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									Dr. Ajay Kumar
Present Position Telephone E-mail Qualifications. Member of the Indian Administrative Service (1985 batch) with 22 years of experience in senior managerial and administrative positions. PhD in Business Administration from the Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota, USA. GPA 4.0/4.0. Dissertation– Agglomeration, Economic Interdependence and Information Technology: A Macroeconomic Perspective. M.S. in Applied Economics from the University of Minnesota, USA (GPA 4.0/4/0. Dissertation – A Multi-sector Trade Model with Integrated Manufacturing Sector. B.Tech. in Electrical Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India. First class with distinction. Date of Birth: 2nd October 1962 Secretary to Government of Kerala, Information Technology Department Trivandrum, Kerala. PIN 695001 9446028801;

Areas of Expertise
Nature and sources of agglomeration of information and communication technologies (ICTs) industries; Scale and scope externalities between ICT industries; Contagion between regions with ICT industries. ICTs and the New Economic Geography; Regional dispersion of manufacturing and services; Outsourcing; Offshoring. Measurement approaches of ICTs: e-readiness and the impacts of ICTs to foster economic, social and knowledge growth of countries. Globalization, international economic development and trade; Micro-economic foundations of macroeconomic models; Neo-classical trade models; Endogenous R&D based growth models of Romer, and Helpman & Grossman; Gravity model of trade development. Real options analysis.

Key Skills
Strategy formulation and implementation; Policy Analysis; Negotiation with Governments at the highest levels. International negotiations. Direct trainers’ skill; Capacity development especially in the effective use of ICTs. Organizing and conducting workshops, seminars and training programs. Taught undergraduate and MBA students. Assessment of e-readiness. Econometric methods and analyses. Options analysis based on Black-Scholes and other models.

Key Experiences
1. Secretary to the Government of Kerala, Information Technology Department, Trivandrum, Kerala (October 2007-continuing)


As the Chief Information Officer for the state of Kerala, coordinated the e-governance activities for the state government. Some of the landmark e-governance initiatives whih are being implemented include: Akshaya, an e-governance initiative for hundred percent e-literacy, that is at least one e-literate person in every household; FRIENDS, a single window facility for payment of government dues including utilities like electricity, water, telephone, colleges fees etc., IT@school, which provides mandatory computer education at the school level; Kerala State Wide Area Network (KSWAN), a public-private partnership project, on a build-ownoperate and transfer basis, connecting all district headquarters, all block headquarters, and nearly three-fourths of the Panchayats in the state; State Data Centre as a central data warehouse for all e-governance activities in the state; a file monitoring system; SecWAN, a wide area network for government secretariat buildings, and other important government buildings in Trivandrum, IDEAS, a file monitoring system for government secretariat; 2. Secretary to the Government of Kerala, Industries Department, Trivandrum, Kerala (Nov. 1999 – Jan. 2003) Formulation of policies and implementation of programs targeted towards investment promotion and industrial development of the state of Kerala. Thrust sectors were food processing, textiles and information technology. Coordination, supervision and support to public sector institutions for promotion of infrastructure. Provision of long-term credit and development of small-scale industries in the state. Restructured several public sector companies under the Asian Development Bank economic reform program. Formulated and implemented the plan to set up the National Centre for Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) certification in Kerala, the first state in India to have a HACCP certification facility. Formulated and implemented cluster based development project for rubber industry in Kottyam and Kochi districts of Kerala with the involvement of UNIDO. Initiated the development of Malayalam font in Open source with the involvement and assistance of Asia Pacific Development of Information Program of UNDP. 3. Managing Director, Kerala State Electronic Development Corporation Ltd. (KELTRON), Trivandrum, Kerala (July 2000 – Jan 2003) Carried out restructuring and re-engineering of the sick company, which helped revive it. Successfully closed down several loss-making subsidiaries of KELTRON with amicable rehabilitation and severance packages. 4. Managing Director, Kerala State Agricultural and Rural Development Bank, Trivandrum, Kerala (Aug 1991-May 1992) Providing rural credit for agricultural, housing, transportation and small-scale agro-industrial purposes. Was awarded the best state bank award by the Union Finance Minister for the performance of the Bank. 5. Sub – Divisional Magistrate and District Magistrate, Government of Kerala, Tellicherry and Palghat(Sep 1985- Sep 1989; May 1992 –Dec 1994) Specialized in all aspects of regulatory, development and welfare aspects of district administration. Responsible for revenue administration, law and order, management of district development programmes and support to local Government institutions. Worked with distinction as District Magistrate of Palghat district, a communally sensitive district in Kerala during the period of historic turbulence on account of Babri Masjid demolition in December 1992. Received several distinctions for my work in the district including Silver Elephant from President of India for conduct of National Jamboree of Scouts and Guides, Citation from Prime Minister of India for implementation of Mahila Samridhi Yojana ( a women empowerment program) in the district; Outstanding Young Person by Junior Chamber of Kerala. Formulated and implemented Girivikas, a model for encouraging tribal children to education, which has since become benchmark project in tribal education in the state.

6. Instructor, Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota, USA (Sep 2004 – May
2007) Taught courses on Management of Information Technology to the Undergraduate students and Executive MBA students.


International Negotiation Experience
During the course of various assignments, I have been part of several international negotiation teams and working groups to discuss border trade, boundary disputes and other issues promoting mutual cooperation. Member of the Indo-China Expert Group Member of the Indo-Bangladesh Joint Working Group Member of the Indian Border Security Force –Bangladesh Rifles, Director General level talks. Member of the Indo-Myanmar Joint Working Group Member of the Indo-Nepal Working Group

Main Publications
Kauffman, R. J., and Kumar, A. (2008c). “Network Effects and Embedded Options: Decision-Making Under Uncertainty for Network Technology Investments,” Information Technology and Management, (forthcoming). Kauffman, R. J., and Kumar, A. (2008b). “Mapping the Multi-tiered Impacts on the Growth of IT Industries in India: A Combined Scale-and-Scope Externalities Perspective,” International Journal of Information Technology for Development, (forthcoming). Kauffman, R. J., and Kumar, A. (2008a). “On the Company We Keep: Combined Scale-and-Scope Externalities in the Growth of IT Industry Co-agglomerations,” In R. Sprague (ed.), Proc. 41st Hawaii Intl. Conf. Sys. Sci., January, IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos, CA (forthcoming). Kauffman, R. J., and Kumar, A. (2007b). “The New Economic Geography of IT Industries: The Impacts of the Internet on their Market Linkages and Agglomeration,” In Proc. 28th International Conference of Information Systems., December, Montreal, Canada. (forthcoming). Kauffman, R.J., and Kumar, A. (2007a). “Understanding State and National Growth Co-movement: A Study of Shared ATM Networks in the United States,” Electronic Commerce and Research Applications, forthcoming. Kauffman, R. J., and Kumar, A. (2007b). “Modeling network decisions under uncertainty: countervailing externalities and embedded options.” In R. Sprague (ed.), Proc. 40th Hawaii Intl. Conf. Sys. Sci., January, IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos, CA. Kauffman, R. J., and Kumar, A. (2007c). “Scale and scope externalities in the growth of IT industries in India: An Agglomeration Perspective.” In R. Sprague (ed.), Proc. 40th Hawaii Intl. Conf. Sys. Sci., January, IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos, CA. Kauffman, R.J., and Kumar, A. (2006a). “A Combined Scale-And-Scope Theory of IT Industry Cluster Growth.” In the Proceedings of the 2006 IEEE International Society for Engineering Management Conference, in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, September 17-20, 2006, IEEE Computing Society, Los Alamitos, CA, in press. Kumar, A. (2003). “E-Government and Efficiency, Accountability and Transparency.” Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries. 12. Available on the Internet at Harris, R., Kumar, A., and Balaji. V. (2003). “Sustainable Telecenters? Two Cases from India.” Information and Communication Technologies for Development—Development Gateway. . Kumar A. (November 29-30, 2001). “Bridging the Digital Divide: Some Efforts from Kerala,” in the Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Technologies, Communications and Development, Kathmandu, Nepal.


Kumar, A. (September 3-7, 2001). “Knowledge and Decision-making: Some Examples from Kerala,” Plenary Talk at the Second Meeting of the Committee on Development Information (CODI) of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, Adis Ababa, Ethiopia. Kumar, A. (June 27-29, 2001). “Interconnectivity for an Enhanced Information Infrastructure in Asia.” In the Proceedings of the 10th Annual AMIC Conference: Asia’s Infocomm Future—Building Core Values, Competence and Capacity, Manila, Philippines, 659.3(5) AMIC Information; Asia C SG-AMIC, 2001-10-26. This paper is available for download from the Internet at the following URL:
Working Papers Kauffman, R.J. and Kumar, A. (2006b). “From E-readiness to ICT Impacts: An Evaluative Approach for Country Level Development Area Output Assessment,” MISRC Working Paper No. 06/06, Carlson School of Management, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Kauffman, R.J., and Kumar, A (2006c). “Do Information Technology Industries in Individual States Respond to National Shocks ?” MISRC Working Paper No. 06/05, Carlson School of Management, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Kauffman, R.J., and Kumar, A. (2005). “A Critical Assessment of the Capabilities of Five Measures of ICT Development.” Working Paper No. 05/06. MISRC Working Papers Series. University of Minnesota.

Key Achievements and Awards
Awarded “Silver Elephant” medallion by National Scouts and Guides in 1994. This is the highest award for the National Scouts and Guides and was conferred by His Excellency the President of India. Awarded a citation by the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India in 1994. Was recognized for mobilizing rural women to enroll in a monthly savings program, “Mahila Samridhi Yojana.” Awarded the “Outstanding Young Person” by the Junior Chamber of Kerala in 1994. Awarded Graduate School Fellowship by the University of Minnesota, USA in the years 2004-2005 and 2006-2007. Awarded the best project for the project titled “An Action Plan for Municipal Administrators in India,” a report on Municipal Solid Waste Management as part of the Program on Energy, Environment Resources and Sustainability 1998-99 conducted jointly by International Institute on Sustainable Development, Canada and by TERI, India.


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