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									annual review


An independent body working to eliminate the hazards of pesticides

From the Chair of PAN UK
In PAN UK’s 20th year of working to reduce and eliminate the hazards of pesticides, the growth in the demand for organic cotton, and increasing awareness by consumers of the provenance of the food they eat, clearly demonstrated progress in areas where PAN has sought to influence opinion. But while these showed achievements towards PAN’s vision of a world free of toxic pesticides, other events show there is still a long way to go. Confusion was caused by the World Health Organisation appearing to sanction the increased use of DDT for malaria control in Africa. In the UK, the government proved unwilling to accept the recommendations of the Royal Commission on Environmental Protection report on Crop Spraying and the Health of Residents and Bystanders. Both these events and many others show the need for PAN UK’s continuing work, on its own and as part of the PAN International network. Some of PAN UK’s achievements in 2006 are shown elsewhere in this review. As the Chair of the Board, I am pleased to report that in 2006, the organisation remains on a firm financial footing, although gaining grants for our work in what is for some a very niche sector of operation remains a challenge, but one which, again and again, the small staff and volunteers, supported by the Board, have shown they can rise to. 2006 also marked the retirement of Barbara Dinham who had worked for PAN for 16 years , the last six as Director, and without whose commitment and dedication PAN would not be the organisation it is today. We are however delighted that Linda Craig, former General Secretary of Quaker Peace & Social Witness, joined PAN as Director in September.

Martin Tyler Chair of the Board

PAN UK objectives are to:
• • • Eliminate the hazards of pesticides Reduce dependence on pesticides Promote ecologically and economically sound alternatives to chemical pest control

PAN UK works at several levels:
Local • providing information about how food and textiles are produced, to enable consumers to make choices about buying food free of residues and clothing and food which has been produced without the growers paying a price in money and their health. • increasing the market share of organic cotton in the UK and other European countries • publishing advice about controlling pests in the home and garden without hazardous chemicals. National and European • working to challenge and change national and EU regulations on pesticides • providing information to those affected by pesticide exposure in the UK, with a campaign to increase the right to information about local pesticide use International • working with other partner organisations to eliminate stocks of obsolete pesticides which impact on health and the environment across Africa, and working with local NGOs in Africa to prevent the build up of new stockpiles. • championing the small scale farmers, in Africa and elsewhere, as they balance the increasing demands of the global export trade on which their livelihoods depend with their abilities to produce food for domestic consumption Global • monitoring the implementation of the conventions which regulate pesticides use, by providing training on monitoring local impacts and taking case studies about these impacts of pesticides to decision-makers in international institutions. • working with PAN regional centres globally to achieve a worldwide ban on the most toxic pesticides: endosulfan, paraquat and DDT.

Outreach • An active programme of communication to raise awareness of pesticides issues supports and informs project work. This includes a widely-accessed website; publication of our quarterly journal, Pesticides News; dissemination of peerreviewed research through Current Research Monitor and its related web-based research site; the supporters’ bulletin Greenfly; and a service to answer queries from the press and public. PAN UK also runs the ` annual Rachel Carson Memorial Lecture.

Problems with pesticides
Pesticides are toxic chemicals used to kill or control pests (including insects, weeds, diseases) in agriculture, urban areas and for public health purposes. Their widespread introduction into the environment, often without adequate safeguards, create problems: Human poisonings and health risks Environmental hazards Loss of biodiversity Wildlife deaths Animal and livestock deaths Interference with natural pest control Resistance among pests Unwanted imports Obsolete and unusable stocks Residues in food Water pollution High input costs

Pesticide Action Network UK

Solving the problems
PAN UK’s targets for 2005-2010
1. Pesticide reduction in the UK: A reduction in pesticide use and exposure in the UK in agriculture, amenity and homes and gardens, through a pesticide reduction policy with measurable targets and monitoring systems. 2. Global phase outs: The replacement of six of the most dangerous pesticides globally, particularly those recognised as extremely and highly hazardous by the World Health Organisation and those affecting the environment and biodiversity 3. Cradle to grave impacts: Recognition of the adverse impacts of chemical pesticides throughout their life cycle including: pesticide poisonings; costs of regulation, disposal and monitoring impacts; and the hidden costs to health and the environment 4. Corporate accountability: Better regulation of agrochemical corporations and the transparency of their activities in relation to pesticide production, sales, exports and use, with actions to curtail their influence. 5. Obsolete stockpiles: A global clean-up of stocks of obsolete pesticides in an environmentally sound manner, backed with obligations and capacity to prevent future problems 6. Centre of excellence: Establishment of a ‘centre of excellence’ on alternatives to increase the availability and access to safer pest management solutions 7. Sustainable supply chains: The creation of a sustainable supply chain for organic cotton, linked to fair trade, and for similar fair and healthy supply chains of other commodities/food items that promote sustainable agriculture strategies and support rural livelihoods 8. Sustainable agriculture: Significant acceptance at policy and practical levels of the value of organic, Intergrated Pest Management, and other agroecological strategies for farming, that are based on participatory approaches to build on farmer knowledge and promote biodiversity 9. Supportive research: The adoption of policies by the UK and the EU that promote funding for public agricultural research with an emphasis on sustainable pest management 10. A public voice for pesticide-free-futures: An enhanced awareness of pesticide problems, and effective channels for expression of concerns about residues in food, access to information, and adverse impacts on health and the environment, to influence changes in policy, regulation and business practices

Some of PAN UK’s achievements in
Tickets for the Rachel Carson Memorial Lecture and associated exhibition sold out. In the lecture, Dr Camilla Toulmin of the International Institute for Environment and Development spoke about the importance of organic cotton to small scale farmers in West Africa, and a lively panel discussion was chaired by William Lana of Greenfibres. The exhibition included displays of organic cotton clothing from a variety of sources.

Display of Organic Cotton Clothing at the Lecture

Dr Camilla Toulmin presenting the Lecture

‘We are building a new corporate website and in the Ecology section would like to make your publication “My Sustainable T-Shirt” available for download as a pdf file from our site. Your brochure does an excellent job of explaining it [what is implied by the term “organic” clothing] in a straightforward way.’
Textile Company Manager

Bringing 5 Senegalese vegetable smallholders on a farmer exchange visit to Europe to look at how European growers are coping with stricter pesticide requirements in a climate of decreasing farmgate prices. They visited conventional, organic and Integrated Pest Management (IPM) farms in UK, Netherlands and Germany, ranging from some of the most high technology and large-scale greenhouse tomato cultivation supplying major supermarkets to small-scale organic growers selling via local box schemes. Many useful lessons were exchanged on alternative marketing channels, the use of biological control in greenhouse production, and the need to consider consumer demands.
Left: Senegalese farmer quizzes staff at organic farm, Germany

‘Pesticides News is really a good source for people to find each other and use the experiences for better practice in safe pest control’
Hossein Heidari, Plant Protection Research Institute, IRAN.

Establishing the Bhopal Medical Appeal as an independent charity: This was finalised in the early months of 2007, although the work for this was done throughout 2006. The BMA has set a minimum target of transferring £70,000 a year towards the running costs of the Sambhavna Clinic, which provides medical care and support for the victims of the 1984 Bhopal gas disaster. The target was achieved in 2006.

The launch of the new organic cotton website a consumer-oriented and user-friendly website to raise the profile of organic cotton with the public. The centrepiece of the website is the Directory to Organic Cotton Retailers, which now contains 80 UK brands, 250 retail outlets and as many online or mail-order shops. The initial response from retailers has been excellent. From its launch, the Wear Organic section has proved by far the most popular section of the website accounting for just over 30% of all traffic generated.

‘PAN’s publications are fantastic. As a journalist I really appreciate such welldocumented and reliable info, which you can see has been thoroughly checked.’
Angela Robson, BBC freelancer

PAN UK provided significant input into the Royal Commission on Environmental Protection report on Crop Spraying and the Health of Residents and Bystanders, and like other campaigners, was dismayed when the government response rejected most of the recommendations, preferring a voluntary approach to more legislation. PAN continues both to monitor effectiveness of the voluntary approach, and to seek opportunities to influence the legislative process.

A re-launch of the PAN UK website, including revised guidance on pesticide residues in food, based on PAN’s detailed analysis of government residue statistics. These pages provide practical information on how to avoid residues, including – top ten food for residues; worst and best fruit; worst and best vegetables; worst other food. Surveys show ongoing consumer concern about residues – PAN continues to provide the information consumers need.
The new PAN UK website was launched in June 2006

‘Many thanks once again for the monthly Gardening Tips, which I pass on to community gardening groups as well as dispose of a fair number in our cafe. Well done for churning them out every month!’
London Borough Gardens Officer

With PAN Africa and PAN Asia-Pacific, adapting the Community-based Pesticide Action Monitoring training materials which have been successful in Asia to an African context. Communities which have been trained will be able to provide scientifically rigorous evidence of how pesticides are affecting health and environment in their communities, to influence international pesticide regulation. The first training events took place in Tanzania and Senegal in summer 2006. 52 participants were drawn from Mali, Morocco, Tunisia, Benin, Togo, Cameroon, Senegal, Guinea Bissau, Niger, Burkina Faso, Tanzania and Mauritania to ensure that a maximum dissemination of this training.

NGO and government extension staff in practical training on ecotoxicological monitoring, Ethiopia

Statement of Financial Activities
(incorporating income and expenditure account) For the year ended 31 December 2006
Restricted Funds 2006 £ INCOMING RESOURCES Incoming resources from generated funds Voluntary income and core funding Activities to generate funds Investment income Incoming resources from charitable activity Other incoming resources TOTAL INCOMING RESOURCES RESOURCES EXPENDED Costs of generating funds: Fundraising and promotion costs Charitable expenditure: Costs of activities in furtherance of the charity's objects Governance costs TOTAL RESOURCES EXPENDED Net income / (expenses) TOTAL FUNDS AT 1 JANUARY 2006 TOTAL FUNDS AT 31 DECEMBER 2006 Unrestricted Funds 2006 £ Total Funds 2006 £

Total Funds 2005 £

1,407,201 1,407,201

20,000 83,900 8,666 11,005 21,616 145,187

20,000 83,900 8,666 1,418,206 21,616 1,552,388

12,945 61,062 12,985 1,158,058 1,245,050





1,474,462 1,474,462 (67,261) 258,515 £ 191,254

14,868 8,588 36,451 108,736 66,411 £ 175,147

1,489,330 8,588 1,510,913 41,475 324,926 £ 366,401

1,195,394 14,202 1,232,474 12,576 312,350 £ 324,926

Full annual accounts for 2006 available at PAN UK is grateful for all the generous support we received, financially and in kind, in 2006. Major donors are listed below, and we also received many donations from individuals. It is not possible to list all these, but we thank all those who have sent donations - these are vital to PAN UK’s operation.

Major donors in 2006
1970 Trust, Chapman Charitable Trust, City Bridge Trust, Commission of the European Communities, Cuthbert Horn Charitable Trust, Environment Agency, Esmee Fairburn Foundation, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Hivos (Biodiversity Fund of the Dutch Government), JA Clark, JJ Charitable Trust, Oxfam-NOVIB, Sheepdrove Trust, The Cooperative Bank, The Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust, The Rufford Maurice Laing Foundation, The Sigrid Rausing Trust, World Bank Development Grant Fund.

Left: Farmer in Tanzania: unsafe spraying practices

Pesticide Action Network UK works to eliminate the dangers of toxic pesticides, our exposure to them, and their presence in the environment where we live and work. Nationally and globally, PAN promotes safer alternatives, the production of healthy food and sustainable farming.

Linda Craig, Director Oscar Martinez, Finance Manager Dr. Stephanie Williamson, International Project Officer, Food & Fairness Damien Sanfilippo, Cotton Project Officer Eloise Touni, Project Officer, African Stockpiles and Pesticides and Poverty (maternity leave to early 2008) Dr. Sheila Willis, Project Officer, African Stockpiles and Pesticides and Poverty Dr. Roslyn McKendry, Editor of Pesticides News, National Project Officer Nick Mole, UK and European Programme Coordinator Rebecca Richings, Information and Outreach Manager Diane Gangadeen, Assistant Accountant Ed Payne, Senior Administrator Elliott Cannell, PAN Europe Coordinator Kate Bootle, Executive Secretary, Bhopal Medical Appeal Barbara Dinham, retired October 2006 Alistair Friend, left May 2006 Alison Craig, left July 2006 Clare Butler Ellis, left December 2006


Board of Directors
Martin Tyler (Chair), Head of Finance, Fairtrade Foundation David Baldock, Director, Institute for European Environmental Policy Peter Beaumont, Osteopath Eileen Maybin, Media Advisor, Fairtrade Foundation Jane Shepherd, Founder, Organics for Kids Laura Potts, Reader in Public Health and the Environment, York St John University Mike Ward, Transport and General Workers Union, lay representative Christopher Stopes, EcoS Consultancy Anthony Youdeowei, Adviser to the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN, Accra, Ghana Sandra Bell, Friends of the Earth (resigned September 2006)

Pesticides News PAN UK’s flagship quarterly journal provided in-depth research, news and information to subscribers – practitioners, policy-makers, NGOs and other in over 100 countries. In 2006, readers learnt, for example, about the hazards of pesticides in West African Cotton growing, PAN North America’s drift catcher project, the impact of farmer training in Africa, food residues campaigns in Austria and the Netherlands, and the progress of the African Stockpiles Programme. PN critiqued the UK national pesticide strategy and EU directives on the use of pesticides. All this alongside smaller news items and book reviews. Greenfly In Autumn 2006, Greenfly, our newsletter for supporters was an allotment special. It also included a handy wallet sized cut-out-and-keep guide to the fruits, vegetable and other foods shown to have the highest pesticide residues. Gardening Tips Produced monthly, and downloaded by or sent to over 1,000 gardeners, allotment holders and allotment organisations, Gardening Tips included a monthly round up of tasks, and updates on chemical free ways of dealing with pests and diseases, such as downy mildew and carrot root fly.
Other publications produced in 2006

We have continued to benefit from the hard work of a range of volunteers, some for short periods, others over a longer period of time. In 2006, these were: Rico Coelho, Judy Daniels, Hazel Drummond, Brian Green, Ava Greenwell, Gaelle Hossie, Sarah Johnston, Tomo KojoRobertson, Lidia Labbaci, Alisa Levina, Jonathan Marriott, Sharna Richings, Maddy Rolinson, Sanja Treskic, Reinalt Vaughan-Williams, Manga Waggott.

• Your Daily Poison: The Second UK Pesticide Exposure Report • The Alternative Pesticides Residues report – what the Government doesn’t tell us • My Sustainable T shirt – a guide to Organic, Fairtrade, and other Eco Standards and Labels for Cotton Textiles

Company Registered Number 02036915 Charity Registered Number 0327215 Registered Office Development House, 56-64 Leonard Street, London EC2A 4LT +44 207 065 0905

Visit these key PAN websites for pesticide resources PAN UK’s web-based library of scientific and other research papers on pesticide concerns PAN UK’s online database of pesticide disposal facilities PAN North America’s comprehensive and easily searchable database on all pesticide active ingredients PAN Germany’s new database on sustainable alternatives to chemical pesticides in 14 important crops important for developing countries

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