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What is Narration by student19

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									What is Narration?

    Writing Seminar
                   Narration
   Narration tells a story. Narratives can be fact
    or fiction.
   Narratives can be told in first or third person.
   Like description, narratives can be objective or
    subjective.
                     The Writer’s Role
   Third Person
      In narratives, the writer may be a reporter or recorder of events using the third

        person:
             The Ableson Company was founded in 1910 by Frank and George
              Ableson, both of whom had worked for Union Pacific. Their firm
              perfected the stem regulator, which became standard equipment on
              all locomotives by 1920. The San Francisco firm expanded during
              the Twenties and built facilities in Oakland, St. Louis, Atlanta, New
              York, and Boston. During the Depression, the Ableson brothers,
              both suffering from heart disease, sold the firm to National Gear
              and Brake.
          Third person narratives may be objective or subjective. The writer’s tone and
            attitude is developed through the choice of words and details. Biographies,
            for example, may be favorable or negative.
              First Person Subjective
   In first person narratives, the writer is often the main participant or actor, usually
    focusing on personal reactions to events:
        Having lived in Manhattan my entire life, I knew nothing about horses.
         I had never been to a race track or a circus. I never liked Westerns.
         My only contact with horses was a single carriage ride in Central Park
         one muggy July afternoon. When my sister invited me to her horse
         farm in Washington, I offered to earn my keep by helping out. Only
         then did I realize how delicate those lumbering beasts are. I learned
         that horses required more care than my fragile-looking but hearty little
         Bichon Frise.
             First Person Subjective
   Not all first person narratives are subjective. Often the writer is an objective
    reporter of events, an eyewitness recounting his or her observations:
      I met Frank Minton as soon as he was discharged from the hospital. He felt
        lucky to be alive. His seatbelt had kept him from going through the
        windshield, and he had only a swollen cheek and some double-vision to
        indicate that he had survived a nearly fatal crash. But in the weeks that
        followed, I began to notice strange after effects. Frank forgot to return phone
        messages. One afternoon, while writing out payroll checks for his staff, he
        repeatedly asked me the date. I watched as his pen froze over the checkbook.
        He would then flip back to check the spelling of a friend’s name. At the piano,
        he played the same bar over and over again, seemingly unable to proceed to the
        next. It would be months before any of us were willing to accept the painful
        fact this his jazz career was over.
     The narrator may serve as an objective eyewitness or a subjective commentator,
        injecting personal opinion and interpretation.
                         Focus
   In narration, it is important to have a clear thesis or
    focus. Too often, students attempt to tell a lengthy
    story worthy of a novel. Trying to relate a long,
    complex story in a short paper can have the effect of
    watching a video in fast forward.
   Unless you are writing an accident report, there is no
    reason to relate every incident or detail that happens.
    Focus only on major events or themes. There is no
    reason for this student to clutter her paper with
    meaningless details.
   ***It is better to think of your narrative as a scene
    from a movie, rather than the whole story.
                   Possible Topics
   A childhood event that shaped your attitudes about a person,
    school, sport, etc.
   An incident that exposed you to danger.
   Your first day at SHA or a job.
   The key play of an important game.
   An incident that caused you to make any kind of decision.
   A first experience.
                     Getting Started
   Developing a narrative can be challenging.
    You may be unsure about which details to
    include or how to begin and end the essay.
       Define your purpose
            Before rushing into telling a story, ask yourself what the
             goal of your narrative will be. What do you want to
             accomplish? What do you want your readers to
             understand or appreciate? Clarifying your response will
             help you determine which details are relevant and which
             events should be highlighted.
       Limit The Chain of Events
   Keeping the desired length of the narrative in
    mind, limit the narrative to a key scene or
    scenes. Do not feel obligated to summarize
    everything that happened.
          Sketch Out a Timeline
   Before writing, you may find it helpful to
    sketch out a timeline of events, placing events
    in chronological order. This may help you
    develop a fuller picture of the narrative and
    prompt your memory.
           Starting and Ending
   Some narratives may have clear beginnings or
    dramatic finales. In other instances, you may
    have to decide when the narrative starts or
    what would make a logical conclusion.
    Flashbacks and Flashforwards
   Narratives do not have to be related in a
    straight chronological pattern. Flashbacks can
    be effective in introducing background
    information, so that the opening can be more
    dramatic.
                Add Dialogue
   In writing a narrative, you may be tempted to
    retell a story or relate an event by putting
    everything in your own words. Using
    someone’s actual words can speed the process
    of telling the story and allow people to speak
    for themselves. Their personality, attitudes,
    social background, age, and lifestyles can be
    reflected by their tone and choice of words.

								
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