# #7-- The Facts on Fat by rrboy

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Goals
* Increase awareness of the amount of fat in commonly consumed food,
especially fast food.

PREP:                                                   PROPS:
• Assemble props                                       • 2 Fast Food Guides
• Prepare blackboard for use (if possible)             • Fat Tubes
• Obtain computer and internet access (if possible)    • Artery Model
• 5 lb. Muscle and Fat Module
• Fanny Pack
• 2 Handouts: Fitting in Fast Food, Be Fat Wise
• Optional handout: Be a Fat Buster

WHAT TO DO:

1. SAY: Do you eat at fast food restaurants? Where do you eat? What do you order?

2. SAY: I need 3 volunteers. The ﬁrst volunteer will list foods and beverages recently eaten at a fast food restaurant.
The second and third volunteers will ﬁnd the fat and calories the student ate, using the fast food guides or the restau-
rant’s website.

3. ACTION: Provide chalk/chalkboard (if possible) or paper and the Fast Food Guides/internet for students 2 and 3 to
calculate the total fat and calories in the meal.

4. SAY: On average, 12 year-olds need approximately 2000 calories and no more than 65 grams of fat each day. How
many calories and fat did the volunteer student consume? How much of his/her daily intake did this meal contribute?

5. SAY: How can we eat better meals at fast food restaurants?
SAY: Salads, grilled chicken, smaller orders of burgers and fries, shared meals, water, juice/milk instead of pop, diet
pop instead of regular pop are all ways to make healthier choices.

6. ACTION: Show the fat tubes and discuss how much fat is in common snacks and fast foods.

7. SAY: Why do we care if we take in all of this fat?
SAY: Answers could include: we consume too many calories, it’s bad for our hearts, or it clogs our arteries.

8. ACTION: Show the model of the arteries and demonstrate how fat accumulates over time to cause the clog in tube
#4 of the artery model.

9. SAY: The inside of our arteries are smooth and plaque-free at birth.
ACTION: Show Tube #1 on the artery model.

10. SAY: If we eat too much fat, a small deposit called plaque can form.
ACTION: Show Tube #2 on the artery model.

11. SAY: Over time this sticky plaque attracts more fat
ACTION: Show Tube #3 on the artery model.

12. SAY: Eventually, you could end up with a total blockage in your artery. This shuts down blood supply to your heart
and can cause a heart attack.
ACTION: Show Tube #4 on the artery model.
OVER
#7--The Facts on Fat ow

WHAT TO DO (Continued):

13. SAY: Have you ever wondered why food in restaurants tastes so great? Usually, a layer of butter is placed on top
of the food for better presentation---to make it look good---and for great ﬂavor. Also, most restaurant recipes contain
more fat than meals prepared at home. All of this adds fat and unnecessary calories. Did you know that fat has more
than twice the amount of calories than protein and carbohydrates?

14. ACTION: Show the 5 lbs of fat and muscle.
SAY: Notice how dense the muscle is and how it occupies less space. Muscle ﬁbers are tightly bound. When you
eat fat in your diet you don’t automatically put this fat (hold up fat) on your bodies. You can put extra fat on your bod-
ies if you take in more calories than your body uses.

15. SAY: I need a volunteer to strap on this fanny pack and do 15 jumping jacks. Then, we’ll add the 5 pounds of
muscle to represent 5 extra pounds of body weight and do 15 more jumping jacks.

16. ACTION: Choose volunteer and have him/her complete the demonstration.

17. SAY: How did it feel to gain 5 extra pounds? How did it affect your exercise?

18. SAY: What choices can you make in your diets to decrease fat intake?
SAY: You can hold the butter on movie popcorn, pass on the butter on your roll, eat at home, grab a piece of fruit
instead of a Snickers bar and save on calories and fat, choose low-fat yogurt or ice cream, or skip bacon or pepperoni
on pizza.

19. SAY: We all need some fat on our body. It serves as an insulator which helps us mammals maintain our body
temperature. Fat in our diet also contains essential fatty acids that are necessary for body functions. Most of us get
more than enough fat in our diets!

WRAPPING IT UP:

1. SAY: You can still go to a fast food restaurant, but try to make better choices.

2. SAY: Why should we limit our fat intake? Too much is bad for your heart, can clog your arteries, and can allow
you to put on excess weight. Calories from fat add up quickly so limit your intake!

3. SAY: You can check out the nutritional value of your favorite fast food restaurant online. Knowing this informa-
tion before you go to the restaurant can help you make healthier choices.

4. ACTION: Distribute handouts.
•Fitting In Fast Food
•Be Fat Wise
•Be a Fat Buster (optional)

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