Guidelines for Nonviolence
These are basic agreements, rather than philosophical/political require-
ments. The guidelines are meant to act as a basis of trust among participants
who, for the most part, have met only for a particular action. The guidelines are
under constant discussion and are seen as our current working understanding,
not as statements etched in stone.
1. Our attitude will be one of openness, friendliness, and respect
toward all people we encounter.
2. We will use no violence, verbal or physical, toward any person.
3. We will not damage any property.
4. We will not bring or use drugs or alcohol other than for medical
Direct Action Handbook - Introduction 5. We will not run.
What follows is a much-condensed The original handbooks ranged from 48 to 6. We will carry no weapons.
version of handbooks produced by 104 pages. These 16 pages offer a small
Abalone Alliance (1981), Livermore sampling of articles on group process Nonviolence is an alternative to the preliminary framework for the under-
Action Group (1982), Vandenberg Action from those handbooks. Other sections of use of violence to initiate change. Non- standing of nonviolence:
Coalition (1983), and LAG’s International these handbooks can be found at
violence minimizes bitterness and isola- 1. The means must be consistent
Day work group (1983). The 1982 LAG www.directaction.org
tion in all people affected by it and tries with the ends.
handbook forms the basis for both the More on this subject can be found in
to break the cycle of violence breeding 2. Respect all life.
material and the graphic design, with the books Direct Action by Luke Hauser
more violence. The use of nonviolence 3. Transform opposition rather than
sections of text added from the others. (www.directaction.org) and Dreaming the
Most of this material is still entirely Dark by Starhawk (www.starhawk.org)
in campaigns has led to many successes, destroy it.
relevant today. It has formed the such as ending racial segregation on buses 4. Use creativity, humor, and love.
Sections include: in Montgomery, Alabama, as a result of 5. Aim for underlying changes.
backbone of direct action ovements in
• Nonviolence the 1956 boycott. 6. Power lies in social dynamics.
North America and Western Europe for
the past several decades, from the 1980s • Consensus & Group Process A large part of the anti-nuclear move- We can withhold cooperation
anti-nuclear movement to the WTO • Affinity Groups ment has decided to incorporate nonvio- from those who abuse power,
protests in Seattle and beyond, and on to • Feminism lence into the heart of our strategy. The and remove power from them.
the anti-war protests of 2003. • Discrimination and Oppression following working assumptions form a 7. Nonviolence is active.
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How does one remain nonviolent in and opponents when truth and love are The conventional view of political few disobey and are punished, keeping
the face of riot(ing) police? The first acted on. Don’t look at this tone as some- power sees people as dependent on the the many afraid.
thing is maintaining human contact with thing imposed by leaders in order to have good will and caprice of the government. Yet there are chinks in this armor.
the potential assailant—whteher itÆs the discipline. Rather it emerges freely when, Power is seen as something people have. First, the repressive apparatus is made
police, a counter-demonstrator, or an by acting, people take back some control Consequently, those without power must up of human beings whose cooperation
angry participant from “our” side. Body over their lives. kill or destroy their rulers and replace is essential. A nonviolent approach un-
language is important: especially mak- them in their positions in order to wield dercuts the police rationale for violence—
ing eye contact. Listening rather than the selfsame power. and reveals to neutral parties the extent
talking may help prevent conflicts from The theory of nonviolence proposes to which the system relies on violence
erupting. a different analysis: that government and force.
It is crucial that affinity groups dis- depends on people and that political When dissent grows and brings force
cuss and role play, responses to poten- power is variable, even fragile, always to bear, it astronomically raises the cost
tially violent situations. For instance, an dependent on the cooperation of a multi- of continuing violence against it, until it
AG can physically surround someone tude of groups and individuals. The with- becomes infeasible and the system breaks
being assaulted, while continuing to dis- drawal of that cooperation restricts and down.
tract or calm the attacker. Active nonvio- can even dissolve power. Put another
lent responses such as this are, after all, way, power depends on continuing obe-
the same idea as the whole blockade, dience, so that when we refuse to obey
which is intervening against the corpo- our rulers, their power begins to crumble.
rate violence of nuclear power and weap- Police Violence
In this sense, nonviolence is not
ons. Police are trained to use holds and passive—nor is it a naive belief in con-
We can show police (among others) blows that can break bones or sprain verting the opposition—nor is it a “safe”
another model of human nature, people joints. You should be aware of this when method of protest, immune from repres-
who are acting for nature and for them- you are noncooperating with an officer. sion. Rather, it is based on a different
selves. This process encourages our op- You will have to be the one to decide understanding of where people’s power
ponents’ doubts about the rightness of how much to risk, how much to accept. really lies. By acting disobediently,
their actions. If you are beaten by police, cover people learn to withhold, rather than
Many people comment on the ex- the base of the back of your head at the surrender, their cooperation. When a
traordinary tone of nonviolent actions. It spine with your hands. Your elbows go group of people recognize this—as the
comes from the fact that participants are over the sides of your head. Lie in a fetal “untouchables” of India did with
centered and clear about what they are position with your legs drawn up to pro- Gandhi’s help—the result is massive
doing. Gandhi referred to this as tect your groin. This is the last stage of noncooperation and obstruction involv-
Satyagraha. Satya is truth, the truth that dealing with this kind of violence. Com- ing the use of social, economic and po-
implies love and human dignity; agraha munication and sometimes withdrawal litical power.
is firmness, the force felt by both actors should be tried first. The authorities are able to wield
power because masses of people pas-
sively obey, and because they have the
violent means for suppressing dissent—
police, National Guard, prison guards. A
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How Consensus Works
An issue comes up for discussion. The facilitator then asks for con-
Introduction as giving us a fresh and valuable per-
For example, an affinity group is trying cerns and objections. A proposal is
spective. As we work to meet their con-
Consensus is a process in which no to decide what its focus will be. After modified as concerns are expressed. For
cerns, our proposals are strengthened.
decision is finalized until everyone in the general discussion, someone suggests a example, a group member might say,
Consensus is not the same as a unani-
group feels comfortable with the deci- go-round during which each member “I’m concerned that a focus on Livermore
mous vote. It does not necessarily mean
sion and is able to implement it without has several minutes to speak. One person is too narrow.” After discussion, perhaps
total agreement. Rather, it means that a
resentment. Ideally, the consensus syn- takes notes and suggestions on a large even another go-round on the subject,
proposal has gone through a synthesis
thesizes the ideas of the entire group into the proposal will be
process in which everyone has a chance
one decision. modified and modi-
to express feelings and concerns.
The skill of coming to genuine con- fied again. In its fi-
sensus decisions is a real and hard one. It nal form, it might be
Roles in a Consensus Meeting something like this:
involves a willingness to change and an
openness to new ideas. People must be Facilitator: Helps move the group “This group will
committed not only to expressing their through the decision-making stages. develop a public
own feelings, but also to helping others Takes suggestions for the agenda. Makes education campaign
with opposite views to express those as sure all necessary roles are filled. Calls around the impact of
well. Because the ideal of consensus is to on people to speak in turn. By calling on U.S. nuclear weap-
reach a decision that is not only accept- quiet people, soliciting opinions from ons development on
able to everyone, but is best for every- those who hang back, and limiting those the Third World.
one, there must be a “bottom line” of who tend to dominate, a skillful facilita- The work of
shared beliefs about what is best for all tor makes sure every person has a chance Livermore Lab will
concerned. These are the principles of to participate fully. Helps the group re- be a major focus,
unity. These basic agreements will un- solve conflict and make decisions by and we will support
doubtedly not encompass all the beliefs summarizing, repeating, or rephrasing those who take part
of each individual in the group, but rather, proposals as necessary. The facilitator in the blockade.” If
will help define the working relationship should remain neutral on topics being sheet of butcher paper, so they can be there are no further objections, the facili-
of the members. This may vary from the discussed. When an issue arises about seen by all. tator can call for consensus. If there are
specific goals of a coalition formed which the facilitator feels strongly, he or When everyone has spoken, some- still no objections, then you have your
around a single action, to an in-depth, she should step aside and let someone one attempts to synthesize the ideas into decision. If consensus is blocked and no
ongoing process of self-definition in a else facilitate. a proposal— a suggestion for what the new consensus can be reached, the group
small collective. Whatever their scope, group will do. “I propose we concentrate stays with whatever the previous deci-
without these basic agreements, and a Vibeswatcher: Pays attention to the on the Livermore action.” The facilita- sion was on the subject, or does nothing
willingness to work within them, con- group’s process. Stays aware of the feel- tor then calls for clarifying questions: if that is applicable.
sensus will never succeed. (IntlDay) ings people are not expressing. Reminds “Do you mean blockading, or public
Unlike voting, consensus is not an the group to relax and take breaks as education, or what?” When the proposal Blocking: Any individual in the
adversary, win/lose method. With con- needed. This role is especially important is clearly understood, additions may be group may also block consensus, but a
sensus, we do not have to choose be- in large meetings. offered: “I propose we concentrate on block should be used very cautiously. A
tween two alternatives. Those who hold Livermore, doing education before the
views different from ours do not become Other roles: Child care, notetaker, action and support for those who want to
be part of the blockade.” continued on next page
opponents; instead, their views are seen timekeeper.
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Consensus with which people carry out a decision.
continued from preceding page There is no dissatisfied minority to un-
dermine a decision. Because group mem-
block is not just a “no” vote, or an bers feel part of the decision-making
expression of disfavor. A block says, “I process, they often take on responsibil-
believe what the group wants to do is ity in new areas.
wrong. I cannot allow the group to do
it—and I am willing to impose this view Spokescouncils: When operating
on other group members because I feel it in a large group, each affinity group
so deeply.” One person may prefer ac- selects one person to act as their spokes-
tion to education. Another may be afraid person. These “spokes” carry affinity
to talk to strangers. But they would not groups’ opinions and proposals to
block the group’s consensus on this pro- spokescouncils of all the affinity groups.
posal unless they believed that the public Spokes try to consolidate, synthesize,
education program was harmful or un- and iron out differences between pro-
ethical. When blocking is used for less posals so as to create a proposal agree-
serious reasons, it frustrates the consen- able to all. The new proposal is then
sus process, because it ends discussion relayed back to the affinity groups by
and cuts off the possibility of synthesiz- their spokes, the issues at hand reconsid-
ing new options.
Consensus and Action: The goal
ered by each AG, and a new position (or
perhaps the old one) is reached. These
new positions are once again brought to
of every decision-making process is not the spokescouncil. If consensus can be One major contribution of the femi- specified time.
just to decide on a solution, but also to reached, great. If not, the process may be nist movement to current social change 2. Value feelings. Include time in meet-
carry out that plan of action. It seems that repeated, or the group may decide to movements is the awareness that effec- ings for expressing emotions and
a person’s commitment to any decision return to the previously consensed upon tive group process and meaningful per- for personal interactions.
is in proportion to their sense of partici- position. The role of spoke should rotate sonal interactions are crucial factors in 3. Meet separately. Allow time for
pation in that decision. Consensus at- frequently so that power remains decen- developing a successful movement. Non- women to meet with women and for
tempts to involve all members of a group, tralized. violence begins at home, in the ways we men to meet with men in order to
not just the “leaders”. treat each other. facilitate self-awareness and
People some- Such an awareness stresses that re- strengthen each person’s
times complain lationships within the group cannot be particiaption. This applies to other
that consensus is separated from the accomplishment of groups as well, such as blacks and
too time-consum- political goals. Effective group process, whites, etc.
ing. Especially in fact, means valuing co-operation over 4. Meet in small groups. Allow time for
when a group is competition, recognizing the contribu- meeting in small groups during
learning to use the tions of each individual, and larger meetings so that people who
process, it may decentralziing power through a non-hi- feel uncomfortable speaking in large
seem cumber- erarchical organizational structure. groups can speak more freely. Small
some. But discus- groups will give each person more
sion time is com- Process Suggestions speaking time as well. A spoke from
pensated by the in- 1. Use go-rounds. Equalize participa- each small group can report back to
creased energy tion by going around the circle and the larger group.
and enthusiasm allowing each person to speak for a 5. Share skills, rotate responsibilities.
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movement in Spain in the early part of
Affinity Groups this century. But actually affinity groups
are the oldest and most ubiquitous form
of organization by people seeking to
An affinity group is usually com- representing each affinity group meet in make a better world: what makes more
posed of 5 to 15 people who have been spokescouncils to communicate, co-or- sense than small groups of friends who
brought together either at a nonviolence dinate and consolidate the different share an “affinity” working together?
prep, by being in an anti-nuke or other groups’ decisions and then bring the co- We hope that in organizing for
type of group, or just because they’re ordinated information back to their re- Livermore, many affinity groups will
friends. In addition, many affinity groups spective groups for their final discussion continue on as political/support groups
focus around a specific interest, issue or and approval. doing anti-nuclear and other things to-
philosophy, such as opposing sexism or Affinity groups serve as a source of gether (for example, anti-war, poetry,
racism in the anti-nuke movement, peace- support and solidarity for their mem- gardens, parties, alternative tech, tofu
keeping, being lesbians, Dead Heads or
single mothers. An affinity group may
bers. Feelings of being isolated or alien-
ated from the movement, the crowd, or
factories, etc). All over the country this
is starting to happen.
exist only for the duration of one action the world in general can be alleviated We feel that affinity groups should Work groups are set up to take care
or may continue functioning as an ongo- through the love and trust which devel- meet regularly, or at least several times, of particular functions for an action. For
ing group. ops when an affinity group works, plays, before the action to build community in a mass civil disobedience action, the list
Affinity groups serve as basic plan- relates together over a period of time. By the group, work on their process, plan a of work groups usually includes:
ning and decision-making bodies for an generating familiarity and trust, the AG blockade strategy, and have a good time • logistics
action, including the preparations and structure reduces the possibility of infil- together. Group names and even identi- • communications
aftermath. Each affinity group provides tration by outside provocateurs. fication such as T-shirts or armbands can • fundraising
for its own physical needs and makes all The concept of affinity groups is not help bring a group together. At least one • media
the basic decisions about the action, us- a new one; the name goes back to the meeting, preferably right after the non- • legal
ing consensus process. Spokespeople “grupos de affinidad” of the anarchist violence prep, should be devoted to legal • outreach & publicity
and jail preparation, in which everyone’s • nonviolence preps
questions, fears, reactions, emotions and • jail support
attitudes are explored in depth. • monitors
Affinity Group Support People • medical
Support people are considered part Ongoing communication with af-
of the AGs they are doing support for. finity groups and other work groups is
Among other things they can: important. This may be facilitated by
• collect a list of people that members of representatives of the work groups meet-
the AG want to be contacted in case ing together as a coordinating council
of injury or arrest. and/or meeting with AG spokes at a
• take care of blockaders’ cars, personal spokescouncil.
belongings, IDs, etc. Work groups must also make bud-
• keep in touch with the protesters for as get estimates and work with each other
long as possible, keep track of where to prioritize distribution of resources.
each member fo the AG is jailed,
greet them when they are freed.
• support on the home front: plants, ani-
mals, kids, jobs, etc.
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Discrimination Introduction Confronting Homophobia
Many people assume that everyone threatened by women choosing women
In the disarmament movement, it is Racism in the movement is heterosexual, despite as lovers over men, feelings that reflect a
important not only to struggle against
Racism, the systematic mistreatment the fact that gay people comprise 10 cornerstone tenet of a sexist society:
bombs and missiles, but also to struggle
experienced by people of color, is a re- percent of the population and have been women are the property of men and
against other forms of violence that con-
sult of institutionalized inequities in the a significant force in every major left under their control. In recent years, the
front us. Specifically, other violence
social structure. Racism stems from a political movement in the past twenty advent of the lesbian rights movement
comes in two forms:
self-perpetuating imbalance in economic, years. has allowed for the emergence of a les-
1. Daily physical and/or psychic vio- political and social power. The conse- Historically, gays have been forced bian separatist philosophy, held by a
lence against all people, such as quences of this imbalance pervade all to live secretly out of fear of psychologi- small part of the lesbian population. For
rape or murder, and specifically aspects of the social system and affect all cal or physical at- many lesbian separat-
against oppressed people. facets of people’s lives. tacks or reprisals. ists, the basic premise
Racism sets groups of people against This invisibility of this philosophy is
2. Psychic and attitudinal violence
each other. It distorts our perceptions of hurts us all: it per- the building of a cul-
within our movement reflected
the possibilities for change; it makes us petuates stereo- ture, institutions, and
in ways we treat each other and
abandon our visions of solidarity; it robs types about gays; it relationships with
us of our dreams of community. divides us; and it women independent
These two forms of violence are No human being is born with racist serves to minimize of men, rather than in
strongly interconnected with the creation attitudes. Racist attitudes are a result of the accomplish- opposition to men.
of weapons of destruction. After all, it is misinformation which has to be imposed ments and contribu- This is based on the
the same system that is responsible: a upon young people. tions of gay people. desire not to have to
system based on domination, on the be- Racism continues in part because Unexamined expend energy con-
lief that some people have more value people feel powerless to do anything prejudices result stantly dealing with
than others, and therefore have the right about it. But the situation is not hopeless. from historical con- sexism and general
to control others. Because we believe it People can grow and change. Racism demnation of ho- societal hatred of
is the system and all of its forms of can be examined and unlearned. mosexuality. Gays women.
violence that we are fighting, we must Before any real change of racist have been attacked on all fronts: by psy- This concept of separatism is not
make a commitment to fight the violence attitudes can happen: chiatry, organized religion, the Right, unique to lesbians and has, in fact, had
that occurs around us and between us. • White people need to realize that it and the Left (which has viewed gayness parallel voices in almost every major
The Discrimination Section of this hand- is possible to unlearn racist attitudes, as evidence of capitalist decadence). The liberation movement. Misunderstanding
book specifically addresses these con- that we do have that power. list is extensive and horrifying, yet re- of this philosophy, however, has resulted
cerns, both within a societal context and • White people need to learn how to pression towards gays is often trivialized in the broadening of the man-hating ste-
within the context of interpersonal rela- get accurate information from and about and our concerns dismissed as inconse- reotype so that, frequently, it is used to
tionships. people of color, to be willing to listen. quential. discount women’s criticisms of sexism
• White people must become aware In the anti-nuclear movement, which or the desire of women to meet sepa-
of the ways that our lives have been encompasses people from a wide variety rately from men. It is crucial that this
limited by racism. This will increase the of political and religious backgrounds, stereotype be confronted and not used as
interest of white people in ending racism. prejudices and stereotypes that lead to a cover for dismissing strong women.
• White people must develop work- negative attitudes toward lesbians and The treatment of lesbians and gays
ing relationships with all groups work- gay men remain unchallenged as long as by the police and jail authorities is an-
ing for change, including black, latino we remain invisible. other concern. Gays are often verbally
and indigenous groups. Don’t force your Are lesbians men-haters? This ste-
agenda on other groups. reotype originated from men feeling continued on page 15
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For every dollar earned by men,
women make only sixty cents.
Women of color bear the burden
of double discrimination.
Patriarchy is also reinforced
by violence. Fifty percent of all
It is important to include a discus- means will influence our ends. We are women are battered at some time
sion of feminism in an anti-nuclear/anti- attempting to live our goals instead of in their lives. Fear of rape keeps
war handbook for several reasons. We just working for them. most women penned in their homes
can’t stop the arms race simply by op- at night and makes hiking trails
posing nuclear weapons; we must also Patriarchy and lonely beaches places of terror
oppose traditional notions of power. The split which in our society di- for many women when they are
Feminism has evolved from women’s vides women and men is one of the most alone. Magazines and movies por-
experiences: being supportive and basic ways in which human beings are tray women as objects to be vio-
nurturant; being victims of violence and devalued. Under patriarchy, which means lated. In war, the victors often rape
oppression; being spiritual and emotional literally “rule of the fathers,” men as- the women of the conquered
beings. And it offers an alternative con- sume power over women. Women are people.
cept of power. relegated to limited roles and valued The feminist movement has actively enforces male domination harms both
Feminist philosophy recognizes the primarily for their sexual and reproduc- struggled against patriarchy and for women and men. That system is part of
need to not only redistribute power, but tive functions, while men are seen as the women’s self-determination in many ar- the system which perpetuates racism,
central makers eas—economic equality, access to jobs classism, heterosexism, and all forms of
of culture, the and education, control over our bodies oppression. In its broadest sense, femi-
primary actors and our sexuality, the right to control our nism seeks not only to shake the world,
in history. The own reproduction. but to remake it.
Feminism and Militarism Feminist Process
to change this Many women see a feminist analy- We learn sexism at such an early age
deep-rooted sis as crucial to effectively challenge and in such intimate surroundings—our
pattern, to as- militarism. Patriarchy supports and own families—that the attitudes it fos-
sure equality of thrives on war. The split which turns ters are often unconscious. To help each
women under women, or any oppressed group, into the other confront this conditioning, women
the law, to chal- other is the same split which allows us to in the late 60s and early 70s met together
lenge on every see our enemies as non-human, fair game in small groups called consciousness-
level of society for any means of destruction or cruelty. raising groups. As stories and experi-
to redefine it—power as inner strength, a the limitations that deny women—and Our country’s foreign policy often seems ences were shared, women began to dis-
sense of self not dependent on control or men—the chance to live our fully-hu- directed by teenage boys desperately try- cover that what we thought were per-
domination of another. Feminist phi- man possibilities. ing to live up to stereotypes of male sonal frustrations or failures often
losophy envisions a society based on Patirarchy is reinforced by the lan- toughness. Men are socialized to repress stemmed from our common situation as
support and cooperation, not on fear, guage we use,. by the images in our emotions, not to cry, to ignore their needs women. The personal, we found, is po-
intimidation and violence. The recogni- textbooks and on our TV screens, by the to nurture and cherish the next genera- litical.
tion that these societal goals and priori- fairy tales we hear as children and the tion. Emotions, tender feelings, care for The process that developed in these
ties must also exist in our process makes popular songs we sing. It is enforced the living and those to come are not seen small groups has strongly influenced our
feminist analysis an integral part of anti- economically: women are clustered in as appropriate concerns of public policy.
nuclear protests. We recognize that our the lowest-paying, lowest status jobs. Feminism says that the system which continued on next page
13 WWW.DIRECTACTION.ORG WWW.DIRECTACTION.ORG 14
continued from preceding page
Although the major changes in
Overcoming Masculine Oppression
process in the peace movement: in fact, women’s lives are a result of the work that
women have done for ourselves,
in Mixed Groups
we call our process feminist. Feminist
process does not mean that women domi- coalitioning with men to fight sexism is an This guide is addressed to men, and • Speaking for others: “What so and so
nate or exclude men—on the contrary, in important ingredient of massive and en- to how we can overcome our own op- really meant was...”
challenges all systems of domination, during change. Some men have joined pressive behavior in mixed (male and
matriarchy as well as patriarchy. The women in this struggle, and from this has female) groups. More often than not, The full wealth of knowledge and
term recognizes the historical impor- emerged a small men’s anti-sexist move- men are the ones dominating group ac- skills available to the group is severely
tance of the feminist movement in insist- ment that challenges the social order that tivity. Our goals are to rid the society— limited by such behavior. Women and
ing that nonviolence begins at home—in depends on sexism to control both men and our own organizations—of these men who feel less assertive than others
the ways we treat each other. and women. Such a movement is helping forms of domination.
When we say that we use feminist men become conscious of their own pains The following
process, we mean that the relationships and needs, recognize how they dominate are some problems
within our groups cannot be separated others, and give support to each other. As for men to become
from the accomplishment of our goals. with women struggling to overcome limi- aware of:
We mean that we value synthesis and co- tations that are conditioned, men can over-
operation rather than competition, that come the barriers which prevent them • Hogging the show:
we value each individual’s contributions from being full human talking too
to the group and encourage the active beings as well. much, too long,
participation of everyone involved. We too loud.
mean that our organiza- • Problem solver: continually giving or who don’t feel comfortable participat-
tions are non-hi- the answer or solution before others ing in a competitive atmosphere are cut
erarchical; that have had much chance to contrib- off from the interchange of experience
power flows from ute. and ideas.
the united will of As men, we can be responsible to
the group, not from the • Restating: saying in another way what
others and ourselves in groups by taking
authority of any individuals. someone else, especially a woman,
only our fair share of talking time, listen-
Nevertheless, our groups are not has just said.
ing attentively and not interrupting other
leaderless—each one of us is a • Putdowns and one-upsmanship: “I speakers, giving our ideas in an equal
leader. used to believe that, but now...” or rather than an arrogant manner, mini-
“How can you possibly say that?” mizing our critical tendencies, and inter-
rupting the oppressive behavior of other
Homophobia homophobia as a “divide and conquer” • Self-listening: formulating a response
tool. after the first few sentences, not
continued from page 19 If sexism isn’t ended within social
Concern for issues beyond nuclear listening to anything from that point
change groups, there can’t be a move-
abused by police and as a result feel holocaust strengthens our movement by on, and leaping in at the first pause.
ment for real social change. Any change
especially vulnerable to police and jail. building vital coalitions. Gaining an
• Avoiding feelings: intellectualizing, of society which does not include the
It is important that heterosexual and gay awareness of lesbians and gay men and
withdrawing into passivity, or mak- freeing of men and women from oppres-
blockaders join together to guarantee other minorities whose experiences have
ing jokes when it’s time to share sive sex role conditioning, from subtle as
safety during arrest and/or placement in been overlooked will improve our pro-
personal feelings. well as blatant forms of male supremacy,
the general jail population. Our unity can cess by encouraging a diversity of people
prevent the prison authorities from using to participate. • Seeking attention and support from
(adapted from an article by Bill Moyer)
by the Non-Nuclear Family AG women while competing with men.
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