"FAQ ON ELECTORAL MATTERS"
FAQ ON ELECTORAL MATTERS Q. Who can vote? Ans. All citizens of India who are 18 years of age as on 1st January of the year for which the electoral roll is prepared (for the present Special Revision’08 programme it is 1.1.2008) are entitled to be registered as a voter in the constituency where he or she ordinarily resides. Only persons who are of unsound mind and have been declared so by a competent court or disqualified due to ‘Corrupt Practices’ or offences relating to elections are not entitled to be registered in the electoral rolls. Q. What is a Constituency? Ans. Parliamentary Constituency is a geographic area demarcated by the Delimitation Commission of India for the purpose of elections to the House of the People. Voters of each Parliamentary Constituency return one MP to the Lok Sabha. There are 42 Parliamentary Constituencies in West Bengal. Assembly Constituency is a geographic area demarcated by the Delimitation Commission of India for the purpose of elections to the Legislative Assembly of a State. Voters of each Assembly Constituency return one MLA to the State Legislative Assembly. There are 294 Assembly Constituencies in West Bengal. Q. Who is the ERO/AERO? Ans. The electoral roll for each assembly constituency is prepared and revised by the Electoral Registration Officer (ERO). Normally, Sub- divisional Officer or Deputy Magistrate is nominated by Election Commission of India for this post after consultation with the State Government. To assist the Electoral Registration Officer Commission also appoints one or more persons as Assistant Electoral Registration Officer (AERO). The AEROs are competent to perform all the functions of the EROs subject to the control of EROs. Q. What is an electoral roll? Ans. An electoral roll is a list of all eligible citizens who are entitled to cast their vote in an election. The electoral rolls are prepared Assembly Constituency wise. An electoral roll for any Assembly Constituency is sub- divided into parts. Normally, one part will correspond with one polling booth. Each part consists of avg. 1000 electors. Q. Where can I see the Electoral Roll? Ans. Part-wise Electoral Roll is available for public inspection at Polling Booth during the period of Special Revision’08, i.e., 31.7.2008 to 7.8.2008. Q. Wherefrom I get electoral roll related information? Ans. During Special Revision- From Polling Booth. In other times – From BDO Office, SDO Office or DM Office. Electoral Registration Officer who is the authority in regard to preparation and publication of Electoral Roll normally sits in DM Office or SDO Office. Q. How to register in the Electoral Roll? Ans. Right now there is a scope to enroll your name under Special Revision’08 programme. Applications will be received at Polling Stations from 31.7.2008 to 7.8.2008 (except holidays). Q. Is there any prescribed application formats? What Supportive documents are to be attached with the application forms? Ans. Purpose of filing application Form for Supporting documents to be attached application For first time enrollment in the Form 6 • Proof of date of birth like copy of birth electoral roll certificate, School Board Examination certificate/ Admit Card, Passport, PAN Card, etc. • Residence Proof like copy of Ration Card, Bank/Post Office Pass Book/Electricity Telephone Bills, etc. • Parent’s (close blood relative’s, in case parents are absent) Voter’s ID Card (copy). • In case applicant is more than 22 years of age, a declaration in plain paper stating the reasons for non inclusion in the voter list For transfer of name from one Form 6 • Present residence proof document like copy of assembly constituency to other Ration Card, Bank/Post Office Pass Book, Electricity /Telephone Bills, etc. • Copy of Voter’s ID Card. For change of residence from Form 8A • Present residence proof document. one polling area to the other • Copy of Voter’s ID Card. within the same assembly constituency For correction of name/relation’s Form 8 • Official document in support of the correction name, age, sex, EPIC No. Photograph for some other Form 8 • Photo bearing identity document, if any. person printed against the name of the voter (applying for removal for such wrong photograph) Deletion of name from the Voter Form 7 • Copy of Death Certificate in case the applicant is List dead. • Documentary evidence, if any, to prove that the voter is shifted from the place where he/she is enrolled. Q. I have attained 18 years of age on 1.2.2008. Can I apply for enrollment now? Ans. No. At present only those who have attained 18 years of age on 1.1.2008 are eligible. Q. I have changed my residence. Am I to apply again for registration in the Electoral Roll? Ans. Yes. Electoral Roll is prepared area-wise. If you shift your residence you have to apply again for registration in the electoral roll corresponding to your present residential address. If you are shifted to other Constituency you have to apply in Form-6. Full address of previous residence as well as details of previous enrollment is to be noted in the specified space of Form 6. If you are already having EPIC, also note down the EPIC Number in the appropriate space. Attach proof of your present residence and copy of EPIC along with Form 6. If you change your residence within the same constituency but in the different part, you have to submit application in Form 8A. Application can be submitted in the Polling Booth pertaining to your present place of residence. Q. I am away from my native place for higher studies. Where should I apply for enrollment? Ans. You can apply either at your native place or at the place where you reside at present for pursuing your studies. Wherever you apply, along with the application you have to submit a declaration in prescribed format countersigned by the Head of the Institution in which you are studying. Q. I am at present staying away from my native place in connection with service. Can I enroll my name at my native place? Ans. No. You are eligible for enrollment only at the place where you ordinarily reside. Relaxation given to the students in this regard is not applicable for service holders or businessmen who reside away from their native places to pursue their professions. Q. Are Indian Citizens residing abroad in connection with studies, service or business eligible for registration in the electoral roll? Ans. So long they are residing outside India they are not eligible, except for a person who is employed under the Govt. of India, in a post outside India.