2007 Nebraska Asphalt Paving Conference

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                                                                                   Nebraska Local Technical Assistance Program
Volume 21 - Issue I                                                                                                               Winter/Spring 2007

   Inside This Issue:                                      2007 Nebraska Asphalt Paving Conference
                                                                         by Bob Hyberger, LTAP Staff
2007 Asphalt Conf.          1-2
                                                                                                 could find information on various products ranging
NE Concrete Conf.           4               On February13th the Fifty First Annual Ne-           from heavy equipment to drainage structures to
                                        braska Asphalt Paving Conference was held at the         base stabilization products.
You Show Us                 6           Kearney Nebraska Holiday Inn Conference Center.
                                                   Approximately 200 people from the pav-                 Relevant keynote speakers has also
Highway Safety in                       ing industry in Nebraska attended inspite of the         been a contributing factor to the interest in attend-
America                    8-12         troublesome traveling conditions due to a severe         ing the Nebraska Asphalt Paving Conference.
                                        winter storm the day before the conference began.        This year was definately no exception!
Snow Roadeo                13           The storm laid a beautiful blanket of approximately
                                        6 inches in many areas of the state and then the
                                        mighty Nebraska wind caused much drifting. Ah
                                        yes, we are in Nebraska. Unfortunately many
                                        people planning on attending the conference also
Web Site: www.unl.edu/NE_LTAP           have the responsibility of the safety of the traveling
                                        public - - a special thanks to the snow fighters that
Email: ne-ltap@unl.edu
                                        made our attendance possible.

                                                  The format of utilizing break out sessions
                                        and the attitude of something for everyone has
     NE LTAP ADVISORY BOARD             been a contributing factor in the success of this
Curt Beck, Executive Director,
                                        conference. We have watched the Asphalt Confer-                            (Above)
 NE AGC Heavy Highway Chapter           ence attendance grow every year. The three main                     The keynote speaker this year was Major
                                        topics focus toward engineering, construction,           General Roger P. Lempke, Adjutent General of the
Doug Broderick, Executive Director,     and maintenance. This format allows attendees to         Nebraska National Guard. Major General Lempke
Nebraska Concrete Paving Association
                                        choose topics that are most important to them.           stated that he was not at the Asphalt conference
Stephen Burnham, NE Division                                                                     necessarily to comment on roads. He was primar-
LTAP Liaison, Federal Highway Admin.              The 15 presenters at this year’s confer-       ily there to commend Nebraskans on the way
Russell Daehling, Highway
                                        ence covered a variety of topics. A brief recap of       they raised their sons and daughters. He went
Superintendent, Seward County           the topics discussed include; Cindy Veys with the        on to say that those sons and daughters in the
                                        Nebraska Department of Roads talked about the            Nebraska National Guard were all soldiers with
Raymond Hogrefe,Vice President,         2006 construction season and the environmental           a strong work ethic and are proud of where they
Jebro, Inc.
                                        issues faced by the NDOR and their construc-             were raised.
Don Jiracek, Highway Superintendent,    tion contractors. Mark Brown with Asphalt Zipper
Boyd County                             addressed full depth recycling and base stabiliza-                 A very important part of the Conference
Terry McArthur, P.E..., HDR-Omaha
                                        tion and the common problems associated with             is the recognition by NDOR of new construction
                                        city streets. A session for the material suppliers       projects that excelled in all expectations .
Raymond K. Moore , Associate Dean for   covered the proper method of plant material opera-
Omaha Based Programs, UN-L              tions and material handling, presented by Tim                               Excellence in Hot Mix Asphalt
Dalyce Ronnau, Maintenance Engineer,    Murphy of Murphy Pavement Technology.                                       Pavement Awards:
                                                 Not all sessions covered the engineering,
Larry Shafer, Government Affairs
Manager, NDOR
                                        construction and maintenance aspects of the as-          “Overlays of two or more lifts” Award: – 2 winners
                                        phalt industry. Dan Cady, Director of the Nebraska       Beatrice East; S-136-6(1012) NDOR District 1 by
Gary Story, Street Commissioner,        LTAP, presented a pre-conference session on              Constructors Inc.
City of Kearney                         Highway Watch. The primary focus of the program
Tim Weander, Dist. 2 Eng., NDOR         provides proper tools to enable transportation pro-
                                        fessionals to assist in keeping America’s highways
Edward Wootton, County Highway          safe and secure. About 25 participants received
Superintendents’ Association
                                        their Highway Watch certification.
Jereme Montgomery, Director
NE Conc. & Agg. Assoc.                            In addition to the numerous presenters
                                        at this year’s conference there were 30 exhibitors
                                        representing 15 companies. Conference goers
Volume 21 - Issue I                                                                                                                         Page 2

 L-R: Steve Clancy - Constructors Inc.;Mark Traynowicz - NDOR; Jeff      banquet of some type. Where it is impor tant to notice a job well
Boettcher - Constructors, Inc.                                           done on a new project, it is just as important to recognize a job
                                                                         well done in the maintenance and upkeep of existing inventory.
Newport – O’Neill; MGA-NH-20-3(111) NDOR District 8 by Werner
Construction Inc.                                                                   The Nebraska LTAP would like to recognize all of the
                                                                         personal who have been involved with maintenance. Whether
                                                                         it is a vehicle or a road project; you have kept it running,
                                                                         smoothed the rough edges, and extended the life of many
                                                                         things. Your preventative maintenance has allowed the new
                                                                         projects to continue.

    L - R: Mark Kovar - NDOR, Brian Broderick - Werner Const.,
 Unknown - Werner Const., Eric Hunsley - Werner Const., Alan Kimberly
- Werner Const.

“Smoothest Pavement” Award:
Oconto South; PEP-21-2(1016) NDOR District 6 by Werner Con-
struction Inc.                                                           Happy 140th Birthday Nebraska 1867 - 2007!
                                                                         Where is the world’s largest open-air aviary with exotic birds from all
                                                                         over the world? - Omaha’s Henry Doorly Zoo

                                                                         Where is the world’s 2nd largest collection of ancient elephant fos-
                                                                         sils located? - Morrill Hall, UNL City Campus

                                                                         Where is the world’s largest porch swing located and how many
                                                                         adults can sit in it at one time? - Hebron, 25 adults

                                                                         Where is the only church with pews that switch from Catholic ser-
                                                                         vices at one end and Protestant services at the other end located?
  L - R: Ken Tuma - NDOR, Delos Warriner - Werner, J.R. Kile - Werner,   - Keystone
Dave Hansen - NDOR, John Beavers - NDOR, Eric Hunsley - Werner
Alan Kimberly - Werner, Dennsi White - NDOR                              Where is the world’s largest hand-planted forest located? - Halsey
                                                                         National Forest near Halsey

“Lasting Impression” Award:                                              Where is the world’s only museum dedicated to Fur Trading lo-
N14, US-20 to N-59 NDOR District 3 by Dobson Brothers                    cated? - Museum of the Fur Trade near Chadron
                                                                         What was the first fort constructed west of the Missouri River? - Fort
                                                                         Atkinson near Blair

                                                                         The World’s largest railroad classification complex is located
                                                                         where? - Bailey Yards in North Platte

                                                                         Who was the most highly paid executive woman and her home-
                                                                         town? - Evelyne Broadstone, later known as Lady Vestey From

                                                                         World-famous architect, Edward Durrell Stone, designed what mu-
                                                                         seum in Nebraska? - Stuhr Museum near Grand Island

 L - R: Unknown - Dobson Brothers, Jim Miller - NDOR                     Which state park was a World War II German P.O.W. camp? - Fort
         Each year many new construction projects are com-
pleted through out Nebraska. Some of those projects excel in all                   I can’t varify the accuracy since this is borrowed from an
                                                                         email, author unknown! I thought it was interesting and worth noting!
expectations and receive special recognition at a conference or
                                                                         More to follow in future issues!! . . . the Editor
Volume 21 - Issue I                                                                                                           Page 3

 From the Communication Office of the Nebraska Department of Roads

 May 7, 2007

 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE:                New Highway and Street Superintendents Licensed

 Lincoln -- 5 persons successfully completed the April 6, 2007 examination and are now licensed by the Board of Examiners for County
 Highway and City Street Superintendents.

 Licensed as City Street Superintendent are Monte Clark of Broken Bow and Bradford Colvin of Bellevue.

 Licensed as County Highway Superintendent are Robert Miller of Pawnee City and Mark Timmerman of Belvidere.

 Licensed as both County Highway Superintendent and City Street Superintendent is Dennis Smith of Lincoln.

 Clark is the Street Superintendent for the City of Broken Bow.

 Colvin is a Building Inspector for the City of Bellevue.

 Miller is the Assistant Highway Superintendent for Pawnee County.

 Timmerman is a Bridge Foreman for Thayer County.

 Smith is the Senior Program Coordinator for the Nebraska Local Technical Assistance Program (NE-LTAP).

 The next examination will be held October 5, 2007 with an application deadline of August 13, 2007.

 Applications can be obtained by contacting the Board of Examiners, P.O. Box 94759, Lincoln, Nebraska 68509, (402) 479-4607, and
 by consulting the website listed below.

 Also recently licensed were:

 Larry Sample, of Falls City, licensed as a City Street Superintendent; and James Moreau, of Holdrege, and Thomas Harvat, of Omaha,
 licensed as both County Highway Superintendent and City Street Superintendent.

 Sample is the Public Works Superintendent for the City of Falls City.

 Moreau is an Associate Engineer for Olsson Associates.

 Harvat is an Office Manager for Veenstra and Kimm, Inc.

 Registered Professional Engineers (P.E.) are licensed by equivalency.

 Superintendents are qualified to administer city and county street and road programs, including: preparing one- and six-year improve-
 ment plans, assisting in preparing annual budgets and financial reports, supervising the annual program for roadway design, construc-
 tion and maintenance, and coordinating plans with adjacent counties and cities and with the Nebraska Department of Roads.

 Additional information about the licensing program is available at the Nebraska Department of Roads, Government Affairs Division
 website, www.nebraskatransportation.org/gov-aff/index.htm.

 For additional information contact:
 LeMoyne Schulz (402) 479-4436.
 Volume 21 - Issue I                                                                                                      Page 4

             28th Annual Nebraska Concrete Paving Workshop                                   by Dennis Smith, NE LTAP

  The 28th annual Nebraska Concrete Paving Association
(NCPA) Workshop was held at the Cornhusker hotel in Lincoln on
January 17-18, 2007. Attendance was high with 275 attendees
pre-registered. A good mix of state, city and county employees
were on hand along with numerous consultants, contractors and
material and equipment suppliers.

   NCPA executive director, Doug Broderick kicked off the con-
ference followed by a State of the State presentation by NDOR
director John Craig. A total of 17 different presentations were on
the agenda over the length of the two day conference.

  The awards luncheon saw numerous winners in various paving
projects across the state. The awards tour committee consisted          Urban Streets: South 84th St. – Kathy Lane to Cheney
of: Doug Broderick, Tim Hegeholz (Ash Grove Cement), Andy               Ridge Road: Lincoln, NE Contractor: Pavers Inc.
Dearmont (NDOR) and Dennis Smith (LTAP).

           Concrete Paving category winners:

                                                                          3rd Street Paving Improvements: Hampton, NE
                                                                          Contractor: A&R Construction Co. (Former NCPA Director
                                                                          Doug Broderick with Tim Hegaholtz

Interstate Highways and Expressways: US-81, York North and              (Doug Broderick announced at the end of the conference
South Contractor: Dobson Brothers Const. Co.                         that he was stepping down from his position with the NCPA to
                                                                     accept a position with Peter Kiewit, Inc. in Omaha. Doug
                                                                     served the Nebraska Concrete Paving Association for the past
                                                                     5 years. )
Concrete Pavement Rehabilitation: Tecumseh South
Contractor: Dobson Brothers Const. Co.

               (No Photo Available)

                                                                       Airports: Searle Field Airport – Runway 13/31:
                                                                       Ogallala, NE Contractor: Paulsen, Inc.

Secondary State Highways and County Roads: Elm Creek South
Contractor: Paulsen, Inc.
 Volume 21 - Issue I                                                                                                                   Page 5

     28th Annual Nebraska Concrete Paving                                                SUMMER MEETING - Nebraska Association of
           Workshop, continued                                                   County Engineers, Highway Superintendents and Surveyors

                                                                                               2007 SUMMER MEETING AGENDA

                                                                                 LOCATION: HOLIDAY INN & CONFERENCE CENTER
                                                                                           664 Chase Blvd.; Sidney, NE 69162
                                                                                           Telephone Number: 308-254-2000

                                                                                 DATES:            June 12, 13, 14, 2007

                                                                                 TUESDAY, JUNE 12, 2007

                                                                                 10:00am Horse Turd Tournament (Hillside Golf Course)
                                                                                              Rick Meter & Don Thomas
                                                                                 4:30pm Registration
                                                                                 5:30pm President’s Reception at the Holiday Inn
     Central Nebraska Regional Airport: Grand Island, NE
     Contractor: Paulsen, Inc.
                                                                                 WEDNESDAY, JUNE 13, 2007

                                                                                 8:00am     Registration
                                                                                 9:00am     Welcome by Gary Person – Sidney City Manager/
                                                                                                                        Economic Del. Dir
                                                                                 9:15am     M.I.P.S.                 Matt Thieman - M.I.P.S.
                                                                                 9:45am     N.B.I. Compliance Activity Update
                                                                                            Steve Anderson – NDOR

                                                                                 10:15am        BREAK
                                                                                 10:30am Bridge File Contents    Greg Kolle - FHWA
                                                                                 11:00am Environmental Compliance Cindy Veys - NDOR
                                                                                         Issues & Solutions Joan Darling – Olsson Assoc.
     Parking Lots and other Misc. Paving: Cabalas Parking Lot:                   12:00am NOON LUNCHEON           Holiday Inn
     Lavista, NE. Contractor: Andrus Enterprises, Inc.                           1:15pm Signing Vic Larson - NDOR Traffic Engr Dist 6
                                                                                 1:45 pm Update on New Regulations
                                (end)                                                     Jason Clancy - NIRMA
                                                                                 2:15pm         BREAK
FATALITIES: STATEWIDE INSTALLATION OF MEDIAN CABLE                               2:30 pm     Legislative Update    Larry Dix - NACO
BARRIER IN MISSOURI                                                              3:00pm      Liaison LeMoyne Schulz – BC&S
                                                                                 3:30pm      New Right-of-Way Procedures
http://www.trb.org/news/blurb_detail.asp?id=7442                                             Roxanne Sullivan – NDOR
                                                                                 4:00pm      Adjourn
    Thirty years ago, a driver crossing the median of an Interstate roadway      5:30 pm     Happy Hour            Holiday Inn
had a good chance of crossing over the opposing lanes without conflict.           6:00 pm           Dinner
Today, according to Missouri data, a motorist crossing the median is more
likely to collide with another vehicle, and the chances are high that the op-    THURSDAY, JUNE 14, 2007
posing vehicle will be a large truck.
   To address this issue the Missouri Department of Transportation (DOT)         9:00am      T2 Update
research several options and decided to install a median cable barrier
                                                                                             Dan Cady, Dennis Smith, Bob Hyberger, Don Neary
system on I-70 and on other Missouri Interstates. When the cable is struck,
the posts yield and the cable deflects up to 12 feet, effectively catching and    9:30am      Local Liaison Leroy Juengel
decelerating the vehicle and keeping it in the median. The installation of       10:00am     Business Meeting
median cable barrier costs $60,000 to $100,000 per mile, depending on the
amount of grading work required. After the cable is installed, the mainte-          Professional Development points for highway and city
nance costs range from $6,000 to $10,000 per mile per year, depending on
                                                                                 street superintendent licensing have been pre-approved for
the frequency of hits.
   An internal Missouri DOT study determined that the cable catches 95 per-      parts of this workshop.
cent of vehicles entering the median and keeps the vehicles from entering
the opposing lanes. On Interstate 70, which links Kansas City and St. Louis,               To sign up for this event contact:
the number of cross-median fatalities had been increasing, reaching a peak                 Dawn Miller
of 24 motorists killed in 2002. The installation of 179 miles of median cable              Adams County Highway Department
barrier on the freeway has nearly eliminated cross-median roadway deaths.                  P.O. Box 983
                                                                                           Hastings, NE 68902-0983
  In 2006, only two cross-median fatalities occurred on Interstate 70, a stag-
                                                                                           (402) 461-7172 (v) (402) 461-7171(f)
gering 92 percent decrease.
  Volume 21 - Issue I                                                                                                         Page 6

          Scotts Bluff County Winner for 2006 You Show Us Contest - by Bob Hyberger, NE LTAP

   Seven Nebraska Counties were represented at the Annual
Road Advisors Conference at Rapid City, South Dakota in October
2006. The two-day five-state conference had many great topics
for area low volume roads. One high light of the conference is
the You Show Us Contest. Counties from Nebraska, Colorado,
Wyoming, North Dakota, and South Dakota compete for the title
of regional winner. Truth is every one wins when agencies share
their cost saving ideas with each other.

   If your agency has implemented a solution for a specific prob-
lem, we would like to hear from you so we can share your idea.
Your cost saving idea does not have to be a shop built equipment
item. There are a lot of great road process and management
ideas out there as well! Any one of them could be implemented by
another agency to make the job safer, save budget dollars or just
work smarter.

   Following are a few pictures of last years winners. If you would
like more information on any of these projects or have any ques-
                                                                           Wyoming winner: Cattle guard base forms
tions on how to submit a project from your agency, give our office
                                                                           Goshen County estimates about a $60,000/yr savings by
a call.                                                                    building their own cattle guard base forms.

 Retractable truck bed extention submitted by Rick Meter
 and Toby Tyler for Scotts Bluff County was selected as
 the Nebraska state winner for the 2006 You Show Us                          North Dakota Winner: Chip seal solution
 Contest.                                                                    Burleigh County is using this method for chip sealing
                                                                             which has helped reduce bleeding and and less broken

                                                                      South Dakota Winner and the You Show us over all Winner:
                                                                      Douglas County, SD - binder application
Volume 21 - Issue I                                                                                                           Page 7

                      Scotts Bluff County Winner for 2006 You Show Us Contest - continued

                                                                                          Colorado Winner:
                                                                            Garbage bale hauling solution Phillips County

  Problem: Safety issue conserns. Gravel road with high traffic
volumes of but no funding to hard surface the road. Extensive
washboarding and loose gravel accumulating in wheel tracks. 6
mile section with traffic counts of 100 adt and 340 adt at either
end. Plenty of gravel on road surface (no need for more gravel).
above pictures before project.

  Solution: Need for more binder. Added 200 tons of clay per            We encourage everyone to submit a project, it is a great way
mile. Worked into existing material with motor graders. Being        to share your ideas with other agencies through out our state as
worked during drought conditions but did get two inches of rain      well as our neighboring states.
during project, worked fair.
                                                                        All participating Nebraska counties entries will be published in
  Costs: Labor = $2500, Equipment = $4500, Material = $5050          our newsletter. The Nebraska LTAP will pay for motel expenses
Total Costs = $11,500                                                and conference registration for one county employee to represent
                                                                     the Nebraska state winner at the 2007 County Road Advisors
  Results: 200 tons of clay binder versus 1,000 tons of gravel per   Conference on October 17-18 where the state and regional
mile. Reduced blading by one half from 2002 - 2005. Total savings    awards will be presented.
$25,000 Plus Increased Safety
                                                                                           The Rules:

                                                                       Entries should be no longer than two typewritten pages
                                                                     and should include the following.
                                                                          1) County Information – County Name,
                                                                             Contact Person, and Contact Information
                                                                          2) Problem Statement
                                                                          3) Discussion of Solution
                                                                          4) Costs – Materials, Labor
                                                                          5) Savings/Benefits
                                                                          6) Pictures Encouraged if applicable

                                                                                     For additional information contact:
                                                                                            Bob Hyberger
                                                                                          Ph: 402-472-5748
                                                                                      E-mail: rhyberger2@unl.edu

                                                                         Mark your calendar:

                                                                              Annual Road Advisors Conference - October
                                                                         17th and 18th, 2007 - Rapid City, South Dakota
       Above: picture shows road that has not been bladed for
       over one month).
Volume 21 - Issue I                                                                                                                 Page 8

                                    Highway Safety in America by Kathleen Holst
                          reprinted with the permission of Better Roads Magazine, www.BeterRoads.com

                                                                          One important element in the new legislation requires each
    What’s Possible? What’s Practical?                                 state to develop a State Highway Safety Plan that identifies and
             What’s Next?                                              analyzes safety problems and opportunities. The plan must be
                                                                       data-driven and must set priorities to reduce crashes, prevent
                                                                       injuries, and save lives.

                                                                          Safety improvements need to focus on the motor vehicle and
                                                                       driver behavior, as well as the roadway itself.

                                                                          Motor vehicles in the U.S. have become safer with air bags,
                                                                       anti-lock brakes, and rigorous crash standards, and there will
                                                                       continue to be ways to improve with better technology. In terms of
                                                                       driver behavior, seatbelt use has reached record numbers, though
                                                                       we still have a long way to go: Almost two-thirds of the 5,135 driv-
                                                                       ers and passengers ages 15 to 20 who were killed in crashes in
                                                                       2004 were not buckled up.

Tracks show where a semi tractor/trailer crossed the median on I-
57 in Illinois.?The semi was redirected upright and there were no                  Jessica Bacon survives a head-on crash.
injuries due to the cable barrier installed just months earlier.
                                                                          As for the roadway itself, data collection by states is pinpointing
  This much we know: Safer roads means saving lives and                the frequency of crashes, and subsequent analysis will identify
reducing injuries.                                                     necessary solutions to reduce the number of crashes. For ex-
                                                                       ample, 57% of all fatal crashes happened on rural roads in
   We need to bring the nation’s death and personal injury tolls       2004, and nearly 90% of those rural fatalities occurred on two-
down. In 2005, roadway fatalities exceeded 43,000 and about 3          lane roads. Simple, low-cost solutions can do a lot to reduce this
million people were injured. According to the American Associa-        problem. For example, studies show that post-mounted delinea-
tion of State Highway and Transportation Officials’ Strategic High-     tors and chevrons, which warn drivers of an approaching curve
way Safety Plan, unless there is a change in crash rates, 6 out of     and provide guidance, can reduce run-off-the-road crashes by
10 children born today will be injured in motor vehicle crashes        58% and 31%, respectively. Data collected by states and sub-
during their lifetimes and 1 in 84 will die violently on roadways.     sequent implementation of safety countermeasures can vastly
                                                                       improve crash rates on our nation’s roadways.
   Overall, state and federal transportation officials are aiming to
reduce the rate from 1.5 to no more than 1.0 fatalities per 100-          So, based on what we know, I believe industry stakeholders
million vehicle miles traveled by 2008. This translates to a reduc-    have their work cut out for them. From legislation, policy mak-
tion annually of about 9,000 fatalities.                               ing, and implementation of safety countermeasures in a variety
                                                                       of ways, never before has the industry been more energized and
   The federal transportation bill, SAFETEA-LU, authorizes a new       more equipped to make a difference in reducing the death and
core federal-aid funding program to achieve a significant reduc-        injury toll on our nation’s roadways.
tion in traffic fatalities and serious injuries on our country’s most
dangerous roadways. It is the first legislation of its kind in terms
of funding levels and its emphasis on specific roadway safety
                                                                                        What’s possible?
improvements. Funding levels are still not where they should be,
                                                                         What would we do to improve highway safety if we had all the
but one thing is clear — Congress has recognized the need for
                                                                       financial resources we needed? For safety experts, this would
further action.
                                                                       open the door to a laundry list of high-ticket construction and
                                                                       design changes in roadways, as well as training and research
Volume 21 - Issue I                                                                                                                Page 9

                                                Highway Safety in America, continues
   initiatives. Here is a sampling of efforts that would reduce crashes:   work zone merging, motorist re-routing, intersection safety,
   * Removal and relocation of objects in hazardous locations, flat-        and incident managemen Many of these safety initiatives are
   tening severe horizontal curves, eliminating pavement edge/shoul-       used to a degree on our national highway system right now, but
   der drop-offs, and paving and widening shoulders.                       the extent to which they are deployed leaves room for improve-
   * Incorporation of the extensive use of roadway design features                         What’s Practical?
   to help reduce the severity of crashes. Crashworthy roadside
   hardware includes modern traffic barriers and terminals, crash             So what can we do with the funding we have available right
   cushions, bridge railings, and work zone devices all designed and       now?
   tested to minimize the impact of crashes.
                                                                              There are practical solutions that are soundly based on
   * Increase in the nationwide use of roadway engineering-related         research, case studies, and in turn, strategic areas of focus
   improvements that are proven effective in reducing the potential for    by states as their Strategic Highway Safety Plans continue to
   crashes and the severity of crashes when they occur. With a focus       evolve. These solutions are available now and produce sound,
   on roadway departures, intersection crashes, and pedestrian-re-         measurable, and permanent results at a lower cost, and they
   lated crashes, these improvements would include better illumina-        are all aimed at our overall goal of reducing fatalities and inju-
   tion, better signing, wider pavement markings (to a minimum of          ries.
   6 inches), delineation, traffic signal upgrading, and rumble strip
   installation.                                                              Rural Roads. In 2004, rural roads accounted for 57% of all
                                                                           fatal crashes. Contributing factors to crashes on secondary
                                                                           roads include sharp curves, no shoulders, no pavement mark-
                                                                           ings, and poor signage. Last year, a guide offering solutions to
                                                                           these maladies was developed through a joint effort by ATSSA,
                                                                           the Texas Transportation Institute, and the National Association
                                                                           of County Engineers. Low Cost Local Road Safety Solutions
                                                                           gives local road managers 17 low-cost solutions that can yield
                                                                           tremendous cost-benefit ratios.

                                                                              One such solution comes from a Mendocino County (Califor-
                                                                           nia) Highway Department case study in which a systematic
                                                                           approach for identifying deficiencies in signage and markings
                                                                           on their arterial and collector roadways was adopted. Improve-
                                                                           ments were then implemented in conformance with current
                                                                           Caltrans standards. Early efforts concentrated on improving
                                                                           signing for curves, replacing engineer grade signs with high
                      * Per 100 million vehicle miles traveled.            intensity sheeting, and eliminating nonstandard signing. Com-
                                                                           parisons of crash data before and after improvements revealed
   * Unlimited research and development to study roadway depar-            that the number of crashes fell by 42%, fatalities were down
   ture prevention and mitigation, safety management, intersection         61%, and injuries decreased 42%.
   improvement, and pedestrian protection.
                                                                              Intersections. Intersections account for more than 45% of
   * Extensive training for officials (including local road agencies)       all crashes nationwide. With different crossing and entering
   and designers in applying human factor principles to resolve high-      movements by both drivers and pedestrians, an intersection
   way design, operations, and safety issues.                              is one of the most complex traffic situations that motorists
                                                                           encounter. Add elements of speed, impaired drivers, and impa-
   * Increased law enforcement throughout the system, particularly         tient motorists who disregard traffic systems and the dangers
   in work zones.                                                          are compounded. Additionally, signal timing problems, roadside
                                                                           obstructions, sight line problems, traffic volumes, poor sign and
   * Engineering and construction of safe intersections with a focus       pavement visibility, and weather all contribute to high crash
   on preventing red light running, for example.                           rates.

   * Extensive air time and media coverage to deliver effective na-           Missouri DOT’s safety plan identifies countermeasures at un-
   tional public awareness campaigns which influence attitudes and          signalized intersections. These include adding stop approach
   behaviors. An example is programs aimed at teen drivers to buckle       rumble strips, signage and intersection visibility enhancements,
   up and the consequences of impaired driving.                            sight distance improvements, use of dynamic flashing beacons,
                                                                           and intersection lighting enhancements. Other measures at sig-
   * Congestion mitigation to reduce crashes by adding lane miles          nalized areas include increased enforcement, red-light-running
   to address capacity issues well into the future.                        camera installations, enhanced warning signs/signals at certain
                                                                           highway/rail at-grade crossings, and roadway user education
   *   Expanded use of intelligent transportation systems to aid in        on intersection traffic controls.
Volume 21 - Issue I                                                                                                                  Page 10

                                         Highway Safety in America, continues
                                                                      are more visible than the last generation products, and roadway
                                                                      hardware designed to lessen the severity of a crash. Whatever
                                                                      the advancement, the entire safety industry must work together
                                                                      to achieve the common good.

Left to right: Kathleen Holst, ATSSA President; Mary Peters, FHWA
Administrator; and Congressman James Oberstar (D-MN) were
featured speakers at the 2004 National Work Zone Awareness Week
press conference.                                                           Driver Fatalities and Drivers Involved in Fatal Crashes Among 15-
                                                                      to 20-Year Olds
   Illinois DOT’s safety plan includes the use of alternative de-
signs such as roundabouts, increasing law enforcement                   Cable median barriers. Median crossover crashes often
at high crash locations, and installation of illuminated street       result in fatalities or severe injuries to occupants of the errant
signs.                                                                vehicle and to the motorists in the opposing traffic lanes.

   Lane Departures. Roadway departure fatalities, which                  One of the most effective solutions to this problem on roads
include run-off-the-road and head-on fatalities, are a serious        with sufficient median width is a cable median barrier. Although
problem in the United States, accounting for more than half of all    cable barriers have been used since the 1960s, it was not until
roadway fatalities. There are many contributing factors. Driver       the 1980s that some states started using a modified cable rail as
fatigue and drowsiness are often involved. In other cases, driv-      a median barrier. New data suggest that cable median barriers
ers are inattentive, careless, or distracted, and drift out of the    are an effective mechanism for preventing fatal and disabling
lane and off the road. Visibility also is an issue. The majority of   crashes. In Washington, for example, annual cross-median
accidents happen at night and on rural highways which are             fatal crashes declined from 3.00 to 0.33 fatalities per 100-million
not as well lit as urban roadways. Inclement weather also can         miles of vehicle travel after cable median barriers were installed,
decrease the visibility of pavement markings.                         while annual disabling accidents went from 3.60 to 1.76.

   Rumble strips are a proven, cost-effective way to help prevent        ITS Technology. The use of Intelligent Transportation Sys-
roadway departure crashes. Rumble strips placed on the shoul-         tems in work zones means informed motorists and fewer
der or edge line are used to alert drivers that they are leaving      crashes. The increasing maintenance and rehabilitation of our
the traveled lane. The Virginia DOT experimented with continu-        aging infrastructure, combined with the growing travel and con-
ous shoulder rumble strips on the 917-mile interstate highway         gestion on our roads, heightens the need for finding new ways to
system from 1997 to 2000. During this project, run-off-the-road       enhance mobility and safety in and around work zones.
crashes were reduced by 51.5%, saving an estimated 52 lives
and 1,085 injuries.                                                      Forward-looking transportation agencies across the country
                                                                      are using ITS to make travel safer and more efficient with mobile
  A case study done by the Mississippi DOT revealed that              traffic monitoring and management systems that employ the
shoulder and edge-line rumble strips on two-lane roadways             use of electronics and communications equipment. This, in turn,
reduced run-off-the-road crashes by 25%.                              allows agencies to monitor traffic flow and provide delay and
                                                                      routing information to drivers and highway agency personnel. ITS
   Pavement markings over rumble strips, known as rumble              for intersection safety is gaining new ground with a system being
stripes, improve pavement marking visibility. The marking is          developed to help drivers avoid crashes at intersections. In
more visible at night and during wet conditions versus a stan-        partnership with auto manufacturers and state and local DOTs,
dard flat line of the same marking material. The enhanced visual       this technology will pursue optimized vehicle-roadway commu-
coupled with the audible warning of this stripes and strips combi-    nication systems designed to address the full set of intersection
nation can greatly aid motorists if a lane departure occurs.          crash problems.

   Advancements in Safety Technologies. Private industry is              Illumination and Visibility. Increasing the visibility of roadway
working with the government to make our roadways safer.               pavement markings and signs is an important method of prevent-
Examples of these contributions include traffic devices that are       ing roadway departure crashes. Retroreflectivity or illumination of
crashworthy and efficient, reflective sheeting and markings that        these markings and signs is what helps drivers navigate the road
                                                                      during nighttime hours, thereby enhancing traffic flow and driver
Volume 21 - Issue I                                                                                                                   Page 11

                                      Highway Safety in America, continues
mobility. New standards are being considered for signs and               hopes the contestants also issue stern work-zone reminders to
markings that establish minimum levels of retroreflectivity for           Mom and Dad when they travel in the car with them, too.
state and local governments that will bring their road systems in
compliance and ultimately reduce crash rates. Product advanc-               National Work Zone Awareness Week has brought a new
es in sheeting and pavement-marking conspicuity by manufac-              level of consciousness about work-zone dangers across the
turers ensure greater visibility into the future.                        country, and through my own personal experience with those
                                                                         events, I have witnessed the compassion felt for those persons
                                                                         who have lost loved ones in work zones and who are brave
                                                                         enough to share their stories in the hopes that other lives may
                                                                         be saved. Additionally, enforcing speed limits and other rules of
                                                                         the road in work zones needs to take precedence, as in Illinois
                                                                         where photo enforcement vans cruise work zones and take
                                                                         photos of speeders.

                                                                            Older Drivers. Today, 1 in 8 Americans are 65 or older. By
                                                                         2030 that number is expected to be 1 in 5. Clearly, transporta-
                                                                         tion professionals must take measures to make the roadway
                                                                         environment safer for seniors who are coping with diminishing
                                                                         vision, cognitive abilities, and motor skills, especially those over
                                                                         80 years of age.

                                                                            In addition to making roadways more forgiving through ad-
                                                                         vancements in highway lighting, striping, and engineering
                                                                         practices, the state of California intends to employ four other
    This photo shows the use of edge-line rumble strips and stripes in   strategies to reduce older-driver crashes:
    Lamar County, Mississippi.                                              1. Improve the validity of driver licensing procedures to as-
                                                                         sure behind-the-wheel capabilities of seniors.
                                                                            2. Train traffic police to recognize older driver behaviors that
   The visibility of workers is also a vital responsibility, so we
                                                                         may recommend seeking priority re-examinations.
see more and more use of safety vests that meet
                                                                            3. Develop public education materials and other tactics that
higher standards of reflectivity.
                                                                         explain how the aging process affects driving and what others
                                                                         can do (i.e., families, friends) to help seniors either drive safely
   Work Zone Safety. Public Agencies and service providers
                                                                         or transition comfortably to other forms of transportation.
of temporary traffic control and protection are faced with the
                                                                            4. Seek cooperation and coordination with transit agencies
challenge of protecting motorists, workers, and others with
                                                                         to make transportation options more accommodating for those
minimum disruption to the flow of traffic. Today’s technology
                                                                         who can no longer drive.
has made available devices of greater reflectivity, LED lights,
arrowboards, and other appurtenances that give motorists more
                                                                         Younger Drivers. In 2003, teens (ages 15 to 20) accounted for
effective advanced warnings. Motorists can also be afforded a
                                                                         almost 64% of all traffic fatalities, yet this same group only rep-
greater period of time within which to make decisions on navi-
                                                                         resented 6.4% of the drivers involved in these crashes. Speed
gating the work zones with the use of changeable message
                                                                         typically plays a role in about 40% of crash deaths for 16-year-
boards that can provide real time information. And industry
                                                                         olds. Nearly two-thirds of teens died in single-vehicle collisions,
stakeholders continue to take on the challenge of making work
                                                                         many involving a tree or some other fixed object. Altering a
zones safer by developing new technologies with innovation in
                                                                         simple behavior — getting teens to buckle up — would save
the forefront.
                                                                         many lives. Lack of experience and peer pressure are often the
                                                                         ingredients for these tragedies.
   Service providers and agencies alike must continue to take
responsibilities in training workers, training that continues to
                                                                            Many believe that if you want to change youth behavior, you
improve and continues to gain attention. The Federal Highway
                                                                         must pursue those changes through their own peer group;
Administration recently awarded grants of more than $17 million
                                                                         involving teens who have experienced a crash is compel-
to develop and provide training nationwide, a huge step in that
                                                                         ling. Other ways include public information programs such as
shared responsibility.
                                                                         Georgia’s Click it or Ticket Ad Campaign which won awards
                                                                         for its dramatization of a teen survivor whose friend was killed
  And while we’re at it, we must educate the public as well.
                                                                         with the force of her unrestrained body during an impact. Better
Motorists hold their own lives and the lives of our workers in
                                                                         training with graduated drivers licensing will help. Nearly every
their hands. Local and national public awareness campaigns
                                                                         state has a version of this teen licensing system that imposes
that warn motorists of dangers in work zones can deliver real
                                                                         several restrictions on 16- and 17-year-old drivers, then eases
results. ATSSA’s Poster Contest teaches children about work
                                                                         those limits as they gain experience and keep a clean record.
zones in the hopes that they will recall what they’ve learned
when they themselves get behind the wheel. The organization
Volume 21 - Issue I                                                                                                                  Page 12

                                       Highway Safety in America, continues
     Most likely it will take a combination of tougher laws,         retroreflectivity requirements.
intense local efforts by schools, law enforcement, peers, and           * Funding a program to train local officials on safety solu-
parents to reduce teen driving fatalities. As the mother of an 18-   tions.
year-old driver, as well as a 14-year-old who can’t wait to share       * Standardized collection and reporting of nationwide fatality
that privilege, the answers can’t be found soon enough for me.       and crash data, and include law enforcement in the develop-
   Pedestrians and Bicyclists. Non-motorized travelers are              * Development of congestion mitigation programs that in-
particularly at risk when mixed with vehicular traffic. According     clude ITS components and technology that enables agencies
to National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, on average, a      to reconfigure existing roadways with reversible lanes, contra-
pedestrian is injured in a traffic crash every 8 minutes. In 2003,    flow and managed-lane strategies to increase their efficiency,
4,749 pedestrians were killed and approximately 70,000 injured       reduce traffic bottlenecks/delays, and improve safety.
due to traffic crashes. Also in 2003, 622 bicyclists were killed         * Improved communications between vehicles and the road
and approximately 46,000 injured due to traffic crashes. Almost       and vice-versa.
one-fourth of the children between the ages of 5 and 9 involved         * Encouragement of states to share real-time traffic informa-
in 2003 traffic crashes were pedestrians, and more than one-          tion.
fifth of the bicyclists killed were between the ages of 5 and 15.
                                                                        We have our work cut out for us, but every year our industry
   SAFETEA-LU created The Safe Routes to Schools Program,            takes another step or two in the right direction toward saving
a nationally funded program at $612 million to be administer         lives. It takes the involvement of all stakeholders and a great
ed by State DOTs. Improving the ability of primary and middle        deal of resources, but I think we’ll start to see amazing results
school students to walk and bicycle to school safely is the          as we move toward zero fatalities. BR
primary goal. Promoting a healthy and active lifestyle from an
early age is also a purpose of the program. States are focusing
on a number of strategies to accomplish these goals through
infrastructure projects (engineering improvements) and
non-infrastructure related activities, such as education, enforce-
ment, and encouragement programs. A wealth of information is
available on strategies through publications such as ATSSA’s
recent Putting Safety in the Safe Routes To School Program: A
School Administrator’s Guide.

                      What’s Next
    Over the next couple of years, as we utilize the tools pro-
vided in SAFETEA-LU, we have the ability to make substantive
safety improvements like those possible through implementa-
tion of low-cost, high-impact solutions.

   Ultimately, however, more — much more — has to be done
to make dramatic improvements in roadway safety statistics.
And that is why we must focus on the 2009 reauthorization bill
and the next generation of the Highway Safety Improvement
Plan. Federal, state, and local governments must unite with pri-
vate industry toward a single goal: To annually reduce fatalities
until there are no deaths on America’s roadways.

  In that quest we look to such enhancements as:
                                                                         Kathleen M. Buck Holst is the Regional Vice President of NES Traffic
                                                                     Safety LP, a division of NES Rentals Holdings. She was the president of
   * Increased funding for the Highway Safety Improvement            the American Traffic Safety Services Association from 2002-2004 and
Plan, redefining eligible activities and including a provision that   is the current president of the Illinois Road and Transportation Builders
traffic sign management and upgrade programs are eligible.            Association.Suzette Engerman, the Marketing Manager for NES Traffic
   * Funding for older driver programs.                              Safety, collaborated with Ms. Holst on this article. Ms. Engerman’s work
   * Increased funding for High Risk Rural Roads and redefine         in the traffic safety industry spans more than 20 years and includes
eligible activities.                                                 experience in the Illinois Department of Transportation.
   * Strengthened Strategic Highway Safety Plans.
   * Installation, maintenance, and upgrading of roadway safety
   * Establishment of a national agenda for highway safety
through the Presidential Commission.
   * Funding for local governments to fulfill minimum levels of
Volume 21 - Issue I                                                                                                      Page 13

                       2007 Nebraska Chapter APWA Snow Roadeo by Don Neary
   The City of Columbus hosted the Nebraska Chapter APWA
2007 Snow Roadeo at Platte County Ag Park on May 2nd and                        AGENCIES ATTENDING:
3rd. This was the first time the City of Columbus hosted the
Snow Roadeo. Sixty-four participants representing 9 municipali-      Municipalities             Counties
ties and 4 counties competed in the two-day event. The Motor
Grader and Loader events were held on Day 1, while the Plow          Aurora                     Douglas
Truck competition ran on Day 2. The Backhoe and Skid Steer           Bellevue                   Kearney
Loader challenge was held on both days.                              Columbus                   Platte
                                                                     Grand Island               Sarpy
   Top finishers out of a field of 12 in the Motor Grader were; first   Kearney
place, Roger Wurdeman, City of Columbus, in second Randall           LaVista
Hill, Kearney County and in third Barry Meyer from the City of       North Platte
Grand Island. This was the first time these operators finished in      Omaha
the top three positions and the first Roadeo for Wurdeman.            Ralston

   The Loader event saw 23 competitors with the City of Kearney
taking the top two places. Scott Grimes finished first followed
by Bob Nicklasson. Dan Nelson with the City of Omaha placed
third in the competition. Nelson finished in the same spot in

   Following two days of running the Backhoe and Skid Steer
Loader, Ron Tex with the Sarpy County took top honors in the
Backhoe, second place went to Troy Bostwick of the City of
Omaha and Steve Wortman with the City of Columbus finished
third. 17 operators took part in the Backhoe event. Of the 36
Skid Steer operators, Kevin Tuma from Platte County placed
first. Douglas County’s Troy Whiley and Dan Urbach took sec-
ond and third place respectively. This was the first competition
for both Wortman and Tuma.

   Day two saw 21 teams compete for the trophies in the Plow
Truck event. Alan Schmidt and Scott Grimes with the City of           It won’t be a Snow Roadeo without a little rain!
Kearney, who placed third last year, teamed up to score first
place numbers in the event. Second place went to the team
from Sarpy County, Robert Giese and Ron Tex. The City of
Omaha’s Eric Grimshaw and Donald Hatfield finished the day in
                                                                     2007 Nebraska APWA Snow Roadeo
third place. The Sarpy County team captured first in this event                Trophy Winners
in 2005, while Omaha’s Grimshaw and Hatfield made their first
appearance in the top three.

   In addition to testing their operating skills, competitors were
also scored on a written exam and a diagnostic test for each
piece of equipment. The Nebraska Chapter APWA will sponsor
each of the first place finishers in the Loader, Motor Grader and
Plow Truck at the 2007 Western States Snow and Ice Confer-
ence in Estes Park, Colorado in September. The top places in
the Skid Steer and Backhoe also received trophies this year.

    The Nebraska Chapter APWA wishes to thank all the cities
and counties that took part in this year’s Roadeo. Also, a big
thanks to all the vendors that donated door prizes and the
equipment suppliers that provided the motor grader and loader.
It’s through the local agencies’ and company support that this
event continues to be a success year after year. The Chapter
also thanks this year’s Roadeo host, the City of Columbus,
and all the Chapter member volunteers for their hard work and          1st Truck, L-R, Scott Grimes, Alan Schmidt
dedication to make the 2007 Nebraska APWA Snow Roadeo a
Volume 21 - Issue I                                                                                         Page 14

                       2007 Nebraska Chapter APWA Snow Roadeo, continued

          2nd Truck, L-R, Ron Tex, Robert Giese

                                                         Grader, L-R, Roger Wurdeman, Randall Hill, Barry Meyer

      3rd Truck, L-R, Donald Hatfield, Eric Grimshaw

                                                         Loader, R-L, Scott Grimes, Bob Nicklasson, Dan Nelson

   Backhoe, L-R, Ron Tex, Troy Bostwick, Steve Wortman

                                                          Skid Steer, L-R, Kevin Tuma, Troy Whiley, Dan Urbach
Volume 21 - Issue I                                                                                      Page 15

                        2007 Nebraska Chapter APWA Snow Roadeo, continued

   John Brown & Fred Thole judge the skid steer event

                                                         At the controls of the backhoe, “Lumpy” Fleek
              Competitors get ready to take the field              shows intense concentration

                                                                       Pulling into the alley dock

         Remove the red & white blocks, leave the blue

    John Brown & Fred Thole judge the skid steer event
                                                                       Basketball in the barrel
PO BOX 880560

Phone: 402-472-5748
Fax: 402-472-0685
E-mail: ne-ltap@unl.edu
Web: http://www.ne-ltap.unl.edu

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