Co-Leaders Howard Schwartz (specialist) + Thad Gourd (agent) by nih35233


									   1. Title of Program: PEST MANAGEMENT WORK TEAM
   Co-Leaders: Howard Schwartz (specialist) + Thad Gourd (agent)
   District Liaisons: Robert Hammon (Western), Alan Helm (Northern), Mike Bartolo (Southern)
   Team Associates: Assefa Gebre-Amlak, George Beck, Bruce Bosley, Randy Buhler, Jim Conley, Robert
   Cox, Whitney Cranshaw, Karen Crumbaker, Rob Davidson, Brooke Edmunds, Bill Ekstrom, Samuel Essah,
   Yvette Henson, Tom Holtzer, Tom Hooten, William Jacobi, Kurt Jones, Joe Julian, Harold Larsen, Patrick
   McCarty, Sandra McDonald, C. J. Mucklow, Scott Nissen, Bill Nobles, Kip Nye, Carol O’Meara, Frank
   Peairs, Ramesh Pokharel, Laurel Potts, Susan Rose, Irene Shonle, Mary Small, Alison Stoven, Curt Swift,
   Ned Tisserat, Phil Westra, Rick Zimmerman

Pest Management Team Members                                        Pest Management Expertise
Member              Regional Location         Entomology   Plant Pathology Weed Science     Other (specify)
George Beck         State – BSPM                                            X
Whitney Cranshaw    State – BSPM              X
Tom Holtzer         State – BSPM              X                                              Dept. Head
Bill Jacobi         State – BSPM                           X
Sandra McDonald     State – BSPM                                             X               Pesticide Ed., school IPM
Scott Nissen        State – BSPM                                             X
Frank Peairs        State – BSPM              X
Howard Schwartz     State – BSPM                           X                                 Co-Leader
Ned Tisserat        State – BSPM                           X                                 Diagnostic Clinic
Phil Westra         State – BSPM                                             X
Assefa Gebre-Amlak  Northern – Weld           X                                              X – school IPM
Mike Bartolo        Southern – Otero                                                         X – IPM, District Liaison
Bruce Bosley        Northern – Logan                                                         X - IPM
Randy Buhler        Northern – Logan                                         X
Robert Cox          Northern - Arapahoe                                                      X - IPM
Karen Crumbaker     Southern – Custer                                                        X - IPM
Rob Davidson        San Luis Valley                        X
Bill Ekstrom        Western – Garfield, Rio                                                  X - IPM
Brooke Edmunds      Northern - Adams                       X
Samuel Essah        San Luis Valley                        X
Thad Gourd          Northern – Adams                       X                                 Co-Leader
Robert Hammon       Western – Tri River       X            X                 X               X – IPM, District Liaison
Alan Helm           Golden Plains                                            X               District Liaison
Yvette Henson       Western – San Miguel                                                     X - IPM
Tom Hooten          Western – Montezuma                                                      X - IPM
Kurt Jones          Southern – Chaffee                                                       X - IPM
Joe Julian          Northern - Douglas        X                              X
Harold Larsen       Western – Mesa                         X
Patrick McCarty     Western - Garfield                                       X               X - IPM
C. J. Mucklow       Western – Routt                                                          X - IPM
Bill Nobles         Western - Archuleta                                                      X - IPM
Kip Nye             Southern - Elbert                                        X               X - IPM
Carol O’Meara       Northern - Boulder        X            X                 X
Ramesh Pokharel     Western – Mesa                         X                                 nematology
Laurell Potts       Western - Eagle                                                          X - IPM
Susan Rose          Western – Tri River                    X
Irene Shonle        Northern – Gilpin         X                              X
Mary Small          Northern - Jefferson      X            X
Alison Stoven       Northern – Larimer                                                       X - IPM
Curt Swift          Western – Tri River                    X
Rick Zimmerman      Western - Mesa            X

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    2. Situation Statement:
Management of weeds, insect pests and plant diseases is one of the most costly inputs that clientele in
agriculture, the green industry and consuming households must finance every year in Colorado. A diverse and
expanding pest complex requires enhanced management skills that often increase production costs. A
conservative loss estimate of 5 to 10% due to plant pests could cost Colorado producers in urban and rural
settings 50 to 100 million dollars annually; conservative estimate vary from 2 to 5 million dollars each for dry
edible bean and onion producers alone (H. Schwartz, unpublished). There is a long-term need for a
comprehensive, high quality, integrated pest management system encompassing the disciplines of entomology,
plant pathology and weed science (J. R. Ruberson, 1999. Handbook of Pest Management, Marcel Dekker, Inc.,
NY). Pest activity and severity are dynamic and thus demand for management education and a systems
approach will be ongoing.

In recent years, federal and state governments have focused more attention on the interface between pests, pest
management, and people in non-agricultural environments, including residential, recreational, and institutional
facilities. The impact of exotic, invasive species in natural environments has received increased attention and
IPM programs are under development to mitigate their negative impacts. These programs need major
enhancements to adequately protect human health and the environment from the impact of pests and pest
management tactics, especially those that rely upon multiple applications of broad-spectrum pesticides, burning,
or aggressive mechanical practices that disrupt soil and ecosystems. There is a long-term need for a
comprehensive, high quality integrated pest management system encompassing the disciplines of entomology,
plant pathology and weed science. Pest activity and severity are dynamic and thus demand for management
education and a systems approach will be ongoing. There is no other agency or organization that can assume
the core applied research and outreach IPM program of Bioagricultural Sciences & Pest Management in
Colorado. The breadth and depth of our team’s disciplinary training and experiences enable us to respond
quickly and effectively to new and emerging pest threats and issues in Colorado.

The stakeholders of this program are Colorado taxpayers, commodity groups, the agricultural industry, farmers
and ranchers, county and regional extension agents, crop consultants, land managers, home owners, and many
other state and regional entities including collaborating scientists and statewide extension faculty at Colorado
State University and regional universities. Input from stakeholders is utilized to monitor, adjust and prioritize
projects within the IPM program of BSPM and the Pest Management Team.

It will be important for growers, homeowners and pest management professionals to acquire skills to implement
new and old technologies. There is considerable interest in the development of non-chemical means of pest
management, but some pest species have recently evolved to overcome cultural management tactics such as
crop rotation and host resistance to specific strains of a pest or pathogen. Examples include: Emerald Ash
Borer, Japanese Beetle, Russian Wheat Aphid, Iris yellow spot virus, Thousand Canker Disease of Walnut,
herbicide-resistant weeds, and various invasive weeds. New targets for IPM programs arise constantly as
exotic, invasive species are creating unanticipated challenges in both agricultural and non-agricultural
environments; combined with potential agroterrorism events and mitigation. When pesticides are necessary,
they must be used safely, effectively, and in an environmentally sound manner (and of course, according to state
and federal regulations).

The Work Team’s state and regional pest management efforts relate directly to the National Roadmap for
Integrated Pest Management, with emphasis upon Prevention, Avoidance, Monitoring and Suppression of pest
populations (PAMS approach) []. (07/01/2002-06/30/2011).
The IPM Work Team is sensitive to issues that will impact our future programming and response to
stakeholders such as:

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   •   shifting pest complexes;
   •   agriculture-urban-natural resource interfaces and conflicts;
   •   water and drought issues;
   •   invasive and endangered species;
   •   organic vs traditional production of food products;
   •   political standing of agriculture versus tourism and growth in Colorado;
   •   shifts in pest management options due to legislation;
   •   loss of key pesticides, pesticide resistance, pesticide safety;
   •   profitability and competitiveness of agriculture;
   •   role and adoption of biotechnology (pest diagnostics, Genetically Modified Organisms, precision
       agriculture) in pest and crop systems;
   •   and the social environment surrounding pest management awareness, acceptability and approval.

Iintegration of pest management disciplines provides unique opportunities to address critical issues within
Colorado that cut across disciplinary boundaries. Special emphasis within the Work Team is placed on:
    • generating and providing information related to science-based policy;
    • pest activity;
    • pest diagnostics and identification;
    • pest management recommendations;
    • pest forecasting
    • safe and effective pesticide use;
    • restoration ecology;
    • integrated vegetation management; and
    • the appropriate relationship of pest activity to pesticide use, pesticide alternatives, and pests versus

   3. Primary Target Audience
The potential regional and statewide audiences for this program include county and regional extension agents,
specialists, commodity groups, the agricultural industry and agribusiness personnel, the green industry such as
turf and ornamentals, master gardeners, energy exploration industry personnel, farmers and ranchers, crop
consultants, federal, state, and private land managers, regulatory officials, home owners, consumers, and many
other state and regional entities including collaborating scientists and statewide extension faculty at Colorado
State University and other institutions in the region. Input from stakeholders is utilized to monitor, adjust and
prioritize projects within the Pest Management Team, as well as the program of BSPM.

   4. Overall Program Goals and Objectives
The goal of the National (state and regional) IPM Programs is to improve the economic benefits of adopting
IPM practices while reducing potential risks to human health and the environment caused by the pests
themselves or by the use of pest management practices that reduce reliance upon broad-spectrum pesticides and
destruction of balanced ecosystems. IPM will affect regional stakeholders by improved profitability, increased
pest expertise and level of professionalism, increased pest management literacy (entomology, plant pathology,
weed science awareness), safer and more effective means to manage pests, safe use of chemical control tools,
and expanded biosecurity and response conditions. Pesticide use and exposure will be reduced if viable pest
management alternatives are available.

General objectives of the CE Pest Management Team and BSPM IPM program are to:
(1) improve economic benefits related to the adoption of IPM practices;
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(2) reduce potential human health risks from pests and the use of IPM practices; and
(3) minimize adverse environmental risks from pests and the use of IPM practices.

Pest Management Team and BSPM IPM goals will enhance:
(1) pest diagnostic resources and training;
(2) biology and management of priority pests in a systems-context; and
(3) information targeting pests and their management in Colorado.

Attainment of these goals will support the vision and mission of BSPM Integrated Pest Management and the
Pest Management Team. Specific objectives and programs of BSPM IPM and of various members of the Pest
Management Team include the following, and provide responsive and cross-cutting regionalized and shared
expertise and resources:
   • pasture/range and non-crop noxious and invasive weed ecology, impact and management;
   • noxious and invasive weed legislation and policy development;
   • pest systems research and extension education for alfalfa, corn, barley, wheat, sugar beet, dry bean,
        onion, potato, sunflower, millet, sorghum, ornamentals, trees, shrubs, turf in dryland and irrigated
   • master gardener training and 4-H entomology;
   • plant disease clinic;
   • diagnosis and identification of insect pests, plant diseases and weeds;
   • pest surveys;
   • pest identification in relation to Homeland Security and exotic pest monitoring;
   • household insects;
   • pesticide education, use and safety in Colorado;
   • minor crop IR-4 center;
   • pest management in traditional and precision-agricultural systems;
   • safe use of pesticides and applicator training;
   • pest forecasting and timing of pest scouting and management strategies;
   • biofumigation for control of soil-borne diseases of onion; and
   • specific projects prioritized by stakeholders that target key insects (i.e., onion thrips, potato/tomato
        psyllid, flea beetles, Russian wheat aphid, grasshoppers, Banks grass mite, alfalfa weevil, blister beetles,
        brown wheat mite, cereal leaf beetles, European corn borer, western bean cutworm, corn rootworms,
        Japanese beetle, Emerald ash borer, Oriental beetle, European chafer), plant diseases (i.e., high plains
        disease of corn, stripe rust of barley and wheat, karnal bunt, Wheat streak mosaic virus, rhizomania of
        sugar beet, rust and white mold of bean, Iris yellow spot virus and bacterial leaf spot of onion, early and
        late blight of potato, snow mold of turf, Watermelon mosaic virus, white pine blister rust), and weed
        challenges (i.e., invasive weeds, herbicide resistant weeds, weed biology and ecology, bioeconomic
        modeling, and the effective management of grass/broadleaf weed complexes of dryland and irrigated
        crop systems in Colorado).

PEST MANAGEMENT Projects – Subject Matter Emphasis:
   • Pest Diagnostics
   • Surveillance and Management of Invasive Species (insects, plant pathogens, and weeds)
   • Monitoring and Forecasting of Pests
   • Adoption of Innovative Pest Management Methods (e.g., transgenics, biofuel crops, reduced tillage)
   • Pest Management Education (including School IPM and safe use of pesticides)

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PEST MANAGEMENT Projects – Systems Emphasis:
   • Agricultural Ecosystems (irrigated, dryland)
   • Horticulture and Urban Ecosystems
   • Forest, Range, and Natural Ecosystems
   • Residential & Public (Structure) Ecosystems

PEST MANAGEMENT – Regional Issues for 2009-2010:
   • Japanese Beetle Monitoring
   • School and Residential IPM
   • Mountain Pine Beetle Education
   • On-line High Plains Pesticide Guide
   • Priority Pest Surveys – includes various weed, insect and/or plant disease complexes

   5. Impacts/Outcomes
IPM will affect regional stakeholders by improved profitability, increased pest expertise and level of
professionalism, increased pest management literacy (entomology, plant pathology, weed science awareness),
safer and more effective means to manage pests, safe use of chemical control tools, and expanded biosecurity
and response conditions. Pesticide use and exposure will be reduced if viable pest management alternatives are

Examples of Outputs:
What we Do: regional workshops, on-site workshops, facilitation, product development, training,
demonstration, distance education, curriculum design

Who we Reach: target audience, customers, users, clients, volunteers, learners, members

Learning (Short): Increased knowledge of:
    • pest diagnosis;
    • pest literacy;
    • pest management strategies;
    • safe use of chemical tools;
    • expanded biosecurity awareness and invasive pest response;
    • control of weeds on property;
    • improved profitability with timely pest management; and
    • IPM strategies for crop systems and pest complexes.

Action/Behavior (Medium):
   • improved timing of IPM strategies;
   • more effective management of pests;
   • safe use of chemical tools;
   • expanded biosecurity awareness and invasive pest response;
   • actually working to control weeds on property; and
   • diagnosis of woody plant pests.

Conditions (Longer-term):
   • food safety;
   • appreciation of IPM;
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       •   cost/benefit aspects of IPM;
       •   regulations affecting IPM strategies; and
       •   protection of water, soil, air and native plants.

       6. Educational Strategy
The Pest Management Team will emphasize delivery of programming and information through a number of
technology transfer instruments, methods and media. These will include printed/electronic newsletters (e.g.,
Colorado Bean News sent to nearly 2000 contacts; other state commodity newsletters sent to members on a
regular basis), fact sheets (5 annual updates and/or new submissions), crop bulletins (0.5 to 1 annually), popular
press contributions (5 annually), internet web sites, e-mail based list servers, applied and demonstration
research projects (5 annually), and AnswerLink participation.

This Pest Management Systems approach will utilize our combined pest management expertise, i.e.,
entomology, plant pathology, pesticide education, and weed science, in a comprehensive and interactive manner
for the benefit of clientele and extension agents that specialize in a discipline base or crop or system. Systems
include: dryland, irrigated, urban, field, vegetable, orchard, turf and ornamental, priority crops (i.e., wheat, corn,
sunflower, onion, dry bean, turf, rangeland & county open space, and non-crop ecosystems). Pest Management
Team members and BSPM specialists will continue to place a high priority on involvement in fewer, but higher
quality, high impact outreach efforts emphasizing statewide and regional activities that are integrated across
disciplines and provide comprehensive programming. In 2009-2010, these include: Japanese Beetle
Monitoring, School and Residential IPM, Mountain Pine Beetle Education, On-line High Plains Pesticide
Guide, and Priority Pest Surveys – includes various weed, insect and/or plant disease complexes.

In addition, Team members will collectively conduct sound, relevant research as the basis for extension
education. The Pest Management Team will continue to emphasize research and outreach that target:
    • monitoring and prioritization of pests in Colorado regions through IPM projects and periodic surveys;
    • pest diagnostics through the CSU Plant Pest Clinic and NPDN;
    • 3 to 5 projects each with an emphasis in entomology, plant pathology, and/or weed science; and
    • collaborative activities supported by stakeholders and entities at CSU – i.e., departments, CE & AES
        and in Colorado – i.e., CDA and USDA pest programs, Minor Crop IR-4 (10 projects annually),
        Pesticide Applicator Training (21 categories, 5 study guides, 1500 contacts annually).

    Pest Management Team Resource Tools will continue to be made available for Partners
        • diverse expertise from team members;
        • linkage to non-Extension pest biology expertise at CSU and other agencies;
        • pest alert and monitoring updates;
        • publications and posters such as pdf’s;
        • Powerpoint fiels with voice-over presentation such as Adobe Connect;
        • Digital images (CSU AgImage contributions to Bugwood;s 100,000 image database);
        • Equipment and supplies for collaborative projects;
        • Weather data (COAGMET) and pest forecasts; and
        • Other web-based materials, linkages, and on-line training.
To attain these overall goals, the Pest Management program will emphasize providing information on the:
   • Role and impact of pests in plant systems;

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   •   Advantages and disadvantages of employing pesticides and other pest management strategies and
   •   Economic and environmental basis of decision making related to when and how to use pesticides;
   •   Availability and effectiveness of non-chemical management alternatives;
   •   Use of restoration ecology techniques in landscapes where pesticide use is not practical; and
   •   Safe application and handling of pesticides.

Examples of specific educational curricula for target audiences include pest management programs presented by
team members at annual state-wide meetings sponsored by other CSU Work Team collaborators and partners
such as the Rocky Mtn. Agri-Business, Colo. Agr. Aviation Assoc. , Turf & Ornamental Industry, Independent
Consultants, individual commodity groups (corn, wheat, onion, dry bean), Colo. Dept. of Agriculture, and CSU
Extension personnel at the county and regional levels (e.g., Tri River Agr. Production, Pesticide Applicator
Updates, Master Gardener Training). Products will include 5 or more Pest Management-related SIAs (new and
updated) annually, crop production and pest management bulletins (dry bean, onion). The on-line regional
pesticide guide will be enhanced during the next 5 years to include more linkages to updated IPM strategies and
other CSU resources such as Pest Diagnostics (including our critical role as coordinator for the Colorado
linkage to the National Plant Diagnostic Network or NPDN, supported by the USDA and Homeland Security),
AnswerLink, AgImage and COAGMET. Our programs and products will target clientele skills and knowledge
of plant pests and their management, behavior and practice (e.g., timing of management strategies, reduced
pesticide useage), and economic and environmental outcomes (e.g., reduced pesticide residues); with funding
from a consortium of internal and external sources.

   7. Resources or Inputs Needed
As listed at the beginning of this application, the team depth and breadth encompasses all disciplines of pest
management (entomology, plant pathology, weed science) with 10 campus specialists from Bioagricultural
Sciences & Pest Management and more than 30 field faculty located throughout Colorado. In addition, our
team will tap into other pest management resources available from colleagues in various USDA/ARS programs,
state and federal agencies, and in the private sector (e.g., crop consultants, pesticide and seed company field
reps). This team has been operational and integrated for more than 10 years with the creation of BSPM and its
statewide mission and interests, and long-standing collaborations with extension agents and research scientists
statewide. A dynamic and flexible balance of the pest management disciplines and members, research and
extension objectives, and resources have been maintained by input based upon advisory groups, needs
assessment, and funding opportunities. The core team also enjoys positive relationships and has long-standing
collaborations with specialists and agents from other disciplines who are anticipated to play key roles in all of
the CCAs and selected work teams.

Inputs Needed:
Specialists, Agents, Staff, Volunteers, Partners, Agencies (county, state, federal)
Money, User Fees, Time, Equipment, Expertise and Services (e.g., pest diagnoses and management)
Curricula, Resources (publications, on-line products), Demonstrations, Meetings, Program Plans

Resources Needed:
Operational support for programmatic costs (e.g., supplies, local and regional travel, equipment); salaries for
support personnel; and acquisition or replacement of high priority positions (county-, regional-, campus-based)
with personnel that have critical IPM training and/background.

   8. Evaluation Strategy

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The following criteria to evaluate IPM performance in Colorado will be adapted from the National Roadmap for
IPM []:
(1) IPM practices adoption survey (3 - 4 questions to select clientele in counties by county faculty);
(2) economic benefits using pilot studies;
(3) public awareness of IPM;
(4) document changes in pesticide use patterns over time and relate the changes to IPM practice adoption;
(5) relate dietary exposure to pesticides to IPM practice adoption using USDA AMS PDP; and
(6) measure impact of IPM practice adoption on encroachment of selected invasive species in national park
lands and other sites where data are available.

One measure of the impact of the Pest Management Team and BSPM IPM Program can be obtained by tracking
changes in pest management practices. For example, high correlation between changes in pesticide use and
severity of pest problems would indicate practitioners have adopted sound pest management decision making.
Periodic performance surveys of extension agents, research scientists and BSPM IPM specialists are conducted
to solicit input on effectiveness from statewide extension faculty (via pre/post test instruments at meetings,
clinics, field days), other clientele and commodity groups. Additional feedback will be obtained from
stakeholders and administrators on IPM and individual specialist performance. Behavior change surveys have
been developed and implemented to determine impact 6 months and a year after participant exposure to
extension workshops. These survey instruments utilize email addresses of the participants and the internet
product survey monkey. Results show a 42% return of surveys was obtained six months after the completion of
a pest management program conducted in Adams County during 2007-2008.

Date of POW update:          June 8, 2009

Primary Reviewers:           H. F. Schwartz, T. Gourd, Pest Management Team

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