40 Facts About Indoor Air Quality 1. VOC’s are Volatile organic compounds, which readily dissipate into the air at room temperature, i.e., benzene and gasoline. 2. The average human breathes about 23,000 times a day and moves around 438 cubic feet of air. Wouldn’t it be nice if it were “PURE AIR”? 3. The fastest growing litigation in 1999 was class action suits from contaminated water, Food and sick building air. 4. 72% of business travelers believe that the hotel room of the future should have “air purifiers”. 5. Fingernail polish often contains four or five chemicals the Environmental Protection Agency calls potentially harmful. If a person bought fingernail polish in a 55-gallon drum, the empty drum could not be legally thrown into a landfill. It would have to be transported to the nearest state-regulated commercial hazardous waste disposal facility. As many as 350,000 nail polish bottles find their way into the average U.S. municipal waste landfill every year. 6. Oxidation means a substance undergoes a chemical change resulting in a different substance. Fire is an example of oxidation. 7. Trees emit hydrocarbons called terpenes. These byproducts of photosynthesis combined with sunlight can create enough ozone to produce a forest haze commonly familiar in forests or mountains. Pure ozone, produced naturally is distinctly blue in color. However, when ozone is generated commercially from the air, a colorless gas is produced. 8. Ozone is generated by electrical lightening storms, electrical equipment such as photocopiers, motors, projection equipment, and welding, etc. 9. Indoor air pollution has been described by the EPA and Congress as America’s #1 environmental health problem. 10. Air pollutants can cause allergies, sick building syndrome, bacteria infections, and spread viruses to name a few. 11. People spend 75-90% of their time indoors. 12. 50% of all major office buildings have contaminated heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems (HVAC). If not properly maintained, they are a hotbed for growth of molds and bacteria. 13. 40% of all major office buildings can expect occupants to suffer from indoor air pollution. 14. The World Health Organization Committee’s (WHO) report 1984 suggested that up to 30% of new and remodeled buildings worldwide might be the subject of excessive complaints related to indoor air quality (IAQ). 15. Sick Building Syndrome (“SBS”) is used to describe situations in which building occupants suffer from acute health and comfort disorders. The complaints appear to be linked to the time spent in a building, but no specific illness or cause can be identified. The complaints may be localized in a particular room or zone or may be widespread through a building. 16. Mold, mildew, plumbing problems, tightly sealed buildings, off gasses from carpets, glues; copy machines and furniture are causes of Sick Building Syndrome. 17. Ozone’s characteristic odor can be smelled immediately after a lightening storm or near photocopiers, printers or electrical motors – all of which generate ozone. Its odor also has been described as a smell of clean bed sheets. 18. Traditional air filters only trap medium-to –large particles and have no effect on gases, vapors, bacteria and viruses. 19. Sore throat, headaches, sore eyes, fatigue, coughing, wheezing, itching, nausea and lethargy are causes of Sick Building Syndrome. 20. Indoor air quality experts consider a building to be “sick” when there are known contaminants at harmful concentrations or when 20% or more of its occupants are plagued by a variety of common symptoms that occur only while at work. 21. The ozone in the stratosphere is continually being formed by the high-energy radiation from the sun. The ozone formed in the stratosphere would convert back to O2 due to the time it would take for the ozone to fall to earth. 22. Legionnaire’s Disease was the start of the term “Sick Building Syndrome”. 23. A HEPA filter only filters the air in a room that actually makes it through the filter, and HEPA filters have little effect on gases. 24. We have not done any studies on the effects of negative ions. However, hundreds of scientific articles have been published, and they generally report very positive effects on humans from negative ions. 25. The three categories of air pollution are: Particulates – dust and particles; Gases – fumes and off-gas from furniture, carpeting, etc.; Microbial – viruses, bacteria, mold, etc. 26. REME+ Technology improves the effectiveness of existing filter systems. 27. Some molds are harmless, some produce compounds that may cause strong reactions in 15% of the population. 28. Some molds produce compounds that can make even the non-allergic ill. 29. It is estimated that productivity losses related to poor IAQ are 14 minutes per day per employee without considering liability issues. 30. Mold and mildew are interchangeable names for fungal growth. 31. Molds and mildew need a food source such as paper, leather, wood, paint, glue, natural fibers and organic matters. 32. The optimal temperature for mold and mildew growth is 77-88 degrees F. 33. Humidity at 70% to 93% is best for mold and mildew growth. 34. Light is not necessary for mold to grow. 35. Prolonged exposure of your eyes can cause dry eyes and a burning sensation. You should not look directly into a UV light. 36. Various state and Federal Agencies have found ozone generators or lighting air generators put out ozone far in excess of legal limits. One report by the University of Tulsa found room concentration of 2ppm, which is four times the legal limit and twice the human tolerance level. 37. “Friendly Oxidizers” are based on oxygen and hydrogen and revert back to harmless carbon dioxide and water after they oxidize. No chemicals are involved. 38. We all breathe some ozone that is produced naturally. However, we should limit our exposure to Federal safety limits. 39. Traditional air filters only trap medium0to-large particles and have not effect on gases, vapors, bacteria and viruses. 40. HEPA filters only filter the air in a room that actually makes it through the filter, and HEPA filters have little effect on gases, odors and viruses.
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