KENYA INTEGRATED HOUSEHOLD
JOINT KENYA POVERTY ASSESSMENT
MOMBASA (19TH - 20TH MAY 05)
u Need for evidence-based policy making so as to
optimize on the scarce resources.
u Economic Recovery Strategy (ERS)
u Demand for statistical data to support evaluation
of development programs for economic recovery
u Updated statistics on poverty, consumption
patterns, and living standards useful for planning
u Design and conduct household surveys in an
u Regular updates of key indicators to be
monitored (e.g. measures of poverty and well-
being, aspects of national accounts)
STRATEGY PAPER (PRSP)
q Short to medium term proposals for
reducing poverty in Kenya.
q Basic aim is to provide a framework
for reducing poverty to 32% by
2004 from the 1997 level of 52%.
u Clearlyestablishing critical poverty
u Evaluating how development policies
impact on poverty and how they are
linked to the poverty indicators.
PROBLEMS IDENTIFIED WITHIN
u Lack of education
u Prevalence of sicknesses
u Low productivity
u Inequality in land and capital access
u Vulnerability to poverty especially for
QUESTIONS OF INTEREST
u Are these the only major factors
related to poverty?
u How important are they in poverty
u What other factors interplay in the
u What is the quantified effect on
poverty of these factors?
EXPECTED WITHIN THE PRSP
u Accelerated economic growth
u Good governance
u Adequate security
u Ability for the poor to raise their incomes
u Improving of welfare of Kenyans in terms of equity
u Increase in development participation of the
u 1974 -the first Integrated Rural Survey (IRS I) and
IRS II in 1977. (various measures of poverty in Kenya
u Three welfare monitoring surveys in the 1990’s to
evaluate the social economic effects of SAPs
u WMS I and II in 1992 and 1994 provided an indication
of the extend of absolute poverty in Kenya.
u WMS III in 1997 provided indicators for policy
prioritization. Show incidences, depth and location of
the poor in Kenya as well as the social dimensions of
poverty that included water, health and education.
u Mwabu et al. (2000) and Oyugi (2000) to identify
poverty indicators based on the 1994 WMS data.
q MEASURE AND MONITOR POVERTY
AND LIVING STANDARDS
WHAT ARE THE POVERTY INDICATORS
q UPDATE THE URBAN CONSUMER
PRICE INDEX (CPI) AND
ESTABLISH THE RURAL ONE.
q COMPILE NATIONAL ACCOUNTS
q UPDATE EMPLOYMENT STATISTICS
q COLLECT DATA ON VARIOUS SOCIO-
ECONOMIC CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE
KENYAN POPULATION INCLUDING
EDUCATION, HEALTH, COOKING AND
LIGHTING FUEL (ENERGY),
HOUSING, WATER AND
SANITATION, AMONG MANY OTHER
q INFORMATION AT THE DISTRICT LEVEL
TO SUPPORT THE M&E ACTIVITIES OF
THE ERS, MDG’S AND OTHER
GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND
q INFORMATION ON INITIATIVES SUCH
AS INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS,
PENSION AND HEALTH INSURANCE
RELATION TO PRSP
u Identify priority areas that provide
macroeconomic stability and spur economic
u Identify policy aspects that should go hand in
hand with the priorities
u Evaluate income opportunities- Employment,
Agricultural potential, Enterprises as well as
Education access and training
u Quality of life: Social services that are
essential e.g Education, health, infrastructure,
sanitation, energy and water.
u Equity:-Role of women and other
marginalized in all aspects
u Survey design developed to ensure that
shortcomings of the previous Welfare
Monitoring Surveys and Household Budget
Surveys are addressed. Issues of weighting
and estimation were addressed.
u A sample of 1,343 clusters, each containing
10 households and distributed both spatially
and temporally to account for seasonality.
u Household re-listing: 784 clusters [all
urban, all ASAL, and 20% rural clusters
mainly in settlement districts] were re-listed.
u Isthe length of time (12
(Not in the short run. Data generated from the
survey would provide a basis for adjustments.
But these would most likely be redundant after
u Is the coverage adequate?
(Yes for the available resources but not for
extension of the results to the constituency level
where the CDF is currently being channeled).
MONITORING AND EVALUATION
u A process that requires consistency and stability
u KIHBS project designed to lay a base for future
surveys by taking into account possible players in the
poverty system. Critical indicators will be identified
and quantified, thus providing a comprehensive
evaluation of poverty determinants.
u Previous surveys (WMS and IRS) have been
inconsistent and thus comparativeness is limited
which leads to different interpretations of the poverty
u The current project thus provides a framework for
consistency and stability for poverty monitoring and
u POVERTY PROFILES AT REGIONAL AND
u CRITICAL POVERTY INDICATORS
u POLICY IMPACT ON POVERTY AND LIVING
u QUANTIFIED IMPACTS OF POLICY INDICATORS
u LEVEL AND DIRECTION OF ERS INITIATIVES
u INTERELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POVERTY AND
u METHODOLOGIES: DESIGN, ANALYSIS & M/E