What is Clinical Psychology

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					What is Clinical Psychology
 Introduction to Clinical Psychology
       Discussion Section #1
      Clinical Psychology is….
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      Clinical Psychology….

…is not limited to therapy and assessment
Focus of this course:
• Review of assessment
• Review of therapies
• Review of additional roles in clinical
  psychology
                   American Psychological
                     Association (APA)
•   1. Society for General Psychology                          •   31. State, Provincial, and Territorial Psychological
    2. Society for the Teaching of Psychology                      Association Affairs
    3. Experimental Psychology                                     32. Humanistic Psychology
    4. There is no Division 4 [more info]                          33. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities
    5. Evaluation, Measurement, and Statistics                     34. Population and Environmental Psychology
    6. Behavioral Neuroscience and Comparative Psychology          35. Society for the Psychology of Women
    7. Developmental Psychology                                    36. Psychology of Religion
    8. Society for Personality and Social Psychology               37. Child, Youth, and Family Services
    9. Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues        38. Health Psychology
    (SPSSI)                                                        39. Psychoanalysis
    10. Society for the Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity       40. Clinical Neuropsychology
    and the Arts                                                   41. American Psychology-Law Society
    11. There is no Division 11 [more info]                        42. Psychologists in Independent Practice
    12. Society of Clinical Psychology                             43. Family Psychology
    13. Society of Consulting Psychology                           44. Society for the Psychological Study of Lesbian, Gay,
    14. Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology       and Bisexual Issues
    15. Educational Psychology                                     45. Society for the Psychological Study of Ethnic Minority
    16. School Psychology                                          Issues
    17. Society of Counseling Psychology                           46. Media Psychology
    18. Psychologists in Public Service                            47. Exercise and Sport Psychology
    19. Society for Military Psychology                            48. Society for the Study of Peace, Conflict, and Violence:
    20. Adult Development and Aging                                Peace Psychology Division
    21. Applied Experimental and Engineering Psychology            49. Group Psychology and Group Psychotherapy
    22. Rehabilitation Psychology                                  50. Addictions
    23. Society for Consumer Psychology                            51. Society for the Psychological Study of Men and
    24. Society for Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology       Masculinity
    25. Behavior Analysis                                          52. International Psychology
    26. Society for the History of Psychology                      53. Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
    27. Society for Community Research and Action: Division        54. Society of Pediatric Psychology
    of Community Psychology                                         55. American Society for the Advancement of
    28. Psychopharmacology and Substance Abuse                     Pharmacotherapy
    29. Psychotherapy
    30. Society of Psychological Hypnosis
    Division 12: Society of Clinical
              Psychology
Definition of clinical psychology offered by Division
 12:

The field of Clinical Psychology integrates science,
  theory, and practice to understand, predict, and
  alleviate maladjustment, and personal
  development.
Clinical Psychology focuses on the intellectual,
  emotional, biological, psychological, social, and
  behavioral aspects of human functioning across
  the lifespan, in varying cultures, and at all
  economic levels.
  What is Clinical Psychology?
• General Characteristics
• Activities and Work Settings of Clinical
  Psychologists
• Distinguishing Clinical Psychology from
  Related Professions
       Clinical Psychology:
      General Characteristics
Emphasizes:
• Science
• Maladjustment
• Individual
       Emphasis on Science
Clinical psychology, as a subdiscipline within
  the science psychology, adheres to two
  important assumptions of science:

• Determinism-events have determinable
  causes
• Empiricism-events must be observable
  and measurable
  Emphasis on Maladjustment
• The concern is with the scientific
  understanding of abnormal behavior and
  emotional suffering
   Emphasis on the Individual
Clinical psychology uses research
  information gathered in groups of people
  to guide their work with individiuals
        Emphasis on Helping
• Clinical psychologists help people in
  psychological distress
• Historically, helping was not the first
  emphasis of clinical psychology. Any
  guesses about the first emphasis of
  clinical psychology?
     Activities and Work Settings Of
          Clinical Psychologists
•   Research
•   Teaching
•   Psychotherapy
•   Assessment
•   Consultation
•   Administration
 Distinguishing Clinical Psychology
      from Related Professions
Training of a Clinical Psychologist
• Undergraduate (typical): focus on psychology
• 4 (or more) years of graduate course work
• Masters’ thesis or equivalent
• Practicum training
• Qualifying exam
• Dissertation
• Internship (typically one year)
• State Licensing exam
Distinguishing Clinical Psychology
     from Related Professions
Psychiatry
• Undergraduate: focus on biology or
  chemistry
• Medical school (one year)
• Internship (one year)
• Residency, specialty in psychiatry
• (three years)
• Board exams
 Distinguishing Clinical Psychology
      from Related Professions
Last step in training in   Last step in training in
  Clinical Psychology        becoming a physician
• Defend the               • Take the Hippocratic
  dissertation               oath
 Clinical Psychology vs. Psychiatry
Clinical Psychologists…   Psychiatrists….
• Learn to think as       • Learn facts and use
  researchers               this knowledge to
• To evaluate findings      understand and treat
• To defend their views     patients
  by citing data
Overlap of Clinical Psychology and
            Psychiatry
Both…
• Diagnose
• Treat using therapy (although training in
  psychotherapy is more heavily
  emphasized for clinical psychologists)
 Distinguishing Clinical Psychology
      from Related Professions
Counseling Psychology
• Most similar to clinical psychology
• Training about the same
• Counseling psychologists tend to deal with
  problems of adjustment in healthy individuals
• Historically counseling psychologists worked
  within university counseling centers
• In last few decades, they have expanded their
  work setting to include private practice
• The valid distinction between the two fields is
  fading
 Distinguishing Clinical Psychology
      from Related Professions
School Psychology
• Typically have a masters level of training
• Typically work in school settings
• Significant emphasis on
  testing/assessment
• Consultation with schools to improve
  learning environments
 Distinguishing Clinical Psychology
      from Related Professions
Social Work
• M.S.W. (2 years of post B.A. training)
  emphasizing clinical work
• Typically focus on working with the poor and
  disenfranchised segments of the population
• Work in settings dealing with many aspects of a
  patient’s life and care such as social security,
  housing, food stamps, Medicare, arrangements
  for nursing homes, and foster care placement
• Emphasis on therapy, but not diagnostic training
  or emphasis on research
      Summary: What is Clinical
           Psychology

The field of Clinical Psychology integrates
 science, theory, and practice to
 understand, predict, and alleviate
 maladjustment, and personal
 development.