United States Navy Regulations by ltq93779

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									           UNITED STATES

                      NAVY

             REGULATIONS


                      -1990-            w/CH 1




             DEPAttTMENT    OF THE      NAVY

                  WASHINGTON,    D.C.

                                               PCN 50100370000

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A:   Approved for public release;
distribution is unlimited
                                  DEPARTMENT           OF    THE       NAVY
                                        OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY
                                       wASHINGTON,    D.C. 20390.1000

                                                                        14    September        1990




         The   following          Regulations        are    issued     in accordance       with              the
provisions         of   Title       10,   United     States      Code,   Section     6011,    for              the
government         of   all     persons       in the     Department      of   the   Navy.

        All   regulations,            orders     and    instructions            inconsistent              with
these    Regulations            are   hereby     revoked.




                                                              H. Lawrence             Garrett,      III
                                                              Secretary          of    the     Navy
RAAUZYUW RUENAAA0201 3111420-UUUU--RUENAVY RUENCGU.
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SUBJ/U.S. NAVY REGULATIONS, 1990, INTERIM CHANGE//
REF/A/DOC/SECNAV/16SEP1990//
AMPN/REF A IS U.S. NAVY REGULATIONS, 1990.//
POC/D. M. MORRISS/CAPT, JAGC, USN/CNO (N09BL)/LOC:2000 NAVY PENTAGON
/TEL:DSN 225-3480//
RMKS/1. PENDING FORMAL AMENDMENT TO REF A, THIS INTERIM CHANGE
REVISES THE TABLE OF CONTENTS, CHAPTER AND SECTION HEADINGS FOR
CHAPTER 7, ARTICLES 0701, 0807, 1030, 1053, 1071, 1074, 1271 AND THE
GLOSSARY OF REF A, TO REPLACE THE TITLE "COMMANDER IN CHIEF" WITH
THE TITLE "COMMANDER." THIS CHANGE IS EFFECTIVE IMMEDIATELY.
2. THE TITLE OF CHAPTER 7, LOCATED IN THE TABLE OF CONTENTS AND AT
THE BEGINNING OF THE CHAPTER AND EACH SECTION OF CHAPTER 7, IS
AMENDED TO READ AS FOLLOWS: "GEOGRAPHIC FLEET COMMANDERS AND OTHER



PAGE 02 RUENAAA0201 UNCLAS
COMMANDERS."
3. PARAGRAPH 1 OF ARTICLE 0701 IS AMENDED TO READ AS FOLLOWS. "1.
THE COMMANDER OF A PRINCIPAL ORGANIZATION OF THE OPERATING FORCES OF
THE NAVY, AS DETERMINED BY THE CHIEF OF NAVAL OPERATIONS, OR THE
OFFICER WHO HAS SUCCEEDED TO SUCH COMMAND AS PROVIDED ELSEWHERE IN
THESE REGULATIONS, SHALL HAVE THE TITLE 'COMMANDER.' THE NAME OF
THE ORGANIZATION UNDER THE COMMAND OF SUCH AN OFFICER SHALL BE ADDED
TO FORM HIS OR HER OFFICIAL TITLE, E.G., 'COMMANDER, U.S. ATLANTIC
FLEET.' COMMANDER, U.S. ATLANTIC FLEET, COMMANDER, U.S. PACIFIC
FLEET, AND COMMANDER, U.S. NAVAL FORCES EUROPE, MAY ALSO BE REFERRED
TO AS A 'GEOGRAPHIC FLEET COMMANDER.'"
4. PARAGRAPH 3 OF ARTICLE 0807 IS AMENDED BY SUBSTITUTING
"GEOGRAPHIC FLEET COMMANDER" IN LIEU OF "COMMANDER IN CHIEF".
5. ARTICLE 1030 IS AMENDED BY SUBSTITUTING "GEOGRAPHIC FLEET
COMMANDER" IN LIEU OF "COMMANDER IN CHIEF".
6. PARAGRAPH 1 OF ARTICLE 1053 IS AMENDED BY SUBSTITUTING
"GEOGRAPHIC FLEET COMMANDER" IN LIEU OF "COMMANDER IN CHIEF".
7. ARTICLE 1071 IS AMENDED TO READ AS FOLLOWS: "SUCCESSION
PRESCRIBED BY A GEOGRAPHIC FLEET COMMANDER. A GEOGRAPHIC
FLEET COMMANDER AND, WHEN EMPOWERED BY THE CHIEF OF NAVAL



PAGE 03 RUENAAA0201 UNCLAS
OPERATIONS, ANY OTHER NAVAL COMMANDER MAY PRESCRIBE THE ORDER OF
SUCCESSION TO COMMAND, INCLUDING HIS OR HER OWN, AMONG THE VARIOUS
OFFICERS WHOM HE OR SHE HAS DETAILED TO COMMAND TASK FORCES OR OTHER
TASK COMMANDS. ALL ORDERS ISSUED UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THIS
ARTICLE SHALL CONTINUE IN EFFECT AFTER THE INCAPACITY OR DEATH OF
THE OFFICER ISSUING THEM UNTIL REVOKED BY HIS OR HER SUCCESSOR IN
COMMAND OR BY HIGHER AUTHORITY. THE POWERS DELEGATED TO A NAVAL
COMMANDER UNDER THIS ARTICLE ARE NOT CONFERRED ON ANY OTHER OFFICER
BY VIRTUE OF THE FACT THAT HE OR SHE IS THE SENIOR OFFICER PRESENT."
8. PARAGRAPH 1 OF ARTICLE 1074 IS AMENDED BY DELETING "COMMANDER IN
CHIEF OF A FLEET" AND REPLACING WITH "GEOGRAPHIC FLEET COMMANDER."
9. THE LAST SENTENCE OF PARAGRAPH 2 OF ARTICLE 1271 IS AMENDED BY
SUBSTITUTING "GEOGRAPHIC FLEET COMMANDERS" IN LIEU OF "COMMANDERS IN
CHIEF" AND INSERTING THE WORD "NUMBERED" BEFORE "FLEET COMMANDERS."
10. THE GLOSSARY DEFINITION OF "FLEET" IS AMENDED AS FOLLOWS: "AN
ORGANIZATION OF SHIPS, AIRCRAFT, MARINE FORCES AND SHORE-BASED FLEET
ACTIVITIES ALL UNDER THE COMMAND OF A COMMANDER OR GEOGRAPHIC FLEET
COMMANDER WHO MAY EXERCISE OPERATIONAL AS WELL AS ADMINISTRATIVE
CONTROL."
11. IN LIEU OF ENTERING THIS INTERIM CHANGE IN REF A, MAKE A BOLD



PAGE 04 RUENAAA0201 UNCLAS
LETTER NOTATION AFTER THE TABLE OF CONTENTS, ARTICLES 0701, 0807,
1030, 1053, 1071, 1074, 1271 AND THE GLOSSARY OF REF A, "SEE ALNAV
XXX/02" AND FILE THIS ALNAV IN FRONT OF REF A.
12. THIS INTERIM CHANGE WILL BE INCORPORATED INTO THE NEXT PRINTED
REVISION OF REF A.
13. RELEASED BY THE HONORABLE GORDON R. ENGLAND, SECRETARY OF THE
NAVY.//
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ALNAV 007/01

MSGID/GENADMIN/SECNAV//

SUBJ/U.S. NAVY REGULATIONS, 1990, INTERIM CHANGE//

REF/A/DOC/SECNAV/16SEP1990//

AMPN/REF A IS U.S. NAVY REGULATIONS, 1990.//
POC/C. N. MORIN/CDR, JAGC/CNO (N09BL)/LOC:2000 NAVY PENTAGON
/TEL:703-695-3480//

RMKS/1. PENDING FORMAL AMENDMENT TO REF A, THIS INTERIM CHANGE
REVISES ARTICLES 0405, 0505, 1289 AND 1290 OF REF A. THIS INTERIM
CHANGE IS EFFECTIVE ON THE DATE TIME GROUP OF THIS ALNAV.

2. PARAGRAPH 3 OF ARTICLE 0405 OF REF A IS AMENDED BY ADDING THE
FOLLOWING NEW SUBPARAGRAPH:
    J. TO EXERCISE AUTHORITY FOR INTELLIGENCE WITHIN THE NAVY.

3. SUBPARAGRAPH 4.C. OF ARTICLE 0405 OF REF A IS AMENDED TO READ AS
FOLLOWS:
    C. MATTERS ESSENTIAL TO NAVAL MILITARY ADMINISTRATION, SUCH AS:
      (1) SECURITY
       (2) DISCIPLINE
       (3) COMMUNICATIONS; AND
       (4) MATTERS RELATED TO THE CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS OF THE
NAVAL SERVICE.

4. SUBPARAGRAPH 2.E. OF ARTICLE 0505 OF REF A IS REDESIGNATED AS
SUBPARAGRAPH 2.F. AND A NEW SUBPARAGRAPH 2.E. IS ADDED TO READ AS
FOLLOWS:
    E. TO EXERCISE AUTHORITY FOR INTELLIGENCE WITHIN THE MARINE
CORPS.

5. PARAGRAPH 2 OF ARTICLE 1289 OF REF A IS AMENDED TO READ AS
FOLLOWS:
    2. THERE SHALL BE SIX PALLBEARERS AND SIX BODYBEARERS. THE
PALLBEARERS SHALL, IF PRACTICABLE, BE OF THE SAME GRADE OR RATING AS
THE DECEASED. IF A SUFFICIENT NUMBER OF FOREIGN OFFICERS OF
APPROPRIATE GRADE ATTEND THE FUNERAL, THEY MAY BE INVITED TO SERVE
AS ADDITIONAL PALLBEARERS. PALLBEARERS AND BODYBEARERS SHALL FOLLOW
THE PROCEDURE PRESCRIBED IN THE MARINE CORPS DRILL AND CEREMONIES
MANUAL (NAVMC 2691).
6. PARAGRAPH 4 OF ARTICLE 1289 OF REF A IS AMENDED TO READ AS
FOLLOWS:
    4. BOATS TAKING PART IN A FUNERAL PROCESSION SHALL DISPLAY THE
NATIONAL ENSIGN AT HALF-MAST. IF THE DECEASED WAS A FLAG OR GENERAL
OFFICER, OR AT THE TIME OF DEATH A UNIT COMMANDER, OR A COMMANDING
OFFICER OF A SHIP, HIS OR HER FLAG OR COMMAND PENNANT, OR A
COMMISSION PENNANT, SHALL BE DRAPED IN MOURNING AND DISPLAYED AT
HALF-MAST FROM A STAFF IN THE BOW OF THE BOAT CARRYING THE BODY. A
FUNERAL PROCESSION OF BOATS SHALL, IN GENERAL, BE FORMED IN THE
ORDER PRESCRIBED IN THE MARINE CORPS DRILL AND CEREMONIES MANUAL
(NAVMC 2691).

7. PARAGRAPH 1 OF ARTICLE 1290 OF REF A IS AMENDED TO READ AS
FOLLOWS:
    1. AN ESCORT UNDER ARMS SHALL, WHEN PRACTICABLE, ACCOMPANY THE
FUNERAL CORTEGE TO THE PLACE OF INTERMENT, AND SHALL FOLLOW THE
PROCEDURE PRESCRIBED IN THE MARINE CORPS DRILL AND CEREMONIES MANUAL
(NAVMC 2691).

8. IN LIEU OF ENTERING THIS INTERIM CHANGE IN REF A, MAKE A BOLD
LETTER NOTATION AFTER ARTICLES 0405, 0505, 1289 AND 1290 OF REF A,
"SEE ALNAV 007/01" AND FILE THIS ALNAV IN FRONT OF REF A.

9. THIS INTERIM CHANGE WILL BE INCORPORATED INTO THE NEXT PRINTED
REVISION OF REF A.

10. RELEASED BY THE HONORABLE ROBERT B. PIRIE, JR., SECRETARY OF
THE NAVY, ACTING.//

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                                                             TABLE        OF CONTENTS

1’   Chapter     1- Statutory Authority for United States Navy Regulation
                            Articles 0101- 0107 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
     Chapter 2- The Department           of the Navy
                            Articles 0201-0204     ............................ ......                                       .                . .       5-8
     Chapter 3- The Secretary         of the Navy
            Ssction 1- The Secretary of the Navy:
                           Articles 0301-0307        ..... ............... ..............                                               . .          11-12
            Section 2- The 13fllce of the Secretary of the Navy:
                           Articles 0310-0312        ............. .................. ....                                       .                   13.14
                    Subsection A - The Civilian Executive Assistants:
                           Articles 0320-0327        . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-16
                    Subsection B - The Staff Assistants:
                           Articles 0330-0337        .................... ............. ... .                                               .        17-19
     Chapter 4- The Chief of Naval Operations:
                           Articles 0401-0406        ......... ................. ... .......                                                   .    23-26
     Chapter 5- The Commandant             of the Marine Corps:
                           Articles 0501-0505        ...         .......................... .                                    ..         . .      29-31
     Chapter 6- The United States Coast Guard (When Operating                                     as a Service in the Navyk
                           Articles 0601-0603        .................... .. ....... .. .....                                        ... ..         35-36
     Chapter 7- Commmders            in Chief and Other Commanders:
            ssction 1- Titles and Duties of Commanders:
                           Articles 0701-0706        .............................. ......                                               . . . 39-40
           Section 2- .%ffs of Commanders:
                           Articles 0710-0711        . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41-42
            ssction 3- Administration and Discipline:
                           Articles 0720-0723       ...... ........................ .. ..                                      .           .        43-44
     Chapter 8- The Commanding            Officec
           Section 1- Commanding Officers in General:
                           Articles 0801-0835       ...................... ....... .......                                             . .          47-56
           Section 2- Commanding Ofticers Afloat
                           Articles 0840-0860       . ...... ....... ... .............                                                     .        57-62
           section 3- Special Circumstances:
                    Subsection A - Ships in Naval Stations and Shipyards:
                           Articles 0870-0874       ................... ............. ....                                               ...        63-&1
                    Subsection B - Prospective Commanding Officerx
                           Articles 0880-0683       ............. ................ .... .                                              . .          65-66
     Chapter 9- The Senior Officer Presenti
                           Articles 0901-0939       ................... ... ...... ......                                          . ...            69-76
     Chapter 10- Precedence,         Authority and Commend:
           Section 1- Precedence:
                           Articles 1001-1010       . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79-81
           Section 2- Authority:
                           Articles 1020-1039       ............................... .. .                                                  ...       83-86
           Section 3- Detail to Duty:
                           Articles 1050-1064       ...         ... ..... .... ..........                                                ...        87-89
           Section 4- Succession to Command:
                           Ac-ticles 1070-1088      ............. .....................                                             .....           91-95
     Chapter 11- Generaf Regulations:
           Section 1- Administration of Dkcipli”e:
                           Articles 1101 -1108     ............. .................. ...                                                   ..       99-100
           Section 2- Standards of Conduct:
                           Articles 1110- 1116 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101-102



                                                                                                                                                          i
               Section 3- Off]cial Records:
                            Articles 1120- 1129 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                                                  103-105
           Section 4- Duties of Individuals
                                  Articles 1130- 1145 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                            . 107-109
           Section 5- Rights and Restrictions
                                  Articles 1150- 1166...........,..                                                                                                  111-114
    Chapter 12- Flags. Pennrmta, Honors, Ceremonies                                                and Customs:
           Section 1- General
                                  Articles 1201-1203                     ....... .. .... .. ... ............. . .                                                          117
           Section 2- Honors to National Anthems and Natiomd Ensigns:
                                  Articles 1204-1208                     ..... .............................                                                         119-121
           Section 3- Hand Salutes and Other Marks of Raspect
                                  Articles 1209-1211                     ..... ... ..... ............ .                                    .                         123-124
           Saction 4- Gun Salutes:
                                  Art.icles 1212-1226                    ..................................                                                          125-129
           Section 5- Passing Honors
                                  Articles 1227-1233                     ..... ............. ................                                                        131-132
           Section 6- Official Visits and Calls
                                  Articles 1234-1251                     ..................................                                                          134-137
           Section 7- Formal Occasions Other Than O~lcial Visits
                                  Articles 1252-1257                       ..... ... ..... . ....... .                                   . . . . . . . . . . . 139-140
           saction 8- Display of Flags and Pennants
                                  Articles 125 Ei-1280 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                         ........ ...                    ... ...                . 141-147
           Section 9- Special Ceremonies, Annivenaries                                        and Solemnities:
                                  Articles 1281-1286                     .... ... .... .... . . ...........                                                          149-150
           %ction 10- Deaths and Funerals:
                                  Articles 1287 -1294 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151-153
    Tables     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..155-170
    Glossary       . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...171-176
    Index    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...177-203




I
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                   Chapter 1


       STATUTORY    AUTHORITY   FOR
    UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS




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I
                                                                       Chapter 1

                     STATUTORY AUTHORITY FOR
                  UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS

                                                                        Contents
                                                                     Article                                                                                A-
    OriginandHistoryofl-lnited                                                 Swutnry Autlwizy forPreu+ci.m
       Saste.sNwyl Lagukions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0101        .roth.rilegllbtims   . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0104
    Staluwy Authorityfor Issuance                                              Isiuanceof Oirecthesby
       of Utiwd Statts Nevy lfegulntions ., .,                        0102        OLkrOftiirsand OOicinls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           010S
    PurposeandEffectof United                                                                          S
                                                                               C.mtrolof Admini.ure.tive equiran-                   .... ... .. . .          010s
       StatesNavyif.egulaticms                                        0103     fAtintirmueof Navy&guhioms                ....... ..... .. . . .              0107




0101.    Origin and History               of United States                     that ‘United States Navy Regulations       shall be
         Navy Regu Iations.                                                    issued by the Secretary of the Navy with the
                                                                               approval of the President.” In 1S81. this -vision
1. United States Navy Regulations began with the
                                                                               wss amendsd to eliminate     the requirement      for
enactment by the Continental       Congress of the
                                                                               presidential approval.
“Rules for the Regulation      of the Navy of the
United Colonies’” on November 28, 1775. The first                              4. While leaving     this provision    unaffected.
issuance by the United Stotes Government which                                 Congress enacted the Coldwa&-Nichols         Depart-
covered this subject matter was “An Act {or the                                ment of Defense RsOrganization Act of 1S86 (Pub-
Government QCthe Navy of the United States”,                                   fiC kW 99443), which grant,sd each of the service
enacted on March 2, 1799, This was followed the                                secretaries the authority to p~         regulations
next year by ‘“An Act for the Better Government of                             ta carry out his or her statutov fuoctions, powers
the ]Navy of Lhe United Slates,”                                               and duties.

2. In the years preceding the Civil War, twelve
                                                                               0102.       statutory Authority for kSUEllCt3 Of
successor publications were promulgated under a
                                                                                           United States Navy Regulations
number of titles by the President,        the Navy
Department and the Secretary of the Navy. A
                                                                               Title 10, United Statea Code. Section         6011,
decision by the Attorney General that the last of
                                                                               provides that United States N-avy Regulations
the pre-Civil War issuances was invalid led lm the
                                                                               shall be issued by the Secretary of the Navy.
inclusion in the 1862 naval appropriations bill ofa
                                                                               Regulations   issued under this authority        are
provision    that ‘the orders,   regulations,   and
                                                                               permanent regulations of general applicability,   as
instructions heretofore issued by the Sscretsry of
                                                                               OPPJssd to regulations                   issusd       by the Seo-etav
the Navy be, and they are hereby, recognized as
                                                                               under Article o1o4.
the regulations of the Navy Department, subject,
however, to such alterations as the Secretary of
                                                                               0103.       Purpose end Effect                   of United Sta-
the Navy may adopt, with the approbation of the
                                                                                           Navy Regulation%
President of the United Ststes.”

3. Thirteen editions of Navy Regulations       were                            United States Navy Regulatio=      is the pt-inci&l
published in accordance with this authority (later                             regulatory document of the Department          of the
codified   as Section  1547, Revised     Statutes)                             Navy, endowed with the sanciion of law. as ti
between 1865 and 1948. The 1973 edition of Navy                                duly, responsibility, authority,  distinctions    and
Regulations was published under authority of 10                                relationships of various commands, ofticials      and
United States Code [U. S, C.) 6011, which provided                             individuals.   Other directives ‘ksued within the




                                                                                                                                                                 3
                STATUTORY       AUTHORITY          FOR UNITED    STATES     NAVY    REGULATIONS



    Department of the Navy shall not conffict with,           following
    altsr or amend any provision of Navy Regulations.
                                                                 a. reduction of directives    by cancellation   or
                                                              consolidation; or
    0104.   Statutory Authority       for Prescription   of
            Other Regulations.                                   b. reduction of reporting     requirements    by
                                                              elimination   of the report,    reduction    in the
    The Secretary    of the Navy may prescribe                frequency of the repert, or combination with other
    regulations to carry out his or her functions,            reports.
    powers and duties under Title 10, United States
                                                              3. When issuance of a directive or a tasking will
    Code.
                                                              result in imposition of additional administrative
                                                              requirements on commands not within the chain
I   010S.   Issuance of Directives      by Other
                                                              of command o{ the issuing authority,     the first
            Officers and Officials.
                                                              common superior of the commands affected by the
                                                              requirement must concur in the issuance.
    Responsible      officers  and officials of the
    Department of the Navy may issue, or cause LObe           0107.   Maintenance     of Navy Regulations.
    issued, directives concerning mattem over which
                                                              1. The Chief of Naval Operations is responsible for
    Lhey exercise command, control or supervision,
                                                              maintaining Navy f@ulaLiOns,        and for ensuring
    which do not conflict with, alter or amend these
                                                              Lhat Navy Regulations conforms        to the current
    regulations.
                                                              needs of the Department or the Navy. When any
                                                              person in the Department of the Navy deems it
    010S.   Control   of Administrative      Req UU*
                                                              advisable   that additions,  changes or deletions
            menL5.
                                                              should be made la Navy Regulations,         he or she
                                                              shall forward a draft of the proposed addition,
    1. Directives will be issued with due regard for the
                                                              change or deletion, with a statement of the reasons
    imposition of workload resulting therefrom and
                                                              tberefor, to the Chief of Naval Operations via the
    benefits or advantages to be gained. issuance of
                                                              chain of command. The Chief of Naval Operations
    new directives    wili be in a~cordance with tbe
                                                              shall endeavor to obtain the concurrence        of the
    following
                                                              Commandant      of the Marine Corps, the Judge
       a. Directives  which implement     or amplify          Advocate General, and other appropriate offices
    directives fmm higher auLhority will not be issued        and commands.      Unresolved    issues concerning
    unle~ absolutely essential.                               such additions, changes or deletions         shall be
                                                              forwarded    to the Secretary     of tbe Navy for
       b. Administrative  reporting requirements will
                                                              aPpmPriate action.     Any additions,     changes or
    not be imposed unless the expected value of the
                                                              deletions b the U. S. Navy Regulations must be
    information ta be gained is signf!cantly  grea@r
                                                              approved by the Sscretary of the Navy.
    than the cumulative burden imposed.
                                                              2. Changes to Navy Regulations will be numbered
    2. Each oflicsr or ofllcial issuing a directive or        consecutively   and issued    as page changes.
    imposing       a reporting      requirement     will      Advance changes may be used when required;
    periodkally,    in accordance with instructions b be      these will be numbered       consecutively    and
    issued by appropriate       authority,  review such       incorporated   in page changes       at frequent
    directive    or report with a view toward        the      intervals.




I   4
          Chapter 2

THE DEPARTMENT    OF THE NAVY




                                5
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1!




I    6
                                                                      Chapter 2

                          THE DEPARTMENT                                               OF THE NAVY

                                                                      Contents

                                                                    Amid.                                                                                              Amide
    OriginandAuthoritycfthe                                                  C-3mp0siti0.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   0202
                  heNavy
       Departmentoft                                                 0201    The Rincipsl Eknmmnof the
    Missionof the                                                               OqmtmmtoftheNavy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       0204
       OePUne”LOfLheN wy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0202




0201.    Origin and Authority of the                                        operational chain of command, the Act provided
         Department  of the Navy.                                           detailed statements of the roles of the Secretary of
                                                                            the Navy, the Chief of Naval Operations,         the
 1. The naval alTairs of the country began with the
                                                                            Commandant      of the Marine Corps, and their
war for independence, the Americsn Revolution.
                                                                            respective principsl assistants.
On 13 October 1775, Congress paased legislation
forming a committee      to purchase and arm two                            4. The responsibilities     and authority      of the
ships. This, in effect, created the Continental                             Department      of the Navy are vested         in the
Navy, Two battalions of Marines were authorized                             Secretary    of the Navy,      and are subject        to
on 10 November 1775. Under the Constitution,                                reassignment and delegation         by the Secretary.
the First Congress on 7 August 1789 assigned                                The Secretary is bound by the provisions of law,
responsibility  for the conduct of naval affairs to                         the direction of the President and the SecretirY of
the War Department..        On 30 April 1798, the                           Defense and, along with, all persons in charge of
Congress eswbl ished a separate Departinent of                              Government agencies, the regulations of certain
the Navy with the Secretary of the Navy as its                              nondefense agencies addressing their respective
chief oflicer, On 11 July 1798, the United States                           areas of functional responsibility.
Marine Corps was established         as a separate
service, and in 1834 was made a part of the                                 0202.         Mission           of the Department                         of the Navy.
Department of the Navy.
                                                                             1. The Navy, witbin the Dspsrtment of the Navy,
2. The National Security Act of 1947, as amended,
                                                                            shall be organized,      trained,  and equipped
is the fundamental law governing the position of
                                                                            primarily    for prompt and sustsined      combat
the Department of the Navy in the organizsticm
                                                                            incident @ operations at sea. lt is responsible for
for national   defense.   In 1949, the Act was
                                                                            the preparation of naval forces necessary for the
amended to establish the Department of Defense
                                                                            effective prosecution of war except as otherwise
as an Executive Department, and ta establish the
                                                                            wsigned, and, in accordance with integrst.ed joint
Departments of the Army, Navy and Air Force
                                                                            mobilization    plans, for the expansion     of the
(formerly established as Executive Departments
                                                                            peacetime components of the Navy ta meet the
by the 1947 Act) as militsry departments within
                                                                            needs of war.
the Department of De fem.e.

3. The Goldwater-Nichols     Department of Defense                           2. The Navy shall develop aircraft,      weapons,
Reorganization    Act of 1986 further defined the                            tactics, technique, organization and equipment of
roles of the military departments       within the                           naval combst a“d service elements.     Matters of
Department       of Defense,      in addition    to                         joint concern     as to these functions   shall  be
establishing   the office of Vice Chairman of the                           coordinated between the Army, the Air Force and
Joint Chiefs of Staff, and further emphasizing the                           the Navy,




                                                        —
                 STATUTORY         AUTHORITY       FOR UNITED    STArES      NAVY   REGUL.4TIONS



    3. The Marine Corps, within the Department of               c.    the Headquarters,   Marine Corp&
    the Navy, shall be organized,          trained,   and
                                                                 d. the entire operaling forces, including naval
    equipped     to provide    fleet  marine    Corces of
                                                              aviation, of the Navy and of the Marine Corps, and
I   combined     arms, together with supporting        air
                                                              the reserve components of those operating forces;
    components,     for service with the fleet in the
    seizure or defense of advanced naval bases and for           e. all field activities,    headquarters,  forces,
    the conduct oi such land operations        as may be      bases, installations, activities and functions under
    essential to the prosecution 0{ a naval campaign.         the control or supervision of the Secretary of Lhe
    in addition,    the Marine Corps shall provide            Navy; and
    detachments     and organizations    for service on
                                                                 f. the Coast Guard when it is operating      as a
    armed vessels of the Navy, shall provide security
                                                              service in the Navy
    detachmen~ for the protection o{ naval property at
    naval stations and bases, and shall perform such
                                                              0204.    The Principal   Elemenk    of tbe
    other    duties   as the President      may direct.
                                                                       Department    of the Navy.
    However, these additional duties may not detract
    from or interfere with the operations for which the       1. The Department of the Navy consists of three
    Marine Corps is primarily organized.                      elemen~. the Navy Department,     the Operating
                                                              Forces of the Navy and the Marine Corps, and the
I
    4. The    Marine    Corps   shall    develop,   in        Shore Establishment.
    coordination with the Army and the Air Force,
                                                              2. The Navy Department       refers to the central
    those phases of amphibious        operations  that
                                                              executive off]ces of the Department of the Navy
    pertain to the tactics, Lechnique and equipment
                                                              located at the seat of Government.        The Navy
    used by landing forces.
                                                              Department is organizationally     comprised of the
    5. The Marine Corps is responsible, in accordance         Office of the Secretary of the Navy, the Oflice of
    with integrated joint mobilization plans, for the         the Chief     of Naval   Operations,       and the
    expansion of peacetime components of the Marine           Headquarters,    Marine Corps.     in addition, the
    Corps to meet the needs of war.                           Headquarters, Coast Guard, is included when the
                                                              Coast Guard is operating as a service in the Navy.
    0203.     Composition.
                                                              3. The operating     forces of the Navy and Lhe
    1. The Department      of the Navy is separately          Marine Corps comprise the several fleets, sea-
    organized under the Secretary of the Navy.        1t      going forces, Fleet Marine Forces, other assigned
    operates under the authority, direction and control       Marine    Corps   Forces,   the Military  Sealift
    of the Secretary of Defense.                              Command and other forces and activities that may
                                                              be assigned    thereto by the President    or the
    2. The Department        of the Navy is composed of the
                                                              secretary of the Nav y.
    following
                                                              4. Tbe shore es~blishment    is comprised of shore
        a.   the OfTice of the Secretary of the Navy;
                                                              activities with defined missions     approved   for
        b.   the OffIce of the Chief of Naval Operations;     establishment by the Secretary of the Navy.




    8
                                  Chapter 3

                THE SECRETARY             OF THE NAVY
    Section   1. The Secretary of the Navy
    Section 2. The OffIce of the Secretary of the Navy
     Subsection A. The Civilian Executive Assistants
     Subsection B. The Staff Assistants




I


                                                         9
(Page intentionally   left blank)
                                                                                      Chapter 3

                                 THE SECRETARY                                                    OF THE NAVY
                                             Section 1. The Secretary of the Navy


                                                                                       Contents

                                                                                    Artic&                                                                          Artic&
                 la
Responsibilities theSecretaryof De[en.w                                              0301     &cOmmendmimsmC  agress..    .. .. ... .... ..... ...                   0304
                 W
F&sp.msibilities ithintie                                                                     AssigmmntofFun4xu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0305
  Depr,timtofthe Nnvy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                          0302     ksismlmltofoutymldntks        .         . . .. .                       030s
SUcceuion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0303     P.wem Wi&&pmtwtie&t             Gurd . . . . . . . . . . . .           0301




0301.          Responsibilities                     to the Secretary                  of       plans, programs and policies of the Department
               Defense.                                                                        of Defeose,

The Secretary of the Navy is responsible                                             to the       g. the effective supervision and mntrol of the
Secretiry of Defense foc                                                                       intelligence activities of the Department of the
                                                                                               Nav~ and
  a. the functioning    and                                 efficiency              of the
                                                                                                 h. such other activities as msy be prescribed
Department of the Navy;
                                                                                               by law or by the President     or Secretary    of
   b. the formulation of policies and programs                                                 Defense.
by the Department of the Navy that are fully
consistent with national security objectives and                                               0302.       Responsibilities Within tbe
policies established  by the President     or the                                                          Department of the Navy.
Secretary of Defense;
                                                                                               The secrebry    is the head of the Department of
   c. the effective and timely implementation                                                  the Navy. The Secretsry is responsible for, and
of policy, program and budget decisions and                                                    has the authority     necessary  to conduct,   all
instructions of the President or the secretary of                                              affairs of the Department of the Navy, including
Defense     relating  to the functions     of the                                              the following functions:
Department of the Navfi
                                                                                                   a.    recruiting,
   d, carrying    out the functions     of the
                                                                                                   b.    organizing,
Department of the Navy so as to fulfill (COthe
maximum extent practicable) tbe current and                                                        c.    supplying,
future operational requirements of the unified
                                                                                                 d. equipping                (including            research          and
and specified combatant commands,
                                                                                               development);
    e. effective cooperation   and coordination
                                                                                                   e.    trsining,
between the Department of the Navy and the
other military departments and agencies of the                                                     f.    servicing,
Department       of Defense to provide  for more
                                                                                                   g.     mobilizing,
effective,   efficient and economical   adminis-
tration and to eliminate duplication;                                                              h.    demobilizin~

   f. the presentation and justification of the                                                  i. administering     (including                   the morale        and
position of the Department of the Navy on the                                                  welfare of personnel);




                                                                                                                                                                      11
                                                                                                                                                                             —
                                    THE SECRETARY       OF THE NAVY



     j.   maintaining.                                  0305.   Assign ment of Functions.

   k. the construction, ouuitting       and repair of
                                                        The Secretary of the Navy may assign such
military equipmen~ and
                                                        functions,   powers, and duties as he or she
   1. the construction, maintenance and repair          considers appropriate to the U rider Semetar y of
of buildings,    and interests in real property         the Navy and to the Assistant Secretaries of the
necessary     to carry out the responsibilities         Navy.    Officers of the Navy and the Marine
specit3ed in this article.                              Corps shall, as directed by the Secre@ry, report
                                                        on any matter to the Secretary,       the Under
0303.      Succession.
                                                        Ssmetary or any Assistant Secretary.
If the Secretary of the Navy dies, resigns, is
removsd from ofilce, is absent or is disablsd, the      030S.   Assignment    of Duty snd TitJes.
person who is highest on the following list, and
who is not absent or disablsd, shall perform the        The Secrebmy of the Navy may
duties of tbe Secretary       until the President
                                                           s. assign, detail and prescribe the duties of
directs another person to perform those duties or
                                                        members of the Navy and Marine Corps and
until the absence or disability ceases
                                                        civilian personnel of the Department     of the
     a.   the Under Secretary of the Navy;              Navy; and

   b. the Assistant Secretaries of the Navy, in            b. change the title of any o~icer or activity of
the order prescribed  by the Secretary of the           the Department of the Navy not prescribed by
Navy and approved by the Sscre@ry of Defens~            law.

     c.   the Chief of Naval Operation&
                                                        0307.   Powers   With Respect    to the Cosst
     d.   the Commandant     of the Marine Corps.               Guard.

0304.      Recommendations       to Congress.
                                                        Whenever the Coast Guard operates as a service
Aftsr first informing the Secretary of Defense,         in the Navy under Section 3 of Title 14, United
the Secretary    of tbe Navy may make such              States Code, the Secretary of the Navy has the
recommendations     to Congress relating to the         same powers and duties with respect to the
Department of Defense as he or she considers            Coast Guard as the Secretary of Transportation
appropriate.                                            has when the Coast Guard is not so operating.




12
                                                                                    Chapter 3

                                THE SECRETARY                                                   OF THE NAVY
                         Section 2. The Office of the Secretary of the Navy


                                                                                    Contents
                                                                                 Article                                                                 Article
           ..
COmpO.sition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0310      AuthorityOverOrganizationalMatters . . . . . . . . . . . .    0312
SOleF&qOnsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             0311




0310.            Composition.                                                                      (8) such other officers and oficials as may
                                                                                             be established by law or as the Secretary of the
The function of the Wlce of the Sacretary of                                          the
                                                                                             Navy may establish or designate.
Navy is to assist the Sacretary in carrying                                          out
his or her responsibilities.  The OffIce of                                          the
                                                                                             0311.     Sole Responsibilities.
Secretary   of the Navy is composed      of                                          tbe
following                                                                                    1. The Off!ce of the Secretary of the Navy shall
                                                                                             have sole responsibility within the Office of the
    a.      the Civilian Executive                      Assistan&
                                                                                             Secretary of the Navy, the C)fk of the Chief of
         (1) the Under Secretary of the NavM                                                 Naval Operations       and the Headquarters,
                                                                                             Marine Corps, for the following functions:
      [21 the Assistant Secretary                                   of the Navy
(Financial Management);                                                                         a.   acquisition;

     (3) the Assistant Secretary                                    of the Navy                 b.   auditing,
(Manpower and Reserve Affairs);
                                                                                              c. comptroller          (including     financial     manage-
      (4) the Assistant Secretary of the Navy                                               ment);
(Research, Development and Acquisition);
                                                                                                d.   information      management
      (5) the Assistant  Secretary of the Navy
                                                                                                e.   inapectar general;
(Installations and Environment); and
                                                                                                f.   legislative    afTairs:
      (6) the General Counsel of the Department
of the !Navy.                                                                                   g.   public tiairs;

   b.      The Staff Assistants                                                                h. research and development,       except                   for
                                                                                            military requirements and operational test                    and
         (1) the Judge                 Advocate              General             of the
                                                                                            evaluation, which are the respomibilities   of                the
Navy;
                                                                                            OffIce of the Chief of Naval OpenXions and                    the
         (2) the Naval inspector Oeneral;                                                   Headquarters Marine Corps.

         (3) the Chief of Naval Research,                                                   2. The following oflices within the OffIce of the
                                                                                            Secretary of the Navy are designated ta conduct
         (4) the Chief of information;
                                                                                            the functions spacfled in paragrsph 1. No 051ce
         (5) the Chief of Legislative                         Affairs;                      or other entity may be establisbsd or designated
                                                                                            within    the Office   of the Chief of Naval
         (6) the Auditor General oftbe Navx
                                                                                            Operations or the Headquarters, Marine Corps,
     (7) the Director,                           Office           of     Program            to conduct any of the functions specified       in
Appraisal; and                                                                              paragraph 1, except as noted in subparagraph h.




                                                                                                                                                           13
                                    THE SECRETARY          OF THE NAVY



    a. The Assistant       Secretary     of the Navy             (1) to the Ch]ef of Naval Operations and
(Resaarch, Development and Aq.isition)            is the   the 0f3ice of the Chief of Naval Operatiou and
Aqtiltion     Executive for the Department of the
                                                                (2) b the Commandant      of the Marine
Navy.     The Assistant     Secretary of the Navy
                                                           Corps and the Headquarters, Marine Corps and
(Research, Development and Acquisition) (ASN
(RD&A))       is responsible         for    research,         b. Ensure that each such olllce or entity
development and acquisition, except for military           provides the Chief of Naval Operations and the
requirements         and operational         test and      Commandant of the Marine Corps such staff
evaluation, which remain functions of the Office           s.up~rt as the Chief of Naval Operations and the
of the Chief        of Naval      Operations        and    Commandant        of the Marine Corps consider
Headquarters       Marine Corps.       in addition 10      necessary LOfxxform their respective duties and
Acquisition Executive, ASN (RD&A) is also the              responsibilities.
Navy Senior Procurement Executive and Senior
                                                           4. The vesting in the Office of the Secretary of
Department of the Navy information Resource
                                                           the Navy of the responsibility for the conduct of
Management Official.        Respcmsihilities include
                                                           a function specified in paragraph       1 does not
developing acqu&ltion policy and procedures for
                                                           preclude other elements of the Department         of
all Department          of the Navy         research,
                                                           the Navy (including the ORice of the Chief of
development,       production,    shipbuilding      and
                                                           Naval Operations        and the Headquarters,
production/logistics       support programs;         and
                                                           Marine    Corps)    from providing      advice    or
 Department        of the Navy        international
                                                           assistance ta the Chief of Naval Operations and
 technolo~   transfer.
                                                           tbe Commandant         of the Marine Corps,       or
                                                           otherwise participating in that function within
   b. The Auditor General is responsible for the
                                                           the executive part of the Department under the
internal auditing function tvithin the Depart-
                                                           direction of the office as-signed responsibility for
ment of the Navy.
                                                           that function in the 0f31ce of the Secrehry or the
   c. The Assistant     Secretary    of the Navy           Navy.
(Financial    Management)      is responsible     for
                                                           0312     Authority   Over Organizational
comptrollership,        including       financial
                                                                    Matters.
management,      within the Department        of the
Navy.                                                      Subject to tbe approval     or guidance     of tbe
                                                           Secretary of the Navy, the Civilian Executive
   d. The Naval inspect.or General is respon-
                                                           Assistants, the Chief of Naval Operations, the
sible for the inspector general function within
                                                           Commandant of the Marine Corps and the Staff
the Department of the Navy.
                                                           Assistants   are individually     authorized     to
   e. The Chief of Legislative Affaimi is respon-          organize, assign and reassign responsibilities
sible for legislative affairs witiln the Depart-           witkin their respective   commands or offices,
ment of the Navy.                                          including   the establishment     and diaestab-
                                                           Iishment of such component     organizations    as
  f. The Chief of Information is responsible for
                                                           may be necessary, subject tn the following
public affairs within the Department      of the
Navy.                                                         a. The authority to disestablish may not be
                                                           exercised with respect to any organizational
3. The Secretary shall:                                    component of the Department       established by
                                                           law.
   a. Prescribe the relationship of each ofiice or
other entity esbblished     or designated   under             b.   The Secretary   retains   the authority    to
paragraph Z                                                aPPrOve the establishment    and dise~mblishment
                                                           of shore activities.




 14
                                                                  Chapter 3

                         THE SECRETARY                                       OF THE NAVY
                   Section 2. The Offke of the Secretary of the Navy
                    Subsection A. The Civilian Executive Assistants


                                                                   Contents

                                                                Allich                                                                  Amide

Tbe Civilian Executive~IXS          .. .... .... ... .           0320    ‘l% kaismnt &aeIJWYof tie Navy
Tbe UnderSecmtmyoftheN    avy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     0321       (Msnp3werandReserveA17air61 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                                                                                         .                               0324
kaisant titaries    of the Naw                                           ‘k &simarItSecretaryof the Navy
   StalutaryAutborimLkm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0322                  imnment)
                                                                            @asaUmiomaandEnv             ... ..... .... .. ..            0225
ne A6sistantSecretaryof the Navy                                         l-heAc&lc,m %cretaly OrtheNavy
              asementl
   [FinmuialMan             . .... ... ..... .... .. .           0323                            a
                                                                            (Rmeucb. OevehWment nd Acquisition) . . . . .                0326
                                                                         TheCeneml Cuumelofthe Navy      . . ..... .... . ..             0321




0320. The Civilian             Executive        Assistants.               Sscre&ry in the general management        of the
                                                                          Department     of the Navy and supervision     of
1. The Civilian Executive Assistants, as iden-
                                                                          oK&ces, organizations and functions ss sasigned
titlsd in Article 0310, are assigned department-
                                                                          by the Secretary.
wide responsibilities   essentia I to the effmient
administration of the Department of the Navy.
                                                                          0222.      Assistant      sacretsries    of the Na~,
2. Each Civilian Executive Assistint, within his                                     Statutory      Authorization.
or her assigned area of responsibility,    is the
                                                                          There are       four Assistant Secretaries    of the
principal civilian advisor and assistant & the
                                                                          Navy. The        Assistant Secretaries shall perform
.%crebwy on the administration of the affsirs of
                                                                          such duties       and exercise such powers as the
the Department     of the Navy.    The Civilian
                                                                          Secretary        of the Navy may prescribe          in
Executive Assistants carry out their duties with
                                                                          acwrdancs       with law.
the professional assistance of the Ofiice of the
Chief of Naval Operations and Headquarters,
                                                                          0322.      The Assistant secretsry              of the Navy
Marine Corps, as presided over by the Chief of
                                                                                     (Fiaancisl  Management).
Naval Operations      and Commandant      of the
Marine Corps, respectively.                                               The Assistant Ssmstary of the Navy (Financial
                                                                          Management) is the Camptmller of the Navy,
3. The Civilian     Executive    Assistants    are
                                                                          and is responsible for all mattem rslated to the
authorized and directed tu act for the SscreInry
                                                                          fmncial   management of the Ospartment-af the
within their assigned areas of responsibility.
                                                                          Navy, including

0321.      The Under Secretnry                 of the Navy.
                                                                              a.   budgeting;
1. The Under Secretary     of the Navy shall
                                                                              b.   accounting,
psrform such duties and exercise such powers as
the %cretary of the Navy shall prescribe.                                     c.   disbursing

2. The Under     Secretary   of the Navy is                                   d.   financing
designated as the deputy and principal assistant
                                                                              e.   in~rnal     review;
to the Secretary    of the Navy. The Under
Secretary  acts with full authority      of the                               f.   progress and statistical          repo~,        and




                                                                                                                                          15
                                    THE SECRETARY         OF THE NAVY



   g. superviskmofoKl
                   cesandor ganizationsas                 0326.   The Assistant      Secretsry         of the Navy
assigned by the Secretary of the Navy.                            (Research,    Development             and
                                                                  Acquisition).
0324.    The Assistant Secretary of the Navy
                                                          1. The Assistant     Secretary   of the Navy
         (Manpower    and Reserve Affairs).
                                                          (Research,   Development    and Acquisition) is
The Assistant Secretary of the Navy (.Manpower            responsible for
and Reserve ALTairs) is responsible for
                                                             a. research, development      and acquisition,
   a. the overall supervision of manpower and             except    for military     requirements        and
reserve component affairs of the Department of            operational test and evsduaLion;
the Navy, including policy and administration of
                                                             b. direct       management          of     acquisition
affairs related to military (active and inactive)
                                                          programs;
and civilian personnel; and
                                                             c. sII aspects of the acquisition                process
   b. supervi40n of ofices and organizations as           within the Department of the Navy;
assigned by the Secretary, specitkdly the Naval
                                                             d. all acquisition        policy,     including
Council of Personnel Boards and the Board for
                                                          technology     base and advanced        technology
Correction of Naval Records.
                                                          development,       procurement,      competition,
                                                          contracta and business management,          logistics,
0325.    The Assistant    Secretary of the Navy
                                                          product intsgrity, and education and training of
         (Installations   and Environment).
                                                          the acquisition workforce.
1. The AssisLant    Secre Lary         of the Navy
(Installations and Environment)        is responsible     0327.   The General      Counsel   of tbe Navy.
for
                                                          1. The General Counsel is head of the O~lce of
   a. policy relating    to Navy installations,
                                                          the General Counsel and is responsible     for
facilities, environment, safeLy, shore resources
                                                          providing legal advice, counsel and guidance
management and quality improvemen~
                                                          within the Department    of the Navy on the
   b. development,        implementation        and       following matters:
evacuation Of mi]itary cOnsLruction, facilities
management       and engineering,        slrategic
                                                            a. business       and    commercial     law,
homeporting,     housing,    utilities,  and base
                                                          environmental law, civilian personnel law, real
utilization issues,
                                                          and personal property law and patent law;
   c. environmental        policy,   safety, Occupa-
                                                             b. procurement    of services,            including   the
tional health, and Marine Corps and Navy
                                                          liacal, budgetary and accounting            aspects, for the
environmental     aJTairs, including environmental
                                                          Navy and Marine CorpS
protection,     restoration,       compliance       and
legislation,     natural     resource      programs,         c. litigation    involving   the issues          enumer-
hazardous      material/waste        minimization,        ated abov~ and
plastics     reduction      and control,        afloat
                                                             ‘d. other matters as &lrected by the Secretary
environmental     issues, stab? and federal agency
                                                          of the Navy.
and environmental      organization     coordination,
and the National Envimnrnental Policy ACC and             2. The General    Counsel    maintains  a close
                                                          working relationship with the Judge Advocate
   d. advising on fiscal       resources   related   to
                                                          General on all matters of common interest.
shore apprOpriaLions.
                                                                                   Chapter 3
I
I
                                     THE SECRETARY                                             OF THE NAVY
                              Section 2. The OffIce of the Secretary of the Navy
                                                  Subsection B. The Staff Assistants


                                                                                    Contents

                                                                                 Atii&                                                                                     A auk
        TheS&lTAssistanw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0330    TheChiefoflnformarion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           0334
        ThaJudgaAdvocsw Gener.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             0331                        ffairs
                                                                                          The Chicfof@islntiveA                 .. .. ... ... .... ... .. .                 0335
        The Nnvallmpecmr&neral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              0332    The Diwmr, OfimofPm~m Apprakl . . . . . . . . . .                                 0336
        TheChiefof Nmval&searti . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       0333    The AudilmCentral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     0337


        0330.        The Staff Assistants.                                                   d. acts on other matters as directed                                         by the
    I   The Staff Assistants,     as identified   in Article
                                                                                           Ssmetary.

        0310, assist the %cretary of the Navy, or one LW                                   2. The Judge Advocate General maintains        a
        more of the Civilian Executive Assistants, in the                                  close working relationship    with the General
        administration of the Navy. They supervise all                                     Counsel on all matters of common interest.
        functions and activities internal to their offices
        and assigned field activities,     if any, and are                                 0332. The Naval                  Inspector           General.
        responsible to the Secretary or to one of the
        Civilian Executive Assistants for the utiii=tio”                                   1. Under the direction of the Secretary                                        of the
        of resources hy, and the operating efficiency of,                                  Navy, the Naval Inspector General:
        all activities     under their supervision         or
                                                                                               a. inspects, investigates or inquires into any
        command.      Their duties are as provided hy law
                                                                                           and all matters of importance ta the Department
        or as assigned by the Secretary.
                                                                                           of the Navy with particular         emphasis     on
                                                                                           readiness,     including,    but not limited      to
        0331.       The Judge             Advocate           General.
                                                                                           effectiveness, efficiency, economy and integrity;
        1. The Judge Advocate    General of the Navy
                                                                                              b. exercises  broad supervision,      general
        commands    the Oftlce of the Judge Advocate
                                                                                           guidance and coordination for all Department of
        General and is the Chief of the Judge Advocate
                                                                                           the Navy inspection, evaluation and appraisal
        General’s Corps. The Judge Advocate General:
                                                                                           organizations to minimize duplication of efforts
                                                                                           and the number of necessary inspections;
           a. provides or supervises the provision of all
        legal advice and relatsd services throughout the                                     c. through     analysis  of available    infor-
        Department of the Navy, except for the advice                                      mation, identifies areas of weakness      in the
        and services provided by the General Counsel;                                      Department     of the Navy as they relate        to
                                                                                           matters of intsgrity and efficiency and provides
           b. performs     the                 functions            required         or
                                                                                           appropriate recommendations      for improvement.
        authorized by law;
                                                                                           To accomplish     these functions,   the lnapector
           c. provides legal and policy advice to the                                      General shall have unrestricted access, by any
        Secretary    of the Navy an military      justice,                                 means, to any information maintained by any
        administrative    law, claims, operational     and                                 naval activity      deemed    necessary,    unless
        international law, and litigation involving these                                  spsciiieally restricted by the Secretary of tbe
        issues, and                                                                        Navy;




                                                                                                                                                                             17
                                          THE      SECRETARY    OF THE    NAVY




       d. receives allegations oi inefficiency,         mis-    agencies and oflices   of the Department          of the
    conduct, impropriety, mismanagement         or       vio-   Navy; and
    lations of law, and investigates or refers          such
    matters for investigation, ss is appropriate;       and        c. the supervision,       administration     and
                                                                control of activities within or for the Department
       e. serves   as principal    advisor   to the
                                                                of tbe Navy relating LO patents, inventions,
    Secretary  of the Navy, the Chief of Naval
                                                                trademarks, copyrights and royalty payments,
    Operations and the Commandant of the Marine
                                                                and matters connected therewith.
    Corps on all inspection     and investigation
    matters.
                                                                0334.    The Chief of Information.
    2. lnadditicm, the Naval inspector General has
    various functions, including (but not limited to):          1. The Chief of information         is the direct
                                                                represen~tive    of the Semekary of the N avy in a)l
       a. providing of an alternative to the normal
                                                                public affairs and internal relations      matters.
    chain of command       channel   for receipt  of
                                                                The Chief of information        is authorized     to
    complaints of personnel;
                                                                implement     Navy public affairs and internal
         b.    serving astheofflcia    ltowhomemployees         relations policies and to coordinate those Navy
    -Y        mmplti   without fear of reprissl;                and Marine Corps activities of mutual interest.

      c. cooperating with the inspector             General,
                                                                2. The Chief of Naval Operations    and the
    Department of Defense;
                                                                Commandant of the Marine Corps are delegated
       d. providing oversight         of intelligence    and    responsibilities for
    special activities
                                                                   a. conduct of their respective          services’
       e. serving as the Department of the Navy
                                                                internal information programs;
    coordinator  for fraud, waste and efficiency
    matte%,                                                       b. conduct of their respective      services’    com-
                                                                munity relations programs, and
       f.  ssrving as Navy Program Manager and
    focal point for the Department of the Navy and                c. implementing the Secretary        of the Navy’s
    Navy Hotline progra~,    and                                public @sirs policy and directives.

        g. designation    as the centralized   organi-
                                                                3. The Chief of information will report to the
    zation within the Department        of Defense Lo
                                                                Chief of Naval Operations      for support of Lhe
    monitor snd ensure the coordination of criminal,
                                                                respansibilities outlined in paragraph      2, and
    civil, administrative   and contractual remedies
                                                                will provide such staff support as the Chief of
    for all signilkant cases, including investigation
                                                                Naval Operations       considers    necessary    to
    of fraud or corruption related to procurement
                                                                perform those duties and responsibilities.
    activities affecting the Depmtment of the Navy.

    0333.       The Chief of Naval     Resesrch.                4. The Deputy Chief of hformation       for Marine
                                                                Corps Matters       may report directly      to the
    1. The Chisf of Naval Research shall command
                                                                Secretary regarding public information matters
    the ~ce    of the Chief of Naval Research, the
                                                                related solely to the Marine Corps. The Deputy
    OffIce of Naval Research, the OffIce of Naval
                                                                Chief will promptly        inform   the Chief      of
    Technology and assigned shore activities.
                                                                information     regarding   the substance     of all
    2. The Oflke of Naval Research shall perform                independent       contacts   with the Secretary
    such duties as the Secretary   of the Navy                  pertaining     to Marine Corps matters.         The
    prescribes relating to:                                     Deputy Chief of Information for Marine Corps
                                                                Matters will report to the Commandant of the
       a. the encouragement,          promotion, planning,
                                                                Marine Corps for support of the responsibilities
    initiation and coordination       of naval research;
                                                                outlined in paragraph 2, and will provide such
       b. the conduct    of naval    research    in             staff support as the Commandant          considers
    augmentation  of and in conjunction    with the             necessary      to perform     those   duties    and
    research and development conducted by other                 rsspcmsibllities.
I


    18
                                       THE SECRETARY          OF THE NAVY



    0335.   The Chief of Legislative     Affairs.             Secretary of the Navy, the OXce       of Program
                                                              Appraisal.
    1. Themission   of the Chief of Legislative     Affairs
                                                              2. The OKlce of Program Appraisal will assist
    is to:
                                                              the Secretary in assuring that existing  and
       a. plan, develop and coordinate     relation-          proposed Navy and Marine Corps programs
    ships between representatives    of the Depart-           provide the optimum means of achieving    the
    ment of the Navy and members of committees of             objective of the Department of the Navy.
    the United States Congress and their staffs
                                                              0337.   The Auditor   Generaf.
    which are necessary in the transaction of ofiicial
    Government     business (except appropriations            1. The   Auditor   General       of the   Navy     is
    matters) affecting the Department of the Navy;            responsible for:
    and
                                                                a. serving   as Director   of the Naval    Audit
       b. furnish    staff  support,   advice     and         Sarvice; and
    assistance to the Secretary of the Navy, the
                                                                 b. developing    and implementing   Navy
    Chief of Naval Operations, the Commandant of
                                                              internal  audit policies, progTams and pro-
    the Marine Corps and all other principal civilian
                                                              cedures within the framework of Government
    and military officials of the Department of the
                                                              auditing stindards.
    Navy concerning congressional     aspects of the
    Department    of the Navy policies, plans and             2. The Auditor General    can provide    infor-
    programs (except appropriations matters),                 mation and may provide assistance and support
                                                              to the Chief of Naval Operations      and the
    0336.   The Director,   Office   of Program               Commandant    of the Marine Carps ta enable
            Appraisal.                                        them to discharge their duties and respon-
                                                              sibilities.
    1. The Director, OffIce of Program Appraisal,
    directs, under the immediate supervision of the




1                                                                                                              19
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I


    20
I
                    Chapter 4

I       THE CHIEF OF NAVAL OPERATIONS




    I                                   21
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22
                                                                                    Chapter 4
                      THE CHIEF OF NAVAL OPERATIONS

                                                                                    Contents


                                                                                  Amide                                                                Arfic&

Prea?derlcO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0401   S&mwry Authorityand flespmsibilicyof the
Sucmzshn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     0402     OKuaof theChief.f NavalOperations . . . . . .               0404
StatutoryAuthorityandfkpmmibility                                                         Ckle@ed Autbwity and Responsibility. . . . . . . . . . . .    0405
   of the Chiefof NavalOperation . . . . . . . . . . . .                           0403   NavalVesselSqi.stsr, Clamifkntionof NavalCm&
                                                                                             dbmd%pad                  &mkc& ............ 040s



0401.          Precedence.                                                                 0403.     Statutory      Authority       and Reapon-
                                                                                                     sihifity of the Chief of Navaf            Oper-
The Chief of Naval Operations, while so serving,
                                                                                                     ations.
has the grade of admiral. ln the peffofmancs of
duties within the Ospartment of the Navy, the
                                                                                           1. Excspt as otherwise prescrihsd by law, and
Chief of Naval Operations     takes precedence
                                                                                           subject    to the statutory    authority    of the
above all other officers of the naval service,
                                                                                           sscretary    of the Navy to assign functions,
except an officer of the naval service who is
                                                                                           powers     and duties,    the Chief      of Naval
asrving as Chairman or Vies Chairman of the
                                                                                           Operations psrforms duties under the authority,
Joint Chiefs of Staff.
                                                                                           direction and control of the Sacretary of the
                                                                                           Navy and is directly        responsible     to the
0402.          Succession.
                                                                                           Secretary.                                                           I
When there is a vacancy in the position of Chief
of Naval Operations, or during the absenca or                                              2. Subjsct to the authority, diraction and control
disability of the Chief of Naval Operations                                                of the Secretary of the Navy, the Chisf of Naval
                                                                                           Opafatimlashall:
   a. The Vice Chief of Naval Operations shall
perform   the duties of the Chief of Naval                                                   a. preside over           the Ot%ce       of the Chief       of    I
OWrstiOns until a successor is appointad or the                                            Naval operstiom,
abasncs or disability ceases
                                                                                              b. transmit the plans and rsmmmendations
    b. [f there is a vacancy in the position of V ice                                      of the mea   of the Chief of Naval Operations b
Chief of Naval operations or the Vies Chief of                                             the SscretAry and advise the Sscretsry      with
Naval Operations is absent or diaablsd, unless                                             regard ta such plans and recommendatio~,
the President dirscts otherwise, the most senior
                                                                                              c. after approval of the plans or recom-
oflicer of the Navy in the Office of the Chief of
                                                                                           mendations of the C)fike of the Chisf of Naval
Naval Operations who is not absent or disabled
                                                                                           Operations by the sscretary, act as the agent of
and who is not restricted in the performance of
                                                                                           the Secretary in carrying them inta effsck
duty shall perform the duties of the Chief of
Naval Operations until a succsssor ta the Chief                                              d. exercise supervision, consistent with the
of Naval Operations or the Vice Chief of Naval                                            statutory authority asaigned ta cmnmandera of
Operations is appointed or until the absence or                                           unifkl or specitkd mmhatant mmmrmda, over
disability of the Chief of Naval Operaticms or                                            such of the membars and organtitiona     of the
Vies Chief of Naval Operatiomi ceases, which.                                             Navy and the Marine Corps as the Secretary
ever occurs first.                                                                        determines;




                                                                                                                                                         23
                                 THE    CHIEF    OF NAVAL      OPERATIONS




   e. perform the duties prescribed Cm-a mem.                  c. prepare detailed     instructions    for    the
ber of the Armed Forces Policy Council and                  execution of approvsd plans and supervise         the
other statutory duties; and                                 execution or those plans and instructions;

   f.  perform such other military duties, noL                d. as directed by the Secretary or the Chief of
otherwise assigned by law, as are assigned ta the          Naval Operations,     coordinate   the action of
Chief of Naval Operations by the President, the            organizations of the Navy; and
Secretary of Defense or Lhe Secretary of the
                                                               e. perform such other duties, not oLherwise
Navy.
                                                            assigned by law, as may be prescribed   by the
3. The Chief of Naval Operations    shall also              Sscret.ary.
perform the statutory duties prescribed   for a
                                                           2. Except as otherwise spec~:cally prescribed by
member of the Joint Chiefs of StatT
                                                           law, the Oftice of the Chief of Naval Operations
    a. To the extent that such action does not             shall be organized     in such manner,     and its
impair the independence of the Chief of Naval              members shall perform such duties and have
Operations in the performance    of duties as a            such titles as the Secretary may prescribe.
member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Chief of
Naval Operations shall inform the Sscretary of             0405.    Delegated    Authority      and     Respon        -
the Navy regardLng military advice rendered by                      sibfiity.
members of the Joint Chiefs of StatT on matters
                                                           1. The Chief of Naval        Operations    is tbe
affecting the Department of the Navy.
                                                           principal naval advisor and naval executive to
   b. Subject to the authority, direction and              the Secretary of the Navy on the conduct of the
control of the Secretary of Defense, the Chief of          naval activities of the Department of the Navy.
Naval Operations shall keep the Secretary of the
                                                           2. a. internal to tbe administration        of the
Navy fully informed of significant         military
                                                           Department of the Navy, the Chief of Naval
operations       affecting     the   duties      and
                                                           Operations,    consistent    with the statutory
responsibilities of the Secretary of tbe Navy.
                                                           authority assigned ta commanders of unilhf or
                                                           specified   combatant     commands,    under   the
0404.    Statutory     Authority      and Respon-
                                                           direction of the Secretary     of the Navy, shall
         sibfity   of the Office    of the Chief of
                                                           command.
         Naval Operations.
                                                                 (1) the operating forces of the Navy; and
1. The Office of the Chief of Naval operations
shall furnish professional    assistance   to the                (2) such shore    activities     as    may      be
Secretary,   the Under     Secretary     and the           assigned by the Secretary.
Assistant Secretaries of the Navy, and to the
                                                               b. The Chief of Naval Operations shall be
Chief of Naval Operations. Under the authority,
                                                           responsible ta the Sscretary of the Navy for the
direction and control of the Secretary of the
                                                           utilization of resources by, and the operating
Navy,    the Office   of the Chief     of Naval
                                                           efficiency of, the Office of the Chief of Naval
Operations shall:
                                                           Oparationa, the Operating Forces of the Navy
   a. subject ta Article 0311.1, prepare for such          and assigned shore activities.
employment          of the Navy,       and for such
                                                           3. In addition, the Chief of Naval Operations
recruiting,     organizing,    supplying,   equipping                                                                     /
                                                           has the following specitic responsibilities
(including       those aspects      of research      and
development       assigned by the Secretary of the            a. to organize, train, equip, prepare     and
Navy),      training,     servicing,      mobilizing,      maintain the readiness of Navy forces, including
demobilizing, administering, and maintaining of            those for assignment    to unified or specified
the Navy, as will assist in the execution of any           commands,    for the performance    of military
power, duty or function of the Secretary or the            missions as directed    by the President,     the
ChlefofNaval       Operations;                             Sscret.ary of Defense or the Chairman of the
                                                           Joint Chiefs of Staff;
   b. investigate and report upan the e~]ciency
of the Navy and its preparation     to support                b. to determine    current        and      future           ,
military operations by combatanl commands,                 requirements of the Navy (less       Fleet    Marine




34
                              THE    CHIEF   OF NAVAL      OPERATIONS




Forces smd other assigned Marine Corps forces)          4.    The Chief of Naval Operations, under the
for manpower, material, weapons, facilities and         direction of the Secretary   of the Navy, shall
services,   including   the determination     of        exercise  overall  authority   throughout   the
quantities, military performance requirements           Department of the Navy in matt,ws related tm
and times, places and priorities of need;
                                                           a. the effectiveness   of the support of the
    c. to exercise leadership in maintaining       a    Operating    Forces of the Navy and assigned
high degree of competence among Navy oflicer,           shore activities;
enlisted and civilian personnel      in necessary
                                                           b. the coordination and direction of assigned
fields of specialization,    through    education,
                                                        Navy-wide programs and functions, including
training and equal opportunities      for personal
                                                        those assigned by higher authori~,
advancement, and maintaining the morale and
motivation of Navy personnel and the prestige of          c. matters        essential     to naval     military
a Navy careec                                           administration,     such as:

   d. to plan and provide       health  care for                (1) security;
personnel of the naval service, their dependents
                                                                (2) intelligence;
and eligib~e trenef~ciaries,
                                                                (3) discipline;
   e. to direct the organization, administration,
training and support of the Naval Reserve,                      (4) communications;     and

    f. to inspact and investigate components of               (5) matters related to tbe customs                 and
the Department of the Navy to determine and             traditions of the naval service;
maintain     efficiency, discipline,   readiness,
                                                           d. except for those areas wherein       euch
effectiveness end economy, except in those areas
                                                        responsibility rests with the Cmmrmndsnt of the
where such responsibility         rests with the
                                                        Marine Corps, the coordination of activities   of
Commandant of the Marine Corps;
                                                        the Department         of the Navy in matters
                                                        concerning     effectiveness,   efficiency   and
   g. to determine the requirements         of naval
                                                        economy.
forces and activities, to include requirements for
research, development,     test, and evaluation; to
                                                        0406.      Naval Vessel     Register,   Classification
plan and provide for the conduct of test and
                                                                   of Naval Crafk and Status of Ships
evaluation which are adequate and responsive to
                                                                   and Service Craft.
long-range objectives, immediate requirernenLs,
and fiscal limitations; and & provide assistance        1. The Chief of Naval Operations             shall be
to the Assistant       Secretary      of the Navy       responsible      for the Naval Vessel Register
(Research, Development and Acquisition) in the          (except the Secrekry of the Iiavy shall strike
review    and appTaisa\ of the overa)i         Navy     vessels fmm the Register) and the assignment of
program     to ensure     fulfillment     of stated     classification     for administrative   purposes    to
requirements:                                           water-borne craft and the designation of status
                                                        for each       ship and service       craft.      The
    h. to formulate   Navy strategic plans and
                                                        classifkation of water-borne craft and the status
policies and participate in the formulation   of
                                                        of ships and service craft are found in the
joint and combined strategic plans and policies
                                                        glossary.
and related command relationships, and
                                                        2. Commissioned     vessels and craft shall               be
   i. subject to guidance from the Assistant
                                                        called ‘Unitsd Statss Ship”or “L”.S.S.’”
secretary of the Navy (Financial Management),
tn iarmulate budget proposals for the Office of         3. Civilian manned ships, of the Military Sealifl
the Chief of Naval Operations, the Operating            Command      or other commands,        designated
Forces of the Navy and assigned shore activities,       “active status, in service” shall be called ‘U nitsd
and other activities and programs as assigned.          Stdas Naval Ship” or ‘U. S. N. S.”




                                                                                                                  25
                                                                                                                       I
                             THE CHIEF     OF NAVAL    OPERATIONS



4. Ships and service craft designated     “active   he or she deems necessary.       Such designation
status, in service, ” except those described by     shall be in compliance  with the              Geneva
paragraph 3of this article, shall be referred to    Convention  for the Amelioration               of the
by name, when assigned, chssifintion,    and hull   Conditions of Wounded, Sick and Ship-wrecked
number (e.g., “HIGH POINT PCH-1” or “YOGN-          Members of tbe Armed Forces at Sea of 12
.-.,.,
0 ).
                                                    August 1949. The Chief of Naval Operations
5 The Chief     of Naval    Operations     shall    shall ensure     compliance      with   the    notice
designate hospital ships and medical aircraft as    provisions of that Convention.




26
                 Chapter 5


THE COMMANDANT     OF THE MARINE   CORPS




                                           27

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28
                                                                             Chapter 5
    THE COMMANDANT                                                                  OF THE MARINE                           CORPS

                                                                              Contents

                                                                           Ar!ick                                                             A rtic&

Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0501     flatutnv A.t.borityand Rqcmsibility
succession         . ... ... ... ... .... ... ... .... .... ... .           0502        of the Headquenem MarineCorps . . . . . . . . . . .    0504
SUWMOry  AuthorityandResponsibility                                                  DelegamdAudmrityand Fb?m.msibility .                      0505
                    u
  of tie Commandant f the MarineCorps . . . . .                             0503




0501.         Precedence.                                                             0S03.     Statutory     Authority     and Respon-
                                                                                                sibility of the Commandant            of the
The Commandant of the Marine Corps, while so
                                                                                                Marine Corps.
serving,  has the grade of general.       In the
performance of duties within the Department of                                        1. Except    as otherwise      prescribed     by law      and
the Navy, the Commandant of the Marine Corps                                          subject   to the statutory authority    of the
takes precedence above all other otlicers of the                                      Secretary   of the Navy to assign   functions,
Marine Corps, except an otlicer of the Marine                                         powers and duties, the Commandant          of the
Corps who is serving as Chairman        or Vice                                       Marine    Corps performs      duties  under    the
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.                                                authority, direction and control of the Secretxvy
                                                                                      of the Navy and is directly responsible     to the
0502.        Succession.                                                              Secremry.

When there is a vacancy        in the office of                                       2. Subject to the authority, direction and control
Commandant of the Marine Corps, or during the                                         of the Secretary of the Navy, the Commandant of
absence m disability of the Commandant                                                the Marine Corps shall:

   a. the Assistant Commandant of the Marine                                             a.   preside over the Headquarters,              Marine
Corps    shall  perform     the duties of the                                         corps
Commandant until a successor is appointed or
                                                                                         b. transmit the plans and recommendations
the absence or disability ceases or
                                                                                      of the Headquarters,    Marine Corps, to the
   b. if there is a vacancy in the office of the                                      Sscretary and advise the Secretary with regard
Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps or                                           ta such plans and recommendations;
the Assistant     Commandant       is absent    or
                                                                                         c. after approval of the plans or recom-
disabled, unless the President directs otherwise,
                                                                                      mendations of the Headquarters, Marine Carps,
the most senior oficer of the Marine Corps in the
                                                                                      by the Secretary,     act as the agent of the
Headquarters, Marine Corps, who is not absent
                                                                                      secretary in carrying them into effecc
or disabled and who is not restricted in the
performance of duty shall perform the duties of                                          d. exercise supervision, consistent with the
the Commandant        until a successor    to Lhe                                     statutory authority assigned to commanders    of
Commandant or the Assistant Commandant is                                             unified or specfied combatant commands, over
appinted   or until the absence or disability of                                      such of the members and organizations    of the
the Commandant or the Assistant Commandant                                            Navy and the Marine Corps as the Secretsry
ceases, whichever occurs first.                                                       determines;




                                                                                                                                                 39
                               THE   COMMANDANT           OF THE     MAttINECONPS




       e. perform    Lhe duties prescribed  for a                   (2) investigable and repOrL upon                the
    member of the Armed Forces Policy Council and            efficiency     of the h!arine  Corps  and               its
    other statutory duLies; and                              preparation LOsupporL military operations                by
                                                             combatant commands,
       f. per{orm such other military duties, nol
    otherwise assigned by law, as are assigned to the             (3) prepare detiailed instructions    for the
    Commandant      of the Marine     Corps by the           execution of approved plans and supervise Lhe
    President,   the Secretary  of Defense or the            execution of’ those plans and instruction%
    Secretiry of the Navy.
                                                                  (4) as directed by the Secretary    or the
    3. The Commandant of the Marine Corps shall              Commandant,       coordinate    the action   of
    also perform the statutary duties prescribed for a       organizations of the Marine Corps, and
    member of the JoinL Chiefs of StafT.
                                                                  (5) Perform   such   oLher   duties,    not
       a. To the extenL that such action does nOL            otherwise assigned by law, as may be prescribed
    impair Lhe independence of the Commandant of             by the Secretary.
    the Marine Corps in the performance ofduLies as
                                                             2. Except as otherwise specifically prescribed by
    a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the
                                                             law, the Headquarters, Marine Corps, shall be
    Commandant of the Marine Corps shall inform
                                                             organized in such manner, and its members
    the Secretary of the Navy regarding    military
                                                             shall perform such duties and have such titles,
    advice rendered by members of the Joint Chiefs
                                                             as the Secretary may prescribe.
    of Skd_f on matters affecting the DeparLmenL of
    the Navy.
                                                             0505.     Delegatad    Authority      and
       b. Subject to Lhe authority,     direction and                  Responsibility.
    control     of Lhe Secretary     of Defense,    Lhe
                                                             1. a. Internal to the administration     of the
    Commandant of Lhe hfarine Corps shall keep Lhe
                                                             Department of the Navy, the Commandant        of
I   SecreLary      of the Navy fully informed         of
                                                             the Marine Corps. consistent with Lhe statutory
    significant    military operations  affecting   the
                                                             authority assigned to commanders of un~led or
    duties and responsibilities of the Secretary of the
                                                             specified  combatant    commands,   under the
    Navy.
                                                             direcLion of the Secretary  of the Navy, shall
                                                             command:

    0504.   Statutory    Authority   and Respon-                  (1) the operating       forces    of the Marine
            sibility   of the Headquarters,   Marine         CorpY and
            Corps.
                                                                   (2) such shore activities             as   may    be
    1. The Headquarters,      hiarine  Corps, shall          assigned by the Secretary.
    furnish professional assistance tn the Secretary,
                                                                b. The Commandant shall be responsible Lo
    the Under     Secretary     and the Assistant
                                                             the Secretary of the Navy for the utilization of
    Sacretmies of the Navy, and ta the Commandant
                                                             resources by, and the operating efficiency of, all
    of the Marine Cmjrs.
                                                             commands and activities under such command.
       a. Under the authority, direction and control
                                                             2. in addition,     Lhe Commandant               has   the
    of the Secretary of Lhe Navy, the Headquarters,
                                                             following specillc responsibilities:
    ,Marine Corps shall:
                                                                a. To plan for and determine the needs of the
          (1) subject ta Article 0311.1, prepare for
                                                             Marine Corps for equipment,          weapons    or
    such employment of the Marine Corps, and for
                                                             weapons systems, materials, supplies, facilities,
    such    recruiting,       organizing,   supplying,
                                                             maintenance,    and supporting    services.  This
    equipping (including those aspects of research
                                                             responsibility  includes Lhe determination       of
    and development assigned by Lhe Secrelary of
                                                             Marine Corps characteristics    of equipment and
    the Navy),      training,    servicing, mobilizing,
                                                             material w be procured or developed, and Lhe
    demobilizing. adrninistsring, and maintaining of
                                                             training required    to prepare    Marine Corps
    the Marine Corps, as will assist in Lhe execuLion
                                                             personnel for combat.      It also includes    the
    of an y power, duty or function of the Secretary or
                                                             operation of the Marine Corps hlaterial Support
    the Commandant
                                                             System.




I   30
                         THE COMMANDANT               OF THE nlARiNE      CORf>S



   b. Subject to guidance from the Aesistant                e. Toplanfor anddetermine        the present and
Secretary of the Navy (Financial Management],            future needs, both quantitative and qualitati,.e,
to formulate     budget   proposals    for the           for manpower, including re~rve personnel and
Headquarters,    Marine Corps, the Operating             civilian personnel, of the ~~nited States Marine
Forcee of Lhe Marine Corps, and other activities         Corps.     This includes      responsibility      for
and programs as assigned.                                leadership    in maintaining     a high degree     of
                                                         competence     among Marine Corps officer        and
   c. To develop, in coordination   with other
                                                         enlisted personnel and Marine Corps civilian
military services,  the doctrines, tactics and
                                                         personnel in necessary fields of specialization
equipment   employed    by landing   forces  in
                                                         through     education,     training    and    equal
amphibious operations.
                                                         OPPrtunities fOr personal advancement: and for
   d. To formulate      h{arine Corps strategic          leadership    in maintaining     the morale and
plans and policies      and participate     in the       motivation of Marine Corps personnel and the
formulation    of joint and combined     stra Legic      prestige of a career in the Marine Corps.
plans and policies       and related    command
relationships.




                                                                                                          31
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    32
I
                  Chapter 6


THE UNITED STATES COAST GUARD
(WHEN OPERATING   AS A SERVICE IN THE NAVY)




                                              33
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3.t
                                                                 Chapter 6

                THE UNITED STATES COAST GUARD
             (WHEN OPERATING                                     AS A SERVICE                   IN THE NAVY)


                                                                 Contents


                                                            Ar<icle                                                                      Articti
hlatiomhip n.d Operauonasa                                              The C-wnnIandrmt of the Gmst Guard . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0602
   Service inthe Navy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      0601       Ouaiese.dfkspmsibilities    ... .. . ... .... ... .. . ..         0S0S




0601.      Relationship         and Operation             as B           0602.      The Commandant                of tbe Coast
           Service     in the Navy.                                                 Guard.

1. Upon the declaration     of war or when the                           1, The Commandant of the Coast Guard is tbe
President directs, the Coast Gusrd shall operate                         senior officer of the Unitsd Statss Coast Guard.
as a service in the Navy, and shall be subject to
                                                                         2. When re~rting            to the Sscretary of the h’aW,
the orders of the Secretary of the h’avy. While so
                                                                         the Commandant              will report to the Chief of
operating as a service in the Navy, and to the
                                                                         Naval Operations.
extent practicable, Coast Guard operations shall
be integrated      and uniform        with  Navy                         3. The Chief   of Naval  Operations  shall
operations.                                                              represent the Coast Guard before the Joint
                                                                         Chiefs of.%ff.
2, Whenever     the Coast            Guard      operates         as a
service in the h’avy:
                                                                         0603.       Duties and Responsibilities.
    a. applicable   appropriations      of the Coast
Guard to cover expenses shall be avsilable for                           In exercising command over the Coast Guard
transfer to the Department         of the Navy and                       while operating as a service of the h’av y, the
supplemented,     as required,     from applicable                       Commandant shall:
appropriations of the Department of the Navy;                                a. organize, train, prepare and maintain
     b. personnel  of the Coast Guard shall be                           the readiness of the Coast Guard to function ss a
eligible LOreceive gratuities, medals and other                          specialized   service   in the Navy      for the
insignia of honor on the same basis as psrsonnel                         performance of national defense missions, as
in the naval service or serving in any capacity                          directed;
with the Navy; and
                                                                              b. plan for and determine the present and
     c. to the extent practicable, Coast Guard                           future    needs   of the Coast    Guard,    both
personnel, SKIPS, aircraft and facilities will be                        quantitative    and qualitative, for personnel,
utilized as organized Coast Guard units.                                 including reserve personnel;
                               THE    UNITED     STATES    COAST    GUARD




    c. budget for the Coast Guard, except          as        h. administer,     promulgate    and enforce
may bs otherwiss dkected by the Secretary          of     regulations for the promotion of safety of life and
the NavK                                                  property on and under the high seas and waters
                                                          subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
    d. plan for and determine the support neads
                                                          This applies to those maLters nol specifically
of the Coast Guard for equipment,    materials,
                                                          delegated   by law to some other executive
weapons or mmbat systsms, supplies, facilities,
                                                          department
maintenance and supporting service%
                                                             i. develop, establish, maintain and operate,
     e. exercise essential     military    adminis-       with due regard to the requirements of national
tration of the Coast Guard. This includes, but is         defense,  aids to maritime      navigation,    ice
not limited    to, such matters as discipline,            breaking facilities and rescue Facilities, for the
C0MmUnic8Li0ns,        personnel      records   and       promotion of safety on, under and over the high
accounting. mnforming, as practicable, to Navy            seas and watsrs subject to the jurisdiction or Lhe
procedure                                                 United States;

                                                             j.   engage in oceanographic   surveys in con-
   f.   in conjunction with the Director of Naval
                                                          junction with the Office of the Oceanographer of
Intelligence,     and the National      intelligence
                                                          the Navy; and
Community,      where appropriate,    establish and
maintain an intdligence      and security capability         k. continue in effect under the Secretary of
to provide support for the maritime defense               the h’avy those other functions,      powers and
zones. port security, narcotics interdiction, anti-       duties     vested    in the Commandant          by
terrorist   activity, fishery activity,     pollution     appropriate     orders and regulations      of the
monitoring nnd other Coast Guard missions,                Secretary of Transportation on the day prior w
                                                          the effsctive dats of Lransrer of the Coast Guard
   g. enforce or assist in enforcing Federal laws         to the Department of the Navy unLil specifically
on and under the high seas and waters subject to          moditied or terminated by the Secretary of the
the jurisdiction of the United States;                    Navy.




36
                                 Chapter 7


I         COMMANDERS IN CHIEF AND OTHER
I                 COMMANDERS
I
    Section 1. Titles and Duties of Commanders
~
    Section 2. Staffs of Commanders
I   Section 3. Administration   and Discipline




                                                 37
I
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    38
                                                       Chapter 7

            COMMANDERS                                 IN CHIEF AND OTHER
                                         COMMANDERS
                    Section 1. Titles and Duties of Commanders


                                                       Contents

                                                   A rticfe                                                          At+clt
Tides Ofhnmwnders                       ..... .      070I     Readiness  ....................... ................     0704
Respmuibilicy and Au Lhoricy of                               Ob=wanmafinurmti.nslhw           ................. .    0705
   (kmmnders      ..............................     0702     Keeping lmm~iate   S.periOrs lmfmmed    ...........     0106
TOAnnounceASSurnptim Cmnmnd
                         d             ..... ...     0703


0701.   Titles of Commanders.                                  rnunicate     directly    with    any    of their      sub-
                                                               ordinates.
1. The commander of a principal organization of
the operating forces of the Navy, as determined                2. Commanders sha}\ ensure that subordinate
by the Chief of Naval Operations, or the ofllcer               commands are fully aware of the importance of
who has succeeded to such command as provided                  strong, dynamic leadership and ita relationship
elsewhere in these regulations, shall have the                 La the overall efficiemy and readiness of naval
title “’Commander    in Chief.”’ The name of the               forces.   Commanders     shall exercise positive
organization    under the command of such an                   leadership and actively develop the highest
officer shall be added to form his or her official             qualities of leadership in persons with positions
title.                                                         of authority and responsibility throughout their
                                                               cmmnands.
2. The commander of each other organization of
                                                               3. Subject to     orders of higher authority,    and
units of the operating       forces of the N’avy or
                                                               subject to the   provisions of Article 0106 of these
Marine Corps, or organization of units of shore
                                                               regulations,      commanders     shall issue s“~h
activities, shall have the title “Commander, ”
                                                               regulations       and instructions      as may be
“Commandant,”       “Commanding        General”  or
                                                               necessary for    the proper administration of their
other appropriate     title.     The name of the
                                                               commands.
organization    under the command of such an
officer shall be added to form his or her cdT1cial            4. Commanders shall hold the same relationship
title.                                                        to their flagships, or to shore activities of the
                                                              command in which their headquarters rrmy be
0702.    Responsibility     and Authority      of             located, in regard to inlernal administration a“d
         Commanders.                                          discipline, as tu any other ship or shore activity
                                                              of their commands,
1. Commanders      shall be responsible     for Lhe
saLisfaclory accomp]ishme”L     of the mission and
                                                              0703.     To Announce       Assumption       of Corn.
duties assigned     to their commands.        Their
                                                                        mand.
authority    shall be commensurate     with their
responsibilities.   Normally, commanders       shall          1. Upon assuming command, commanders shall
exercise authority     through their immediate                so advise appropriate superiors, and the units of
subordinate commanders,       buL they may mm.                their commands.




                                                                                                                       39
                            COMMANDERS            IN CHIEF    AND     OTHER       COMMANDERS




    2. When appropriate,      commanders     shall also                f. develop, in accordance   with directives


!   advise the following oflicers snd ollicials located
    within the ares encompassed by the command
    concerning their assumption of command:
                                                                    issued by higher authority, training strategies
                                                                    and plans for their commands.

                                                                    0705.    Observance       of 1ntemational     bw.
      a. senior mmmanders          of other United Stites
    armed servi-.                                                   At all times, commanders        shall observe, and
                                                                    require    their commands        to observe,   the
         b.   offici.ds of other federal agencie% md
                                                                    principles of international law. Where necessary
         c.   ofilcials of foreign governments.                     to fulfill this responsibility,  a departure from
                                                                    other provisions       of Navy Regulations       is
    0704.      Readiness.
                                                                    authorized.
    Commandem     shall take all practicable steps to
    maintain their commands in a stats of readiness                 0706.    Keeping         Immediate        Superiors
    ~ perform their missions.     [n conformity        with                  Informed.
    the orders ami policies of higher authority,       they
    shall:                                                          Commanders      shall keep their immediate
                                                                    supsriors appropriately informed of:
       a. organizs the forces snd resources under
    their comrmnd    and assign duties to their                        a. the organization of their commands, the
    principal submchnate commanders                                 prospective and actual movements of the units of
                                                                    their commands,      and the location  of their
       b. prepare plans for the employment of their
                                                                    headquarters
    forces    to meet existing   and foreseeable
    situations,                                                       b.    plans for employment      of their forces;

       c. collabom~     with the commanders o{ other                   c. the condition of their commands   and of
    United    States   armed     services  and with                 any required action pertaining thereto which is
    appropriate filcials   of otter Federal agencies                beyond their capacity or authority;
    and foreign governments bested within the e.rea
                                                                       d. intelligence      information   which may be of
    encompassed by Lheir commands,
                                                                    value,
       & maintain effective intelligence and keep
                                                                       e. any     battle,      engagement      or other
    themselves     informed      of the political and
                                                                    significant    action     involving   units of their
    military     aspects      of the national     and
                                                                    command%
    inb-nationsl   situation;
                                                                       f. any important service or duty performed
         e. make, or cause to be made, necessary
                                                                    by persons or units of their command~ and
    inspections     to ensure      the   readiness,
    effectiveness and et%ciency of the components of                  g. unexecuted orders and matters of inlerest
    their commands: and                                             upon being relievad of command.




I




    40
                                                           Chapter 7

              COMMANDERS                                   IN CHIEF AND OTHER
                                             COMMANDERS
                                Section 2. Staffs of Commanders


                                                            Contents

                                                        A rzide                                                        AKk{e
Orgmizmion.   fa%ff     . .. ... ..   .   .. . . .. .     07!0    Audmrity rmd Rcspmsibilikg  .f
                                                                     Oficecsofastsff  .......................... ...   0711


0710.    Organization      of a Staff.                              4. The staff of a flag or general        officer   may
                                                                   include one or more pereorml aides.
1. The term ‘“staff    means those offtcers and
other   designated     persons   assigned   to a
                                                                   0711.    Authority      and    Reapoosibilities       of
commander       to assist   him or her in the
                                                                            Of6cers     of a Staff.
administration     and operation   of his or her
command.
                                                                  1. The chief of staff and aide or chief stsffofficer,
2. The o~lcer detailed as chief of staff and aide to              under the commander, shall be responsible for
a fleet admiral or admiral normally shall be a                    supervising and coordinating       the work of tbe
vice admiral or a rear admiral.         The ofilcer               staff snd shall be kept informed of all matters
detailed as chief of staff and aide to a vice                     pertaining to that work. All persons attached to
admiral or rear admiral shall normally be a rear                  the staff, except a vice commander        or deputy
admiral or a captain.    The detailing of a vice                  responsible dkectly to the commander, shall be
commander or a deputy to a commander shall be                     subordinate to the chief ofstaiTsnd aide or chief
reserved for selected commanders.        An officer               staff offker while he or she is executing           the
detailed as chief staff officer ta another offmer                 duties of that office.
shall normally not he of the same grade as that
                                                                  2. The officers of a staff shal 1 be responsible for
off!cer.
                                                                  the performance of those duties ~igned       ta them
3. The staff shall be organized      into such                    by the commander          and shall advise        the
divisions    as may be prescribed       by the                    commander on all matters pertaining theceta.
commander concsrned or by higher authority.                       ln the performance     of their stafT duties they
These divisions shall conform in nature and                       shall have no command authority of their own.
designation, as practicable and as appropriate,                   ln carrying out such duties, they shall act for,
LOthose of the stafls of superiors.                               and in the name of, the commander.




                                                                                                                        41
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42
                                                                                     Chapter 7

                          COMMANDERS                                                 IN CHIEF AND OTHER
                                                                     COMMANDERS
                                          Section 3. Administration and Discipline


                                                                                      Contents

                                                                                  A rtid,                                                     Arcic&
        Administration and Discipline                                                       Administration aod Discipline:
           S& Embnrked        . .. ....... . . . . .. .                             0720      S&f U.sssigned w a. Administrative   Command     (),=
        Adrninistratio. and Oiscip!ine:                                                     Admi.istmtim   .tid Oiscipli.c
           SmfTBased Asbore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     072 I     %pamwandl leaachcdtimmufid         ...     ..    0723


I       0720.        Administration                 and Discipline:                S~ff     in matters of general discipline LOthe internal
                     Embarked.                                                              regulations  and routine of that command      or
                                                                                            activity.
        In matters of general    discipline, the staff of a
        commander embarked and all enlisted persons
                                                                                            0722.     Administration     and W\plin+z         Staff
        serving with the staff shall be subject to the
                                                                                                     Unassigned     to sn Administrative
        internal regulations    and routine of the ship.
                                                                                                     Command.
        They shall be assigned regular stations          for
        battle and emergencies,          Enlisted  persons                                  1. When it is not practicable    @ assign enlisted
        serving with the staff shall be assigned LOthe                                      persons serving with the staffofa commander to
        ship for administration and discipline, except in                                   an established acti,,ity for administration    and
        the case of staff embarked for passage only, and                                    discipline, the commander       may designate    an
        provided in that case that an organization exisLs                                   officer of the staff Lo act as the commanding
        and is authorized to act for such purposes.                                         ofllcer of such persons and shall notify the Judge
                                                                                            Advocate General and the Commandant of the
        0721.        Administration                 and Discipline:                Staff
                                                                                            Marine Corps, or the Chief of Naval Personnel.
                     Based Asbore.
                                                                                            as appropriate, af such action.
        When a stsff is based ashore,         the enlisted
        persons serving      with the staff shall, when                                     2. If the designating  commander     desires the
        practicable,     be asaigned    to an appropriate                                   commanding ofllcer of staff enlisted persamel  ti
        activity    for purposes of administration      and                                 possess authority LOconvene courts-martial,   the
        discipline.    The staff o~lcers may be similarly                                   commander should request the Judge Advocate
        assigned.     Members of a staff assigned for any                                   Genera( tA obtain such authorization    from the
        purpose to a command or activity shall conform                                      Secre@ry of the Navy.




    I                                                                                                                                           43
                        COMMANDERS         IN CHIRk-ANDOTHER         COMMANDERS
I
I
    0723.   Administr   ation and Discipline:             command     and shall iniorm the Judge Advocate
            Separate    and Detached   Command.           General of the action Laken. lf authoriLy Lo
I   Any ffag or general ofiicer in command, any
                                                          convene    courts-martial
                                                          commanding officer oroficerin
                                                                                        is desired     for the
                                                                                              charge of such
    oflicer authorized   to convene general courts-       separate or detached       command,     the officer
    martial, or the wior    oflicer present may desig-    designating    the organization    as separaLe or
    nite organizations      which are separate       or   detached shall request the Judge Advocate
    detached commands. Such officer shall state in        General    to ohLain authorization        from the
    writing   that it is a separate       or detached     Secretary of the Navy.




I




    44



I
I
I




                                       Chapter 8
I

I
                        THE COMMANDING               OFFICER
I


            Section 1. Commanding   Officers in General
    I       Section 2. Commanding   Offkers Afloat
    1       Section 3. Special Circumstances
    I
             Subsection A. Ships in Naval Stations and Shipyards
             Subsection B. Prospective Commanding Ofilcers
    I




        I
        I




        I




                                                                   45
         (Page   intentionally   left blank)




I
    46
                                                                                       Chapter 8
                                       THE COMMANDING                                                           OFFICER
                                   Section 1. Commanding Offkers in General


                                                                                       Contents

                                                                                     Artuk                                                                                       AA+
.@phb,lw        .. .. ... ... .. .. . . . .. ... ... ..                               0801   Traininga”d Sducatim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            0821
Responsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              0802   Ddivery OfPenO..e\ m C,vil
Presenceof Oficer Eligiblew Command                                                   0803      Authoritiesand Semite of
0rgani2ati0n.fC.mmm.ds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                            0804      Subwen.morOtherPmce.w                                 .                     .    0822
EffectiveOrganizedForceAlways Resent                                          .       0805   DetiveryOfOrdemmPerwnnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                      0823
RelationshipWi& ExecutiveORtcer                                                       0806                            of
                                                                                             UseandTransportation Marijuana.
ReiievinEPmcedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                          0807      NwcLUics.ndDnJgs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           0824
Inspections,Musterand                                                                        SafetyPrecautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     082s
   Sighaing.f Perm”nel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                      0808   PhysicalSecurity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0826
PersonsFoundUnderI.crirnimting                                                               EITwtivenessfc.rService . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         08n
   Circumstance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                0809   Searchby F.reign Aut.hmities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                0828
RulesfmVisiB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                0810   Pris.memorwar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     0829
Dealers,Tmdesme” andAgents .                                                          0811   CapturedMauri.sl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      0830
PmaaJMmLcrs        . .... .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .                        081?   casualty mldDP.mage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         0s21
8afegunrdingORicid Fuds                                      .                        0813   EnvimnmenwJPdlm.i.an . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              0832
Deticitor Excessof P.blic Property . . . . . . . . . . . . .                          0814   issue.afPemomslNeeesuaries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 0833
Dmt.hs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                      0815   Camof.$hips,Aircraft,Vehiclesand
TheAmericanNati..al RedCress . .                                     .                0816      Their Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      0834
Observanceof Sunday . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                     0811   Work.Facilities,SuppliesorServicesfor
Publishingand PostingOrdersand                                                                  ohm G3vemment Depannle”u+, lati 0,              S
   %ulati..,           . .. .. ... .. ... .. .. ... ... .                             08!8      bra] Gvvermnems,ForeignGJvernmmm,
&cords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0S19      PrivatePartiesand Mmele.Welfarea“d
welf*re llf Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                   0820      Recreatiord Activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           0s35




0801.          Applicability.                                                                 authority    shall   in no way relieve       the
                                                                                              commanding oflicer of continued responsibility
In addition    to commanding       officers,    the
                                                                                              for the safety, well-being and efficiency of the
provisions of this chapter shall apply, where
                                                                                              entire command.
pertinent, to aircraft commanders,      officers in
charge (including    warrant officers and petty                                               2. A commanding       officer    who departs  from
officers when so detailed) and those persons                                                  orders or instructions, or kakes ofiicial action
standing the command duty.                                                                    which is not in accordance with such orders or
                                                                                              instructions,   does so upon his or her own
0802. Responsibility.                                                                         responsibility and shall report immediately the
                                                                                              circumstances tD the officer from whom the prior
 1. The responsibility of the commanding officer
                                                                                              orders or instructions         were received.    Of
for his or her command is absoluts, except when,
                                                                                              particular    importance      is the commanding
and to the extent to which, he or she has been
                                                                                              officer’s   duty to take all necessary         and
relieved therefrom by competent authority, or as
provided otherwise in these regulations.      The                                             appropriate                action          in self-defense                    of    the
                                                                                              command.
authority     of the commanding       officer    is
commensurate     with his or her responsibility.                                             3. The commanding o~lcer shall be responsible
While the commanding oflicer may, at his or her                                              for economy within his or her command. To this
discretion,   and when not contrary to law or                                                end the mmmanding oflicer shall require from
regulations, delegate authority ta subordinates                                              his or her subordinates a rigid compliamm with
for the execution of details, such delegation or                                             the regulations      governing    the receipt,



                                                                                                                                                                                  47
                                        THE COMMANDING            OFFICER



accounting and expenditure of public money and                personnel    to serve    as the Command            Duty
materials, snd the implementation   of improved               Officer.
management techniques and procedures.
                                                              3. Superiors     shall determine      the need and
 4. The commanding       o[ficer   and his or her             govern the presence of the officer in command or
 subordinates shall exercise leadership through               an ofticer or officers     eligible   Lo succeed   to
 personal   example, moral responsibility      and            command and ready for duty at commands,
judicious   attention to the welfare or persons               offices, or activities not of the operating forces of
 under their control     or supervision.     Such             the Navy and not of the operating forces of the
 leadership shall be exercised in order to achieve            Marine Corps. Under conditions prescribed by a
a positive,    dominant    influence   on the per-            superior, offkma not eligible m command and
 formance of persons in the Department of the                 qualitled enlisted personnel may be assigned a
 Navy.                                                        day’s command duty.

0803.    Presence of Officer       Eligible   to
                                                              080.4.   Organization     of Commands.
         Command.
                                                              All commands      and other activities    of Lhe
1. Except    as otherwise        provided     herein     or
                                                              Department of the Navy shall be organized and
otherwise    authorized     by the Chief of Naval
                                                              administered in accordance   with law, United
Operations or the Commandant of the Marine
                                                              States Navy Regulations,    and the orders of
Corps, as appropriate,          at least one officer,
                                                              competent     authority.     All   orders    and
whether in command or eligible to succeed to
                                                              instructions of the commanding ot%cer shall be
command, shall be present and ready for duty at
                                                              in accordance therewith.
each commsnd (activity, unit or office).           In the
absence    of the commanding            officer   or the
                                                              0S05.    Effective    Organized      Force     Always
executive    officer, or both, their duties shall
                                                                       Preseni
devolve    upon the officer        next in rank and
eligible LOsucceed to command who is attached                 U rider no circumstances shall any ship or station
to and present in the command.                An officer      be left without an organized force that will be
detailed   for a day’s duty for the purpose of                effective in any emergency, and, consistent with
assuming the commanding ofRcer’s duties in the                existing requirements,     capable  of ensuring
absence of the commanding             officer shall be        satisfactory operation.
known as the Command Duty Ofticer.                  Upon
request of the officer senior in rank, eligible ta            0806. Relationship      With Executive       Officer.
succeed LO command, who is attached to and
                                                              The commanding ofticer shall keep the executive
present in the command, the Command Duty
                                                              officer informed of the commanding            officer’s
Ofllcer shall defer ta that officer. An officer who
                                                              policies, and normally shall issue all orders
succeeds to command or is detailed Lo assume
                                                              relative to the duties of the command through
the commanding        officer’s    duties during the
                                                              Lhe executive        officer.      Normally,         the
t.emparary absence af the commanding               ofticer
                                                              commanding      officer    shall require     that all
shall    make      no changes       in tbe existing
                                                              communications        of an official    nature from
organization      and shall endeavor to have }he
                                                              subordinates    to the commanding          officer     be
routine and other affairs of the command carried
                                                              transmitted    through       the executive     officer.
on in the usual manner.
                                                              Convening      authorities,       however,        shall
2. A superior, of flag or general grade, shall                communicate     directly with their staff judge
determine     the presence      of the officer    in          advocates or legal oflicers in matters relating La
command or ofllcer or offlcera eligible la succeed            the administration of military justice.
to command       and ready     for duty at each
command or unit of the operating forces of the                0807. Retieving      Procedures.
Navy and the operating forces of the Marine
                                                              1, A commanding       off]cer about to be relieved      of
Corps.    The commanding       officer may, under
                                                              command will
criteria or conditions prescribed by a superior of
flag or general grade, assign ofiicers not eligible              a. Inspect the command in company with the
tn succeed ta command and qualified enlisted                  relieving 00icer.




46
                                        THE COMMANDING           OFFICER



        b. In the case of a ship, and within other          ceremonies       and distinctions         accorded        a   ““
     commands where appropriate, cause the crew to          commanding      officer.
1.   be exercised   in the presence     of both the
                                                            3. The ofiicer being relieved         will prepare     a
     commanding ofticer and tbe relieving officer at
                                                            report of transfer       of command        listing  any
     general quarters and general    drills, unless
                                                            unsatisfactory conditions within the command
     conditions   render    it impracticable      or
                                                            having the patential to affect adversely safety,
     inadvisable.
                                                            well-being,      readiness,    fiscal    integrity    or
        c. Point out any defects or peculiarities     of    command        performance,      and specifying        a
     the command, noting particularly deficiencies in       proposed plan to correct them.             The officer
     safety,    operational    readiness,   training,       succeeding h command will endorse this repmt
     habitability or material conditions, and account       ff the officer assuming command does not concur
     for them to the relieving aftlcer.                     in the repart, that officer will specify wherein
                                                            the report is inaccurate or inmmplete and will
         d. Deliver to his or her relief all unexecuted
                                                            provide      the officer    being      relieved     the
     orders, al I regulations and orders in force and all
     official   correspondence      and information         Op@rtunity ~ make explanation.         The officer
                                                            assuming     command      will repart the actual
     concerning     the command and the personnel
                                                            transfer of command        as part of his or her
     thereof as may be of service to the relieving
                                                            endorsement.    For a commsnd of the opsr-sting
     off]cer, The commanding officer will not remove
                                                            forces of the Navy, a report of a normal, routine
     the original records of official correspondence,
                                                            transfer of command will he addressed to the
     original Iettsrs, documents or papere concerning
                                                            immsdiats supsrior in command, with copies @
     the command and personnel thereof, but may
                                                            the chain of command.      A report that identiIles
     retiin authenticated capies thersof.
                                                            unsatisfactory conditions within the command,
         e. Deliver to his or her relief all documents      or cantains adverse comments with respect m
     required by these regulations la be either kept or     the command’s      state of readiness,     wi II be
     supervised by the commanding officer. If a Navy        forwarded via the chain of command, with a copy
     past office is established within the command,         direct to the Commander in chief of the fleet
     the commanding officer will deliver trrhis or her      cancernsd. For a command not of the opsrating
     relief a current audit of postal accounts and          forces of the Navy, the report shall be addresssd
     effects,                                               to the immediate        superior   of the officer
                                                            succeeding ta command, with capies direct to the
       ‘f.  Deliver all magazine and other keys i“ his
     or her custady to the relieving oflicer,               appropriate   offices which may have a direct
                                                            interest. A copy will be retained by each of the
        g. Cause all Communications          Securily       officers between w horn Lhe transfer of command
     material    charged   to the command       to be       takes place.
     inventoried in accordance with the provisions of
     the Communications     Security Material System        4. When an ofi%er detailed as commanding
     Manual.                                                officer reports ta a command having no regularly
                                                            detailed commanding       offxcer, the procedure
        h. Submit repark+ of fitaess of officers and
                                                            preaa-@ad in the preceding paragraphs of this
     sign all log baoks, journals and other documents
                                                            article will be followed, insofar as is consistent
     requiring his or her signature up to the date of
                                                            with the circumstances.
     his or her relief.

        i. At the time of turning over command, the
     commanding offker to be relieved will csll a 11        0i30t?.   Inspections,   Muster     a“d   Sighting    of
     hands ta muster, read the orders of detachment                   Personnel.
     and turn over the command to his or her relief,
                                                            1, The commanding officer shall hold periodic
     who will read the orders of relief and assume
                                                            inspections   of the material condition    of the
     command.    At shore activities, this procedure
                                                            command,     not on weekends    or holidays,    to
     may bs modifkd as appropriate.
                                                            determine deficiencies and cleanliness.     When
     2. The officer   relieved,   although    without       the size of the command precludes completion of
     authority after turning over the command, is,          the inspection     in a reasonable    time,   the
     until ~lnal departure,     entitled   to all the



I                                                                                                                49
                                   THE COMMANDING         OFFICER



commanding     oficer shall designate zones LObe      sufficiently in advance to permit them 10 take
inspected   by heads of departments       or other    such steps as they deem appropriate.
responsible off?mers, snd shall personally inspect
                                                         b, Such persons shall noL be released         in
at least one zone, alLernaLing zones in order that
                                                      territory noL under the jurisdiction of tha United
the commanding       officer inspects  the entire
                                                      Smles withoul first obtaining the consent of the
command at minimum inLervak.
                                                      proper foreign auLhoriLies, except where Lhe
2. ‘The commanding ofl_Icer shall ensure that,        investigation shows that the person entered Lhe
consistent with heir employment, Lhe personnel        command from territory of the foreign state, or
of the command present at all Limes a neat, clean     that the person is a citizen or subject of that
and military appearance. To assist in attsining       state.
this standard of appearance,     the commanding
                                                      3. lf the invesLigaLion indicates thaL such person
officer shall, in the absence       of operational
                                                      has committed      or aLtempLed to commit       an
exigency,    hold periodic personnel inspections.
                                                      offense punishable under the authority      of the
Saturday inspections may be held at sea and, in
                                                      commanding ofiicer, Lhe latter shall take such
port and ashore, with personnel in duty status as
                                                      action as he or she deems necessary.
participants.   Otherwise, inspections shall not be
held on weekenda or holidays.                         4, If Lhe investigation indicatss LhaLsuch person
                                                      is a fugitive from justice, & has committed or
3. The commanding officer shall require a daily
                                                      attempted ta commit an offense which requires
repart of all persons confined, a statement of
                                                      actions beyond Lhe authority of the commanding
their offenses, find the daLes of their confinement
                                                      oficer, the latter shall, at the first opportunity,
and release.
                                                      deliver such person, together with a sLatemenLof
4. The presence of al I persons attached to the       the circumstances,        LO the proper       civil
command shall be accounted for daily. Persons         authorities.
who have not been sighted by a responsible
                                                      5. In all cases under paragraph ‘t of Lhls artic}e,
senior shall be reported absent.
                                                      a repart shall be made promptly to the Chief of
5, The prohibitions   concerning   weekend or         Naval Operations or the Commandant          of the
holiday inspections do nol apply to commands          hlarine Corps, as appropriate.
engaged   in training reservists, and to other
                                                      0810.   Rules for Visits.
commands with the consentaf a superior.
                                                      1. Commanding offkers are responsible for the
0809.    Persons Found     Under Incriminating        control of visitors w their commands and shall
         Circumstances.                               comply with the relevant provisions of Depart-
                                                      ment of the Navy directives         concerning
1, The commanding      officer shall keep under       classified information and physical securiLy.
restraint  or suneillance,    as necessary,   any
                                                      2. Commanding       officers shall   take such
person noL in the armed services of the United
                                                      measures     and impose such restrictions      on
States who is found under incriminating          or
                                                      visitors   as are necessary   to safeguard    the
irregular circumstarices within the command,
                                                      classified  material under their jurisdiction,
and shall immediately iniLiaLe an investigation.
                                                      Arrangements for general visiting shall always
2. Should an tirestigation   indicaLe that such       be made with due regard for physical security
person is not a fugitive from justice, or has not     and based on the assumption that forei~ agents
committed    or attempted tn commit an offense,       will be among the visitors.
the person shall be released aL the earliest
                                                      3. Commanding     off]cers and others officially
opportunity, except
                                                      concerned shall exercise    reasonable   care to
    a. If the person is not a citizen of Lhe United   safeguard the persons and property of visitors ta
 Ststes, and the place of release is under the        naval activities     as well as taking     those
jurisdiction   of the United States, the nearest      necessary precautions LOsafeguard the persons
 Federal     immigration    authorities   shall be    and property within the command.
 notiLied as to the time and place of release




50
                                             THE COMMANDING         OFFICER



0811.     Dealers.     Tradesmen           and Agents.          Commandant       of the Marine         Corps,    as    :
                                                                appropriate shall immediate}:
1. In general, dealers or tradesmen or their
agents shall not be admitted within a command,                     a. cause an appropriate preliminary inqui~
except as authorized by the commanding otXcex                   to be made to determine     whether criminal
                                                                investigation is warranted, and if so, request
   a.   to conduct public business;                  ,
                                                                appropriate    investigative     support from the
   b. to transact      private    business               with   Naval Investigative      Service,   other military
individuals at the request of the latteq or                     organizations, or other Federal agencies;

   c. to furnish services and supplies which are                  b. notify the Navy Accounting and Finance
necessary       and are not otherwise,    or are                Center,  the Chief  of Naval    Operations.
insuf?’iciently, available h the personnel of the               Commander, Naval Supply Systems Command
command.                                                        and the Commandant of the Marine Corps, as

2. Personal commercial      solicitation  and the               aPPWria@,    and appropriate   sqsriom,   -d
conduct of commercial transactions are governed                    c. recommend or convene an administrative
by policies of the Department of Defense.                       fact-finding body under the provisions    of the
                                                                Manual of the Judge Advocats General and, in
0S12.     Postal     Mattsrs.                                   case of loss or excess of proWrty, a Board of
                                                                Survey      under  the regulations     of    the
Commanding ofiicers shall ensure that mail and
                                                                Commander, Naval Supply S}~ms      Command.
postal funds are administered       in accordance
with instructions   issued by the Postmaster
General and approved for the naval service by
the Chief of h’aval Operations, and instructions                0815.   Deaths.
issued by the Chief of Naval Operations,       the
                                                                The commanding      officer, in the event of the
Chief of Naval Personnel or the Commandant of
                                                                death of any person within his or her command,
the Marine Corps, as appropriate;        and that
                                                                shall ensure that the cause of death and the
postal clerks or other persons authorized        to
                                                                circumstances   under which death OCcun.ed are
handle mail perform their duties strictly        in
                                                                established,   and that the provisions      of the
accordance with those instructions.
                                                                hfanual of the Judge Advorxte        General   are
                                                                adhered    to in documenting      the cause    and
0813.    Safeguarding           Official    Funds.
                                                                circumstances of the death and in submitting
[n the event of the death, unauthorized absence,                the appropriate casualty repro-?.
or mental incapacity,         as determined     by the
commanding        officer on advice of a medical                0816. The American      National   Red Cross
officer, of a person charged with pecuniary
                                                                 1. Pursuant to the rsqusst of the .%crstary      of
responsibility    for ofilcial funds or Government
                                                                the Navy, and subject to such instructions as the
property, or if it is necessary to relieve such
                                                                Secretary may issue, the $ merican National
person for any cause,           including   arrest  or
                                                                Red Cross is authorized t.a conduct a program of
suspension, the commanding officer shall take
                                                                welfare. including social. financial, medkd     and
immediate      steps to safeguard       such funds or
                                                                dental aid, for naval personnel:      to assist   in
property in accordance          with the procedures
                                                                matters pertaining to prisoners of wac and to
prescribed by the Comptroller of the Navy and
                                                                provide such other services as are appropriate
other compstent authority,
                                                                functions for the Red Cross.      The    Americaz
                                                                National Red Cross is the only .olunteer society
0814.   Deficit    or Excess      of Pu btic Property.
                                                                authorized by the Covernmeni w render medical
1. Whenever it appsars that a deficit or excess                 and dental aid I-Othe armed fomss of the L~nited
exists in public money or property in the custody               S.atss. Other organizations    d&ring to render
of a person under his or her command,          the              medical and dental aid may da w only through
commanding      officer,  unless excused   under                the Red Cross.
regulations of the Comptroller of the Navy, the
                                                                2. Requests for Red Cross serricss shall & made
Judge Advocate       General,   the Commander,
                                                                to the Chief of h’aval      Personnel    or the
Naval    Supply    Systems    Command,    or the



                                                                                                                51
                                       THE COMMANDING            OFFICER
I
    Commandant of the Marine Corps or, in Lhe case        receiving    church   parLies as appropriate            and
    of medical ssrvices, to Lhe Commander, Naval          practicable.
    hledical Command.
                                                          0818.    Publishing   and Posting       Orders        and
     3. Activities  and personnel of the American
                                                                   Regulations.
     National Rsd Cross in areas subject to naval
    jurisdiction shall conform b such administrative      1. [n accordance with Article 137 of Lhe Uniform
     r&ulations as may be prescribed by appropriate       Code of Military Justice, the arLic]es specifically
     naval authority.                                     enumerated therein shall be carefully explained
                                                          to each enlistsd person:
    4. Red Cross personnel shall be considered to
    have the status of commissioned officers., subject       a. at the Lime or entrance         on active duty or
    to such restrictions as may be impwsd by the          within six days Lhereafte~
    Chief of Naval Personnel or the Commandant of
                                                             b. again, after      completion      of six    months
    the Marine Corps.
                                                          active duty; and

    0817.   Observance    of Sunday.                         c. again,     upon     the   occasion         of   each
                                                          reenlistment.
    1. Except by reason of necessity        or in the
    inlerest   of the welfare    and morale     of the    2. A text of the articles specifically enumerated
    command, the performance of work shall noL he         in Article 137 of the Uniform Code of .Military
    required    on Sunday,     Except by reason of        Justice shall be posted in a conspicuous place or
    necessity, ships shal I noL be sailed nor units of    places, readily accessible ti all personnel of the
    aircraft or t-maps be deployed on Sunday. The         command.
    provisions of this paragraph need noL apply h?
    commands       engaged    in training     reserve     3. Instruction concerning the Uniform Code of
    components of the ,Navy and hiarine Corps.            Military Justice and appropriate     articles   of
                                                          Navy Regulations     shall be included     in Lhe
    2. Divine services shall be conducted on Sunday
                                                          training    and educational   program      of the
    if possible.   All assistance and encouragement
                                                          command.
    shall be given to chaplains in the conduct of
    these services,      and music shall he made
                                                          4. Such general orders, orders from higher
    available,   if practicable.    Chaplains shall be
                                                          authority    and oLher matLers        which    the
    permitted to conduct public worship acccmchng to
                                                          commanding officer considem of interest h Lhe
    the manner and forms of the church of which
                                                          personnel or proti-ble for them b know shall be
    they are members.        A suitable space shall be
                                                          published    Lo the command         as soon     as
    designated and properly rigged for Lbe occasion,
                                                          practicable.  Such maLters shall also be posted,
    and quieL shall be maintained throughout the
                                                          in whole or in part, in a conspicuous place or
    vicinity during divine services.      The religious
                                                          places readily accessible   to personnel    of the
    preferences and the varying religious needs of
                                                          command.
    individuals     shall be recognized,     respected,
    encouraged and ministered        to as practicable.
                                                          5. Upon the request of any person on active duty
    Daily rouLine in ships and activities shall be
                                                          in the armed services, the following publications
    modifkd on Sunday, as practicable, w achieve
                                                          shall be made available        for tha L person’s
    this end.
                                                          psrsonal examination:
    3. When there is no chaplain attached to the
                                                            a. a complets       taxt of Lhe Llniform        Code of
    command, Lhe commanding officer shall engage
                                                          Military Justicw
    the services of any naval or military chaplain
    who may bs available, or, failing in this, shall,       b.    Manual for Courts-h! artial;
    when practicable, invite and may remunerate a
                                                            c.    Navy Regulations;
    civilian clergyman ta conducL religious services.
    Services   led by laypersons   are encouraged.          d.    Manual of the Judge AdvocaLe General:
    Provision     shall be made for sending       and
                                                             e. hlarine Corps hlanual          (for Marine Corps
                                                          persm-inel); and




    52
                                      THE COMMANDING       OFFICER



    f. hlilitary Personnel    Manual (for Navy            b. encourage and provide assistance       and         “
personnel) or Marine Corps Personnel Manual            facilities  to the personnel    under his or her
(for Marine Corps personnel).                          command who seek to further their education in
                                                       professional or other subjects;
0819.    Records.
                                                          c. afford frequent     opportunities     to the
The commanding      officer shall require    that      executive oflicer, and Laother oflicers of the ship
records relative  to personnel,   material    and      as practicable,   to improve their skill in ship
operations, as required by current instructions,       handling,
are maintained properly by those responsible
                                                          d. require those lieutenants Qunior grade)
therefor.
                                                       and first lieutenants who have less than two
                                                       years commissioned or warrant service, and all
0820.   Welfare     of Personnel.
                                                       ensigns and second lieutenants:
The commanding      otXcer shall:
                                                             (1) to comply    with    the provisions
   a. use all proper means to foster       high        prescribed for their instruction by the Chief of
morale, and to develop and strengthen the moral        Naval Operations,    the Commandant       of the
and spiritual well-being of the personnel under        Marine Corps, or other appropriate authorities;
his or her command, and ensure that chaplains          and
are provided the necessary logistic support for
                                                             (2) to receive  appropriate       practical
carrying out the command% religious programs
                                                       instruction, as the commanding     oflicer deems
to provide maximum opportunity      for the free
                                                       advisable, and to be detailed ta as many duties
exercise of religion by members of the naval
                                                       successively as maybe practicable.
service;
                                                           e. when practicable,        designate   a senior
   b. maintain a satisfactory     state of health
                                                       officer or ofllcers to act as advisors to junior
and physical fitness of the personnel under his or
                                                       officers. These senior officers shall assist junior
her command;
                                                       officers to a proper understanding           of their
   c. afford an opportunity,       with reasonable     responsibilities   and duties, and shall endeavor
restrictions   as    to time and place, for Lhe        to cultivate in them officer-like qualities, a sense
personnel under his or her command to make             of loyalty and honor, and an appreciation           of
requests,    reports     or sLatemen Ls to the         naval customs and professional ethics.
commanding officer, and shall ensure that they
                                                       0822.   Delivery of Personnel  to Civil
understand    the procedures     for making such
                                                               Authorities and Service of Sub-
requests, reports or statements;
                                                               poenas or Other Process.
   d. ensure that noteworthy performances         of
                                                       1. Commanding    officers or other persons   in
duty of personnel under his or her command
                                                       authority shall not deliver any person in the
receive timely and appropriate recognition and
                                                       naval service to civil authorities   except as
that suitable notations are entered in the official
                                                       provided by the .Manual of’ the Judge Advocats
records of the individuals, and
                                                       General.
   e. ensure that timely advancement in raLing
                                                       2. Commanding      officers are authorized     to
or en] is ted persons is effected in accordance with
                                                       permit the service of subpoenas or other process
existing instructions.
                                                       as provided    by the Manual     of the Judge
                                                       Advocate General.
0821.   Training     and Education.

The commanding      oflicer shall:                     0S23.   Defivery   of Orders   to Personnel.

   a. endeavor to increase Lhe specialized and         The commanding officer shall not withhold any
general professional knowledge of the personnel        orders or other communications    received from
under his or her command         by the frequent       higher authority for any person under his or her
conduct of drills, classes and instructiorr, and by    command, except for goad and suffkient reasons,
the utilization of appropriate fleet and service       which he or she shall at once report to such
schools,                                               higher authority. Communications of a personal




                                                                                                         53
                                     THE COMMANDING           OFFICER



rtature may be withheld  by a commanding                  security of the command against dangers         from
ofiicer for good reason until completion OC               tire, windstorms, or other ac~ of nature.
mission or duty.
                                                          0S27.   Effectiveness     for Service.
0624       Use srtd Trsnspos-tation  of
                                                          The commanding      officer shai):
           Marijuana,  Nst-cotics and Drugs.
                                                             a. exert every     effort   to maintain    the
I.” The commanding         officer   shall conduct    a
                                                          command in a state of maximum effectiveness
rigorous     program     to prevent       the illegal
                                                          for war or other service consistent      with the
introduction,    transfer,     possession    or use of
                                                          degree of readiness as may be prescribed       by
marijuana,      narcotics      or other controlled
                                                          proper authority.    Effectiveness for service is
suhstices     as dsfmed in these regtdations.      The
                                                          directly related to the state of personnel    and
program shall include publicity and instruction
                                                          material readiness; and
covering
                                                             b. make him or herse}f aware of the progress
     a.   The dangers involved in drug abuse.
                                                          of any repairs, the status of spares, repair parts
   b. The Federal, state and local criminal               and other components, personnel readiness and
liabilities which may result from introduction,           other factors or conditions that could lessen the
possession, transfer or use, including penalties          effectiveness of his or her command.     When the
under the Uniform Code of Military Justice and            effectiveness is lessened appreciably,   that fact
other provisions of law ta which individuals may          shall be reportad LO appropriate superiors.
be subjected.
                                                          0826.   Search   by Foreign     Atttborities.
   c. The sd-trative        measures, including
discharge    under    other    than  honorable            1. The commanding officer shall not permit a
conditions, wh]r.b may result.                            ship under his or her command to be searched on
                                                          any pretense        whatsoever    by any person
2. The commanding ofllcer shall exercise utmost
                                                          representing a foreign state, nor permit any of
diligence  in preventing illegal importation  of
                                                          the personnel within the co filnes of his or her
marijuana,     narcotics  or other controlled
                                                          command t.a be removed from the command by
substances on board the command.
                                                          any such person, so long as he or she has the
                                                          capacity to repal such act. If force should be
0825.      Safety   Precautions.
                                                          exerted LOcompsl submission, the commanding
The commanding        officer  shall require that         ofllcer is to resist that force LOthe utmost of hls
psrsons concerned are instructed and drilled in           or her power.
all applicable ssfety precautions and procedures,
                                                          2. Except as may be provided by international
that these     are complied      with,  and that
                                                          agreement, the comrnandktg officer of a shore
applicable    safety precautions,   or extracts           activity shall not permit his or her command to
therefrom, are posted in appropriate places. In
                                                          be searched by any person representing a foreign
any instance where safety precautions have not
                                                          state, nor permit any of the personnel within the
been issued, or sre incomplete, the commanding
                                                          contltes of his or her command tn be removed
oftlcer  shall issue or augment     such safety
                                                          from the command by such person, so long as he
precautions as are deemed necessary, notifying,
                                                          or she has the pawer to resist.
when appropriate, higher authorities concerned.

                                                          0829.   Prisoners    of War.
0826.      Physicrd   Security.
                                                          On taking or receiving     prisoners of war, the
I. The    commanding      officer   shall    take
                                                          commanding     officer shall ensure that such
appropriate   action to safeguard personnel,     to
                                                          prisoners are treated with humanity; that their
prevent unauthorized    access to installations,
                                                          personal property is preserved     and protected;
equipment,    material and documents,     and to
                                                          that they are allowed the use of such of their
safeguard    them against    acts of espionage,
                                                          effects as may be necessary for their health; that
sabotage, damage, theft and terrorism.
                                                          they are supplied with proper rations; that they
2. The    commanding     officer  shall   take            are properly guarded and deprived of all means
appropriate action to protsct and maintain the            of escape and revolt; and that the applicable



54
                                   THE COMMANDING         OFFICER



provisions   of Lhe 1949 Geneva Conventions           extensive repairs, or otherwise requires          review
re/aLive to the trwatment of prisoners of war are     or action by higher authoriLy; or
followed,
                                                         d. a shore activity under his or her command
                                                      incurs a serious fire or other material casualLy,
0S30.    Captured   Material.
                                                      or a serious personnel casualty occurs within the
1. On taking possession   of any enemy ship,          command.
aircraft, installation  or oiher property or
equipment, the commanding oflicer shall:              0S32.    Environmental       Pollution.

   a. adopt all possible    measures   to prevent     The commanding officer shall cooperate              with
recapture;                                            Federal,     State    and local     governmental
                                                      authoritie~     in the prevention,      control     and
  b.    secure or remove enemy persannel;
                                                      abatement of environmental        pollution.      If the
   c. secure and preserve the logs, journals,         requirements       of any environmental         law or
signal baaks, codes and ciphers, charts, maps,        regulation     cannot be achieved        because       of
orders, instructions, blueprints, plans, diaries,     operational       considerations,      insufficient
letters and other documents found, and forward        resources or other reason, the commanding
or deliver them at the earliest possible moment       ofllcer shall report ta the immediate superior in
m the designated authority; and                       the chain of command. The commanding oflicer
                                                      should be aware of existing policies regarding
   d. preserve all captured enemy ordnance,
                                                      pollution    control,    and should     recommend
machinery, fire-control   equipment,    e Iectronic
                                                      remedial measures when appropriate.
equipment,    aviation  equipment     and ather
property of passible intelligence  value, unless
                                                      0S33.    Issue of Personal     Necessaries.
destruction is necessary ta prevent recapture,
and make this material promptly awailable for         1. The commanding        officer  is authorized  to
intelligence evaluation or other authorized use.      direct, in writing, the issue of clothing and small
                                                      stores to enlisted    persons in a nonpay status,
2. No captured enemy property, of whatever
                                                      including Lhose in debt Lo the Government,       in
description, may be kept as a souvenir or for
                                                      such amount as he or she deems necessary for
personal use except as specifically provided by
                                                      their health and comfort.
the Secrebry of the Navy.
                                                      2. The commanding            officer   is likewise
0S31.    Casualty   and Damage.
                                                      authorized to direct, in writing, the issue WIsuch
Immediately       after  its occurrence,      the     enlisted persons of certain other necessaries,
commanding     officer shall submit a detailed        including   toilet articles,    in the manner    and
report of the facts w the senior officer present,     amount prescribed by tbe Commander,            Naval
the Chief    of INaval Operations,        or the      Supply Systems Command, or the Commandant
Commandant         of the Marine      Corps,   as     of the Marine Corps.
appropriate, and other superiors when:
                                                      0S34.    Care of Ships, Aircraft,      Vehicles    and
   a. a ship under his or her command touches
                                                               Their Equipment.
the ground (except far landing ships or ships of a
similar   design  making    a landing    without      The commanding       officer   shall cause     such
damage, or for a submarine resting on bottom as       inspections and tests to be made and procedures
part of normal operations);                           carried out as are prescribed         by competent
                                                      authority, together with such others as he or she
    h. a ship under his or her command       has a
                                                      deems     necessary,    to ensure       the proper
collision or other serious accident;
                                                      preservation, repair, maintenance and operation
   c. an aircraft under his or her command is         of any ship, aircraft,       vehicle,    and their
involved in an accident    which necessitates         equipment assigned to hts ar her command.
                                    THE COMMANDING          OFFICER



0835.    Work, Facilities, Supplies or Services         funded in accordance   with regulations      of the
         for Other Government     Departments,          Comptroller of the Navy.
         State or Local Governments,    Foreign
                                                        5. Supplies or services may be furnished       to
         Govern ments, Privats Parties and
                                                        naval vessels and military aircraft of friendly
         M ortde, Welfare and Recreational
                                                        foreign governments (unless otherwise provided
         Activities.
                                                        by law or international treaty or agreement):

1. Work may be done [or or on facilities,      and           a. On a reimbursable   basis without    an
supplies or services furnished to departments           advancement of funds, when in the best interest
and agencies      of the Federal       and State        of the United States
gOvernmenLs,     local  governments,      foreign
                                                              (1) Routine   port services    (including
governments,    private   parties,   and morale,
                                                        pilotage, tugs, garbage removal, Iinehandling
welfare and recreational    activities   with the
                                                        and utilities) in territorial  waters or waters
aPProval of a commanding     oflicer provided:          under Unitad States control.
    a, The cost does not excead limitations the
                                                               (2) Routine airport services (including air
Secretary of the Navy may approve or spacify;
                                                        tratlic control, parking, servicing    and use of
and
                                                        run ways).
     b. In the case of privata parties, it is in the
                                                              (3) Miscellaneous supplies (including fuel,
interest of the government w do so and there is
                                                        provisions, spare parts, and general stores) but
no issue of competition with private industry;
                                                        not ammunition.        Supplies are subject    to
and
                                                        aPPrOVSl of the cognizant    fleet      or   force
    c. In the case of foreign governments,    a         commanders when provided overseas.
disqualification  of a government has not been
                                                              (4) With approval of the Chief of Na\,al
issued for the benefits of L& article.
                                                        Operations in each instance, overhauls, repairs,
2. Work shall not be started nor facilities,            and alterations     together  with necessary
supplies, or services furnishsd morale, welfare,        equipment    and its insta]la LiOn required   in
and recreational     activities not class itled as      connation   therewith, to vessels and military
instrumentalities   of the United States, or state      aircraft.
or local governments or private parties, until
                                                             b. Routine port and airport services maybe
funds to cover the estimatsd      cost have been
                                                        furnishad at no cost to the foreign government
deposited with the commanding oillcer or unless
                                                        concerned where such services are provided by
otherwise provided by law.
                                                        persons of the naval service without direct cost
3. ‘Work shall noL be started, nor facilities,          to the Department of the Navy.
supplies, or services furnished other Federal
                                                        6. In caass of emergency involving possible loss
Government     departments      and agencies,      or
                                                        of life or valuable property, work may be started
expenses charged @ non-appropriated       funds of
                                                        or facilities fumishad prior to authorization, or
morale, welfare    and recreational     activities
                                                        provision for payment, but in all such cases a
classified as instrumentalities     of the United
                                                        detailed report of the facts and circumstances
States, until reimbursable      funding arrange-
                                                        shall be made promptly to the Secretary of the
ments have been made.
                                                        Navy or tn the appropriate authority.
4. Work,    facilities,  supplies,    or services
furnished    non-appropriated      fund activities      7. Charges    and accounting      for any work,
classified  as instrumentalities     of the United      supplies or services shall be as prescribed in the
States in the Navy Comptroller Manual shall be          Navy Comptroller Manual.




56
                                                                      Chapter 8
                               THE COMMANDING                                                     OFFICER
                                 Section 2. Commanding Offkers Afloat


                                                                       Contents


                                                                     AAd.                                                                                               Ariicti
Unauthorized  Personso. Eosrd . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             0S40   ActionWiththeEnemy                                                 . ..... .. . .           0s51
C.nI.rolof Pa=ngers       . ... ... . . . .. . . ... ..               0841   l&sol’a Ship                                                                       .        0s5’2
Auaharity  Over P-engers        .. .. . . .. . ... ...                0842   Gmtimmtim of Authority.%fter
S.elationsWiti Organizations     and                                            Laasmf hipac Aimrafl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                                                                      S                                                                                  0853
                       f
   Miiit.sryPersamml lmba~ked passage for                             0843   Hwpiml Shipor Mdiml AircraR                                              .          ..      0854
Marr&eso. Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           0S44   sun190fs0rIM               .           .               .                         ...        0s55
             o
.Mai.t.enaneef La~s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     08d5   Pilotege . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0856
Statllsofhgs    .. ... .. .. . . .... . .... .. ... .                 0846   SafeNavigationandRegulations
Sqwuibility ofa Mnsierof m                                                      Gwerniog Opermim af
   I.-Service Shipof the Military                                               ShipsandAimmft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                     0857
   SaIitl(kmmnd         ... ... . .. .. .... .... ... . .             0847   Enrminga Pwtor tanding at a
Sel.tiom With Merchant     %e.me. . . . . . . . . . . . .             0848      PlaceNm&signeti                     . ... .. ... .. .... .... .. .. ..                   085s
Securityof bfagszinesandof                                                   Quarnmirm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       0859
   DangerousMatarids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0849   C@muand hnm@atio” Im.pectiom . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                      0860
Requestfo: L-utim by BcImd         of
   lnspecumand Survey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         0050




0S40.        Unauthorized              Persons        on Board.                Operations                    when            he      or       she       gives           such
                                                                               authorization.
The commanding officer shall satisfy him- or
herself that there is no unauthorized person on                                0S42.           Authority              Over Passengers.
board before proceeding to sea or commencing a
                                                                               Except     as otherwise       provided    in these
flight.
                                                                               regulations      or in orders      from competent
                                                                               authority, all passengers in a ship or aircraft of
                                                                               the naval service are subject w the authority of
0S41.        Control       of Passengers.
                                                                               the commanding oflicer and shall conform to the
                                                                               internal regulations and routine of the ship or
1.    Control of passage in and protracted visik+
                                                                               aircraft. The commanding officer of such ship or
to aircraft and ships of the Navy by all persons,
                                                                               aircraft shal I take no disciplinary action against
within or without the Department of the Navy,
                                                                               a passenger not in the naval service, other than
shall be exercised     by the Chief of h’aval
                                                                               Lhat authorized by law. The commanding officer
Operations.
                                                                               may, when he or she deems such an action
2.    Nothing in this article shall be interpreted                             necessary for the safety of the ship or aircraft or
as prohibiting the senior ofi3cer presenl fram                                 of an y person embarked, subject a passenger not
authorizing the passage in ships and aircraft of                               in the naval service to such restraint as the
the Navy by such persons as he or she judges                                   circumstances      require    until such time as
necessary in the public interest or in the interest                            delivery to the proper authorities is possible.    A
of humanity.    Tbe senior off]cer present sha II                              report    of the matter shall be made to an
report the circumstances     to the Chief of Naval                             appropriate              superior of the passenger.




                                                                                                                                                                           57
                                  THE COMMANDING          OFFICER



0643.   Relations With Organizations      and         Lhe power to order special or summary courts-
        Military Personnel Embarked       for         martial upan enlisted personnel under his or her
        Passage.                                      command.    Nothing in this paragraph shall be
                                                      construed as impairing the paramount authority
1. Personnel   of the naval service, and other
                                                      of the commanding officer or Lhe ship over a)l
United StaLes armed forces or services,        and
                                                      persons embarked therein.
foreign armed forces are subject to the orders of
the commanding officer of’ the ship or aircraft
commander.     The provisions of this article shall
                                                      0$t4.   Marriages     on Board.
be applied to organizations    and personnel of
foreign armed forces, insofar as is feasible, with    The commanding      officer shall not perform a
regard for their customs and traditions.              marriage ceremony on board his or her ship or
                                                      aircrafL. He or she shall not permit a marriage
2. The commanding officer of the ship or the
                                                      ceremony to be performed on board when the
aircraft commander shall respect Lhe identiLy
                                                      ship or aircratl is outside the territory of the
and integrity of organizational units and   ‘
                                                      United States, excepti
   a. shall have all orders to personnel given
through Lheir respective   chains of command             a. in accordance wiLh local laws and the laws
insofar as practicable;                               of the state, Lerritory or district in which the
                                                      parties are domiciled; and
   b. shall require that personnel    wear the
uniform    which corresponds     as nearly    as         b. in Lhe presence of a diplomatic or consular
practicable to the uniform prescribed for ship’s      offkial of the United States, who has consented
company;                                              m issue Lhe certificates and make the returns
                                                      required by the consular regulations.
   c. may require enlisted persons to perform
their propartionat.e share of mess, walch, palice
and guard duty whenever he or she deems it
                                                      0645.   Maintenance      of Logs.
advisable    to divide    those  duties   among
personnel on board                                    1. A deck log and an engineering   log shall be
                                                      maintained by each ship in commission, and by
   d. may require personnel, when in his or her
                                                      such oLher ships and craft as may be designated
opinion an emergency exists, to perform such
                                                      by the Chief of Naval Operations.
duties as their special knowledge and skill may
enable them to perform; and                           2. A compass record shall be maintained as an
                                                      adjunct La the deck log. An engineer’s bell book
   e. has the power and Lhe authority to order
                                                      shall be maintained      as an adjunct   to the
an offender placed in naval or mili~ry custody
                                                      engineering log.
as is considered desirable, but in all cases where
the offender is b be disembarked for disciplinary     3. The Chief of Naval Operations shall prescribe
action by military authority, the offender shall      regulations    governing    the contents     and
be placed in military custody on board the sh]p       preparation of the deck and engineering logs and
or aircraft, impracticable.                           adjunct records.

3. The foregoing provisions of this article also      4. In Lhe case of a ship or craft equipped with
apply   to the Officer   in Charge,    Military       automated data logging equipment, the records
Detachment, of an in-service ship of Lhe MiIitary     generated   by such equipment       satisfy the
Sealift Command, who is authorized to exercise        requirements of this article.
the powers conferred thereby, subject to the
paramount authority of the master.                    0S46.   Status of Logs.

4. When an organized     uniL is embarked    for      The deck log, the engineering   log, the compass
transportation  only in a ship of the Navy, tbe       record, Lhe bearing book, the engineer’s     bell
oficer in command of such organized unit shall        book and any record generated      by autnmated
retain Lhe authority which he or she passessed        data logging equipment shall each constitute an
oi,er such unit prior to embarkation, including       official record of the command.




58
                                    THE COMhlANDING          OFFICER



0847.    Responsibility  ofa Maaterofan     In.          0848.   Relations   With Merchant     Seamen.
         Service Ship of the Military Sealift
         Command.                                        When in foreign waters, the commanding offker,
                                                         with the approval of the senior officer present,
1. [n an in-service ship of the Military Sealift         may receive on board as supernumeraries       for
Command,        the master’s    responsibility      is   rations and passage
absolute,    except when, and to the extent,
                                                            a. Distressed seamen of the United States
relieved therefrom by competent authority. The
                                                         for passcge to the United States, providad they
authotity of the master is commensurate          with
                                                         bind themselves to be amenable in all respects ta
the master’s responsibility,       The master is
                                                         Navy Regulations.
responsible for the safety of the ship and all
persons on board. He or she is responsible for              b. As prisoners,    seamen from merchant
the safe navigation and technical operation of           vessels of the United States, provided that the
the ship and has paramount authority over all            witnesses necessary to substantiate the charges
persons on board. He or she is responsible for           against the prisoners are receiwd, or adequate
the preparation of the abandon ship bill and has         means adopted to ensure the presence of such
exclusive authority to order the ship abandoned.         witnesses on arrival of the prisoners at the place
The master may, using discretion, and when not           where they are to be delivered       to the civil
contrary     to law or regulations,        delegate      authorities.
authority for operation of shipboard functions to
competent      subordinates.      However,      such     0S49.   Security of Magazines     and of
delegation of authority shall in no way relieve                  Dangerous   Materials
the master of continued responsibility        for the
                                                         1. The commanding        officer    shall   be the
safety, well-being, and efficiency of the ship.
                                                         custodian    of the keys to all spaces           and
2. A\\orders and instructions of the master shall        receptacles   containing  projectiles,   explosives
be in accordance with appropriate laws of the            and radioactive material and, when fitted, of all
United States, and all applicable      orders and        magazine fkmdcoc!is. He or she may designate
regulations   of the Navy, the .Military Sealift         such persons under his or her command @ have
Command,       and the Office      of Personnel          custody of duplicate keys as he or she considers
Management.      A master who departs from the           necessary.   He or she shall prescribe conditions
orders or instructions of competent authority or         under which those persons may grant access to
takes oflicial action contrary to such orders or         such spaces, but otherwise thm spaces shall not
instructions    shall report    immediately   the        be opened      without    the consent       of the
circumstances    to the authority from whom the          commanding ofllcer.
prior orders or instructions were received.
                                                         2. Keys tilliated  with nuclear weapons shall be
3. The master has full authority   to enforce            maintained     and with custody as directed   by
appropriate laws of the United States and all            orders from competent authorky.
applicable orders and regulations of the Navy,
                                                         3. The commanding officer sha!l ensure that,
the Military Sealift Command, and the Ofiice of
                                                         except when undergoing test or overhaul, the
Personnel .Management.      In furtherance of the
                                                         flooding and sprinkling systew are ready for
master’s authority    to enforce the    laws and
                                                         use at all times.
maintain scfety on board his or her ship, the
master may:                                              4. The commanding     ofilcer shall ensure      that
                                                         flammable and other dangerous materials          are
   a. conduct periodic inspections and surprise
                                                         stored and handled in a safe manner.
inspections  throughout   the ship to include
messing and berthing areas; and
                                                         0850.   Request for Inspection by Board         of
   b. conduct searches throughout       the ship,                Inspection and Survey.
including    messing and berthing areas, when
                                                         The commanding officer shall EPOrt to the Chief
there is reasonable suspicion that an ofTense has
                                                         of INaval Operations without delcy whenever the
been committed and the evidence of the offense
                                                         condition of the ship, or any department therein,
will be discovered by the search.
                                                         is such as to require an inspmtin    by the Board




                                                                                                              59
                                        THE COMMA14DiNGOFFlCER



oflnspection and Survey.    Such repert shall be           c. report the circumstances LOthe Secretary
forwarded through of?icial channels and bear the        of the .Navy and the Chief of hlaval Operations
recommendations of the superiors concerned.             as soon as possible.

                                                        0853.   Continuation   of Authority     After    Loss
0851.   Action     With the Enemy.
                                                                of Ship or AircrafL
The commandin~      ofllcer shall:
                                                        When the crew of any naval vessel or naval
   a. Before     going   into battle    or action       aircraft is separated from their vessel or aircraft
communicate to the officers of the command, if          because of its wreck, loss or destruction, all the
possible, his or her plans for battle or action and     command and authority given to the ofiicers of
such other information as may be of operational         the vessel or aircraft shall remain in full force
value should any of them succeed to command.            until the crew shall be regularly discharged or
                                                        reassigned by competent authority.
    b. During action,      station   the executive
officer    where he or she can best aid the
                                                        0854.   Hospital   Ship or Medical    AircrafL
commanding      oilicer, and, if practicable, where
he or she could probably escape the effects of a        1. The commanding officer of a hospital ship or
casualty disabling the commanding ofilcer, and          the commander of a medical aircraft shall be
yet be able to assume command promptly and              responsible far complying with the appropriate
efilciently.                                            provisions of the Geneva Convention          for the
                                                        Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick
   c. During action, engage the enemy to Lhe
                                                        and Shipwrecked Members of the Armed Forces
best of his or her ability. He or she shall not,
                                                        at Sea of 12 August 1949. Where necessary to
without permission, break off action to aSSiSLa
                                                        the fulfillment of this responsibility, a departure
disabled ship m to take possession of a captured
                                                        from other provisions of Navy Regulations          is
one.
                                                        authorized.
   d. Immediately    after a baLtle or action,
                                                        2. One of the central requirements     under the
repair damage so far as possible, exert every
                                                        1949 Geneva Convention       is that the ship or
effort to prepare the command        for further
                                                        aircraft   maintain   a non-combatant     status.
service, and make accurate, explicit and detailed
                                                        Under this Convention, the following conditions
reports as required.
                                                        do not deprive hospital ships or medical aircraft
0S52.   LOSS of a ship.                                 of their non-combatant status:

1. In the case of the loss of a ship,        the           a. The fact that the crews are armed for the
commanding     otlicer shall remain by her with         maintenance of order, for their own defense or
officers and crew so long as necessary and shall        that of the sick and wounded.
save as much Government property as possible.
                                                           b. The presence    on board of apparatus
Every reasonable effort shall be made to save
                                                        exclusively intended to facilitate navigation or
the deck log, personnel diary and pay records of
                                                        unclassified communications.
o~lcers and crew, and other valuable papers.
                                                           c. The discovery on board hospital ships or
2. If it becomes    necessary to abandon the ship,
                                                        in sick bays of partable arms and ammunition
the commanding      officer should be the last person
                                                        taken from the wounded, sick and shipwrecked
to leave.
                                                        and not yet handed to proper authorities.
3. The commanding      officer shall:
                                                           d. The fact that humanitarian     activities of
   a. take all possible precautions to protect the      hospital ships or of the crews extend tm the care
survivors and such Government property as has           of the wounded, sick or shipwrecked persons.
been saved;
                                                           e. The transport     of equipment    and of
   b. report w the nearest United States nawd           personnel   intended  exclusively  for medical
or military  command and request instructions           duties, over and above normal requirements     of
and such assistance as is required; and                 the hospital ship.

                                                        0855.   Status of BoaM.




60
                                                THE COMMANDING            OFFICER


I
     1. Boats shall be regarded       in all matters              except    as prescribed     otherwise     i“ these
,.   concerning the rights, privileges and comity of              regulations    for ships at a naval shipyard        or
     nations as part of the ship or aircraft to which             station, in drydock, or in the Panama Canal.
     they belong.                                                 During     an armed      conflict.    an exercise
                                                                  simulating armed conllict, or an authorized law
     2. In ports where war, insurrection  or armed
                                                                  enforcement activity, competent authority may
     conflict exists or threatens, the commanding
                                                                  modify the use of lights or other safeguards
     ofticer shall:
                                                                  against collision. Except in time of actual armed
        a. require that boats away from the ship or               conilict, such modifications     will be authorized
     aircraft have some appropriate and competen L                only when ships or aircraft clearly will not be
     person in charge; and                                        hazarded.

        b. see that steps are taken             to make   their   2. Professional  standards    and regulations
     nationality evident at all times.                            governing shiphemdli”g,   safe navigation,  safe
                                                                  anchoring and related operational matte= shall
     0856.    Pilotage.                                           be promulgated      by the Chief of Naval
                                                                  Operations.
     1. The commanding         off,cer shall:
                                                                  3. Professional   standards    and regulations
        a. pilot   the ship  under   all ordinary
                                                                  governing the operation of naval aircraft     and
     circumstances, but may employ pilots whenever,
                                                                  related matters shall be promulgated      by the
     in his or her judgment,  such employment     is
                                                                  Chief of Naval Operations or the Camma”bt
     prudent:
                                                                  of the Marine Corps, as appropriate.
        b. not call a pilot on board until the ship is
                                                                  4. The commanding        oftlcer is responsible for
     read y to proceed;
                                                                  ensuring that weather and oceanic effects are
        c. not retain a pilot on board after the ship             considered in the effective and safe operation of
     has reached her destination or a point where the             his or her ship or aircraft.
     pilot is no longer required;
                                                                  0656.     Entering a Port or Landing     at a
        d.   give preference     to a licensed pilot; and
                                                                            Place Not Designated.
        e.   pay pilots no more than the local rates.
                                                                  When a ship or aircraft enters a pm-t or lands at
     2. A pilot     is merely    a“ advisor     to Lhc            a place     nOt designated       or permitted     by
     commanding olTcer. The presence of a pilot on                instructions,    the commanding       officer shall
     board shal I not relieve the commanding otTlcer              promptly report to his or her immediate superior
     or a“y subordinate        from his or her ~e.                the cause for doing so, and an estimate of the
     spansibility for the proper performance     of the           delay which will be incurred. W&n such port or
     duties with which he or she may be charged                   place is within foreign jurisdiction, the nearest
     concerning the navigation and handling of the                United     States    diplomatic      or consular
     ship. For an exception to the provisions of this             representative,   accredited    to the government
     paragraph, see “Rules and Regulations Covering               concerned, shall also be informed.
     :Navigation of the Panama Canal and Adjacent
     Waters,” which directs that the piloL assigned ta            0S59.     Quarantine.
     a vessel in those waters shall have control of the
                                                                   1. The commanding        officer  or aircraft
     navigation and movement of the vessel. Also see
                                                                  commander of a ship or aircraft shall comply
     the provisions of these regdations    concerning
                                                                  with all quarantine regulations end restrictions,
     the navigation of ships at a naval shipyard or
                                                                  United States or foreign, for the part or area
     sLaLie”, or in enteri”gor leaving drydock.
                                                                  within which the shipm aircraft is kxated.

     0857.    Safe Navigation   and Regulations                   2. The commanding       officer   ghall give    all
              Governing   Operation of Ships and                  information    required by authorized     foreign
              Aircraft.                                           ofIlcials,  insofar as permitted    by military
                                                                  security,    and will meet      the quarantine
     1. The commanding officer is responsible for the
                                                                  requirements promulgated by proper autbom-ty
     safe navigation of his or her ship or aircrall,
                                                                  for United States or foreign PO-.       However,
                                    THE COMMANDING           OFFICER



nothing in this article shall be interpreted    as       u the local customs reguiaLiOns of the port,
authorizing   commanding       officers to permit        domestic or foreign, in which the ship or aircraft
onboard inswctions     by foreign o[ticiais, or to       may be, and in all matters relating to such
modify in any manner the provisions of Article           cargo, the procedure       prescribed     for priva Le
0828 of these regulations.                               merchanL vessels and aircraft shall be followed.
                                                         Government-owned       stores or cargo in such ship
3. The commanding        ollicer shall allow no
                                                         or aircraft not landed nor intended to be landed
intercourse with a port or area or with other
                                                         nor in any manner traficked           in, are, by the
ships or aircraft until after consultation  with
                                                         established precedent of international courLesy,
local health authorities when.
                                                         exempt from customs duties, but a declaration of
   a. doubt exists as to the sanitary regulations        such stores or cargo, when required by local
or health conditions or the port or area;                customs     regulations,         shall     be made.
                                                         Commandhg      oflicers shall prevent, as far as
   b. a quarantine    condition   exists aboard the
                                                         possible, disputes with the local authorities in
ship or aircraft or
                                                         such cases, but shall protect the ship or aircraft
  c. coming from a suspected        port or area, or     and the Government-owned           stores and cargo
one actually under quarantine.                           from any search or seizure.

4. No concealment      shall be made or any              3. Upon arrival from a foreign country, at the
circumstance that may subject a ship Or aircr~t          first port of entry in United States territory, the
of the Navy LOquarantine.                                commanding dlicer, or the senior officer or ships
                                                         or aircraft in company, shall noLify the collector
5. Should Lhere appear at any Lime on board a
                                                         of Lhe port. Each individual aboard shall, in
ship or aircraft conditions       which present a
                                                         accordance with customs regulations, submit a
hazard of introduction        of a communicable
                                                         list of articles purchased or oLherwise acquired
disease    outside     the ship or aircraft,    the
                                                         abroad.    Dutiable articles shall not be landed
commanding oflicer or aircraft commander shall
                                                         until the customs oflicer has completed his or
at once report Lhe fact to the senior officer
                                                         her inspection.
present, LOother appropriate higher authorities
and, if in port, to the health authorities having
                                                         4. Commanding       officers of naval vessels and
quarantine     jurisdiction.     The commanding
                                                         commanders      of aircraft transporting        United
oKlcer or aircraft commander shall prevent all
                                                         States civilian and foreign military and civilian
contact-s likely LOspread disease until praLique is
                                                         passengers shall satisfy themselves           Lhat Lhe
received.    The commanding o~:cer of a ship in
                                                         passenger     clearance     requirements         of the
port shall hoist the appropriate signal.
                                                         immigration     and Naturalization        Service are
0S60.   Customs and Iremigration                         complied with upon arrival at paints within the
        1nspections.                                     jurisdiction of the United States. Clearance for
                                                         such passengers by an immigration            officer is
1. The    commanding        orricer      or aircrart
                                                          necessary upon arrival from foreign ports and at
commander       shall   facilitate       any proper
                                                          the completion of movements between any of the
examination    which iL may by Lhe duty of a
                                                          following Continental U nitsd States (including
cuslnms officer or immigration          officer of the
                                                          Alaska and Hawaii), the Canal Zone, Puerto
United States to make on board the ship or
                                                          RICO, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, or
aircraft.   The commanding        officer or aircraft
                                                          other outlying places subject to United Slates
commander shall not permiL a foreign customs
                                                         jurisdiction.    Commanding       officers,   prior 10
officer or immigration       ofllcer    LO make any
                                                          arriving, shall advise the cognizanL naval or
examination    whatsoever, except as hereinafter
                                                          civilian port auLhority of the aforementioned
provided, on board the ship, aircraft or boats
                                                          passengers aboard and shall detain them for
under his or her command.
                                                          clearance as required by the Immigration           and
2. When a ship or aircraft of the h’avy or a              Naturalization Service.
public vessel manned by naval personnel and
                                                         5. The provisions or this article shall not be
operating under the direction of the Department
                                                         construed ta require delaying the movements of
of the Navy is carrying      cargo for private
                                                         any ship or aircraft      of the h’avy  in the
commercial accounL, such cargo shall be subjecL
                                                         performance of her assigned duty.



62
                                                                    Chapter 8
                             THE COMMANDING                                                  OFFICER
                                      Section 3. Special Circumstances
               Subsection A. Ships in Naval Stations and Shipyards


                                                                     Contents


                                                                 A tide                                                                                      Artidz
Movement&Shipsma Nsval SuItim . . . . . . . . .                    0870   InspectionIncidentto Gwmni=oni.g
Responsibility(orSafetyof Shipsand                                          of Ships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    08i3
  Craftat a Naval Stationor Shipyard . . . . . . .                 0871   RelationsWilh Persm.el of
ShipsandCmfti. Drydock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     0872      Navs.lShipyard.arSfatio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 0!374




0870.      Movement              of    Ships        at    a      Naval     naval shipyard, to request such servi=s ~ -
           station.                                                        necessary to ensure the safety of the ship. The
1. No ship or craft            shall be moved or undergo                   commanding ofilcer of tbe naval station or naval
dock trials during            its stay at a naval station,                 shipyard shall be responsible     for providing
                                                                           requested services in a timely and adequate
except by direction            or with the approval of the
commanding officer             of such sbtion.                             manner.

2. A ship arriving at, or departing from, a naval                         3. When a ship or craft not under her own power
station shall be furnished      such assistance,                          is being moved by direction of the commanding
including tugs when available. as in the opinion                          officer of a nai-al shtion or naval shipyard, that
of the commanding officer of the naval station or                         oflicer shall be responsible for any damage that
of the ship may be necessary        for her safe                          may result therefrom. The pilot or other permn
handling.                                                                 designated for the purpose shall be in direct
                                                                          charge of such movement, and al I persons on
0871.      Responsibility  for Safety of Ships                            board shall cooperate with and assist the pilot as
           and Craft at a Naval Station or                                necessary.    Responsibility for such actions in a
                                                                          private shipyard will be assigned by contract to
           Shipyard.
                                                                          the contractor.
 1. The commanding officer of a naval station or
naval shipyard shal I be responsible for the care                         4. When a ship operating under her own power
                                                                          is being drydocked, the commmding aficer shall
and safety of all ships and craft at such station or
                                                                          be fully responsible for the safety of the ship
shipyard not under a commanding           ofiicer or
                                                                          until the extremity of the ship first t.a enter the
assigned to another authority,         and for any
damage that may be done by or to them.            In                      drydock reaches the dock sil I and the ship is
addilion,  the commanding       officer of a naval                        pointed fair for entering    the drydock.      The
                                                                          docking officer shall then take charge          and
station or shipyard shall be responsible for the
safe execution     of work performed        by that                       complete the docking, remaining in charge until
activity upon any ship located at the activity.                           the ship has been properly landed, bilge blocks
                                                                          hauled,    and the dock pumped        down.      In
2. It shall   be the responsibility      of the                           undocking,    the docking officer shall assume
commanding     officer of a ship in commission                            charge when flooding the dock preparatory         to
which is undergoing      overhaul,  or which is                           undocking is started, and shall remain in charge
otherwise   immobilized   at a naval station or                           until the extremity of the ship last & leave the




                                                                                                                                                              63
                                     THE COMMANDING           OFFICER



dock clears the sill, and Lhe ship is pointed fair        weights on board which have been made by the
for leaving    the drydock,     when the ship’s           ship’s force while in dock, and shall ensure, and
commanding officer shall assume responsibility            so report, that all sea valves and other openings
for the safety and control of the ship.                   in Lhe ship’s bottom are properly closed.     The
                                                          level of water in the dock shall not be permitted
5. When a naval ship is m be drydocked in a
                                                          to rise above the keel blocks prior to receipt of
private      shipyard    under a contract       being
                                                          this report. The above valves and openings shall
administered       by a supervisor of shipbuilding,
                                                          be Lendsd during flooding of the dock.
the responsibilities     of the commanding      officer
are the same as in the case of drydocking in a            3. When a ship or craft, not in commission, is in
naval shipyard.        The responsibilities    for the    a naval drydock, Lhe provisions of Lhis article
safety     of the acLual drydocking,        normally      shall apply, except tha L the commanding officer
assigned to the commanding otlicer of a naval             of Lhe docking activity or area representative
shipyard through the docking officer, will be             shall act in the capacity of the commanding
assigned by contract to the contractor.             The   officer of the ship or craft.
supervisor       of shipbuilding    is responsible,
                                                          4. When a naval SKIP or craft is in drydock in a
however,       for ensuring    that the contractor
                                                          private shipyard,    responsibility   for actions
facilities, methods, operations and qualifkations
                                                          normally assigned to the commanding officer of
meet the standards of efficiency           and safety
                                                          the docking activity will be assigned by contract
prescribed by Savy directives.
                                                          to the contractor.
6. If the ship is elsewhere    than at a naval
station or naval shipyard,     the relationship           0873.   Inspection  Incident   to Commis-
between     the commanding     officer  and the                   sioning of Ships.
supervisor of shipbuilding, or other appropriate
                                                          When a ship is to be commissioned,              the
official, shall be the same as that between the
                                                          aulhority   designated    LO place such ship in
commanding officer and the commanding oficer
                                                          commission shall, just prior to commissioning,
of a naval swtion or naval shipyard as spsc~led
                                                          cause an inspection to be made to determine the
in this article.
                                                          cleanliness and readiness of the ship ICIreceive
                                                          its crew and outtit. In the case of the delivery of
0872.    Ships snd Craft in Drydock.
                                                          a ship by a contractor, the above inspection shall
1. The commanding of!icer of a ship in drydock            precede acceptance of the ship. A copY of the
shall be responsible     for effecting   adequate         report of this inspection shall be furnished the
closure, during such periods as they will be              officer detailed to command the ship and to
unattended, of all openings in the ship’s bottom          appropriate commands or oftices.
upon which no work is being undertaken by Lhe
docking activity. The commanding ofiker of the            0874.   Re\ationa With Personnel      of N avai
docking   activity shall be responsible     for the               Shipyard or Station.
closing, at the end of working hours, of all valves
                                                          Except in matters coming within the security
and other opsnings in the ship’s bottom upon
                                                          and safety    regulations    of the ship,    the
which work is being undertaken by the docking
                                                          commanding offxcer shall exercise no control
activity, when such closing is practicable.
                                                          over the officers    or employees  of a naval
2. Prior to undocking, the commanding otlicer of          shipyard or station where his or her ship is
a ship shall report to the docking officer any            moored, except with the permission        of the
material changes in the amount and location of            commander of the naval shipyard or station.




64
                                                                     Chapter 8
                               THE COMMANDING                                          OFFICER
                             Section 3. Special Circumstances
                     Subsection B. Prospective Commanding Oi%cers


                                                                      Contents


                                                                    AAdz                                                       Ard&
Duties of the Prrxpective Commanding                                        Reparing for%   A&r Commissioning    . .   ... .   08S2
  Ofticerofs Ship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0880   Perumnel Organized md Stationed ....        . .    0S33
Commissionin~ and Assuming Comnm”d                                   0881




0SS0.       Duties  of the                Prospective               Com-     supervisor of shipbuilding     as he or she deems
            manding Officer               of a Ship.                         appropriate;
1. Except as may be prescribed by the Chief of                                 d. ensure that requisitions are submitted for
Nava I Operations, the prospective commanding                               articles   to outfit the ship which     are not
offzcer of a skip not yet commissioned shall have                           otherwise being provided,
no independent authority over the preparation
                                                                                e. prepare the organization   of the ship;
of the ship for service by virtue of assignment to
such duty, until the ship is commissioned      and                              f. train the nucleus crew @ effectively and
placed    under    his or her command.        The                           efficiently take charge of and operate the ship
prospective commanding offtcer shall:                                       upon commissioning, and

   a. procure from the commander of the naval                                   g. make such reports as may be required          by
shipyard or the supervisor of shipbuilding   the                             higher   authority,  and include   therein           a
general arrangement plans of the ship, and al I                              statement of any deficiency    in material          or
pertinent information   relative to the general                              personnel.
condition   of’ the ship and the work being
                                                                            2. [f the prospective commanding ofi%er does not
undertaken      on the hull,    machinery   and
                                                                            consider the ship in proper condition        to be
equipment, upon reporting for duty;
                                                                            commissioned at the time the commander of the
   b. inspect the ship as soon after report.kg for                          naval shipyard or the supervisor of shipbuilding
duty as practicable, and frequently thereafter, in                          signf]es the intention of transferring the ship to
order to keep him- or herself informed of the                               the prospective commanding offker, he or she
state of her preparation for service. If, during the                        shall report that conclusion    with the reasom
course of these inspections he or she notes any                             therefor, in writing, ta the commander      of the
unsafe or potentially unsafe condition, he or she                           naval    shipyard     or to the supervisor      of
shall report such fact to the commander of the                              shipbuilding    and to the appropriate    higher
naval shipyard or the supervisor of shipbuilding                            authority,
and to his or her superior for resolution;
                                                                            3. If the ship is elsewhere      than at a naval
   c. keep him- or herself informed as to the                               shipyard,      the relationship      between  the
progress of the work being done, including tests                            prospective      commanding     officer   end the
of equipment, and make such recommendations                                 supervisor of shipbuilding, or other appropriate
to the commander of the naval shipyard or the                               official. shall be the same as that between the




                                                                                                                                El
                                        THE COMMANDING           OFFICER



prospective       commanding       officer    and      the      c. the officer effecting the transfer shall cause
commander       of a naval   shipyard   as specified    in   the national ensign and the proper insignia of
this article.                                                command to be hoisted. with the appropriate
                                                             ceremonies, and shall turn the ship over to the
4. The Chief of Naval Operations          shall be
                                                             prospective mmmanding off]ceq and
responsible      for providing    the commanding
offxcer or prospective commanding officer of a                  d. the prospective commanding officer shall
naval nuclear powered ship with the authority                read his or her orders, assume command, and
and direction necessary to carry out his or her              cause the watch to be set.
responsibilities    for the safety of the ship and
crew, and the health and safety of the general               0682.   Preparing   for Sea After
public in the surrounding area.                                      Commissioning.

                                                             In preparing      the ship for sea after com-
0681.    Commissioning         and Assuming
                                                             missioning,     the commanding    officer   shall
         Command.
                                                             endeavor tn discover and correct any defect or
                                                             inadequacy     in the crew or in the ship, her
A ship shall be transferred to the prospective
                                                             installations,    equipment,  ammunition      and
commanding officer and placed in commission in
                                                             stores and shall ensure that all installations
accordance with the following procedure
                                                             and equipment can be operated satisfactorily    by
   a. the formal transfer shall be effected by the           the crew.
supervisory   authority   or a designated     rep-
resentative,                                                 08S3.   Personnel   Organized    and Stationed.

   b. as many of the officers and crew of the ship           Before departure for sea, the commanding offmer
as circumstances permit, and a guard and music,              shall ensure that the ooicers and crew have bee”
shall be assembled and properly distribukd on                properly organized, stationed and trained to cope
the quarterdeck    or other suitable part of the             effectively with any emergency that might arise
ship,                                                        in the normal course of scheduled operations.




66
          Chapter 9

THE SENIOR OFFICER PRESENT




                             67
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68
I\                               THE SENIOR OFFICER PRESENT
                                                                                   Chapter 9




                                                                                    Contents

                                                                                Al-tic!,                                                                                        Artide
     The Se.i.r Oficer Premn& . . . . .                 . .. ... .. ..            090I     Leave mndtiberty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        0921
     EligibiKty for Commmndu:%m                                                   0902     ShcmsPaLml . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0s22
     Authority aad&svwibthty         ....               .... ....... .            0903     Precaut.ionsfor Hea!th . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          0923
     Authority .C3enim Otlker of &                                                         Medical or Oe”tal Aid m Persons
         M.mioe Corps Present . . . . .                   . .. . .....            0904        Notinthe Naval Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 0924
     To Make Known Identity as                                                             Assisfxme m Person.%Ships and
        Senior OITicerPre.se.1        .                                           0905        Aircrafi in Distress      ..... ................... ..
     &ports and Calls by Jwiom      .. ..                .... .                            &Pairs taMerchant Vessels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 0s26
     Commands Owerted by the                                                                                      tu
                                                                                           Detail of Suhordimnce Periorm
        SeniorOOicerPresent . . . . . . . . . . .                                 0907        Administrativ eDuties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  0927
              W     Canmvmds . . . . . . . . . . .
     A. LhoriLy iLhin                                                             0908     ~e%niOr Off,cerpr=.t~mL                    .. .....                                   0928
     Distinctions Ashore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            0909         ions Between the senior 00icer
                                                                                           Selm.
     GmcerI of Actio” With Otier                                                              Present a“d the Senior Officer
         ArmedForces     .............................                            0910        Prese”LArlOllt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     0229
     Se fations Wi!h Oiplornatic and                                                       Authority a“d Rcspmsibility of the
         GmsularI tcpre5enmLives                                                  0911        Se.iOr Otlicer Resent tiOat                . . . .. . . ... ... . . . . .          0930
     (%nnwnicmlion With S’.meignOffuiak                                           0912     %Imi.m Wilh Cammandem Ashore . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                              0s3 1
     Coordinntio. procedures Esrablishcd by a                                              Juoiot’s m Obtain Permission Fromthe
                             ander
         Unified .rSpecMbxiCamm                             . .                   0913       SeniOr Oficer Present . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .                0s32
     Violations or [nternesio.al                                                           Authorityu Aker Organization                . .....                                   0933
         Lawand Tremies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0914      Exercise .fPowerofCc.nsul          . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .       0s34
     Useorforce Agsirut Another SUw                                              0915      File oftie&nior Oficerfi~.z               Afloat . . . . . . . . . . . .              0s35
     Territorial lnkgrity of Foreign Nations . . . . . . . .                     0916      Mtdical, oem~l, Conununi~~icms and
     Deali”gs With Foreig”em                                                     0917         Other Guard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          0936
     &adi.e-e.d      Wetyof Force~ . . . . . . . .                               0918      Resw~ibilitiesof Sukrditw.ss                 .... . ............                      0937
     Information Furnished w Sub.mdinaus                                         0919      B+ard\ng&lk      .................. .............. ..
     Pm,ectim .rckmmerce Or*e                                                              Grenung of Asylum end Temporary Sefuge                            ..
         Uni@d Sm@s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                   0920




     0901.        The Senior             Officer        PresenL                             designated for the performance of engineering,
                                                                                            aeronautical engineering or special duties, and
     Unless some other o~lcer has been so designated
                                                                                            except those limited duty offlcem who are not
     by competent      authority,  the “senior   officer
                                                                                            authorized LOperform all deck duties afloat, Ere
     present” is Lhe senior line oKlcer of Lhe Navy on
                                                                                            eligible for command at sea.
     active duty, eligible for command at sea, who is
     presenl and in command of any part of the
     Department of the Navy in the locality or within
                                                                                            0S03.           A.tbority            and Responsibility.
     an area prescribed      by competent    authority,
     except where personnel of both Lhe :Navy and the                                       At  al I times and places not excluded    in these
     Marine Corps are present on shore and the                                              regulations,     or in orders     from competent
     off]cer of the Marine Corps who is in command is                                       authority,     the senior of~lcer present     shall
     senior to the senior line ollicer or the Navy. In                                      assume command and direct the movements and
     such cases, the ofiicer of the Marine Corps shall                                      efforts of all persons in the Department of the
     be the senior ofllcer present on shore.                                                Navy present when, in his or her judgment, the
                                                                                            exercise     of authority    for the purpose      of
     0902.         Eligibility         for Command                 at Sea.
                                                                                            cooperation or otherwise is necessary. The senior
     All oflicers of the line of the N’avy, including                                       olTcer present shall exercise this authority in a
     h’aval Reserve, on active duty, except those                                           manner      consistent    with   the operational




                                                                                                                                                                                  69
                                                 THE SEN1OR           OFFICER      PRESENT



    command           responsibility       vested    in    the     com-    0908.     Authority      Witbin   Commands.
    manders      of   unitied or spec~led commands.
                                                                           In the exercise of authorily, the senior officer
                                                                           present   normally shall noL be concerned   with
    0904.      Authority of Senior Officer                of the
                                                                           administrative matters within other commands,
               Marine Corps Presen L
                                                                           excepL La the extent necessary to secure such
    The authority and responsibility   of the senior                       uniformity and coordination of effort as may be
    offker present are also conferred upon the senior                      required.
    commanding officer of Lhe .Marine Corps present
    wiLh respect to Lhose units of the Marine Corps,                       0S09.     Distinctions      Ashore.
    including Navy personnel attached, which are in
                                                                           The res~nsibilities, authorities and distinctions
    the locality and not under the authority of the
                                                                           of commanders, off:cers in command and others
    senior officer present.
                                                                           of the shore establishment      are as stated by
                                                                           superiors or other competent authorities,      and
    0S05-      To Make Known              Identity      as Senior
                                                                           are nOL necessarily   dependent upon rela Live
               Officer PresenL
                                                                           seniority among the individuals concerned.
    When doubt may exist or when circumstances
    require, the senior officer present shall inform                       0910.     Concert     of Action    With Other Armed
    al! commanding       oiticers   concerned in the                                 Forces.
    locality or prescribed geographical area that he
    or she is the senior officer present.                                  When    in Lhe vicinity of other armed {orces of the
                                                                           United States or of an ally of the United States,
    0906.       Reports      and Calls by Juniors.                         the senior oflicer present shall maintain, to the
                                                                           extsnt possible, a complete concert of action with
    All commanding oKlcers shall keep themselves
                                                                           the commander        oi those forces.  The senior
    informed of the identity of the senior officer
                                                                           officer    present    shall cooperate    wiLh Lhe
    present.. The senior commander       of each unit
                                                                           commander of such forces in the preparation and
    present shdll inform the senior ORicer present of
                                                                           execution of plans for such joint action as may be
                                                   t
    Lhe orders under which he or she is acting LCIhe
                                                                           necessary.
    extent permitted therein and of the condition of
    his or her command,      When    circumstances
    permit,      he    or she    shall    call   upon     the    senior
                                                                           0911.     Relations      With Diplomatic      and
    officer    presenL
                                                                                     Consular       Representatives.

    0907.       Commands     Diverted            by the Senior             The senior oflicer present shall preserve, insofar
                Officer PresenL                                            as passible, close relations with diplomatic and
                                                                           consular representatives    of the United SLates.
    The senior ofi_lcer present shall not divert a
                                                                           He or she shall consider       recommendations,
    command from an operation or duty assigned by
                                                                           requests or other communications        from such
    another authority unless the public interest
                                                                           representatives.   While due weight should be
    demands.     When orders issued by the senior
                                                                           given to the opinions       and advice     of such
    oflicer present contl ict with an opera Lion or duLy
                                                                           representatives,   the senior ofiicer present is
    assigned     to a command,           the commanding          ofticer
                                                                           solely and entirely responsible     for his or her
    of such command    shall disclose his or her orders
                                                                           ofilcial acts.
    to the senior officer    present,   to the exLent
    permitted by the instructions contained therein,
                                                                           0912.     Communication           With Foreign
    in order that the senior ofiicer present may give
                                                                                     Officials.
    them due consideration.        The senior otllcer
    present shall inform a common senior promptly                          1, As a general rule, when in foreign countries,
    uvn diverting any command from a previously                            the senior officer presenL shall communicate
    assigned operation or duty, and shall release                          with foreign    civil, diplomatic    or consular
    such command when its assistance is no longer                          officials  through    the local United     SLates
    required.                                                              diplomatic or consular representatives.




    70


I
                                  THE SEN1OR         OFFICER     PRESENT



2. [n the absence of a diplomatic   or consular          use force).  This right includes    defending
representative of the United States, the senior          themselves,   their   subunits    and,   when
officer present in a foreign country has the             appropriate, defending   U.S. citizens,   their
authority to:                                            property a“d U.S. commercial    assets in the
                                                         vicinity.
   a. communicate or remonstrate with foreign
civil authorities as may be necessary; and               2. The conditions calling for application of the
                                                         right of selfdefense cannot be precisely defined
   b. urge upon citizens of the United St.ates the
                                                         beforehand,     but must be left to the sound
necessity of abstaining    from participation     i“
                                                         judgment of responsible naval personnel who are
political controversies or violations of the laws of
                                                         to perform their duties in this respect with all
neutrality.
                                                         possible care and forbearance.   The use of force
                                                         must beexercisedonly    asa Iast resort, and then
0913.   Coordination   Procedures   Estab-
                                                         only to the extent which is absolutely necessary
        lished by a Unified or Specified
                                                         to accomplish the end required.
        Commander.
In areas where the commander of a unitied or             3. Force must net.er be used with a view to
specfied command has established procedures              inflicting unlawful punishment for acts already
for coordination of military matters affecting           committed.
United States and host country relationships,
the senior officer present shall adhere to such          0916.    Territorizd     integrity   of Foreign
procedures.                                                       Nations.

                                                         The senior officer present shall respect      the
0914.   Violations   of[nternational    f-awand
                                                         territorial integrity of foreign nations. Unless
        Treaties.
                                                         permission    has been obtained    <rem foreign
On occasions when injury to the United States or         authorities:
to citizens thereo[ iscommitted or threatened in
                                                            a. No armed force for exercise.         target
violation of theprinciples of international Iawor
                                                         practice, funeral escort or other purpose shall be
in violation of rights existing under a treaty or
                                                         landed.
other international agreement, the senior ofllcer
present shall consult with the diplomatic        or         b. No persons shall bs allowed tm visit the
consular representatives of the United States, if        shore, except as necessary to conduct official
possible,    and shall take such action       as is      business.
demanded by the gravity of the situation.        In
                                                            c. No persons        shall   be landed   to capture
time of peace, action involving the use of force
                                                         deserters.
may be tiaken only in consonance          with the
provisions    of the succeeding   article of these          d. No target practice with guns, torpedoes,
regulations.       The responsibility     for any        rockets, guided missiles or other weapons shall
application OfrOrce rests wholly upon the senior         be conducted within foreign territorial waters or
oftlcer present. The senior otlicerpresent   shall       at any point from which projectiles. torpedoes or
report immediately all the fack to the National          missiles may enter therein.
Command Authority, keeping the operational
chain ofcommand andthesscretary       of the Navy        0917.    Dealings      With Foreigners.
informed.
                                                         The senior ofilcer present     shall uphold    the
                                                         prestige of the United States. He or she shal 1
0915.   Useof   Force   Against   Another   State.
                                                         impress upon officers and enlisted personnel
 1. The use of[orce    in time of peace by United        that, when in foreign ports, it is their duty .to
States naval personnel against another nation            avoid all possible cause for offense       to the
or against anyone within the territories thereof         authorities and inhabit.an~   that due deference
is illegal except asanact    ofself-defense.   Naval     must be shown by them to local laws, customs,
personnel have a right of self-defense       against     ceremonies and regulations:     that moderation
hostile acts or hostile intent (imminent threat to       and courtesy should be displayed in all deaIings




                                                                                                             71
                                            THE SENIOR          OFFICER      PRESENT



    with foreigners,     and    that   a feeling    of good   will   disorder, the senior o~lcer present shall cause to
    and mutual   respect    should be cultivated.                    be established, temporarily or permanently,         in
                                                                     charge O( an ofllcer, a su~]cient patrol of oflicers,
    0918.   Readiness       and Safety of Forces.                    petty officers and noncommissioned       oftTcers to
I                                                                    maintain order and suppress         any unseemly
    1. The senior oKlcer present, shall prescribe the
                                                                     conduclon the part of any person on liberty. The
    conditions of readiness of all the forces present
                                                                     senior patrol o~lcer shall communicate with the
    and under his or her authority.
                                                                     chief of police or olher local officials and make
    2. To the extent which the situation demands,                    such arrangements as may be practicable Lo aid
    the senior oficer presenL shall be prepared for                  the patrol in carrying out its duties properly.
    action and shall guard against surprise attack.                  Such duties may include providing assistance to
    With the means at his or her disposal, he or she                 military personnel in relations with civil courts
    shall put into effect such measures      as are                  and police, arranging      for release   of service
    necessary  tn minimize the possibility   of the                  personnel from civil authorities     to the parent
    undetected approach of hostile air, surface or                   command, and providing         other services that
    submarine forces.                                                favorably influence discipline and morale.

    3. The senior o~lcer present is responsible for
                                                                     2. A patrol shall not be landed in any foreign
    the safety and security of the units in company
                                                                     port without first obtaining the consent of the
    and, at sea, shall direct the course to be steered
                                                                     proper local officials.  Tfict must be used in
    and the disposition   LO be employed.  Nothing    in
                                                                     requesting permission: and, unless it is given
    this article wil I be construed as abrogating   the
                                                                     willingly, the patrol shall not be landed.     If
    authority   of Lhe commander of a task force or
                                                                     consent cannot be obtained, the size of liberty
    task command.
                                                                     parties shall be held LOsuch limits as may be
                                                                     necessary to render disturbances urd ikel y.
    0919.   Information   Furnished            to
            Subordinates.                                            3. Officers and enlisted personnel on patrol duty
                                                                     in a foreign country normally      should nol be
    Before engaging in any operatian in time of war,
                                                                     armed. In the Unitsd States, shore patrol may
    if practicable, the senior ofiicer present shall
                                                                     be armed as prescribed     by the senior officer
    supply the commanding otllcers present with the
                                                                     present.
    operation     plan and battle plan, and shall
    communicate         to his   or her principal                    4. No officer or enlisted person who is a member
    subordinates present such information     as will                of the shore patrol or beach guard, or is assigned
    assist them if called upon to assume command.                    in support thereof, shall partake of or indulge in
                                                                     any form of intoxicating beverage or other form
    0920.   Protection of Commerce                 of tbe            of intoxicant while on duty, on post or at other
            United States.                                           times prescribed by the senior patrol o~lcer. The
                                                                     senior patrol officer     shall ensure that the
    Acting in conformity with international law and
                                                                     provisions    of this paragraph      are strictly
    treaty obligations,   the senior officer present
                                                                     observed and shall report promptly in writing to
    shall protect, insofar as lies within his or her
                                                                     the senior of!lcer present all violations of these
    pawer, all commercial craft of the United States
                                                                     provisions that may come tn his or her notice.
    in their lawful occupations.
                                                                     All ofilcers and enlisted personnel of the patrol
                                                                     shall report to the senior patrol officer       all
    0921.   Leave and Liberty.
                                                                     violations of the provisions of this paragraph on
    Subject to such orders as may have been receivad                 the part of those under them.
    from competent     authority, the senior oflicer
    present shall regulate leave and liberty.                        0923.    Precautions    for Health.
                                                                     The senior oflicer present shall take precautions
    0922.   Shore      Patrol
                                                                     to preserve the health of the persons under his or
    1. When liberty is granted to any considerable                   her authority.       He or she shall       obtain
    number of psrsons, except in an area that can                    information regarding the healthfulness of the
    absorb them without danger of disturbance or                     area and medical facilities available Lherein and




    72
                                  THE SENIOR         OFFICER     PRESENT



shall adopt such measures as are required by the         cognizant American embassy,   U.S. Defense
situation.                                               Attache Office and other appropriate   tom.
                                                         manders.
0924.   Medical or Dental Aidto        Persons     Not
                                                            b. If the distress is not life-threatening,  U.S.
        in the Naval Service.
                                                         aircraft will remain outaide foreign territorial
The senior officer present      may require   the        seas pending coordination with the operational
oiiicers of the Medical Corps and Dental Corps           chain of command,       including    the cognizant
under his or her authority to render emergency           unified commander        and the Department        of
professional   aid to persons not in the naval           State.
service    when such aid is necessary        and
                                                            c. Assistance which does noL involve entry
demanded     by the laws of humanity      or the
                                                         into foreign territorial seas shall be promptly
principles of international courtesy.
                                                         reported to the Chief of Naval Operations and
                                                         other appropriate commanders.
0925.   Assistance  to Persons,     Ships and
        Aircraft in Distress.                            4. The accounting for rendering assistance and
                                                         repairs pursuant to this article shall be as
1. [nsofar ascanbe done without serious danger           prescribed by the Comptroller ofzhe Navy.
to the ship or crew, the commanding officer or
                                                         0926.    Repairs   to Merchant    Vessels.
the senior officer present as appropriate aball:
                                                         1. There is no authority ta effect repairs to a
   a. proceed with allpossible speed to the rescue
                                                         merchant vessel in collision with a Navy ship or
Of parsons in distress if informed of their need for
                                                         craft except:
assistance,     insofar    as such action      may
reasonably bs expected of him or heq                        a. when speciiicslly   approved by Congress;

   b. render assistance to any person      found    at      b. when, in the opinion of the senior officer
sea in danger of being lost                              present, the exigencies   of war or of national
                                                         interest aa require; or
   c. afford  all reasonable      assistance        to
distressed ships and aircrafi and                           c. when, in the opinion of the senior ofllcer
                                                         present, repairs are necessary cmsave life or b
    d. render assistance to the other ship, after a
                                                         prevent the merchant vessel from sinking.
collision, to her crew and passengers and, where
possible, inform the other ship of his or her            2. A report of repairs effected under authority of
identity.                                                this article, including labor and material costs
                                                         and a cert~tcation by the senior officer present
2. Assistance    may be rendered     inside  the
                                                         as to why such repairs were undertaken, will bs
territorial sea of a foreign country without the
                                                         included in the report of the senior officer
permission of the coastal state in accordance
                                                         present or in his or her forwarding endorsement
with customary international law as reflected in
                                                         to tbe Chief of Naval Operations       and other
applicable  directives    and operational     orders.
                                                         appropriate superiors.
Such assistance entry     into the territorial sea is
limited to situations    i“ which the location of        0927.    Detail of Subordinatato     Per-form
persons or property in   distress is reasonably well              Administrative   Dutie&
known.
                                                         When no offker has been detailed by other
3. Reporting   requirements.                             competent authority to perform administrative
                                                         duties, the senior officer present may detail a
   a. Assistance rendered by ships or aircraft
                                                         subordinate ofilcer to carry out his or her routine
inside    foreign    territorial  seas  will   be
                                                         administrative duties, but in no way shall such
immediately     reWrted tn the cognizant unified
                                                         detil relieve the senior ofilcer prssent of his or
commander,       the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the
                                                         her responsibilities.




                                                                                                           73
                                      THE SEN1OR         OFFICER     PRESENT



    092S.    Tbe Senior Officer    Present   Afloat.         commanders     of Navy units of the operating
                                                             forces of the Navy present shall conform tn the
    Unless some other of!icer has been so designated
                                                             standing orders of such authority in all matters
    by competent    authority,   the “senior    officer
                                                             of common interest. Even though senior Lo the
    present afloat” is the senior oflicer of the h’avy,
                                                             commander,    the senior off]cer present afloat
    eligible for mmmsnd at sea, who is present and
                                                             shall make no changes in local orders, plans and
    with primary duty as commander or any unit or
                                                             arrangements, except as necessary to carry out
    force of the operating {orces of the Navy in the
                                                             his or her duties or for other causes which
    locality   or within   an area prescribed         by
                                                             unquestionably demand a change, and then only
    competent authority, whether afloat or based
                                                             after consultation   with the commander,       if
    ashore, except such units as may be assigned to
                                                             practicable.
    shore commmds by competent authority.
                                                             0932     Juniors to Obtain       Permission    From
    0929.    Relations Between the Senior Officer
                                                                      the Senior officer      presenL
             Present and the Senior Officer
             Present AflOaL                                  A junior in command shall, when meeting a
                                                             senior at sea or in port, obtain permission, by
    1. When the senior officer present afloat is not
                                                             signal or otherwise,      to con Linue on duty
    the senior offmer present, ail matters affecting
I   the units under his or her authority        shall
                                                             assigned, to anchor or get underway,
                                                             perform     any evolution     or other
                                                                                                         or to
                                                                                                       act of
    normally be referred LOthe senior oflicer present
                                                             importance.
    for appropriate action.

    2. When an ofksr of the >larine Corps is the             0933.    Authority    to Alter Organization.
    senior offxcer present on shore, and senior m the
                                                             The senior ofiicer present ai%al may organize
    senior oflicer pressnt afloat, the latter shall refer
                                                             the forces present under his or her command into
    all maM.ers, except those directly connected with
                                                             such task organizations as he or she may deem
    units under his or her authority, LOthe former
                                                             desirable,   but in so doing, he or she shall
    for appr0priat2 action.
                                                             preserve their exisLing tactical organization
                                                             insofar as practicable.
    0930.   Authority and Responsibility  of the
            SeniOr Officer Present Afloak                    0934.    Exercise    of Power    of Consul.
    As the common superior of commanders of all
                                                             When upon the high seas or in any foreign port
    Navy units of the operating forces of the Navy in
                                                             where there is no resident consul of the United
    a locality. except such units as may be assigned
                                                             Ststes, the senior oficer present afloat has the
    to shore commands by competent authority, the
                                                             authority ti exercise all powers of a consul in
    senior officer present. afloat is responsible    for
                                                             relation LOmariners of the United SlaLes.
    matters which affect these naval commands
    collectively.      In the exercise    of his or her
                                                             0935.    FiIe of Lbe Senior     Officer   Present
    authority,     the senior officer present afloat
                                                                      Afloat-
    normally       shall   not be concerned        with
    administrative     matters wit.bin other commands,       1. While in port, the senior officer present afloat
    except m the ex=nt necessary to secure such              shall require that a tile of all orders issued by
    uniformity and coordination of effort as may be          any competsnt authority which are applicable b
    required. In case of emergency or enemy attack,          the naval forces present be maintained. This tile
    subject LOthe orders of the senior officer present,      shall be Transferred LO the succeeding       senior
I   the senior oN]cer present afloat shall assume            ofilcer present afloat.
    command       of all Navy units of the operating
                                                             2. Whenever     circumstances     warrant and for
    forces of the Navs present.
                                                             continuity purposes, the senior oficer present
                                                             atloat may detail a subordinate oflicer to carry
    0931.   Relations   With Commanders        Ashore.
                                                             out routine administrative     duties and maintain
    When within the prescribed limits of authority           a Senior Officer Present Afloat (Administration)
    of the commander of a naval shore activity, the          file. If a subordinate 05ker is not available, or
    senior   officer present afloat and all other            such a detail is notappropriats,   the senior ooicer




    74

I
                                          THE SENIOR            OFFICER      PRESENT



present    afloat   may    arrange      for the    detail    of an   postal   matters       and   provide   medical     and   .’
oflicer   for the task.                                              technical advice.

0936.      Medical, Dental, Communications                           0939.    Grsntingof      Asylum    and Temporary
           and Other Guard.                                                   Refuge.

When two or more ships are in the vicinity of                        1. lfanofflcial   of the Department of the Navy is
each other while liberty is being granted, the                       requested      to provide  asylum   or temporary
senior oflicer present afloat shall designate the                    refuge, the following procedures shall apply
daily order in which each ship having a medical
                                                                        a. On the high seas or in territories     under
officer shall take the medical        guard unless
                                                                     exclusive United States jurisdiction   (including
facilities  or services are available     ashore or
                                                                     territorial seaa, the Commonwealth      of Puerto
other adequate       provision   has been made.
                                                                     Rico,     territories under     United     States
Similar provisions shall be made with respect ta
                                                                     administration and possessions):
the establishment           of a dental      guard,
communications      guard, shore patrol or any other                       (1) Athis or her request, an applicant for
guard as maybe necessary in support ofhisor                          asylum will be received on board any naval
her responsibility.                                                  aircraft or waterborne craft, Navy or Marine
                                                                     Corps activity or station.
0937.      Responsibilities          of Subordisrates.
                                                                            (2) Under no circumstances       shall the
The regulations contained inthis chapter shall
                                                                      psrson seeking asylum be surrendered to foreign
not be construed ta relieve commanders junior ta
                                                                     jurisdiction or control, unless at the personal
tbe senior officer present, or to the senior officer
                                                                     direction of the Secretary of the Navy or higher
present      afloat,  from    their    individual
                                                                     authority.    Persons seeking political    asylum
responsibilities in relation to their commands.
                                                                     should be sffordsrf every reasonable     care and
0938.      Boarding       Calls.                                     protection psrmitted by the circumstances,

1. When heorshe     considers inappropriate, the                        b. In territories     under foreign jurisdiction
senior officer present shall send an officer to                      (including foreign      territorial seas, territories
board and repart on ships and craft displaying                       and possessions):
United States colors found in or arriving     at
                                                                            (1) Temporary refuge shall be granted for
foreign ports.
                                                                     humanitarian reasons on baard a naval aircraft
2. The following information             normally       shall be     or waterborne     craft, Navy or Marine Corps
obtained by boarding offmers:                                        activity or station only in extreme or exceptional
                                                                     circumstances wherein life or safety of a psrson
   a, name, nationality,           owner and typs of crafti
                                                                     is put in imminent danger, such as pursuit by a
   b. number and names ofpersons                  in crew:           mob. When temporary refuge is granted, such
                                                                     protection will be terminated only when directed
   c. tannage and cargo,
                                                                     by the Secretary        of the Navy or higher
   d. place from and time out of port;                               authority.

   e. probable date of departure and destination;                          (2) A request by foreign authorities       for
and                                                                  return    of custody    of a person     under   the
                                                                     protection of temporary refuge will bs reported
   f, unusual events          during passage, general
                                                                     to the Chief of Naval         Operations    or the
route    taken   and           weather    conditions
                                                                     Commandant        of the Marine      Corps.    The
encountered.
                                                                     requesting foreign authorities will he informed
3. Under ordinary circumstances, the hoarding                        that the case has been referred          to higher
officer can offer assistance in United States                        authorities for instructions.




                                                                                                                         75
                                    THE SEN1OR      OFFICER     PRESENT



         (31 Persons whose temporary     refuge is        la subparagraphs la. and I b. above, as well as
    terminated will be released LOthe protecticm of       the attendant circumstances.      Telephone or voice
    the authorities    designated in the message          communications will be used where possible, but
    authorizing release.                                  must be confirmed as soon as Wssible with an
                                                          immediate precedence message, information to
          (4) While temporary refuge can be granted
                                                          Lhe Secretary      of State (for actions      taken
    in thecircumstances   aet[orth above, permanent
                                                          pursuant to subparagraphs I.b.(1) and lb.(5) of
    asylum will not be granted.
                                                          Lhis article, also make the appropriate American
          (5) Foreign     nation ala who request          Embassy or Consular Office an information
    assiat.ante in forwarding requests for political      addressee).    If communication     by telephone or
    asylum inthe United Statea will not be received       voice is not possible, notification will be effected
    on board, but will be advised Lo apply in person      by an immediate        precedence      message,    as
    at the nearest Americnn Embassy or Consulate.         described above. The Chief of Naval Operations
    If a foreign    national    is already   on board,    or the Commandant of the Marine Corps will
    however, s”chperao”      will not be surrendered LO   cause the Secretary of the Navy and the Deputy
    foreign jurisdiction    or control unless at the      Director for Operations of the National Military
    personal direction of the Secretary of the Navy       Command Center to be nothied without delay.
    or higher authority.

      c. The Chief   of Naval Operations    or the        2. Personnel of the Department     of the Navy
    Commandant       of the Marine     Corps,   as        shall neither directly   nor indirectly   invite
    appropriate,  wiil be informed     by the most        persons to seek asylum or temporary refuge.
    expeditious means of all action tiken pursuant




I
I

    76
                                Chapter 10

    PRECEDENCE,             AUTHORITY        AND COMMAND
    Section 1. Precedence
    Section 2. Authority
    Section 3. Detail to Duty
    Section 4. Succession to Command




i




                                                           77
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78
                                                            Chapter 10
I
       PRECEDENCE,                                  AUTHORITY                        AND COMMAND
                                                  Section 1. Precedence


                                                              Contents

                                                           Artick                                                                   A*
    O!llcemofLheNcwd Sewice             ..    . .    .       100 I   Recedenceon Caurt.s.ndi3.aards    ............... ..            100S
    RemdenceofOfficers      .........................        1002    Precedence i. f%cessionstiro          .              ..         100’7
    Relative fink and Precedenceof                                   TiIJaof ORicem Holding Ac@    Appaimunentn                 .    100S
       OfiicemofDifferecit Services        . . .            1003     TilJesand Authority of Cermi. ORicms . . . . . . . . . . . .    1009
    Premdmm of m Ofiicer in Gmmmnd . . . . . . . . . . .    1004     MmnerofAddressing Officcrs            ............              1010
    Reccdc.ceofdm    Executive OtTicer     . . ......       1005




    1001.     Officers       of the Naval Service.                    as iD the staff corps. All other chief warrant
                                                                      officers and warrant ofiicers are classed as in the
    1. Officers of the United States nava I service
                                                                      line.
    shall bs known as otlicers in the line, ofiicers in
    the staff corps, chief warrant of!lcers         and
                                                                      5. Officers of the Msrine Corps of and above the
    warrant oftlcers.
                                                                      grade of second Iieutsnant are offmsrs in the line
    2. Otllcers    in the line of the Navy include the                and include:
    following     officers in the grade of ensign and
    above:                                                               a. oficem      not restricted in the performance                 of
                                                                      dutfi and
       a. line officers        not   restricted     in the per-
    formance of duty;                                                   b. ofilcers designated     for limited                duty       in
                                                                      appropriate technical fields.
       b. limited duty ofilcers designated           for duty in
    line technical fields; and                                        6. Chief warrant officers and warrant ofllcers                      of
                                                                      the Marine Corps am classed as in the line.
       c. line ofiicers restricted in the performance
    of duty designated         for engineering       duty,
                                                                      7. The tsrm ‘line officer of the naval service”
    aeronautical     engineering     duty, and types of
                                                                      includes line otlicers of both the Navy and the
    special     duty which       include    cryptology,
                                                                      Marine Corps.
    intelligence, public affairs, and oceanography.
                                                                      8. Within   the Manual for Courts-Martia),
    3. Officers in the staff cm-ps of the Navy include:
                                                                      United States, 1984, and the Manual of the
       a. 05kers in the Msdical, Supply, Chaplain,                    Judge Advocate General, the term ‘officer”
    Civil Engineer,    Judge Advocate   General’s,                    includes a chief warrant officer, but does not
    Dental, Msdicsl Service and Nurse Carps, not                      include a warrant officer, unless the context
    restricted in the performance   of duty within                    indicates otherwise.
    their respective COTPXand
                                                                      9. Certsin officers are MAectsd and designa,tsd
       b, officers in staff corps designated         for limitsd
                                                                      material specialists.    They continue to serve as
    duty within their respective corps.
                                                                      ofikm-s in the line or in the staff corps from
    4. In the Navy there are chief warrant    officers                which selected, with duties appropriate to that
    and warrant officers. Chief warrant cdilcers and                  line or sMfcorps,   including material acquisition
    warrant ofilcers whose technical specialty is                     and support      duties   appropriate    to their
    within the cognimnce of a staff corps are classed                 experience, training and education.




                                                                                                                                         79
                         PRECEDENCE,        AUTHORITY      AND COMMAND                   .



1002.   Precedence    of Officers.                    grade and the same     date of rank, are serving
                                                      together, they shall   have precedence according
1. Thedate ofrznkof     anofflcer istbat stated in
                                                      to the time each has   service on active duty as a
his or her co remission, or, when no commission
                                                      commissioned oflicer   of the United States.
for the current grade has been issued to the
otlicer, the date established by the Secretary of     4. When serving with the Army, Navy, Marine
the Navy.                                             Corps or Air Force, commissioned officers of the
                                                      National Oceanic and Atmospheric       Adminis-
2. Allofflcers  of thesame grade take precedence
                                                      tration shall rank with and after officers of
with each other according to their respective
                                                      corresponding grade i“ the Army, Navy, Marine
dates of rank. However, in the case of ofilcers
                                                      Corps, or Air Force of the same length of service
with the same &w of rank, or of officers who
                                                      in grade.
have gained or lost numbers, their precedence
shall bs as indicated in the appropriate active-      5. A Public Health Service officer in uniform
duty list, retired list, or Reserve       Officer     may use, for the purpose of identilcation      and
precedence limm.aintained     in accordance with      address,   the military   or nsval    rank cor-
law or regulation                                     responding   to the grade marking worn.         An
                                                      o~lcer of the Public Health Service detailed for
3. Chief warrant oft3cers of the Navy or Marine
                                                      duty with the Navy, Marine Corps, Army, Air
Carps, in the same grade, take precedence with
                                                      Force, Coast Guard or National      Oceanic and
each other acmniing ta the dates of rank stated
                                                      Atmospheric Administration     may use in official
in their com missions. When the commissions of
                                                      correspondence    the military   or naval rank
two or more of t.hsm are of the same date, they
                                                      corresponding to the grade marking worn.
take precedence mmrding to the order in which
their names are shown in the appropriate lineal
                                                      1004.   Precedence     of an Officer    in
lkcs
                                                              Commsnd.
4. Wsrrant offkers of the Navy or Marine Corps
                                                      An o~lcer, either of the line or of a staff corps,
take precedence with each other according to the
                                                      detailed tn command by competent authority or
dstes of rank stated in their warrsnts. When the
                                                      who has succeeded to command, has precedence
warrants of two or more of them are the same
                                                      over all ofllcers or other persons att.achsd to the
date, they take precedence according to the order
                                                      command of whatever rank and whether they
in which     their names     are shown    in the
                                                      are of the line or of a staff corps.
appropriate lined lists.

5. The details of computing        precedence of      1005.   Precedence     of the Executive       Ofl%er.
oficers of the reserve components sbal! be as
                                                      The executive ofilcer, while in the execution of
prescribed by separats regulation.
                                                      duties as such, shall take precedence over all
                                                      persons under the command of the commanding
1003.   Relative    Rank and Precedence          of
                                                      ofticer.
        Officers   of Different Services.
1. Relative   rank of grades of officers in the       1006.   Precedence     on Courts   and Boards.
Army, Navy, ?&rine Corps, Air Force and Coast
                                                      Tbe precedence established by these regulations
Guard, whether on the active or retired lists, and
                                                      shall be observed on all courts and boards.
of the National     Oceanic  and Atmospheric
Administration   snd Public Health %rvice when
                                                      1007.   Precedence     in Processions        Ashore.
serving with the military, is indicated in Table
1.                                                    1. Offmers in processions      on shore shall be
                                                      placed in formation according to their grade but
2. The precedents of offkers of the same relative
                                                      not necessarily    according    to their order of
grade    shall be in accordance      with their
                                                      precedence in grade. All processions on shore
respective dates of rank, the senior in date of
                                                      where officers appear in an official capacity, and
rank taking precedence over the junior.
                                                      where formation is necesssry, shall be regarded
3. When officers in the Army, Navy, Marine            as military formations.     The command thereof
Corps, Air Force, Coast Guard, and Public             shall devolve upon the senior line oK1cer in the
Health Service, having the same or relative           formation,   except where the commander         or



60



                                             —
                                PRECEDENCE.         AUTHORITY   AND COMMAND



    commanding officer of the unit in formation is a       Engineers,   the Judge Advocate General,      the
    membar of a stafY corps, the senior oficer in the      Chief of the Dental Corps, the Chief of the
    formation who is a member of that staff corps          Medical Service Corps and the Director of the
    shall be in command thereof.                           Nurse Corps, shall be the principsl advisors and
                                                           sponsors on matters concerned with officers in
    2. When     serving   on shore    with a mixed
                                                           their respective corps and enlisted personnel
    detachment composed of sailors and marines,
                                                           with ratings associated with the corps. Also, as
    the marinea shall always bs placed on the right
                                                           heads of corps,     they shall be spokesmen
    in battalion    or other infantry   formation on
                                                           regarding professional matters with the military
    occasions of ceremony.
                                                           and civilian communities.

    1008.   Title of Officers    Holding   Acting
                                                            1010.   Manner   of Addressing   Officers.
            Appointments.

    An officer holding an acting appointment shall         1. Except as provided       in paragraph 2, every
    have the title of his or her acting grade and,         oflicer in the naval service shall ba designated
    when such appointment is revoked, shall resume         and addressed in official communications     by the
    the title of his or her actual grade.                  title of his or her grade, preceding the name.

                                                           2. In oral official communications, an oflicer will
    1009.   Titles and Authority      of Certain
                                                           be addressed by the his or her grade, except that
            Officers.
                                                           oflicers of the Medical Corps and the Dental
    1. The Commander,         Naval Supply Systems         Corps may bs addressed as “Doctor” and officers
    Command,      the Commander      Naval Facilities      of the Chaplain Corps may be addressed          as
    Engineering     Command, and the Chief of the          ‘Chaplsin.”     When addressing an officer whoss
    Dental Division shall have, while so serving, the      grade includes a moditier, the mdtler       may bs
    s.dcfitiond titles of Chief of Supply Corps, Chief     dropped.
    of Civil Engineers, and Chief of Dentsl Corps,
                                                           3. [n written communications,  the name of the
    respectively.
                                                           corps to which any staff corps oflicer belongs
    2. The Surgeon General, the Chief of Supply            shall ha indicated immediately aftsr the officer’s
    Corps, the Chief of Chaplains, the Chief of Civil      name.




I                                                                                                          .s1
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I   82
                                                                          Chapter 10
     PRECEDENCE,                                             AUTHORITY                                 AND COMMAND
                                                            Section 2. Authority


                                                                           Contents


                                                                        Arciclc                                                                                    At-tick

Exercise of AuIhotily   .........................                         1020    Authority tnPkeSetfWIOuty                        ................. ..             1022
Authority Ovw SubordinaLss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            1021    AULtmriQinalfoat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1033
DdegMi.noiAudIotiLY         ......................                        1022    Authority and Reqmsihility of.
Abuse of Amhorily . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     1023      senior Offcer Under
Comrndiam-j and Cmflict& Orders                         .                 1024       Cer&in Circumaances       ...................... ..                            1034
Auborityofan Off~rk&m-nd                                      .           1025    Authority and Status of Pemms in tie
A.tbmity dm OtKcer Who                                                               C&.st Gumd. National Oemnic and
   Suaeedsm Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           1026       Aummpberic Adminiswati.m and
Authon”ty ofa Vice C-mmIsrukr or Oepaty .                                 1027       Public Health Sewim      .........................                             1035
Authority of the Cummander or                                                     Authority of Offkem With
   C4mmmding ~lcer of a Sase or                                                      Acting Appointmerwj      ...... ................. ..                           1036
   SwiOnOverVisiI.imgCamm.m&                      ... .                   1028    Authority of Warrant OK,cers.
Amtmrity of the Ccmmnding                                                            NomCkmm@&ned
   OOicerof. Hnspital Ship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                     05iLwamdPeuyotlicem             . . . . . . .. ... ... . .. . . . .            1037
Autbmity aim Offw.zrof the                                                        AulAorityofSemries    ........ .... ................ .                            1038
   Marine Corps Over NavP.1Forces . . . . . . . . . . .                   1030    A.ahmity of Juniom m Issue
Authority of OII&ra Embarked us                                                      Orders mseniors    .. .. .. . . .. . . . .. .. ... .. .. . . . . .             1029
   Passm&rs      ................. ..............                         1031




1020.        Exercise         of Authority.                                        naval personnel embarked,                            or when placed                on
                                                                                   duty by such officer.
1. All persons in the naval service on active
service, and those on the retired list with psy,                                      c. When senior ofllcer at the scsne of a riot or
and transferred members of the Fleet Rsserve                                       other emergency,   or when placed on duty by
and the Fleet Marine Corps Rsserve, are at al I                                    such oflke r.
times subject to naval authority.      While on
active service they may, if not on leave of                                        1021.          Authority           Over Subordinates.
absence except as noted below, on the sick list,
taken into custody, under arrest, suspended                                        All of3cers of the naval service, of whatever
from duty, in confinement        or otherwise                                      designation or corps, shall have all the nscsssary
incapable of discharging their duties, exercise                                    authority for the performance of their duties and
authority over all persons who are subordinate                                     shall be obeyed by all persons, of whatever
b them.                                                                            designation or corps, who are, in accordance
                                                                                   with these regulations        and orders      from
2. A person in the naval service,                           although         on
                                                                                   competent authority, subordinate ta them.
leave, may exercise authority:
   a, When in a naval ship or aircraft and placed                                  1022.         Delegation             of Authority.
on duty by the commanding officer or aircraft
                                                                                   The delegation of authority and the issuance of
commander.
                                                                                   orders and instructions by a psrsam in the maval
   b, When in a ship or aircraft of the armed                                      service shall not relieve such person from any
services of the United States, other than a naval                                  responsibility imposed upun him or her. He or
ship or aircraft, as the commanding officer of                                     she shal I ensure that the delegated authority is




                                                                                                                                                                     83
                             PRECEDENCE,        AUTHORITY      AND COMMAND



    properly exercised and that his or her orders and     1025.   Authority   of an Officer    in Command.
    instructions are properly executed.
                                                          An off]cer, either of the line or of a staff corps,
                                                          detailed to command by competent        authori Ly,
    1023.   Abuse   of Authority.
                                                          has authority over all officers or other persons
                                                          atbched to the command, whatever their rank,
    Persons in authority    are forbidden to injure
                                                          and whether they are of the line or of a staff
    their subordinates by tyrannical or capricious
                                                          corps.
    conduct, or by abusive language.
                                                          1026.   Authority    of an Officer   Wbo
    1024.   Contradictory    and Conflicting                      Succeeds    to Command.
            Orders.
                                                          1. An officer who succeeds to command due to
                                                          incapacity,     death,  departure    on leave,
    1. An officer who diverts another from any
                                                          detachment    without relief or absence due to
    sert,ice upon which he or she has been ordered by
                                                          orders from competent authority of the otlicer
    a common superior, or who requires a person WI
                                                          detailed to command, has the same authority
    act contrary to the orders of such superior, or
                                                          and responsibility as the ofllcer whom he or she
    interferes   with Lhose under such superior’s
                                                          succeeds.
    commmd,      must immediately report this action
    to the officer      whose   orders   have    been     2. An officer who succeeds tn command during
    contravened,   and show that the public interest      the temporary    absence    of the commanding
    required such action.     All orders under such       oflicer shall make no changes in the existing
    circumstances    shall be given in writing when       organization,  and shall endeavor    to have the
    possible.                                             routine and other affairs of the command carried
                                                          on in the usual manner.
    2. If an off&er receives an order which annuls,
                                                          3. When an otlicer temporarily     succeeding   to
    suspends or modifies one received from another
                                                          command si~s official correspondence, the word
    superior, or one contrary to instructions        or
                                                          “Acting” shall appear below his or ber signature.
    orders from the Secretary of the Navy, he or she
    shall exhibit the original order, unless under
                                                          1027.   Authority   of a Vice Commander      or
    instructions not m do so, and represent tbe facts
                                                                  Deputy.
    in writing to the superior from whom the last
    order was received. If, after such representation,    A vice commander      or deputy shall exercise
    the officer   from whom the last order was            command or control only over activities     and
    received should insist upan the execution of that     matters specified in his or her orders, or as
    order, it shall be obeyed. The officer receiving      directed by KISor her superior.
    and executing      such order shall report the
    circumstances    to the superior from whom the        102S.   Authority of tbe Commander      or
    original order was received.                                  Commanding     Officer of a Base or
                                                                  Station Over Vialing Commands.
    3. If an enlisted person in the naval service
    receives an order which annuls, suspends or           While at a naval base or naval station and not
    rhodiiles one received from another superior, he      under     the command        of the naval       base
    or she shall immediately represent the facts tn       commander       or naval station     commanding
    the superior from whom the last order was             off]cer, the offxcer in command or in charge of a
    received.   If, after such representation,     tbe    ship, craft, unit of aircraft      or troops shall
    superior from whom the last order was received        conform     to the orders      of the naval     base
    should insisL upon execution of that order, it        commander or naval Wmion commandktg officer
    shall be obeyed.     The person receiving      and    related ta common or specific services which he
    executing      such order    shall   report    the    or she may provide.       Such common or specific
                                                          services may include field operations, security,
I   circumstances     as soon as practicable
    superior from whom the original
                                                to the
                                           order was      tire protection,    safety, defense,    sanitation,
    received.                                             recreation and welfare.




    64
                           PRECEDENCE,          AUTHORITY       AND COMMAND



1029.    Authority of the Commanding                       1031.   Authority of Officers     Embarked      as
         Officer of a Hospitsl Ship.                               Passengers.

                                                           1. The commanding ofiker of a ship or aircraft,
1. The naval    hospital   in a hospital     ship
                                                           not a flagship, with a flag officer eligible for
embraces all persons attached to the hospital
                                                           command at sea embarked as a passenger, shall
either for duty or for treatment, all activities
                                                           be subject to the orders of such flag officer.
within the ship which are devoted to the care or
                                                           Other ofiicers embarked as passengers, senior to
treatment of the sick or injured, and all parts of
                                                           tbe commanding ofilcer, shall have no authority
the ship which are used for the care and
                                                           over the commanding off]cer.
treatment   of the sick or injured, as living
quarters by persons attached to the hospital,or            2. Officers embarked as passengers         who are
for the stowage of the supplies and equipment              junior tn the commanding oi%cer, or ofticer in
belonging to the hospital.                                 charge of the military detachment of a ship of
                                                            the hlilit.ary Sealift Command, if not on the stdf
2. The commanding officer of the naval hospital            of an officer also embarked, may bs assigned tm
is under the command of the commanding officer             duty when the exigencies of the service render it
of the hospibl ship. The commanding oftlcer of              necessary. Tbe commanding oftlcer or ofIicer in
the ship shall normally        limit the exercise of       charge of the military detachment shall be the
command       over the naval hospital           to such    judge of such necessity.        Passengers     thus
military      matters     as discipline,      security,    assigned shall have the same authority            as
intelligence,   communications,       fire protection,     though regularly attached @ the ship.
watertight integrity, stability, preservation and
                                                           1032.   Authority    to Place Self on Duty.
maintenance,       and overall     cleanliness,     with
regard for the responsibility of the commanding            Nod!lcer    may place him- or her self on duty by
officer of the hospital for the asnihry conditions         virtue of bis or her commission or warrant alone.
of the naval hospital.       Except as above stated,
                                                           1033.   Authority    in a Boat
the commanding otXcer of the hospital ship shal 1
not exercise control, within the hospital, over its        Except when embarked in a boat authorized by           r..
administration      or organization,     including the     the Chief of Naval Operations b have an officer=       “’ ‘,’’=-”<
expenditure or accountability        of funds allotted     or petty ofiicer in charge, the senior line officer I~ : ~ 1 =T
the hospital, the assignment of personnel and              (including commissioned      warrant and warrant
work, and the establishment               of technical     officer)  eligible   Ior command      at sea has
methods and procedures, unless such control has            authority over all persons embarked therein,
been specifically      delegated    to him or her by       and is responsible         for tbe safety      and
competent      authority.   Nothing in this article        management of the boat.
shall be construed to prevent the appropriate
                                                           1034.   Authority and Responsibility         of a
assignment of a proportionate share of work of a
                                                                   Senior Officer Under Certain
general nature to personnel attached to the
                                                                   Circumstances.
naval hospital,
                                                           1. In the event of a riot or quarrel between
                                                           persons    in the naval     service    or in other
1030.    Authority of an Officer of the Marine             circumstances       not provided     for in these
         Corps Over Naval Forces.                          regulations     in which persons in the naval
                                                           service are involved a“d the exercise of nava I
Officers of the Marine Corps may not command               authority is necessary, the senior off[cer in tbe
ships or Navy shore facilities. This article shall         naval service      at the scene     shall assume
not be construed to prevent an officer of tbe              command and take the action necessary, unti I
Marine Corps, when so detailed by Lhe Secretary            relieved of this responsibility     by competent
of the Navy or a commander         in chief, from          authority.    All persons in tbe naval service in
having and exercising such authority as may be             the vicinity shal I render prompt assistance and
neceswry    to direct the operations of all forces         obedience    to the ofiicer thus engaged in the
assigned ta him or her.                                    restoration of order.




                                                                                                                S5
                        PRECEDENCE,       AUTHORITY       AND COMMAND



2. Should there be no commissioned    ofllcer or     1037.   Authority of Warrant Officers, Non-
warrant otlker at the scene, the senior petty                Commissioned   Officers and Petty
05cer or nonmmmissionsd    ofilcer present shall             Officers.
assume cOmnmnd-
                                                     Chief warrant officers, warrant officers,      m“.
3. The person who assumed mmmsmd under the           commissioned    ot%cers and petty officers sha))
circumstances    described in this Article shall     have, under their superiors,       sII necessary
have theautboritytn      apprehend any person in     authority for the proper performance       of their
the naval service.                                   duties, and they shall be obeyed accordingly.

                                                     1038. Authority   of a Sentry.
1033.   Authority snd Status of Persons in
        the Caast Guard, National Oceanic            A sentry, within tbe limits ststed in hLs or her
        and Atmospheric   Administration             orders, has authority over all persons on his or
        and Public Heaftb Ssrvice.                   her post.

                                                     1039.   Authority of Juniors     to Issue Orders
Whenever. by order of the President. uersonnel
                                         .                   to Seniors.
of the Coast Guard snd the .National Oceanic
snd Atmospheric Administration, and offmers of       No member of the armed forces is authorized, by
the Public Health Service, are ssrving ss part of    virtue of his or her rank alone, to give any order
the naval service, they shall be subject to the      or grant any privilege, permission or liberty to
laws, regulations and orders which pertain to        any of%cer senior t.ahim or her. A member is not
the Navy insofar as maybe necessary            for   required    to receive   such order,    privilege,
command       discipline   and effective   naval     permission or liberty from a junior, unless such
administration.    Otherwise, they shall continue    junior is at the time:
to be subject ta laws, regulations and orders of
                                                        a. in commmd of the ship or other command
their respective ssrvices.    They shall have the
                                                     ta which the senior is atwchd,
same authority and control over otlicers and
enlisted persons of the other s4rvices as that t.a      b. in command or direction     of the military
which their grade, rank or rats entitles them in     expedition  or duty on which      such senior is
their respective ssrvices.                           serving

                                                        c. an executive cdlicer executing   an order of
103S.   Authority of Officers   WItb Acting
                                                     the commanding ofiicer
        Appointments.
                                                        d. a sentinel or member of the armed forces
An oficer duly appointed ta act in any grade         police issuing an order in connection with such
shall, while serving under such an appointment,      duties or
have the ssme authority as if he or sbe held a
                                                        e. a military  judge   issuing  an order        in
comtilon     in the acting grade.
                                                     connection with court-martial proceedings.




86
                                                                          Chapter 10
     PRECEDENCE,                                              AUTHORITY                                AND COMMAND
                                                       Section 3. Detail to Duty

                                                                           Contents



                                                                         AA+                                                                                          A rlide

Basis f.r Delail.q . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1050    Cammmdof.S @CarpsActivity                       ..                ...                1059
Clumeesin Detaiisto O.ly             ....................                 105 I   Multi.serviceCnmmmds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             10s0
Ordm-ntnActiveService                             .    .          .       1052    Octail.fExecutive Officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            1061
C.-mmmdOin TaskForce               .. ................ .                  1053    Oetail of Heads of Oepmtmmts and
C-ammandofa Nwnl Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             1054                 ................................
                                                                                      Otieromcem                                                                       1062
&m-ndofa        Na.nl Shipyard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          I055    Oemil of%sms     Performing
Camzmnd .afn Ship            .......            .                         1056       Medical .arf&l,gmus6crvices                ............... ...                    1063
C.munandofm AcLivity
           Air                         ...................                1057    Detail af Euliswd Perwms for
(kmmmndofe ..subnmrine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          1058       Certain Outies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    10S4




1050. Basis for Details.                                                           2. In the event that the senior offker present on
                                                                                   a foreign     station   issues   any orders     as
Appointments, details, tr$msfers and assign-
                                                                                   contemplated    by this article, he or she shall
ments shall be made on the basis of official
                                                                                   report the facts, including      tbe reasons   for
records.
                                                                                   issuing such orders, tn the Commandant of the
                                                                                   Marine Gmps, or the Chief of Naval Personnel,
1051.        Changes           in Details@            Duty.
                                                                                   as appropriate, without delay.
No officer, except the senior offker present, shall
                                                                                    3. Retired ot%ers of the Navy and Marine Carps
change the detail of a person assigned by a
                                                                                    may be ordered to active service, with their o
superior    to a specific     duty without      the
                                                                                    consent, in time of peace. In time of war or a
permission of that superior.     Tbe senior officer
                                                                                    national emergency, such retired oficem       may,                                          .   ‘~
present shall not change the delail of any person
                                                                                    at the discretion of the secretary of the Navy, bS                                              ~ .
without good and sufficient      reason and shall
                                                                                    ordersd ta active service.
report all changes and the reasons for them @
the superior without delay.
                                                                                    10S3.          Command               of a Task Force.

1052.        Orders        to Active         Service.                              1. A commander in chief, and any other naval
                                                                                   commander, may detail in command of a task
1. No person who is on leave of absence or not on
                                                                                   force, or other task command, any eligible officer
active service shal I be ordered into active service
                                                                                   within his or her command whom he or she
or on duty      without      permission      of the
                                                                                   desires. All other ofiicers ordered to the task
Commandant of the Marine Corps, or the Chief
                                                                                   force or the task command shafl be considered
of Naval Personnel, as appropriate, except:
                                                                                   subordinate to the designated mmrnander.
  a. In the case of a psrson on leave of absence,
                                                                                   2. All orders issued under the authority of this
by the officer  who granted     the leave or a
                                                                                   article shall continue in effect after the death or
superior.
                                                                                   disability of the olTcer issuing them until they
   b, By the senior oi%cer present on a foreign                                    are revoked by his or her successor in command
.5
 Lation.                                                                           or higher authority.




                                                                                                                                                                         87
                                                    PRECEDENCE.           AUTHORITY       AND COMMAND



                   3. Thepowers delegated            toacommander        by this    4, An o~]cer oft        Navy shall not normally be
                   article are not conferred         on any other     oficerby      detailed to comma          an aviation unit of the
                   virtue   of the    fact   that   he or she   is   the senior      Marine Corps nor sb        an oflicer of the Marine
                   officer present.                                                   orps normally be d          iled to command       an
                                                                                    a “ntion unit of the Nav         Aircraft units of the
                   1054.    Command          of a Naval Base.                        M “ne Corps may, how              r, be assigned    to
                                                                                    ship or to naval air activ           ‘es in the same
                   The ofiicer detailed ta command a naval base
                                                                                     mann    as aircraft      units o        e Navy and,
                   shall be an oflicer of the line in the Navy,
                                                                                    convers    , aircraft units of the        vy may be 50
                   eligible for command at sea.
                                                                                    assigned     Marine Corps air activi          A group
                                                                                    composed        aircraft units of the          vy and
                   1055.    Command          of a Naval Shipyard.
                                                                                    aircraft uni      of the Marine         Corps    ay be
                   The officer    detailed  to command     a naval                  commanded ei         r by an offker of the N         or
                   shipyard    shall be trained   in the technical                  an OKlcer of the      rine Corps.
                                                                                   \\
                   aspects of building and repair of ships and shall
                   have had substantial previous experience in the                   1058.   Command       ofa Submarine.
                   technical and management phases of such work.
                                                                                    The ofllcer detailed ta command a submarine
                   Such officer may have been designated         for
                                                                                    shall be an officer of the line in the Navy,
                   engineering duty.
                                                                                    eligible for command at sea and qualified for
                                                                                    command of submarines.
                   1056.    Command          of a Ship.

                   1. The officer detailed   to command     a com-                  1059.    Command       of a Staff Corps    Activity.
                   missioned ship shall be an oflicer of the line in
                                                                                    Officers in a staff corps shall be detailed to
                   the Navy eligible for command at sea.
                                                                                    command only such activities as are appropriate
                   2. The officer detailad to commmd an aircratl                    LOtheir corps.
                   carrier, an aircraft tender, or a ship with a pri-
                   mary task of operating or supporting aircraft                     1060.   Muldaervice     Commands.
                   shall be an oftlcer of the line in the h’avy,
                                                                                    1. When different commands of the Army, Navy,
                   eligible for command at sea, designated      as a
                                                                                    Air Force, Msrine Corps and Coast Guard join or
                   naval aviator or naval flight oflicer.
                                                                                    serve togeth&, the o~cer highest in rank in any
                                                                                    of the armed services on duty there, who is
            +      1057.    Command          of an Air Activity.
                                                                                    otherwise eligible ta command, commands      all
      QL
             ~     1. he officer detaild     to command       a naval               those forces unless otherwise directed by the
      ~~   @,      avi ion school, a nava      “r station, or a naval               President.
                             organized    fo    flight   tactical  or
                                                                                    2. An officer of the naval service in command of
     ~~~’’~~@$m~          “$ativeP.W==s           llbesnoflicerofthe                a unilied, specf]ed, joint or combined command
                   hne ]    he Navy, designa        as a naval aviator
                                                                                    is not authorized tn exercise operational control
                   or nav     flight oKlcer, eligi e for command at
                                                                                    over United States naval forces not speciticsily
\!                 sea.
                                                                                    assigned ta that command for operations, nor is
                   2. The o      er detailed tn com      nd a naval air             he or she authorized to exercise authority      as
                   activity of      hnical nature on      ore may be an             senior officer present or senior officer present
                   officer of th line in the Navy n          eligible for           afloat over such United States naval forces.
                   command      at ea but designate         as a naval
                                                                                    1061.    Detail of Executive    Officer.
                   aviator or nav      flight ofilcer or de       ated for
                   aeronautical en       eering duty.                               1. The officer detsiled as executive o~lcer shall
                             ii
                                                                                    bean ofilcer eligible b succeed to commsnd who,
                   3. The officer det “led @ command a          arine




                                             /!
                                                                                    when practicable,      is next in rank to the
                   Corps aviation     sc 001, a Marine Co       s air
                                                                                    commanding officer.
                   activity on shore or      Marine Corps ai unit
                   organized for flight tac ‘cal purposes shall    an               2. When no officer     has been detailed    as
                   officer of the Marine        rps, designated      a              executive  officer by the Commandant    of the
                   naval aviator or naval flig    ofticer.                          hlarine Corps or the Chief of Naval Personnel,




                   M
.   .
                                                                                                                          .
                                                                             **+                **+.+**.                                          +..
                                                                                                 V??CLAESIFEC
                                                                             *+.                . ...+...                                         ++..


                                                     q                      COG:          ALNAV           DISTP.13UTION                            ..-+*++


        P.       051525Z                 JTL         95
        FM:       SE-V                   WASFHNGTON                          DC
        INFO          CNO          WASHINGTON                       DC


        Subject:                   U.s             ~W            =GULATIONS,                               1990               INT331M              CIIII?JGE//


        mCIM                   //N05800//
        A.mAv          039/95
        MSGID/GENADMIN/NO                                    9SL/        /
        SUBJ/U             S           NAVY          SSTJLATIONS                        ,       1990        2Ni”EZtM                    G.4NGX/              /
        wF/A/Doc/sEmzF/16LnR93//
        REF/B/DOC/SECNAV/16                                    SEP90//
        RSF/C/DOC/U                         .S.    CODE/26           FEB70//
        NAR2/R5F                   A     IS        SE~EF             LTR              OF        16     APR        93,           ROL=S ,                MISSIONS,                  AN=     FUNCTIONS
        OF     TI          ~                      FORC=S            OF        THS           0N2T=D              STATES.                       REF        ~       IS       U.S.       i-JNY
        FSGULATIONS                      ,        1990.             RS!S          C IS           10     U. S.C.                 SECTION                  5942.//
        =/1.       IN                        L=F        A,     SSCOEF                  DIRFXTED                   SECAIF,                ASSIST=                      BY     SEGJAV,           TO
        CONSOLIDATE                          2NIT7A                 FI~-W2NG                           AIRCPJL~                    ZlA2N2N               G ?OR              ALL      S3RV2CSS
        IN     IMP~ING                                  TZIIS        DIR3CT~                           2N       PRIMARY                  TFLA2NING ,                      A2R     FOFCE        AND
        NAVY          SEW                INSTRUCTOR                          ‘dCHANGES                  IN       ~Y                     =94            AND FOLLOH                       WITH
        STUDENT                EXCEiANGES                     2N     LATS              FY94
        2.       FDRTHSR                     SLANS            CALL            FOR ’23E                 P?.OTOWE                         MULTI - SE311                     CE ~ING
        PAGE          02       RDENWliQ                 836         UNCLX
        SQUADRONS ,                      35        ~S         REESE               hF        ,    T==             ~              VT       3,        =             WAITING             F=LO,
        FLORIDA            ,       TO        l??=         ALTERNATING                            USAF           AND USN/USMC                             O?TICSRS                 ASSIGNED           AS
        CO~~G                            OFFICERS                   0?        TZS           SQUADRONS
        3.       THERE                 IS         NO STATUTORY                         LIMITATION                         TIZAT WOULD                        ?3SCLOD=              NAVY
        TRAINING                   SQOAD?.ONS                  FROM 3EING                            COMMANDED 3Y                            AIR         F07!CZ             OR MAFJNS           COZDS
        OFFICEXS               ;       IiOWELE2 ,              A CFUWGE                         TO     ARTICLS                  1057          OF         ?.S?         B     IS    ~CSSSARY             IX
        02D5P.         TO          PROCEED                WITX.              IM?L~                   iATION               OF       ~           COK%X.ND P:HASE 0?                             SE~EF        ,S
        CONSOLIDATION                              DIRECTIIPI
        4.       ARTICLE                     1057         OF R3F                  S    IS        ~-a                      TO       .-              AS        FOLLOWS :
        2.057.             CO!@lAND                 OF       AN A2R                   ACTIVIH               :
                 1.            TEE           OFFICER               DETA2L~                       TO     COMMAND A NAVAL                                      AVIATION              SC<OOL ,          .=.
        NAVAL          A2R             STATION,                OR A NAVAL                            AIR        oNIT            ORGANIZSD                        FOR FLIGSI              TACTICAL
        PURPOSES                   SHALL            BE       AN OFFICER                          OF     TICZ LINE                       IN    TH2            NAVY,           DESIGNATED              A5     A
        NAVAL          AV2ATOR                     OR NAVAL                   FLIGST                 OFFICER,                   ELI GISLE                    FOR          COf@lANO       AT     SEX.
                 2.            FOR           T3E        PURPOSES                      OF TITLE                  10,           U. S.C.          ,       SE~ION                5942,       A NAVAL
        AIR      TRAINING                     SQUADRON                       IS       NOT        CONS IDER=D                       TO BE               A NAVAL               AVIATION           SGiCOL
        OR A NAVAL                      AIF.        UNIT           ORGANIZED                         FOR        FLIGhi                  ZA~ICAL                   PURPOSES                    THE
        OFFICER                DETAILEE                   TO       COMFUWC A NAVAL                                    AIR          =NING                         SQUADRON              O?. AM A2?.
        UNIT        O?LGANI ZED                     FOR        Pi3NINISTRAT2VE                                  PDRPOSSS                     S~                  SS    A LINE           OFFICER
        07    THE NAVAL                       SZRVICS,                       DES IGNATED                    AS        A NAVAL                 AVIATOR                  OR NAVAL               FLIGET
        2-AGE         03       RUEli-036                           ~CL2.S
        OFFICSR            ,       ELIG13LE                  FOR             COMMAND.                   IF       A NAVAL                     AIFt        T?d2NING                 SQUADRON           9=
        3EEN        DESIGNATED                          A MULTI - SSRVICS                               TRAINING                        SOUADRON ,                    ‘E=        OFFICER
        DETAILED                   TO        CO~                 THAT                 SQUAORON                  NAY           S2        A LI.NE              0F?IC3R              FROM AIJY
        A-TWEC SERVICE                            D5S IGNATED                         A5 .=             Equivalent                           OF        A NAVAL               AVIATOR           OR
        NAVAL          FLIG-~                 OFFICER                ANC              OTHERWISZ                  ELIG13k-                     TO         COFWAN’D AN AVIATION
        SQUAD20N                   OR UNIT                ~3p.                T1-:qT            OFFICER,              S       PE3TI.NSNT                     S22V2CS              RSG-ULATiONS
                 3.            TIJZ 07?ICSR                        L3ETAIL?D                     TO     COMMAND A NAVAL                                   AIR          ACT2VITY               OF A
        TSC-XICAL                   NA~RE                 ON SHORE                     MAY BS               M?        0SS1=                   OF         T_-=         LINE        IN    T!=     N2NY
        NOT      ELIGIBLZ                     FOR. COWWAND AT                                   SZA ,       BUT           D2SZGNATZD                         .=S A NAViJL AVIATO?.                         O?.
        A    NAVAL             FI,IGhI              OFFZ CS?                  OR DESIGNATED                               :02           =~ONA~ICX                            ENGIX=ER2NG
        DUTY
    . .

                   4.      THE         OFFICER           DETAILSD         TO     CCMMAND A i%U!INZ                       CORPS       AVIATION
          sCXOOL,          A MA--INS              CoRPS       ~R      ACT~im              ON SHO=              OR A MARINE                COLDS          AI?.
          DN2T      ORGIXIZEO                FOR       FLIGET       TACTICAL          PU’RPOSZS            SHALL          BE    AN OFFIG                   0?
          TSE      NA!!INE         COWS,              DZSIGNATZD          P-S A NAVAL             AVIATOR            OR NAVAL             FLIGi7T
          OFFICER
                   5.      oTRZR         ‘TH2Ji AN           AIR TRAINING             SQUAORON,                AN OFFICER              OF TEE            ~.-”-<
          S13.PLL NOT           NORMALLY               BE DET2J=               TO    COMMAND AN AVIATION                         ONIT        OF      TEi
          MiLQINE CORPS                 NOR      SI-??        AN OFFICER             OF ‘T=         MARINE           CORPS       NOR’-lALLY              BS
          DETAILSD            TO       CObMAND           AN AVIATION             ONIT      O?     TICE NAVY.               AIRcP-2sI              UNITS           OF
          PAGE      04     RUENAAA2836                   ONCLAS
          THE      MLWXE           CORPS         t4AY,       HOW=VER,          SE    ASSIGN=D            TO     SHIPS          OR TO NAVAL                xx
          ACTMTIES                 IN    THS          SAhCS !lANNER        AS       AIRCRAFT            OliITSOF           THE       NAVY         AND,
          CONVERSELY,                  A231~                UNITS     OF THE NAVY                !=iY    BE     SO AsSIGN=                 TO       MARIE
          CORPS         AIR     ACTMTIES                      A G20UP          COMPOS=            OF AIRCRAFT                 UNITS        OF      T&E        NAVY
          AND A2RCPXiT                  UN2TS          OF lXS       MARINS          CORPS        MAY BE         COMMANOEO EITii=i=                       BY X-4
          OFFICER          OF      =         NAVY        OR AN OFFICSR               OF THE MARINE                   CORPS
          S        NOTES        REGARDING               TRS    A30VE       CiANGZS          .     NAvREGS            1057.1          HAS     B.=
          c?iANGEll        TO      BE    cONSISTENT                WITR    THE       RELEVANT            STATOTE,             REF     C     (1.    S.,
          DELETING            UNITS          0RGANIZS22            FOR    “ADMINISTRATIVE                  “    PURPOSES             F20M         NAVP.=GS
          1057.1          COVSRAGE)                    ARTICLE        1057.2         IS    =IRSLY               NSW       AND,       CONSIS2E!iT
          WIT33 REF           C,       DOES      NOT REQOIF.E             ‘TIE      COMMANDER OF A TWiINING                               SQ~RON                TO
          BE A NAVAL               AVIATOR             OR NAV~           FLIGliT      OFFICER.                 IT    PSRMITS          OTn=
          SERVICE          OFFICERS              TO     SERVE       AS    CO M24ANDING OFFICSRS                          OF DESIGNA~
          MOLTI - SERVICE                N7UTAL A2R            TRAINING             SQO?3XONS                  NAVREGS          1057.3            AND
          1057.4
          FUiVE NOT           BEEN       cSANGEO            BUT     HAVE       BEEN       RENUMBERED.                    NAVREGS          3.057.5         XI?IS
          2TIS     WORDS        “OTHER           TRAN        AN AIR       TRAINING              SQG%DRON”            AT    TRS       BEGINNING                m
          CONFIRM          THE         ACCEPTX@ILITY                OF Ti?S         P=CKfCS             OF ASSIGNING                 ?-lA??lI=       CO==S
          OFFICERS            TO       CO!JMAND OF NAVAL                  AV2ATION              ‘TFUCUJING SQOADRONS
          6.       IN     LIEO         OF ENTS21NG             TEIS       INTSRIM          C=LWGE         IN        =F     B,    MA-KS BOLD
          PAGE      05     ROENAAA2 S36                 0NCLA5
          LEE            NOTATION              AT     BEGINNING           OF ART          1057,         C-SEE AJ.NAV            X.195”             AND        .?ii.E
          3%1S      ALNAV          WITH        REF      B
          7.       THIs       INTERIM            CH?GZ         WILL       BE     INCOP.P02JLTED                INTO       TEE    =           P~I~
          REEISION            OF RSF           B.//
          B.       RSLEASSD             BY     ‘T=      FZONOR.=LZ         JOI-IN ii.           DALTON.
          FIT
          $2836
          NNNN

I
                                       PRECEDENCE,          AUTHORITY     AND COMMAND



         as appropriate,  or when the officer so detailed is         or permitted    to psrform   only   such   duties   as are
         absent or incapable of pm-forming the duties of             related   to medical,dental or religious service
         the offtce, the commanding ofilcer shall detail             and the administration     of medical, dental or
         the senior line officer within the command and              religious   units and establishments.       This
         eligible to succeed to command as executive                 restriction  is necessary    to protect the non-
         officer except that, if the commanding ofilcer is a         combatant status of these personnel under the
         member of a staff corps, he or she may detail as            Geneva Canventians of August 12,1949.
         executive o~lcer the next senior oftlcer in the
         appropriate staff corps.                                    1064.     Detail of Enlisted Persons for
                                                                               certain Duties.
         1062.       Detail of Heads of Departments         and
                                                                     1. Petty offlcem and noncommissioned  ofiicers
                     Other Officers.
                                                                     shall not bs detsiled to perform mess duties,
                                                                     except     when nonrated   personnel are not
         When no officer       has been detailed     by the
                                                                     available.
         Commandant of the Marine Corps or the Chief of
         Naval Personnel, as appropriate, as head of a               2. Marines shall not be detailed 1A psrform the
         department       or other    subdivision    of the          duties of master-at-arms,    yeoman or hospital
         command,      or to specific      duty within   the         corpsman, except in case of emergency,     which
         department or subdivision, or when the ofticer so           shall be determined by the commanding officer.
    ,.   dehiled is absent or incapable of performing the            When nscessary b make such an assignment, it
I        duties so assigned, the commanding officer may              shall continue only until a suitable psrson can
         detail a suitable officer to perform such duty.             bs selected for the required duty.

                                                                     3. Under such regulations as the Sscretary    of
         1083.       Detail of Persons Performing                    the Navy prescribes, enlisted members of the
                     Medical or Religious Services.                  naval service and enlistsd members of the Coast
                                                                     Guard when it is operating as a service in tbe
         While   assigned     ta a combat   area during   a psriod   Navy may be assigned to duty in a service
         of armed     conflict,   members   of Medical,   Dental,    capacity in ofllcers’ messes and public quarters
         Chaplain,         Service, Nurse or Hospital
                       Medical                                       where the Sscretary finds that this use of the
         Carps and Dental Technicians shall be detailed              members is desirsble for military reasons.




                                                                                                                                  I




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I




    90
                                                                                    Chapter 10
         PRECEDENCE,                                                    AUTHORITY                                  AND COMMAND
                                                 Section 4. Succession to Command

                                                                                      Contents



                                                                                   ArtiA                                                                                   At-akk

    Sank and Grade of.. Offker Wbo                                                              s accession raCammand ofa Subnmrim . . . . . . . . . . . .                  Ioea
        Succeeds wCommand            ......................                          1070       Suacsaioninauttk      ..............................                        1081
    Successim Pw.$critmdby a                                                                    .%messim ta Cammand by
        CammmderinChief              .. ........... ........                         107 I          Ofiicers intbe SwJTC.mps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    10s2
    succession ofa Oep.ty or                                                                    ~           to Cammand by
        Vicec.1.nmmder      ...........................                              IM2            ffirn    fhignnwd for Engineering
    s ucceasionof a Chief .af.%ff and                                                               Dutyorspecialn”ty     ... ......................
       Other .%ffOHicrm        .........................                             1073       Suussion b Command hy tine
    Suces&m 10Cammand of a Fleet,                                                                   Officem Designated fOrLimiti D.ty              ...........
       %bdi.iskm of a FleeL Fleet hfarim Force m                                                s uccE$&m coCommad by Chief
        %bdivisi..   of. Fleet Marine Form . . . . . . . . .                         1074           Wmrmn Oaicemd        Wmrmlt Oficcm                  ........            10ss
    s —“m       w ilmmmnd ofa Naval                                                             s uccasion ta Canunmd by
       Symemstimmmd            .......... ..............                            1075          Officersafthe MmineCoqts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          10s6
    Sua&nto        C-ammmdofaN avalSase                          ........           1076        %ccesian coCanmmd.. Oerach.entafan
    s ucceasi.n u Command of a Nav. I                                                              OEicerin CmnmnndWi LhO”lReiief     ....... .....                         10s7
       ‘SJmre Activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     Ion        Seiiefof a Camnmdimg Ofil-m t.Ya
    s~ntc.         cammmld Ofasbip                 .... ... .... .                   1078          sutmrdimta   .......... .................... ...                         loss
              “In fhmmmdofanAircmf
                               tUnil                                                 1079




    1070.         Rank and Grade of an Officer                                        who        offker by virtue of the fact that he or she is the
                  succeeds to Command.                                                           senior officer prec.ent.

    An offker          who succeeds to command                            acquires         no
                                                                                                  1072.       Succession of a Deputy or Vice
    increase        of rank        nor change            in grade. by virtue               of
                                                                                                              Commander.
    such succession               alone.

    1071.         Succession Prescribed                           by a Com-                      Except as otherwise provided for specitlc cases, a
                  mander in Chief.                                                               deputy or vice commander          shall succeed    to
                                                                                                 command in the case of the incapacity or death
    A commander      in chief and, when empowered by
                                                                                                 of the off:cer whose deputy or vice commander he
    the Chief of Naval Operations, any other naval
                                                                                                 or she is, and, unless the latter directs otherwise.
    commander        may prescribe        the order   of
                                                                                                 at other times during the absence of such oKlcer.
    succession    to command,     including   bis or her
    own, among the various aflicers whom he or she
                                                                                                  1073.       Succession  of a Chief of Staff and
    h= detailsd ta commend task forces or other
                                                                                                              Other Staff Officers.
    task commands.       All orders issued under the
    authority of this article shall continue intn effect                                         In the absence or incapacity of the commander
i   after the incapacity      or death of the officer                                            on whose statT he is serving, a chief of staIT, chief
    issuing    them until revoked        by his or her                                           staff ofticer, or other officer on a staff may
    successar in command or by h]gher authority.                                                 succeed to command if next in rank within the
    The powers delegated       to a naval commander                                              command and otherwise eligible as provided in
    under this article are not conferred on any other                                            these regulations.




I                                                                                                                                                                            91
                                        PRECEDENCE.                    AUTHORITY      AN DCOMMAND



107L         Succession to Command ofa Fleet,                                    officer present in emergency or other unforeseen
             Subdivision of a Flee& Fleet Marine                                 situations which demand his or her action.
             Force or Subdivision of a Fleet
             Marine Force.                                                       1075.   Succession to Command of a Naval,
                                                                                         Systems Command.
1. In      the      event      of    the       incapacity,            death,
departure        on leave or detachment                   without       relief   1. When there is a vacancy in the oflice of the
ofacommander                inch
                               iefof           a fleet,   a commander            commander      of a naval systems command          or
of a subdivision         of a fleet,         a commanding           general      during the disability      of the commander      of a
of a fleet    marine        force,     or a commanding              general      naval systems command, or during the absence
of a subdivision  of a fleet msrine force, or when                               of a commander of a naval systems command
such officer is absent from his or her command                                   and unless he or she directs otherwise, the vice
due LO orders from competent authority and ao                                    commander shai) succeed to the command of the
directs,  the following    applies with regard   to                              naval systems command until a successor takes
succession            Lo command,               unless       competen~           office, or the disability or the absence ceases.
authority          prescribes          that     a deputy         or    other
                                                                                 2. When the foregoing       paragraph   cannot be
officer    shall      sumeed        w command.            With        respect
                                                                                 complied     with because     of the disability   or
La:
                                                                                 sbsence of the vice commander, the oficer on the
      a.   A fleet,    he    senior      line officer      of the Navy,          stafTof the commander next senior in rank of the
eligible      for     command           at in the fleet or
                                              sea,                               line or of the same slaflcorps as the commander,
suMivision          of a fleet shall succeed to command.                         as appropriate, shall succeed IQ command of the
                                                                                 naval systems      command,      unless otherwise
   b. A fleet marine force, the senior otlicer of
                                                                                 direc~d by Lhe Chief of Naval Operations, until
the Marine Corps, eligible for command, in the
                                                                                 a successor takes office or the disability or the
fleet marine force or subdivision     of a fleet
                                                                                 absence of the commander or vice commander
marine force shall succeed LOcommand.
                                                                                 ceases.
2. During the absence from Kk or her command
or beadquarLers     of any of the commanders                                     1076.   Succession     to Command      of a Naval
referred to in paragraph 1 of thk+ article, and                                          Base.
when such oflicer has not directed that he or she
be succeeded in command as provided in the                                       1. 1n the event of the incapacity or death of Lhe
preceding paragraph,     succession to command                                   mmmander of a naval base, or when he or she is
shall be as follows                                                              absent and provided he or she so directs, he or
                                                                                 she shall be succeeded by the officer, eligible for
   a. The chief of staff                      or chief     staff officer
                                                                                 command at sea, designated by the commander
within a fleet_
                                                                                 of the naval base, with the approval         of the
   b. The deputy or assistant        commander                                   immediate supsrior.
within a fleet marine force, or the chief of staif if
                                                                                 2. During the absence of the commander             of a
a deputy     or assistant    commander      is not
                                                                                 naval base, and when he or she has not directsd
assigned.
                                                                                 that he or she be succeeded in command               as
3. An officer succeeding b command shall have                                    provided in the preceding paragraph, Lhe chief of
authority to issue orders required LOcarry on the                                stall’ or chief staH o~lcer shall have authority to
established     routine   and to perform       the                               issue the orders required         to carry on the
administrative   functions of the command.      He                               established        routine    and    perform       the
shall be the officer commanding      for the time                                administrative functions of the naval base. This
being for the administration and for the exercise                                shall not be construed ta limit the authority or
of general court-martial jurisdiction within the                                 responsibility    of the senior officer present in
command.     This shall noL be construed ta limit                                emergencies      or other unforeseen      situations
the authority and responsibility    of the senior                                wh~ch demand hk or her action.




92
                              PRECEDENCE,         AUTHORITY      AND COMMAND
I
    1077.   Succession   to Command       ofa Naval         2. [n the event of the incapacity, death, relief          ‘
            Shore Activity.                                 from duty or absence of the officer detiiled    to
                                                            command an aircraft group or wing, the line
    1. In the event of the incapacity,       death or
                                                            of?lcer next in rank within the command      and
    absence of the commanding officer or officer in
                                                            otherwise    eligible    as provided    in these
    charge of a naval shore activity not otherwise
                                                            regulations shall succeed tu command or cnntml,
    provided for in these regulations, the officer next
                                                            as appropriate,    until relieved  by cnmpetent
    in rank shall succeed ta command, except:
                                                            authority   or until the regular     commander
       a. The commanding       officer   shall   be         returns.
    succesded by the executive   officer who, if so
                                                            10S0.   Succession to Command ofa
    detailed bythe Chief of Naval Personnel. need
                                                                    Submarine.
    not be next in rank.
                                                            1. In the event of the incapacity, death, relief
        b. When appropriate, and notwithstanding
                                                            from duty or absence of the ofilcer detailed to
    the above subparagraph,     the Chief of Naval
                                                            command a submarine,          the executive    ofticer
    Operations may specify that the commanding
                                                            shall succeed ta command until relieved              by
    officer shall be succeeded by an officer eligible
                                                            competent     authority     or until the regular
    for command at sea, who need not be next in
                                                            commanding       officer   returns.   Succession     to
    rank.
                                                            command, after the commanding officer and the
                                                            executive ofllcer, of a submarine shall bs by the
    1078.   Succession    to Command ofa Ship.
                                                            line offker regularly attichcd ti and on bnsrd
    In the event of the incapacity, death, relief from      the submarine who is next in rcnk and qualifkd
    duty nr absence       of the officer    detailed   to   in submarines,      until relieved    by competent
    command      a ship, the executive     n~~cer shall     authority or until the regular         commanding
    succeed to command until relieved by compstsnt          officer or executive ofilcer returns.
    authority    or until the regular      commanding
                                                            2. [n nuclear puwered submarines,        succession
    oEicer returns.     Succession to command, after
                                                            shall be by the line officer satisfying the criteria
    the commanding         officer  and the executive
                                                            in paragraph       1. and who is additionally
    ofllcer, shall be by the line ofiicer in the h’avy
                                                            currently    qualified     for the supervision,
    eligible for command at sea, next in rank and
                                                            operation     and maintenance          of nuclear
    regularly attached to and on board the ship,
                                                            propulsion plants.
    until relieved by compstent authority or until
    the regular commanding         officer or executive     1081. Succession     in Battle.
    offxcer returns.
                                                            When a flag offtcer or nther commsnder of ships
    1079.   Succession tnCommcnd          of an             is incapacitated in battle the officer next in rcnk
            Aircraft Unit-                                  in the flagship and eligible ta succsed him or ber
                                                            shall succeed provisionally until the ofilcer who
    1. In the event of the incapacity, death, relief
                                                            would succeed as provided         in Article   1074
    from duty or absence of the officer detailed to
                                                            announces that he or she bas tsken mmmand.         It
    cnmmand an aircrail squadron, the executive
                                                            is the duty of the officer          who succeeds
    officer shall succeed to command until relieved
                                                            provisionally   ta repart, as saan cs practicable,
    by cnmpetent authority or until the regular
                                                            the incapacity of the flag officer h the officer
    commanding      oficer   returns.    Succession   to
                                                            who will succeed       to command      and to the
    command, after the commanding otTmer and the
                                                            immsdiate superior of the flag ofticer.
    executive officer, of an aircraft squadron shall kc
    by the line otliccr regularly attached to and on
                                                            1082.    Succession tn Command by Officers
    baard the aircraft squadron who is next in rcnk
                                                                    in the Staff Corps.
    and qualfled h command an aircrsft unit, until
    relieved by competent       authority or until the      Officers   in the staff carps may succeed  to
    regular commanding oflicer or executive oficer          command      only at such activities  as are
    returns.                                                appropriate ta their corps.




                                                                                                               93
                            PRECEDENCE,        AUTHORITY        AND COMMAND



    10S3.   Succsasion to Command by Officers            1087.   Succession to Command on Detach-
            Designated for Engineering Duty or                   ment of an Officer in Command With-
            SPecial Duty.                                        out Relief.

                                                         Should an officer    in command     be detached
    Officers   designated    for engineering   duty,
                                                         without relief, succession to command shall be
    aeronautical   engineering duty, or special duty
                                                         by the oftlcer who, in accordance     with these
    who are otherwise eligible as provided in these
                                                         regulations, would succeed ta command in case
    regulations,  may succeed to command only on
                                                         of the incapacity, death or abaence of the officer
    shore.
                                                         in command.

    1084.   Succession  to Commamd by Line
                                                         10S8.   Relief of a Commanding        Officer by a
            Officers Designated for Limited
                                                                 Subordinate.
            Duty.
                                                         1. It is conceivable     that most unusual       and
    Officers of the line designated for limited duty
                                                         extraordinary circumstances may arise in which
    may succeed to command         of an activity in
                                                         the relief from duty of a commanding officer by a
    conformity with the following.
                                                         subordinate      becomes    necessary,   either    by
       a. in ships, offlcera of the line of the Navy     placing the commanding ofllcer under arrest or
    designated for limited duty who are authorized       on the sick list. Such action shall never be taken
    to perform all deck duties afloat may succeed to     without the approval of tha Commandant of the
    command.                                             Marine Corps or the Chief of Naval Personnel,
                                                         as appropriate,     or the senior officer present,
       b. Within other commands        of the naval
                                                         except when reference to such higher authority
    service.  any limited     duty officer   with a
                                                         is undoubtedly      impracticable   because of the
    designator appropriate    to the function of the
                                                         delay involved or for other clearly         obvious
    activity may succeed to command.
                                                         reasons. In any event, a complets report of tbe
                                                         matter shall be made w the Commandant of the
    1085.   Succession to Command by Chief
                                                         Marine Corps or tbe Chief of Naval Persamel,
            Warrant Officers and Warrant
                                                         as appropriate, and tbe senior ofticer present,
            Officers.
                                                         setting forth all facts in the case and the reasans
    Chief warrant oflicers and warrant ot%cers may       for the action       or recommendation,         with
    succeed to command of an activity in conformity      particular    regard to the degree of urgency
    with the following                                   involvsd.

       a. In ships, chief warrant       officers and     2. In order that a subordinate     officer, acting
    warrant ofiicers who are authorized to perform       upon his, or her own initiative,            may be
    all deck duties afloat may succeed to command.       vindicated for relieving a commanding        officer
                                                         from duty, the situation must be obvious and
        b. within   other commands    of the navsl
                                                         clear, -and must admit of the single conclusion
    service, any chief warrant oftlcer or warrant
                                                         that tbe retention       of command        by such
    ofilcer with a designator   appropriate  to the
                                                         commanding       officer    will seriously       and
    function    of tbe activity  may succeed     to
                                                         irretrievably prejudice the public interests. The
    command.
                                                         subordinate oflicer so acting

    10S6.   Succession to Command by Officers              a.    Mu&be   next in succession   to command.
            of tbe Marine Corps
                                                            b. Must be unable tn refer the matter to a
                                                         common superior for the reasons set forth in the
    An oflicer in the Marine Corps shall not succeed
                                                         preceding paragraph.
    la command of any ship or naval shipyard, or of a
    naval station, except when the oflicer detailed tn      c. Must be certain    that the prejudicial
    command the station is an officer of the Marine      actions of the commanding ofiicer are not caused
    corps.                                               by instructions unknown to him or her.




I
I   94
                              PRECEDENCE,          AUTHORITY     AND COMMAND



       d. Must have given thematter much careful            of these    regulations      to discourage      its
I   consideration,  and have made such exhaustive           employment in cases of this nature. However,
    investigation ofalltie  circumstincesas maybe           bscause the action of relieving     a senior from
    practicable.                                            command involves most serious possibilities,       a
                                                            decision to do so, or to so recommend, must be
       e. Must bs thoroughly    convinced   that the
                                                            based upon facts established       by substantial
    conclusion to relieve the commanding officer is
                                                            evidenca, and upon the official views of others in
    one which     a reasonable,      prudent    and
                                                            a position to form valid opinions, espscia]ly of a
    e%rienced     officer would regard as a necessary       tschnical character.    An ofllcer relieving his or
    consequence    fmm the frets thus determined to
                                                            her commanding ofiksr, or recommending        such
    exist.
                                                            action, together with all others who so counsel,
    3. Intdligent,f earlessi nitistivei sanimportanl        must IEM the legitimate responsibility for, and
    trait of military charsctsr,    It is not the purpose   must bs prspared @justify, such action.




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96
I                                     Chapter 11




                        GENERAL        REGULATIONS

I
        Section   1. Administration of Discipline
        Section   2. Standards of Conduct
    I   Section   3. Official Records
    I   Section   4. Duties of Individuals
    I   Section   5. Rights and Restrictions




                                                     97
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98
                                                                        Chapter 11
I
                                          GENERAL                         REGULATIONS
                                       Section 1. Administration of Discipline

                                                                         Contents

                                                                       A&/z                                                                                A tile
        Demmd ForOmnMmtinl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    I1OI    Placesof&&lnemem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1105
        Limicatimso. Certainpunishment-s . . . . . . . . . . .          1102    Tenqmmryf&mmationta Dury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            1106
        Suspension            Offmr . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                  .mArresL.afan                                         1103    F&fusalco Fkiumm Duty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     1107
        TreatmentandReleasec,fPrisoners .                . ...          110$                F    a
                                                                                Acmsaticms, &plies d &.nmter       Charges . . . . . . . . .                110s


        1101.      Demsnd         For Court Msrtiaf.                             desired degree of restrsint with a minimum of
                                                                                 force. Attachment of an individual ta a fiisd or
        Except as otherwise provided in the Uniform
                                                                                 immovable     object should be authorized    only
        Code of Mili&ry Justice, no person in the naval
                                                                                 when all elss fails snd then a continuous guard
        service may demand a court martial either on
                                                                                 shall be Wstsd with spscfic instructions to care
        him- or herself or cm any other person in the
                                                                                 for the individual w restrained in the event of an
        naval service.
                                                                                 emergency.
        1102.      Limitations         on Ce&           Punishments.             3. Except in cases of members of tie Naval snd
                                                                                 Marine Carps Reserve psrforcning inactive duty
        1. Instruments of restraint, such as handcuffs,
                                                                                 for training for a psriod of less thsn seven days,
        chains, irons and straitjackets,  shal 1 not be
                                                                                 the punishments of extra duties aod hard labor
        applied as punishment.      Other instruments   d                        without confinement shall not bs pa-formsd      on
        restraint may not hs used except for ssfe custody
                                                                                 Sunday,     although    Sunday    counts   in the
        and no longer than is strictly nccesssry under
                                                                                 computation      of the. period for which    such
        the following circumstances:
                                                                                 punishments me impossd.
           a. As a prscuution against escaps during the
                                                                                 4. Guard duty                 shall        not      be    inflicted           as
        transfer ota person in custody or cordhement.
                                                                                 punishment.
          b. On medical             grounds       by direction         of the
        medical officer.                                                         1103.        Suspension            or Arrest         of an Officer.

            c. By order of the commanding           officer or                   1. An officer placed under arrest or restriction
        officer in charge, if necessary ta prevent psrsmrs                       (with or without suspension fmm duty) on bosrd
        from injuring themselves        or others or from                        ship shall not be contined to his or her room or
        damaging property, provided thot other methods                           restrained fmm the pmpsr use of sny part of the
        of control are considered ineffectual.         In such                   ship @ which, before his or her suspension,
        instances, a medical examination shall & made                            arrest or contlnement, he or she had a right,
        at the earliest practicable time, preferably          in                 except the quarter-deck and bridges, unless such
    I   advance of the restraint,       to ensure that no                        arrest or restriction shsll be nscessary for the
        medical     contraindication        exists.        The                   safety of the ship or of the officer, or for the
        commanding     ofiicer or officer i“ charge shall                        preservation    of good order and discipline.
        submit a lettsr report of the details to the next                        Similarly, at a naval ststion or other place on
        superior authority and, if no medical officer is                         shore, the arrest or restriction impossd shall not
        available   to conduct the examination,           shall                  be unduly rigorous.
        submit a message report in lieu thereof.
                                                                                 2. An officer, when placed under arrest, sha 1I
        2. When restraint is imposed on an individual, it                        not visit his or her commanding officer or other
        should be in such a manner as tmaccomplish the                           superior officer unless sent for or to obtain



                                                                                                                                                             99
                                             GENERAL      REGULATIONS



    medical treatment or in case of emergency.     If        2. Intoxicated   persons or persons under the
    theofflcer  umisr arrest has business requiring          influence    of marijuana,    narcotics  or other
    s.ttention, he or she shall make it known in             controlled subsknces     shall not be conf:ned in
    writing.                                                 any place or manner that may be dangerous to
                                                             them in their condition.
    1104   Treatrnentand        Relesae   of Prisoners.
                                                             110S. Temporary        Restoration    to Duty.
    1. Persons     in confinement    shall be in the
                                                             A commanding        officer   or other competent
    custody of a master-at-arms       or other person
                                                             authority may temporarily release and restore
    desi~ated     by the commanding      officer. They
                                                             to duty any person          in custody   or under
    shall not be subjected       to cruel or unusual
                                                             restriction,  arrest or confinement,     should an
    treatment.     They shall be visited as necessary,
                                                             emergency     of the service or other sufficient
    but at least once every four hours to aacertain
                                                             cause make such measure necessary. The order
    their   condition,    and to care,      as may be
                                                             for temporary release shall be in writing and
    appropriate, for sheir needs.
                                                             shall assign the reasons. Should the person be
                                                             under charges, they need not be withdrawn, and
    2. The commanding       officer shall direct their
                                                             such temporary relesae and restoration @ duty
    releasa promptly upon the expiration       of their
                                                             shall    not be a bar to any subsequent
    cOnfinemenL     In case of fire or other sudden
                                                             investigation    or trial of the case that the
    danger which may imparil their lives, they shall,
                                                             convening authority may think proper la order,
    subject to such special orders as the commanding
                                                             nor ta the investigation      of any complaint  the
    oflker may have issued, be removed to a place of
                                                             accused may make in regard to the custody,
    safety or, when 2ppropriats, releasad within the
                                                             restriction, arrest or confinement.
    limits of the mmmand by the master-at-arms or
    other custodian, and the commanding          ofllcer
                                                             1107. Refusal   to Return     to Duty.
    shall be promptly informed oi the action taken.
                                                             No person in the naval service shall persist in
    3. No greawr      force     than that required      to   considering Kim- or herself in custody or under
    restrain or confine the     offender shall be used in    restriction, arrest or confinement after he or she
    &g      int.a custody a     person intoxicated   from    has been released by proper authority, nor shall
    indulgence in skohol,       or under the influence of    he or she refuss to return ta duty.
    marijuana,      narcotics      or other controlled
    substances.                                              1108.   Accusations,      Replies    and Counter
                                                                     Charges.
    110% Places    of COnfinemenL
                                                             1. Reports   or complaints,    and statements
                                                             submitted in reply to writtsn accusations or in
    1. Prisoners sbafl be ccmtlned only in brigs or
                                                             explanation     thereof,  shall be couched     in
    other facilities designated    as naval places of
                                                             temperate language and shall be confined to
    confinement     by the Secretary      of tbe Navy.
                                                             pertinent facts. Opinions shall not be expressed
    However, in cases of necessity, the senior officer
                                                             nor the motives of others impugned.
    present may mxhorize temporary ccmtlnement
    in spaces which provide       sufficient   security      2. Persons in the naval service to whom reports
    features, safety for both the prisaner and guard         or complaints are submitted for statement shall
    psrsomel,    and adequate living conditions:             not reply by making countercharges.




I
I
I ,.                                                                              Chapter 11
I
                                               GENERAL                               REGULATIONS
                                                    Section 2. Standards of Conduct

                                                                                    Contents

                                                                                 Arlidc                                                                                          Ariick
        StmdmdsofCond.
                  ct          . ... ... ... ... ... .... ... ..                   1110     Reportofttcficitor Excessof
        Pecunimy Dealingi WItb                                                                PublicMomyor Pmpcfiy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                    1114
           EnlistedPersms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       1111     seportaf Fr?’ud . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1115
        Lading MoneyandEngagingina                                                         AdrnimisrxstiveC-mtilofFun&                     ... ... ... .... .. .. .               1116
           Trsdeorftusimss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1112
                     o
        Cndorsemenc f C.xnmercial
           Pmductorer-        .. .. ... ... .. . . .... ... .                     11!3



        1110.        Stsndsrds            of Conduct-                                       accept deposits from an enlisted person for the
                                                                                            sole purpose of temporarily      safeguarding the
        All    Department              of the        Navy        personnel           are
                                                                                           ‘enlisted psrson’s personal funds under emer.
        exwcted    to conduct themselves in accordance                                      gency or opsrstional situations.
        with the highest standards       of personal  and
        professional      integrity and ethics.      At a                                    1112.         Landing Money and Engsging                                       in a
        minimum,      all personnel   shall comply with                                                    Trade or Business.
        directives issued by the Sscretary of Defense and
                                                                                            1. No persan in the naval service on active duty
        the Secretary       of the Navy regarding      the
                                                                                            who makes a loan of money to another member
        Standards of Canduct and Government Ethics.
                                                                                            of the armed services shall knowingly charge,
                                                                                            demand or receive money or other property
                                                                                            constituting interest in an amount or having a
        1111.        Pecuniary            Dealings          With Enlistsd
                                                                                            fair value in excess of eighteen    percent per
                     Persons.
                                                                                            annum simple intsrest.
        1. No officer shall borrow money or accept
                                                                                            2. Unless authorized by the commanding ofilcer
        deposits from, or have any pscuniary desiings
                                                                                            or bigher authority,      no person in the naval
        with an enlisted    person, except as may be
                                                                                            service    on active     service,   either  acting
        required in the p+rmance       of his or her duty,
                                                                                            independently or as an agent far another, shall
        and except for the sale of an item of persona I
                                                                                            engcge in a trade or business on board any ship
        propsrty which is for sale to other persons under
                                                                                            of the Navy or within any naval activity          or
        the same conditions of guarantee and for the
                                                                                            introduce any article for purposes of trade on
        same consideration,   and never having been the
                                                                                            boa-d any ship of the Navy or within any naval
        propsrty of the Government.
                                                                                            activity. The regular or systematic extension of
        2. Superiors, of flag                   or general  grade, may                      loans for profit is within the meaning af the k-m
        authorize, ss a duty,                   an ofi%er or ofilcers to                    “’business” for purposes of this article.




                                                                                                                                                                                  101

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                                         GENERAL         REGULATIONS



    1113.   Endorsement    of Commercial                    receipting for supplies, or having knowledge of
            Prod uct or Process.                            any fraud, collusion or improper conduct in such
                                                            matters connected with the Department of the
    Except     as necessary  during    contract     ad-
                                                            Navy,     he or she shall     report    the same
    ministration tn determine specification or other
                                                            immediately in writing b the proper authority,
    compliance, no person in the Department of the
                                                            specifying    the particular     act, or acts of
    Navy, in his or her official    capacity,     shall
                                                            misconduct,    fraud, neglect   or collusion  and
    endorse or express an opinion of approval or
                                                            desc.riblng any evidence which may assist in
    disapproval    of any commercial      product    or
                                                            proving same.
    process.
                                                             1116.   Adminkrative    Control   of Funds.
    1114.   Report   of Deficit or Excess   of Pu blic
                                                            No person in the Department of the Navy shall
            Money    or Property.
                                                            make or authorize an expenditure from or create
    Any person in the Department of the Navy who            or authorize     an ohiigation     under   any
    has knowlsdgeof    a deficit or excess of public        appropriations or fund in excess of the amoum
    money orpublic propsrty shall take prompt and           avadable therein; nor shall any such person
    appropriate action to bring the matter to the           involve the Gcwemment in any contract or other
    attention of his or her commanding     officer or       obligation for the payment of money for any
    appropriate superior.                                   purpose in advance of appropriations     made for
                                                            such purpose, unless such contract or obligation
                                                            is authorized    by law. No person         in the
    111S    Report   of Fraud.
                                                            Department of the Navy shall accept voluntary
    If any person in the Department of the Navy has         service for the United States or employ personal
    knowledge of any fraud, collusion or improper           service in excess of that authorized      by Iaw,
    conduct on the part of any purchasing or other          except in cases of emergency      involving   the
    agent or contractor, m on the part of any person        safety of human life or the protection          of
I   employed in superintending repairs, receiving or        property.
                                                                                Chapter 11

                                             GENERAL                               REGULATIONS
                                                          Section               3. Official Records


                                                                                  Contents

                                                                               At-tick                                                                                      Artir&
      PeraOrml Privmy andSightsof Individuals                                             MismnductaadLineofDuq Findings . . . . . . . . . . . .                             1124
         ~@im3~e*p=em=is=cn&                             ... .... .. .          1120      IQqleck. of the Remrdof ,
      DisAsure, Publication.snd%mrity of                                                     Persn. intie Navul.%tvice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 1125
         Ofli.inlhformutim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      1121      CarrectionofNavalSkn&               .. .. ... .... . .. .. ... . .                 1126
      AdverseMatterin lb. Semrd ofa                                                       C4”tmlofomcinl sEc0rd9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             1127
         Permointbe Naval%wice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  1122      Oficial SemmisinCitil C3urLs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 112s
      AdverseEmriesin !dedkal and                                                         lzeoXdsOfPiLneas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1129
         Denmlsemrds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1123




    1120.       Personal Privacy and Rights of                                           and approval by a releaae authority                                 designated
                Individuefs Regardiag Theic                                              by competent authority.
                Personaf Recocds.
                                                                                         2. No psrson in the Department          of the Navy
    1. Except as specifically providsd in this ssction,                                  shall convey or disclose        by oral or written
    maintenance of parsonal records of individuals,                                      communication,      publication    or other means,
    and the release of those records, shall be in                                        except es may bs required by his or her official
    accordance with the provisions of the Privacy                                        duties,    any information        concerning       the
    Act and directives issued by the Secretary of the                                    Department of Defense or forces, or any person,
    Navy.                                                                                thing, plan or measure         pertaining    thereto,
                                                                                         where such information        might be of possible
    2. Except as specifkally provided in this section,
                                                                                         assistance    1A a foreign power; nor shall any
    the release of departmental    records to private
                                                                                         psrsan in the Department of the Navy make any
    parties   shall be in accordance       with the
                                                                                         public speech or permit publication of an article
    provisions of the Freedom of Information       Act
                                                                                         written by or for that person which is prejudicial
    and directives issued by the Secretary of the
                                                                                         to the interests of the United States.            The
    Navy.
                                                                                         regulations    concerned     with the release        of
    1121.      Disclosure.   Publication                     end Security                information ta the public through any media
               of Official Information.                                                  will bs as prescribed by the Sscret.ary of the
                                                                                         Navy.
    1. No person in the Department         of the Navy
    shall convey or disclose       by orel or written                                    3. No person in the Department          of the Navy
    communications,    publication, graphic (including                                   shall disclose    any information         whatever,
    photographic)    or other means, any classified                                      whether classillad or unclassified,      or whether
    information    except as provided in directives                                      obtained from ofilcial      records or within the
    governing    tbe release of such information.                                        knowledge of the relator, which might aid or be
    Additionally, no psrson in the Dspertment of the                                     of assistance in the prosecution or support of any
    Navy shall communicate or otherwise deal with                                        claim     against   the United        States.    The
    foreign entities, even on an unclassW1ed basis,                                      prohibitions pres-cribsd by the first sentence of
    when this would commit the Department of the                                         this paragraph are not applicable ti an offker or
    Navy to disclose classi@d     military information,                                  employee of the United States who is acting in
    except as may be required         in that person’s                                   the propsr course of, and within the scope of, his
    oficial duties and only after coordination with                                      or her official     duties,    provided    that the




I                                                                                                                                                                           103
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                                         GENERAL          REGULATIONS



    disclosure  of such information    is otherwise          1123.   Adverse Entries     in Medical     and
    authorized by statute, Executive Order of the                    Dental Records.
    President or departmental regulation.
                                                             1. The medical officer or dental officer shall
    -t. Any person in the Department of the Navy             inform the person concerned whenever an enlry
    receiving    a request   from the public     for         is made in such person’s medical record or dental
    Department     of the Navy records    shall be           record of a serious il Iness, operation, injury or
    governed by the provisions of Lhe Freedom of             physical defect which may adversely afTect, in
    Information   Act and implementing   directives          other than a temporary degree, the person’s
    issued by the Secretary of the Navy.                     efficiency in the performance of duty.

    5. Persons    in the Department    of the Navy           2. The medical officer or dental officer shall
    desiring LOsubmit manuscripts LOcommercial               inform, in writing, the commanding officer and
    publishers     on professional,    political    or       the person concerned whenever an entry is made
    international     subjects  shall comply     with        in the latter’s medical record which indicates
    regulations promulgated by the Secretary of the
                                                                a. that     a disease     or   injury    may   be
    X avy.
                                                             attributable   ta misconduct
    6. l$operso    ninth enavalservic    eonactiveduty
                                                                b. the use by such person of intoxicants ta a
    or civilian employee of the Department of the
                                                             degree presumed     to disqualify  such person
    Navy shall acL as correspondent         of a news
                                                             physically, mentally or morally for performance
    service or periodical, or as a television or radio
                                                             of duty; or
    news commentamr or analyst, unless assigned to
    such duty in connection with the public tiairs              c. Lhe use by such person of marijuana,
    activities  of the Department     of the Navy, or        narcotic   substances     or other    controlled
    authorized by the Secretary of the Navy. Except          substances as defined in these regulations.
    as authorized by the Secretary of Lhe Navy, no
                                                             3. The medical officer or dental of’liter normally
    person assigned to duty in connection          with
                                                             shall permit access tn the rscord by the person
    public affairs activities of the Department of the
                                                             concerned    when adverse      entries   are made.
    Navy shall receive any compensation for acting
                                                             Should the medical officer or dental officer deem
    aa such correspondent, commentator or analyst.
                                                             the condition impractical LOinform the member
                                                             of the entry or ta permit him or her access to the
    1122.   Adverss Matter in Officer Fitness
                                                             record, the medical officer or dental ofllcer shall
            Reports and Enlisted Performance
                                                             advise the commanding ofiicer, and shall make a
            Evaluation Reports.
                                                             notation of this action and opinion in the record.
    If adverse matter appears in a fitness report of         As soon as circumstances       permit, the person
    an o~icer of the Navy and Marine Corps, or in a          concernsd shall be notilisd of the adverse entry
    performance    evaluation   report of an enlisted        and the rmt.ifhtion shall be noted in the record.
    member, E-5 and above, of the Navy and Marine            The person concerned has the right ta make and
    Corps, or in related cm-respondence, the report or       have entered in the record such statement         in
    correspondence    may not be placed in tbe official      rebuttal as may be desired.          If the person
    record unless the member reported on was first           concerned does not desire to make a statement,
    afforded    an opportunity    ta submit a written        he or she shall so stats in writing.
    statement regmding the matter. Any statement
    submitted by the member shall comply with the            1124.   Misconduct     and Line of Duty
    regulations   prescribed   by the Chief of Naval                 Findings.
    Personnel or the Commandant         of the Marine
    Corps, as appropriate,       shall be couched     in     Except for the medical      and dental entries
    temparate language and limiled Lo pertinent              referred tn in the preccchng articIe, no adverse
    facts, and shall not question or impugn the              entry concerning misconduct and line of duty
    motives af aaotber person. If the person reported        shall be made in any person’s official record
    on does not desire b make a statement,         that      except in accordance with the provisions of the
    persmn shall so state in writing.                        Manual of the Judge Advocats General.




    104
I
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                                           GENERAL       REGULATIONS



            Inspection  of tbe Record      of a Person      1128.   Official    Records   in Civil CouI-&-
            in the Naval Service.
                                                            1. Department of the Navy psrsonnel shall not
                                                            provide official   information,   testimony,   or
    1. The record of a person in the naval service
                                                            documents, submit to interview,      or permit a
    maintained by the Chief af Naval Personnel or
                                                            view or visit, for litigation purposes, without
    the Commandant of the Marine Corps shall be
                                                            spscial written authorization.
    available for inspection by the person or a duly
    authorized agent, designated as such in writing
                                                            2. Department of the Navy psrsonnel shall not
    by the person.
                                                            provide, with or without compensation, opinion
    2. A request for inspection  made under this            or expert      testimony  concerning    official
    Article need not comply with the requirements           Department of Defense information,     subjects,
    of the Privacy Act.                                     parsonnel or activities, except on behalf of the
                                                            United Ststes or a party represented      by the
    1126.   Correction    of Naval Records.                 Department of Justice, or with special written
                                                            authorization.
    1, Any milibmy record in the Department of the
    Navy may be correctccf hy the Secretary of the
                                                            1129.   Records      of Fitness.
    Navy, acting through the Board for Correction of
    Naval Records, when the Secretary considers
                                                            1. Records will be maintained on officers and
    that such action should be taken in order to
                                                            enlisted persons of the h’avy sad Marine Corps
    correct an error or to remove an injustice.
                                                            which reflect their fitness for the service and
    2. Applications for corrections under this article      performance      of duties.     Promotion       and
    may be made only sftsr exhaustion of all other          assignment     to duty is determined        by an
    administrative   remedies afforded    by law or         individual’s record, of which the rccm-d of fitness
    regulation,                                             and psrfm-mance is an integral part.

    3. Applications for such corrections  should be         2. The fitness and performance t-sport is decisive
    submitted to the Sscretary of the .Navy (Board          in the service career of the individual ot?ber and
    for Correction of Naval Records) in accordance          enlisted person cnd bss cn important influence
    with procedural regulations established by the          on the etl’iciency of the entire Department of the
    Secretary    of the Navy and approved    by the         Navy. The preparation of these rspmts shall be
I   Secretary of Defense.                                   regarded by superiom and commending officers
                                                            as one of their most important and responsible
    1127.   Control   of Official   Records.                duties.

    No person, without proper authority,         shall      3. The Chief       of Naval Operations     and the
    withdraw oflicial records or correspondence from        Commandant         of the Marine Corps shall     be
    the fi Ies, or destroy them, or withhold them from      responsible        for    the  maintenance     and
    those persons authorized @ have access to them.         administration       of the records and reports in
                                                            their respective    services,




I                                                                                                            105
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I
I                                                                           Chapter 11

                                          GENERAL                              REGULATIONS
                                                Section 4. Duties of Individuals

                                                                              Contents

                                                                           Artick                                                                                       Ati
    Offk?r’sDutiesSelmivet4 bum,                                                         for
                                                                                    fzules PreventingCQllisimls
       Ordemmldsegu.latims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          1130      AfIuntamdiutbeAir . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              1139
    &qtimmentofE=emptiq Gdwt                      ... .... ... ..           1131    Capturebyan Eoemy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            1140
    CXmpliaUWitb Iawfu10der9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  1132    Codeof Gmdw2 for Membmn             afthe
    -uesLUlhwonn              Suprior . . . . . . . . . . . . .             1133      Armed Forcenofahe       Uniti Stices . .. . . . . . . . . . .                      1141
    Excilsn&eOfDum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1134    Unavailable .%par&mfmmaComnwd                                   .... .. .. .         1142
    6e1ationsWitb ForeignNaimm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              1135    Seportofa Commuicable Disca.se . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       1143
    Foreignfiligiouslmtiumims .. .... .. .... ... ..                        1136    Immumiz.ndan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1144
    Oblisr.ai.otiReport Oflen.ses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       1137    %-&e EXnminatiara . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .             1145
    ~w~ibifiti.=   h-ruing     Mr.rijuwx., arcoticsN
      amd  Otber&nmc&dSnbmm ues                 .. ... ... ...              1138




    1130.       Officer’s Duties Relative                     ti Lsws.                and the general welfare of the ofticers     and
                Orders and Regulations.                                               enlistsd persons under their commomi or charge.

    All officers in the rmval service shall aequsint
                                                                                      1132          Compliance                With LAwful Orders.
    themselves      with, obey and, so far ss their
    authority extends, enforce the laws, regulations                                 All persons in the naval service sre required to
    and orders relating to the Department        of tha                              obey readily   and strictly,    and to execute
    Navy. They will faithfully        and truthfully                                 promptIy, the lawful orders of their superiors.
    discharge the duties of their offices to the best of
    their ability in ccmformsnce with existing orders                                 1133.         Language              Reflectigan                 a Superior.
    and regulations and their solemn profession of
    the oath ofofflce.  In the absence of instructions,                              No person in the naval service          shall  use
    they shall act in conformity with the policies and                               language  which may tend to diminish           the
    customs of the service to protect the public                                     cofidencs in or respect due ta his or her superior
    interest.                                                                        offtcer.

    1131.       Requirement               of Exempl&               Conduct.
                                                                                      1lM.          Exchange              of Duty.
    All commanding offkers and others in authority
                                                                                     No person in the naval service shall exchangs an
    in the naval service are required b show in
                                                                                     sssignsd duty with another without permission
    themselves    a good example of virtue, honor,
                                                                                     from his or her commanding            officer or
    patriotism snd subordination;    ta hs vigilant in
                                                                                     appropriate supsrior.
    inspecting the conduct of all persons who are
    placed under their command; b guard against
                                                                                      1135.         Relations            With Foreign                Nations
    and suppress      all dissolute    and immoral
    practices, and ta correct, according ta the laws                                 Persons in the Department of the Navy. in their
    and regulations of the Navy, all persons wbo sre                                 relations with foreign nations snd with the
    guilty of them; and ta &ke all necessary and                                     governments or agents theraof, sbslI ccmform ta
    propsr messures, under the laws, regulations                                     international    law and to the precedents
    and customs of the naval servics, to promots and                                 estshlished   by the United    S@tes   in such
    safeguard the morale, the physical well-being                                    relations.




                                                                                                                                                                         107
                                       GE f4ERALREs2uf.ATIONS



1138.    Foreign   Religious   institutions.          domestic     and international         air traffic
                                                                                                              >
                                                      regulations,     and such other         rules    and
Pe~ns     in the Department of the Navy shall
                                                      regulations    as may be established          by the
re~ct   the religious institutions snd customs of
                                                      Secretary of T-portation        or other competent
foreign countries which they visit,
                                                      authority for regulating tratllc and preventing
                                                      collisions on the high seas, in inlcnd waters or in
1137.   Obligation    to Report   Offenses.
                                                      the air, where such laws, rules and regulations
Perscms in the nsval service shall report as mon      sre applicable to nsval ships end sircraft.        In
as possible to superior authority al 1 offenses       those situations     where such law, rule or
under the L~niform Code of Military Justice           regulation is not applicable to naval ships, crsft
which come under their observation,         excepL    or aircraft, they shall be operated with due
when such psrsons       are themselves    already     regard for the safety of others
criminally involved in such offenses at the time
                                                      2. Any si@lccnt     infraction of the laws, rules
such offenses first come under their observation.
                                                      and regulations governing tr&c     or designed to
                                                      prevent co)lishms on the high seas, in inland
113S-   Responsibilities   Concerning
                                                      waters or in the sir which may be observed by
        Mcrijusma, Narcotica and Other Cmr-
                                                      peracma in the naval service shall ha promptly
        trcdlcd Substances
                                                      reported ta their supsriors, including the Chief
1. Afl persomel shsll endeavor h prevent and          of Naval Opcrstions or the Commandant of the
eliminate  the unauthorized    use of marijuana,      Marine Corps when appropriate.
nsrcotics cnd other controlled substances witiln
                                                      3. Reports need not be made under this article if
the naval service.
                                                      the facts sre otherwise reportsd in accordance
2. The wrongful possession, use, introduction,        with other dhd.ives,   including duly authorized
manufacture,     distribution    and possession,      ssfety progrems.
manufacture,    or introduction    with intent to
distribute, of a controlled substance by persons      1140.   Capture   by an Enemy.
in the navfd scrvics are offenses under Article
112e, Uniform Cade of Military Justice. Except        1. A pm-son in the naval service who ia captured
for authorized   medicinal    or other authorized     by the enemy is raquirad t.a give his or her nsme,
purp05M, the possession, use, introduction, ssle      rank, service number and date of bti.      In order
or other trsnsfer of marijuana,       narcotics, or   to communicate     with his or her family,       as
other controlled substances on bosrd any ship or      guaranteed in the Oeneva Convention Rdative
                                                                                                              ./
craft, airmcft of the Department of the. Navy or      @ the Treatment of Prisoners of War, he or she
withii any base, naval station, or other place        may give the names rind addresses of his or her
under the jurisdiction of the Department of the       parenb, gusrdians or next of km.
Navy by all persons is prohibited.
                                                      2. Except as provided      in the foregoing,  all
3. The term “controlled       substance”  means a     persons in the naval service captured by the
drug or other substance incl.dsd in Schedule 1,       enemy shall evade enswering further questions
II, 111, IV, or V established by Section 202 of the   to the utmost of their ability and shall mske no
Comprehensive       Drug Abuse Prevention       and   oral or written statement disloyal to or harmful
Control Act of 1970 (84 Stat. 1236), as updated       ta the United Statea or ita allies.
end republished      under the provisions   of that
                                                      3. When a person in tbe naval service       is a
Ack
                                                      prisoner of war or otherwise detsined by a
                                                      hostile entity so that circumstances    prevent
1139.   Rules for Preventing   CollMons
                                                      resort to the normal chain of command,          a
        Atloatand  in the Air.
                                                      commissioned oflicer of another armed force who
I All persons in the naval service responsible        is not a medical ofiicer (msdiesl corps, dentsl
for the operation      of naval ships, craft and      m~s, mme mrps or medical service mrps), or
aircraft     shall    diligently   observe      the   chaplain is a superior commissioned officer with
International      Regulations   for Preventing       respect to a psrarm in the naval service who is
Collisions     at Sea (commonly       called    the   junior in rcnk.
CO LREGS),      the Inland Navigation        Rules,



108
                                       GENERAL     REGULATIONS



1141.   Codeof   Conduct forhlembersoftbe              1144.   Immunisation.
        Armed    Forces of the United States.
                                                       Persons in the naval service shall permit such
1. Regular training in and explanation    of the       action to be taken to immunize them against
Code of Conduct for Members of the Armed               disease as ig prescribed by compstent authority.
Forces of the United S&tes shall be conducted in
                                                       1145.   Service   Examinations.
accordance    with directives    issued  by the
Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the          1. Persons in the Department       of the    Navy,
Navy.                                                  without proper authority, shall not:

2. Instructions  in the Code of Conduct for               a.   have in their possession,     obtain, sell,
Members of the Armed Forces of the United              publish, give, purchase, receive or repraduce any
S!@es shall be included in the general mili!ary        examination    paper, or any copy thereof,       or
training program of the command.                       answer sheet thereto,      for any examination
                                                       whatsoever    which has been, is, or is to be,
3. A text of the Cade of Conduct for Members of
                                                       administered    within the Department        of the
the Armed Forces of the United States shall be
                                                       iNavy.
posted in one or more conspicuous place% readily
accessible to persmmel of the command.                    b.    attempt   or offer   to have    in their
                                                       possession, obtain, sell, publish, give, purchase,
1143.   Unavoidable       Separation      from     a   receive or reproduce any examination psper, or
        Command.                                       any part or capy thereof, or answer sheet thereto,
                                                       for any examination whatsoever which has been,
A person in the naval service who is separated
                                                       is, or is to be, administered         within   the
from his or her ship, station or unit due to
                                                       Department of the Navy.
shipwreck,    disaster   or other unavoidable
circumstances   shall proceed as saon ss passible      2. Prior to, during or after any examination
to the nearest United S.atss military activity         which is to be, is being or has been administered
and report to the commandin~ officer thereof.          within the Department of the Navy, persons in
                                                       the Department of the Navy shal 1 not, without
1143.   Report   of a Communicable      Disease.       proper     authority,   disclose,   or solicit   the
                                                       disclosure     of, any information       regarding
All persons in the naval service shall report
                                                       questions    or answers     to questions   an such
promptly to a medical representative, or where
                                                       examinations.
no medical officer is readily available, ta higher
authority,     the existence    or suspicion     of    3. Persans in the Department of the Navy shall
communicable      disease in persons with whom         not engage in any unauthorized form of giving or
the y are living or otherwise come in contict.         accepting assistance or self-help  during the
                                                       administration of amy examination   within the
                                                       Department of the Navy.




                                                                                                      109
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110
I


                                                                                 Chapter 11

                                             GENERAL                                REGULATIONS
                                                Section 5. Righta and Restrictions

                                                                                   Contents

                                                                               A rtid.                                                                                   Article
    Redressof Wrong Cammii&dbya Superior                                         11.50   QuaIityandQua”tityofRatiom+ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  1158
    DirectCamunication Wifi tie                                                          ~~        .rweapm                                     .. .... ...                1159
      C-mmHdi”gofier      ... .... .. .... . . ... ..                            1151    ~iOn.fG.3vemmern          Pr0perly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 11s0
    swscd...sbrlmvememt.t      .. ... ... ... ... ... .                          1152    Uniforms..AnmssndOutfiu . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .               1161
    &mbinaticmsforfktai.                                                                 AlcoholicBevemges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1162
       Purpses Prohibited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            1153    Dischargeof0,1,Tmshami Garbage . . . .                            . .. .         1163
    C-9mmunicatimwtntheGmgress                         .                         1154    SqunlOpporumityandTrestmeat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                      1164
    DealingnWith MembecsofCaagress                                               1155    Fraaernimti.nprohibited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          1165
              dividual i+eq.esm . . . . . . . . . . . . .
    ForwardingIn                                                                 1156    SexurdHmassmerIt . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      11s6
    kaveendtibercy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     1157




    1130.        Redress of Wrong                    Committed             bye            proceed in accordance with Article 138, Uniform
                 Superior.                                                                Code of Military Justice.

                                                                                          3. If the respondent is the commanding ofiker of
    1. U any person in the naval service considers
                                                                                          the complainant, ss defined in the Manual of the
    him- or herself wronged by an act, omission,
                                                                                          Judge Advocate Oeneral,       the report is not a
    decision or order of a persun who is superior in
                                                                                          report of wrong cognizable under his article, but
    rank or command, that person shall not fail in
                                                                                          is instead a complaint of wrong cognizable under
    mainlining     a respectful hearing toward such
                                                                                          Article 138, Un”iorm Code of Military Justice.
    superior, but may report the wrong to the proper
                                                                                          Such complaint shall be submitted, forwarded
    authority for redress in the manner provided in
                                                                                          and resolved in acmrdance with the Manual of
    this article.  The report should clearly identify
                                                                                          the Judge Advocate General.
    the respondent (the superior against whom it is
    made), the wrong complained of and the redress                                        4. A report of wrong against aDy other person
    desired. A complainant (the person submitting a                                       superior in rank or command to the complainant
    report    under   this article)    may be held                                        not within the stops of paragraph 2 or 3 of this
    accountable   by the oflicer responsible   for the                                   article shall be in writing and shall & forwarded
    resolution of the report if the report is found ta                                    via the commanding ofiker of the complainant,
    be vexatious, frivolous or false. The report may                                      the respondent, the commanding affker of the
    not be joined     with reports    by other com-                                       respondent, and officers in the chain of command
    plainants.                                                                           to the otlcer    exercising    immediate     general
                                                                                         court-martial jurisdiction over the respondent.
    2. If the respondent and the complainant         are                                 The ofticer exercising      general court-martial
    under the command of the same immediate                                              jurisdiction shall inquire into the matter and
    commanding     officer, such commanding     officer                                  take such action in conformity with applicable
    shall resolve the report of wrong. Except where                                      law and directives      as may be warranted          to
    necessary in order ta effect redress, if redress is                                  redress the wrong. if any, complained of. To the
    found    to be warranted,       the immediate                                        extent practicable, the provisicms of the Ma””al
    commanding    ofiirer is not required to forward                                     of the Judge Advocate         General    should     be
    either the report or the resolution to a higher                                      referred    to for guidance       concerning      the
    authority.      Complainants      who consider                                       reaalution and processing of such a report. The
    themselves wronged by such a resolution may                                          officer exercising    immediate     general    court-




                                                                                                                                                                         111
                                           GENERAL      REGULATIONS



     martial jurisdiuion    sha)l, in accordance    with   1154.   Communications       to the Congress.
     those provisions, transmit la the Secretary of the
                                                           No person in the naval service, in his or her
    Navy      (Judge   Advocate       General)   a true
                                                           official cspacity, shall apply to the Congress or
    statement of the raport and the proceedings had
                                                           to either house thereof, or to any committee
    thereon. ff sny person through whom a report is
                                                           thereof, for legislation or for appropriations  or
    fcuyardsd fails 10 forward it within a reasonable
                                                           for Congressional action of any kind except with
    time, the complainant        may complain     of the
                                                           the consent and knowledge of the Secretary of
    delay,     in writing,   directly    to the officer
                                                           the Navy. Nor shall such person, in his or her
    exercising     immsdiata general court-martial
                                                           ot%cial capacity, respond to any request for
    jurkaiiction over the respondent.
                                                           information from Congress or from either house             >
                                                           thereof, or from any committee       of Congress,
    1151.   Direct Communication       With the
                                                           except through,       or as authorized     by, the
            Commanding   Officer.
                                                           Ssmetary of the Navy, or as provided by law.
    1. The right of any person in the naval service to
    communicate    with the commanding 051cer in a         1155.   Dealings    With Members       of Congress.
    proper manner, snd at a propsr time and place,
    shall not bs denied or restricted.                     No person may restrict any member        of an srn-md
                                                           force in communicating        with a     member     of
    2 Officers   who are senior to the executive
                                                           Congress in the member’s personal          or private
    offbr   have the right to communicate cikectly
                                                           capacity, uniesa the communication        ia Unlawfd
    with the commanding       of!lcer, but they shall
                                                           or violates a regulation necessary to    the aacurity
    keep the exscutive oftker informed on matters
                                                           of the United Statas.
    related tn the functioning of the command.
I
    3. A head of department, or of any other major         115S.   Forwarding     Individual     Requests.
    subdivision   of sn activity,  has the right to
                                                           Requests from psrsons in the naval service shall
    communicate      directly with the commanding
                                                           be acted upcm promptly.     When addressed to
    ficer   concerning any matter relating to that
                                                           higher authority, requests shall be forwarded
    department or subdivision, but shall keep the
                                                           without delay.    The reason abould be stated
    executive officer ‘tiormed.
                                                           when a request is not approved or recommended.

    1152    Sugg~tions     for lmprovemenL
                                                           1157.   Laave and Liberty.
    Any parson in tie Department of the Navy may
                                                           Leave and liberty   will be granted               to tbe
    sddrsss to the Secretary of the Navy, via the
                                                           maximum extent practicable.
    &rain of command, suggestions or constructive
    criticism    pertaining   to improvements     in
                                                           115S.   Quality    and Quantity     of Rations.
    ef’fkiency   or more economical     methods   of
    administration        or management      in the        I. Meals served in the general mess shall be
    Department of tbe Navy.                                samplsd regularly by an ofilcer detailed by the
                                                           commanding o~lcer for that purpose. Should he
    115.%   Combmationa      for Certain   Purposes        or she find the quality or quantity of the food
            Prohibited.                                    unsatisfactory,  or should any member of the               )
                                                           mess objact ta the quality or quantity of the food,
    Persona in the naval service shall not join
                                                           the commanding officer shall bs notitled and
    together for the cnmmon purpose of protesting or
                                                           shall take appropriate action.
    cnmphining    agsinst orders or details to duty,
    complaining   of particulars of duty or procuring      2. No person employed in the service of the
    preferences.                                           general mess shall receive any compensation
                                                           from persons entitkd to subsist in the mess.




    112
                                                    GENERAL        REGULATIONS



             11S9.    Possession    Of WeapOns.                       Whenever an alcoholic beversge is brought on           “
                                                                      board    any ship,      craft    or aircraft     for
    ,!       Except as may be necessary        to the proper
                                                                      transportation    for personal     use ashore,   the
             performance of his or her duty or as may be
                                                                      person who brings it on board shsll at that time
             authorised by proper authority, no person in the
                                                                      tile with the 051cer in commsnd        or ofilcer in
             naval service shell:                                                                                                ,
                                                                      chsrge of the ship, craft or aircrstl a s~tement
                a. have concealed about his or her person             of the qusntity and kind of alcoholic beverage
             any dangerous weapon, instrument or device, or           brought on board, together with a certifkation
             sny highly explosive article or compound; or             that ita importation will be in compliance with
                                                                      customs     and internal      revenue    laws and
                b. have in his or her possession            any
                                                                      regulations and applicable State or 10CS1laws at
             dangerous weapon, instrument or device or sny
                                                                      the plsce of debarkation.
             highly explosive article or compound on board
             any ship, craft, aircrafl, or in any vehicle of the
                                                                      2. The introduction,     possession   and use of
             naval service or within any base or other place
                                                                      a[coholic beverages foT personsl consumption or
             under naval juriedktion.
                                                                      for sale is authorized within naval activities snd
             1160.    Possession    of Government      Property.      other places ashore under naval jurisdiction     to
                                                                      the extsnt and in such manner as the Sacretary
             h’o person in the Department of the Navy shall
                                                                      of the Navy may prescribe.
             hsve in his or her possession any property of the
             United States, except as msy be necessary b the
             proper performance      of duty or as may be
                                                                      1163.   Discharge   of Oil, Trssh   snd Garbage.
             authorized by proper authority.
                                                                      1. Except as authorized by law or regulation, no
             1161.   Uniforms,     Arms and Outfits.
                                                                      oil, oily wasts or trash shall be discharged into
             1. The clothing, arms and accoutrementa which            United States or foreign internal       waters or
             are sold or issued by the United S@tes to any            prohibited areas. The United .%@,es prohibited
             persmr in the naval service shsll not be sold,           area is designated as waters within 50 miles of
             bsrtered, exchanged, pledged, loaned or given            the United Ststes coastline. The Chief of Navsl
             awsy to urmuthorized psrsonnel.                          Operations     shall provide    descriptions     of
                                                                      prohibited    areas for other nations.       Trash
             2. Persons in the naval service shal I not-have, in
                                                                      discharged at sea should have, or ,be packaged
             their possession, without permission from praper
                                                                      for, negative buoyancy.
I            authority,   any article of wearing apparel or
             bedding bclongirrg M any other person in the             2. Garbage     shall not be thrown overboard
             naval service.                                           within a contiguous zone which is 12 miles ftim
                                                                      any coastline.
             1162.   Alcoholic     Beverages.
I                                                                     3. Any oil slick within 50 miles of the coaatline
              1. Except as may bs authorized by the Sscretary
                                                                      of the United States shall be repyrted as soon as
I            of the Navy, the introduction, possession or use
                                                                      possible to the nearest Coast Guard District
             of aIcoholic beverages on board any ship, crsft,
                                                                      Headqunrtsrs.
             aircraft, or in any vehicle of the Department of
             the Navy is prohibited.     The transpor~tion      of
             alcoholic beverages for personal use ashore is
                                                                      1164.   Equal   Opportunity   and Treatment
             authorized, subject to the discretion of the officer
             in command or officer in charge,         or higher       Equal opportunity shall be afforded b .11 on the
             authority, when the beverages are delivered ta           basis of individual effort, performance, conduct,
I            the custody of the officer in command or ofiicer         diligence,  potential,  capabilities   and talents
I            in charge of the ship, craft or aircraft in sealed       without discrimination as to race, color, religion,
             pecksges, securely packed, pmparly marked and            creed, sex or nations] origin.     Naval personnel
)            in compliance       with   customs      laws    and      shall    demonatrata       a strong      personal
             regulations,    and stored in securely       locked      commitment ta stsnd on these principles and
I
             compartments,    and the transportation      can be      carry them out.
         ,   performed without undue interference with the
             work or duties of the ship, craft or aircraft.


                                                                                                                      113
                                                                                                                                              NAVSSGS Cs-1


                                                                       GSWSSAL sSGOI.ATIOMS




     1165.          Fraternization                Prohibited.                         1166.        Sexual        Harassment              -


     1.         Per50nal              relationships                    betveen        1.    sexual       harassment                is    prohibited.
     officer     and enlisted       members     that are
     unduly    familiar    and that do not respect                                    2.    No     individual            in        the       Department       of
     differences        in    grade      or.   rank  are                              the   Navy     shall:
                                                                                                                                                                   .
     prohibited.          Such    relationship       are
     prejudicial           to good order   and discipline                                     a.     commit        eexual           barasmnent;
     and violate           long_ 13ta.nding traditions                           of
     the   naval        -ice.                                                                 b.   take   reprisal   action   agaixmt                          a
                                                                                              pereon    who provides    information
     2.    Uhen        prejudicial                to    good     order       and              on an incident                  of    alleged         sexual
     discipline            or        of      a     nature         to     bring                harassment;
     discredit     on the naval                   service,        ~rsonal
     relationships      betmn                     officer        members or                   c.   knowingly             make a false
     betveen         enlisted         ~rs   that are unduly                                   accusation     of          sexual  harassment;
     familiar            and    that     do    not    respect                                 or

     differences             in    grade     or    rank     are
     prohibited.           Prejudice      to good order     and                               d.  while   in a supervisory                           or
     discipline          or discredit                    to   the    naval                    c—d       position,   condone                         or
     service          may result    from,                  hut   are   not                    ‘=o~         s-al          harastunent   of which
     limited         to, Cir mmsta.ncem                  which —                              he or      she has         knovledge   or has
1.                                                                                            reason        to    have        knowledge.
               a.   call    into            question           a senior’s

‘i
 i
               objectivity;
                                                                                       1167.            /)~A?flV                    053         /
                                                                                                                                                    97
               b.     result         in     actual       or     apparent
                                                                                                    ~    77/G/9’&9
I              preferential               treatment;

I              c.     undermine             the    authority            of   a
               senior;          or


               d. cqr~ise                    the       chain     Of
               cmmand .

I
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I

I
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                                                                                                                                                             114
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I
                                                  q                  

                                                             UNCLASSIFIED
                                                  ***.*.**              *.***.


                                   q   ******     ACTION:        ALNAV    DISTRIBUTION       ‘******


             R  031648z       SEP 97
             FM: SECNAV       WASHINGTON          DC
             ACTION      CNO WASHINGTON           DC

             Sub ject:     U.S.    NAVY REGULATIONS,               1990    INTERIM    CliANGE//

             UNCLAS       //N05000//
             ALNAV 053/97
             nsGID/GENADnIN/No9            BL//
             SUBJ/U. S . NAvY REGULATIONS,   1990 INTERIM CHANGE//
             mFIAfnoc/sEcNAv    j16sEP901/
             AMPN/REF   A IS U.S.   NAVY REGULATIONS,   1990//
             RMRsjl.    PENDING FORMAL AMXNDtlSNT TO REFERENCE A, THIS INTERIM CHANGE
             ADDS A NEW ARTICLE 1167 TO REF A.        THIS INTERIM CHANGE WAS APPROVED
             ON 18 AUGUST 1997 AND IS EFFECTIVE ON THE DATE TIME GROUP OF THIS
             ALNAV .
             2.    ARTICLE 1167 OF RSF A IS ADDED TO RJ2AD AS FOLLOWS:
             1167.    SUPREMACIST ACTIVITIES.
             NO PERSON IN lY+S NAVAL SERVICE SSALL PARTICIPATE   IN ANY ORGANIZATION
             THAT ESPOUSES         SUPREMACIST CAUSES ; ATTEMPTS TO CREATE ILLEGAL
             DISCRIMINATION         BASED 0!? RACE, CREED , COLOR, SEX, RELIGION,  OR NATIONAL
             ORIGIN ; ADVOCATES THE USE OF FORCE OR VIOLENCE AGAINST THE GOVERNM3ZNT
             OF THE UNITED STATES OR THE GOVERNKENT OF ANY STATE, TERRITORY,
             DISTRICT,   OR POSSESSION  THEAxOF,  OR THE GOVERNMENT OF ANY SUBDIVISION
             THERJSIN ; OR OTHERWISE ENGAGES IN EFFORTS TO DEPRIVE INDIVIDUALS        OF
             THEIR CIVIL   RIGHTS .  THE TERM ‘PARTICIPATE”   , AS’ USED IN THIS ARTIcLE,
             INCLUDES ACTS OR CONDUCT, PERFORMED ALONE OR IN CONCERT WITH ANOTHER,
             SUCH AS DEMONSTRATING,    RALLYING,  FUNDRAISING,   ICECRUITING,  TRAINING,  OR
             ORGANI ZING OR LEADING SUCH ORGANIZATIONS.     THE TERM - PARTICIPATE-    ALSO
             INCLUDES ENGAGING IN ANY OTHER ACTIVITIES      IN RELATIoN    TO SUCH
             ORGANIZATIONS   OR IN FURTHERANCE OF TWE OBJE~IVES       OF SUCH
             ORGANIZATIONS , WHEN sUCH ACTIVITIES    ARE DETRIMENTAL TO GOOD ORDER,
             DISCIPLINE,  OR MISSION  ACCOMPLISHKENT.
             3.   IN LIEU OF ENTERING THIS INTERIH CHANGE IN AEF A, HASX A
             BOLD LETTER NOTATION AFTER ARTIcLE    1166 OF REF A, ‘SEE ALNAV XXX/97 -
             AND FILE THIS ~NAV    IN FRONT OF RSF A.



                                                                                                                  .


             4.   THIS INTERIM cHANGE WILL                   BE INCORPOIWITED         INTO     THE NEXT PRINTED
I   . ..-.
             AEVISION  OF ILEF A.
I            5.   RELEASED BY TEE HONORAS~                       JOHN H.    DALTON,      SECRJZTARY OF THE
             NAVY./}
I            ET
             #06s5
                             Chapter 12



  FLAGS, PENNANTS,             HONORS, CEREMONIES

                        AND CUSTOMS

Section   1. General
Section   2. Honors to National Anthems and National Ensigns
Section   3. Hand Salutes and Other Marks of Respect
Section   4. Gun Salutes
Section   5. Passing Honors
Section   6. Oftlcial Visits and Calls
Section   7. Formal Occasions Other Than Ot%cial Visits
Section   8. Display of Flags and Pennants
Section   9. Special Ceremonies, Anniversaries and Solemnities
Section   10. Deaths and Funerals




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116
                                                      Chapter 12

    FLAGS, PENNANTS, HONORS, CEREMONIES
                AND CUSTOMS
                                             Section 1. General

                                                        Contents

                                                     Anick                                                                    Artick
Authorityfor Oispenshg WithHcxnm . . . . . .          1201   lnt.xnstimal H.mors
Honm-sRestrictedm                                               Modifiedby Agreement   .        .. . . . . . . . . . . . .        1203
  ~w~~~h~ernmca-           .. ... .... .... ... ..    1202




1201. Authority      for Dkpensing       With Honors.        the Navy, no other honors        or ceremonies
                                                             prescribed in these regulations shall be rendered
The honors and ceremonies prescribed in these
                                                             or exchanged with such nations or ooicials.
regulations   may be dispensed     with when
directed by the Sscretary of the Navy or when                 1203.   International    Honors      hlodified                 by
rsquested by an individual to whom such honors                        Agreement
and ceremonies are due.
                                                             Should the required number or frequency         of
                                                             international   salutes, offtcial visits or other
                                                             honors or ceremonies bs deemed excessive.      the
1202.    Honors     Restricted     to Recognized
                                                             senior officer present in the United States naval
         Governments.
                                                             service may make, subject to the requirements of
No salute shall be fired in honor or any nation or           international   courtesy,   such modification   as
of any official   of any nation “ot formally                 circunwmnces     warrant and as may be agreed
recognized by the Government       of the United             upan with the responsible offkials or the senior
States. Except as authorized by the Secretary of             Officer pressnt of the nation involvsd.




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I
I
I   118
                                                                  Chapter 12

     FLAGS, PENNANTS, HONORS, CEREMONIES
                 AND CUSTOMS
     Section 2. Honors to National Anthems and National Ensigns

                                                                    Contents

                                                                 Artic&                                                                                     Article
ManneroiPiaying National&uhems . . . . . . . . . .                1204    Momimgand Evmimg Colm                          .. .. .. .. ....... .... . .        1206
Prom&u. DuringPlayingof                                                   SAluresrntheNatioml Em@n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                   1207
   Nai.nalAnlhem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1205    ‘Hail malw ChiU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1208




1204.      Manner of Playing               National                        salute at the first note of the anthem, snd shall
           Anthems.                                                        remain at the sslnts until the Isst nets of the
                                                                           anthem.    Persons in forrrrstioo m-s brought      to
1. The Nationsl Anthem of the United States,
                                                                           order arms or callsd tmattention ss apprnptita.
“The Stsr Spangled Banner,” when played by a
                                                                           The formation commander         sbafl face in the
oaval band, shaIl bs played in its entirety as
                                                                           direction of the ensign or, in the abaencs of the
written and as prescribed in the official U.S.
                                                                           ensign, shsll fats in the direction of the music
Navy Band arrangement,      which is designated
                                                                           and shall render the appropriate ssfuts for the
the official Department of Defense arrangement.
                                                                           unit. Perzmns irr formation     participating   in a
2. The playing of the National Anthem of the                               ceremony     shall,    on command,       follow  the
United Ststes, or of any other country, as a part                          procedurs prescribed for the ceremony. Persons
ofa medley is prohibited.                                                  in vehicles or in boaIs shall follow the procedure
                                                                           prescribed   in the following     article for such
3. When a foreign national anthem is prescribed
                                                                           persons during colors.       Persons in civilian
in connection with honors, and it is considered
                                                                           clothes shall comply with the roles snd custams
appropriate W perform the National Anthem of
                                                                           estsblishsd for civilians.
the United   States therewith,  the National
Anthem of the United Skates will bs performed                              2. The sane marks of respect pmsmibed during
last.                                                                      the playing of the National  Anthem shall be
                                                                           rihown during the playing of a foreign national
4. On other occasions when a foreign mtional
                                                                           anthem.
anthem (or anthems) is performsd, the National
Anthem of the United Ststes will be performed
last, except when performed in conjunction with
                                                                            1206.         Morning            and Evening               Cnlors.
morning colors, as described in Article 1206.10.
                                                                           1. The ceremonial hoisting and lowering of the
1205.      Procedure  During               Playing       of
                                                                           national cosign at 0800 and sunsst at a naval
           Nationsl Anthem.
                                                                           command ssbore or abaard a ship of the Navy
1. Whenever the National Anthem k played, al I                             not under way shall be known ss morning agd
naval ssrvice psrsonnel not in formation shal I                            evening colors, respectively, and shall bs carried
stand at atksntion and             face the nations] ensign.               out as prescribed in this article.
In the event that the                national ensign is not
                                                                           2. Tbe gusrd of the day and the &and shall be
displayed,  they shall              face the source of the
                                                                           parsded in the vicinity of the point of hoist of the
music, When covered,                they shall come to the
                                                                           ensign.




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                     FLAGS,     PENNANTS,      HONORS,      CEREMONIES       AND CUSTOMS



    3. “Attention” shall resounded, followad by the          accommodation ladder, or the shipboard end of
    playing of the National Anthem by the band.              the brow, face the national ensign, and render
                                                             the salute, sfter which he or she shail salute the
    4. At morning colors, the ensign shall hs stsrtad
                                                             oflicer of the clack. On leaving the ship, be or she
    up at Lhe beginning of the music and hoisted
                                                             shall render the salutes in inverse order. The
    smartly to the psak or truck. At evening colors,
                                                             otlicer of’ the deck shall return both aalu&s in
    the ensign shall be started from the peak or
                                                             each case.
    truck at the beginning    of the music and the
    lowering so regulated as to he completsd at the             a. After rendering the appropriate salute to
    last note.                                               the national ensign, an officer coming on board a
                                                             ship to which he or she is attached shall report
    5. At the completion      of the music, “Can-y   On”
                                                             hIs or her return. An ofllcer coming on board a
    shall be sounded.
                                                             ship tn which he or she is not attached shall
    6. In the absence of a band, or an appropriate           request permission to come on board and shall
    recording  to bs played over a public address            state his or her business.    An enlisted person
    system, “To the Colors” shall be played by the           shall request permission to come on hoard, and
    bugle at morning      colors, and “Retreat”  at          shall state his or her business iC the ship is not
    evening colors. The ss)ute shall be rendered as          the one to which he or she is attached.
I   prescribed for the National Anthem.
                                                                b. After rendering the appropriate salute to
    7. In the absence of music, “Attention”     and          the ofllcer of the deck, an ofiicer shall state that
    ‘Carry On” shsll be the signals for rendering            he or she hsa permission to leave. An enlisted
    and terminating the sslute. “Carry On” shall bs          person shall request permission @ leave.
    sounded as soon as the ensign is completely
                                                             2. A member      not in uniform      shall   render
    lowered.
                                                             apPrOPriati honors      to the national ensign by
    8. During colors, a boat under way within sight          facing the flag and     standing at attention with
    or hearing of the ceremony shsll lie to, or shall        the right hand over     the hear~ If covered, men
    procsed at the slowest safe speed.     The boat          shall remove their       headdress with the right
    offker, or the mxswain in the absence of the boat        hand md hold it at      the left shoulder, the hand
    officer, shall stand and salute except when              being over the heart,
    daagerous ta do so. Other persons in the hoat
                                                             3. Each person in the naval service in uniform,
    shsll remain seated or standing md shall not
                                                             upon being passed by or passing a mi Iitary
    salute.
                                                             formation carrying the national ensign uncased
    9. During    colors, vehicles  within  sight or          shall render the hand salute. A member not in
    hearing   of the ceremony     shall be stopped.          uniform being passed by or passing         such a
    Persons riding in such vehicles shall remain             formation    shall face the flag and stand at
    seated at attention.                                     attention with the right hand over the heart. If
                                                             covered, men shall remove the headdress and
    10. After morning colors, if foreign wsrships are
                                                             hold it at the left shoulder, the hand being over
    present, the national anthem of each nation an
                                                             the hesrt     Peracm.s in vehicles or boata shall
    represented shall be played in the order in which
                                                             follow the procedure prescribed for such persons
    a ~      sa~um would be fired to, or exchanged           during CO1OI-S.
    with, the senior ofiicial or officer present of each
    such nation, provided that, when in a foreign            4. The sslut,es prescribed in this article shall
    port, the national anthem of the port shall be           also be rendered ta foreign national flags and
    played     immediately    after morning      colors,     ensigns and aboard foreign men-of-war, unless
    followed     by the national     anthems   of other      to do so would cause         embarrassment      or
    foreign nations represented.                             misunderstanding.     Aboard foreign men-of-war,
                                                             the practice of the host nation maybe followsd, if
    1207.   %duies    to the National   Ensign.
                                                             known.
    1. Each person in the naval service,            upon
                                                             1208.   “’Hail to the Chief.”
    coming on board a ship of the Navy, shall salute
    the national ensign if i t is flying. He or she shall    1. The traditional music selection ‘“Hail lx the
    stop on reaching the upper platform           of the     Chier is designated as a musical tribute ta the




    120
               FLAGS, PENNANTS,       HONORS, CEREhlONIES         AND CUSTOMS



President oftbe United States, and as such will    2. When performed by naval bands, renditions
not be performed by naval bands as a tribute to    of ‘Hail h the Chie~ shall be as prescribed in
other dignitaries.  The same honors as accorded    the official U.S. Marine Band arrangement,
during renditions of the National Anthem or “To    which is designated as the ofiicial Department of
the Colors” will be given to ‘Hail to the ChieF’   Defense arrangement.
by naval personnel.




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122
                                                      Chapter 12

    FLAGS, PENNANTS, HONORS, CEREMOMES
                AND CUSTOMS
           Section 3. Hand Salutes and Other Marks of Respect

                                                        Contents

                                                     Artkk                                                               A&k
         f
Exchangec! Hand Selutes                        ..     12o9   Other Mmbaffkapca    . .. ... ... .. ... ....... ... .. .    1211
         c           lu@s
Occasi.msf .rSmdmingHmdSa            . ... . . . .    1210



1209.    Exchange    of Hand SSIut.es.                        the United States, the National Oceanic and
                                                              Atmospheric Administration,   the Public H4th
1. The hand salute is the Iong-established farm
                                                              Scrvics cnd foreign armed services.
of greeting and recognition exchanged between
persons in the armed services. All pm-sons in the            2. All persons in the naval se-        shall aalutc
naval service shsll be alert to render or return             all oflicsrs senior to themselves an each occasion
the acluta as prescribed in these regulations.               of mesting or passing near or when addrscaing
                                                             or beiig addresacd by such ofi~,     except that
2. The salute by persons in the naval service
shall be rendered and returned with the right                    a. On board ship, sclutes sbsll & dispenssd
hand, when practicable. With arms in hand, the               with cftsr the first daily meetiag, excspt      for
salute appropriate thereto shall be rendered or              those rendered to the commanding offksr        and
returned.                                                    ofiicem senior to him or her, & visiting officers,
                                                             to oKicers making inspections, cnd to officers
3, Juniors shall salute first. All salutca received
                                                             when addressing or being add-by         lhem.
when in uniform and covered shall hs returned;
at other   times salutes       received   shall be              b. When such procedure       does not conflict
appropriately acknowledged.  Persons uncovered               with the spirit of theas regulations, at crowded
sha[[ not salute, except when failure to do so               gatherings or in congested areas, salutes sbal)
would     cause   embarrassment      or   mis -              he rendered only by a person addressing or being
undera@ntig.                                                 addresacd by an officer who is -“or     to him or
                                                             her.
4. Civilians   may be saluted by persons            in
uniform when appropriate, but tbe uniform hat                   c. Persons at work or engagsd in games
or cap shall not be raised as a form of salutation.          shall salute only when addressed by an 05cer
                                                             senior b them cnd then only if circu~ces
5. A person in the navai service not in uniform
                                                             warrant.
shall, in rendering     salutes or exchanging
greetings, comply with tbe rules and customs                   d. Persons in formation          shall salute only on
established  for a civilian,   except that, when             mmmc.nd.
saluting another person in the armed services,
                                                                e. When      boats    pass each other       with
the hand scluts shall be used.
                                                             embarked offmers or oflicials      in view, hand
                                                             sclutes shall be rendersd by the senior ofi%er
1210.   Occasions    for Rendering       Hand
                                                             and coxswain in each boat. O&crs         seati     in
        %lutea.
                                                             boa!s shall not rise when salu~         coxswains
1. SaI”tes shall bs rendered by persons in the               shall rise unless it is dangerous or impracticable
naval service ta off]cers of the armed services of           to do so.




                                                                                                                         123
                         FLAGS, PENNANTS,             HONORS,        CEREMONIES      AND CUSTOMS



           L   Persans qm.rsting moving motor vehicles                   b. When sn ofllcer of flag or general rsnk,
        should not render or return salutes. Passengers               the commanding officer, or sn officer senior tn
        will render and -return salutes.                              tbe commanding       officer  in the chain      of
                                                                      command,    or an officer    making  an official
           g. Persons      guarding      prisoners    will     not
                                                                      inspection enters the rnam, compartment or deck
        Sslmte.
                                                                      space where they may be.
        1211.   Other Marks of RespecL
                                                                      3. Juniors shall walk or ride on the       left   of
        1. Juniors sbaU show deference ta seniors at al}              seniors whom they sre accompanying.
        times by recognizing   their presence   and by
                                                                      4. Off]cers  shall enter boats,    aircraft  and
        employing  a amrteous and respectful bearing
                                                                      automobiles in inverse order of rsnk snd shall
        and made ofqed     toward them.
                                                                      leave them in order of rank, unless there is
        2. Juniors   sheU stand at attention,     unless              special reason tn the cnntrary. The seniors shall
        seated at mess, or unless circumstances    make               be scsordsd the more desirsble seats.
        such action impmcticahle or inappropriate
                                                                      5. Subject to the requirements of the rules for
           a  When      zuiiressed    by an officer   senior    to    preventing collisions, junior boats shaIl avoid
        them.                                                         crawding or embarrassing senior baats.




I   .
        V24
                                                                                  Chapter 12

      FLAGS, PENNANTS, HONORS, CEREMONIES
                  AND CUSTOMS
                                                                Section 4. Gun Salutes

                                                                                    Contents

                                                                                 A ride                                                                                              Article

SduungSbipsand Suwions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                             1212   GunSd.tes when several Heads of
Gunsalutes mtie Flag ofthe Pmsidentorthe                                                      $il13ti#Lcep~W”L            . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .    1218
  Secremqofsuue     ... ... .... .. ... ... .. .... ..                             IZ13   Awhmity m Fire Gumsalutes ta IMkrsin tie
Gun5iuteE to theFlagof theSemefxmyf      o                                                    Utit.ed Staces Nr,val Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                     1219
   Defense, Deputy Surer.aryofDefemea, the                                                Gw%l.wtitie          %nior O%mr Rewm                     ..........                         1220
   secretary of tbe Navy, an Under %cretaty of                                            Gun Salutes to Foreign Fle.g Offirs            ...............                              1221
   Defense, an ~tant      secretary of Defense, tie                                       NmifkaticmofGunSalute         ..... ................ ...                                    1222
   Gneral Counsel of the Oeparunent of                                                    Procedure During Gun Snlura . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       12?3
   Oefense. the Under secretary of tbe Navy or an                                         I~bili~@&deror&mati&l~                                     ....... ..                       1224
   AssisuintSecreaa    ryoftieNavy . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       1214   ffeturninga Gun Salute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                1225
Gun Sa[ucesms Foreign Naticw . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                           1215   &mrkt.ionsonGun  sulut.es       .... ...................                                    1226
Returning S.4.= to tie NE.tinn fired by
   ForeignWarship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              1216
Gun%lu~ m tie Flag of mForeign president,
   Swer.tgn or Member of a Saigni.g
    Soynl Fumily . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     1217




1212.         Saluting           Ships and Stations.                                          b. by a naval station when a ship displaying
                                                                                           such flag arrives at the naval station, or when
Saluting ships and ststions of the mval service
                                                                                           such flag is broken by a ship pr-n~  and
are those designated as such by the Secretary of
the Navy or by the Secretary’s duly authorized                                                c. by a flag or general oficer     assuming
representstive.   The gun salutes prescribed in                                            command or, while in command, breaking       the                                                    I
these regulations shall be fired by such ships                                             flag of am increased grade, in tie presence of a
and stations. Other ships snd stations shall not                                           ship or naval ststion displaying the flag of the
tire gun salutes unless directed to do so by the                                           President.
senior ofiicer present on exceptional occasions
                                                                                           2. Under the circumstances     prescribed by this
when courtesy requires.
                                                                                           article, a 19-gun aaluts shall & fiisd ta the flag
                                                                                           of the Semet.my of State when acting as special
                                                                                           foreign representative of the President.
1213.        Gun Salutes to the Flag of the
             .President or the Secretary of Stats.
                                                                                            1214,        Gun Salutes b the Flag of the Secre-
1. A Z]-gun              ssluk         shall      be tired ta the flag of                                tary of De fensa. Deputy Secretary of
the President.                                                                                           Defense. the Secretary of the Navy,
                                                                                                         an Under Secretary of Defense. am
   a.   by each   ship falling in with a ship
                                                                                                         Assistant Secretary of Defense, the.
displaying such flag, arriving at a place where
                                                                                                         General Counsel of the Department
such flag is displayed ashore or present when
                                                                                                         of Defense, the Under Seeretary of
such flag is broken;
                                                                                                         the Navy or an Assistant Secretarg of
                                                                                                         the Navy.

                                                                                            1. A 19-gun salute shall be fired ta the flag                                                of
                                                                                           the Secretary             of Defense,                 Deputy %cretsry                         of



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                       FLAGS,    PENNANTS,       HONORS,       CEREMONIES       AND CUSTOMS



    Defense,   the Secretary   of the Navy, Under               1216.    Returning  Saluts to the Nation     fired
    Secretary   of the Navy, Under Secretary    of                       by Foreign Warship.
    Defenss, the Gene-d Counsel of the Department
                                                                A saluts to the mstion fried by a foreign warship
    of Defense,    or the Under Secretary   or an
                                                                entering a port of the United States shall be
    Assistant Sscretary of the Navy
                                                                returned by the senior ship present, pmvidsd no
       a. by each ship falling      in with a ship              saluting battsry of an armed service       of the
    displaying such flag, arriving  at a place where            United States, designated to return such sal”tss,
    such flag is displayed ashore or present when               is present in the area.
    such flag is broken. When two or more ships are
    in company, only the senior shall salutq                    1217.    Gun Salutes to the Flag nf a Foreign
                                                                         President, Sovereign or Member of a
       b. by a navsl station when a ship displaying
                                                                         Reigning Royal Family.
    such Dag an-iv= at the naval ststion, or when
    such ffag is broken by a ship presen~ and                   1. A 21-gun saluts shall bs fired by a ship or
                                                                station to the flag or standard of the president,
        c. by a flag or general officer assuming
                                                                Wvereign or membsr of a reigning royal family
    command or, while in command, breaking the
                                                                under the circumstances      prescribed   in these
    flag of an incressed grade, in the presence of a
                                                                regulations for firing a salute to the flag of the
    ship or naval station displaying the flag of such
                                                                President of the United States.
    ofiiciak provided that such 05cer is the senior
    officer pressnt or the senior ofiker present on             2. In some foreign countries it is the custom to
    shore.                                                      fire spscial 21-gun salutes on certsin occasions
                                                                in honor of Lbe president, sovereign or member
    2. When the fisgs of two or more such oK1cials
                                                                of the reigning royal family. in such casss, ships
    are displayed       under   the circumstances
                                                                shall conform ta the national      cuatam when
    presaibsd   by this srticle, only the flag of the
                                                                requestsd by the proper local authorities.
    senior shall be ssluted.
                                                                121S.    Gun Salutes When Several Heada of
    1215.     Gun %dut.es to a Foreign Nation.
                                                                         State Are PreaenL
    1. When a ship enters a port of a foreign nation,
    the government of which is formally recognized              1. Each ship, upan entering a port where the
    by the Government         of the United    Sts&si    she    psrsonal flags or standards of several presidents,
    shall fire     a saluts   of 21 guns   to that nation       sovereigns or membens of reigning royal families
    unless                                                      are displayed, shall tire a 21-gun saluts to each
                                                                of the several flags or standards displayed, in the
       a.    Lhere is present    no saluting   battsry    or
                                                                following orden
    warship    of that nstion capable of returning       the
    saluk,    or                                                   a. the president, sovereign or member of the
                                                                rsigning royal family of the nation to which the
      b.     the ship is returning    from a temporary
                                                                port belon~,
    absence    from port, when,     by agreement  with
    Iocaf authorities,    the salute may bs dispensed             b.    the President of the United S&tes+
    with-
                                                                  c. the presidents      or sovereigns   of other
    2. when a ship is passing through the territorial           nations, in alphabetical order of the names of the
    waters of a foreign nation with no intsntion of             nations in the Englih lsnguag~ and
    anchoring tierein, the salute to the nation nssd
                                                                   d. members of reigning royal families         of
    not be fired unless unusual circumstances make
                                                                other nations,    in the same order    as        in
    it desirable to do so.
                                                                subparagraph c. above.
    3. In cass of two or more ships arriving in port or
                                                                2. In the circumstances eet forth in this article,
    PSSi%    tbrOugh territorial waters of a foreign            only the flag or standard of the senior dignitary
    nation in company, only the ssnior shall fire the
                                                                of each nation will be salutsd.
    salute prescribed in this article.

    4. The saluts to the nation, if fried, shall precede
    any salutes fired in honor of individuals.




I   126
                FIAGS,    PENNANTS,       HONORS,      CEREMONIES       AND CUSTOMS



1219.   Autfmrityto Fire Gun Salutesto                  3. Upon departure from pnrt of the senior ofticer       “
        Officers in the United States Naval             present of the United States Navy, the new
        Service.                                        senior officer present shall exchangs gun salutes
                                                        with the senior flag oftlcer present     of each
Gun salutes prescribed   in Article 1235 of these
                                                        foreign nation.
regulations for officers and officials entitled to
17 or more guns shall be fwed on the occasion of        4. The senior offker present of the United States
each official visit of the individual concerned.        Navy shall exchangs gun salutes =ith the =nior
Gun salutes preixribed in these regulations for         ofkr    present of a for-sign nation when either
oflicers and o~lcials entitled ta 15 guns or less       hoists the flag of an increased grade.
shall not be tired unless so ordered by the senior
                                                        5. In fmingthe sslutes prescribed    by this article,
officer present or higher authority.
                                                        the following rules shsll govern:

1220.   Gun SaIutes to tbe Senior Officer                   a. An otlicsr of a junior   grade shafl fw    the
        PresenL                                         first salute.

1. A flag officer who is the senior officer present        b. When officers are of the same grade,        the
shall be .saIutsd by the ssnior of one or more          arriving ofilcer shall fire the first safuts.
ships arriving in part.
                                                            C. Seniors shall be saluted in order of -,
2. When a ffag offker embarked   in a ship of his       except that when ftig      salutes tn two or more
or ber command arrives in pm-t and is the senior        fnreign ofikers of the same grade, tie first salute
officer present, or when a flag officer assumes         tirsd m an offker in that grade sbdl be tn the
command and becomes the senior oficer present,          flag officer of the nationality of the pm-t.
he or she shall be saluted by the former senior
                                                         6. When a ship of the Navy falls in & sea with a
officer present.
                                                        foreign warship displaying      the flag of a flag
3. A gun salute shall be tired by the flagahip          officer, sn exchange of salutes shaff k f~,     the
when a flag of’tlcer who is the senior ofticer          junior saluting first,    Such salutes shall be
present sssumes or is relieved of command, or is        exchanged     only between    the senior United
advanced in grsde,                                      S&tas ship and the senior foreign ship. Should
                                                        flag officers be of the same grade and their
4, A flag ofIlcer who is not the senior oflicer
                                                         relative rank be unknown or in doubt, they
present shall, upon assuming command, Iire a
                                                        should mutually sdut.e without delay.
salute to the senior officer present.
                                                        7. The provisions of this article shall be subject
5. The provisions   of this article shall bs subject
                                                        @ the provisions of Article 1226.4.
to the provisions    of Article    1226.4 and shal 1
apply, where appropriate, ta oflicers of the naval      1222    Notication     of Gun Sslu@
service in command ashore.
                                                        Whenever practicable, an oK1cial or oflicer to be
                                                        saluted shall be notitied of the salute and the
1221.   Gun Salutas tn Foreign Flag Officers.
                                                        time that it is to he fired.
I. When a ship enters a port where there is
                                                        1223.   Prncedura During a Gun SalUta
present no of?icer of the naval service senior b
the senior arriving oflker, and finds displayed         1. The interval between     gun sdutss    normal] y
there, afloat or ashore, the flags of foreign flag      shall he five seconds.
oRicers of one or more nations, salutes shall be
                                                        2. During the gun salute,       persons    on tbe
exchanged with the senior flag officer present of
                                                        quarter-deck,   or in the ceremonial     party if
each nation.
                                                        ashore, shall render the hand sulute. Observers
2. The senior officer present of the United .%ates      on deck, or in the vicinity of tie ceremonial
Navy in a port shall exchange gun salutes with          party if sshore, shall stsnd at attention facing
the senior foreign flag ofllcer displaying a flag in    the persmnage, or if the psrsrmsge is nnt in view,
an arriving warship, provided such flag officer is      toward the ceremonial party, and if in uniform
the senior officer present of his or her nation.        shall sslute.




                                                                                                         127
                                                                                                                    I
                  FLAGS,         PENNANTS,    HONORS,     CEREMONIES       AND CUSTOMS



3. C)fiicers beiig     saluted    shall render the hand        d. A salute Iired in honor of sny otlicial     or
salute during the fig        of the gun salute.            officer on tbe occasion of an offmial visit        or
                                                           inspection shall not be returned.
4.    The boat or vehicle in which a person being
saluted    is embarked     shall be stopped,     if           e. A salute fired in honor of a flag or general
practicable to do so, during the firing of the gun         of?lcer by h= or her flagship or headquarters
@ute.                                                      shall not be returned.

1224-      Inabtity to Render or Return a Gun                 f. A salute tired in honor of an anniversary,
           Sdut&                                           celebration or solemnity shall not be returned.

1. A gun salute shall not be fwsd when a return                g. Subject to the previsions of this article, a
salute is required and cannot be tired, but shall          salute tired in honor of a United States officer or
be considerd     as having been rendered     and           ofiicial shall be returned with the number of
returned.                                                  guns spacK1ed for the grade of the flag or general
                                                           otlicer rendering the salute, or, if he or she is not
2. In crises where. from am. .mecial cause. a shim
                              .                            a flag or general ofi%er, with seven guns.
frnm which a saluti in compliment to a fOrei&
power or official may reasonably be expected, is           2. No return salute may be expected in the case
unable to salute, the circumstances      are to be         of a salute tired by a United Ststes ship or
explained immerhately to the representative      of        station in honor of a foreign sovereign, head of
such foreign power.                                        state, member of a reigning royal family or
                                                           special represen~tive    of a head of state, or on
3. In cases where, from any special circum-
                                                           the occasion       of a foreign     anniversary,
stances, the fsilure to salute cannot be explained
                                                           celebration or solemnity, or on the occasion of an
without giving offense to a foreign power or
                                                           official visit. Otherwise a salutt tirsd in honor of
oficial, salutes shall be tired by any SKIP which
                                                           a foreign nation, or of a foreign Offlcial or oflicer,
can do so with safety.
                                                           may be expected to be returned gun for gun.

1225-      Returning     a Gun Salute.
                                                           122S.   Re.strictiona   on Gun Safutes.
1. The followine rules shall be observed             bv
United States Sh& and Sb3ti0B                              1. In the presence of the President of the United
                                                           States, or the president, sovereign or a member
     a-   A salute fried to the nation by a foreign
                                                           of the reignkg royal family of a foreign nation,
ahip arriving     in port shall be returned gun for
                                                           no gun salute       which    may be prescribed
w-                                                         elsewhere in tbesa regulations shall be fwed to
   b. A salute fired to a flag or general officer          any other oflicial of lesser rank of that nation.
by a foreign ship or station shall be returned gun
                                                           2. When two or more oftlcials or officers, each
for gun.
                                                           entitled to a gun salute, make an offkial visit in
   c. A salute fired in honor of the President of          company @ a ship or station, only the senior
the United States, or of the Secre@ry of State             shall be saluted.    If they arrive or depart at
when acting as special representative      of the          dfierent times, each shall he rendered the gun
President, shall not be returned.                          salute to which he or she is entitled.




12s
                FLAGS, PENNANTS,          HONORS, CEREMONIES           AND CUSTOMS



3. SsIutes shall not be fired inports or locations     6. No officer of the armed services, while in
where they are forbidden by local regulations.         civilian clothes, shall be saluted with guns,
                                                       unless he or she is at the time acting in an
4. Noofflcial arofflcsr, United States or foreign,     ofikial civil capacit y.
except those entitled ta 17 or more guns, shall be
                                                       7, No salute shall be tirsd between sunset and
saluted by the same ship or station more than
                                                       sunrise, bsfore 0600 or on Sunday, except where
once in twelve months, unless, and subject to the
                                                       international   courtesy    so dictates,   or when
other provisions     of these regulations,     such
                                                       related to death ceremonies.        Subject to the
official or officer has been advanced in grade,
                                                       provisions of this paragraph,     a gun salute in
makes an official visit or inspection,      or is on
                                                       honor of an official or offksr who arrives before
special duty in which international courtesy is
                                                       0600 shall be tired at 0S00. However, if the day
involved or exceptional circumstances exist. In
                                                       is Sunday, the salute shsIl be fwsd on Monday.
the latter case, the commanding      off]cer, in the
                                                       The saluts shall not be fwed if the offkial       or
absence of instructions, shall exercise discretion.
                                                       officer hss departed meanwhile. In case of a gun
                                                       salute at 0800, the first gun of the salute shall be
5. No otlker, except a flag or general o!llcer,        fired immediately       upon the completion       of
shall be saluted with guns except inretum fora         morning colors or the last note of the last
gun salute.                                            national anthem,
      (Page intentionally   left bkink)




130
                                                                          Chapter 12

         FLAGS, PENNANTS, HONORS, CEREMONIES
                     AND CUSTOMS
                                                     Section 5. Passing Honors

                                                                           Contents

                                                                         A&k                                                                        Art&&
    ‘Passing Hcmms- and                                                          Scquencein Scmde+PassimsHomrs            ... ... . .                1231
       ‘Clase Abnm’d-Defined . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1227   Dispensing Wich Pseamg Homrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1232
    Pamiing H.anars Between Ships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       122s   Crew at Quartets OnEnL.x@ or
    f%sing Honors w OK:cirJisand                                                    LwJinglb-1    ................................ ..                1233
       OfFucrsEmt.arkedi nEom.r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         1229
    PassiLIs Hmmrs m Foreisn
       Dignimrimand Wmships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         1230




    Mm.         “Passing         Honors” snd “Close                               These    honors  shall be acknowledged                              by
                Aboard-          Defined.                                         rendering the ssnre homrs in return.

    ‘Passing honors” are those honors, other than                                 122s.       Psssing Hooors to 0f6ciabi and
    gun salutss, rendered on occasions when ships or                                          Officers Embarksd in Em&
    embarked offIcisls or o!?icsrs pass, or are passed,
                                                                                  1. The honnrs prescribed     in Table 3 shall be
    close abnard. ‘Close aboard” shall mean passing
                                                                                  rendered by e ship of the Navy being passed
    within six hundred yards for ships and four
                                                                                  close almard by a boat displaying     the flag or
    hundred yards for Ismts. These rules shsll be
                                                                                  pennant of the following officials ad o~~mrs.
    interpreted Iiberslly, ta ensure that appropriate
    honors are rendered.                                                          2. Persons on the quarter-deck      shall salute
                                                                                  when a boat passes close abnard in which a flag
                                                                                  officer, a unit commander      or a commanding
    122S.       Passing Honors Between Ships.                                     ofiicsr is embarked as indicatsd by a display of a
                                                                                  personal flag, command pennant. commission
    1. Passing   honors,   consisting   of sounding                               pennant or miniature thersof.
    “Attention’” and rendering the hand salute by all
    persons on view on deck and not in ranks, shall                               1230.       Psssing Honors tn Foreign
    be exchangsd ~tween       ships of the Navy and                                           Di@tsuiss  snd Warshiw
    Iretwsen ships of the Navy and the Cast   Guard,
                                                                                  1. The honors pressribsd for the R&dent   of the
    passing      close    aboard.
                                                                                  Uni@d S&&s shall be rendered by a ship of the
    2. In addition, the honors prescribed in Table 2                              Navy keing passed close aboard by a ship or boat
    shall be rendered by a ship of the Navy passing                               displaying        the flag or standard               of a foreign
    close aboard a ship or naval station displaying                               president, sovereign or member of a reigning
    the flag of the off:cials indicatsd therein and by                            royal family, except that the forsign national
    naval stations, insofar as practicable,when      a                            anthem shall be played in lieu of the rmtional
    ship displaying such flag passes close aboard.                                anthem of the United Statss.




                                                                                                                                                     131
I
                     FLAGS,       PENNANTS,   HONORS,        CEREMONIES        AND CUSTONIS



    2. Passing   honors shall be exchanged     with           3. The senior officer present may direct that
    foreign warships passed close aboard and shall            psssing honors be dispensed with in whole or in
    consist   of parading  the guard of the day,              part.
    sounding “’Attention,” rendering the salute by
                                                              4. Passing honors shall not ba rendered by nor
    all persons in view on deck, and playing the
                                                              required of ships with small bridge areas, such
    foreign national anthem.
                                                              ss submarines, particularly when in restricted
                                                              waters.
    1231.      Sequence in Rendering Paasing
               Honors.

    1. “Attention”  shall be sounded    by the junior         1233.    Crew  at Quarters on Entering or
    when the bow of one ship passes the bow or stern                   Leaving Pofi
    of the other, or, if the senior is embarked in a
    boat, before the boat is abreast,     or nearest    to    1. The crew shall be paraded at quarters during
    abreast,   the quarterdeck.                               dsylight on entering or leaving port on occasions
                                                              of ceremony    except when weather      or other
    2. The &ird,   if required, shall present arms,
                                                              circumstances      make it impracticable        or
    and all persms in view on deck shall salute.
                                                              undesirable   to do so. Occasions   of ceremony
    3. The music, if required, shall sound off.               include

    4. “Carry  on” shall be sounded   when             the      a.    visits that are not operational;
    prescribed   honors have been rendered             and
                                                                 b. at homeport     when departing          for    or
    acknowledged.
                                                              returning from a lengthy deploymen~

    1232.      D~pensing   With Paaaing    Honors.              c.    visits to foreign ports not visited recently;
                                                              and
    1. Passing honors shall not be rendered after
    sunset or before 0800 except when international             d. other special occasiona so determined          by a
    courtesy requires.                                        superior.

    2. Pasaing   honors shall not be exchanged                2. In lieu of parading    the entire crew at
    bstween ships of the Navy engaged in tactical             quarters, an honor guard may be paraded in a
    evolutions outside port.                                  conspicuous place on weather decks.




I




    132
                                                                                            Chapter 12
I          FLAGS, PENNANTS, HONORS, CEREMONIES
                       AND CUSTOMS
                                                       Section 6. Official Visits and Calls

                                                                                             Contents

                                                                                          Artic&                                                                                            A rlide
    Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      1234    Offhinl Visits With United SW*S
    Table of Honors for OITwial Viaita of                                                             Diplomatic and Consular
        United Smtes Of&ers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                        1235       ~Pr~ntmi.es           . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .      1242
    Table of Honors for Offuial Visits of                                                          013iclal Vtsits With 00vonwrsof
        United SIn@s Civil OfFAala . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                            1236      United Sues Tmritnries,
    Table of Hmuxs for Official Visits of                                                             COmmonwe.lthsand POssessic.ms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                             1242
        Foreign OfficidsandO fiicers.                     .. ...........                    1237   Official Visits With Foreign
    Table of precedence of Dipl.mumk and                                                              Offilsmdofrlcms                 . .. . .. . . . . . . . ... ..... . .. . .              1244
        CimsularSepreeantatives.                                .               .          1228    Uniform fmOKicie,l Vi.qiL9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                1245
I   Offmisl Visits tn tie Prcaident and m
        Civil 017icia19of tbe Department at
                                                                                                   Honors cmDcparture for, m F&turn
                                                                                                      From, an OSeial Vi.sit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 1246
        Defense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1229    Pracedmforofiii            lviska . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            1247
    Otlicial Viska and Calb Among                                                                  Satigolliciulv       initsnndcalls                      .. ...... ..... .. .               124s
        Oilicers.ftbe Nwe.15ervice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                         124U    Side H.mmm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . .     1249
    Official Visits and Calls Sctween                                                              Dispensiq With Side Soys cad
        Off,cer softhe Naval Service mid                                                              Gumdmdsand              . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .      1250
        Other Armed Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                   1241    Uniform for Members of tie
                                                                                                      Marim CoT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            1251




    1234.           Definitions.                                                                     occasion          of the offtcial                visits        of the following
                                                                                                     United  States   civil officials (ashore, the single
    1. An official visit is a formal visit of courtesy
                                                                                                     gun salute,    when prescribed, slxail be fired on
    requiring special honors and ceremonies.
                                                                                                    arrival instead of on departure).
    2. A call is an informal      visit                                     of courtesy
    requiring no special ceremonies.                                                                 1237.          Table of Honors for 0f3%ial Visits of
                                                                                                                    Foreign Officials and OfKcers.
    1235.          Table of Honors for Official Visits of
                   United States Officers.                                                          Except EMrnodK1ed or dispenssd with by these
                                                                                                    regulations, the honors prescribed       in TabIe 6
    Except as modifkd or dispensed with by these
                                                                                                    shall be rendered by a ship or station on the
    regulations, the honors prescribed in Table 4
                                                                                                    occasion of the official visits of the following
    shall      be rendered                 by a ship or station                           on the
                                                                                                    foreign officials and officers (asimre, the single
    occasion of the ofiicial visits of the United States
                                                                                                    gun salute,when prescribed,       shaIl be fired on
    ofllcers listed therein (ashore. the single gun
                                                                                                    arrival instead of on departure).
    salute, when prescribed, shsll be fired on arrival
    insLead of on departure).
                                                                                                     123S.          Table of Precedence of Diplomatic
    1236.          Table of Honors for Ofticial Visits of                                                           and Consular Represenrativs.s.
                   United States Civil Officiafs.
                                                                                                    A diplomatic      representative  in a country     to
    Except as rnoditled or dispsnsed with by these                                                  which accredited, and a consulsr representative
    regulations, the honors prescribed  in Table 5                                                  in a district t,a which assigned, takes precedence
    shall bs rendered by a ship or station on the                                                   as set forth in Table 7.




                                                                                                                                                                                             133
                   FLAGS, PENNANTS,          HONORS,      CEREMONIES        AND      CUSTOMS




1239.    ORicicd V&]tstotbe     President sndto            officer present in the naval service shall arrange
         Civil Officials of the Department  of             with the commsnder concerned for the exchange
         Defense.                                          of oficial vis&, or cslls, ~ appropriate.

When the Resident,      the .%retmy    of Defense,
                                                           1242       Official Viiits WMI United Statea
Deputy %cret.ary of Defense, the secretary       of
                                                                      Diplomatic and Consular
the Navy, m Under Secretary of Defense, an
                                                                      Representatives.
Assistant    Secretary   of Defense,   the Under
Secretary of the Navy, or an Assistant Ssuekry             1. Upon arrival in a foreign port where United
of the Navy, away from the ssat of government,             States diplomatic or consular representatives
arrives in the vicinity of a naval command, the            accredited    to that foreign   government       are
senior officer present shall, if practicable   and         presenL, the senior off]cer present shall, if time
apprOPria@, pay such person an ofticial          visit.    and circumstances     permit, exchange     oitlcial
Such tilt ordinarily is not returned.                      visits   with both the senior        diplomatic
                                                           representative      and the senior      consular
1240.    ORicisl  Visits snd CSUS Among                    representative present. When practicable, prior
         Officers of the Naval %-vita                      notice   of arrival      in port,   and   the   probable
                                                           duration      of stay,      be given
                                                                                      shall           to such
1. An offker assuming commsnd shall, at the
                                                           representatives.    A suitable boat shall be
first opportunity   thereafter,   make an oftlcial
                                                           furnished them for making off]cial visils.
visit to the senior to whom he or sbe is repm-ting
for duty in command, and ta any successor of               2. Officers of the naval servim shall make the
that senior except that for shore commsnds a               first visit to the chief of a diplomatic mission of
call shall be made in lieu of such official visk           or above the rank of charge d’sffsires.

2. Unless dispensed       with by the senior,     calls    3. In the exchange       of visits with consular
shall bs made                                              representatives,   ofticers in the naval service
                                                           shall make or receive the first ofllcial visit in
  %     By the commander        of an arriving     unit
                                                           accordsrice with their relative precedence with
upon MS or her immsdiata superior k the ~fin
                                                           the consular representatives      concerned, as set
of commsnd if presen~ and, when circumstances
                                                           forth in the precedence bble of this chapter.
psrmik upon the senior olher present.

  b. By an officer       in command upon an                1243.      Official Viiits WItb Governors  of
immsdiate supsrior in the chain of command                            United States Te.nitoriee,  Common-
upon the arrival of the latter.                                       wealths and Possessions.

    c. By sn officer who has been the senior               1. At the ssat of government of a United States
officer present, upon his or her successor.                territory, commonwealth or possession having a
                                                           governor general or governor commissioned      as
   d. By the commander of a unit arriving at a
                                                           such by the President, the senior otlicer pre=nt
naval base or station upon the commander          of
                                                           shall, witbin twenty-four hours sitar arrival or
such base or station;      except that when the
                                                           assuming command, make an official visit ta the
former is senior, the latter shall make the call.
                                                           governor general, governor or, in the absence of
   e. By sn ofiicer reporting      for duty, upon the      that official, to the acting governor general or
commanding officer.                                        governor.

3. When arrivals occur sfter 1600, or on Sunday,           2. When the senior        officer    permanently
or on a holiday, the required     calls may be             established    in command         ashore  in such
postponed until the next working day.                      territory, commonwealth or possession is not the
                                                           senior oftlcer present, such offker shall also
1241.    Officisl Vii=  or Calls Between                   mske an ofiicial visit to the governor general or
         Officers of the Naval Service and                 governor as soon as practicable after assuming
         Other Armed Services.                             command.

When    in the vicinity   of a command      of another     3. Similar visits shall be made whenever                   a
armed    service of the   United  States,   the senior     governor general or governor resumes Office.




134
                  FLAGS, PENNANTS,          HONORS,      CERfSMON[f3S     AND CUSTOMS



4. A flag or general officer may expect such                  b. Within twenty-four hours tier       arrival,
visits to bs retm-ned in person by the official ta        the senior ofllcer in command of arriving ahips
whom it was made. Other ofiicers may expect               shall, if the senior otlcer present of his or her
such visits     to he returned   by a suitable            nation, make sn official visit to tbs sanior officer
representative.                                           present of each foreign nation who holds an
                                                          equal or superior grade, and the senior officer
5. The protilons    of this article    shall apply in
                                                          present of each foreign nation who holds a junior
the case of an officer    of the armed      services
                                                          grade will make an official visit to the senior
commissioned as governor general or governor
                                                          ofilcer in command of the arriving ships within
by the President, regardless of such ofticer’s
                                                          the same time limit.
naval or military rank.
                                                              c. After the interchange    of visits between
6. Modifkations    of the provisions   of this article
                                                          the senior officer specified    above, other flag
may be effected    upon agreement          with    the
                                                          officers   in command     and the commanding
governor general or governor.
                                                          officers of ships arriving shall exrhsnge official
                                                          visi=, when appropriate,      with the flag and
1244     Official Viaits Wxtb Foreign Officials
                                                          commanding       officers of ships present.      An
         and Officers.
                                                          arriving officer shall make the f-t       visits to
1, The aanior officer present shall make offkial          of’ilcers present who hold equal or superior
visits ta foreign officials and officers as custom        grades, and shall receive the first visits from
and courtesy demand.                                      others.

2. When in doubt as to whst foreign ofiicials and            d. It is custmnary for calls to be exchanged
officers are to be visited, salutad or otherwise          by comcnitteee of wardroom officers of the ahips
honored, or as to the rank of any official or             nf different nations present, in the order        in
officer, or whether a gun salute involving       a        which their respective   commanding      ofticers
return will he returned,      the senior officer          have exchanged visits.
present shall send an officer      to obtain the
                                                              e. Should another officer Iramms the senior
required information.
                                                          officer present of a nation,    be or she shall
3. When exchanging official visits with a foreign         exchange official   visits with foreign senior
offker who occupies a position comparshle to the          office= present as prescribed in this article.
Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, Chief of Staff,
                                                           1245.   Uniform for Officiaf viits
U.S. Army, Chief of Naval Operations, Chief of
Stiff, U.S. Air Force or Commandant        of the         Unless otherwise      prescribed   by the senior
Marine Corps, the rank of the foreign ofllcer             concerned:
shall he mnsiderad equivalent to these United
                                                             a. A junior making an ofiicial visit shall
States oficers and the f=t oficial visit shall be
                                                          wear the uniform prescribed in the tables of this
made accordingly.
                                                          chapter opposite the grade of the senior to w horn
4, The following rules, in which the maritime             the visit is made.
powers generally     have concurred,    shall be
                                                             b. A senior returning an 05&f    visit shall
observed by officers of the naval service, and
                                                          wear the uniform corresprding   tm that which
their observance    by foreign officers  may be
                                                          the junior has worn.
expacted:
                                                             c. An of?icer receiving an oEisiaf visit. and
   a.  The senior oK1cer present shall, upm the
                                                          all participants in the raception, including the
arrival of foreign warships, send an officer tu cal I
                                                          crew if paraded,         shall  wear the uniform
upon the officer in command of the arriving
                                                          pre~bad       in the tibles of this chapter opposite
ships to offer customary courtesies snd exchange
                                                          the grade of the of!lcial or o!llcer from whom the
information     as appropriate,  except that in a
                                                          visit is raceived.
foreign port such calls shall be made only if the
offbr   in command of the arriving ships is the              d. Boat crews     shall wear the uniform
senior ofticer present afloat of his or her nation.       corresponding ta thst worn hy the seninr oKlcer
This call will ba returned at once.                       embarked.




                                                                                                         135
                      FMGS,            PENNANTS,       HONORS,           CEREMONIES          AND CUSTOMS



1246.       Honors on Departure for, or Return                            the Color?.” shall be sounded by bugle in lieu of
            From. sn Oiiicial Visk                                        the National     Anthem, when rsquired.

An officer         leaving    or returning         to his   or    her        g.    The visitor, if entitled to 11 guns or more,
flagship      or command          upon the occasion           of an       shall    be invited   to inspect the guard      upon
ofticial   visit shall be rendered     the honors                         completion of such honors as may be reridered.
prescribed     for an official  visit except that,
                                                                          2. The honors       prescribed        for an official    visit
abosrd the ofir’s     flagship, the uniform of the
                                                                          shall be rendered on departure           as follows:
day normally      shall         be worn      and gun salutes
shall not bs fii.                                                            a.    The rail shall be mannsd, if required.

1247.       Procedure for Officiaf Visits.                                   b.    “Attention” shall be sounded as the visitor
                                                                          arrives on the quartsrdsck.
1. The honors prescribed     for an official                     visit
shall he rendered on arrival as follows:                                     c. At the end of Ieavetaking, the guard shall
                                                                          present arms, all persons on the quarter-deck
   a.     When      ths rail is reamed,        personnel shall
                                                                          shall salute and the ruffles     and flourishes,
be uniformly spaced at the rail               O“   each weather
                                                                          followed by the music, shall be rendered. As the
deck, facing ombcmrd.
                                                                          visitor enters the line of side boys, he or she shall
   b.     ‘Attention”          shall    be   sounded        as    the     bs pipsd over the side. The salute and present
visitar’s boat or vehicle approaches the ship.                            arms shall terminate with the pi~, and, unless
                                                                          a gun salute is tn be Iirsd, a flag or pennant
   c.     If a gun salute is prescribed on arrival, it
                                                                          displayed in honor of the visitor shall be hauled
shall    bs fired = the visitnr approaches and is
                                                                          down.
still clear of the side. Tbe prescribed flag or
pe-t       shall be broken on the visited ship on                            d. The boat or vehicle shall             be pipsd away
tbe Iirst gun and hauled down on the lsst gun                             from the side.
except where prescribed in the Table of Honors
                                                                             e. ff a gun salute is prescribed on departure,
for the duration of the visit. Other ships firing a
                                                                          it shall be Iirsd when the visitnr is clear of the
concurrent sslute shall, on the last gun, haul
                                                                          side and the flag or pennant displayed             in honor
down the flag or pennant diaplaysd in honor of
                                                                          of the visitor shsll be haulsd down with the last
the visitor.       Iftbe ship being visited is moored to
                                                                          gun of the salute.
a pier in such a position that it is not practicable
to render the gun salute prior h the arrival on                           3. The same honors snd ceremonies                as for an
board, the ssluts shall be rendered,     provided                         oflicial visit to a ship of the Navy    shall be
local regulations do not forbid gun salutes, after                        rendersd, insofar as practicable and appropriate,
the     official     bas     arrived     on board       and       the     on the occasion of an ofticial visit to a naval
commanding cdiicsr hss assured him- or hersslf                            station except that manning the rail, piping the
that the oflicisl and the offIcisl party are moved                        side, and parading         side boys are not considered
to a position in the ship that is well clear of the                       appropriate.   When, in the opinion of the senior
saluting battery.                                                         officer present, such honors will serve a definits
                                                                          purpose, they may be rendered.
  d. The boat or vehicle                 shall be piped          as it
comes alongside.
                                                                          1248.     Returning        Official   Visits snd Calla.
   e. The visiww shall   be piped over the side,
                                                                          1. An official visit shall be returned                 within
snd all persons on the quarterdeck  shall saluts
                                                                          twenty-four hours, when practicable.
and tbe guard shall present arms until the
te rmination of the pips flourishes, music or gun                         2. A flag or general        oK1cer shall, circumstances
salute, whichever shall be the last rendered. If                          permitting, return the oflicial visits of officers of
the gun salute is not pres&bed    on arrival and a                        the grade of captain in the Navy or senior
flag or pennsnt is to be displayed during the                             thereto, and ta officials of corresponding grade.
vK1t, it shall bs broken at the start of the pipe.                        His or her chief of stsff may be sent to return
                                                                          other   official visits.
   f.   The piping of the side, the ruffles and
flourishes, snd the music shall be rendered in                            3. Offkers other than flag or general officers
the order named.             Ln the absence of a band, “To                shall personally return all official visits.




136
                    FLAGS,    PENNANTS,      HONORS,      CEREMONIES          AND   CUSTOMS




    4. Flag andgeneral      officers mayexpectofflcial     evolutions,  snd periods of regular overhaul,
    visits   to be returned      in person by foreign      except in honor of civil officials  or foreign
    governors,    officers, and other high officials       officers, when they may be paraded at any time
    except chiefs of state. Other offlcersmayexpsct        during daylight. Side boysshall beparaded only
    such   visits     to be returned      by suitable      for scheduled visits.
    representstives.
                                                           2. Except for oftlcial visits and other formal
    5. Calls made by juniors upon seniors in the           occasions, sideboys shall not be psraded in honor
    naval service shall be returned as courtesy            Of Offlmm Of the Wmd     services of the United
    requires and circumstances permit calls made           States, unless otherwise directed by the senior
    by persons not in the naval service shall be           Offlcer present.
    returned.
                                                           3. Side boys shall not be psraded in honor of an
                                                           ofiicer of the armed services in civilian clothes,
    1249.    Side Honors.
                                                           unless he or she is at the time acting in an
    1, Onthearrival     anddeparture   ofcivilaffkials     ofiicial civil capacity.
    and foreign afllcers, and of United Stales off~cers
                                                           4. The side shall he piped when side boys     are
    when so directed by the senior officer present.
                                                           paraded, but not at other times.
    the side shall be piped and the appropriate
    number of side boys paraded.                           5. The guard snd bsnd shall not bs paraded in
                                                           honor of the m-rival or depsrture of an individual
    2, Officers appropriate  to the occasion shall
                                                           at times when side boys in his or her honor are
    attend the side on the arrival and departure of
                                                           dispensed      with  except     at naval    shore
    officials and officers.
                                                           installations.

    1250.    Dispensing With Side Boysand                  1351.   Uniform for Members oftbe Marine
             Guard and Band.                                       Corps.

    1. Side Iroysshall not beparaded on Sundsy, or         Membsrs of the Marine Corps wil I wear dress
    on other days between sunset and 0800, or              uniform when full dress is prescribed for naval
    during meal hours of the crew, general drills and      personnel.




I




                                                                                                         137
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I
    136
                                                               Chapter 12

         FLAGS, PENNANTS, HONORS, CEREMONIES
                     AND CUSTOMS
               Section 7. Formal Occasions Other Than Official Visits

I
                                                                  Contents
,’
                                                              Article                                                               A r-tide
            l
     Hmmm-sa a. OKIcial Entitled u 19 or                                    Hmmn for a Civil ml     Taking
       MmeGuns        ................................          1252          -u.       ......................................        1255
     Honors for a FI.X m General 0i3icer.or                                 Quarter--      ...................................        12s6
       Unit Commander. .+ssuming or                                         MusiQJ Hmmm @ the Resident of the
       SAimvinglhmmfmd         .......................          1?.32                 .................................
                                                                               UUimdsuti                                              1257
     Hmomc.tanOfTttiaJIKI.Spec&n      . ... .. ..... ... ..     1254


     12S2.    Honors tn an Officiaf Entitled to 19 or                        broken. Ahosrd ship, the commission pennant
              More Guns.                                                     shall be displayed while no personal flag or
                                                                             command pmnant is flying.
     An offlcisi or ofilcer entitlsd to a salute of 19 or
     more guns shall rsceive the honors for an official
                                                                             12S4.    Honors    at Official     Inspection.
     visit, subject to the regulations           pertaining            to
     gun sslutes, on the occasion of every visit.
                                                                             1. When a flag officer or unit cmmmander boards
     12s3.    Honors for a Flag or General Ofti-r,                           a ship of the Navy ta make an ofiicial in~tion,
              or Unit Commsnder, Assuming or                                 honors shall bs rendersd         as for an official     visit,
              Relieving Command.                                             except that the uniform shall baas prescribed by
                                                                             the inspecting officer. The inspecting otlker’s
     1. On the occasion of a flag or genersl Offlcer or
                                                                             flag or command pennsnt           shall he broken upon
     unit commander assuming command, and on the
                                                                             m-rival, unless otherwise          prescribed  by these
     departure of such officer sfter being relieved,
                                                                             regulations,   and shall be hauled               down      on
     honors shall be rendered ss for an official visit,
                                                                             departure of the inspecting officer.
     subject ti the regulations          pertaining           to gun
     salutes.                                                                2. The   provisions    of this article      shall     apply,
                                                                             insofar as practicable     and appropriate,         when       a
     2. A flag   officer or unit commander assuming
                                                                             flag or general officer, in command   aahore,
     command      shall read his or her orders to the
                                                                             makes an ofticial inspection of a unit of the
     sssembled     offlcsrs snd crew, immediately aftsr
                                                                             command.
     which his   or her flag or command pennant shall
     bs broken, and a gun sslute, if rsquired             by these
                                                                             12SS.    Honors for a Civil Os%cisf Tsking
     regulations, shall he fired.
                                                                                      Passage.
     3. Under the conditions        described   in the
     preceding psrsgrsph,   sn offtcer Wing relieved                         When a civil oflicisl of the United StAes takes
     shall read his or her orders to the assembled                           pssssge officially in a ship of tbe Navy, he or she
     ofiicers snd crew, and on completion thersof, or                        shall, on embarking        and disembarking,      be
     sfter the gun salute, if iirsd, bis or her flag or                      rendered honors as prescribed        for an oE1cial
     command pennant shall be haulsd down. The                               visit. [n addition, if entitlsd ta a gun saluts, the
     officer succeeding b command shall then read                            official shall be rendered     the salute   upon
     his or her orders, and on the completion thersof,                       disembarkation in a port of the foreign nation to
     bis or her flag or command            pennant        shall     be       which he or she is accredited.




                                                                                                                                      139
                         FLAGS,     PENNANTS,          HONORS,       Ceremonies      AND CUSTOMS



    125S.      Qusrtsr-Deck.                                           to the President   of   the   United     States   be
                                                                      performed   more than one time,         ‘Hail   to the
    The commanding         oflicer of a ship shall establish
                                                                      Chiei” may be IIssd interchangeably  with the
    the     limits   of   the                and the
                                  quarter-deck
                                                                      National Anthem as honors to the President of
    restrictions asta its use. Thequarterdeck   shall
                                                                      the United States.
    embrace      so much of the main or other
    aPPrOPria@ d-k as may be necessary for the
    proper     conduct     of official        and   ceremonial        2. When specified by the President      of the United
    functions.                                                        States, the Secretary of State, the Chief of the
                                                                      Secret    Service,    or   their   authorized
    1257.      Musical    Honors     tothe     Presidentof
                                                                      representatives, “Hail ta the Chief” may be ussd
I              the United States.
                                                                      as an opportunity      for the President     and
    1. If, in the course          of any ceremony,           it is    immediats party to move to or from their places
    required that honors          involving    musical   tribute      while all others stand fast.




I




    140
                                                                               Chapter 12

          FLAGS, PENNANTS, HONORS, CEREMONIES
                      AND CUSTOMS
                                     Section 8. Display of Flags and Pennants

                                                                                 Contents

                                                                              Arfic&                                                                                       Ar!iclt
    Authorized Display of Flags and Pennanas                                    1258    Pewml Fhgsand Pen=nU&hre                               ... . ........               1270
    DisPiay of Nati.ansl Ensign,                                                        Permnal Flag or C.mumand Pemmxn.
       Union Jack and Didnctive Mark                                                       When Oftkr Temporarily Succeeded in
       Prom Ships .snd Croft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        1259       Cammmnd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       1271
    NmiorIal Ensigne,t CommandsAshore                                           1260    ALwencelndicatara . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           1272
    Display of N.m.ionsl Ensign During                                                  Personal Flags .“d Penrwocsof Offuera in
       Gun?, aluae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     1261        ti~Aymmobil=nnd                Aircm13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               1273
    D&phyof Natioml Eti~in&aa                                . .               1262     Flags of Civd Oflkisls m Boats.
    Dipping the NaticmalEnsign            ...... ..... ......                  1263        Automobiles a”d Aircmfl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                1274
    Hdf-Mmscing dm Nmimml Ensign and                                                    Bow Insignia and FIasstaff
       UtionJack      ........................... ....                          1264       Insignia for BOe,ta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1275
    Following the Motions of the Senior OffLcer                                         Display of Foreign National Ensign During
       present in H.a@ing mod Lawming the                                                  Gun%luti      ....................... .. . ......                                1276
       Natinal Ensign. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      1265    Oisplay of National Emigm ail% m
    Permnd Flr,gaand PennmdsAflnnL                       ...... . ...           1266       MorIJNations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     1277
    Brosdor B_ebm~nd                 Penmt.                . .       .          1267    Choice of Fareigm Flr.g or Emsigo in
    Display of More Than 0“. Pemnnal Flag w                                                S.tndering Homrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             1278
        Penna.t Atumrd Ship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           1268    Dressing a”d FulI-0res6ing Ship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 1279
    Display c.ia Personal F1.sgor Canmmnd                                               SeniOr Officer AIloaLPenOam. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  12s0
I      Pemumt When a National Ensign is aL
       Masthead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     1269




    12sS.        Authorized                Display           of Flags            and      4. Flags or pennants of officers not eligible for
                 Pennsnts.                                                                command at sea shall not be displayed        from
                                                                                          ships of the United States Navy.
    1. When          the     national         ensign        is displByed           on
    occasions    other than those prescribed  in these                                    1259.         Display of National Ensign, Union
    regulations,     the manner of display shall be as                                                  Jack and Distinctive Msrk From
    prescribed         in Navy Department                   publications.                               Ships and Crsft.
    2. No flags or pennants, other than as prescribed                                     1. The national ensign, union jack, personal flag
    by these regulations or as may bs directed by the                                    or pennant, or commission    pennant shall                                           be
    Sscretsry of the Navy, shall be displayed from a                                     displayed from ships and craft of the Navy                                           as
    ship or craft of the Navy, or from a naval station,                                  specK1ed in table 8.
    as an honor to a nation, stits or an individual or
                                                                                          2. The distinctive mark of a ship or craft of the
    t.aindicste the presence of any individual.
                                                                                         Navy in commission shall be a psrsanal flag or
    3. All flags   and pennants      displayed    in                                     command psnnant of an oficer of the Navy, or a
    accordance with these regulations shall conform                                      commission pennant. The distinctive mark of a
    to the pattern prescribed in Navy Department                                         hospital ship of the Navy, in commission, shall
    publication.                                                                         be the Rsd Cross flag.




                                                                                                                                                                            141
I
                      FLAGS,    PENNANTS,         HONORS,     CEREMONIES        AND CUSTOMS



   a.     Notmore      than one distinctive     mark shall     indicated by the display of the national ensign as
be displayed  by a ship or craft at any one time,              prescribed above, the national ensign shall also
nor shall the commission          pennant and tbe              be displayed at that activity.
personal flag of a civil oflicial be displayed atone
time.                                                          1261.    Display of National Ensign During
                                                                        Gun %+hcte.
   b.     Except asprescribsd        by these regulations
for certain cccasions of ceremony and when civil               1. A ship of the Navy shall display the national
officials are embarked,  the distinctive mark                  ensign at a masthead while tiring a salute in
shall be displaysd day and night at the after                  honor of a United States national anniversary or
masthead      or, in a msstless      ship, fmm the lotliest    Offlcials, as follows.
and most conspicuous hoist.
                                                                  a.   At the main during    the national      salute
3. When      notunderway,       thenational     ensign and     prescribed for the third Monday in February        and
tbe union jack shall be displaysd from 0800 until              the Fourth of July.
sunset from the flagstaff     and the jack staff,
                                                                  b. At the main during a 21-gccn salute ta a
respectively.  A ship which enters port at, night
                                                               United States civil official, except by a ship
shall, when appropriate,    display the national
                                                               displaying the personal flag of the oK1cial being
ensign from the gaff at daylight      for a time
                                                               saluted.
sufficient to establish   her nationality;   it is
customary for other ships of war ta display their                c. At the fore during a saluti to any other
national ensigns in return.                                    Unitsd States civil oftlcial, except by a ship
                                                               which is displaying   the personal flag of the
4. Thenational   ensign shall bsdiaplayedduring
                                                               oKkial being saluted.
daylight from the @f(or    from the triatic stay in
the case of those ships with mast-mounted                      2. During a gun salute, the national ensign
booms and stays which would interfere with the                 shall remain displayed from the gaff or the
hoisting, lowering or flying of the ensign) of a               flagstaff, in addition    to the display    of the
ship    under   way    under     the   following               national ensign prescribed in this article.
circumstances,   unless or as otherwise dwscted
                                                               1262     Display of National Ensign in Boats.
by the senior oK1cer presenk
                                                               The national ensign shall be displayed           from
   a     Gstting underway and coming to anchor.
                                                               waterborne boats of tbe naval service
  b.     Falling in with other ships.
                                                                  a. When      underway   during    daylight    in a
  c.     Cruising near land.                                   foreign port.

  d.     During battle.                                           b. When ships are rsquired       to be dressed or
                                                               full-dressed.
5. The union jack displayed from the jsck staff
shall ba the ,size of the union of tbe nationaI                  c.    When going alongside a foreign vessel.
ensign displayed fmm the flagstaff.
                                                                  d. When an cdliceror oftlcial is embarked        on
6. The union jack shall be displayed     at a                  an ofiicial oscasion.
yardarm ta denote that a general cour~martial
                                                                  e. When a flag or general officer, a unit
or court of inquiry is in session.
                                                               commander, a commanding officer or a chief of
                                                               staK, in uniform, is embarked in a boat of the
1260.      National    Ensign     at Commands
                                                               command or in one assignsd ta the personal use
           Ashore.
                                                               of such an ofiicer.
The     national    ensign   shall    be displayed    from
                                                                  f. At such other times as may be prescribed
0800 to sunsst near the headquarters of every
                                                               by tbe senior officer present.
command ashore, or at tbe headquarters of the
senior when the proximity of headquarters                of
                                                               1263.    Dipping the Nationsl Ensign.
two or more commands makes the display                   of
separate     ensigns   inappropriate.            When    an    1. When any vessel,     under United   States
outlying    activity of the command           is so located    registry or the registry of a nation formally
that its governmental          character    is not clearly     recognized by the Government    of the United



142
                         FLAGS, PENNANTS,          HONORS,       CEREMONIES        AND CUSTOMS



        States, salutss a ship of the Navy by dipping her         Defense, Secretary of the Navy, Under Secretary
I       ensign,   it shall be snswered   dip for dip.   ff not    of Defense, an Assistant Secretary of Defense,
        already  being displayed,    the national ensign          Under secretary of the Navy, or an Assistant
        shall bs hoisted for the purpase of answering the         Secretary of the Navy shall be regarded as the
        dip. An ensign being displayed at half-mast               ship of the senior o~cer       witMn    the meaning         of
        shall be hoisted ta the truck or peak before a dip        this article.
        is answered.
                                                                  1266.     Personal Flags and Pennanta AfloaL
        2. No ship of the Navy shall dip the national
        ensign unless in return for such compliment.
                                                                  1, Except   as otherwise   prescribed   in these
        3. Of the colors carried by a naval force on shore,       regulations, a flag officer or unit commander
        only the battalion or regimental colors shall be          afloat shall display his or her personal flag or
        dipped in renderiag or acknowledging a salute.            command psnnant from his or her flagship.      At
                                                                  no time shall he or she display the personal flag
        4. Submarines,   or other ships of the line in
                                                                  or command pannant from more than one ship.
        which it would be considered      hazardous  for
        personnel. m do so, shall. not ba requirsd b dlp
                                                                  2. When a flag ofiicer eligible for cammand at
        the ensign.
                                                                  sea is embarked for passage in a ship of the
                                                                  Navy, his or her personal flag shall he displayed
        1264.     Half-Maating the National Ensign
                                                                  fmm such ship, unless there is alrsady          displayed
                  and Union Jack.
                                                                  fmm such ship the flag of an officer            senior      to
        1. In half-roasting the national ensign, it shall,        such oficer.
        if not previously hoisted, first ba hoisted b the
                                                                  3. When a civil offtcial, in whose honor the
        truck or peak and then lowered to half-mast.
                                                                  display of a personal flag is prsacribed during an
        Before lowering from half-mast, the ensign shal I
                                                                  oficial   visit, is embarked   for passage in a ship of
        be hoisted tn the truck or psak and then lowered.
                                                                  the Navy,      his or her personal       flag    shall     be
        2. When the natianal ensign is Imlf-umsted, the           displayad from such ship.
        union jack, if displayed fmm the jack staff, shall
                                                                  4. A psrsanal    flag or command pennant           may be
        likewise be half-nmsted.
                                                                  hauled down daring battle or at any time when
        3. Personal   flags, command        pennants    and       the officer concerned,  or the senior ofllcer
        commission pennan~ shall not be displayed at              present, cansiders it advisable        thus ta render        a
        half-mast   except    as prescribed        in these       flagship  less distinguishable.         When       hauled
        regulations for a deceassd ofilcial or officer.           down, it shall    be replaced    with a commission
                                                                  pennant.
        4. When directed by the President, the national
        ensien shall be flown at half-mast at militarv            5. An officer of the Navy       commanding         a ship
I       facilities and naval vessels and stations abroa~          engaged     otherwise   than   in the service       of the
        whether or not the national ensign of another             United States shall not display a personal               flag,
I       nation is flown full-mast alongside that of the           command psnnant or commission psnnant                    from
        Unitad States.                                            such ship, or in the haw ofa baat.

        1265.     Following   Motions of Senior Officer           6. A ship underway shall not display a persarml
I                 Present in Hoisting and hwering                 flag or command pennant unless a flag ofiker or
                  the Nationaf Ensign.                            unit commander is aboard. Should a flagship get
                                                                  underway during the absence of the flag oflicer
        1. On baard ship or a cammand ashore, upan all
                                                                  or unit commander,      the personal flag or
        accasions of hoisting, lowering or half-roasting
                                                                  mmmand pennant shall be hauled down and
        the national ensign, the motions of the senior
                                                                  replaced with a commission pennant.
        of!lcer present shall be followed,   except as
I       prescribed for answering a dip or fiu-ing a gun
                                                                  1267.     Bread or Burgee       Command         Peccnant-
        salute
    I
        2. A ship displaying    the flag of the President.        1. The hmad or burgee command pannant shall
        Secretary     of Defense,   Deputy    Secretary     of    hs the psrsanal command pennant Of an ofllcer of

    I


    L                                                                                                                      143
                      FLAGS, PENNANTS,              HONORS,    CEREMONIES        AND CUSTOMS



    the Navy, notaflag      officer, commandinga       unit     2. Except as providsd above, a personal             flag or
    of ships or aircraft.                                       command pennant shall not be displayed                  at the
                                                                same masthead       with    a national        ensign,     but
    2. The broad mmmand          psnnant    shall indicate
                                                                shall:
    command     ofi
                                                                   a. During    a gun salute, be lowered           clear of
       E a force, group or squadron oi ships of any
                                                                the ensign.
    type; or
                                                                   b. During an o~lcial visit, be shifted LOthe
       b.   An aircraft wing orcarrierair      wing.
                                                                starboard ysrdarm in a singls-masted    ship and
    3. The burgee mmmand         psnnant shall indicate         tn the fore truck in a two-maated ship.
    command OC
                                                                   c.   During periods of dressing or full-dressing
       a.   A division of ships or craft.                       ship:

       b.   A major sub&viaion     of an aircraft wing.               (1) If dksplayed from the fore truck or from
                                                                the masthead of a single-roasted SKIP, be shiftad
    126&      Dkuksv of More Than One Personal                  tn the starboard yardarm.
              Ffag o; Pennant Aboard Ship.
                                                                      (2) If displayed from the main truck, be
                                                                shifted to the foretruck in lieu of the national
    1. When     the personal   flag of a civil otXcial    is
                                                                ensign at that mast.
    displayed   abnard a ship of the Navy,      a personal
    flagor command pennant of an officer of the                       (3) If displayed from the after truck of a
    Navy shall be displayed, if required, as follows            ship with more than two masts, remain at the

I      a. Aboard   a single-roasted         ship,    at the
                                                                &r
                                                                mast.
                                                                       truck in lieu of Lhe national ensign at that
    starboard yardarm.
                                                                1270.    Personal Flags snd Pennants
       b. Aboard      a two-mast.ed    ship,   aL tbe fore
                                                                         Aabore.
    truck.
                                                                1. A flag or general   officer ashore shall &play
       c.   Aboard a ship with more than two masts,
                                                                his or her personal        flag   day   and    night     at a
    at the after truck.
                                                                suitable and conspicuous place within his or her
    2. When, in aaerdance with these regulations,               command. Whsn such an officer           makes an
    tbe personal   flag of a civil official and the             oflicial inspection at an outlying activity of Lhe
    personal flag or command pannant of an off]cer              command, his or her flag shall, if practicable and
    of the Navy are displayed      at the starboard             apprOpria*,    be shifted to such outlying activity.
    yardsrm, the personal Rag of tbe civil official
                                                                2. A flag or general off:cer or unit commander of
    shall ba displaysd outboard.
                                                                the operating forces whose headquarters         are
    3. When two or more civil officials, for each of            ashore shall display his or her personal flag or
    whom     tbe display   of a personal    flag is             pennant dsy and night         at a suitable    and
    prescribed, are embarked in Lhe same ship of the            conspicuous place at his or her headquartera,
    Navy,    the flag of the senior only shall be               unless it is displayed from a ship of the ofticer’s
    displayed.                                                  command.

                                                                3. When the points for display of two or more
    1269.     Display of a Personal Flag or
                                                                personal flags ashore are in such close proximity
              Command Pennant When a National
                                                                as tn make their asparate d=play inappropriate,
              Ensign is at Masthead.
                                                                that of the senior ofiicer preasnt only shall be
                                                                displayed.
    1. The President’s     flag, if displayed   at a
    maatbead where a national ensign is required ta             4. When a personal flag or a foreign ensign is
    be displayed during an official visit, or during            required to be displayed       ashore during      the
    perioda of dressing or fulkfressing   ship, shall           offkial visit of, or a gun salute to, a civil OfYicial
    remain at that masthead ta port of the United               or foreign offker, it shall be displayed from the
    States national ensign and to starboard of a                normal paint of dkplay of a personal flag or
    foreign national ensign.                                    pennant of tbe officer in command,           and tb-




    144
.


                      Ff.AGS,   PENNANTS,     HONORS,       CEREMONIES            AND CUSTOMS



    latter’s flag or pennant  shall be displayed       at    an absence      indlcatc)r   as prescribed       in current
    some other point within the command.                     instructions.

    5. During the official  inspection    by a flag or
                                                             1273.     Personal      Flags and Pennants         of
    general ot%cer of a unit of his or her command
                                                                       Oflicera    in Boats, Automobiles          and
    ashore, such ofilcer% personal flag shall displace
                                                                       Aircrafi
    a personal   flag or pennant     of the officer  in
    command.                                                 1. An officer in command,     or a chief of staff
                                                             when acting for him or her, when embarkad in a
    6. If two or more civil officials, for each of whom
                                                             haat of the naval service on ofilcial occasions,
    the display of a psrsonal flag is prescribed, are
                                                             shall display  from the bow the appropriate
    present otlicially at a command aahore at the
                                                             personal flag or command pennant or, if he or
    same time, the flag of the senior only shall be
                                                             she is not entitled  to either,   a commission
    displayed.
                                                             psnnant.

    1271.   Personal  Flag or Command        Pennani         2. An officer entitled to the display of a personal
            When Oficer    Temporarily                       flag, comm+nd pennant or commission          psnnant
            Succeeded   in Command.                          may display a miniature of such flag or pannant
                                                             in tbe vicinity of the coxswain’s    station    when
    1. When a flag or general          officer or unit
                                                             embarked on other than official occasions        in a
    commander       has been succeeded temporarily   in
                                                             boat of the naval service.
    command, as prescribed in these regulations,   his
    or her paramsal flag or command pennant shall            3. An officer entitled to the display of a personal
    be haulad down. The oflicer who has succeeded            flag or command psnnant may, when riding in
    temporarily     to the command shall display   the       an automobile    on an official occasion,   display
    personal flag or command pennant to which he             such flag or pennant forward on such vehicle.
    or she is entitled by these regulations.
                                                             4. An officer entitled t-a the display of a persona!
    2. In a foreign port upon the occasion        of the     flag or command pennant may, when embarked
    ahasnce of a flag officer from the command for a         in an aircrti   on an official    occasion,  display
    period exceeding 72 hours, the command, subject          such flag or psnnant on both sides just forward of
    to any” directions     from tbe flag officer, shall      and below the cockpit of such aircraft at rest.
    devolve on the senior o~lcer present of the unit
    who is eligible for the exercise of command at           1274.     Flags of Civil Officiafs in Boats,
    sea, but as standard procedure, the absent flag                    Automobiles    and Aircraft
    ot%cer’s flag shall continue to be flown in his or
                                                             A flag shall be displayed in the buw of a boat in
    her regular flagship until that ship is underway,
                                                             the naval service whenever a United Ststes civil
    at which time the personal flag shall be hauled
                                                             official is embarked on an official occasion,  as
    down and not again hoisted until the absent flag
                                                             follows:
    officer    returns     to his or her flagship.
    Commanders        in chief and fleet commanders             a.   A union jack for:
    have authority      to modify the procedure     with
                                                                   (1) A diplomatic representative            of or above
    respect to their psrsmml flags as tbe exigencies
                                                             the rank of char@ d’affaires, within             the watsrs
    of the services rsquire.
                                                             of the country to which accredited.

    1272.   Ahaence     Indicators.                                (2) A governor      general   or governor
                                                             commissioned    as such by the President,  within
    In ships, the absence   of an oftlcial or officer
                                                             the area orhis or her jurisdiction.
    whose personal flag or pennant ia displayed,      a
    chief of sM,  or a commanding     oflicer shall be          b. The consular             flag   for    a   consular
    indicated from sunrise to sunset by the display of       representative.




                                                                                                                        145
                    FLAGS,    PENNANTS,           HONORS,        CEREMONIES          AND CUSTOMS



   c. l%eprssmibsd     psrsonrdflag    forothercivi)                e.    A flat tmck:
offkials when they sre entitlsd to the display of
                                                                         (1) For an officer below    the grade,          or
a p-ml     flag during em ofiicial visit.                         relative gmde, ofcummsnder    in the Navy.
   d. A civif ofi%ial entitlsd tn the display of a
                                                                         (2) For a civil otT_cial not listsd above, and
pet-sonsf flsg rosy, when riding in an autmnobile
                                                                  for whom honors are prescribed          for an official
on an 05cial   -ion,     display such flag forwsrd
                                                                  visit.
on such vehidfi
                                                                  1276.    Display   of For-sign National       Ensign
   e. A civil official entitlsd to the dqlay   of a
                                                                           During    Gun Sslute.
personal    flag may, when embarked          in an
aircrsft, displsy a miniature of such flag on both                1. While firing a salute     to the nation    upon
sidss just for-ward of and below the cockpit of                   entering a foreign pm-t, returning    such salute
such sirmsftat    rsst.                                           freed by a foreign wsrship, or tiring a salute on
                                                                  the occasion of a foreign national anniversary,
1275.      BOW Insignia      and Flagstsff      Insignia          celebration or solemnity, a ship shall display the
           for ROsts.                                             ensign of the foreign nstion at the main truck.

1. ROsts regulsrly assignsd   tn ofilcers for their               2. While firing a suluts to a foreign dignitary or
psrscmal uss shall carry insignia on each bow ss                  oflicia} entitlsd to 21 guns, a ship shall display
follow.                                                           the national ensign of such d@nitary or official
                                                                  at the main truck.       While firing a salute to a
   a.  For a tlsg or general       ofiicer,    the stars   as
                                                                  foreign OffIcial entitled to less than 21 guns, or to
arranged in his or her flsg.
                                                                  a foreign oflicer, or when returning a saluts fired
   b. For a unit commander          not a flag ofiicsr,      a    by a foreign off]cer, the national ensign of the
replies of his or her cmnmsnd       psnnant.                      foreign official or off]cer shall be displayed at the
                                                                  fore truck.
    c     For a mmmandmg         oficer,      or a chief   of
stinot      a flsg officer, sn LIINIW.                            3. At a naval station, under the circumstances
                                                                  sat forth in the preceding     paragraphs    of this
2. Staffs for the ensign, and for the per-sonsl flag
                                                                  article, the appropriate  foreign ensign shall be
or pnnant     in a tit sssigmi   to the psrsonsl uas
                                                                  d~played from the normal point of display of the
of a ffag or general officer, unit commander,
                                                                  personal    flag or pennant     of the officer    in
chief of staffer mmmanding      otlicer, or in which
                                                                  command, and the latter’s flag or pennant shall
a civif oficird is embsrked,   shd be fitted at the
                                                                  be displayed    at some other point within       the
pssk with devices ss follows
                                                                  command.
  a. A spresd esgle for sn otlicial or ofilcer
                                                                  1277.    Display of Nationaf       Ensigns    of Two
whoss offIcifd ssluts is 19 or more guns.
                                                                           or More Nations.
   b.     A halbsrd:
                                                                  1. When the nstional       ensigns    of two or more
        (1) For a flag or general     officer        whose        nations are rsquired to be displayed           from the
official saluts is less thsn 19 guns.                             same masthead,        the United     States    national
                                                                  ensign,    if required,     shall   be displayed        to
      (2) For a civil official wtmss of!lcial        SSIUtS
                                                                  starboard of all others.     The national ensigns of
is 11 or more guns but less thsn 19 guns.
                                                                  other nations sbsll be displayed,         starboard     to
   c.     A bsll:                                                 port, in the alphabaticsl      order of the names of
                                                                  the nations in the English Ianguagej except that
      (1) For an officer of the grade, or relative
                                                                  tbe ensign of a foreign        nation within       whose
grade, of captain in the Navy.
                                                                  waters the ship is Iocstsd, if displayed,        shall be
      (2) For a career ministsr,  a counselor   CIr               to sudoard     of other foreign ensigns.
first secrek-y   of embassy    or legation,   or a
                                                                  2. While a salute     is being    fired under     the
consul.
                                                                  foregoing conditions,   the ensign    of the nation
   d. A star     For an officer of the grade,              or     being honored,    or whose dignitary        is being
relative grade, of commander in the Navy.                         honored, shall be displayed alone.




146
                    Ff.AGS,   PENNANTS,      HONORS,        CEREMONIES         AND CUSTOMS



3. In rendering  honors, the national ensign of              difference   in the size     of national     ensigns     is
one nation shall not be displayed above that of              appropriate.
another nation at the same masthead.
                                                             2. Onoccasions      of full-dressing    ship, in addition
                                                             tm the dressing of the mastheads,           a rainbow of
1278.    Choice of Foreign   Flagor       Ensignin
                                                             signal flags, arrengsd in the order prescribed           in
         Rendering   Honors.
                                                             Navy       Department       publications,      shall     be
In rendering   honors requiring      the dkiplay     of a    displayed, reaching fmm the foot of the jackstaff
foreign flag or ensign:                                      la the mastheads       and thence b the foot of the
                                                             flagstaff.    Peculiarly    mssted or mastless       ships
    a. Inthecase    ofagovemment     having botha
                                                             shall make a display as little moditled from the
national flag and a national ensign (man-of-war
                                                             rainbow effect as is practicable.
fiag), the national     ensign shall be displayed
except under the conditions      set forth in this
                                                             3. When dressing or fulldressing       ship in honor
article.
                                                             of a foreign nation, the national ensign of that
    b. Inthecase      ofacommonwealth,       dominion        nation shall replace the United States national
or similar        government       recognized       as       ensign at the main. or at the msstiread in the
independent     by the Government      of the United         case of a single-roasted   ship, provided that when
S@es,    which has a national flag of ik own but             a ship is full-dressed or dressed in honor of more
which also employs the national ensign (mmr-of-              than one nation, the ensign of each such nstion
war flag) of the empire or federation to which it            shall  be displayed      at the main, or at the
belongs, the national flag of the commonwealth               masthead in a single-roasted     ship.
or dominion      shall be displayed     except  when
rendering    honors to naval ofilcers;       in which        4. Should Iwalf-masting of the national ensign he
latter case the national ensign (man-of-war flag)            required on occasions of dressing or full-dressing
shall be displayed.                                          ship, only the nstional  ensign at the flagstaff
                                                             shall bs half-roasted.
   c. tnthecase    ofagovernment       notrecognized
asinde~ndent     bythe Covernmentofthe          United
                                                             5. When fulldressing         is prescribed,  the senior
States, such as a protectorate     or colony, the flag
                                                             officer present       may direct     that d~essing    be
of the government       exercising     protective    or
                                                             substituted    if, in his or her opinion, the stite of
colonial power shall he displayed        except when
                                                             the weather makes such action advisable.            The
otherwise directed by the secretary of the Navy.
                                                             senior officer present         may, also, under such
    d. Inthecase   ofagovernment      carried on by          circumstances,      direct that the ensigns bs hauled
a joint mandate or trusteeship      and having no            down from the mastheads after being hoisted.
distinct national flag of its own, the flags of the
                                                             6. Ships not under way shall he drsssed or full-
several countries comprising     the mandate shall
                                                             dressed fmm 0800 until sunset.         Ships under
be displayed when rendering honors.
                                                             way shall not be dressed or fulldresssd.

1279.    Dressing     and Full-Dressing     Ships.
                                                             12J30.   Senior   Officer   Afloat    Pennant
1. On occasions       of dressing   ship the largest
national ensign with which theship is furnished              If two or more ships of the Navy are tngether in
shall redisplayed      from the flagstaff and, except        part, the senior offmer present alloat pennant
as prescribed     for a ship displaying   a personal         shall hs displayed    from the ship in which the
flag or command         pennant,  a national   ensign        senior ofllcer present sfloat is embarked, except
shall be displayed       from each masthead.      The        when his or her personal flag clearly indicates
national    ensigns    displayed   at the masthead           his or her seniority.     The pennant     shall  be
shall bs of uniform size, except when, due ta a              displayed    from the inboard     halyard    of the
substantial   difference in heights of mastksd,a             starboard main yardarm.




                                                                                                                    147
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I‘       FLAGS, PENNANTS, HONORS, CEREMONIES
                                                                    Chapter 12


                     AND CUSTOMS
         Section 9. Special Ceremonies, Anniversaries                                                       and Solemnities

                                                                      Contents

                                                                   Ardck                                                                     A rtick

     Ships PassiIIg Washirgra.”s Tomb          .. ... ... ... ..    1281    Foreign Participation in United Smtes
     Ships Passing USSArimna Memorial                               1282       Natioiml Armiversaries a.d SoIemniues              .    .      12ss
     NmionalHrJidays      .. ... .. .. . . . . .... .. ... ...      1203    Obsetwnmce of Foreign Anniversaries end
     Ceremonies for Nstiorml Holidays . . . . . . . . . . .         I 2s4      solemnities     . .. . . .... .. ... .. ..... .... ... .. .    1206




     1281.      Ships     Passing      Washington’s          Tomb.           between    sunrise  and sunset,   passing    honors
                                                                             consisting   of sounding  “’Attention-    and ren-
     When      a ship     of the     Navy   is passing
                                                                             dering the hand aaluta by all pe~ns      in view on
     Washington’s      tomb, Mount Vernon,     Virginia,
                                                                             deck and not in ranks shall be executed by that
     between      sunrise   and sunset,   the following
                                                                             ship.
     ceremonies     shall be observed insofar as may be
     practicable:
                                                                             12S2.       National      Holidays.
        a. The full guard and band shall be parsded,
                                                                             1. The following shall be observed as holidays
     the bell tolled, and the national     ensign  half-
                                                                             on board ships of the ,Navy and at naval s~tions
     masted at the beginning of the tolling of the bel 1.
                                                                             and activities:      New Year’s       Day,the  1st of
        b.     When opposite      Washington’s tomb, the                     January;   Martin Luther King Day, the third
     guard     shall present arms, persons on deck shall                     Monday in January; President’s         Day, the third
     sa(ute,    fm.ing in the diraclion of the tomb, and                     Monday in February;        Memorial     Day, the last
     “Taps”     shall be sounded.                                            Monday in May, Independence           Day, the 4th of
                                                                             July; Labor Day, the first Monday in Septembefi
        c, The national ensign shall be hoisted to the
                                                                             Columbus Day, the sacond Monday in October
     truck or peak and the tolling shall ceaae at the
                                                                             Veterans      Day,     the  llth     of November;
     last note of “Taps,” after which the National
                                                                             Thanksgiving       Day, the fourth Thursday         in
     Anthem shall be played.
                                                                             November:        Christmas       Day,   the 25th    of
       d. Upon completion of the National                      Anthem,       December;      and such other days as may be
     “Carry on” shall bs sounded.                                            designated by the President.

                                                                             2. Whenever any of the abovsdesignatsd     dates
     1282.      Ships Passing           U.SS.     ARIZONA
                                                                             falls on Saturday,  the preceding  day shall be
                Memoriaf.
                                                                             observsd as a holiday, and whenever such dale
     When a ship of the Navy is passing                        the USS       falls on Sunday,   the following  day shall   be
     ARIZONA    Memorial, Pearl Harbor,                         Hawaii,      observed.




                                                                                                                                                       I



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                  FLAGS,     PENNANTS,        HONORS,       CEREMONIES        AND CUSTOMS



12S4.    Ceremonies      for Nationaf    Holidays.           3. On occasions     when troops of two or more
                                                             foreign nations participate,     the troops of the
1. On president’s        Day and on Independence
                                                             nstion in whose honor the parsde is held will be
Day, awry ship of the Navy in mmtilon,           not
                                                             ssaignsd a position ahesd of all others, otkerwise
und= way, ahd full-drsss         ship. At noon each
                                                             the order of prscsdence    among foreign     troops
saluting   ship, and each naval sbation squippsd
                                                             will bs determined,  ss appropriate, by:
with a saluting     bsttery,  shsll tire a national
aslute0f21    guns.                                             a. The rslative rrmka of the commanders   of
                                                             the forces from which the parade detachments
2. On Memorial        Day, each saluting     ship and
                                                             are drawn, or
each naval atstion having        a saluting    battery
shall tire at noon a salute of 21 minute-guns.       All        b. The relative ranks of the commanders            of
shipa and naval ststions         shall display      the      the parade detachment+  or
nstionaf   ensign at half-mast from 0800 until the
                                                                c. The alphabetical    order in the English
completion    of tbs salute or until 1220 if IUJ9dutA,
                                                             language of the names of the nstiona concerned.
is fired ortobefired.

.3. When the 4th of July occurs on .%mday,..all –            12S6.   .Obaervance    of Foreign Anni-
 special ceremonies shall be postpned until the                       versaries  and Solemnities.
 following day.
                                                             1. In a foreign place, or when in company with a
1285.    Foreign    PsrticipatiOn     in United
                                                             foreign warship, when a national anniversary          or
         States Nationat       Anuiverssrks     rind
                                                             solemnity     is being observed      by foreign     port
         solemnities.
                                                             authorities    or a foreign warahip, a ahip of the
1. Prior to celebmting      a United States national         Navy shall, upon off]cial invitation,       follow the
anniversary,     or observing a national solemnity,          example of the foreign authority or warship in
in a foreign place or in the presence of foreign             f.lldressing    or dressing ship, tiring salut..ea, and
w~hi~,       the senior officer present of the United        half-roasting    ensigns. Salutes shall not exceed
States naval sefice        shall give due notice to the      21 guns unless the senior officer present deems
foreign port authorities,       snd to the senior 05cer      it proper to fire a larger number in order to
of each nationality         present,   of the time and       participate properly in the ceremony or to avoid
manner       of conducting         the celebration     or    giving offense.     Upon all such occasions, efforts
solemnity,    snd sbafl, sa. appropriate, invite their       shsll ba made to sccord, ao fsr as practicable,
participation     th erein. An offksr shall ba sent b        with the foreign authorities        in the time and
thsnk tbe foreign authorities            or ships whkh       manner of mnducting the csrsmonies.
participate    ih such celebration    or solemni~.
                                                             2. Uniform      accoutrements           of mourning,
2. When forsign troops participate      in parades           including    me-g          badges or bands, may be
within the territorial jurisdiction  of the Unitad           worn on the uniform when appropriate,            or when
Statas, they shall be assignad a position of honor           directed by competent        auti”ority, by persons in
-ahead of United States     troops, except that a            the naval service who sre stationed           in, or who
small &tachmant      of United StAes trcmps will             are officially   visiting,   a foreign nation during
immediately     prscede the foreign troops as a              the psriod the foreign government         ordains as the
guard of honor.                                              pariod of national mourning.




 130
                                                                   Chapter 12

         FLAGS, PENNANTS, HONORS, CEREMONIES
                     AND CUSTOMS
                                          Section 10.Deaths and Funerals

                                                                     Contents

                                                                  Arrick                                                                               Ad
    Deatiofs  Unid    S@& Citil~m&l                                1287    Burial ina FweignWace         . .. .... .. ... .. ... .... .. ..             1292
    Death ofa Person in ths M6itarg Service           .. ... ..    1288    oeati of Dipl.xmxk, Consular or
    General Provisions Pertaining cu Funerals            .    .    12E9       Foreign ORi&l     ... . . .. . . . .. .. . . . . . .. . ... . . .. . .    12a3
    Funeral ~rcs      ... .. ... ... .... .. ..... ... ... ...     lzao    Tmnspoting    B+   of Demassd Otlkial                 ... .... .. .. .       1294
    Disphy of Personal Flag, Cammnnd Pennant or
       Gxnmi5i.n    Per.mmn in Funera19 Ashore                     1291



    12s7.     Death         of   a    United        States         Civil    4. If the          senior        officer        present          deems          it


1
    OfticiaI.                                                               appropriate,   such officer may direct that the
                                                                            ceremonies   prescribed in this article ba obsex-wd
    1. Upon the death of a United        States    civil                    during the transfer of the body of the daceasad
    offkial listed below, the ceremonies   set forth in                     from the ship or naval station,        rather   than
    Table 9 shall be observed.                                              during the funeral.

                                                                            5. In the event of a military funersl of a person
    2.   When the day after receipt of notice of
                                                                            in the naval     service    on the retired      list,
    death falls upon a Sunday or national holiday,
                                                                            ceremonies   ss prescribed in this srticle shall be
    gun sslutes  will hs fired on the day following
                                                                            rendered insofar as may be practicable.
    Sunday or a national holiday.
                                                                            6. On the occasion of conducting   the funeral of a
    3. The national    ensign    shall be half-roasted                      person in the naval ssrvice near posts, stations,
    upon receipt of notifwation        from any reliable                    or ships of other armed services of the United
    source, including news media, of the death of one                       Statss, or of the (last  Guard, the commanding
    of the designated civil oiilcials.                                      o~Icers thersof shall hs duly notifisd of the time


!   12SS.      Death of a Person
               Service.
                                            in the Military
                                                                            snd the honors ta bs rendered by ships of the
                                                                            Navy or by naval stations.

                                                                            7. During the funeral of a flag officer of the
    1. Upon the death of a psracm in the military                           Coast Guard or a general otlker of the srraed
I   service,  the ceremonies set forth in Table 10                          services of the United States, other than naval,
    shall be observed.                                                      and other than those listed in psragraph 1 of this
                                                                            article, at a place where there is a naval station,
    2. At joint   installations      or commands      the
                                                                            or where one or more ships of the Navy are
    procedures    prescribed       by the responsible
                                                                            present, the ensigns of such stations and ahipa
    military commanders       or the executive agent will
                                                                            shall hs half.nmsted    during the funersl service
    be executsd   uniformly by all the United S@tes
                                                                            and for one hour thereaftq      and minute-guns,.of
    military units present.
                                                                            the number prescribed       for the funeral   of the
    3. The national   ensign    shall be half-roasted                       decsased by the regulations       of the service    of
    upon receipt of notiikation      from any reliable                      which he or she waa a member, shall be tired by
    source, including news media, of the death oione                        the naval station,    if practicable,   and by the

I   of the designated oficials.                                             senior ssluting ship present.




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                      FLAGS,      PENNANTS,         HONORS,       CEREMONIES          AND CUSTOM.S



    12s9.    General Provisions         Pertainingto               commiLtsd to the deep,following   which ““Taps”
             Funerals.                                             shall be sounded by Lhe bugle, except that in a
                                                                   foreign port, when permission     has not been
    1. lfthere isnoc.haplain     orclergyman    available,
                                                                   obtained to land an armed escort, the volleys
    the commanding         officer,    or a designated
                                                                   shall be tired over Lhe body after iL has been
    representative,     shall     conduct    the funeral
                                                                   lowered into the boat alongside.
    ssrvice.
                                                                   8. During     burial    at sea, the ship shall       be
    2. There shall bs six pallbearers         and six body
                                                                   stoppsd, if practicable,     and the ensign shall be
    bearers.    Thepallbearers     shall, impracticable, be
                                                                   displayed at half-mast from the beginning        of the
    of thesame     grade orrating    as the deceased.      Ifa
                                                                   funeral    service     until   the body has been
    sufficient     number      of foreign      o[ficers      of
                                                                   committed    to the deep.     Further display of the
    appropriate    grade attend the funeral, they may              ensign at half-mast may be prescribed according
    he inviWd ta ssrve as additional           pallbearers.
                                                                   IA circumstances     by the senior ofFlcer presenL.
    Pallbearers     and body bearers      shall follow the
    procedure     prescribed     in the Landing         Party      9. Funeral honors shall not be rendered between
    Manual, U.S. Xavy.                                             sunset and sunrise.   When it is necessary LObury
                                                                   the dead at night, such funeral services as are
    3. The wearing       of the mourning     badge    is
                                                                   practicable shall take place.
    discretionary    for those   in attendance     at a
    funeral and shall be worn by the escort for a
                                                                   1290.    Funeral    Escorts.
    military funeral as prescribed in the appropriate
    uniform regulations.                                           1. An escort under arms shall, when practicable,
                                                                   accompany    the funeral cortege LO the place of
    4. Boats taking part in a funeral procession
                                                                   in Lerment,   and shall  follow  Lhe procedure
    shall display the national ensign at half-mast.     If
                                                                   prescribed in the Landing Party Manual, U.S.
    the deceased was a flag or general officer, or at
                                                                   Navy,
    the time of death a unit commander,             or a
    commanding      oKlcer of a ship, his m her ffag or            2. The funeral     escort   for a President,    Vice
    command      pennanL, or a commission      pennant,            President, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of tbe
    shall be draped in mourning and displayed          aL          Navy, Under Secretary        of the Navy, Assistant
    ha} f-mast from a stafT in the bow of Lhe boaL                 Semebmy of the Navy, Fleet Admiral, Chief of
    carrying the body. A funeral precession of boats               Naval    Operations,      or Commandant      of the
    shall,   in general,   be formed      in the order             Marine Corps shall be as prescribed          by the
I   prescribed    in the Landing Party Manual, U.S.                Secretary of the Navy.
    tNavy, for a funeral precession on shore.
                                                                   3. Unless otherwise       prescribed     by the senior
    5. The casket shall be coversd with the national               officer present,    the funeral      escort  for other
    ensign, so placsd that the union is at the head                persons in the Navy or the Marine Corps shall be
    and over the left shoulder of the deceased.    The             as set forth in table 11.
    ensign shall be removed from the caskeL before it
                                                                   1291.    Display of Personal  Flag, Command
    is lowered into the grave or committed      to the
                                                                            Pennmt   or Commission    Pennant  in
    deep.
                                                                            Funerals  Ashore.
    6. Persons   in the naval service   shall salute
                                                                   If the deceased was a flag or general otlicer, or at
    when the body has been carried pasL them, while
                                                                   the time of his or her death, a unit commander or
    the body is being lowered     into the grave or
                                                                   commanding       ofticer of a ship, the appropriate
    commiLted tn the deep, snd during the firing of
                                                                   personal      flag    or command      pennant,      or
    volleys and the sounding of “Taps.”
                                                                   commission        pennanL,    shall  be draped      in
    7. Three rifle volleys shall be fired after            the     mourning and carried immediately        in advance of
    body has been lowered       into the grave              or     the body in the funeral procession LOthe grave.




    152
                 FLAGS,     PENNANTS,       HONORS,     CEREMONIES        ANDCUSTOMS



1292.   Burial   ina   Foreign   Place.                  the funeral   ceremonies    by persons   in the naval
                                                         service.
Before a person in the naval service is buried in
a foreign place, the senior o!Xcer present shall         2. The senior officer present,      upon receiving
arrange     with the local authorities      for the      ofiicial notice of the death or funersl of a foreign
interment    of the body and shall also request          official, or member of a foreign armed service,
permission    toparade anescort   underarms.    The      shall,    as circumstances       warrant    and as
senior officer present shall inform the senior           intemsticmal     courtesy demands, direct visits of
foreign oflicers present and the appropriate local       condolence      to he made,     and arrange       for
officials of thetime   andplace of the funeral, and      participation   by persons in the naval service in
of the funeral honors to be rendered by United           the funersl ceremonies.
States forces present.
                                                         12S4.   Transporting       Body   of Decesaed
                                                                 Official.
1293.   Death of Diplomatic.       Consularor
        Foreign Official.                                When a ship of the Navy is transporting          the
                                                         body of a deceased      official, the honors    and
1. Onthedeath     inaforeign  place o[adiplomatic        ceremonies   prescribed for an offkial visit shall,
cm consular representative   of the United Ststes,       if directed by the senior ofiicer present or higher
the senior oflicer present shall, as circumstances       authority, be rendered when the body is received
permit, arrsnge for appropriate    participation   in    aboard or leaves the ship.




                                                                                                           153
      (Page   intentionally   left blank)




154
                                                               Table       1.

                       Relative      Rank   and Precedence              of Officers    of Different    Services.
                                                             (Article     1002)


                                               Army     and Air                               National Oceamic      Fubiic Heahb
             Navy          Marine Corps               Force               Coast Guard         and AtumsPheric          Sernce
                                                                                               Adminbtiiicm

                          Gmeral              Oeneml                    Admiral

    Vice Admiral                              Licutena”L                Vice Admiral
                           Gmrd                 General

    Rem Admiral           Major               Major                     Rem Admiral          Rear Admiral          surgeon
                           General             Gnerd                                                                Gnemll
                                                                                                                   QPU$Y
                                                                                                                    p%~
    Rear Admiral          Brigadier           Brigadier                 Renr Admiral         Rem Admird            Assimmt
     (Lower Hdfl           Generfll            Genera!                   Lower H.sUl          (hvcr HaUl            surgeon
                                                                                                                    GnerrA12

    Cquai.                C41mel              C&ml                      Captain              captain               Medical
                                                                                                                    DireC@+

    Commander             Lieul.ma”t                                    COmlwlnde,           CamMnder              Senior
                            Calanel            Cd.nel                                                               Surg.+

    Lieumlant                                 Major                     Iieut.mmt            Li.”mill.t            =K-+
      Commnder                                                            CaNMder              Commander

    Lieutenant            Captain                                       Iieulenmt            Lieumrmnt




    L,euxmant             First               First                     tieulenml            tie.tatnnc
      (Junior Grade)        Lie”tmwmt                                     {Junior Grade)       (Juoior Grade)

    Ensign                second              Second                    Ensign               Ensign
                            Lieutenant          lieutenant




I


                                                                                                                               155
                                                                    Table       2.

                                                 Passing        Honors         Between        Ships

                                                                  (Arkicle      1228)


                        Official
                                                 I
                                                             Uniform



                                                     AS prescribed by tie
                                                        senior OKtcer
                                                                                     E.k2
                                                                                        4
                                                                                                                  : “Srd
                                                                                                                           I
                                                                                                                                    R5nldLs



                                                                                                                               Mm rail, unless
                                                                                                                                  otherwise
                                                                                                                                  diremedby th.
                                                        present
                                                                                                                                  se”im OK:cer
                                                                                                                                  present

    .SeereMry   of SLme.when special foreign         AS pr=rib~    by tie               4       National          UN           Crew at quarters
            represc.muve c#tie President                6enior oKtccr                              Anthem
                                                        present

    Vice Presiderh                                   Ofthedny                                   Hail Calumbia     UII          Crew .Lqunrters

    S-xrcury of Defense, Deputy .%crew.q             Of the day                                 Nations]          Ull             .Lqumum
                                                                                                                               crew
           of Defense. Secretary of tie Navy.                                                      Anthem
           or Under Secreiary of Defense

    h     ht.n.t    secretary      of
                                 Defense,            Ofthedny                                   National          Ull          crew
                                                                                                                                  atqunmm
           Under Semewmy m an AS&Siam                                                              Anthem
           Secretary of tie Wavy




                                                                    Table      3.

                             Passing    Honors       to Officials       and Officers           Embarked      in Boats

                                                                (Article       122S)
                                                       M%,
                                                        and
                        Officiaf                                       Music           Guard                       Remarks
                                                       Vmlr -
                                                       isbes
                                                       —
    Pr5idenL                                             4        Nmion,l              Full      ‘Atmnim”    sounded, and salute by all persons
                                                                    Arnhem                           i“ view m deck. lf directed by the senior
                                                                                                    offkcr pmse.L mm rail

    -tnry     of S-W. when special foreign               4        Nwimrd               Full      ‘Alm”tim-    sounded, cmd se.lme by all pwSOIIS
        repmsemmive otrhe President                                 Arnhem                           i. view cmdeck

    Vi=     President                                             Hail                           “Atacmi.n- sounded, and sake        hy .11 persons
                                                                     Columbia                        i. view O. deck

    %crebmy of Deicmse, Oep.ry Secmuuy                            Admiralk             Full      ‘Auamion- sounded. and salute by all persona
       De fens-s. Secmary of b, Nnvy, or                            March                            i“ view m deck
       Uncle, Secremry of Oefense, m
       A.s6&ant Sememry o{ D&rue, Und
       Secretary or m A5.5i5uInt Secrm.ary (
       the Navy

    Other civil offtcid entitled u honors m                                                      ‘Ame.fim-   sounded. and sal”fs by .11 persons
       offkial visiL                                                                                in view cmdeck




I




    156
                                                               Table    4.
                                  Honors   for Official    Visits      of United       States    Officers

                                                          (Article      1035)

                                                                             ;“”    ShIute      ,ufn.s
                                                                             —                  and                                        Side
                         oKtce4                            Uniform                     —                       Music         Amrd
                                                                                                mm,.                                       Ioys
                                                                             in-.      ~P.      ishes
                                                                             —         —
Chairman.                                                 Full Dress         19        19        4      Genersli or          Uo             8
  Joint Chiefs of Staff                                                                                     Admiral’s
                                                                                                            Marcht

Chief of Stnff. U.S. Armya                                Full Dress         !9        19        4      Genemlk March        ‘Ml            8

Chief of Naval Opernti.nsJ                                Full Dress         19        19        4      Admiralk    March    ‘d)            8

Chkfof$kaff,     U.S. Air Force                           NI    Dr@          19        19        4      Ce.eralh    March    UO             8

Commandant of the Marine CorpsJ                           Full Otess         19        19        4      Admiral’s !drwch     lit            8

                       Guw32
 Cummandmm of the CA7.SL                                  Full DresTs        19        19        4      Admiral..   March    ‘d]            8

kneml      oftho ArmyJ                                    Pull Dr-           19        19        4      General’s March      Ldl            8

Fleet Admirals                                            FUII Dress         19        19        4      Admiral.. March      UN             8

(herd      of the Air Forces                              Full Dress         19        19        4      Gemredk March        d]             B

Gnemk#                                                    Full or=           17        17        4      Gneralk     Me.mtI   ‘i.dl          8

Admiral+                                                  Full Dress         17        17        4      Admirnlk March       UN             s

Naval or other miliwy governor, commissioned as           Full Dress                   17        4      Grlerars or
   such by the President, within & srea of his or                                                          Admiral’s
   her jurisdiction                                                                                        Marchl

Vice admiral or Lie.le”anl     G...xIJI3                  Full !JOM,S                  1s        3’     %verd’, .,           UN             B
                                                                                                          Admiral%
                                                                                                          March 1

Sear Admiral m Major Gertcra]                             Full Dress                   13        2      General”. or         Idl            6
                                                                                                          Admiral’s
                                                                                                           Mwchl

Scar Admiral [lower half) m Brigadier Cc”eml              Full Dress                   11         1     General’s .x         (JO            6
                                                                                                          Admirdc
                                                                                                          March:




, M.”.. cam. &m.r., olnmm    -,”. th.ti.,r.r. Mxa
‘Not .-w”..     . . AO- L-II.-.,
%k. ,“-d. MR.s.‘Am, h, S.ml.V dlb, A,, Farm 1Z18T.b,.,
                                                  (An
*.L. ,“c.d.mc.A., “G4. ?s.c”timdlt..Al, F.m ,A,t ,238    T.U.,
$r.k. p.c.d.m” .a.rab.r Ud.rsu . . . ..dc.h.”..ti     ,2v3T.bi.,
% -l—m..             h.” -, k. “C&d ..“414.        d “...1*.                          .,dvr.t”u dbc.,..mud...
                                                                  .,b Ib.,r.rm..io. .md                         m    . .md.”d .“
b. t. -d    -Lb .W.d d. .I.-Qtimrmcr   chd. dtd..l ib.a,o..sd   km.. ti.m.O&*mfLb. M... G.s. .1! “c.,.  h bin.. p..mt”d &r k
05-..




                                                                                                                                     157
                                                                   Table     5.

                                                    Honors         and Ceremonies

                                                              (Article      1236)
                                                   Rd.
                                         km S.b.   11-                              6m.
                                         —     —   ..d       M.&         G...d
                                                                                    b’
                                                                                          Cr.4
                                         m.        k.
                                                   h
                                         —                                          —     —
                                         2,        4     N.tiem., mu                      . . kid
                                                         AnIb.m1
F’-,      F7.d..”            m.uD.”                4     -v,         ml
                                                         M.d

                                                   ,     H.il        ml                   -.
                                                         C41a..
                                                          k.

Gm.-d.        h              F.” D-                4     Ab,rd’.     ml                             . A,    h. ?$.tk.l
                                                         M#.b                                       h“
                                                                                                    ,+.i-
SF.A.rdlb. n=..d             w-                    4     Ad-r.       F’.”                                      )htma.!
R.P....m.t-..                                            M.h

n.cb.rk,.lu.        dlb      huh.”                 4     M-I’.       Fh!J                                      N-I
Umil.d*M                                                 M.&

—r,          H.b             Fullm...              4     N—I         Fmu                            .-.        Nuinm.1
—,.                 sp.n.l                               Aaii..                                     .-.
du.b--
.!”-----       .=                                                                                   Lid
amli.l. m.. km.
h.,.,ako,,l, -..
m..,     lh.m&, d .m
—

                                                   4     N.-l   Fnu                                            N.1bm.1
                                                         Asih9.

                                                   4     Ad.,,d’. m                                            N.uod
                                                         M.A


                                                   4     =           m                                         N.bn.l


                                         ,9        ,     Hosei.      mu                   -.                   S.c..l..i
                                                         M.A

C8tam.tmrl.rc+b.             r.u D..0              4     hid%        M                                         N.lbnd
tb.m-.              d                                    !4ard
S1.i..d    D.&J
P..id.mlpm...pmd FullD!.,,                         4     -.          N                                         N.I.QMI
b. s...                                                  M.A

Ud.d Sk. —                   F“uD-                 ,     Ad’m.r. hu                                            N.lmml
                                                         M.ti

ca”-            d
        d . S1.1.            Fullnm.               4     tir.        Full                                      N.-
b. u Al-d sm..                                           M..cb

U..t-.     d lb. n.-         F.u Dr.”              ,     -.          rdl                                       Nmbmd




“1
-=.6-                                                    M..h

~m~=-v              d        Fdl Dmn     ,9        ,     mm,,.       mu                                        mpmi,
                                                         bbd                                                   Sam.+

S.er.uryd&,. Amy             Fdl D-      ,9        4     Rd.         M                                         ta.timn.l
                                                         M.#

Ea...      d b. N..y            h
                             F.J1l       ,,        ,     n.-..       Pmll                                      S..a.l.ri.
                                                         M.r#

y.&uwdth          Ak         FallD,.,,   1s        ,     Homo.,.     FUu                                       Nmuor.d
                                                         MBr!J




156
                                                               Table   5. ((lout’d.)


                                                       Rd
                                                       ml
                              Umtr..-m        —        d        w..+    Goan
                                         .    D.
                                                       mom
                                                       IIb.
                                                               —       —
 Ud.r Sn”.m d                 illCh..l   ,,       ,9       4           Ml
 M.

 —sum..,                                 ,:       ,7       4           ‘mu
 D.6M. d G..”,
 -ldlAo
 CkPMm.midn.r..

                                         ,;       ,7    4              w

                                         17       17       .           Ml

                                         ,?       17    4              W

-.,     *W<                              17   17        4               mu
u.. Amy
—             b..,            II0-       17   17        4              d
*     N..-j

                                         17   17        4              “u

la”-,         IaC..,      m   Ilk             17        4              “u
&...-mrd.
                                                                                        N.ti
                                                               l..+
co-.-u                w
P“-.dmmoftb.Umiu
SuU... imd.,md.,
Uti b,
m.1.imm.

O&. (IA,                      uOr.9           17               dmA     “u               N.&d
s..nl.tidti                                                    .mh
C.hin.uh Ihmty
am., cl..,
                               D
                              1! ,”,          ,s                       ,U              N.tmd


                              IIOre.,         ,3               hl,ml   .!1             N.-
                                                               .rcb
                              ~k              ,1       1       imu.1   ,1[             N.md
                                                               d
                              ICT...                   ,       bid     !U              N.1iom.1
                                                               .Kb

Caa.”lc.n.mt.,                ID”.,           It               Im,”l   ,[1
-.rvntan’ul                                                                            N.tm..l
                                                               .mh
., h$m, G...!
ck.d&b*
d. —5ma.l

FlrcLS.c,.Uqd                 A. 0.,                                    h d.,          N.l&d
E=b.-J ., L-c...

                              b. cl.,         7                                        N.tied


M.r=raf.m                     b D.,                                                    N.uM.I
-m-.-d          “t,

                              b. 9.,                                                   N.tmm.l


                              h. hy           ,                                        N.-,
      Table 5. (Cent’d)




                          *




160
                                                                 Table 6.
                            Honors       for Official      Visits of Foya@n         Offici”s       and Officers
                                                               (Article 12%)


                                            ;“” SdUu       Ruf.                                                            Flag
                                                           rim
  O~cid     or Offwer        Uniform                                 Musk          Guard    ~~,      crew:
                                                           no” ,




                                            T
                                            k.     Dep     skis                                                 Wbnt      where   During
                                                           —
                                            21      21       4      ‘oreign     Full           8     Man     Forei6n     .Main    visit
                                                                    atimal                           Sail    ensign      Truck
                                                                    nthem
                                                                    -+
 Member of reigming         Full Dress      21      21       4      ‘oreign     Full           8     Man     Foreign     .Mai”    salute
 mye.1family                                                        atimml                           sail    ensign      Truck
                                                                    ntbem
 Prime Mioistir or          Full D,-                19       4      ,dmiml’s    Full           8             Foreigo     F.,,     Salute
  other cabinet                                                     larch                                    ensi~n      Truck
  .2Jfker


Ofmer
   ofammd         forces.                Civil oRIcials   Honors as forofftcial of the United States ofcnmparable      msitio”.
diplomatic w omsubir                     Offtcem of Armed Forces     Honmn as forofftcem of the United Smtes of &         same
representative    in country              grade, except that .qlli”d,”t   bonom shall be rendered IA forcim officers U&
la which accredited. m                   OCCUPY positiOn mm~mble
                                               a                      - member.f ~. J.i.t Chief. .f staff.
other dii          cd ofki.1             Honom as prescribed by tbe ~aiorofftcer prescnc such homrn normally s&W be
                                          f.hose accorded the foreign oilicial when visiting .aRicially e ship of his m heroin.
                                          nation. but a sun salute, ifprwcribed.    shall not exceed 19 suns.


LNot .Ppropriae    o. shore installations.




                                                                                                                                          161
                                                         Table   7.

                        Precedence      of Diplomatic      and Consular            Representatives

                                                     (Article    123S)

                           Ofli.id                                                      Takes Precedence

Chief of a Utiti Slams diplomatic mission, including a           >ver any oi%cer cdthe Armed services of the United SLOW.;
 Cbsrgb JYtimires.1                                               nmdover any United Smla civil official, except the
                                                                  Secretary Of StaLe. whnsc oiliial sal.ta is less than 21 guns

                                                                 With, but beiore. rear admiml (lower half) or brigadier
                                                                 5-=1

G3-lor                                                           wiih. bul after. rear admiral{ lower IMU7or brigadier ge.erul

First Secretary, when no G.unc.rlor is assigned                  Witi. but ailer, rear edmiml (lower hdll or brigadier genersl

G.rmd General. or C-and or Vim Camul or Deputy GarIsul           Witb, but after. rear e.dniral (lower half) or brigdier   ge.eml
     General *.    in charge cJ8 G.nsulaw Oenerc.1

 F-    Sccmtary, when mCounselor is assigned                     With, bulatl.x,    captai. i. the Navy

G.nstd, or Vice Cansul wham i. du.rge cJs Cunsuhe                With but after, cnpmin i. tbe Navy

SuOnd Secrelc.1-y                                                $/MI,butafler, captain i. tie Navy

 vi.   Cmlsul                                                    Wiih, but after. lieutenant in the Navy

‘IT&d Sccr,mry                                                   Wtlh, but after. lieuIeIIa”L in III. Nwy

                                                                 Wish, b“Ln&r,      lieutenant in tbe Navy

1An .cti.    Add.      United Smasdiplnmmic     mkkn when tddm       tbe title afCbr.r@ d’@siIcs takes pr+?m.m        an si=c~,ed
in this tab9 e btnsball be accorded the ho.ora specilicd for BChmg6 % al%-     cmlh. occnsm. .[-” of!kml VUIL




162
                                                                 Table   8

                                      Dieplay    of National        Enaigm and Union      Jack

                                                           (Article      1sS9)


                                                      Nati.and  Ensign           Uohmdack              Persoaal k, command
                  Ships or Craft                                                                       *.-L     or commission
                                                          Displayed              diqllsyed
                                                                                                          pennant displayed

 Active
   1“ommksim                                                 Yes                    Yes                          Yea
   [. net-vice                                               Yes                    Yes                          N+
 Inmxive,
   1. commission, in reserve                                 Yes                    Yea                          Yes
   1*service, in reserve                                     Yes                    Yes                          h%
   Outormmniash”. in reserve                                 No,                    No                           No
   0.1 ofmmvice, in reserve                                  No,                    No                           No

 Specild SL9tw

   1“ ammkio”,     special                                   Yes                    Yea                          Yes
   1. service, qmci.1                                        Ye9                    Yes                          N.
  Out of anmnis&..      special                              Not                    N.                           N.
  Outofmmk,special                                           Nc),                   NO                           NO
lNati.anal ensign shall be displayed ifn-ry       m indicate the national Cbue.Uer ofth.mhip. rcmi?.
~PP~m     ~ display .fammki.n      pennant only. A flag oiliiror    mitcnmnunderembarkd      may displsy a ml%         .r
cOmmutd FmmilL
                                                                Table     9

                                         Death     of a Uniked        !Mates Civil Official

                                                           (Article     12S7)

I                                        Nmional    ensign    IAf-mnsied                                 c“” salute
                Official
                                                                                                                  NOWand when
                                                              Period of Oisplay               Fired by
                                           BY                                                                          fired


     +sidm)u     fcmner           AN sh$m and swmior$        For 30 days from the    w AIL saluting ships,     One gun every half
     +esidenk    or a Preside.&   ofdm DePtie.Lcd            date of demb            not under way, in         hour from 0800 until
     ,I*                          the Navy                                           ports under United        s-L     on day &r
                                                                                     Slm.esjurisdicti..,       receipt of notice of
                                                                                     e.”d each t18V.1          demh
                                                                                     sz. tion having a
                                                                                     snl.ti”g battery

                                                                                     (b) Senior saluting
                                                                                     ship presenl in each      21 min”l.e-gun.s fired
                                                                                     pofi under Umiwd          at noon.. day of
                                                                                     Slawsjtitction,           r~t~l
                                                                                     and ea.h IIB”d
                                                                                     smtio. havin8 a
                                                                                     se.l”ting hatt.ery

     /ice Preside”t. Chief        AU ships a“d sunions       For 10 days from the    la) All mluting ships,    Mi.ute-guns equal in
     Iusiice or retired Chier     of tie Dep.tienLof         date cddeath            “m under way. in          number to oflicid
     Iuniceoftieuniti             the Navy                                           pvrts under United        SSIUW of deceased.
     ;t.mes. cmthe Spaker of                                                         Stmesjurisdiction,        fired at nmm on day
     b Ho-of                                                                         and each U8VLII           afrar receipt of notice
I    f.ep,w”lmivcs                                                                   station br.ving a         ofdemb
                                                                                     sc.luti”g battery

I                                                                                    (b) Senior ssl.ting
                                                                                     sh,p present. and         Mi.ule-gum equal i.
                                                                                     each “c.val slatio.       number ta OKICiBL
                                                                                     having a saluting         salute ordeceasfa
                                                                                     battery, in port where    fired m MO. on day of
                                                                                     Lhe rued    occurs        funeral

     4mAssociati Justice of tie   AU ships -“d stations      From the day ofde.th    la) All saluting ships.   Minute.guus equal in
     lnprcme GmrI. a member       .rtie DeparIme”Lo{         until irderme”t         “m under way, in          “umber LOoK,cia I
     ,rti= Cabmek, fom=r          the Navy                                           ports ““der United        fidll= of decensed,
     $i= Presidmt. the                                                               Sbtesjvrisdiction,        fired nt noon on day
     %side”t   pm tmupore of                                                         a“d mcb ~Vd               after receipt or”c.tice
     he S.e”me. the Minority                                                         smtion having a           of death
     aadec .aft.beScnabe, the                                                        se.kuti”fi batwry
     %jOl’ity Lae.dcr of the
     ~wor~p=nmti~=,                                                                  (b) S.miorsalmiw
     he Secremry orihe Army.                                                         ship present, and         Minute-guns equal in
     he Sccre!ary of L& Navy,                                                        e.xb “.sval station       number LOoflicial
     w tbe secretary of the Air                                                      hc.vin~ a se.luti”g       Salule ordeceasd,
     ?mee                                                                            battery, in port where    fired at .00” m) day Of
                                                                                     the r~ed     0CCIX5       funeral

     >vemor   da &.=.             AU s&Ps and slarir,r,s     From the day c,rdemb    Ship and math” as         Minum-guns equal i.
     .nit’xy, COmmonw,llltb       in such state,             until inlerme”t         designakd by senior       number tn official
     w pos8e5sio”                 &rrilnq,                                           ollicer presenl i. port   sid.teof deceased,
                                  cmnmmweahh m                                       where funeral honors      fired fit “em) cmday
                                  w~on                                               are directed 10be         after receipt of “mice
                                                                                     rendered                  or death




                                                                                                               Minute.gm    equal in
                                                                                                               “umber la offkial
                                                                                                               Enl”le Ordecea,
                                                                                                               I%edat noon o“ day of     ,’
                                                                                                               runerel




    1s4


I
                                                                Table   9 (Cent’d.)


                                               National ensign Imlf-nmsted                                 Gun %d”l’?

                 Official
                                                                                                Fared by              HOWand wbe.
                                                BY                         D,
                                                                   Perid CJf Splay                                         fired


        Jnitcd St.m.esSmntnr,          All sh@ and stations       0. the day ofdemb       Ship cad wuoo es         Minuta-guns equal in
        Lepresentitive.                in the meLropOlim.         and the following day   designated by senior     number 1Ao%cicd
        ?erritnrial Delegate, or the   area oftbe Districtof                              ofiker present i. porl   saluta afdecessed,
        leside.t Cmnmissio.er          Cdmmbia, and                                       where funeral honors     fired at “m” Il. day
        mm the Cmnmonwmlth of                                                             are directed m be        &r    receipt of notice
        ~“erw Sico                                                                        rendered                 of death

                                       All ships and E.tatiom                             ship and station a,
                                       in the applicable                                  designated by senior
                                       swine,.m.grcssional                                o~tcer presznt i. port   Minute-guns equal i.
                                       district, temimv or                                where funeral hooors     “umber tn .%.bll
                                       Mmmonwealth                                        are directed IQbe        sal .U of deceased.
                                                                                          rendered                 fired at “non.. day of
                                                                                                                   funem 1



I       :ivil nfilcis I not listed
        ibove, but e“titied m ~un
        alum .“ official visit
                                       Ship and swims in
                                       the vicinity when
                                       dim.lrd by the senior
                                       oflicer present or
                                                                  Frr,m 0S00 until
                                                                  sunset cmthe day of
                                                                  the funeral
                                                                                          S&p and station as
                                                                                          desiwmed by senior
                                                                                          ailicer pmsa”t i. pnfi
                                                                                          where funeral honors
                                                                                                                   Minute-gum equal in
                                                                                                                   “Unlher to Oflicisl
                                                                                                                   salute of dece~,
                                                                                                                   fired m non. 0. day
                                       other mmpeaent                                     are directed WIbe        aft.cr receiptaf notice
                                       authority tujoin i“                                rendered                 ofdemb
                                       funerai bo”.m

I
                                                                                                                   Mi..@.guns    equal i“
                                                                                                                   number In .~,.id
                                                                                                                   S. SIUTX deceased ,
                                                                                                                          of
                                                                                                                   fired at noon on day of
                                                                                                                   funeral




I




    I

    I




                                                                                                                                      165
                                                                  Table      10

                                        Death       of a Person     in tbe     Militsry    Services
                                                               (Article      12S8)


                                                                                      ‘ersc..al flag..
                                                                                         c.nnmnnd           I           (h.    salute


                    Deceased
                                                                                        commission
                                                                     Period of
                                                     BY                               Iellnmt of Bwlp           F&d by
                                                                      Dt,pkay
                                                                                          commanded

    Ch9innan or fomer chairman d’tie          All 6bip9 cd        From ti time a      Lf-rlmswdfrom         Flmgsbipw
    Jaint Cbief. nf%ff. Uniled States         Xmiomoftbe          dcati umil          “e Ofdcakh until      s-u.”
    milircq off,cm cJ5a.ar rnnk,Cbki          Qe~L      ~         g:g=~.              met ofrhe &y of       mmmandd. or
    Orfcmner Chid cdNaval Operations          he Nwy                                  e furled, or          as designrdad b]
    tiuUtldU)LLlr      bill.r                                     fiuieml.            mnval of the body.    tie senior
    Commandant      of Matine carps                                                   Id till boded         ofiicer premxn
                                              +                                       lmm
                                                                                      -t
    F&m   Greed       Offker (Mwin.1 i.       All ship            From time cd        Blr-masted from       Flagship or          Miiure.~uns
                                                                  death. until




                                              -1-
    Cnmululd                                  p.=.% M.L                               Im or &r.!b until     sm.tion              equal i. number
                                              underway. and       sumet nfday of      nact oftkm &y of      mmmmdd        or     tn ticial  salute
                                              byMval              rural 0,            .fllllcral..ar        asdeignarsd     b,   Ofdecemcd,
                                              tlacimmin the       removal of the      nmval of rite bady,   the senior           fired during
                                              vicinity            MY                  Id then bnurd         Orficcr present      fulural
                                                                                      ,WII

    Flag o, Gneml     Oiilcer ( Marine) not   AMSt@               From tie                                  Ship or smticm       hfimle.   guns
    in a.mmnnd                                P-.&    ML          begkmingofrht                             desigmedby           -wJ i. .~b=,
                                              under way. and      fimeml unlil                              the senior           t4 ofiicial nal.te
                                              by =vnl             Surls.wof Lbat                            Cdricm present       Of&ceased.
                                              m.atiom in the      &y                  +                                          fired durim~
                                              viciniLy                                                                           I-tmeral

                                              All dips            Frwl II).           mrf-mmstedfrom        F1e.Esbipc,,     Severe min.b
                                              P=.L   ML           beginning cdttx     me ofdeatb until      Mali..           guns, fired
                                              under W*Y. and      r-ml    until       -t     dthe day of    m.mrmdd.      or during funeral
                                              by ~v.1             -t     Ofrh,t       a r%rleral. or        as desigrmtad b:
                                              statins in I&       ~Y                  ~oval d ti k,dy.      the senior
                                              vicinity                                id tie. hauled        officer present
                                                                                      ,m




                                                                                      T
    All other pem       in the naval          All   6b@S          During funeral
    semi.                                     P.==.& w~           and for Onehaul
                                              under way, and      Lbereafter
                                              by =val
                                                       in
                                              Ssaticms the
                                              vicinity




                                                                                                                                                      ...
I


    1ss
                                                               Table    11

                                                       Funeral         Escor@

                                                             Article    1290


    I                                     Oeeeased
                                                                                    I
                                                                                    1
                                                                                         EsOxt
                                                                                                         I
     Admiral (Nawl md G.eml        (Marine (h@                                          1 Emdim

    Iother   Flag Oficera(Nwy)md    General OHiirt(MariIIS     Corps)               I   ~-Y              I



     Other C0mmi5i    and Officers. Warrant Offkera and Midmhiprn.mof tie Nmq and       1 Pim400
     Marine C.oqm
     Chief PeUY ORicer (NwfY) and Gunnery Smcesnt (lfari.n C-X@                         2 S+mds

     Ot&r enlisted mrsoms lNavv and Marine Cams)                                         1 ?QUud




I




                                                                                                   167

I
                                          Table 12
                                    Parallel Citations
           U.S. Navy   Regulations,    1990 to U.S. Navy   Regulations,   1973
           U.S. Navy   Regulations,    1973 to U.S. Navy   Regulations,   1930


 1990   1973       1973            1330       1990            1973        1373   1990

        none              .                                    0702       0706
        “mm                                                    0703       0707
        1201                                                   0704       0708
        “0”,                                                   0705       0709
        1202                                                   0706       0710
        1203
        1204                                                                     0642
        0101
        0102
        0103
        0104
        none
        0201
        0202
        “one
        none
        “0”,                        0312
        “0”,                        0401
        “0”,                        0405
        “.”,                        0402
        0206                        none
        0203                        0405
        0203                        0406
        none                        none
        0203                        “or!,
        0203                        0332
        0203                        none
        0203                        none
        0203                        none
        0204                        none
        0205                        none
        0308                        none
        0205                        “one
        none                        “mm
        none                        norm
        “O”,                        “O.,
        none      0319              “.”.2
        0301                        none
        0302                        none
        none                        0501
                                    0502
                                    050s
                                    none
                                    none
                                    0601
                                    0602                                  0752

                  0601




                                                                                 “0”.
                                                               0756       0767   0633
                                                               0757       0768   0634
                                                               0759       0801   1001
0801    0?01                        0605                                  0302   1002




13s
                                                     Table    12 (Cent’d)

1990                   1973   1973                   1990         1990                      1973   1973                   1990

0883                                                  1003                .        .,
0901                                                  1004               .... ... . .                     . ... .... .
0902                                                  1005                ... ... . .                     .. ... .... .
0903                                                  1006                                                . . ..... ..
0904                                                  1007               ... ... ...                      .... . .. ..
0905                                                  1006
0906                                                  1009
0907                                                  1010                                                . . . .....
0908                                                  1020        1055   . .... .. ..       0626          . . .. ....
0909                                                  1021        1066            ..        0639
0910                                                  1022        1057                      0640                  .
0911                                                  1023        1068   . ... ... . .      0229          . .... ....
0912                                                  1024        1059             .        0642
0913                                                  1025        1060                      0641
0914                                                  1026        1061         .            0643          .
0915                                                  I 027       1062   . .                0644          .    . .
0916                                                  1026        lw3                       0645
0911                                                  none        1064         . .          0646
0918                                                  1029        1010   .. ... ... ..
0919                                                  1030        1071     . .
0920                                                  1031        1072      . ..
0921                                                  1032        1073   ... ... . . .
0922                                                  1033        1074   . .... ... ..                                    none
0923                                                  1033        1075          ..                                        0926
0924                                                  1034        1076   . . .                                            0227
0925                                                  1035        1077      . .                                           0926
0926                                                  1036        1076   ... ... ... .                                    0929
0927                                                  1037
0928                                                  I 038
0929                                                  1039
0930                                                  1050
0931                                                  1051
0932                                                  1052
0933                                                  1053
0934
0935
0936                                                                                                      . . .
0937
0936                                                                                        1158
0939                                                                                        1154
1001                                                                                        1159
1002                                                                                        1160
1003                                                                                        1155
1004                                                                                        1156
1005                                                                                        1109
1006                                                                                        “one
1007                                                                                        1131   1010                   1210
1006                                                                                        1132   1011                   1211
1009                                                 1075                                   1161   1012                   1212
1010                                                 1073                                   1137   1013                   1213
1020                                                 1071                                   1140   10I4                   1214
102 I                                                I 074                                  1145   1015                   1216
1022                                                 106 I                                  none   1016                   1216
1023                                                 1078                                   1116   1017                   1217
1024                                                 1079                                   1110   1016                   1216
1025                                                 1080                                   1111   1019                   1219
1026                                                 1076                                   1112   1020                   1220
1021                                                 1077                                   1113   1021                   1221
1028                                                 1082                                   1124   1022                   1222
1029                                                 1033                                   1114   1023                   1223
1030                                                 1086                                   1115   1024
1031                                                 1087                                   1117   1025
1032                                                 1064                                   1152   1026
1033                                                 1065                                   1101   1027
1033                   0825                          1088         1131                      1102   1028
1034                   0826                          0901         1132                 ..   1104   1029
1035                   0827                          0902         1133                      1125   1030
1036    . ... .. . .   082S          ... ... ... .   0903         1134   .         .        1127   1031



                                                                                                                                 169
I

                                                         Table   12 (Cent’d)


      1990                  1973   1973                  1990        13WI      I973   1973   1990

      1136                  1124                                                             1294
      1137                  1139                                               1021          1130
      1138                  1151                                               1038          1131
      1139                  1120                                               1029          1132
      1140                  1122                                               1040          1150
      1141                  1122                                               104I          1151
      1142                  1128                                               1042          1156
      1143                  1134                                               1042          1108
      1144                  1135                                               1044          1122
      1146                  1!47   1041                                        1045          1123
      1160                  1106                                               1046          ! 124
      1151                  1107                                               1047          1125
      1152                  1126                                                             1126
      1162                  1139                                                             1127
      1164                  1149                                                             1121
      1166                  1146                                                             1128
      1166                  1103                                                             1157
      1157                  1118                                                             1158
      116S                  1119                                                             1139
      1159                  1136   1051                                                      1141
      1160                  1141                                                             1163
      1161                  1)42                                                              1140
      1162                  1150                                                             1125
      1162                  1123                                                             1136
      llEd                  1163                                                             1133
      1165                  none                                                             1152
      1166                  “One                                                             1134
      1201                  1001                                                             1142
      I 202                 1002                                                             1163
      1202                         1061                                                      1111
      1204                                                                                   1112
      1205                                                                     1067          1142
      1206                                                                                   1144
      1207                                                                                   1159
      1206                                                                                   1114
      1209                                                                                   1137
      1210                                                                                   1115
      1211                                                                                   1160
      1212                                                                                   1161
      1213                                                                                   1116
      1214                                                                                   1145
      1215                                                                                   1155
      )216                                                                                   1154
      1217                                                                                   1162
      1216                                                                                   1138
      1219                                                                                   1129
      1220                                                                                   1101
      1221                                                                                   1103
      1222                                                                                   1106
      1223                                                                                   1107
      1324                                                                                   none
      1325                                                                                   1102
      1226                                                                                   1104
      1227                                                                            1160   1105
      1226                                                                            1161   1113
      1322                                                                     1091   1162   Ilmle
      1230                                                                     1092   1163   1164
      1231                                                                     1093   1201   0103
      1232                                                                     1024   1202   0105
      1233                                                                            1203   0106
      1234                                                                            1204   0107
      1235    . ... .....                 ... .... ...




    170
                                                                      GLOSSARY



                                          &                                   safe operation    and      accomplishment          of the
                                                                              asaigned mission.
    access     to clcasitied     information     The ab!lity
    and opportunity           to obtain      knowledge     of                 armed forces The military          forces of a nation    or
    classii%d information.          Persons have access to                    gmupof nations.
    claesfled    information      if they are parmitted    to
                                                                              Armed Forces of the Urritsd Ststes        A term
    gain knowledge of the information of if they are
                                                                              uaad b dennts colledivel y all components  of the
    in a place where they would be expscted to gcin
                                                                              Army, Navy, &r Force, Marine Corps and Coast
    such knowlsdge.         Persons do not have access ta
                                                                              Gucrd.
    classified information       by being in a place where
    classified     information        is kept if security                     csaign     1. To place units or personnel         in an
    measures prevent them from gsining knowlsdge                              organization    where such placement     is relatively
    of the information.                                                       permanent,     andlor where such organization
                                                                              controls and administers     the units or psrsonnel
    active    duty     Full-time     duty in the active
                                                                              for the prirnm-y function, or greatsr pmtion of
    military service of the United Slates. It includes
                                                                              the functions, of the unit or personnel.         2. To
I   full-time  training duty, annual training        duty,
                                                                              detail individuals   h spaci!lc duties or functions
    and attendance,      while in the active military
                                                                              where such duties or functions         are primary
    service, at a school designated as a service school
                                                                              antior relatively permanent.
    by law or by the Secretary           of the military
    department     concerned.    It doss not include full-                    attcch     1. To place units or personnel           in an
    time National Guard duty.                                                 orssnization    where such placement       is relatively
                                                                              temporary.     Subjact tn limitdions    impossd in the
    active     duty for training    A tour of active duty
                                                                              attachment       order,   the commander           of the
    which      is used for training     members     of tbe
                                                                              forrnction, unit or organization         receiving     the
    Raserve         Corqxxients       to provide         trained     units
                                                                              attachment      will exercise    the same degree of
    and qual~led      persons     to fil I the needs of tbe
                                                                              command and control tbereover as he or she does
    Armed      Forces     in time of war or national
                                                                              over the units and persons orgcnic to his or her
    emergency      and such other times as the national
                                                                              command.       However,     the responsibility         for
    security    requires.     The tour of duty is under
                                                                              transfer     and promotion        of personnel        will
    orders which provide for return to non-active
                                                                              normally kc retained by the parent formation,
    status    when the period of active            duty for
                                                                              unit or organization.     2. To detiil individuals       to
    training     is completed.         It includes   annual
                                                                              specific   functions    where such functions           are
    training,     special     tours   of active    duty for
                                                                              sscondm-y or relatively temporary,
    training,     school    tours and the initial       tour
    parforrnad by non prior service erdistees.                                authority   The power to command. enforce           laws,
                                                                              exact obedience, detsmrine or judge.
    active service  Service on active                     duty or full-
    time National Guard duty.                                                                             ~

    active     duty fist          A single      list    for the     Army,     brsnch    1. A subdivision of any organization.   2.
    Navy,     Air    Force     or Marine      brps      which     contsins    A gsographicslly    separate  unit of an activity
    the   names       of all    offkers       of that    armed       force,   which performs      all or part of the primary
    other than oflicers describad in 10 U.S.C.                        641,    functions of the parent activity     on a smaller
    who are serving on active duty.                                           scale. Unlike an annex, a branch is not merely
                                                                              an overflow addition.
    administrative       control Direction or exercise of
    authority       aver     subordinate       or other                                                   ~
    organizations       in respect    to administrative
                                                                              chief of stsff The senior or principsl membsr or
    mattsrs such ss psrsmmel management,            supply,
                                                                              bead of a staff, or the principal assistant       in a
    services and other matters not includsd in the
                                                                              stcffcapacity     to a person in a commsnd capscity;
    operational    missions of the subordinate or other
                                                                              the head or controlling       member of a staff, for
    organizations.
                                                                              purposes      of the coordination     of its work; a
    aircraft   commander      The aircrew   member                            position, that in itself is without inherent power
    designated   by competent  authority as being in                          of command by reason of assignment,            except
    command of an aircrsft and responsible    for its                         that which is investsd        in such a position    by




                                                                                                                                   171
                                                                   GLOSSARY



    delegation    to exercise      command      in another’s                parsons, or which has been subject         ta the risk of
    name.    In the Army and .Marine Corps, the title                       such passing.
    is applied only to the staff on a brigade                or
                                                                            convoy       A number of merchant ships or naval
    division   level or higher.       In lower units, the
                                                                            auxiliaries,      or both,   usually   escorted by
    corresponding      title is executive    officer.    [n the
                                                                            warships andlor aircraft, or a single merchant
    Navy, thetitle      isapplied    onlyon    thestcff    ofa
                                                                            sh]p or naval auxiliary      under surface escort,
    commander       with rank of rear admiral           (lower
                                                                            assembled      and organized    for the purpose  of
    halfl or above.       The corresponding       title on the
                                                                            passage together.
    staff of a commander         of rank lower than rear
    admiral (lower half) is chief staff of freer,and in                     convoy commodore A naval officer, or master
    the organization        of a single    ship, executive                  of one of Lhe ships in a convoy, designated     to
    ofilcer.                                                                command the convoy, subject to the orders of the
                                                                            Officer in Tactical   Command.    If no surface
    Classification        The determination             that official.
                                                                            escort is present, the convoy commodore     takes
    information      requires,     in the interests       of national
                                                                            entire mmmand.
    security,     a spccitic     degree    of protection      against
    unauthorized          disclosure,         coupled         with      a   convoy      escort A naval ship(s) or airc,raft in
    designation           signifying            that        such        a   company with a convoy and responsible        for its
    determination       has been made.                                      protection.

    classified    matter  Official   information     or
                                                                                                        Q
    matter    in any form or of any nature       which
    requires protection in the interests   of national
                                                                            declassification        The determination       that in the
    security.
                                                                            interests      of national       security,     classified
    combatant  command                 A unified  combatant                 information      no longer requires        any degree of
    command or a specii3ed           combatant command.                     protection     against     unauthorized       disclosure,
                                                                            coupled with removal           or cancellation       of the
    command 1. The authority that a mmmmder
                                                                            classifkntion     designation.
    in the militiy       service lawfully exercises         over
    subordinates       by virtue     of rank or position.                   delegation      of authority The action by which a
    Command          includes       the    authority        and             commander       assigns part of his or her authority
    responsibility      for effectively     using available                 commensurate         with the assigned      task to a
    resmrces      and for planning the employment              of,          subordinate       commander.       While     ultimate
    organizing,        directing,      coordinating         and             responsibility         cannot   be relinquished,
    controlling         military        forces       for     the            delegation      of authority   carries   with it lbe
    accomplishment        of assigned     missions.      [t also            imposition     of a measure of responsibility.      The
    includes     responsibility      for health,      welfare,              extsnt of the authority delegated must be clearly
    morale and discipline of assigned personnel.                2.          stated.
    A unit or units, an organization,             or an area
    under the command of one individual.                                    directive      L A military       communication        in
                                                                            which policy is established    or a spec~lc action is
    commission      1. To put in or make ready for
                                                                            ordered.    L A plan issued with a view h putting
    service or use, as ta commission  an aircraft or a
                                                                            it into effect when so directed,        or in the event
    ship.  2. A written order giving a person rank
                                                                            that a staled contingency       arises.     3. Broadly
    and authority as an ofiicer in the armsd forces.
                                                                            speaking, any communication         which initiates or
    3. The rank and the authority given by such cm
                                                                            governs action, conduct or procedure. 4. As used
    order.
                                                                            in Navy       Regulations,       unless      otherwise
    compromise       The known or suspected exposure                        indicated,    this term includes          regulations,
    of clandestine   personnel,  installations cm other                     instructions,      orders,    manuals       or similar
    assets or of classified information or material to                      authoritative   publications.
    an unauthorized     person.
                                                                            duty      1. An act or a course of action that is
    compromised            A     term     applied      IXI classified       required of one by position, social custom, law or
    matter, knowledge of wh]ch has, in whole or in                          religion.     2a.     Moral obligation.      b.  The
    part, passed   to an unauthorized   person  or                          compulsion     felt la meet such obligation.    3. A




1   172



I
                                                     GLOSSARY



service,     function   or   task    assigned   to   one,                                  ~
especially    in the armed forces.
                                                            investigation A duly authorized,        systematized.
                             ~                              detaile~examination-or      inquiry @ ~ncover facts
                                                            and determine     the truth of a mattsr.     This may
flag officer  1. An off!cer of the Navy or Coaet
                                                            include collecting, processing,    reporting, staring,
Guard serving in or having the grade of admiral,
                                                            recording, analyzing,    evaluating,   producing and
vice admiral,   rear admiral    or rear admiral
                                                            disseminating    the authorized information.
(lower half).

fleet An organization    of ships, aircratl, marine                                       J
forces and shore-based    fleet activities   all under
                                                            joint      Connotes     activities, operations,
the command of a commander m commander               in
                                                            organization,   et.t, in which elements    of more
chief who may exercise oyxational          as well as
                                                            than one service of the same nation participate.
administrative  control.
                                                            joint force    A generwl   term appiied to a force
fleet   marine force        A balanced      force of
                                                             which is composed of significant  elements of the
combined arms comprising       land, air and service
                                                            Army, the Navy or the Marine Corps, and the
elements    of the United States Marine Corps. A
                                                            Air Force, or two or more of these services,
fleet marine force is an integral part of a United
                                                            operating under a single commander authorized
States   fleet and has the status         of a type
                                                             to exercise  unified command     or operational
command.
                                                            control over joint forces.
force 1. An aggregation        of milihry   psrsonnel,
                                                            joint staff 1. Tbe staff of a commander       of a
weapons     systems,     vehicles     and necessary
                                                            uniIled or specif%d command, or of a joint task
support, or combbmtion        thereof.    2. A major
                                                            force, which includes members from the several
subdivision   ofa fleet.
                                                            services comprising the force. 2. The stsfTof the
formation 1. An ordered arrangement       of troops         Joint Chiefs of Staff as provided for under the
andhr vehicles for a specific purpose.      2. An           National Sscmity Act of 1947, as amended.
ordered arrangement    of two or more ships, units
or aircraft   proceeding     together    under     a                                       ~
commander.
                                                            law of war That part of international     law that
functions The appropriate           or assigned duties,     regulatss the conduct of armed hostilities.   [t is
responsibilities,        missions      or tasks    of an    often termed the law of armed conflict.
individual,    olTlce or organization.     As defined in
                                                            liaison    That contact or intercommunication
the National Security Act of 1947, as amended,
                                                            maintained    between elements  of military forces
the term ““funcLion” includes functions,          powers
                                                            to insure mutual understanding      and unity of
and duties.
                                                            purpose and action.
                             ~
                                                                                          ~
general orders Permanent instructions,        issued
                                                            maintenance           1. All action taken to retain
in order form, that apply to all members         of a
                                                            material in a serviceable           condition or ta restmre
command,    as compared      with special    orders,
                                                            it to serviceability.           It includes       inspection,
which affect only individuals     or small groups.
                                                            testing,      servicing,         classification          as to
General  orders are usually        concerned    with
                                                            serviceability,           repair,        rebuilding         and
matters of policy or administration,
                                                            reclamation.       2. Ail supply and repair action
group 1. A flexible administrative    and tactical          tsken tu keep a force in condition tn carry out its
unit composed of either two or more battalions or           mission. 3. The routine recurring work required
two or more squadrons.   The tsrm also applies to           ta keep a facility        (plant,     building,     structure,
combat support and service support units. 2. A              ground facility,        utility    system      or other     real
number of ships andlor aircraft,     normally      a        property)     in such condition             that it may be
subdivision  of a force, assigned  for a specific           continuously      utilized, at its original or designed
purpose.                                                    capacity and efficiency, for its intendsd purpose.




                                                                                                                       173
                                                                               GLOSSARY



    management                 A process            of establishing            and      responsibilities,      together with interior lines of
    attaining       objectives       to carry        out responsibilities.              communication         and the minimum     surrounding
    Management                consists        of     those       continuing             area nscessary      for local security.
    actions       of    planning,           organizing,           directing,
                                                                                        need to know         A criterion    used in security
    coordinating,         mntrcdling          and evaluating              the use
                                                                                        procedures     which requires     the custodians       of
    of personnel,   money,   materials and facilities                             b
                                                                                        classified   information     to establish,      prior to
    accomplish    mkions    and tasks. Management                                  is
                                                                                        disclosure,    that the intended      recipient     must
    inherent   in mmmand, but it doss not include                                 as
                                                                                        have access to the information      to psrform his or
    extensive     authority   and responsibility                                  as
                                                                                        her oftlcial duties.
    command.
                                                                                        neutrality    In international    law, the attitude of
    material     All imms (including        sh@s, tanka, sslf-
                                                                                        impartiality,   during psriods of war, adopted by
    propelkl     weapons,      aircraft,    etc., and related
                                                                                        third ststes toward belligerents       snd recognized
    spsres, repsir parts and support equipment,              but
                                                                                        by the belligerents,     which created      rights and
    axcluding      real property,        installations      and
                                                                                        duties between      the impartial     states and the
    utilities)  nsces.sc ry m equip, operate, maintain
                                                                                        belligerents.    In a United Nations enforcement
    and support         military       activities      without
                                                                                        action, the rules of neutrality     apply tn impartial
    distinction        as    to    its    application        for
                                                                                        members of the United Nations except so far as
    administrative      or combat purposes.
                                                                                        they are excluded      by tha obligations       of such
    material      readineas     The availability        of                              members under the United Nations Charter.
    material  required by a military organization       to
                                                                                        nonappropriatmf       funds   Funds generated       by
    support its wsrtime activities     or mntingencies,
                                                                                        Department     of Defense   military    and civilian
    disaster relief or other emergencies.
                                                                                        personnel    and their dependents      and used to
    member             of the      naval           service         A     person         augment funds appropriated       by the Congress to
    aPPoiII@d     or enhS@d    in,             or     inducted         into,   the      provide    a comprehensive,       morale-building
    Navy    or the Marine   Corps.                                                      welfare, religious, educational    and recreational
                                                                                        program. designed to improve the well-hsi”g          of
    merchant           ship      A vessel     engagsd        in mercantile
                                                                                        military    and civilian personnel        and their
    trade     except     river     craft,    estuariel       craft       or m-ail
                                                                                        dependents.
    which opsrate         solely witbin            hcrbor limits.
                                                                                                                    Q
    military   aervics    A branch of the Armed Forces
    of the United      States,  established     by act of                               officer in tactical command          in maritime
    Congress,     in which persons        are appointed,                                usage, the senior off:cer present      eligible  to
    enlisted   or inductad for military      service,   and                             assume commend,      or the cdilcer to whom that
    which op-ates       and is administered       within a                              otlicer has delegated tacticsl command.
    military or exscutive department.        The military
                                                                                        official information       Information   which   is
    services are the United States Army, the United
                                                                                        ownad by, produced for or by, or is suhjact to the
    States Navy, the United States Am Force, the
                                                                                        control of the United States Government
    United    States Marine Corps and the United
    States Cocst Guard.                                                                 opercting forces Those forces whose            primary
                                                                                        missions are to pcrticipat.e in combat         and the
    mission    L The task, together with the purpose,
                                                                                        integral supporting elements thereof.
    which clearly idicatcs      the action ta be taken
    and the recson therefor.      2. In common ussga,                                   operation A military action or the carrying out
    especially  when applied to lower military units,                                   of a strategic,    tactical,    service, training    or
    a duty assigned I.IJan indviducd or uni~ a task.                                    administrative    military mission; the process of
    3. The dispatching      of one or more aircraft ta                                  carrying     on combat,      including   movement,
    accomplish   one particular task.                                                   supply, attack, defense and mmoeuvers           needsd
                                                                                        ta gcin the objectives of any battle or ccmpaign.

                                                                                        operations      chain of. command The chain of
    naval base    A naval base primarily for support
                                                                                        command established     for a particular operation
    of tbe forces afloat, contiguous      to a port or
                                                                                        or series of continuing operations.
    anchorage,   mnsisting  of activities  or facilities
    for   which     the    Navy      has    operating



    174


I
                                                            GI..OSSARY



operational        command           Those functions           of   United Statss forces will initiate   andhr continue
command         involving         the composition              of   combat     engagement       with     other   forces
subordinate      forces, the assignment         of tssks, the       encnuntcred.
designation     of objectives      and the authoritative
direction    necessary      to accomplish      tbe mission.
operations     command should be exercised by the                   security   clsacification    A category  to which
use of the assigned         normal organization           units     national security information     and material    is
through      their responsible           commanders           or    assignsd   to denote the degree of damage      that
through the commanders              of subordinate       forces     unauthorized    disclosure would cams to national
established       by the commander                exercising        defense or foreign relations of the United States
operational     command.        It does not include such            and ta denote the degree of protection required.
matters as administration,            discipline,     internal
                                                                    security      clearance       An administrative
organization      and unit training, except when a
                                                                    determination      by compstent   authority that an
subordinate       commander         requests      assistance.
                                                                    individual is eligible, from a security standpoint,
The term is synonymous                with “operational
                                                                    for access to classitled information.
control”      and is uniquely            applied        to the
operational          control       exercised          by the        service    force A naval task organization    that
mmmsnders         of utiled    and specifmd commands                performs missions   for the logistic  support    of
over assigned        forcee in accordance            with the       operations.
National Security Act of 1947, as amended.
                                                                    specified combatant command          A militsry
                               ~                                    command which has bread, continuing     missions
                                                                    and which is norms]] y composed of forces from a
physical    security      That    part    of security
                                                                    single milikry department.
concerned   with physical    measures      designed   to
safeguard   personnel,  tn prevent      unauthorized                squadron       1. An organization    consisting of two
access to equipment,   installations,    material and               or more divisions         of ships. . 2. The basic
documents,     and to safeguard        them against                 administrative     aviation unit of the Army, Navy,
espionage,  sabotage, damage and theft.                             Marine Corps and Air Force.

port A place at which ships may discharge           or              station      1. A general     term meaning        any
receive    their cargoes.     It includes  any port                 military    or naval activity     at a fixed     land
accessible    to ships “on the seacoast,  navigable                 location.  2. An sssigncd or prescribed position
rivers or inland waterways.                                         in a naval formation nr cruising disposition;       or
                                                                    an assigned      area in an approach,   contact     or
prisoner of war A detained person as defined
                                                                    bsttle disposition.   3. Any place of duty or post
in Articles 4 and 5 of the Geneva Convention
                                                                    or position in the field to which an individual,    or
Relative tn the Treatment    of Prisoners of War of
                                                                    group of individuals, or a unit may bssssignecf.
Augrcst   12, 1949. In particular,   one who, while
en~ged    in combat under orders of his or her                                                ~
government,    is csptured by the armsd forces of
the enemy.    As such, he or she is entitled   to the               task force    1. A temporary grouping of units,
combatant’s    privilege  of immunity      from the                 under one commander, formed for tbe purpose nf
municipal   law of the capturing stats for warlike                  carrying out a specific operation or mission.      2
acts which do not amount b breaches nf tbe law                      Semi-permmrent     organization      of units, under
of armed conflict,                                                  one commander,      formed     for the purpose     of
                                                                    csrrying out a continuing      spec~lc task.    3. A
                               ~
                                                                    component      of a fleet     organized       by the
reserve    Members of the military services who                     commander of a task fleet or higher authority, for
are not in active service but who are subject b                     the accomplishment    of a specific task or tasks.
CSII b active duty.
                                                                    technical sssistnnce Tbe prnviding of advice.
rules    of engagement             Directives      issued    by     assistance    and training   pertaining   to the
competent      milimry     authority      which     delineate       installation,   operation  and maintenance     of
the circumstances        and    limitations     under    which      equipment.




                                                                                                                      175
                                                        GLOSSARY



troops      Acollective     term   foruniformed    military    and composed        of significant       assigned
personne}        (usually    not    applicable    to   naval   components of two or more services, and which is
personnel      afloatl                                         established  and so designated    by the President,
                                                               through the Secretary of Defense with the advice
                                                               and assistance   of Lhe Joint Chiefs of Staff, or,
unclassified matter Ofllcial matter which does                 when so authorized by the Joint Chiefs of Staff,
not require       the application       of security            by a commander of an existing unitied command
safeguards,    but tie dkclosure    of which may be            established by the President.
subjti   to control for other reasons.

unified   combatant   command        A military
                                                               unit 1. Any military e\ement whose structure is
command which has broad, continuing     missions
                                                               prescribed by competent        authority,     such as a
and which is composed of forces from two or more
                                                               table     or organization         and     equipment;
military departments.
                                                               specf]cally,   part of an organization.           2. An
unfied     command           A command    with a broad         organization   title of a subdivision   of a group in a
continuing    mission       under a single commander           task force.
                                                                                   INDEX




                                                                                                                                                                                       0852
                                                                                                                                                                                       0s47
                                                                                                                                                                                       1130
                                                                                                                                                                                       1272
                                                                                                                                                                                       1023




                                                                                                                                                                                           1116
                                                                                                                                                                                           0910
        Ix.diogin    r.reig. wmimm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0915.0916
Armed   aerrices.   or~dcnm.foKtcemi.            .. ... ... .... ... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... .... ... ... .. .. ... ... .. .. .                                                   1003
                                                                                             INDEX



Assktice       en~. wnioroKter Prent                . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0925
Assistant Secreurie,      c.flbr, Nmry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      0310
          Statutary nmrmrlzmm” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0322
          s~mdutimdtie~rem~ortieNavy                                            .. . .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. . . . . .. .. . .. . .. . .. . . . . .. . .. .. . . .. . .                          0303
tititit%c=Wortbe                 Na~(nnMciA                  M~agement)                     .. .... ... .... .... ... ... .... . . ... ... ... .. .... ... .. . .                                     0310
          aulhonw dmspmmibility             . .... ... ... .. . ... .. .. ... ... .... .... ... ... .... ... .. .. ... .. .. . . ... .. .                                                             0323
          ComPlroUeroftbe      Nwy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  0323
Am:m~khm~dtbeNm~(M~~wer~d                                               Reserve MEairB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                 0310
          nulhonty drespnsibility           . ... .... ... .... ... .. ...... .... ... .... . . ... .... . . . . ..                                               .         .                         0324
          suww-dWdrorGm~onofNaval                                       Sea,rdn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                         0324
                  Jianl Council Of P.rmnnel B0nrd9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                      0324
&&-l%           cm~oftie         Navy(Rese_h,                 En@neerin~d                        Sys@ms)              . ... ... .... ... ... ... . . .. .. ... . . .. .. .                            0310
          aultmnv amircspm,mhtlity          . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..’. . . . . . .                .                             0326
hs~t*m~or                  tia Na~(Sbipbuild,ng                     ~d@tim)                         .. .... .... ... ... ... .... ... .. .... .. ... ... ... ... .. .                                 0310
          aullmnty amimspotibility          ... ... . . .... .... .. ..... ..... ... ... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... .. . . .                                                        0325
A9stingc0~                . .. .. ... .... .... ... .... .... ... ... ... ...... ... .... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ..                                                        0881.0903




178
    INDEX



            1020
,           0645
            1214
            1273




            1250
            1266
            0651
            0919
            065 I

            Ono
            10S1
            1161
            1126
            0350
            0938
            1033
            1275
            1262
            1206
            1274
            1242
            1211
            1229
            1213
            1033
            033.5
            1033
            1275
            1105
            1267
            1261
            1269
            1269
            1292
            1112
            1112




            1240
I           1241
            0938

            1234
            1246
            I 240
            1140
            0630
            0829
            0660
            0231
            1201
            1206
            1264
            1281
            1102
            0101
            1063
            I 002
            1010
            1009
            1009
            1@39

            0310
            0334
            0310




            179
                                                                                                        INDEX



                        autior, tyandrespo,~,b,l,ly                            . .... . . .... . . .... .... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... .. ... .. .. .. .. .. .... .                                                 0335
              Mdi&%mice             Corps a.ti.rityoi                      .... ... .... ... .... ... .... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... .. ... ... .                                                 1009
              Nav.10perations             ... ... .... ... ... .... .... ... ... .... .... .... .... ... ... ... .... ... .. ... ... .. ... ... .. ... ... .                                                            0201
                        a.tior,ty .verorganimuoml                              matters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                  0312

I                       delegadnuti.rity
                        dtipaLionofstit~
                                                            a.dr~ptibility
                                                             or&ipsandsvface
                                                                                                 .... .... ... .... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... .. ... ... ...
                                                                                                    crafi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0405
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0406
                                    hospi@ltitps.nd                    mdimlaiti                         ... .... .... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... .. ... ... ... .                                     0406
                        m.i”kMnc,             or Na~figulatiom                           ... ... .... . . ... .. ..                                                                                                     0107
                        of ficeoi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                          0203.0204
                                   research anddevel.pment                              . ... ... ... .... ... .... ... ... ... .. .... .. .. .. ... .. ... ... .. ... ...                                              0311
                                   sUtum~mutio<tty                        endc~Wm,b,lthy                       .... .... . . ... .. .. . . ... .. .. .. . . .. .. . . .. ..                                              0404
                        preccden:e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 0401
                        responsibdm yfc,rNim.1 Vessel &@er... . . . . .                                              ... .... ... ... ... .... ... .. .. . .. .. ... ... .. ..                                          0406
                                                   r.. c)dt=ti.n.rmvnl                              c,afi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       0406
                        ~Lum~a.ti.rnty                    undr~ptibility                         .. ... ... .... ... ... . . . . ... .. ... . . ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ..                                             0403
                        s.ccessm.          . . . ... .. . . . .. ... ... .... ... ... . . .... .. . ... . . ... . . .. . ... ... .. ... .. .. ... .. .                                                                  0402
                        wmP,awreruEe                    .. ... .... .... .... ... ... ... . .. .. .... ... ... .... ... . . . .. ... .. .. .. .. .. ... ..                                                              0939
              Navsl&arch             . .. ... .... ... ... .... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... .... .. .... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... .. ... ... .. ... .                                                             0310
                        auti.rttyatir=w~,b,ltLy                             . .... ... .... .... ... .... .... ... ... ... . . ... ... . . . . .. . . . .. .. .. ....                                                   0333
                        .K,ceor                                                                                         .                     . . .... . . ... .. .. .. .. . .                                          0333
              Supply COrps. a.ti.rity              Or . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      1009
             .@Jfmde.ide         ... .. ... . . ... ... ... .... ... ... .. ... ... ... . . ... .. . . . . . . . . . ... .. .. ... .. ... .. ..                                                                         0711
                        ahnceindicamr                 f.r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          1272
                                   .. ..
                        succes.mmby . . . . . . . . . .                     . . . ... ... ... ... .... .... ... ... ... .... ... . ... ... .. .. .                                                      .                1073
    CtierwmmLoficers,.ume~io.mcommandby                                                   . ... .... .... ... .... .... .. .... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... .                                           1085
    Gril En fineer Corps. oficer, pr_de.ceof                                  .. ... .... ... .... ... .... .... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ..                                                1002
    ~rileutioriti~        mw.        aficialrmor~in                       . ... .... ... ... .... .... .... ... .... ... ... .... .. ... ... ... .. ... .. ... ... ... .                                                 1128
             delivev.rpe~n             innaval~mim                    m ... ... ... ... .... ... .... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... .. .. ... ... ... .. ...                                                    0822
                        Debarment of De fe*visim                             m .. ... .... ... .... ... .... .... ... ... ... .... .. ... ... . ... . . . .. . . ...                                                     1239
             .rnctal. &gsinbmU,                a.mmubiima.d                     aimra ft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       1274
                        mktnBp-Se.                 h.nom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                           1255
                        Uniwr%das.der.!h.f                         .. .... ... .... ... ... .... .... .... ... ... ... .... ... ... .. ... ... .. ... ... .. ... ...                                                    1287
                                   ~a=whomr.~                           . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                          1226,1239
    Ciriti-ExUutive          Ass,sti&,              sutirttyowecorgRnt~uons\                                  mnUm               ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... .. ... .. ... ... .                            0312
              ,uboricy sndreswmibility                                    .                                         .                                                 . .. ... . . .. ... ... .. ... ...                0320
             deli”ed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  0310
    Cltim8, agOiwtin         U”iti        Sm~s, idormatiO” funi&Afor                                        ... ... .... .... .. .... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... .. ... ...                                     1121
    Clmsification      ornavalcrtiL             ChierorNaval Op.ratiomr~pmible                                             for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0406
    Clmnifidinromatiun,              conveya”ctorddmeof                                     .. .... .... ... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... .. ... .. ... ... ... ... .. ..                                          1121
    Close aboard. deIimd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            1227
    Clotting     .bel.ntingmanotitr                . .... ... .... ... .... ... .... .... .... ... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... .. .. ... ... ... .. ... .                                                         1161
    Coast Guard        .. .... .. .... .. ... .... ... .... .... .... ... ... .... ... ..... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... .. ... ... .. ... .. .
             au*oriLyaod.~L~Orpe-min                                    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..w"0204 1035
             hmda"t              .. ... .. .... ... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... .... ... .... ... ... .... ... ... .. ... ... .. ... ... .. ... ... .                                                               0602
             Aawmsbipand.pemtim                         asasmvmein theNavy                              .... ... .... ... ... ... . . . . ... ... ... .. ... . .. ... .. .                                              0601
             krewofhe              Nav. wwem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                    0307
    Co~tiwawm.           tipmlofoil.              ~&and              garbage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            1163
    CtieofCond"ctfor           Memhrsof                  Lhe Armed Forces oflhe Uni~d Sin&s                                                   . .... .. .. . .. .. ... . .. .. .. .. ... .                              1141
    Collisions oromide.w. re~rtor                    ... ... ... .... ... .... ... .... .... ... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... .. ... .. ...                                                         0s31
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1139
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1115
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1206
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1206
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1153
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1057
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1056
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1079
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0703
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1260
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0s81
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0903
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0930
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0902
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       0906

                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0906
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0906
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0s07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0603
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0s0}
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   1253
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   1081




    1   so
                                                                             INDEX



                                                                                                                                                                               1057
                                                                                                                                                                               0505
                                                                                                                                                                               1060
                                                                                                                                                                               I 054
                                                                                                                                                                               1076




                                                                                                                                                                               1075




mowm.tio.     wth other forces        .. . . . .. . . . . . .. .. ... ... . .. . .. .. .. . .. .. .. . . .. . .. .                      .                 . . ..             07040910
dktinctiomtiare        <~~mibilityof~ni.            r.ficer Pre~nt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
inchtef. dcsignatiortof     .. ... ..... .. ... .... .... ... ..... .... ... ... ..... ..... .. .. ... .... .. ... .. .... ..... . ..
          sucussi.mwcmnmand            . . . ... ... ... ... ..... ..... .. .... ..... ... ... .. ... .... .. ... .. ..... .... .. .. .
          SWxcsi.mp rescribtdby          .. ... ... .... .... .... ..... ... .. ...... ... ... ... .. .... ... .. ... .... .... ... .. .
mswumby         . ... ... . . ... ... .... ... . .. ... .... .... ..... ... ... ...... .. ... ... .. .... . ... .. . ..                                              . ....
instmctimsa ndmgule.tione. t                                       .            . ... ... ..... .... ... .. ... ... ... ... .. ..... ... ... .. .
i.urnationsl   law. obxwanca . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
imuameo fregulatmnands           tl191rucUO09      .. .. . . . .. . . .. .. . .. . . ... ... . .. .. . . . .. . .. .. . . . .. .. . ... ... .. . . . . .
kepingimmediati        s.peri.midormed             . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
multisemicemmmnd,           .~tmrof mvalxwiceautirity                       .vern.sval farces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                        1060
Naval Supply Systi=&mmti.                 titieatiautiOtity            Of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   1009




                                                                                                                                                                                181
                                                                                                         INDEX




             Nav.l F4Um                Engi~erinS               &mm,,d,               titiemndautirityd                           ... ... .... .... .... ... ... .... .. ... ... ... ... .. .
             Olmervamx Ofmternaurmal!aw                                .... ... .... ... ... .. .. .... .... .... ... .. . .... .. . . . ....                                                                            .
             relatimwctlsgship                . ... ... .... .... ... .... .... ... .... ..... ... .... .... ... .... .... .. .... . . . . .. .... .. ... ..
             rew=b*~f.r                  keep, ngimmdbtiauprt.r                                              .
                                                                                                 mfcmmed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
             Stc.ffaf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
             Iaskf.-.       detailof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
             readm-.        .. ... .. ... .. .. . ... .... .... ... .... ... .... ..... ... .... ... .... .... .... ... ... .... .. .. . . ... ... .
             r~mbtity              .,tdautbonty                  .... .... ... .... ... ... ..... .... ... .... ... ... .... .... ... ... ... . ... ... .. ... ..
             stit~.~~tmtionp+,u~=-bltid                                                          by . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
             msff.autbrmtyand msponmb!lmy                                  ... .. .... .... ... ..... .... ... ..... .. .... .... ... .... ... ...
    C.mmmnders         and COmumndcIrs in Chief. rsdmi.ialrnli.n and dkipline, e.eparafa and defached command
                                      maffbMcde.5                    .
                                                            tlOre. . . . . . . . .             . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,,, .
                                      e.taffernbrxked                  . .... ... .... ... .... ..... ... .... .... ... .... .... ... .... ... ... .. ... ... ... ... .
                                      .IaEurmssignc                    dloadminimre.tivrtam              ua.snd                . .... ... .... .... .... ... ... ... ... .. .. .... .. .. .
             ammunaq           a=umpuonofmrnmmnd                                 ... .... ... .... .... .... .... .... ... .... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... . . . . .. ..
             Stclff. orgarllmlm” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                .                     .
             titles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
             ti]d.dbtiampmdu~~mblAdby                                                                .. ...... ... .... .... ... .... .... ... ... .... ... .. ... ... ... ... ..
    Commwtingge_ti.                    dtiS~tiand                    .... ... .... ... ... .... ..... ... .... .... .... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... .. .... ... .. .
    Co-*goffimr,abad.ting*ip                                             . ... .... .... ... ... ..... .... .... ... .... .... .... ... ... ... ... ... .. .... .. ... .                                                   0852
             dsenccindimlarf.r                    .... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... .... .... .... .... ... .... .... .... ... ... .. ... .. .... ... .. ..                                                             127?.
             a~nwnht         beemmy                 ... .... .... ... ... .... ... .... ..... ... ..... ... .... ... .... .... ... ... ... .. ... .... .. ... .                                                            0851
             e-float . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   0874
             aimmftcarriermamd tinderadetailuf                                  . ... .... ... .... ..... ... .... .... ... .... .... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... ... .                                                 1056
                        mLtu=pmctty,                   .&-or                deatiof            ... ... .... .... .... ... ... .... . .. ... ... .... .. .. ... .                                                     1079.1080
             heri.         Nau.ml~C                      .        ... ... ... .... .... ... .... .... .... .... ... .... .... ... .... .. .... .. ... ... ... ... ..                                                       0816
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1112




I




I




    182
                                                                                               INDEX



                                                                                                                                                                                                     0854        ‘
                                                                                                                                                                                                     0880
                                                                                                                                                                                                     0871
                                                                                                                                                                                                     1083
                                                                                                                                                                                                     0870
                                                                                                                                                                                                     0871
                                                                                                                                                                                                     0856
                                                                                                                                                                                                     0856
                                                                                                                                                                                                     0820
                                                                                                                                                                                                     0817
                                                                                                                                                                                                     0907
                                                                                                                                                                                                     0806
                                                                                                                                                                                                     0s18




                                                                                                                                                                                                          0849
      ship, demil.f     ... ... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... .... .... .... ... ... .... ..... ... ... ..... ... .. ... ...... ..                                                               1056.1056
               drydock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   0872
               exchflge .fvtiim witi OKt=m.foti.r                                  nations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              1244
      sti~~rpacta.,t,w,demilof                    .. .. . .. . .. .. . . .. .. .. .. . .. ... .. . .. . .. ... . .. . . .. . .. .. .. . .. . .. .. . . .... .... . . . . .                                1059
      Suulsofbuam       . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .   0855
      eubnw.rin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         1056.10.56
               incnp.tity, aimerue.r death f . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                           1079.1080
      mki.g pnsse& onofenemy &ip, ai-Kimik60n                                                  orotier pmWtiy OrqtipmenL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                 0830
      ~yr:mO*      *c6em:fi!           weUamOf.~,cem                   ademlmti                 perums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              .   1131
      titntm~a.d     d-unnof~wnnel                            . .... .... ... .... ..... .... .. .... ..... .. .... ..... ... ... .. ... ....... .. ...                                                  0821
      Iumutharized pemns.nbomd                        . ... .... ... . . .... .... ..... ... ... ..... .... .. .... ...... .. .. .. ...... ..... .. .                                                    0840
      umc.ndtiwqwrmtic.na              j
                              fmari uana.                      nmmlb.nddmgs                           . ... .. .... ...... ... .. ...... .... . ... ... ....... ... . .                                  0S24
      while at naval baeemr,aval~ti~n                                       . . . . ... ..... ... ... ..... .... ... .... .... ... .. .. ....... .... .. .                                                1028
      w.rk. faciliti~, suppli~ f.arahere.u.uea                            . .... ... .... ..... ... ... .... ..... .. .... ..... ... . ... ....... .... . ..                                             0835
Commentimr    ordysktih.tinor                         mdi. news . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               1121
Commerce. -nior.fimr         p_ntr~ptible                        (.rpmmti.n                  .. ...... ... ... ..... ... ... ... ..... ... .. .. ..... ...... .. ..                                      0920
Commemial-rg.       cmmd=lamtion                        . .... ... ... .... .. ... ..... .... .. ..... ... .... ... ..... ... .. .. ...... ..... .. ..                                                   0860
      Cmfi.pmlectio”af          .. ... ... ... ... ... . . . . ... ..... ... ..... ... .. ..... .... ... ..... .... .. .. .. ....... .... .. .                                                           0920




                                                                                                                                                                                                      163
                                                                                                      INDEX




    Coti.tid.        de~odtor          .. .. ...... ... .... ... .... ... ... ...... ... .... ... .... ... .... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ..                                1101
    Cc.urts and board% precedencem                   . ... .. . . ... ... .. ..... .. .. . . .... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... .. .... .. ... ... ...                                   1006
    CdCbdvdmk,r~ptitifiLy{e,                                                                                                                                                          0872

I   Crew. qw~manentirinS
                        shipmair
              sepamw-cifmm
                                       orleavin~p*
                                            craft
                                                                 . .... ... .. .. ...... .... . . ... .. . . . . . .. .... . . . . ... . . . . .. ..
                                                                                                                                                  .. .. ... . . ..
                                                                                                                                                                                      1233
                                                                                                                                                                                0852,0853
    Cusl.ody, nfkeys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0849
    Cusmmsin5pecti0n.       sKt~atiaih                        . . .. . .... .. ... ... .. .... . .. . . . . . . .... ... . . . . ... ... ... . . .. .. ..                            0860

    ;=g=mu,              wetiwnp=~,onpmh,b,wd                                .,,,,,,,,,,.,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

                         .“”                                                                                                                                                                                1159
            materte.k.. =urity     of,.....,    . .. ... .. . . .. ... .. .. ...                                      .. .. .. ... .. .. . .                                                                0849
    Dr,mlo@ng      equipment, auI.c,mamd                                                                                                                                                                    0845
    Desks.@adesmenandagenLs                                                                                                   ... . . .                                                                     0811
    Detimgs   withmemhrsofcong~s                   ... ... ... ... . .... . .. ... . . ... ... . . ... ... ... .. .. .. ... . . .. ..                                                                       1155
    Death. mwof       ..... .. ... .. .. ...... ... .... .... ... ... ... ..... .... .... .... .... ... .... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... .                                                          0815
            dipl.maticmmdnr          or forei~oficia]      ... . ... .... .... ... ... ... .... ... . . . . ... ... . . ... . . . .                                                                         1293
            F~nln~=m!lt~T              .e=+=ceremo.ie.        ob=m&        ... .... ... .... . . ...        . . .. .. . . . . . .. ... .. ... .                                                             12ss
            report..    ..... .. .. .. ..... .. . .. . . . . . . . .... ... . ... .... . . . . ... ... . . ... ... .. . . ... . ... ..                                                                      0815
              reSpOnd!ifiLy    ofaMmnandkg         o~tcer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                                                               0815
              Utiti     Sm-civiIOficial     mremonim OhSwd                              . .. .. ... .. . .. . . . ... ... . . . . .. .. .. ... ... ... . ..                                                 1287
    Deceh.         nag Or WOnant Of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   1291
              official, unnsportin~bcdy.f         ... ... ... ... .. .. .. .. ..... . . . . . . . . .. . . ... .. .. . .. . . ... .. .. ..                                                                  1294
    De fecm. newly~mmtio"&              ship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                          0882
    Deference      10 foreign customs and ceremonies                                        .. ..... ... .... ... . . .... . . ... ... ... . ... . . .. . . ..                                             0917
    De ficikofp.bli.      m.my. re~rL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                 1114
              ~rexcess ofpublic money mproperty                                                                                                                                                       0814.1114
    Delegauon,       adtitismative    duti~by~ni.r.ficer                    preWnL                                                                                                                         0927
                 mnhoriLy           .. .   . . . . .     . .... .. .   . .   .   .   . ..   .   . .   .   .. ... .. .   .   .                                                                           1022
                              camnmndiri               gcdf’’cer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             . ... ... ... . . .           0802




    184
                                                                        INDEX




                                                                                                                                                   0106
                                                                                                                                                    1009
                                                                                                                                                   0210
                                                                                                                                                   0236
                                                                                                                                                    1163
    Disciplinary     actiOn, paW.ger    ... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... .... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... .. ... .... .. .. ...... ... ..     0842
    Otscipline,.tnff    pcrsormel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0720.0721, 07!22. 0723
                                                                                                                                                    1121
                                                                                                                                                   0907




                                                                                                                                                 1051
                                                                                                                                                 1134
                                                                                                                                                 1102
                                                                                                                                                 1107
                                                                                                                                                 0922



I                                                                                                                                                 185

I
                                                                                                          INDEX



               l.empow             rcslarmtio” lo....,.                     . . . ... ... .. ... ...... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. . ... ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. ..




~conomy .“”     wl~mand,com~oding.                                    ficerar~ptibtllly                      for          ... .... ... .. ... .... .. ... .. ... . . ... ... .. ... .                                     Onoz
Education, m~ngoKL~r.s                                rmpmibility                      . . .. . .. . . ..                                          .                   . .               .                     .          0821
ENwtivewgti                    foreetiwayspmwnt                               . .... .... .. .... .... ... ... . . ... .. ... ... ... . . .. . . .. ... ... ... .. ..                                                     0805
Electiveness         of-mand.                 repawhenl_.d                                      ..                    . .                       .               .                                                         0827
Elitib,lity.     r.r cnmmmndatsm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                                    0902
Eme~en.y,          _v.lwm~~wim                                [.rtie U.S. dwing . . . .                                                                         .       .       . ... .. .. . . .                 .       1116
           -.hmishingfecil           ities             mstarti. gworkin                         ..            .                 .         .                           . ... ... .. ... . .. .. ... .. .                   0835
Endomemenkdmmemial                             pduetorp--                           .. ... ... .... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... .... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ..                                                 1113
Enemy .raptureby             ... .. . . .. . .. .. . . . .... . . .... .. ... ..... ... .. ... .... .. .. .... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... . . ... ..                                                                      1140
           ma~rid.mfl,w.d,                Pr-?vatiO”ld                    .... .... ... .. ....                     .                        .                                                        . ..                0830
EIIza.getimenmny               .. .. .. .. .... ... ... .... ... .... ... ... .... .... ... ... .... ... ... .... ... ... .. .. ... .. ... .. ... ...                                                                     0851
En fin-r.s       hllhk.          maintinmnce.[                   ... .... ... .... .. ... .... ... ... .... ... .. ... .... ... ... ... . . .. . . .. ... .. ...                                                          0845
Emgimeering duty of          ficers.s uccessionlommmrmd                                     . ... ... ..... ... ... ... .. . ...                                                                  .                       1083
Entisd         Wrm-.       &milmce-ind.ties                                                                                                           .                                               . .           ..    1064
           pu~ti.~lingswtth                          . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        1111
           =m,.g-ti          -f        fashore .admt”=tiuo.                         dd-lplm=.c                            . .                                       .                                                 .   0721
                      mn!mrkcds,mf      f,e,dmiristmtin                          r.ndd-ipline                 .... ... ... . . .. . ... ... ... ... . . ... ... .. . . ... ..                                         .   0720
Entiringfomip            p~prior"otie.rnrtival                               @ventidipl.matic                       repr-nmtive                         .                                                         .       1242
Erwimmmenidpdlu        iion                .. ... ... . .. .... .... ... .... .. ..... .... .. ... .. . .... .. .... ... ... ... ... . ... .... .. ... .. .                                                               0s32
EqudoppormniVan             dtreatment                       .. ... .... .... ... .. .... ..... ... ... . .. ... ... ... .... .. .. . . .. ... ... . . ... .. ..                                                          1164
EquipmenLmmd                 .. ... .. .. .... .... ... .... ... .... ... ... .... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... ...                                                                   0834
E~e.U.        fueml     .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    I 2s0
Establishraem.a mboriLy. ver                       ..... ... . . .... .... ... .. .... .. .. ... ... . . .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... .                                                            0312
Ever.ingcolcu-s            .. .                                                . . . ... .. ... .                   . .                . .                     .                                 .                        1206
Ex_ination.          by&ignc~wmoficisb                                  . .... .... ... ... .... ... . ... .... ... ... .... . . .. .... . . .. ... ... ... .. .. .                                                       0860
           service, msxicai.ns i.hrmdli”g                                                  . .                          ... .... ... ... .. .... .. ..                                                                    1145
Exc~s. public .y.                rewfi         .. ..... ... ... .... .... ... .. ..... .... .. .... .... ... ... ... .... .. ... .... .. .. .... ... .. .. .                                                              1114
           pubtitp~y,               rein         ..... ... ..                                      .                                               .       .                                           .                  1114
Excessive       inwdndbonors                               .. ... .... .... ... .. ... .. .. ... ... ... .... ... ... .... . . ... ... ... .. . . ... ... .. ...                                                          1203
ExehaoEe, nfduty                                                   .                                       .                               . .                                                                     .      1134
            nfbanddutes              . .. .. ... .. . .... ... .... .... .. ... .... ... ... ... .... ... .. ... ... . . ... . . .. .. . . ... ... .. ..                                                                  1209
Execution c.lorduY               ... .. .. . .. .... ... .... .... ... ... ... .... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... .... .. .... .. ... ... ... ... ... ..                                                                  1132
Executive offncer. c.bsencerJ                      ..... . . ... ... .... .... .. .... .... ... ... .... .... .. .... ... ... ... .... .. .. .... .. ... .. ..                                                            0803
           detaild      .. .. .. . . . . . . .. ... .. .. . .. . .. . .. .. . .. . . .. . .... .. . . . .. . .. .. .. . .. . .. . . .. . .. .. . . . . .. . . .. .. . . . .. . .                                          1061
           keptitiaby                 de~rwcntheads                                         ...                 . .                                .          . .                                   .             ..      1151
           .fficcm -wdirect                      cnmmunicatim witbcumme.ndi”g deicer...                                               ... ... ... .... ... ... ... .. ... .. .. ..                                  ..    1151
           orders-through                        .. .... ... ... .... .... ... .. .....                               . .                    . .                          .                .. .                  .        0806
           preccdec$c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             1005
           relmtinrdipm.ith cnmmnding officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                     0S06
           wberestmainne dduringacticmwilhtheen.my                                            .. . .              .             ... ... .... .. .... ... .. ... . . .. .. .. . . .                                        0851
Exemp~cod=L                     reqtirementor                                    . .               .         . . .                          .. .           . ..                              ..        . .           .    1131
Exercise. oc..tbwity               .. . ... ... .... ... . . .... .... ... .. ... ..... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... ... ... .. ... .                                                                  1020
           .fpowerc.rcolmlf                                                          .           .                                                .. .... ... ... ... ... .. ... ....                                     0934
Explesivewticle           recompound.                  -unprotititi                                 ... .... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. .. ... .... ... .. ..                                           1159
Ex&-a&Ity. tmSwdz.y                    ..              .                                     ..                                                    .               .                   .                 .                1102

~

Kle..f.dem  tibywnioroficer            pc~nLtiL            . .      . .     .                .                           .            .                                                                                   0935
Fmdmgs, ~wtandlineord.ty                  ... . . ... .... .. ... ..... . . ... ... ... ... ... .... ... .. . . ... .. ... ... .. ... ..                                                                                  1124
Rm~udty.     remOf     . .. .. .... .... ... .... ... .... ... ... .... .... ... ... .... ... .. .... ... ... ... ... ... .. .... ... .. ...                                                                              0631
nmess. rw&d      .... .. .. ... ..... ... ... .... .... ... ... .... .... ... ... .... .... .. ... .... ... .. .... .. ... ... ... ... .. ..                                                                              1129
mag. autioriddi+yor                       .                                                           .                                                      .                            .          .                    1258
       civil oEicids. in boaLs,a.tarrmbi l”.  ndaircmfl    .... .... .... ... ....                                           .                                                                                            1274
                    Nm~..hipd&playing    pemmlflag    ... ... .... ... ... . .. ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... ... .. .                                                                                  12s5
               wmmmwdti,    dominion, mdaw,   eti. dkphy of           ... ... ... ... ..          .. .. ... ... .. ... ... ... . . .. .                                                                                   1278
               ~mti.            *hyor               .. .... .... ... ... ... .... ... .. .. . .. . .... ... .... .. ... . . ... ... .... .. ... ... ... .. .. .. .                                                        1274
               defenseoi%cials                . .. .. . .. . . ... .... .... ... ... ... .... .... ... ... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... .. ... .... .. .. ..                                                         1214
               w=l    .   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       1214
               hU-~de~tiufd&g~b~                                 Umti Sm=6wiltimiai                                  . ... .. . ... .. ... . . . ... ... ... .. ... ... . .. ..                                           1267
               o=-r.  abce,      in-pacityordeetiof                                         .         .                                                                              .                 .                  1072
                                hbpasse”ger
                        muimwityw                                   in6hip0re.ircmft.                    ... .... ... . . . . . .... ... ... ... .... .. ... ... ... ... .. ..                                            1031
                        dqhyofbgor               pe"m"ttiore                     .... ... ... .... .... .. .... .... .. . . .... ... . . ... ... .. ... .... .. .. ...                                                    I no
                        bmcms.officialirispcctic.o                                                .                                        .                                      ..                                      1254
                                 onas.mpuo.                  occellef.fmmmand                                              .                                                                                              1253
                        bmmmnod, exchange oro~tcid vtiLwiti                                        uK1-mo[otitrmtim                                . .... ... ... . . .. ... ... ... .. .. ...                            1244
                        05cialvisi!s      mbemturmd                      .... .... ... ... . .. .. . . . . .. ... ... . . .... ... ... ... ... .. ... . . ... .. ...                                                      1248
                        sucessi. ”arinhaule                                                         .. . . .. ... . . ... .... ... ... .. ... .. .. .. .... .. .. .. .                                                    1081
                                                                                                  INDEX



                                                                                                                                                                                                                1278    “
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1268
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1213
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1278
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1213
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1275
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1266
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1264
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1259
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1289
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1291
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1273
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1258
                                                                                                                                                                                                                127 I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1266
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1289
                       ..-
                    wmhnauomdenstun                   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           1266.1269
Fl~stip,     mhtio”.fmmm.deru                       .. .... ... ... ..... ... ..... .... .. .... ... .... .... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... ... ... ..                                                       0702
Flammable material. securityof                 ... ... .... ... .... .... .... ..... ... ... ... .. ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... ..                                                         0849
Fl~&sutiiv%t.nolsu~sion                   ti~mmandof                    . .. .. . . ... . ... .. .. . .. .. . .. .. .. . . .. .. .. .. . . .. . .. . .. . . .. . . . ... . .. . . . .                           1074
          mmcessi..memn memdof                 .. . .. .. ... . .. .... ... ..... ... .... .. .... . . ..... .. .... .. ... ... .. ... ... .... .. ..                                                           1074
Fleet Mmrine Forces            .. .... .. .. .... .... .... ... .... ... .... .... .... ... ..... .. ... .... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... ... ... .. .                                                          0204
         stiivtio.        sumwio.       mmmmad.f                      ... .... ... ..... ... .... ... .... ... .... ... ... ... .. .... .. ... ... ... ... .. .                                                 1074
         mucessi.ntacmn nw.”dof                ... ..... ... ... .... ... .... .... .... .. .... ... ... .. ... ... .... .. ... .. ... ... .... .. .                                                            1074
Fl~t Mtine        Corps Resewe, s.~ectmmval.                            utirity             .. .... ... ... .... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... .... .. ..                                         1020
Fleet Reseme, subject wnavala.tirity                            .. .... .... ... ..... .... ... ... ... .... .... .... .. .. .... ... .. ... ... .. .... .. .                                                   1020
Fl~inga”dsPrinkli”g              sysmm. di_of                         ... .... ... .... .... ... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... .. .... .. .. .... .... .. .                                                0649
         ofdrydock         ... ... ... ... .... . . .... ... ... .... .... ..... .... ... .. .... ... .... ... ..... .. .. ... ... ... .. .... .. ..                                                           0872
Fome,w.fmr~tnt.mzamti~mn                                          ... .... .... ... ..... .... ... .... .. ... .. .... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... .... ... . .                                                  llCM
         useofagamstm wth.srsf. ute                 .... ... ..... ... ... ..... .... ... .... .. .... .... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... ... .. ..                                                       0915
Fomes, readin~ati             mfety~ni.ro=~r                  p_nt~~tible(or                                . ... ... ... .... ... .... ... ... .. ... ... .. .... ... .. .. .                                 0918
Fomi~.      agenug..eml          vki&gmm-ds                             .. .... ... ..... ... .... ... ... .... ... ... .... ... ... .. ... ... ... .... .. .. .                                               0810
         an”ive-riesmd             mlem”itim okma-of                             follow ex-pleof                   f.mig”autirity                      .. ... .. . . .              . .. .... .. .. .           12S6
         amdfO-mnmn                  of*cu.On witi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               0910
         m“thorn.ws.se.   mchby         .. .. .... .... ... .... .... .. ..... .... ... ... .... .. .... .... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... .. .                                                          0628
         cnunw, de ferencetoctimms.                   local lmwsmdceremcuues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                 0217
                   ~unsnluti .narrivalin                    .... ... .... .... .. .... .... ... ... ... .... .... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... ... ... ... . .                                                   1215
                    puhucnlco”uuvmsies                  .. ... .... .... ... .... ..... ... ... ... ... .... ... .... ... .. ... ... ... .. ... .... .. ..                                                     0912
                    err%mrtal t.wgntytibere~wd                                  ... ... .... ..... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... .. .... ... . ..                                            0916
         dignil.aries. pt.~inghmmrsw                    ... ... ... .... .... ... ..... ... .... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... ... .                                                      1230
         enuuas, commurucatio” .rde.lingwiab                              ... ... ..... ... .... .... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... .. .... .. ... .... .. ..                                                1121
         q nsign. dispinyof.stmre            . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,.            1270
                               dressing mfull dressing ship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                           1279
                               duri”ggunsalute                  . .... ..... .. ..... ... .... ... ... .... ... .... .. .. .... .. ... ... .. ... ... ... ...                                                  1276
                   .i%wo.r momnauom. manner ofduphy                                         ... ..... ... ... ... ... .... ... .... .. ... ... ... ... .. .... ... .. .                                         1277
         fl.goficer.g unsulutiw              ... .... ... ... .... .... ... ..... ... .... .. .... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... ... ..                                                          1221
         @~emmenL~nOmrc~~mra~i=d                                                  ... ... .... .... ... ... .... .... ... ... ... ... ... .. .... .. ... .... .. ..                                            1202
         headofstati. gvnsaluteto                .. .... ... ... ..... ... .... .... ... .... .. .... .... .... .. ... ... ... ... ... ... .. .... .. .                                                        1217
         Iu.tici”, gu”sal”testn         ... .... ... .... ... ... .... .... ..... ... .. ... .... .... ... ... ..                                              ... . ..                . . ... ... ..          121s
                   r.zlriumis with . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         1135
         natimtal aathem. playinsnf                ... ... ... .... .... ... .... .... ... ... .... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... .... .. ..                                                         1204
                   pmcedurcs during . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                1205
         n.ummlem    slg”sdutcsul              ... .... .... ... .... ... ..... .... ... .. ... .... ... .... .... .. ... ... ... .. ... ... ... .. .                                                          1207
         oficials. mmmu”imtion witiw”ioro~cer                                 prcse”t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            0912
                   der.tic.f . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1293
                   ho.orsco, restriction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               1202
                   oilicml .mts. return by... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                        1248
         wrticiWtiO.        i" U.iti%ws              mti.mlannivewri~                             ormlcmnititi                  .. ... ... .... ... .. ... ... .. ... ... .... .. ..                           1285
         phceab~waw              of Unid%&m”ni.emri~                                      .... ..... .... .. ... ... .... ... ... .. ... .. ... ... ... .. .... .. .. .                                        1285
         pm.rmm~asbre.b.re~m!i.                                      . .... .. .... ... ..... ... ... ... ... .... .... ... .. ... ... ... .. ... ... ... .. ..                                                0922
         pOrtwithaut UnOti SU@scansul                          . ... ... ..... ... .... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... .... ..                                                   0934
             .,.
         rel,~musmsmuu.ns               .. .... ... .... .. .. .... .... . . ..... ... ... ... .... .... ... ... ... ... .. .... ... . .... ... .. ..                                                          1136
         shipsa.dmmrafli.distress                    .... ... ... .. . .... .... .... .... ... .. .... . . .... ... ... .. .... .. ... ... ... ... .. ..                                                       092S
         -tion,    odem@active           wwtmby~nior                      .Rwerp_nLo”                         . ... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... .. .. ... .. ... ... ... ... .                                1052
         tirrim~,~i>umld,~hncei”                             .... ... .... ... ..... .... ... ... ... ... .... .... ... .. ... ... ... .. ... ... ... ... .                                                    0914
         warsbip, arri.a[ef calis upc.noff,cial incmmmand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                    1244
                   w“ng~w=w                    .. ... .... .... ... . ..... .. ...... ... ... ... ... .... .... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... ... .. .                                                        1230
                   d.tiby,         return .f . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         1216
Foreigner. gdtill.          cdtivmtio..f         . .... .... ... .... ... .... ..... ... ... ... .... ... ... .... ... .. ... .. .. ... ... ... ... .. .                                                       0217
Far-tins.prm&enm.fofft~min                             . .... ... .... ... .... .... ... .... .. .... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... .... ... . .                                                     1007
                     . .
Forwhingind,.sdual               requesti       .. .... .... ... ..... .. ... ..... .... ... .. .... .... .... ... ... .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                                                          1156
Fratemimtio”.        prohibited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..l . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        1165




                                                                                                                                                                                                            1s7
                                                                                                  INDEX



                                                                                                                                                                                                       1115
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1120
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1279
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1279
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1284
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1269
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1116
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1291
                                                                                                                                                                                                       129?
                                                                                                                                                                                                       12s8
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1288
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1287
                                                                                                                                                                                                       129o
                                                                                                                                                                                                       0916




                               Pasmsimthenmvalservice                          . . ... . . . . .. .              . . . .                                                                               12s8




    ~eneACo.nselo[the           Deparme.tofthc               Navy          . ... ..... ... ... .... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                                           0310
            authority mdrcspodbility           ... ... ..... .... ... ... ..... ... .... ... ... ... .. . . ... ... .                                                                                  0327
    GeneAOfficer.      d~lay.fnag&re              . .... .... .... ... ... .... .... .... .. ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... . . ... ... . .                                                        1270
            ho.omfi&l        im~tio    . ..... ... ... ..... ... ... .... .... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... . . ... ... . . ... .. . . .                                                               1254
                      on —pti..      orrelterofwmmand                            . .                 .                 .                                                               .. .. .         1253
            .Rkialvisi%rmurnof                                                           .                                                 ... ... ... .. .. ... ... .. .                              1248
    Geneva ConvenUamof          Aug”s11%1949             .... .... ... ... .. .. ... . . . .. ... . . ... . ... ... .. .. .... .. ... . . .                                                            1063
    Geneva Conve.u-s         A=etiora6..       oflbe Conditions efWo.ndA,                                    S#ckmd Stipwreckti                            Members n19a                                0406
    Goldwa=r-Nicbols       Dep-entof           De f=nse Reorg=i=tion                            Acto119=                  . . . ... ... ... . . . . ... .. ... ... .. .. .                             0201
    Govemmenlownd          smmsandc=go               . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. Z. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   0860
    Government      properly. l====      . ..f . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                                         1160
    Governors.    or Uniwd Sk+- wmitnries. mmmonwc.lti                             a.d ~ons.ffl.ial                             visils m....                                                           1242




I           res~otibilits lorr~arch     mddevelmmenL     . .. ..... .                                                                                                                                  0311
I           smlum~aubori:y       =dr-pmibility     .. . ... . . .... .... .... ... .                                                                                            . ..      .. ..        0504
    Health care, respunsibilityo fChiefof N.v.10pemtions                                                                                                                                               0405
                                                                                                 INDEX



             condtuom orm.,                mryregdauum                ofwruorereas                .... .... ... .... ... .... .... .... .... ... ... .. ..... ....                            0859.0923           ‘




       side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      __
        unitconmmnder mssutmng .rrelievingmmmand                                       .... .... . .. ... ... . .. ..... .. ... .... ... ... ... ..... ...                                                 1253
Hospiml &rp, n.nmmbntint s~cu.fmembemof                                      ... ... ..... ... .... .... ... ..... ... .. .... .... .. ... .... .... .                                             0S54.   1063
Hospimlship. mm-ndi.go~mr,s                   r~pmibilities                  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .    0@54
                                                                                                                                                                                                           1029
                                                                                                                                                                                                           0406




                                                                                                                                                                                                           0834
                                                                                                                                                                                                           0311
                                                                                                                                                                                                           083?




                                                                                                                                                                                                           189
                                                                                                 INDEX



bsd...        ~tiorudu,~                 cOda0rr4iiimr~ Justice                                                                                                                                        0818
       junior oliimr. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                                                                                  0821
        sz.fmtyprefamims. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                                                                                        0825
h~tion~.ahha~.c=or                            . ... ... .... ... . ..                                                                                                                                  1130
             tsmdby-   adders.         ... .. . . . ... . ... . ... ..... ..... .... .... ... .. . . .. .. . . ..                                                    . ... ...
                     r~~bl=mrlcersandofl]ctab                     . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                  .
hslnlnle”w        or —       “kmtmbe         appltdmpm,&menL                          .... .. . .... ... ... ... ... .                                                                   .
          mb. u5cdfWsllre cuslcdy only                ... .... .. . ... ... ...... .... ..                                                            . . ...              . . ... ... .. ..
lnti~ty,tirrimtio         iromignmtiomr~~ti                           ... ... ... ..... ... ..... . . ... .... .... ... ... .. ... .
Intc-liona         lhcumrs.excessive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
tnmhO"d            la=. hW.nc=Or           .... .... ... ..... .... .. .... ...... .... .... .... ... .... ... ... .... ... .. ... ... .. .. ... .
          viobtiOm _iOr.Ktmrpr-nl                    ... .. .. .. . ... ... ..... .. . ... ... ... ... ..... ... ..                                                      .                     ..
Inmu_M,          Worbysho,epntil            . .... ... ... ..... .... .. ...... .... .... .... .... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ..
lnloxiat.edp emon.. nti,”ementof                .... ... .... ..... ... .. ...... .... ..... ... ... .... .... ... ... ... ... .. .. ... ... ... ..
          u-ec.unenl ofwhtlepriscmer          .. . .. . . . . ... ... ...... .... ... . . .... ... . . .. .... . . ... ... . ... ... ... .                                                              1104
fn.estigimicm.      _        not i. the armed r.-            dthe UniI.ed States round in irregulm circumsumces                                                         . . .                 ...
fss”-,        rmtua acdfict wish. biter m amend any provision or
          NaV&+UOm               .. .. .... .... ... .... ..... ... ... .... ..... .... .... ... .... .... ... ... ... .... ... .. ... ... ... ..                                                      0103
Issue, ofpmmnal —              ries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    0s33

&

Joinl Ctiersof     Sti.  Chairman, prm4ence                    . ..... .... .. ..... .... .... ..... ... ... .... ... ... .... ... .. .. ... ...                                                    0401,0501
        Vice Chminnan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      0201
                   p&ence      .. ... ..... ... .... .... .... ... ... ...... .... .... .... ... .... ... ... .... ... .. ... .... ..                                                               0401,0501
Judge Advocate       General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  0310
        autborily mdrespnsibitity              ... . . ... .... ... . . .... .... .... .... ... ... ... .... . . ... .. . . ... ... .                                                               0331,1009
        mmlmle’nce.rN.v yse~ur P.uc.n5                    .. .... .... ... . . .... . ... ..... .... ... . . ... .. .. . .                                                                                0101
Judge AdvWa*Gneds               Corps, oRce~, pr~&enmor                                   .... .... .... .... ... .. . .. . . ... ... ... ... .. ... .. .. . . .                                          1002
J.niom.   auti.,itym     &ue.rdemw-ni.m                      .. . ... .. .. . .. . . ..... .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. . ... .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . . .. . .. . .. . . .
                                                                                      .                                                                                                                   1039
        W~~*.n~p*rmm                       =mOrfi,=rpr=nt~OaL                                     ... ... ..... ... .... ... .... ... ... .... .. ... ... ... ... .. .                                    0932
        m~~ng~=mor.ficer                pr==. t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                              .                       ... ... .. .... ... ... . ... ... . ... .                          0906




~ey~.iati*itinulear                        w~p.s                   .... ... ..... ... ... ..... ..... ... ..... .. .... .... ... .... ... ... ... .. ... ... .. ...                                    0s49
          aurmmnding.affkrtideliverto                               relie f . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   . . .                 . ... .. ... ... ... .. ... .                              0801
          !ma~r.zi”e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                      .                              .. ..... .... .... ... ... .... .. .  . .    . .                                                0s49

~

hbgbrorei~                 mrrimry, armdf.rce                   . . .. .... ... . .. ..... .... .... ... .. ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                                                      0914,0916
          Shore lmucd          . .. .. . ... .. .. . . ... .... .... .. ..... .. .. ... ..... ... ... .... ... ... .... ... ... . . ... ... .. ...                                                          0922
~u=ee..,fl~                  onaswe.i.r         . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   1133
bw. bwmatiOti&wance                       brbnreiauOmwiti                  r.reiDmuOm                      .. .... .... ... ... .... . . ... .... .                             0705,0920,1125.1136
          obe&e.ce r.ndenfurcwne”tot                      .                   .               .         . .... .... .... ... ... ... ..                                                           .       .
Law fulotier,..tafimceta                ... ... ... ... ... ..... ... ... ...... .... ... .... .... ... .... ... .. ... .... .. . ... ... .. ...
ktiemtip,mmtier+                    sresptibihtyf.r               ... ..... ... ... ..... .... ..... ... ... .... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
          mmmand~offi~r,sr~ptibifi~                           for                     .                                   . ... ... .... . . ... .... ... . .
          rupmbifity         urChief or Naval Opera tions. . . . .                              .                                                 . ... ... ... . ... . . ... .
f-eavec,udlibet-iy         . ... .. .. .. .... ... ... ..... .... .... .. .... ..... .... .... .... ... ... .... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... .. ...
          regulated byseni.wcdfker press. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
b=veofabsen.e..            rdemm.ctive~mice                 dwing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
~~s~fivemfim.              resmm]bll!tyfor          . ... . . .. .. .... .. .... ..... .... .... . . ... .... .... .. .... ... .. . . ... ... ... ..
fRr.dmgnm”ey            . .... .. .. .     .. .... ... ... .... .... ... . . ...... . .. . .. . . .... ... .... ... .... ... ... . . ... ... .. ...
Libertg, aulh.ritytn regulace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
          policy     ..... .. .. .. .. . . . . .. . . .... .. ... ...... .... ... .. . .... ... .. . ... .. . . . . ... . . ... .. ... .
tighuorothe          rsde~wds.mdf!                   dworbyshiporai~                                   ... ... .... .. ... . .. ... ... .. . . . ... .. .. ... ... ..
LimimLions. punishmenia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
tineofduty.      fir,dw        . . . .. . . . .. . .. . .. .. .. . . .. . .. . .. .. .. .. .. . ... . . .. .. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. .. . . .. . . .. . .
tineofftcer.     atitirity     andr~~titility              inbmu              ... ... . .. .... .... .... . . .... ... ... ... . . .. ... . . .... .. ... ..
          defied     ..... ... .. .. .. . . ... .... ... .... ... .. ...... .... ... .... ... ... . .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ...
         pr=+o~of         . .. .. .. ... . . ... ... . .. .. . ... .... ..... .. .. .. .... . . . .. ... ... .... ... . . .. ... .. ... ...
         ,Swtcti     mpttiormance orduty                                                    . .. . . ... ... . . .... ... . . .. ... . . ... ... ... .
hms.    bypewmh&enevel                ~mimti.tier        pe~wi”tiemval~wice                              .. ... .... .. . ... .. .... ... ... ... ... .. ... .
bgs. autimati&U          laggi”geqtipmeOL           . .... .... .... .. ....... ... .... .... .... ... .... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... .
         CKtertiXaval     O*ratiO~c~ptitiliLy               fOr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
         dukmd.ngineering             ... ..... ... .... ..... ... ... ..... ... ... ..... ... ... ..... ... ... .... ... .. ... .... .. ... .. .
         mainle”a-of         .. . . .... . . .. . ... .... .. .. ...... .. . .... . . ... ... .... . . ... .... ... ... .                                                         0S45
         tit~or     ..... ... .. .. ... .... ....                                                        ... ... .... .... .. ... ... . . .. ... ..                               0846
bssofsbipor       tirafLcomma.d            andsuti.riLyofo       ficemove,          crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                      0652.0853
                                                                                                  INDEX




                                                                                                                                                                                                             0204
          pafloftie    Depatientofthe             N.vy         .. ... ... .... .... ... .... .... ... .... .... .. ... ... .... ... .... .. .. .. ..                                                   0203.0204
         uniform, dress forrnembers of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Marines. Witi..       inmi=dde~chmenm                   ..sh.reo.              _i.m.fc.mmony                                . ..... .. ... .... ... ... .. ... ... .. ... ... ..
Marlcs LIfres~ct        . ... .. .. ... ... .... .. .... .... ... ... ..... ... .... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... ..... ... .. .. ... .. ... ... .
M-iage,      mremonyonb.ard            &ip.raimr&                  .. ... .... .... ... .... .... .... .. .... .... ... ... .... .... .. .. ... .. ... ... .
         on brd,     mmmanda.goK,cermt                    a perform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                            .. .              .. ..
                    when permiuad           . .... ... ... .... .. . .. .... ... .... .... .... .. .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ...
Mastir..fa.      in.~wiceship       .ftio Mili-v%alfi&mw4                                      .c~~tibility                   .. ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... .. .. .... ... .
Mm~r-al-~ms,         cutiy.fprtinem                  .. .... ... .... ... .... .... ... .... .... ... .... .. ... ... ... .. .... ... ... .. ... ... ..
Matirid     cUuday. m~rt.f            .. ... .... ... ... ... ..... .. ..... ... ..... .... ... .. .... ... ... .... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... ...
Ma*ridins~ctiOns,           cOmmsdin~.ficer,s                    . .... .. .... ..... ... ..... ... .. .... .... .. ... .... ... ... ... ... .. .. .... .. .
M4icd      Corp%oonmmbati.             tsUtiofmem&mor                            .. ..... .. .... ..... ... ... .... ... .. .... ... .... .. ... .. ... ... ... .
         .Ricerm, pr.ecede”ce of....          . .... ... .... ... ... .... .... ... ..... .... .. .... .... .. ... .... ... . . ... .. ... ... .. ..
Mdicdtimd<mmmadi~                        o~cer.s~~mibilitim                            ..... ... .... ... ... .... .... .. ... .... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... .. .
         d&~tionby          Chier.fNav.10perations                         .. .... .... ... .... ..... ... ... .... .. ... ... ..... .. ... .. ... .. .... .. .
Medical nnddentaI aid, by Ameri.a. National &d Cmsa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
         Wwmml          Lntiemval        -wtce, -nt.r OKt*rpr_nl                                  ... ..... .... .. ..... ... .. ... .... ... ... ... .. .. ... .... ..
Mdicdsernces,          demilorpemm              ~rf.rmimg              . ... .... .... ... ..... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... .. ... ... .. .
Mercb-tse_e”,            mm~tiingo~~r.s                    rektiomwiti                 ... ... .... ..... ... .. ..... .. ... .... ... .... .. ... .. .. ... ... ..
         w=wemmvd$hw                     ..: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Merchant           vessels,       replmbse”toroff                 icerpr-ot            .. ... .... .... ... ..... ... .... ... ... ... ... .... ... ... .. .. ... .... ..
Mess, ge”e:al, mmpli”g.fmeaki”          . ... ... .... ... ... ...... .. .... ..... ... ... .... .. .... ... .... ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .
        dut#~demil ofpttyoficem        and.unmmmi~i.nd                            .tE~mm               . ... ... ... .... .. .... ... ... .... ... .. .. ... ... ...
Mili@ry SeaIift Cc.rnmmnd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mi!i*y,   e~cie.cy andd&ipline    .fDew*enLoftie                           Naq           . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . .




Mua.wofpe,mmel                         . .... .. ... .... ... .... .... ... ... .... .... .... .... ... ... .... .... .. ... .... ... ... ... .. .. ... ... .                                           0808




Namotic   subsUnces. inti.cti...           ~a..                 a.dua[                . ... .... .... .... .. .... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... .. .. ... ... ..                                        1138,
                   e
        m+unsibiliti scancer.i”g          ... ... . . .. . ... .. ..... .... ... ..... ... ... . . .                                                              .                       ... ...       1138
        u.seand trtms~ru)uon of.          .. ... . . . . .. .... .... ... .... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... .. .... ... .. .. ... ... . . .                                                            02.24
Nmcatics, m~iju-na4druga.                -a”d           Ua~p~tio..f                         . ... ...... ... .. ..... .. ... ... .... .... ... .. .. .. .... ... .                                      0824
National .iolmtiens ofine.nmtiomal             Iaw.sndtremies                       ... ... .... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... .... ... ... .. ... ... .. ... .                                         0914
                                                         .,
Natimml Oceanic and Atmo.qpheric Admsntstitio”.                                  e.&ritymdmtiof~mm                                           i“                . .           ..                         1035
         oficcm. relau-vera”ko [.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                        1003
Nalio”alScurily      Actor lS47 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       0201
Nstic.nal r.nniversrmie$ and rude.  nnities.l-l.ilcd                  States. f.reiEnpsrticipatiLI”                           i“ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          1285
         f.reig.. obsec.ance of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   1286




                                                                                                                                                                                                         191
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    I
      INDEX




192
                                                                                                         INDEX




I




I




I




                                                                                                                                                                                                               1128




    I
                  suspen.uan or.srre.t.f  . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   1103
                  tmnpm’aryr estnrautmt iduty           ..... .... ... ..... .... .. ...... ... .. ... ..... ... ... .. ... ... ... .. .                                                        ..             1106
                  titi=and mnnerofaddr~ang                  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .   1010
                  Uniti Sm-navnlwwice,.              utiritywfiegum                       mlutim               .... .. .. .... .... ... ... ... .. ... ... .. .. ..... ... ...                                 1219
                  U.iled SLa@s. sideh...msm           .. ..... .... ... ..... ... ..... .... ... .. ... .... ... ... ... .. .... ... .. . .... .... ... .                                                      1249
        Offtciatfuads,m    fegmcding     .. .... ... ...... .. .... ..... ... .... ...... .. ... .... .... ... .. ... .. .... .. .. .. ...... .. ...                                                           0s13




                                                                                                                                                                                                               193

    I
                                                                                                      INDEX



    OficiAinrormation.        d&lmue.           p&limti.n.nd             =uityur                 . ..... .... .. .... .... .. .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .                                      1121
    Officitdinspecti.    n, bcmom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   1254
    Offtci*rec~s.       incivilmti             .. ... .... ... ... .... .... .... .... .... ... ... .... ... ... .... .. ... .... .. ... ... ... ... ...                                                      1128
              cnnlmlof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            1127
    0ficiAri3i%       -Ong OCtcemdbemval=mim                                .. ... ..... .... .... ... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... .. .... ... ... ...                                               1240
              betw~. oGcemoftie           ntival~mice          and.tiernm~mwi~                                   .... .. .... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... .. .... ... ... ..                                 1241




             sewyeinre.denng         . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
             tio61c8abad     oKL=memhnckti)nbMU                          ... .... .... .... .... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. .... ... ... .. .
     Pecun&W     detitngs, w,tienhstipemm                     ... .... .... .... ... .... .... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... .... ... .. ..
I                         . . .
     Pecuniary   res~ns,baltty.  ua.ti.ri~               abnwce, death cwrdiefo[a                            Pemc.ncbargcd with . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     Pennmknutiori4        d&play of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
             cmnnmnd. dl.at                                                   . .... .... . .. ... ... ... .... ... ... .. .. ... .. .. .. ..




     194
                                                                                                                   INDEX




                             dkphyofinkwmutimobil&                                      andai-R                  . ..... .... ... .... .... ... .... .... ... .. ... .. .... ..... ... .                    1273
                    seniorm%ceraflcmt               ... ... ... .... .. .... ... .... .... ... ..... ... ... ..... ... ... .... .... .. .. . .... .....                                                     1280
        (   PersOn, empl.ydin         Smice OfgenemlmeB                              .... ... .... .... .... ..... ... ... ..... .... .. .... .... ... .. ... .... ... ... ..                               1158
                    in Gaa.stGuamlautkmrtty.af . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          1035
                    in distress e.ss@4tnce tnseniOr @icerpresent                                     .. .. .. .. ... .. .. .. . . .. ... .. ... . . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . . .. . ... .. .. . .. .        0925
                    in naval service who conqidcm him w hemelf oppressed .mobserves any misconduct it! a superior .                                                                                           . ..
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1150
                    mtintie    arm& f.-aftie                         Uniti Sm~. deliveq titi\ilau&riti                                                 ... ... .. ..... ... .. .. ... .... ..... .. ..      0809
                             fomdunderintimimtin~                               orim~rkuwn-                                          .. .. ..... ... ... ... ..... .. ... .. ... ..... ... ... .            0809
                    wflomingmdi~l.                  den~lormli~owmwim                                      . .... ..... .... .. ... ..... .... ... ... .... .. .. ... .... ..... .. ..                      10s2
                                           mactwesewtce                     md+ectln nnvnlnuthmity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            1020
                    pmhibiti.n a~imtmmoval                         fmm&pbyfom@oKtciah                                      .... ... .. .... ..... ... .. .... .... .. .. ... .... ..... . ..                0828
            per~odn=,tit                  . ... .. ... ... .... ... .... .... .. ..... ... ..... .... ... ... .... .... ... .... .... .. .. .. ... ...... ... .                                             1266
                    e.slmre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1270
                     ~f.%au~mObde=s~aimmft                       . .. .... ... .... ..... ... ...... ... .. .... ..... ... .. ..... ... .. .. ... ..... ... ... .                                           1273
I                    dkpky, moretinoneakddip                           . ... .... ..... .. ..... .... ... ... ..... ... ... .... .... ... . .. .... .... .... .. .                                          1268
                               whe. natt.nalemngn mat masthead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                            1269
                               whe. offtcerlmnporaril              ysucceededi.ommmnd                     ... ... ... ... ..... ... ... ... .... .. .. ... ... ...... .. ..                                 1271
            Pewndnece,s&es.                &”eofbymmmmndk~                  oE~r        . .... ... ..... ... .. ...... ... ... ... ..... .. ... .. .. ..... .... .. .
I
                                                                                                                                                                                                            0833
            Pe-ndsernce            inexcessafthatautbortid                   bylaw          .. .... .... .... ... ..... ... ... ... ..... .. .. ... ... ..... ... .. .                                      1116
            Pe-nnel.      adva.cementOf, mmmatii~.Htmr-s                        r~pwibitity               ... .... .. .... .... .... .. ..... ... .. .. ... .... .... ... .                                 0820
                     .xweara.ceof         .. ... .. ... .... ... ... .... .. . .. .... ... ...... ... .. ..                                                           . . . ... ... ..... ..                0808

I                    casualty, reportof
                     mspection,c wnma”ding
                                                       .     ..
                                                      oKker,s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                     .rganiznu.n cmdtmining foreme~ewi~bctor.de~~
                                                                               .          .. .... ...... ... ... ... ..... ... ... ..... .. .. .. ... ..... .... .

                                                                                                               f.rz.m. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                                                                                                                                                                                            0s21
                                                                                                                                                                                                            0808
                                                                                                                                                                                                            08s3
                     W.lfarec,f         .              .               . .... .... .... .... .... .... ... .. ..... .... .. ... ..... .. .. ... ... .... .. . ..                                            0820
            Peuyc.nic.,s,.uthmity             ... .. .... ... ... ... ... .... ... ..... .... ..... ... .. .... .... ... ... .... ... ... .. ... .... .... .. .                                             1037
                               duri.griocorquarrel             . ... ... ... .... ..... .... .... ... ... .... .... ... ... .... .... ... . ... ... .... .... ..                                            1034
            Physicdsecuriiy          ... .. ... ... ... .... ... ... ... .... ... ..... .. ...... ... ... .... .... ... .. ...... ... .. . .... .... .... .. .                                              0826
I           Piiet. autirityand        res~tibility.f         . ... ... ... .... ... ..... .. ...... ... ... .... .... ... ... ..... ... .. .. ... ..... .... ..                                             0S56
                     direct charge of&ipo.tmderow.                   pwer      .. .... .... ... ...... ... . ..... .... ... ... ..... ... . ... .. ...... ... .. .                                         0871
                     employ rnentandsaatus.f             ... .... ... .... ... .... .... .... .... ... ... ... ..... ... ... ..... .. ... .. .. ..... ..... ..                                             0856
                     wymenLof        . .. ... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... .... .... ... .... ..... ... ... .... .... ... .... ... ... .. .. ... .... .... ...                                              0s56
            Pilmnge     . ... ... ... .. ... .. .... .. .... ... ... .... ... ... ..... ... ..... ... ... ... ..... ... .. .... .... .. .. .. ..... ..... .. .                                              0s56
            Piping theside        . ... .... .. ... ... ... ... ... .... .. .... .... .... ..... ... ... ... .... ... .... ... ..... .. .. .. ... .....                                               1249.1250
            P1.acesofccJnfirl. *eIll        .. ... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... .... ..... .... ... ... ... ..... .... ... ... .... ... .. .. .... ..... ... .                                              1105
            Pks.    emplaymemtoffom,s,           pre~mtionofby             mm-ndar               .... ..... ... ... ... .... ... ... ..... ... . ... .. ..... .... .. .                                    0706
            Pollution. envircmmental           .. ... ... ... ... ... .... ... .... ..... ... .... ... .... ... ..... .. ... ..... ... .. .. ... ...... .. ...                                             0s22
            POrM. guml”w          Uforei~nati.n           .. .... ... ... .... ... .... ... ...... ... .. .... .... ... ... ..... ... .. .. ... ... ...... .. .                                             1215
                                                                                                                                                                                                           0858
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1161
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1160
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1159
                                                                                                                                                                                                           0807
                                                                                                                                                                                                           0812
                                                                                                                                                                                                           0825
                                                                                                                                                                                                           0601
                                                                                                                                                                                                           0501
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1006
    1                                                                                                                                                                                                       1238
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1005
                                                                                                                                                                                                           0501

                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1005
    I                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1003
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1002
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1004
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1007
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1002
                     Wbmgrnde          .. .. . . ... ... .... .. .... ... .. ..... ... ..... .... ... ... .... .... ... .... ... ... . .. ..... .... ... .                                                             1002
            Pmceden@,      ~mblMdhy             Unitih@inrektiomwik                                   {orei@mUom                      . ..... .... ... .... ... .. .. .. .... .... .                             1125.1136
            PvepamliOn Of fimessad              ~rfOcmmcere@re                            .. ...... .. ..... ... ... ... ..... ... ... ... ..... .. .. .. .... ...... .. .                                             1129
    I       Presence, LIfOK,-. eli~ible m succeed LO.mmntnndnot i. operating (o-of                                                    the Navy w Marine Carps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                           0803
            pr=~tien~gun      =iutimtie          nagof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       1210
                     Imus,m,lhonnrsta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1257
                    naval .dvuorm          .. ... .. ... ... ... ... ... .... .... .... .... ..... .. . . ..... ... ... ... ..... .. .. ... ... ... .                                                           0401.0605
                    OIlkt.lvisilam       . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1239
            Pm.entingcvltisions        anoat~d             inlhetir.        rulmfor             .... .... ..... ... ... ... ..... ... ... ... .... ... . .. .... ...... .. .                                           1139
            Principal regulatiqdwumento                     flbe Naq, Neq&@k~                                             ... .. ... ..... ... ... ..... ... .. .. .. .... ...... .. .                                0103
    I       Prisotmrs..fww        ... .. .... ... .. .... .... .. .... .... ... ..... ... .... .... ... ... ..... ... ... ... .... ... .. .. ... ....... ..                                                           0S29
                              -mwncew            by Amert-n            Natio..l lf.ed C-                      ..... .... .. .... .... ... ... ... ..... .. .. .. .... .... .... .                                     0816
                              murztya,td        umment of... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                        .. . .              . .... ..... ...            08!?9
                    lreaUnenL emd releaseof              ... .. .... ... .... ... ..... ... ... ...... .. .. ... ...... .. ... ... .... ... .. .. ..... ..... ..                                                       1104

    I

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                195


    I
Property.    gOvemment. ~siOn.r                         . ... .... .... ... .... .... .... .... ... . . ... .. . . . . . .. .. .. ... . . . . ..                                                                   1160
         p.bltc. de fic,turexc-or                   . . . ... .... ... ... ... ..... . . .... ... . . . . ... .. . .. . . .. . . . . . . .                                                                   0814.1114
Prospective    commanding uIficer, ~mm&.ni.~and                                             wsumingccmmm.d,                          .. . .... .. ... . . . ..                                                 .
         d.tiesor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
         ~repa:lng rac=. a~r..m,~~=iofiins                                ;: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pmticuon,l,v~and          pmprty Un,ti SUwsctumm                                           . .... ..... ... .... .. . . .. . .... ... ... . . .. ... ... .. ... .. .
Pubtictl.Ath      %rvice. auti.rity andres~tibility                                    orpe~min                    .... .. . . .... . .. . . ..                                  .. .. ... .. . .
Pubtic Pm~rty.        d&tciLorexce~oI                   . ... .... ... .... ... ..... .... ..... ... .... ... ..... ... ... ....
Public nffnirs                                                                                                    .. . .. . .. ... . . . . .. ... .. . . . . . .
Publication    oforficiti     information                 . ... .... ... ... .... .... .... ..... .... .... ... .... ... .... ... .. ... ... ... ... ... .. .
Pubbcatio"s.     re~dam~smLu.r                       .... ... .... .... ... ... ..... .... ..... .... ... .... ... ... .... ... .. .. ... .. . . ... . .
Pub fish] ng-d~,ting             orders and regukicms                                .... .... .... .... ..... ... .... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ...
Punisbmenti,limimti.                mo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pur~semd        rorceo[Navy              &gulatiuns                  .... ... .... .. .. .. ... . .. .... . . . . ... ... . . . .. .. .... .. .. . ..

Q

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1158
                                                                                                                                                                                                              0859
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1256
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1233
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1140




                                                                                                                                                                                                              0505
                                                                                                                                                                                                              0911
                                                                                                                                                                                                              0929
                                                                                                                                                                                                              0931
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1135
                                                                                                                                                                                                              0917
                                                                                                                                                                                                              0910
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1121
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1104
                                                                                                                                                                                                              I 080
                                                                                                                                                                                                              0807
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1136
                                                                                                                                                                                                              0817
I
                                                                         INDEX


            semtces, demtlof pemomperformlng             . . ... . .. ... ..... . . ...                                     . . . ... . . . ...    I 063
    Repairs, timemha.tve~eb.        ~ninroficerpre~nc           .... ... ..... .... ... ... .... .... .... ... ... ..... ... .. ... .. .... ...    0926
    Replies. meccwtiom      . ... .. .... ... ... ... ... ... ..... ... .... ..... ... ... ..... ... .... .... ... .... ... ... .. ... ... ... .   1108
    Rewrt. ~ti@nce@&iwand             air.&     indistreS      . . .. . .... ... ... . . .. . .. .. . . .... .. .. ... . .                         0925




                                                                                                                                                   1081
                                                                                                                                                   1137
                                                                                                                                                   1104
                                                                                                                                                   0873
                                                                                                                                                   1088
                                                                                                                                                   0926
                                                                                                                                                   0801
                                                                                                                                                   0860
                                                                                                                                                   1102
                                                                                                                                                   0106
                                                                                                                                                   0906
                                                                                                                                                   1156
                                                                                                                                                   1131

I                                                                                                                                                  0925
                                                                                                                                                   0311
                                                                                                                                                   1211
                                                                                                                                                   0711
                                                                                                                                                   0802
                                                                                                                                                   0302
                                                                                                                                                   0711
                                                                                                                                                   1106
                                                                                                                                                   1226
                                                                                                                                                   1052
                                                                                                                                                   1020
                                                                                                                                                   1243
                                                                                                                                                   I 225
                                                                                                                                                   0915
                                                                                                                                                   1034
                                                                                                                                                   0821
                                                                                                                                                   1139




                                                                                                                                                   0857
                                                                                                                                                   091s
                                                                                                                                                   0825
                                                                                                                                                   1111
                                                                                                                                                   1223
                                                                                                                                                   1212
                                                                                                                                                   1255
                                                                                                                                                   1214
                                                                                                                                                   1211
                                                                                                                                                   1287
                                                                                                                                                   !276
                                                                                                                                                   1261
                                                                                                                                                   1225
                                                                                                                                                   1224
                                                                                                                                                   1224
                                                                                                                                                   1214
                                                                                                                                                   1214
                                                                                                                                                   1214
                                                                                                                                                   1214
                                                                                                                                                   1217
                                                                                                                                                   1215
                                                                                                                                                   1213
                                                                                                                                                   1276
                                                                                                                                                   1221
                                                                                                                                                   1215
                                                                                                                                                   1215




                                                                                                                                                   197
                                                                                                  INDEX


                                                                                                                                                                                                                1223
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1224
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1284
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1226
                                                                                                                                                                                                                I 222
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1226
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1219
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1252
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1237
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1236
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1219
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1270
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1223
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1226
                    ,,l”!-”, ”,                                                    . .. ... .... .... .... ... .... ... ... .. . ... ... ... ..                                                           1216, 1225
                    mdestnbebr.mwdmrelurn
                                o                                      or . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                .          1225
                    mlulingssme.fker                   oro~lcialm.rethrm                       once in same year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  1226
                    ShSPS.d SW. .IM. UdU.nd k.rl~e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                        U                                                                                                                                                                       1212
                    scnmr.flkerprcsenl                    ... .... . .... .... ... ..... ... .... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... . . .. ... ... .. ... ..                                                        1220
                    senmr.nly onarrtv.l .rdqm.rture                                 .         . .                        .               . ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..                                   1226
                    timec.fday tabefircd                    . . .                                    .. . . . . . .... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... .. ....                                                      1226
                    Uniwd Stat.es6hips andstations, ret.um.f                                      .. .... ... .... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... .. ... .... ..                                       1216,1225
                    wbeneevernl hee,ds of state ,re Prese”t                                   ..         . . . .                         . ... .... .. ... .... .. ... ...                                      1218
                    where f.rbldden by local regulations                                  .          . ... .                 .. . ... ... . .. .. ... .... .. ...                            . .                1226
         hand          . ... ... ... ... .. ... .... ... .... ... .... .... ... ..... ... .... ... ... .... .... .. ... ... ... ... ... ... .                                                             1209, 1210
                    dkpefing          witiah