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KS3 4Speaking Out Activity

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					Hull Museum Education

Speaking Out Activity KS3/4
Citizenship KS3 curriculum links: Unit 3: Human Rights

History KS3 curriculum links: Unit 15: Black Peoples of America- from slavery to equality?

Citizenship KS4 curriculum links: Unit 1: Human Rights Unit 3: Challenging Racism and Discrimination Unit 4: How and why are laws made?

English KS3/KS4 curriculum links: En1 Speaking and Listening En2 Reading

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Objectives To examine two key speeches by famous individuals in history and investigate how they address the issue of racism. To explore the language used by the famous individuals and the meaning of the speeches in their historical context.

Overview This activity will introduce pupils to the 1789 speech starting I Must Speak by William Wilberforce and the 1963 I Have a Dream speech by Martin Luther King Jr. Both speeches are used to examine racism and attitudes towards black peoples of Great Britain and America, as well as to investigate the roots of racism and discrimination. The speeches are also used to illustrate how language can be used to emote, persuade and appeal to its intended audiences.

Preparation • Download and print enough copies of each of the speeches for pupils, or groups • Pupils could spend some time prior to the activity researching the life and work of William Wilberforce and Martin Luther King Jr • If time permits, pupils should research a little about the social and political background of the speeches in question

Suggested Activity Times 1hr-1hr 20mins

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Suggested Activity Content • Give out copies of the two speeches to pupils or to groups of pupils • Ask a pupil to read out the introduction of the Wilberforce speech • Ask a pupils / pupils to read out the transcript of the Wilberforce speech • As a class or in groups, discuss the following: - Imagine that you are sat in the House of Commons in the 1780s. How does Wilberforce’s speech make you feel? (upset, ashamed, horrified, sad etc?) - What are the main points of Wilberforce’s speech? What does he try to put across to his audience? (That the “middle passage” is the worst part of the slave trade; he believes that the merchants are men of humanity, yet they can’t see what is going on because of the scale of the slave trade; that he believes that if we imagined the terrible scene on board a slave ship, we would think differently about it; that the slave traders are “blinded” because of their vested interest in the trade; that the mortality rate is high during the middle passage; that the slave trade should be abolished.) - What kind of language does Wilberforce use to make you feel this way? (emotive language- makes us feel sad, asks us questions- making us feel like we need to do something) - What do you think was most people’s attitudes towards slaves in Britain, in the eighteenth century? (Didn’t know much about it? Was so far away, it wasn’t important, perhaps they had never seen a black person before etc?) - What reason does Wilberforce give for “human prejudice”? (He says that, because of the enormity of the slave trade, people do not think of slaves as individual people. He also suggests that if we were just to think about the reality of the situation of the slaves, we might be able to understand.)

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- What does Wilberforce mean when he says that the “interests” of certain people has meant that a thick “film” has been draw across people’s eyes? (People have been blinded by what the merchants, slave traders and owners have told them / or that the merchants / traders are blinded by the vested interest they have in slavery- money, social standing etc.) • Ask a pupil to read out the introduction of the Martin Luther King speech • Ask a pupils / pupils to read out the transcript of the Martin Luther King speech • As a class or in groups, discuss the following: - Imagine that you are listening to Martin Luther King’s speech in Washington DC in 1963. How does his speech make you feel? (sad, proud, excited, motivated, ashamed etc? ) - What are the main points of Martin Luther King’s speech? What does he try to put across to his audience? (that black Americans are not free, black Americans must stand together to fight this injustice, that black Americans are god’s children too, that peaceful protest must be used, that one day black Americans will be free and will be treated as equals.) - How does Martin Lither King refer to slavery in the past? (Black Americans are still “crippled” by segregation and wear chains of “discrimination” etc.)Why does he do this? - What do you think most white Americans would feel about this speech in 1963? Why? - What does Martin Luther King say about the American Declaration of Independence? (That it was written for every citizen of the United States, black or white)

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- In what way does Martin Luther Kings say that peaceful protest should be used? Why do you think he wished black Americans to use peaceful protest? (Respect, religion, so as not to commit a wrongful deed, dignity etc) - How does Martin Luther King advise black Americans to thin of white Americans? (They must not distrust all white Americans, they must treat them as equals too.) Why do you think Martin Luther King wanted this?

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Description: KS3 4Speaking Out Activity