How Do I Make My Outline a Rough Draft by jya95852

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									                 How Do I Make My Outline a Rough Draft?!

    Each Roman Numeral will be a new paragraph. There also may be multiple
     paragraphs within each Roman Numeral depending on how much information you
     have under than number.

    You will need to have your source and note cards with you as you go from outline
     to Rough Draft

    Your note cards will fill in the details your Outline does not have. They will also
     provide the page numbers necessary for your internal citing as will your source
     cards provide the author’s last name for the internal citing.*

    Let’s look at an example of how to turn an Outline into sentences and paragraphs
     and then an entire Research Paper! YAY!


Here is Roman Numeral I from my Outline:

   I.      Introduction
           A. Thesis- Forest Fires are a national problem that all citizens should be
              aware of and preventing from spreading further.
           B. Background Information
                   1. 1st reported American forest fire was in 1881
                   2. in the past had to let them burn out
                   3. increased in number over the years
                        a. more people using forests
                        b. more dangers
                                i. man-made
                                ii. natural
                   4. advancements in fire fighting continue to lessen the impact

Here is what it looks like in sentence and paragraph form:
        Smokey the Bear says, “Only YOU can prevent forest fires.” And he is right.
Forest Fires are a national problem that all citizens should be aware of and preventing
from spreading further. The first reported American forest fire was in Montana in 1881
(Baker, p9). At this time, the only thing fire fighters and citizens could do was let them
burn themselves out. Over the years, as the advancements in fire fighting grew, so did
the number of forest fires. This is attributed to the fact that our population continues to
grow, as do the dangers (Johnson, pg287). Some of the dangers can be attributed to
humans, but some are also natural occurrences we can’t prevent. We must continue to
advance in our prevention and fire fighting methods in order to lessen the impact of
forest fires in the United Sates.

Compare my outline and the paragraph above. I have all of the same
information in both and in the same order. I added a “hook” to the
beginning of the Introductory Paragraph in order to “reel in” my reader.
Also notice my Internal citing.* This is the process you will use for each
Roman Numeral from your Outline.

Now let’s look at an example where the Roman Numeral has so much
information under it, it needs to be written out as more than one
paragraph:

From my Outline:
   II.     History
           A. First fire department called to forest fire
                    1. Utah- 1901
                    2. burned 87 acres of National Park
           B. National Committee of fire fighters- 1907
                    1. differences in domestic and forest fires
                    2. how to better fight & prevent forest fires
           C. Smokey the Bear
                    1. 1921
                    2. First national forest fire prevention campaign
                    3. raised national awareness
                    4. became a national icon

And here it is in sentence and paragraph form:
          While the first reported forest fire in the United States was in Montana in 1881,
the first one that a fire department was able to respond to was in the Utah National
Forest in 1901. The Talooka Lake Fire Department was too small and too under
equipped to handle such a huge and out of control fire. They were quickly overwhelmed
and after trying for several hours to bring it under control, they just had to stand and
watch as the fire eventually destroyed 87 acres of National Forest (Johnson, pg. 300).
Six years later, and as a direct result of the Utah fire, the President called a national
committee to investigate the unique problems of forest fires. It was held in Chicago in
1907 and fire chiefs from all over the country attended. There were also a lot of
politicians there to try and get help for their own home states (Harris, pgs 46-50). The
Committee discussed the differences in domestic (house) fires and forest fires and the
best way to fight both. The focus was, however, on how to better fight and prevent
forest fires in the first place. The Committee decided we needed a national campaign to
make people aware of the dangers and how to prevent forest fires (Harris, pg 51).
          After years of trying to educate the public about hazards in the forest, the
National Committee on Forest Fires (NCFF) came up with a genius idea. In 1921, one
NCFF member, Tommy Haverlack, told the group about a baby bear that had been
rescued from a forest fire in California. His parents had died in the fire and he was a
very sad and lonely bear. The zoo that adopted him nicknamed him “Smokey”.
Haverlack suggested they use the image of Smokey for a new national ad campaign and
thus Smokey the Bear was born! He became the face and the voice of the biggest
campaign about fire safety the country had ever known. He immediately raised national
awareness about forest fires and ways to prevent them. They country loved Smokey. He
is still used by the NCFF today and has become a national icon (Harris pgs 52-80). The
inspiration for Smokey died of old age in his new home in 1940. He will always be alive
in the hearts and minds of Americans.

There was enough information on Smokey the Bear that I dedicated an
entire paragraph to it even though all of the information was under one
Roman Numeral. It wouldn’t have made sense just to tack it onto the
paragraph above as I had started a new sub-topic.
You will need to do this for all of your Roman Numerals (take them from
outline form to sentence and paragraph form to create your Rough Draft
and include your internal cites).

Now let’s look at our conclusions. You often do a terrible job with your
conclusions because you are done and do not want to write anymore, so
you slap some mess together in a sentence or two and call it a conclusion.
Well, I hate to break it to you, but without a complete conclusion, you
AREN’T done!

From my Outline:

   III.    Conclusion
           A. Restate Thesis- Each year thousands of acres and millions of dollars are
               lost to forest fires in the United States
          B. Draw Conclusions and Make Predictions (“So what?”)- In the past,
we were helpless to the destruction caused by forest fires. Over the years, the United
States has progressed in both prevention and fighting of this disaster. We still need to
develop further advancements in this area, however. If we do not, we will continue to
waste money and time and more importantly, precious land. If we do not, there might
not be any forests for your children and grandchildren to explore and roam through and
enjoy.

And here it is in sentence and paragraph form:

        Each year thousands of acres and millions of dollars are lost to forest fires in the
United States. In the past, we were helpless to the destruction caused by forest fires.
Over the years, the United States has progressed in both prevention and fighting of this
disaster. We still need to develop further advancements in this area, however. If we do
not, we will continue to waste money and time and more importantly, precious land. If
we do not, there might not be any forests for your children and grandchildren to explore
and roam through and enjoy.



*Internal citing is explained and demonstrated on pgs 10-12.
** We cover your “Works Cited” page next week before your final drafts
are due!

								
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