South Carolina Landform Regions (and facts about Landforms) by jackl17

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									SC Carolina Landform Regions
South
       (and facts about Landforms)
Earth

 Where is South Carolina?
        North America
          United States of America   SC

                                     Here we are!
                                     South Carolina
                                     borders the
                                     Atlantic Ocean.
SC      South Carolina Landform Regions Map




                                      Our state is
                                      divided into
                                      regions,
                                      starting at the
                                      mountains and
                                      going down to
                                      the coast.



Do you remember your 3rd grade South Carolina Landform
            Regions? Can you name these?
 Did You Know?

    Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia


   The Southern Atlantic States have about the same
          regions as we do in South Carolina.


   So, during this study, you will also hear about other
  states. What you hear about that landform region in
Virginia, for example, is much the same in South Carolina.
Blue Ridge Mountains
                    Landform Regions
                    SC

The Blue Ridge
Mountain Region
is only 2% of the
South Carolina
land mass.
Facts About the Blue Ridge
Mountains . . .

1, The Blue Ridge Mountains are part of the
    Appalachian Mountain Range.
2. Many streams begin in the mountains.
3. These are the oldest mountains in America.
4. The Blue Ridge Mountains are Folding
    Mountains.
5. The Blue Ridge Region takes up only 2% of
    South Carolina’s land mass.
Types of Mountains

   There are four different types of
               mountains:
          Folded Mountains
        Upwarped Mountains
       Fault Block Mountains
         Volcanic Mountains
Folded Mountains
                        Types of Mountains




Folded mountains form when rock layers
squeezed from opposite sides buckle and
fold. The Appalachians, or Blue Ridge
Mountains are Folded mountains.
Blue Ridge Mountains, SC
Upwarped Mountains
                            Types of Mountains




  Upwarped mountains form when crust is
  pushed up by forces inside of the Earth.
   Examples: Southern Rocky Mountains and
            Adirondack Mountains
Adirondack Mountains, NY




  Yes! There are really mountains in the state of
                   New York!
Fault Block Mountains
                                    Types of Mountains




 Fault-block mountains are made up of huge
 tilted blocks of rock which are separated
 from surrounding rock by faults.
 (Examples: Grand Tetons and Sierra Nevada Mountains.)
The Tetons
Volcanic Mountains
                                   Types of Mountains




Volcanic Mountains are cone-shaped
mountains created from pile-up of
molten materials.

(Examples: The Cascade Mountains in Oregon and Washington,
 and the Hawaiian Islands.)
                                                     Crater Lake,
                                                     Oregon—see
                                                       the cone
                                                     island in the
                                                         water.



                                    The Cascades is a volcanic
                                      mountain range in the
                                   Northwestern United States.

   Mt. St. Helens, Washington




The water in Crater Lake, Oregon
        is just this blue!           Mt. Ranier, Washington
Greenville   Spartanburg   Union   Greenwood   Rock Hill   Abbeville

     Piedmont Landform Regions

                              SC

 If you could see the
 Piedmont Region from
 space and without the
 foliage, you would
 notice it is sort of a
 huge plateau.
Facts About the Piedmont Region . . .

1.The Piedmont is the largest region of
    South Carolina.
2. The Piedmont is thought to be a large
    plateau (raised high land that is usually
    flat on the top).
3. The Piedmont is NOT flat, but is hilly.
4. The Piedmont contains many of our
    largest cities in South Carolina.
5. The Piedmont is often called The
    Upstate.
What do we know about the Piedmont of
the Southeastern Atlantic States?

Let’s watch a three minute video showing us
 about the Piedmont.

You will look for information about the “fall line”
 that divides the higher Piedmont region from
 the lower, softer, Coastal Plain region.

You will find out how early pioneers used the
 rivers and waterfalls to their advantage.
What do we know about the Piedmont
Region of our Southeastern States?




                  The Piedmont of the Southeastern
                        States, StreamlineSC
Movie Follow-Up

What IS the fall line?

How did the fall line hurt transportation
 in the early years of our country?

What did the settlers build at the fall line
 so they could use the power from the
 falls?
               Columbia, Our State Capitol

   Sandhills             Landform Regions

                          SC

Do you wonder why
the Sandhills are so
sandy? They used to
be the coastline of
North America
millions of years ago.
Four Facts About the Sandhills
Region . . .

1. The Sandhills are covered with the left
    over sand dunes when it was SC’s
    coastline millions of years ago.
2. The Sandhills are next to the fall line
    where the land slopes down and the
    rivers become waterfalls.
3. The Sandhills are hilly.
4. The Sandhills has softer ground than
    the Piedmont.
How are sand dunes formed?

All sand dunes are formed the same way.
 Every single one is a pile of sand built up
 by the wind. Once the sand has been
 picked up by the wind, it will go
 wherever the wind carries it. Even
 though most sand dunes are made of the
 same material and formed in the same
 way, they vary widely in appearance.
     Aiken           Orangeburg    Sumter   Florence

Coastal Plain Landform Regions

                                  SC

There is an Inner and
Outer Coastal Plain.
Can you see the
dividing line? This area
was once in the ocean
millions of years ago.
Facts About The Coastal Plains

1. The Coastal Plains are very wet.
2. The Coastal Plains used to be under the ocean
   millions of years ago.
3. The Coastal Plains have savannahs, which are
   wild grass prairies.
4. The Coastal Plains have a lot of swamps and
   marshlands.
5. Because of sediment that settled in the ocean
   millions of years ago over the Coastal Plains,
   there is a lot of Sedimentary Rock in this area.
6. The Coastal Plains are flat in most areas.
What is sediment?

Sediment (n.) Material that settles to the
 bottom of a liquid

What kind of sediment settled in the Inner and
 Outer Coastal Plains millions of years ago
 when they were covered with oceans?

This sediment forms layers of rock
called Sedimentary Rock.
What Happened?
What happened to all that sedimentary rock that
 is supposed to be in the Inner and Outer
 Coastal Plains?

The coastal plains are fairly flat, so the rock has
 that eroded over the last million or so years
 has stayed in the same place as soil instead of
 washing away. There is no new rock exposed
 from erosion, so you do not see sediment!
 Don’t you think the sediment must have
 eroded into soil along time ago?
Flat?

Another thing about the Coastal Plains—

Geologists have learned that the coastal
 plain stair-steps down gradually with six
 flats and seven slopes. They believe that
 this happened as the ocean receded
 (moved backward) throughout
 thousands of years.
Hilton Head   Beaufort   Charleston   Georgetown   Myrtle Beach

Coastal Zone                Landform Regions

                           SC

Take a look at the
city map of South
Carolina. You can
name the cities in
the Coastal Zone.
Facts About the Coastal Zone


1. It borders the Atlantic Ocean.
2. It has sand dunes.
3. It has marshlands, inlets, bays, barrier
  islands.
4. It had Palmetto and Palm trees.
5. It has beaches.
6. It is often battered by hurricanes.
How Did Pioneers Use the
Coastal Zone?



What did the pioneers grow in the Coastal
 Zone? Why did they grow this crop?

Watch a one-minute video to find out.
 StreamlineSC Video

Name a way that pioneers used the
  Coastal Zone of South Carolina.




                                    Along the Southern Coastline, StreamlineSC
Movie Follow-Up

What crop DID the settlers grow in the
 Coastal Zone?

Why was this crop grown in this region?
How did cities begin in South
Carolina?

Take a look at the South Carolina Cities
 Map to learn where the main cities are
 placed. Then look at the Rivers and
 Streams Map. Can you see learn
 anything by comparing the two maps?

Hint: How were rivers used when the
 South Carolina colony was beginning to
 settle?
South Carolina Cities Map
SC Rivers
Remember . . .
   There are five landform regions in
                             South Carolina:

   Blue Ridge Mountains
   Piedmont
   Sandhills
   Inner Coastal Plain
   Outer Coastal Plain
   Coastal Zone
South Carolina 5th Grade Science Curriculum Standard




Structure of the Earth’s System

   Locate and describe the characteristics of South Carolina
    landform regions such as Blue Ridge, Piedmont, Sandhills,
    Coastal Plains, and Coastal Zone.

   Define constructive forces, which include crustal deformation
    (folding and faulting), volcanic eruptions, and deposition of
    sediment.)

   Describe how landforms are created as a result of constructive
    forces.

								
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