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									            SMA NEGERI 3 SEMARANG



                                                   SMA3SMG/WKAKA-MAT/QSR/004-01/08



                                        LESSON PLAN


             Subject               : BIOLOGY
             Topics                : Genetics Substance
             Grade / Semester      : XII / 1
             Alloted time          : 2 x 45 minutes




A. Standard of competence
   1. Comprehending the basic concepts and the principles of heredity and their relation to
      science, environment, technology, society.


B. Basic competence
   1. Explaining the concept of gene, DNA, and chromosome.


C. Indicators
   1. To differentiate among gene, DNA, and chromosome.
   2. To explain the function of gene
   3. To explain the function of DNA
   4. To explain the function of chromosome
   5. To describe the structure of DNA
   6. To describe the structure of RNA
   7. To differentiate the nature of DNA from RNA


D. Learning matterial
   Crhomosome, DNA, and gene.
            SMA NEGERI 3 SEMARANG



                                              SMA3SMG/WKAKA-MAT/QSR/004-01/08




E. Learning Activity              :




               Activity                time     Developing life Skill aspect
    1. Opening                       5 minutes
        Apperception: Have you
        ever heard about gene,
        DNA, and chromosome? If
        so, can you differentiate
        among them?
    2. Main activities:              70 minutes 1. Thinking Skills
        Working in group of five,
                                                   - Ability      to     explore
        pupils are given a chart of
        chromosome, DNA, and                         information
        gene. They have to discuss
                                                   - Ability      to     analyze
        about the differences of
        chromosome, DNA, and                         information
        gene .(C4)
                                                   - Ability to solve problems
        Based on the information
        of a textbook, they have to                - Ability to make decisions
        discuss about the function
        of chromosome, DNA, and
        gene as well (C2).                      2. Social Skills
       Given charts of DNA and
                                                   - Ability      in     written
       RNA,      they     have    to
       recognize the characteristics                 communcation.
       of DNA and RNA by
                                                   - Ability        in      oral
       answering teacher questions
       such as: What is the basic                    communication.
       unit of DNA and RNA
                                                   - Ability to work in team.
       molecules? (C4)
       Can      you     see    their            3. Academic Skill
       similarity? Tell me! (C5)
                                                   - Ability to summarize
       How many strand(s) does
              SMA NEGERI 3 SEMARANG



                                             SMA3SMG/WKAKA-MAT/QSR/004-01/08



       the DNA or RNA have?                            information.
       (C4)
       Take a look at nucleotides!
       What molecules constitutes
       a nucleotide? (C4)
       How they bind each other?
       (C4)
       Take a look at their nitrogen
       base! What is the difference
       between DNA and RNA?
       (C2)
       Based     on    the     sugar
       molecule, what is the
       difference between DNA
       and RNA? (C2)
    4. Closing activity
        Making      summary       of
        structure and function of
        chromosome, DNA, and
        gene. (C5)



E. Teaching resource
   1. Worksheet
   2. Biology Textbook for Student
   3. Powerpoint Presentation
   4. Biology 7th edition, Campbell.


F. Assessment
   1. Types            : - Group and individual task
                          - Paper test
   2. Follow up        : Remedial and enrichment.
               SMA NEGERI 3 SEMARANG



                                               SMA3SMG/WKAKA-MAT/QSR/004-01/08



Paper Test Instrument
   1. What is the difference among a chromosome, DNA, and gene?
   2. What is the function of DNA molecule?
   3. What are the differences between DNA and RNA in term of nitrogen base, sugar,
      strand, location, and concentration?
Answer Key
   1. Chromosome consists of DNA, DNA consists of genes, a gene consists of nucleotides.
   2. The function of DNA molecule is to synthesize a protein assisted by RNA.
   3. The differences between DNA and RNA.

        Term              DNA                             RNA

        Nitrogen base     Have      adenine,    guanine, Have adenine, guanine,
                          cytosine, and thymine          cytosine, and uracil

        Sugar             Deoxyribose                     Oxyribose

        Strand            Double helix                    Single strand

        Location          Mainly in the nucleus, some in In cytoplasm
                          mitochondrion or chloroplast

        Concentration     Unchangeable                    Changeable, depends on the
                                                          rate of protein synthesis.



       Scoring guide:
          1. The maximum score of #1 is 3
          2. The maximum score of #2 is 3
          3. The maximum score of #3 is 10
       Total Score = 16
       Maximum grade = 16/16 x 100 = 100
              SMA NEGERI 3 SEMARANG



                                                 SMA3SMG/WKAKA-MAT/QSR/004-01/08



      Grade obtained = score obtained/16 x 100




G. Resources
   1. High School Biology Package.
   2. Esis and Campbell




                                                               Semarang, August 8, 2009


Mengetahui,
Kepala Sekolah                                             Biology Teacher




Drs. Soedjono, M.Si                                  Drs. Khoirul Imdad, Ed.M.
NIP.                                                 NIP. 196006181986031010

								
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