Helena María Viramontes A very schematic outline of the by happo6


									    Helena María Viramontes
• b. 1954, East LA; Mexican immigrant parents met
  while picking cotton in Buttonwillow, though she and
  her siblings did not work in the fields
• came of age during the Chicano Movement (roughly
  1965-1975); attended Garfield High School in LA
  shortly after the 1968 “blowouts” there (this was a
  youth protest against poor conditions in local schools;
  they walked out and demonstrated in the streets--a
  tactic also used during the immigration marches
  around May 1, 2006)
• Other works: The Moths and Other Stories, 1985;
  Their Dogs Came with Them (novel, 2007)

   A very schematic outline of
     the Chicano Movement
• both a civil rights movement in the US context
  (comparable to African-American and women’s rights
  movements), and an ethnic-national movement
• basis of ethnic nationalism: claim Aztlán as ancestral
  homeland, thereby rejecting idea that Mexicans are
  “foreigners”; recovery and celebration of “Hispanic
  heritage” all over the US; land reclamation
• key locations: California’s Central Valley (UFW,
  César Chávez/Dolores Huerta); urban CA (SF, LA);
  Denver (Corky Gonzales); rural New Mexico; Texas
  Rio Grande Valley

    overlapping planes in the
    Movement; different focal
• Plan of Delano, 1965: farm workers’ union
  (including other ethnicities); appeal to the
  sacred cause; nonviolence; strike as weapon:
• integral use of literary/performative work to
  educate and organize: corridos, Teatro

        other nodes of the Movimiento
• The Poor People’s Campaign, 1968, caravan to
  Washington; effort to unite rural and urban Chicanos;
  issued national statement of demands for education,
  housing, agricultural reforms, job development, law
  enforcement, economic opportunities
• The Los Angeles Blowouts, 1968: demands for better
  schools, language rights, student rights
• Formation of the Brown Berets, 1968, mainly in urban
  centers: community protection and ethnic pride
• Chicano Liberation Youth Conference, 1969 in Denver,
  issues El Plan Espiritual de Aztlán: nationalism,
  organization, action, liberation
• Mujeres por la Raza, 1971; first National Chicana
  Conference (no more bringing the food while the men do
  the strategizing!)


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