Antennas and Propagation for Wireless Communication Systems, 2nd by broverya76

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Antennas and Propagation for Wireless Communication Systems,
2nd Edition

Description:    Antennas and propagation are of fundamental importance to the coverage, capacity and quality of
                all wireless communication systems. This book provides a solid grounding in antennas and
                propagation, covering terrestrial and satellite radio systems in both mobile and fixed contexts.
                Building on the highly successful first edition, this fully updated text features significant new
                material and brand new exercises and supplementary materials to support course tutors. A vital
                source of information for practising and aspiring wireless communication engineers as well as for
                students at postgraduate and senior undergraduate levels, this book provides a fundamental
                grounding in the principles of antennas and propagation without excessive recourse to
                mathematics. It also equips the reader with practical prediction techniques for the design and
                analysis of a very wide range of common wireless communication systems.

                Including:
                - Overview of the fundamental electromagnetic principles underlying propagation and antennas.
                - Basic concepts of antennas and their application to specific wireless systems.
                - Propagation measurement, modelling and prediction for fixed links, macrocells, microcells,
                picocells and megacells
                - Narrowband and wideband channel modelling and the effect of the channel on communication
                system performance.
                - Methods that overcome and transform channel impairments to enhance performance using
                diversity, adaptive antennas and equalisers.

                Key second edition updates:
                - New chapters on Antennas for Mobile Systems and Channel Measurements for Mobile Radio
                Systems.
                - Coverage of new technologies, including MIMO antenna systems, Ultra Wideband (UWB) and the
                OFDM technology used in Wi-Fi and WiMax systems.
                - Many new propagation models for macrocells, microcells and picocells.
                - Fully revised and expanded end-of-chapter exercises.
                - Solutions manual and presentation slides available online for course tutors.



Contents:       Preface to the First Edition.
                 Preface to the Second Edition.

                 1. Introduction: The Wireless Communication Channel.
                 1.1 INTRODUCTION.
                 1.2 CONCEPT OF A WIRELESS CHANNEL.
                 1.3 THE ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM.
                 1.4 HISTORY.
                 1.5 SYSTEM TYPES.
                 1.6 AIMS OF CELLULAR SYSTEMS.
                 1.7 CELLULAR NETWORKS.
                 1.8 THE CELLULAR CONCEPT.
                 1.9 TRAFFIC.
                 1.10 MULTIPLE ACCESS SCHEMES AND DUPLEXING.
                 1.11 AVAILABLE DATA RATES.
                 1.12 STRUCTURE OF THIS BOOK.
                 1.13 CONCLUSION.
                 REFERENCES.
                 PROBLEMS 23

                 2. Properties of Electromagnetic Waves.
                 2.1 INTRODUCTION.
                 2.2 MAXWELL’S EQUATIONS.
2.3 PLANE WAVE PROPERTIES.
2.4 POLARISATION.
2.5 CONCLUSION.
REFERENCES.
PROBLEMS.

3. Propagation Mechanisms.
3.1 INTRODUCTION.
3.2 REFLECTION, REFRACTION AND TRANSMISSION.
3.3 ROUGH SURFACE SCATTERING.
3.4 GEOMETRICAL OPTICS.
3.5 DIFFRACTION.
3.6 CONCLUSION.
REFERENCES.
PROBLEMS.

4. Antenna Fundamentals.
4.1 INTRODUCTION.
4.2 PRINCIPLES.
4.3 ANTENNA PARAMETERS.
4.4 PRACTICAL DIPOLES.
4.5 ANTENNA ARRAYS.
4.6 HORN ANTENNAS.
4.7 LOOP ANTENNAS.
4.8 HELICAL ANTENNAS.
4.9 PATCH ANTENNAS.
4.10 CONCLUSION.
REFERENCES.
PROBLEMS.
5. Basic Propagation Models.
5.1 INTRODUCTION.
5.2 DEFINITION OF PATH LOSS.
5.3 A BRIEF NOTE ON DECIBELS.
5.4 NOISE MODELLING.
5.5 FREE SPACE LOSS.
5.6 PLANE EARTH LOSS.
5.7 LINK BUDGETS.
5.8 CONCLUSION.
REFERENCE.
PROBLEMS.

6. Terrestrial Fixed Links.
6.1 INTRODUCTION.
6.2 PATH PROFILES.
6.3 TROPOSPHERIC REFRACTION.
6.4 OBSTRUCTION LOSS.
6.5 APPROXIMATE MULTIPLE KNIFE-EDGE DIFFRACTION.
6.6 THE MULTIPLE-EDGE DIFFRACTION INTEGRAL.
6.7 DIFFRACTION OVER OBJECTS OF FINITE SIZE.
6.8 OTHER METHODS FOR PREDICTING TERRAIN DIFFRACTION.
6.9 INFLUENCE OF CLUTTER.
6.10 CONCLUSION.
REFERENCES.
PROBLEMS.

7. Satellite Fixed Links.
7.1 INTRODUCTION.
7.2 TROPOSPHERIC EFFECTS.
7.3 IONOSPHERIC EFFECTS.
7.4 SATELLITE EARTH STATION ANTENNAS.
7.5 CONCLUSION.
REFERENCES.
PROBLEMS.
8. Macrocells.
8.1 INTRODUCTION.
8.2 DEFINITION OF PARAMETERS.
8.3 EMPIRICAL PATH LOSS MODELS.
8.4 PHYSICAL MODELS.
8.5 ITU-R MODELS.
8.6 COMPARISON OF MODELS.
8.7 COMPUTERISED PLANNING TOOLS.
8.8 CONCLUSION.
REFERENCES.
PROBLEMS.

9. Shadowing.
9.1 INTRODUCTION.
9.2 STATISTICAL CHARACTERISATION.
9.3 PHYSICAL BASIS FOR SHADOWING.
9.4 IMPACT ON COVERAGE.
9.5 LOCATION VARIABILITY.
9.6 CORRELATED SHADOWING.
9.7 CONCLUSION.
REFERENCES.
PROBLEMS.

10. Narrowband Fast Fading.
10.1 INTRODUCTION.
10.2 BASEBAND CHANNEL REPRESENTATION.
10.3 THE AWGN CHANNEL.
10.4 THE NARROWBAND FADING CHANNEL.
10.5 WHEN DOES FADING OCCUR IN PRACTICE?
10.6 THE RAYLEIGH DISTRIBUTION.
10.7 DISTRIBUTION OF THE SNR FOR A RAYLEIGH CHANNEL.
10.8 THE RICE DISTRIBUTION.
10.9 THE NAKAGAMI- m DISTRIBUTION.
10.10 OTHER FADING DISTRIBUTIONS.
10.11 SECOND-ORDER FAST-FADING STATISTICS.
10.12 AUTOCORRELATION FUNCTION.
10.13 NARROWBAND MOBILE RADIO CHANNEL SIMULATIONS.
10.14 CONCLUSION.
REFERENCES.
PROBLEMS.

11. Wideband Fast Fading.
11.1 INTRODUCTION.
11.2 EFFECT OF WIDEBAND FADING.
11.3 WIDEBAND CHANNEL MODEL.
11.4 WIDEBAND CHANNEL PARAMETERS.
11.5 FREQUENCY DOMAIN EFFECTS.
11.6 THE BELLO FUNCTIONS.
11.7 WIDEBAND FADING IN FIXED LINKS.
11.8 OVERCOMING WIDEBAND CHANNEL IMPAIRMENTS.
11.9 CONCLUSION.
REFERENCES.
PROBLEMS.

12. Microcells.
12.1 INTRODUCTION.
12.2 EMPIRICAL MODELS.
12.3 PHYSICAL MODELS.
12.4 LINE-OF-SIGHT MODELS.
12.5 NON-LINE-OF-SIGHT MODELS.
12.6 DISCUSSION.
12.7 MICROCELL SHADOWING.
12.8 NARROWBAND FADING.
12.9 WIDEBAND EFFECTS.
12.10 CONCLUSION.
REFERENCES.
PROBLEMS.

13. Picocells.
13.1 INTRODUCTION.
13.2 EMPIRICAL MODELS OF PROPAGATION WITHIN BUILDINGS.
13.3 PHYSICAL MODELS OF INDOOR PROPAGATION WITHIN BUILDINGS.
13.4 MODELS OF PROPAGATION INTO BUILDINGS.
13.5 CONSTITUTIVE PARAMETERS OF BUILDING MATERIALS FOR PHYSICAL MODELS.
13.6 SHADOWING.
13.7 MULTIPATH EFFECTS.
13.8 ULTRA-WIDEBAND INDOOR PROPAGATION.
13.9 PROPAGATION IN TUNNELS AND OTHER ENCLOSED SPACES.
13.10 DISCUSSION.
13.11 DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS FOR INDOOR AND ENCLOSED SPACE APPLICATIONS.
13.12 INDOOR LINK BUDGETS.
13.13 CONCLUSION.
REFERENCES.
PROBLEMS.

14. Megacells.
14.1 INTRODUCTION.
14.2 SHADOWING AND FAST FADING.
14.3 EMPIRICAL NARROWBAND MODELS.
14.4 STATISTICAL MODELS.
14.5 SHADOWING STATISTICS.
14.6 PHYSICAL-STATISTICAL MODELS FOR BUILT-UP AREAS.
14.7 WIDEBAND MODELS.
14.8 MULTI-SATELLITE CORRELATIONS.
14.9 OVERALL MOBILE SATELLITE CHANNEL MODEL.
14.10 CONCLUSION.
REFERENCES.
PROBLEMS.

15. Antennas for Mobile Systems.
15.1 INTRODUCTION.
15.2 MOBILE TERMINAL ANTENNAS.
15.3 BASE STATION ANTENNAS.
15.4 CONCLUSION.
REFERENCES.
PROBLEMS.

16. Overcoming Narrowband Fading via Diversity.
16.1 INTRODUCTION.
16.2 CRITERIA FOR USEFUL BRANCHES.
16.3 SPACE DIVERSITY.
16.4 POLARISATION DIVERSITY.
16.5 TIME DIVERSITY.
16.6 FREQUENCY DIVERSITY.
16.7 COMBINING METHODS.
16.8 DIVERSITY FOR MICROWAVE LINKS.
16.9 MACRODIVERSITY.
16.10 TRANSMIT DIVERSITY.
16.11 CONCLUSION.
REFERENCES.
PROBLEMS.

17. Overcoming Wideband Fading.
17.1 INTRODUCTION.
17.2 SYSTEM MODELLING.
17.3 LINEAR EQUALISERS.
17.4 ADAPTIVE EQUALISERS.
17.5 NON-LINEAR EQUALISERS.
17.6 RAKE RECEIVERS.
17.7 OFDM RECEIVERS.
17.8 CONCLUSION.
REFERENCES.
PROBLEMS.

18. Adaptive Antennas.
18.1 INTRODUCTION.
18.2 BASIC CONCEPTS.
18.3 ADAPTIVE ANTENNA APPLICATIONS.
18.4 OPTIMUM COMBINING.
18.5 MULTIPLE-INPUT MULTIPLE-OUTPUT SYSTEMS.
18.6 ADAPTIVE ANTENNAS IN A PRACTICAL SYSTEM.
18.7 CONCLUSION.
REFERENCES.
PROBLEMS.

19. Channel Measurements for Mobile Systems.
19.1 INTRODUCTION.
19.2 APPLICATIONS FOR CHANNEL MEASUREMENTS.
19.3 IMPACT OF MEASUREMENT INACCURACIES.
19.4 SIGNAL SAMPLING ISSUES.
19.5 MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS.
19.6 EQUIPMENT CALIBRATION AND VALIDATION.
19.7 OUTDOOR MEASUREMENTS.
19.8 INDOOR MEASUREMENTS.
19.9 CONCLUSION.
REFERENCES.
PROBLEMS.

20. Future Developments in the Wireless Communication Channel.
20.1 INTRODUCTION.
20.2 HIGH-RESOLUTION DATA.
20.3 ANALYTICAL FORMULATIONS.
20.4 PHYSICAL-STATISTICAL CHANNEL MODELLING.
20.5 MULTIDIMENSIONAL CHANNEL MODELS.
20.6 REAL-TIME CHANNEL PREDICTIONS.
20.7 INTELLIGENT ANTENNAS.
20.8 DISTRIBUTED AND AD-HOC CELL ARCHITECTURES.
20.9 CONCLUSION.

REFERENCES.
Appendix A Statistics, Probability and Stochastic Processes.
A.1 INTRODUCTION.
A.2 SINGLE RANDOM VARIABLES.
A.3 MULTIPLE RANDOM VARIABLES.
A.4 GAUSSIAN DISTRIBUTION AND CENTRAL LIMIT THEOREM.
A.5 RANDOM PROCESSES.
REFERENCES.
Appendix B Tables and Data.
B.1 NORMAL (GAUSSIAN) DISTRIBUTION.
B.2 ERROR FUNCTION.
B.3 FRESNEL INTEGRALS.
B.4 GAMMA FUNCTION.
B.5 BESSEL FUNCTION.
REFERENCE.
Abbreviations.
Index.
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