must install one or more
         stormwater rehabilitation units within three years of adoption of this code.

2.4      Sections 2.2 and 2.3 do not apply to the highways or private roads owned and operated by the
         [name of municipality] that drain through the municipal drainage system to a central stormwater
         rehabilitation unit that will treat the drainage water prior to discharge to the environment.

2.5      Sections 2.2 and 2.3 do not apply to drainage water from the highways or private roads that drain
         directly into a municipal drainage ditch, on the condition that the ditch water quality meets the
         restrictions of Schedule "A" at the point where the ditch discharges into a watercourse or storm
         sewer.

2.6      Catchbasins with sumps owned and operated by the [name of municipality] are considered to be
         stormwater rehabilitation units under sections 2.2 and 2.3.

2.7      An operator of a highway or private road who operates a stormwater rehabilitation unit installed
         under sections 2.2 or 2.3 must:

         (a)       ensure that the discharge from the stormwater rehabilitation unit is equipped with a
                   sampling point; and

         (b)       have the sampling point readily and easily accessible at all times for inspection.

2.8      An operator of a highway or private road who installs a stormwater rehabilitation unit on or after
         [Date of Adoption of Code of Practice] must locate the stormwater rehabilitation unit so that it is
         readily and easily accessible for inspection and maintenance.

2.9      An operator of a highway or private road subject to sections 2.2 or 2.3 must ensure that all
         drainage water from the highway or private road is directed to one or more stormwater
         rehabilitation units before being discharged into the municipal drainage system.

2.10     An operator of a highway or private road must not dispose of oil and grease, solids or other
         material accumulated in a stormwater rehabilitation unit into the municipal drainage system.

2.11     An operator of a highway or private road must not use or permit the use of intentional high
         volume flows of water or chemical agents, solvents, hot water or other agents to facilitate the
         passage of oil and grease or solids through a stormwater rehabilitation unit into the municipal
         drainage system.


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2.12     An operator of a highway or private road:

         (a)       must not permit floating oil or other floating material to accumulate in the stormwater
                   rehabilitation unit in excess of 75% of the design capacity of the stormwater rehabilitation
                   unit to store and retain floating oil or other floating materials;

         (b)       must not permit the settled solids to accumulate in the stormwater rehabilitation unit in
                   excess of 75% of the design capacity of the stormwater rehabilitation unit to store and
                   retain settled solids;

         (c)       must inspect the stormwater rehabilitation unit and measure the accumulated solids and
                   floating oils at least once every 12 months to verify the requirements under (a) and (b);

         (d)       must clean out or cause the clean out of the stormwater rehabilitation unit within seven
                   working days of determining that any levels prescribed in section (a) or (b) have been
                   exceeded.

2.13     Section 2.12 (c) does not apply if the stormwater rehabilitation unit is cleaned out at least once
         per year.

Spill Response

2.14     An operator of a highway or private road operating on [Date of Adoption of Code of Practice] must
         prepare a spill response plan by [six months after the Date of Adoption of Code of Practice].

2.15     An operator of a highway or private road that commences operation after [Date of Adoption of
         Code of Practice] must prepare a spill response plan within 60 days of commencing operation.

2.16     The spill response plan must:

         (a)       specify the response for containment and clean-up of spills;

         (b)       define the roles and responsibilities of the operations personnel for spill response;

         (c)       include contact names and telephone numbers for appropriate agencies; and

         (d)       provide a checklist of spill response equipment and supplies.

2.17     In the event of a spill, an owner of a highway or private road must take every reasonable effort to
         prevent the spilled material from entering the municipal drainage system.

2.18     As part of a spill response plan, an owner of a highway or private road who operates a
         stormwater rehabilitation unit must inspect the stormwater rehabilitation unit for spilled material
         within four hours after a spill has been detected.

2.19     An operator of a highway or private road must ensure that spill prevention and clean up
         equipment and supplies are either kept in stock or accessible through a contracted service at all
         times and readily available for use.




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3.0      RECORD KEEPING AND RETENTION

3.1      An operator of a highway or private road must keep a record of all inspection and maintenance
         activities in relation to the stormwater rehabilitation units, including:

         (a)       the date of inspection, clean out or maintenance;

         (b)       a description of maintenance conducted; and

         (c)       the name and address of the disposal or recycling company or facility handling the
                   material removed from the stormwater rehabilitation unit.

3.2      An operator of a highway or private road must keep a record of all spills, including:

         (a)       the date of spill;

         (b)       description or type of material spilled;

         (c)       the approximate quantity of material spilled; and

         (d)       the spill response action.

3.3      An operator of a highway or private road must keep the spill response plans required under
         sections 2.14 and 2.15 available for inspection by a bylaw enforcement officer or the manager.

3.4      The records required under sections 3.1 and 3.2 shall be retained for a period of two years and
         shall be available for inspection by a bylaw enforcement officer or the manager.




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                                                SCHEDULE "X"

             MODEL CODE OF PRACTICE FOR OUTDOOR STORAGE YARD OPERATIONS

1.0    APPLICATION

       1.1    This code of practice describes the terms and conditions for discharge of wastewater from
              outdoor storage yard operations into a municipal drainage system.

       1.2    The following activities are exempt from this code of practice:

              (a)     automotive operations covered under Schedule "X";

              (b)     storage of materials on a construction site;

              (c)     normal farm practices;

              (d)     storage of recyclable materials by an outdoor storage yard operation;

              (e)     storage of materials or equipment that poses no risk of a discharge to the municipal
                      drainage system contravening Schedule "A" of the bylaw; and

              (f)     temporary storage of materials or equipment that are not ordinarily stored on the site,
                      provided that such storage does not exceed a period of 30 continuous days within any
                      one calendar year.

       1.3    In this code of practice:

              (a)     "automotive operation" means sales, rental, service, fueling, repair or maintenance
                      of vehicles by any commercial, industrial or institutional operation or by a public
                      authority and includes vehicle wash operations.

              (b)     "cleaned out" means to have the settled material and floating material collected in the
                      stormwater rehabilitation unit removed and disposed in a manner that meets all
                      regulations.

              (c)     "enclosed building" means a structure totally enclosed by walls that extend from the
                      foundation to the roof so as to prevent the ingress of precipitation and the egress of
                      wastewater and spills to the municipal drainage system.

              (d)     "operator" includes the owner of the outdoor storage yard operation and includes any
                      person who has been authorized by the owner to act as his, her or its agent.

              (e)     "outdoor storage yard operation" means any commercial, industrial or institutional
                      operation or an operation by a public authority that stores materials or equipment
                      outside of an enclosed building.

              (f)     "recycling operation" means any commercial, industrial or institutional operation or
                      an operation by a public authority that receives recyclable materials for storage,
                      processing, sorting and consolidating.

              (g)     "recyclable material" means a product or substance that has been diverted from
                      disposal and satisfies at least one of the following criteria:




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                      i)       is managed as a marketable commodity with an established market by the
                               owner or operator of a site;

                      ii)      is being used in the manufacture of a new product that has an established
                               market or is being processed as an intermediate stage of an existing
                               manufacturing process; or

                      iii)     has been identified as a recyclable material in the Capital Regional District Solid
                               Waste Management Plan.

              (h)     "sampling point" means a location where a representative sample of the discharge
                      into the municipal drainage system may be collected.

              (i)     "spill" means a release or discharge of a substance that causes or may cause the
                      stormwater discharge from the site to exceed the restrictions specified in Schedule "A"
                      of the bylaw.

              (j)     "spill containment" means any impervious structure that surrounds a container or
                      works that is sufficient to hold the larger of:

                      i)      110% of the largest volume of free liquid in the container or works; or
                      ii)     25% of the total volume of free liquid in storage.

              (k)     "stormwater rehabilitation unit" means works or technology that will achieve a
                      stormwater quality that meets the restrictions specified in Schedule "A" of this bylaw
                      under the conditions of a two-year storm event. (Municipalities may wish to replace
                      this with an equivalent amount of rainfall; for example, 7.5 mm in one hour.)

2.0    DISCHARGE REGULATIONS

       2.1    An operator of an outdoor storage yard operation must not discharge wastewater which, at
              the point of discharge into the municipal drainage system, contains:

              (a)     water that has accumulated in a spill containment area;

              (b)     untreated wash and rinse water from the cleaning of stored materials or equipment
                      that does not meet Schedule "A" of the bylaw;

              (c)     wash and rinse water from interior floor washing activities; or

              (d)     fluids and fuels from vehicles, machinery or equipment.

       2.2    An operator of an outdoor storage yard operation that commences operation after [Date of
              Adoption of Code of Practice] and that discharges wastewater, other than stormwater from
              roof drains and perimeter drains, into the municipal drainage system must install and
              maintain one or more stormwater rehabilitation units to treat the collected stormwater prior to
              discharge.

       2.3    An operator of an outdoor storage yard operation operating on [Date of Adoption of Code of
              Practice] and that discharges wastewater, other than stormwater from roof drains and
              perimeter drains, into the municipal drainage system must install and maintain one or more
              stormwater rehabilitation units to treat the collected stormwater prior to discharge within
              three years of adoption of this code.

       2.4    An operator of an outdoor storage yard operation who installs a stormwater rehabilitation unit
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              under sections 2.2 or 2.3 must install a sampling point.

       2.5    An operator of an outdoor storage yard operation that has a stormwater rehabilitation unit
              which does not have a sampling point on [Date of Adoption of Code of Practice] must install
              a sampling point within two years from [Date of Adoption of Code of Practice].

       2.6    An operator of an outdoor storage yard operation must ensure sampling points specified in
              sections 2.4 and 2.5 are easily accessible at all times for use and inspection.

       2.7    An operator of an outdoor storage yard operation who installs a stormwater rehabilitation unit
              on or after [Date of Adoption of Code of Practice] must locate the stormwater rehabilitation
              unit so that it is easily accessible for inspection and maintenance.

       2.8    An operator of an outdoor storage yard operation subject to sections 2.2 or 2.3 must ensure
              that all stormwater, with the exception of stormwater from the storage yard operation, other
              than roof drains and perimeter drains, is directed to one or more stormwater rehabilitation
              units before being discharged into the municipal drainage system.

       2.9    An operator of an outdoor storage yard operation must not discharge oil and grease, solids
              or other material accumulated in a stormwater rehabilitation unit into the municipal drainage
              system.

       2.10 An operator of an outdoor storage yard operation must not use or permit the use of
            intentional high volume flows, chemical agents, solvents, hot water or other agents to
            facilitate the passage of oil and grease, solids or other material through a stormwater
            rehabilitation unit.

       2.11 An operator of an outdoor storage yard operation:

              (a)     must not permit floating oil and grease or other floating material to accumulate in the
                      stormwater rehabilitation unit in excess of 75% of the design capacity of the
                      stormwater rehabilitation unit;

              (b)     must not permit the settled solids to accumulate in the stormwater rehabilitation unit in
                      excess of 75% of the design capacity;

              (c)     must inspect the stormwater rehabilitation unit and measure the accumulated solids
                      and floating oils at least once every six months to verify the requirements under (a)
                      and (b);

              (d)     must have the stormwater rehabilitation unit cleaned out within seven working days of
                      determining that any levels prescribed in section (a) or (b) have been exceeded; and

              (e)     must have the stormwater rehabilitation unit cleaned out at least once every
                      12 months.

3.0    SPILL PREVENTION AND RESPONSE

       3.1    An operator of an outdoor storage yard that involves the storage of fertilizers, pesticides,
              solvents, antifreeze, lead-acid batteries, oil, gasoline, diesel, fuel oil, transmission fluid,
              brake fluid and/or automotive fluids, the storage of which is not otherwise regulated under
              the Fire Code, Environmental Management Act or any other enactment, must install spill
              containment for these materials.


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       3.2    An operator of an outdoor storage yard operation operating on [Date of Adoption of Code of
              Practice] must prepare a spill response plan by [six months after the Date of Adoption of
              Code of Practice].

       3.3    An operator of an outdoor storage yard operation that commences operation after [Date of
              Adoption of Code of Practice] must prepare a spill response plan within 60 days of
              commencing operation.

       3.4    The spill response plan must:

              (a)     specify the response for containment and cleanup of all spills of all materials present
                      at the property that could cause the discharge to exceed the restrictions defined in
                      Schedule "A" of the bylaw;

              (b)     define the roles and responsibilities of the operations personnel for spill response;

              (c)     include contact names and telephone numbers for appropriate agencies; and

              (d)     provide a check-list of spill response equipment and supplies.

       3.5    In the event of a spill, an operator of an outdoor storage yard operation must immediately
              implement the provisions of the spill response plan specified in sections 3.2 and 3.3, when
              safe to do so, to prevent or discontinue the discharge of spilled material from entering into
              the municipal drainage system.

       3.6    As part of a spill response plan, an operator of an outdoor storage yard operation who
              operates a stormwater rehabilitation unit must inspect the stormwater rehabilitation unit for
              spilled material within four hours after a spill has been detected.

       3.7    An operator of an outdoor storage yard operation must keep the spill response equipment
              and supplies identified in the spill response plan specified in sections 3.2 and 3.3 at the
              location of the storage yard operation and readily available at all times.

4.0    RECORD KEEPING AND RETENTION

       4.1    An operator of an outdoor storage yard operation must keep a record of all inspection and
              maintenance activities in relation to the stormwater rehabilitation unit, including:

              (a)     the date of inspection or maintenance;

              (b)     a description of maintenance conducted;

              (c)     the name and address of the disposal or recycling company or facility handling the
                      material removed from the stormwater rehabilitation unit; and

              (d)     names of the persons who conducted the inspection or maintenance.

       4.2    An operator of an outdoor storage yard operation must keep a record at the storage yard
              operation site of all spills, including:

              (a)     the date of spill;

              (b)     the type of material spilled;

              (c)     the quantity of material spilled;
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              (d)     the spill response action;

              (e)     the disposal of contaminated materials involved in the spill; and

              (f)     names of the persons responsible for conducting the spill response.

       4.3    An operator of an outdoor storage yard operation must keep the spill response plans
              required under sections 3.2 and 3.3 on the site and available for inspection by a bylaw
              enforcement officer or the manager.

       4.4    The records required under sections 4.1 and 4.2 shall be retained on site for a period of at
              least two years and shall be available for inspection by a bylaw enforcement officer or the
              manager.

END




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                                                                  SCHEDULE "X"

                             MODEL CODE OF PRACTICE FOR RECYCLING OPERATIONS

1.0      APPLICATION

         1.1       This code of practice describes the terms and conditions for discharge of wastewater from
                   recycling operations into a municipal drainage system.

         1.2       The following activities are exempt from this code of practice:

                   (a)      automotive operations covered under Schedule "X";

                   (b)      storage, processing, sorting and consolidating of recyclable materials by commercial,
                            industrial or institutional offices for recyclable material generated within the offices on
                            the same site;

                   (c)      normal farm practices;

                   (d)      manufacturing processes that use recyclable materials generated onsite within a
                            process;

                   (e)      recycling of soil, rock or gravel; and

                   (f)      composting activities.

         1.3       In this code of practice:

                   (a)      "automotive dismantling and recycling operation" means the dismantling of
                            vehicles for the purposes of recycling, salvage or disposal of the vehicle by any
                            commercial, industrial or institutional operation or by a public authority.

                   (b)      "automotive operation" means sales, rental, service, fueling, repair or maintenance
                            of vehicles by any commercial, industrial or institutional operation or by a public
                            authority and includes vehicle wash operations, provided that an automotive
                            dismantling and recycling operation is not carried out at the same site.

                   (c)      "cleaned out" means to have the settled material and floating material collected in the
                            stormwater rehabilitation unit removed and disposed in a manner that meets all
                            regulations.

                   (d)      "operator" includes the owner of the outdoor storage yard operation and includes any
                            person who has been authorized by the owner to act as his, her or its agent.

                   (e)      "recycling operation" means any commercial, industrial or institutional operation or
                            an operation by a public authority that receives recyclable materials for storage,
                            processing, sorting and consolidating.

                   (f)      "recyclable material" means a product or substance that has been diverted from
                            disposal and satisfies at least one of the following criteria:

                            i)        is managed as a marketable commodity with an established market by the
                                      owner or operator of a site;




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                            ii)       is being used in the manufacture of a new product that has an established
                                      market or is being processed as an intermediate stage of an existing
                                      manufacturing process; or

                            iii)      has been identified as a recyclable material in the Capital Regional District Solid
                                      Waste Management Plan.

                   (g)      "sampling point" means a location where a representative sample of the discharge
                            into the municipal drainage system may be collected.

                   (h)      "spill" means a release or discharge of a substance that causes or may cause the
                            stormwater discharge from the site to exceed the restrictions specified in Schedule "A"
                            of the bylaw.

                   (i)      "stormwater rehabilitation unit" means works or technology that will achieve a
                            stormwater quality that meets the restrictions specified in Schedule "A" of this bylaw
                            under the conditions of a two-year storm event. (Municipalities may wish to replace
                            this with an equivalent amount of rainfall; for example, 7.5 mm in one hour.)

2.0      DISCHARGE REGULATIONS

         2.1       An operator of a recycling operation must not discharge wastewater which, at the point of
                   discharge into the municipal drainage system, contains:

                   (a)      water that has accumulated in a spill containment area;

                   (b)      untreated wash and rinse water from the cleaning of recyclable materials that does not
                            meet Schedule "A" of the bylaw;

                   (c)      wash and rinse water from interior floor washing activities; or

                   (d)      fluids and fuels from vehicles or machinery.

         2.2       An operator of a recycling operation that commences operation after [Date of Adoption of
                   Code of Practice] and that discharges wastewater, other than stormwater from roof drains
                   and perimeter drains, into the municipal drainage system must install and maintain one or
                   more stormwater rehabilitation units to treat the collected stormwater prior to discharge.

         2.3       An operator of a recycling operation operating on [Date of Adoption of Code of Practice] that
                   does not have a stormwater rehabilitation unit and discharges wastewater, other than
                   stormwater from roof drains and perimeter drains, into the municipal drainage system must
                   install one or more stormwater rehabilitation units within three years of adoption of this code.

         2.4       An operator of a recycling operation who installs a stormwater rehabilitation unit under
                   sections 2.2 or 2.3 must install a sampling point.

         2.5       An operator of a recycling operation that has a stormwater rehabilitation unit that does not
                   have a sampling point on [Date of Adoption of Code of Practice] must install a sampling point
                   within two years from [Date of Adoption of Code of Practice].

         2.6       An operator of a recycling operation must ensure sampling points specified in sections 2.4
                   and 2.5 are easily accessible at all times for use and inspection.




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         2.7       An operator of a recycling operation who installs a stormwater rehabilitation unit on or after
                   [Date of Adoption of Code of Practice] must locate the stormwater rehabilitation unit so that it
                   is easily accessible for inspection and maintenance.

         2.8       An operator of a recycling operation subject to sections 2.2 or 2.3 must ensure that all
                   stormwater from the recycling operation, other than roof drains and perimeter drains, is
                   directed to one or more stormwater rehabilitation units before being discharged into the
                   municipal drainage system.

         2.9       An operator of a recycling operation must not discharge oil and grease, solids or other
                   material accumulated in a stormwater rehabilitation unit into the municipal drainage system.

         2.10 An operator of a recycling operation must not use or permit the use of intentional high
              volume flows, chemical agents, solvents, hot water or other agents to facilitate the passage
              of oil and grease, solids or other material through a stormwater rehabilitation unit.

         2.11 An operator of a recycling operation:

                   (a)      must not permit floating oil and grease or other floating material to accumulate in the
                            stormwater rehabilitation unit in excess of 75% of the design capacity of the
                            stormwater rehabilitation unit;

                   (b)      must not permit the settled solids to accumulate in the stormwater rehabilitation unit in
                            excess of 75% of the design capacity;

                   (c)      must inspect the stormwater rehabilitation unit and measure the accumulated solids
                            and floating oils at least once every six months to verify the requirements under (a)
                            and (b);

                   (d)      must have the stormwater rehabilitation unit cleaned out within seven working days of
                            determining that any levels prescribed in section (a) or (b) have been exceeded; and

                   (e)      must have the stormwater rehabilitation unit cleaned out at least once every
                            12 months.

3.0      SPILL PREVENTION AND RESPONSE

         3.1       An operator of a recycling operation that involves the storage of fertilizer, pesticides,
                   solvents, antifreeze, lead-acid batteries, oil, gasoline, diesel, fuel oil, transmission fluid,
                   brake fluid and/or automotive fluids, the storage of which is not otherwise regulated under
                   the Fire Code, Environmental Management Act or any other enactment, must install spill
                   containment for these materials.

         3.2       An operator of a recycling operation operating on [Date of Adoption of Code of Practice]
                   must prepare a spill response plan by [six months after the Date of Adoption of Code of
                   Practice].

         3.3       An operator of a recycling operation that commences operation after [Date of Adoption of
                   Code of Practice] must prepare a spill response plan within 60 days of commencing
                   operation.




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         3.4       The spill response plan must:

                   (a)      specify the response for containment and cleanup of all spills of all materials present
                            at the property that could cause the discharge to exceed the restrictions defined in
                            Schedule "A" of the bylaw;

                   (b)      define the roles and responsibilities of the operations personnel for spill response;

                   (c)      include contact names and telephone numbers for appropriate agencies; and

                   (d)      provide a check-list of spill response equipment and supplies.

         3.5       In the event of a spill, an operator of a recycling operation must immediately implement the
                   provisions of the spill response plan specified in sections 3.2 and 3.3, when safe to do so, to
                   prevent or discontinue the discharge of spilled material from entering into the municipal
                   drainage system.

         3.6       As part of a spill response plan, an operator of a recycling operation who operates a
                   stormwater rehabilitation unit must inspect the stormwater rehabilitation unit for spilled
                   material within four hours after a spill has been detected.

         3.7       An operator of a recycling operation must keep the spill response equipment and supplies
                   identified in the spill response plan specified in sections 3.2 and 3.3 at the location of the
                   recycling operation and readily available at all times.

4.0      RECORD KEEPING AND RETENTION

         4.1       An operator of a recycling operation must keep a record of all inspection and maintenance
                   activities in relation to the stormwater rehabilitation unit, including:

                   (a)      the date of inspection or maintenance;

                   (b)      a description of maintenance conducted;

                   (c)      the name and address of the disposal or recycling company or facility handling the
                            material removed from the stormwater rehabilitation unit; and

                   (d)      names of the persons who conducted the inspection or maintenance.

         4.2       An operator of a recycling operation must keep a record at the recycling operation site of all
                   spills, including:

                   (a)      the date of spill;

                   (b)      the type of material spilled;

                   (c)      the quantity of material spilled;

                   (d)      the spill response action;

                   (e)      the disposal of contaminated materials involved in the spill; and

                   (f)      names of the persons responsible for conducting the spill response.


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         4.3       An operator of a recycling operation must keep the spill response plans required under
                   sections 3.2 and 3.3 on the site and available for inspection by a bylaw enforcement officer
                   or the manager.

         4.4       The records required under sections 4.1 and 4.2 shall be retained onsite for a period of at
                   least two years and shall be available for inspection by a bylaw enforcement officer or the
                   manager.

END




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  BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR POWER WASHING OPERATIONS



POWER WASHING WITHOUT POLLUTION
Best Management Practices                                  Why Should Power Washing Operations
and Pollution Prevention                                   Use Best Management Practices?
The Capital Regional District (CRD) Environmental          As the operator of a power washing business you play a
Services department has developed environmental            vital role in protecting public health and the environment.
programs and regulations to reduce the amount of           Wash water from outside power washing activities may
pollutants in storm drains and sanitary sewers. Power      flow into storm drains and end up untreated in local
washing can cause pollution in a number of ways.           streams and the ocean. Power washing can dislodge
This information sheet outlines best management            pollutants like paint chips or oily sediments. Chemical
practices that prevent pollution and protect water         cleaning residues and soaps that flow in the storm drain
quality and our environment.                               system have the potential to harm aquatic life and
                                                           habitats. Roof cleaning can release fine aggregate or even
                                                           toxic materials that may end up in our environment. All
What are Best Management Practices?                        of these chemicals can destroy sensitive ecosystems and
Best management practices are proactive techniques that    pollute recreational sites and our water supplies.
reduce pollution at the source before they end up in our
                                                           By implementing best management practices, you will:
environment. They are practical, based on common sense
and can be implemented easily. Some examples of            ■ protect and improve water quality
techniques are:
                                                           ■ save money on disposal costs
■ use dry clean-up methods                                 ■ be better able to comply with existing regulations
■ use the least amount of wash water possible              ■ reduce potential liabilities and avoid penalties
■ choose the least toxic cleaning products                 ■ offer environmentally friendly services to your
                                                             customers




    Storm Drains vs. Sanitary Sewers
    Storm drains and sanitary sewers are separate systems with different functions:

    Storm drains are typically found in streets and        Sanitary sewers collect wastewater from
    parking lots to collect stormwater. Stormwater         indoor plumbing such as toilets, sinks, washing
    is surface water that includes water from rain,        machines and floor drains. They are called
    snowmelt and irrigation. The water runs across         “sanitary” because they keep sewage contained
    rooftops, lawns, pavement and other surfaces           in underground pipes. The sewage flows to a
    into storm drains or seeps directly into the           screening facility or treatment plant before it
    ground. Along its journey the water picks up           is discharged into the ocean. Sewage consists
    contaminants like litter, oil and antifreeze               mainly of water and organic matter;
    leaks from cars, pesticides used on lawns,                     however, it can also contain a variety
    and spilled paints or solvents. Most                              of chemicals, oil, grease and
    stormwater ends up untreated in our                                other materials that are flushed
    lakes, streams and the ocean.                                        down the drain.
  BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR POWER WASHING OPERATIONS


Power Washing Activities
Preparation
■ Plan ahead. Consider whether there is an alternative
  method to do the job that will reduce the amount
  of wash water to dispose of.
■ Use dry methods for pre-cleaning before wet washing.
  Use absorbents on small oil spots and sweep up trash
  or dirt first before washing.
■ Decide what cleaning compounds to use. Use the
  least toxic products. Some chemicals are hazardous
  and make the wash water difficult or expensive to
  treat and dispose of. Acidic and caustic cleaners
  may also damage paved or coated surfaces.
                                                         Proper Disposal
■ Determine what wash water collection method to
  use before you start power washing. Methods include    ■ Materials from regular dry clean-up methods
  vacuums, pumps or containment pools.                     involving sweeping, scraping or wire brushing
                                                           can usually be put into the garbage.
■ Always identify the locations of all storm drains
  and sanitary sewers before commencing work.            ■ Absorbent materials used to soak up liquids from
  Protect storm drains with berms or booms.                paints, thinners, solvents, glues and cleaning fluids
                                                           and heavily oiled wipes have to be disposed of at a
■ Minimize the amount of water used during power
                                                           hazardous waste facility.
  washing.
                                                         ■ Plain wash water (containing no soap, cleaning
■ Find out if your used wash water requires special
                                                           products or chemicals) that is used on surfaces free
  management or permits.
                                                           of paints, garbage, oil and other hazardous materials
                                                           may be directed to a landscaped area or may be
                                                           filtered and discharged to the storm drain.
    Cleaning Method
                                                         ■ Wash water containing soap and non-hazardous
    Power washing can help protect our environment.        cleaning products used on surfaces free of paints,
    Clean surfaces will release fewer contaminants         garbage, oil and other hazardous materials has to
    into our waterways as long as the waste and            be collected and disposed of in the sanitary sewer.
    wash water is collected and disposed of
    appropriately. You can be part of the solution       ■ Wash water with caustic cleaning chemicals has
    by using the following approach:                       to be neutralized before being discharged to the
                                                           sanitary sewer.
    ■ Always do a dry clean-up before washing down.
                                                         ■ All wash water and solid residuals from surfaces with
    ■ Wash without soaps and solvents, if possible.        lead-based paints must be contained and tested to see
    ■ Keep contaminated wash water out of storm            if it may be classified as hazardous waste. If it is, it
       drains.                                             must be disposed of at a licensed treatment facility.
    ■ Dispose of dry wastes and used wash water          ■ All wash water containing oil must be collected
       properly.                                           and taken off-site for treatment.
                                                         ■ Contact the CRD Hotline at 360-3030 or
                                                           hotline@crd.bc.ca for waste and wastewater
                                                           management options.
BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR POWER WASHING OPERATIONS


Type of Surface           Cleaning Options             Proper Disposal
Unpainted Building        • Plain water                • Direct wash water to landscaped area.
Surfaces
                          • Water with non-hazardous   • Collect and discharge the wash water to the sanitary sewer.
                            cleaning solution
                          • Acid wash (to remove       • Rinse acid wash with alkaline soap before discharging it to
                            mineral deposits)            the sanitary sewer.

Painted Building          • Plain water                • Direct wash water to landscaped area.
Surfaces
                          • Water with non-hazardous   • Collect and discharge the wash water to the sanitary sewer.
(non-lead based paint)
                            cleaning solution

Painted Building          • Any wash water method      • Collect the wash water and solid residuals to test if they may be
Surfaces                                                 classified as hazardous waste (see Proper Disposal).
(lead-based paint)

Uncontaminated            • Dry clean-up               • Dry materials can be put into the garbage. Absorbent materials
Outside Ground                                           usually have to be disposed of at a hazardous waste facility (see
Surfaces                                                 Proper Disposal).
(sidewalks, parking
                          • Plain water                • Filter the wash water. Dispose of solid materials in the garbage.
lots, storage areas,
                                                         Filtered wash water can be directed to a landscaped area or
outdoor eating areas)
                                                         storm drain.

                          • Water with non-hazardous   • Collect the wash water and discharge it to the sanitary sewer.
                            cleaning solution

Outside Ground            • Any wash water method      • Collect the wash water and dispose of it at a licensed facility.
Surfaces with Oil Leaks
(gas stations,
machinery storage
areas)

Graffiti Removal          • High pressure washing      • Follow above instructions for painted building surfaces.
                          • Wet sandblasting           • Collect the wash water and filter it to remove sand and solids.
                                                         Discharge filtered water to the sanitary sewer. Dispose of solids
                                                         in the garbage.
                          • Chemical removal           • Wipe off excess chemical cleaner before washing. Neutralize the
                                                         wash water, filter and discharge it to the sanitary sewer. Test
                                                         filtered solid residuals to see if they may be classified as
                                                         hazardous waste (see Proper Disposal).

Roofing                   • Plain water                • Disconnect downspout. Direct wash water to a landscaped area.
(cedar, asphalt,
untreated wood            • Water with non-hazardous   • Collect the wash water and discharge it to the sanitary sewer.
shingles)                   cleaning solution

Roofing                   • Dry clean-up only          • Treated wood shingles contain a toxic material to reduce moss
(treated wood                                            growth. Never wash treated shingles. Use dry clean-up methods
shingles)                                                and dispose of loose materials in the garbage.

Heavy Equipment           • Any wash water method      • Wipe off as much oil as possible. Heavily oiled wipes may
and Machinery                                            be considered hazardous waste (see Proper Disposal).
                                                       • Collect all wash water and dispose of it at a licensed facility.

Grocery Carts             • Plain water                • Direct to a landscaped area.
                          • Water with non-hazardous   • Collect wash water and discharge it to the sanitary sewer.
                            cleaning solution
   BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR POWER WASHING OPERATIONS


Storage, Spill Prevention and Response
                                                                    What is a spill?
Storage                                                             A spill is defined as a discharge into
■ Store all chemicals and cleaning products in spill containment    the environment that is abnormal
  equipment like drip trays or buckets.                             in quantity or quality, considering
                                                                    all circumstances.
■ Cap all floor drains located in chemical storage areas so that
  spills cannot discharge into sanitary sewers or storm drains.
  Put berms in front of doorways.
                                                                   For More Information
Spill Prevention
                                                                   CRD Hotline
■ Develop a spill response plan. Take into account the layout
                                                                   (250) 360-3030
  of the site and the maximum volumes of chemical and cleaning     hotline@crd.bc.ca
  products to be used.                                             To find out about waste management
■ Educate employees about best management practices and
  spill response procedures.                                       CRD Web site
■ Stock up on spill clean-up supplies. Replenish as needed.        www.crd.bc.ca/es
                                                                   To find out about CRD Environmental
■ Frequently check chemical containers and equipment such          Services programs and regulations
  as hoses, hose couplings and valves for leaks and excessive
  wear. Replace as necessary.                                      Integrated Stormwater, Harbours
■ Keep records of inspection dates and maintenance procedures.     and Watersheds Program
                                                                   (250) 360-3256
                                                                   stormwater@crd.bc.ca
Spill Response
■ Whenever possible, use dry methods to clean up spills. Dry       Regional Source Control Program
  methods include sweeping, vacuuming, mopping or using            (250) 360-3256
  absorbents. Do not use water solvents and emulsifiers.           RSCP@crd.bc.ca
■ Use the appropriate disposal method for used absorbent
  materials. They may be considered hazardous waste (see           Provincial Emergency Program (PEP)
  Proper Disposal).                                                1-800-663-3456
                                                                   To report hazardous waste spills
■ Report spill incidents immediately to the Provincial
  Emergency Program (PEP) at 1-800-663-3456.




                                                                   This info sheet was developed in
                                                                   partnership with

                                                                             Environment   Environnement
                                                                             Canada        Canada




                                                                                           Printed on 100% recycled paper
  BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR PAINTING OPERATIONS




PAINTING WITHOUT POLLUTION
Best Management Practices                                      Why Should Painting Operations
and Pollution Prevention                                       Use Best Management Practices?
The Capital Regional District (CRD) Environmental              As the operator of a painting business you play a vital
Services department has developed environmental                role in protecting public health and the environment.
programs and regulations to reduce the amount of               All paints, solvents and adhesives contain chemicals
pollutants in storm drains and sanitary sewers. Painting       that are harmful to aquatic life in creeks, lakes and the
and paint removal can cause pollution in a number of           ocean. They may be unsafe for sewage workers and
ways. This information sheet outlines best management          damage treatment plant equipment. Sanding waste and
practices that prevent pollution and protect water quality     pressure washing runoff may contain lead and other
and our environment.                                           heavy metals. Toxic chemicals can also originate from
                                                               spillage, cleaning residues and rags. These chemicals
What are Best Management                                       can destroy sensitive ecosystems and pollute
Practices?                                                     recreational sites and our water supplies.
Best management practices are proactive techniques that        By implementing best management practices,
reduce pollution at the source before they end up in our       you will:
environment. They are practical, based on common sense
and can be implemented easily.                                 I protect and improve water quality

Some examples of techniques are:                               I save money by reducing, reusing and recycling
                                                               I be better able to comply with existing regulations
I buy only what you need
                                                               I reduce potential liabilities and avoid penalties
I choose the least toxic materials
                                                               I offer environmentally friendly services to your
I reuse leftover paints and solvents
                                                                  customers



    Storm Drains vs. Sanitary Sewers
    Storm drains and sanitary sewers are separate systems with different functions:

    Storm drains are typically found in streets and          Sanitary sewers collect wastewater from
    parking lots to collect stormwater. Stormwater           indoor plumbing such as toilets, sinks, washing
    is surface water that includes water from rain,          machines and floor drains. They are called
    snowmelt and irrigation. The water runs across           “sanitary” because they keep sewage contained
    rooftops, lawns, pavement and other surfaces             in underground pipes. The sewage flows to a
    into storm drains or seeps directly into the             screening facility or treatment plant before it
    ground. Along its journey the water picks up             is discharged into the ocean. Sewage consists
    contaminants like litter, oil and antifreeze leaks           mainly of water and organic matter;
    from cars, pesticides used on lawns, and                         however, it can also contain a variety
    spilled paints or solvents. Stormwater                              of chemicals, oil, grease and
    ends up untreated in our lakes,                                      other materials that are flushed
    streams and the ocean.                                                 down the drain.
  BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR PAINTING OPERATIONS


Painting Preparation                                  Painting and Clean-up
Planning                                              Painting
                             Quick tips                                          Quick tips
• Plan ahead.                                         • Prevent over-
  Calculate the              I Check where storm        spraying of paints       I Keep all liquid paint
  amount of paint               and sewer drains        and excessive              products and wastes
  required for the              are located.            sandblasting.              away from storm
  job. Buy only what         I Determine how you                                   drains and sanitary
                                                      • Use drip pans              sewers.
  you need. This will           will deal with your
                                waste before you
                                                        and drop cloths          I Never pour excess
  save you money
                                start the job.          in mixing and              paint on the ground
  and you won’t have
                                                        painting areas.            or down storm or
  to deal with               I Stock up on
  leftovers.                    absorbent materials   • Store latex paint          sewer drains.
                                and other clean-up      rollers and brushes      I Use appropriate
• Use water-based
                                items.                  in a tightly wrapped       clean-up procedures
  paints whenever
                                                        plastic bag in the         for water-based and
  possible. Look for
                                                        freezer and reuse          oil-based paints.
  the words “latex” or “clean up with water” on
                                                        them on the next
  the label.
                                                        coat of the same
• Determine whether your wastes will be hazardous       colour.
  or not. Non-hazardous wastes can go into the
                                                      • Have absorbent materials readily available
  regular garbage. Hazardous wastes have to be
                                                        for paint spills.
  disposed of by a registered hazardous waste
  company (see Waste Disposal).                       Clean-up
Preparation                                           • Paint out brushes as much as you can. Squeeze
                                                        paint from brushes and rollers back into the
• Prepare exterior painting surfaces without
                                                        container before cleaning them.
  generating wastewater, for example, by
  sandblasting or wet scraping.                       • Pour excess paint from trays and buckets back
                                                        into the paint can. Wipe containers clean with a
• Use sandpaper, a heat gun, and good old-
                                                        cloth or paper towel. Dispose of dried wipes in
  fashioned elbow grease for paint stripping.
                                                        the garbage.
• Use citrus-based paint removers whenever
                                                      • Rinse water-based paint brushes in the sink
  possible. They are less toxic than chemical
                                                        after pre-cleaning. Never pour excess paint or
  strippers, which are considered hazardous waste.
                                                        wastewater from clean-up of latex paint in the
• If you are stripping or cleaning building             storm drain.
  exteriors with high pressure water, install
                                                       • Clean oil-based brushes with paint thinner.
  a curb, dyke or berm around the
                                                         Never clean oil-based brushes in a sink or over
  activity area to prevent stormwater
                                                            a storm drain. Filter the solvent and reuse
  run-off. Direct the wash
                                                             if possible (see Reuse).
  water onto a landscaped
  area. Avoid working in
  windy conditions.
   BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR PAINTING OPERATIONS


Waste Management                                             Storage, Spill Prevention
                                                             and Response
Reduce
                              Quick tips                     Storage
• Buy only what
  you need.                   I Reduce use of                • Keep paint and solvent containers closed when
                                 hazardous materials           not in use. Protect them from exposure to
• Avoid acidic, caustic          and replace them
  and hazardous                                                rainfall.
                                 with non-toxic
  substances.                    alternatives.               • Keep paint and paint-related products
                              I Reuse leftover paints
                                                               contained. Monitor the storage containers or
Reuse                                                          containment areas on a regular basis. A sheen
                                 whenever possible.
• Reuse leftover paint                                         or discolouration of any pooled wastewater
                              I Recycle unwanted
  or give it to someone                                        indicates potential contamination.
                                 paints at a local
  else who can use it.           recycling depot.
• Reuse solvent. Pour                                        Spill Prevention
                                                                                       Quick tips
  the solvent into a glass or metal container and allow      • Develop a spill
  the solids to separate out. Skim off any paint residue,      response plan. Take     I Identify waste
  wrap it in paper and dispose of it in the garbage. Save      into account the           storage areas.
  cleaned solvent for your next project. Consider using        layout of the site      I Train employees
  different containers for the initial and final cleaning.     and the maximum            in spill prevention
                                                               volume of paints           and response.
Recycle                                                        and solvents.           I Report spills to
• Recycle unwanted paint and empty paint cans                • Educate employees          the Provincial
  at local recycling depots.                                   by implementing a          Emergency Program
                                                                                          (PEP).
• Return products in their original, labeled containers        hazardous materials
  with lids securely fastened.                                 training program.
• Do not mix paint with any other product to ensure          • Stock up on spill clean-up supplies. Replenish
  it can be recycled.                                          as needed.

Waste Disposal                                               Spill Response
• Hazardous wastes must be disposed of at a                  • Whenever possible, use dry methods to clean up
  hazardous waste collection facility. Hazardous wastes        spills, such as sweeping, vacuuming, mopping or
  include: paint removal abrasives and chemical paint          using absorbents.
  stripping residue; lead-based paint dust, chips and        • Manage spilled hazardous materials such as
  wastewater; and liquid residues from paints,                 cleaning solvents as hazardous waste (see Waste
  thinners, solvents, glues and cleaning fluids.               Disposal).
• Non-hazardous waste can be disposed of in the              • Report spill incidents immediately to the
  regular garbage. Non-hazardous wastes include: dry           Provincial Emergency Program (PEP) at
  sweep paint chips and dust from non-hazardous                1-800-663-3456.
  dry stripping and sandblasting; and used brushes,
  rags and drop cloths that have been thoroughly
  dried. Contact the CRD Hotline at 360-3030 or
  email hotline@crd.bc.ca for more information on
  disposal options.
• Keep records of all disposal or recycling.
BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR PAINTING OPERATIONS



                                                      What is a spill?
                                                      A spill is defined as a discharge into
                                                      the environment that is abnormal
                                                      in quantity or quality, considering
                                                      all circumstances.



                     llution
  Painting Without Po                                 For More Information
           Checklist
                                                      CRD Hotline
 Yes, I have                                          (250) 360-3030
                              of the nearest          hotline@crd.bc.ca
  ❏   identified the location                         To find out about waste management
                              s
      storm and sewer drain
                              agement practices       CRD Web site
  ❏    posted these best man
                                                      www.crd.bc.ca/es
       in a central location
                                                      To find out about CRD Environmental
                               training sessions
  ❏    organized regular staff                        Services programs and regulations

                               and proper
  ❏    checked the condition                          Integrated Stormwater, Harbours
                              ls and cleaning
       labeling of all chemica                        and Watersheds Program
       compounds                                      (250) 360-3256
                                                      stormwater@crd.bc.ca
                               and spill clean-up
   ❏    provided containment
                              areas and vehicles
        equipment in storage                          Regional Source Control Program
                                                      (250) 360-3256
                              a spill response plan
   ❏    prepared and posted                           RSCP@crd.bc.ca
                               ous waste disposal
   ❏     kept records of hazard                       Product Care
                                                      1-800-667-4321
                                                      www.productcare.org
                                                      To recycle leftover paints and solvents

                                                      Provincial Emergency Program (PEP)
                                                      1-800-663-3456
                                                      To report hazardous waste spills


                                                      This info sheet was developed in
                                                      partnership with

                                                                Environment   Environnement
                                                                Canada        Canada

								
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