Table 1. IARCs and their contributions to IEHA objectives
IARC          IEHA Strategic Focus                                 Regional Base/Activity Centers
CIMMYT        tech. transfer, food security, nutrition. regional   Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia,
              markets, seed systems                                Tanzania, Ghana
IITA          Value added, food security, agricultural             Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Angola, Uganda, Tanzania, Ghana,
              rehabilitation, cassava, cowpea. banana              Benin, Nigeria, Mali, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Guinea, Cameroon
ICRISAT       Value added, seed systems, food security             Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso,
                                                                   Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia
ICRAF         Environmental management, markets/trade,             Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia,
              non-traditional ag exports.                          Mali, Ghana, Guinea, Cameroon
IWMI          Sustainable use of water resources, river            S. Africa, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia
              basins, water rights
IFPRI         Markets, trade,, food security                       S. Africa, Uganda, Ethiopia
CIP           Nutrition, food security                             Mozambique, Malawi, Tanzania, Cameroon, Kenya, Mali
IFDC          Fertilizer, inputs markets, trade                    Malawi, Zambia, Mozambique, Ghana
AVRDC         Seed systems, markets, trade, non-traditional        Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia, Ghana, Mali
              ag exports
CIAT          Value added, nutrition                               Malawi, Zambia, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya
IPGRI         Non-traditional exports, bananas                     Mozambique, Kenya, Mali, Niger
CIFOR         Non-traditional forestry products, CB-NRM            Zimbabwe, Guinea, Cameroon
ILRI          Livestock, animal diseases                           Kenya, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Niger.
        Source: Rob Bertram, USAID/EGAT/AG. December 2006

                                                                   PRESIDENTIAL INITIATIVE TO END HUNGER IN AFRICA (IEHA)             183
       Table 2. Summary of Selected EGAT-funded Programs Contributing to IEHA Objectives
      EGAT Program            Funding Level           Illustrative Activities/Results supportive of IEHA
      CGIAR                   11.8 million in FY 06   Ag research and dissemination, support to commodity networks, seed systems,
                                                      trade and markets strategies, biotechnology strategies, strategic planning with
                                                      NARS and partnering with private sector, NGOs and other IARCs. Research
                                                      areas include food security, nutrition, agricultural rehabilitation, value addition,
                                                      environmental and water resources management, markets, trade, non-traditional
                                                      ag exports, agricultural inputs, non-traditional forest products and livestock.
      Aquaculture CRSP        $170,000                Objective is to stimulate aquaculture entrepreneurship through research,
                                                      training and extension at the small scale level. Collaborating with Moi Univ and
                                                      Kenya Fisheries Dept, the CRSP is developing methods to increase survival rate
                                                      of catfish used for stocking out ponds and for bait for Lake Victoria fisherman. 6
                                                      hatchery operators, 36 farmers and 33 extension agents have been trained; 4
                                                      undergraduates and 4 MS students got support from CRSP. Collaborating with
                                                      universities in Kenya, Tanzania and Ghana, the CRSP is evaluating the cost-
                                                      benefit of aquaculture. 122 farmers from the 3 countries received training in
                                                      small scale fish farming, record keeping, cost-benefit analysis. In Kenya, CRSP is
                                                      conducting land and water use assessments, water quality analyses and
                                                      hydrologic studies to improve watershed management.
                                                      Impact: In Kenya, many of the CRSP-trained extensionists are working in large
                                                      scale private sector firms; others started their own fish farms or work for the
                                                      Fisheries Dept. Additional resources would be required in order to ensure the
                                                      sustainability of these investments, and to address the demand side of the
                                                      fisheries sector, and build up market links for producers.
      Global Livestock CRSP   $824,761 for 4          Focus is on pastoral sector, looking at risk, market development and linkages,
                              countries               policy issues, community level interventions, early warning systems and market
                                                      information, livestock-wildlife interfaces. Developed Train the Trainer course for
                                                      Avian Flu School Assessment for prevention, detection and response. 13,000
                                                      people received professional, non-degree training; 90 students completed
                                                      degree training. Nutrition study found that small amounts of meat protein in
                                                      children’s diet leads to significant improvement of cognitive learning, physical
                                                      activity, positive behaviors, classroom attention, physical growth and biochemical
                                                      micronutrient status. For $.09/day, a child can be provided with necessary
                                                      amount of meat to improve micronutrient status. The LINKS (Livestock
                                                      Information Network and Knowledge System) has developed a livestock market
                                                      information system (LMIS) has become the base of Kenya’s LMIS.
      Soils CRSP              $300,000 for 2          Mali: Progress on ridge tillage techniques for sandy soils which are quite
                              countries               prevalent in West Africa. Data on the deep drainage impact of the technology is
                                                      being used to work with policy makers.
                                                      Ghana: New cultural technologies have been developed for increasing organic
                                                      matter in soil, and improved understanding of soil carbon content that could be
                                                      important for possible future carbon trading. Also, improved organic matter will
                                                      improve yields for small farmers helping them move into commercial agriculture
                                                      production levels.

EGAT Program          Funding Level         Illustrative Activities/Results supportive of IEHA
INTSORMIL CRSP        $2.9 mil in FY 06     W. Africa: Transfer of new sorghum technologies linked to market development
                                            for feed processors and poultry producers in 4 Sahelian countries. Price
                                            stabilization strategies. Doubled yields with improved varieties., decreased cost
                                            of production, lower food prices (sorghum and poultry products) for
                                            consumers. New sorghum varieties developed for instant porridges, whose
                                            flours have long term storage properties. Collaboration with NGOs for
                                            developing new markets for products.
                                            Zambia: INTSORMIL collaborates with an NGO to identify and facilitate market
                                            links for producers (to South African Breweries), assisted an NGO with an seed
                                            production program for small farmers for a wide variety of seed.
IPM CRSP              $2.297 mil in FY 06   Objective is to promote economic growth and enhance food security through
                                            improved pest management. There are 4 programs receiving FY 06 funds. In
                                            Mali, the IPM CRSP identified 3 new viral diseases (2 in tomatoes, 1 in pepper)
                                            that cause serious production losses. The virus resistant varieties that were
                                            found also have yields 3 times higher than the former varieties, leading to
                                            increased incomes for growers. In Uganda, the CRSP works on a bacterial wilt
                                            disease by using wilt resistant grafts that resulted in total resistance to the
                                            disease, and increased productive life of plants by 2 months. IPM also developed
                                            a biological control program for Parthenium (invasive weed detrimental to
                                            animals and humans) . The IPM control program suppresses the weed and will
                                            arrest further spread in Africa, thus avoiding production losses and risks to
                                            animal and human health.
Food Security III     $1.73 mil from        Michigan State University FS III works in Kenya, Zambia, Mozambique, Mali,
                      EGAT; $1.3 from       Rwanda, Sahel region. Project focuses on 1) Improving food systems performance.
                      AFR/SD; $225,000      (strengthening agricultural productivity, commodity value chains, input/output
                      from DCHA/FFP         market performance and trade); 2) Understanding household income/livelihood
                                            dynamics. (level and distribution of rural assets, social and infrastructure
                                            investments, and responding to rising prime-age mortality); and 3) Understanding
                                            food security/natural resource management interactions. Capacity-building activities
                                            support the project’s research and outreach objectives. MSU partners with
                                            African organizations and builds capacity through degree training and short-
                                            course/in-service training in research/outreach skills.
Support to Regional   $400,000/yr.          USAID funds support, sub-regional organizations (SROs) that include FARA,
Organizations (SRO)                         CORAF, ASARECA, and NEPAD with the objective of increasing coordination
                                            and collaboration with a wide variety of agricultural research entities. Activities
                                            include capacity building, resource mobilization to support technology
                                            development and an enabling policy environment,
                                            Impact: Several high yielding, stress resistant varieties and improved post harvest
                                            technologies have been released by the commodity networks. CORAF: has
                                            made its integrated data base on improved technologies available to users and
                                            contributors.1200 members have joined the sub-regional electronic platform
                                            and are using its tools. West Africa: have identified the research priorities
                                            necessary to achieve NEPAD’s goal of 6% annual growth.

                                                      PRESIDENTIAL INITIATIVE TO END HUNGER IN AFRICA (IEHA)                       185
      EGAT Program               Funding Level       Illustrative Activities/Results supportive of IEHA
      CGIAR Seed Initiative      $600,000/yr         Objective is to foster development of the private sector-led seed industry to
                                                     effectively and efficiently serve small and medium scale producers.
                                                     Achievements: Capacity built and institutional mechanisms developed to allow
                                                     seed trade harmonization agreements to start moving forward among several
                                                     countries. For 1) regional variety release; regional seed certification and
                                                     accreditation; 3) science based quarantine pest lists. SADC has developed a
                                                     procedures manual on variety release, seed certification and seed
                                                     import/export. All SADC Perm. Secretaries of Ag endorsed the 3-point seed
                                                     policy proposal and recommended it for fast tracking for SADC Council of
                                                     Ministers. 21 national teams are working to establish Foundation Seed
                                                     Enterprises to \produce and market this seed on a commercial basis. It provides
                                                     support to FANRPAN to review impact of relief seed distributions and provide
                                                     policy advise on market friendly safety net mechanisms for seed. Has developed
                                                     policy tools for standardized variety release, seed certification and quarantine.
      International Fertilizer   $500,000/yr core    Malawi, Zambia, Mozambique, Ghana. IFDC’ focuses on increasing smallholder
      Development                funds for IEHA      farmers’ access to agricultural productivity enhancing inputs, mostly fertilizer and
      Corporation (IFDC)                             seeds. It has experimented with market friendly subsidies, via voucher systems,
                                                     to address the needs of the impoverished and food insecure farmers. It is also
                                                     looking at regional markets and trade systems in an attempt to decrease farm
                                                     gate prices of these inputs, and is involved in market information systems (such
                                                     as West Africa’s MISTOWA). IFDC was one of the principle organizers of the
                                                     Fertilizer Summit for African leaders in June 2006 where African leaders pledged
                                                     to increase the use of fertilizer as part of the fight against poverty and hunger.
      Farmer to Farmer           $ 2,094,742         FTF provided volunteer services to 7 countries for a variety of assignments, but
                                                     in general with the objective of improving agriculture. Each country established
                                                     its specific goals for the FTF program, but in general these were all supportive of
                                                     the IEHA programs. A total of 28,523 people directly benefited from FTF, and
                                                     as a result of the volunteer assignments, gross values of sales of the various ag
                                                     commodities increased by $905,467.
      Program for Food           $500,000 in FY 06   Links farmers to markets; assists in market testing for smallholder products in
      Industry Development                           new markets; assists farmers with supply contracts;. In Ghana, facilitated a sale of
      (PFID)                                         3 MT of grains of paradise, valued at $6250 from 50 PFID-assisted growers, for
                                                     market testing in France. Succeeded in setting up a supply contract for 500 kg of
                                                     lippia from PFID farmers.
      Gender Informed            $365,000            In Nigeria, Uganda, Mozambique. Strengthens the links between agricultural
      Nutrition and                                  productivity and nutritional aspects of food security to reduce hunger and
      Agriculture Alliance                           improve the nutritional status of women and children by strengthening the
      (GINA)                                         capacity of local communities and governments. Example activities are
                                                     community-based nutrition and agriculture integrated projects; community-
                                                     based processing facilities; potable water; crop diversification; growth monitoring
                                                     of children; nutritional education; improved agricultural and nutritional
                                                     technologies such as the successful Orange fleshed sweet potato that improves
                                                     nutrition and is becoming an source of income.

EGAT Program          Funding Level   Illustrative Activities/Results supportive of IEHA
Regional Network on   $100,000        In Kenya, Zambia, South Africa, Malawi, Ethiopia. Addresses the HIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDS, Rural                       pandemic by supporting research on: 1) how rural livelihoods, particularly those
Livelihoods and                       deriving from agriculture, contribute to the further spread of HIV/AIDS; and 2)
Agriculture                           how food and nutrition related policies and programs can contribute to
(RENEWAL)                             prevention and mitigation of HIV/AIDS; RENEWAL enables regional networks
                                      to further scale up effective responses. Roundtable discussions have been held
                                      in each country to discuss critical gaps; a Capacity and Communications Strategy
                                      is completed; and the “AIDS, Poverty, and Hunger” Durban Conference
                                      Proceedings have been completed and distributed. Research papers published
                                      on topics including effect of HIV/AIDS on agricultural production; nutritional
                                      security of HIV/AIDS victims; farming systems and resiliency.

                                               PRESIDENTIAL INITIATIVE TO END HUNGER IN AFRICA (IEHA)                    187

To top