PLANNING AND ZONING HOW CAN THE TWO BE UNITED? The Planning Process What is Planning? • Planning is a process consisting of steps that aim toward a goal. • The goal is usually to improve physical, economic and social environment. • Rebuild neighborhoods, plan new areas, redesign old ones. The Planning and Zoning Partnership Zoning is used to protect people and their property. Planning is the process we use to reach well-considered decisions for the future. Planning Ahead Plan Ahead. Changes should be reflected in a plan or general overall intent for community growth. A good plan is like a road map; it shows the final destination and usually the best way to get there. H. Stanley Judd What Does a Community Get When It Plans Ahead? Something That Lasts for Centuries Planned neighborhood units 20 city squares 250 years ago The Planning Process • Uncovers existing and potential problems • Helps prevent or solve problems • Develops plans and programs • Provides alternatives • Reveals and describes problems and opportunities • Clarifies needs and objectives • Achieves solutions and goals How We Plan • • • • • Identify the problem or opportunity. Collect and evaluate information. Compare the alternatives. Select a plan and put it to work. Monitor the progress and keep the plan on track. Community Planning The planning process will include: • Identifying strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. • Gathering and analyzing data. • Formulating goals and objectives • Identifying and evaluating alternatives • Selecting a course of action and • Implementing it Existing Medina County Plans 208 Water Quality Management Plan Thoroughfare Plan Community Comprehensive Plans Park District Plan Mitigation Plan Plans, Studies & Regulations Subdivision Regulations Zoning Regulations and Codes FEMA Regulations EPA Regulations Stormwater Management Regulations Natural Resource Study Chippewa Watershed Study Subdivision Regulations Adopted by the Medina County Commissioners and the Medina County Planning Commission Purpose of the Subdivision Regulations: 1. To protect and provide for public health, safety and general welfare. 2. To ensure that development occurs in accordance with County plans and policies. Working Relationships Agencies: • Highway Engineer’s office • Sanitary Engineer or Health Department • ODOT • Soil and Water Conservation District • Tax Map Office • Park District • Building Department Working Relationships Other participants in the process: • Public Utilities • Columbia Gas • Electric Companies • ODNR • School Districts • Fire and Police Departments Working Relationships Township Trustees and Zoning Officials • Major subdivisions • Minor subdivisions • Review site plans • Review text and map amendments • Provide research materials • Assist in Comprehensive Planning • Mapping Municipalities Villages and Cities • Will review text and map amendments • Will provide assistance in preparation of Comprehensive Plans • Will provide assistance in preparation of Zoning Code Updates • Mapping Subdivision Approval Process Minor Subdivisions Major Subdivisions Pre-Application Meetings Concept Plans Preliminary Plans Final Plats Using Planning to Make Decisions Zoning Commission members and Trustees can rely on the Zoning Resolution, the plans, criteria and facts received at meetings to make decision. • Comprehensive Plan • Natural Resource Study or Chippewa Lake Watershed Study • Available GIS data • 208 Water Quality Management Plan for NE Ohio Meeting the Needs of the County as a Whole Ensure needs of the county as a whole are met and will not be detrimental to adjacent areas. Zoning regulations for each community need to be sufficient to accommodate changes from residential to commercial or industrial uses. Meeting the Changing Needs of the Community Changing Lifestyles: • Working from home. • Aging population. • Changing economy. • Automobile dependency. • Technological advances. Relating Changes to Zoning Changing Lifestyles: • Working from home. Internet access • Aging population. • Changing economy. • Automobile dependency. • Technological advances. Home occupations or home businesses Senior housing, assisted living facilities and accessory apartments, medical facilities McMansions, big box development Mixed uses and density. Telecommunication Towers Keeping Plans Up-To-Date Official Zoning Map Zoning Resolution or Code Comprehensive Plan County Plans Education and Training Zoning Officials need to know: 1. What their legal responsibilities are. 2. What is expected of them. 3. How to run a meeting. 4. About new technologies and land uses. 5. What township and/or county plans are in place for future growth and development. 6. That they can say no. What Can Communities Do? Based upon a plan, local communities can: • Update official zoning map and regulations and comprehensive plan • Protect environment • Preserve natural resources • Provide different types of housing for everyone • Promote sound land use planning Things to Keep In Mind Everything does not stay the same. Land Use is dynamic and constantly changing. That farm next door may not always remain a farm, no matter what the current farmer says, and That house, building, or neighborhood may not always be there. Promote Sound Planning Take advantage of planners in the community. Talk to public agencies that: •use future planning to prepare capital improvement plans, •mitigate traffic congestion, •enhance the efficient use of infrastructure, •protect open space, •and provide affordable housing for all members of the community.. Planning is Simply: • Ensuring the development of your community in a responsible manner • Making conscientious decisions about development through planning •Doing the right thing Making Conscientious Decisions • Make decisions in a responsible manner. • Do the right thing because it benefits the community. • Make conscientious decisions on amendments. • Understand that change is inevitable . . . But, maybe not today.