classical music of Vietnam but also the conscience of the Vietnamese youth. Thanks to him, all young Vietnamese know the song "Viêt‐Nam" extracted from his work "Mẹ Viêt‐Nam". Nhạc Việt-Nam Ðàn tỳ bà Ðàn tỳ bà Guitar with narrow sound‐box that prolongates itself in becoming thinner toward the extremity of the handle that subtends four strings. ( đàn tỳ bà ) For those who love music, I suggest a few following famous songs in When talking about Vietnamese music, one should not omit popular format wav. modern songs of famous composers Phạm Lòng Mẹ (The maternel love ) Duy and Trinh Công Sơn. Cây Ðàn Bỏ Quên ( The forgotten guitar) The latter has composed more than 600 Bài Không Tên Cuối Cùng ( The last song without name ) songs whose the best known is "Ngủ đi Món Quà Cho Viêt‐Nam ( A gift for Viet‐Nam) Con" ( or in English Lulling Child to Sleep ) Hòn Vọng Phu ( The waiting rock ) sold more than two million records in Xin đến trong giấc mộng (Strolling in the dream) Ðến rồi đi (Come then go) Japanese. He was cited in Encyclopedia of countries all over the world like a "Vietnamese Bob Dylan". One finds in most of his works the following themes: Love, the Nation and the "Ego". As for the former, he represents not only the soul of the traditional and Vietnamese mothers also have the habit of using traditional nursery rhymes ( hát ru in northern or ầu‐ơ in southern Vietnam) to lull children to sleep. Those nursery rhymes are generally an occasion for the women to tell their complaints about the hardships of their difficult daily lives. The most famous nursery rhyme is the following: The wind blows through the banana leaves behind the eave, Concubine you infatuate your wife and children you leave. đàn gáo Vietnam, mon pays natal. Terre des dragons et des légendes. Copyrigth 1997‐2009 Dang Anh Tuân Two strings violin with hemispherical sound‐box . There are a great number of musical instruments in Vietnam but there is only one worth mentioning the most because it is about the purely musical Vietnamese instrument. This one is part of the cither family and has only one chord. The chord is stretched between the instrument's body made of bamboo placed horizontally and a handle placed vertically, equipped with a wooden resonator ( or a hollowed out coconut or a dried gourd ). The resonant case is bottomless and made up generally of three planks. To play this instrument, the musician needs a bamboo stick. Thank to the light touch of the stick on the chord at the precise place and to the pressure exerted with the left hand on the handle, this enables him to produce sounds resembling the inflections of the human voice and subtle ornaments. Melodious and extremely soft, it was in the past the favorite instrument of traveling blinds. Nowadays, it is not only the first class soloist instrument but also one of the instruments used by the orchestra of popular theaters.