Democracy versus a Republic What is the difference
Shared by: student19
Democracy versus a Republic What is the difference? ―Democracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself.‖ John Adams Why did the founding fathers fear democracy? they feared rule by the less educated They feared that the majority would tax the rich (people like Adams) Restricted Voting Rights Men could not vote unless they owned property. (see New York example on page 195) Women could not vote at all—with the exception of New Jersey (from 1807-1821 allowed the vote to unmarried women) Women were allowed a fundamental education . . . more so than most of their European counterparts. The Northwest Ordinance Sectioned off the west for settlement. **admitted a territory as a state as soon as the population was large enough **required all territory be surveyed and placed on a grid system for easy surveying **prohibited slavery in these territories **marked the sale of certain sections to provide funding for schools Bill of Rights Ratified in 1791 Promised individual rights to citizens How many can you remember? Alexander Hamilton and the National Debt Decided that the national debt was in the best interest of the new nation. Encouraged the wealthy to ―invest‖ in the new nation; payoff would be government issued securities paying 6% interest. The National Bank and the Tariff Hamilton’s Ideas – Bank lends money to merchants, makes the currency of the new nation ―Respectable‖ Debt is good Tariff – creates a tax revenue to pay off bond holders – those who invested in the new country and expect 6% interest. The 1790s – a test for the new nation 1793 – Washington’s Proclamation of Neutrality Refused to aid the French during the French revolution Claimed the new nation did not have the financial or military resources to get involved. The Citizen Genet Affair Please make a French diplomat in small donation. America during the After all, we French Revolution helped you . . . Asked Washington for $$$$$ Since he was refused, went around asking for donations and trying to stir up trouble. A political embarrassment– American wanted him recalled. Jay’s Treaty, 1794 John Jay went to Britain to talk about impressment. Instead, the treaty he negotiated removing British from forts on the western frontier and said nothing about impressment. The Whiskey Rebellion, 1794 Western Pennsylvania Farmers protesting the tax on whiskey Led an armed rebellion Washington stopped the rebellion quickly – sent in army. SIGNIFICANCE – FIRST TEST OF THE STRENGTH OF THE CONSTITUTION Pinckney’s Treaty, 1795 Between Spain and the USA 1. Allowed the US to use the port of New Orleans 1. Set the border with Florida at the 31st parallel Washington’s Farewell Address 1. Stay Neutral 2. Avoid political parties Who owns us???