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Microsoft PowerPoint - 26_07_07 Height aware

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Microsoft PowerPoint - 26_07_07 Height aware

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									Health and Safety Executive

What is the problem?

Height Aware in Cleaning

• • • • • •

Falls are the biggest cause of workplace fatal injuries – 46 in 2005/06 and over 3300 major injuries 66% of injuries are as a result of falls below head height 30% involve ladders Prevention of falls is HSE priority Costs Some examples

Inappropriate Equipment

Unsuitable Task

Identify activities and precautions

Are you or your workers at risk?

• • • •

If you have not identified work at height, how can you control it? Identify work at height tasks and decide whether precautions are adequate Don’t forget about falls from below head height Select the most appropriate equipment for the job

• •

A cleaner was standing on small bench, putting hand towels onto shelf, when she fell off and hit her back on the sink A cleaner was standing on aluminium stepladder adjusting some lights –ladder collapsed and he fell to floor and suffered bruising to elbow. Rivets in the ladder had come loose

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Are you or your workers at risk?

The Work at Height Regulations 2005

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A cleaner was standing on a chair to clean a cooker hood and fell off. A worker in the dry store was putting tape onto walls. He was standing on a wooden stool. Stool broke and he fell against racking; taken to hospital with fractured rib. Stool was 50cm high.

• • •

Main requirements of the Regulations Guidance on expectations regarding compliance Examples of good and bad practice

Work at Height

Work at Height

Summary of the Regulations

What is work at height?

• • • • • •

Organise and plan work at height Ensure competence to work at height Avoid risks from work at height Select suitable work equipment to perform work at height Fragile surfaces Inspect work equipment

• • • • •

Work in any place from a which a person could fall a distance liable to cause personal injury Includes access and egress Includes work at or below ground level Does not include slips or trips on the level Includes falls below head height

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Organisation, planning and competence

Organisation, planning and competence

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Work at height should be – Properly planned – Appropriately supervised – Carried out in a safe manner Those working at height should be competent

•

Organisation, planning and competence

Avoidance of risk

• •

AVOID work at height – If you don’t have to go up there, don’t PREVENT the fall – Use an existing safe place or – Use suitable work equipment MITIGATE the consequences of the fall TAKE other measures

• •

Avoidance

Prevention

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Mitigation

Other Measures

Select suitable work equipment

Collective v personal
Collective Fall prevention Personal

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Give collective measures priority over personal protective measures Consider a list of principles in your risk assessment to decide which equipment is most suitable for the job

Guard Work restraint rails,scaffolds, towers, MEWPs Airbags, safety Fall arrest nets

Fall mitigation

Other measures Ladders, stepladders, kick stools

Principles for selection of work equipment

Selection of appropriate work equipment?

•

Take account of – Working conditions – Distance to be negotiated for access and egress – Distance and consequences of a fall – Duration and frequency of use – Need for evacuation and rescue – Additional risks when installing or removing the equipment

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How to select the most appropriate equipment

Inspect work equipment

• • •

Ask yourself whether the equipment you have chosen is suitable for a particular job Review your current practices – could you use something that is safer? Have you considered things like duration and frequency of task when selecting equipment?

• •

Requirements are the same as before the Regulations Inspect – After assembly or installation – At suitable intervals – After exceptional circumstances Check existing place of work before use

•

Using Ladders

Using Ladders

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• HSE has not banned the use of
ladders or stepladders

30% of ALL falls from height involved ladders Risk assessment must justify use – Low risk – Short duration – Site conditions dictate Follow good practice (Schedule 6)

•

• •

Ladders and Stepladders

Ladder Abuse

•

At work – annual statistics: – 14 fatalities – 1203 major injuries – 31%

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Unsafe Work at Height

Ladders and Stepladders

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At home (non-work) – annual statistics: – 50 fatalities – 37,000 accidents Do you have a ladder or stepladder at home?

Ladders and Stepladders
Good Practice

Ladders and Stepladders
Good Practice (continued)

• • • •

Is the ladder the best piece of equipment? (Remember A.P.M) Is the work going to be short duration? (<30 minutes) Is the work low risk? Are the site conditions suitable for ladders?

• • • • •

Are you physically okay to use a ladder? Is the ladder in good condition – have you inspected it? Is the ladder set up properly? Is the ladder secure – tied off, footed? When on the ladder, do you have a handhold available at waist height?

Ladders and Stepladders
Good Practice (continued)

Guidance Material

• • •

On leaning ladders, do you have three points of contact ALL the time? On stepladders, are you working in the right direction? On leaning ladders, are you staying inside the stiles?

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Ladders and Stepladders

Ladders and Stepladders

Ladders and Stepladders

Ladders and Stepladders

Extra wide Stepladders

Key Messages

• • • • •

Falls are the biggest killer Identify the activities and precautions Select appropriate equipment Ensure workers are competent Remember - take a moment, not a fall!

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