SHIP DISMANTLING IN TURKEY by mercy2beans114

VIEWS: 682 PAGES: 26

									SHIP DISMANTLING IN TURKEY


               Ülkü Füsun ERTÜRK
        WASTE MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT
      CHIEF OF HAZARDOUS WASTE DIVISION
    MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTRY

       23-24 OCTOBER 2009, Aliağa/İZMİR
CONTENT


• Backround and international context
• Legislation

    - Waste treatment and disposal
    - Ship recycling issues
    - Background of Permitting Studies
International agenda
Main agents since late
1990s
• UN
1. IMO
2. ILO
3. Basel Convention
• NGOs
Guidelines developed
Key Issues
1. Basel Convention
• “ Equivalent level of control
-Environmentally Sound Management
-Prior Inform (Written) Consent
• Interim Measures
2. International Maritime Organization
- Safe shipping
- Practical mechanizm, reporting system
3. International Labour Organization
- Workers health and safety
- Training, protective measures, management
Objectives for Waste Management
Control in National Legislation
• Protect the environment and human health
    from potential adverse consequences of waste
    management activities
•   Prevent long term problems from arising
•   Provide reassurance to the public and others
    that waste is being managed properly
•   Ensure sustainable management of wastes by
    compliance with environmental laws
ESM in practice- Standarts and
national Legislation
• Basel Convention (ratified in 1994)
• Environmental Law (dated 1983 Numbered
   2872)
• By-law on Hazardous Waste Control( 2005)
- Environmental criteria that identify the expected
   level of environmental protection
- Environmental and technical standards
   compatible with EU related standards
- Monitoring and inspection issues (record keeping
   etc.)
                     BASEL CONVENTION

Turkey has been a party to Basel Convention since
1994.
A Control System based on prior written notification
was put into place.
•Transboundary movements of hazardous waste or other waste can take
place only upon prior written notification by the State of export to the
competent authorities of the States of import and transit.

•Each shipment of hazardous waste or other waste must be accompanied
by a movement document from the point at which a transboundary
movement begins to the point of disposal.
By Law on Hazardous Waste
Control

By-law on Hazardous Waste Control (HWC) entered into
  force on 14 March, 2005.

• Provides the regulation of waste management activies at
  domestic level
• Includes requirements for import and export of waste
• Site specific permits ( license) issued with detailed
  conditions for site operation on;prevention of pollution
  by limits of emissions to air, water and land.
• Penalties for failure to comply
BY-LAW ON HWC (CONT’D)
Article 42 of HWC

Contains provisions related to export of waste from Turkey

Article 43 of HWC

Contains provisions related to how to use the Notification Form

Article 45

Regulates procedures and principles for international transportation of waste

Article 46

Set rules regarding General Notification for one year

Article 47

Defines illegal traffic and the obligation of taking waste back
RELEVANT ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION FOR SHIP
RECYCLING

•   By-law   on   Waste Framework
•   By-law   on   Used Batteries and Accumulators Control
•   By-law   on   Hazardous Waste Control
•   By-law   on   Medical Waste Control
•   By-law   on   Waste Oil Control
•   By-law   on   PCB, PCT Contaminated Wastes
•   By-law   on   Control of Water Pollution
•   By-law   on   Air Quality Protection
•   By-law   on   Noise Control
•   By-law   on   Enviromental Audit
PRINCIPLES INTO PRACTICE- POLICY
   OF TURKEY FOR SHIP RCYCLING

• Turkey MoEF interest driven by;
• Import of vessel named Sea Beirut in 2002
• Increasing demand for importation of
  vessels over 25 ages ( IMO)
• Studies of Basel Convention and IMO on
  ESM dismantling of vessels.
Aliağa Ship Dismantling Region
 The ship dismantling facilities
 in Aliağa-İzmir is the only ship
 dismantling area which the
 Ministry of Development and
 Housing approves on
 21.10.1974 separeted
 excluding agricultural aims
 with Cabinet Decree No:
 7/8951 dated 07.10.1974
        Back round of permitting
Ministry of Environment and Forestry prepared a quide for the facilities in
Aliağa “ The Basel Convention Technical Guidelines for the
Environmentally Sound Management of the Full and Partial Dismantling of
Ships” by taking as a base.
On behalf of facilities in Aliağa, Turkish Shipbreakers Association
has prepared “Action Plan” according to this Guideline .
This plan was agreed by MoEF.
In this plan Time Schedule is given related to existing or future
studies for waste management.
Infrastructure studies for dismantling of ship containing asbestos
and training course to staff for required equipment are completed.
Ship Dismantling Permits have been given to the facilities firstly in 2004
and then according to the revisions they are extended . MoEF issued Ship
Dismantling Permission for completed facilities which is valid for 3 years
under certain circumstances.
Certain circumstances of permitting
For each ship which comes for dismantling, notification procedure has to be applied
      including inventory of Wastes contain hazard (asbestos, PCB, etc )and processes can
      only made after the approval of Ministry of Environment and Forestry.

•    The notification form and the Ship Recycling Plan

•    Inventory procedings

•    If the asbestos waste arising from dismantling ship should not be disposed in
     licensed disposal facility in Turkey, it has to be provided that it will be send abroad
     for disposal,

•    Waste oil and bilge wastes, has to be stored temporary in tanks which have a
     security pool and prepared according the related By-law, other hazardous wastes
     have to be stored in appropriate containers or base resistant closed areas, an
     inventory report has to be prepared by the Association of Ship Recycling.

•    “National Waste Transportation Forms for all hazardous and licensed vehicles

•     licensed recyling/disposal facilities.
Certain circumstances of permitting
• Documentations for each ship dismantling activity has to be prepared by
   the company and the Association of Ship Recycling. An inventory report has
   to be in the Waste Register Book of the recycled ships. The waste purchase
   bill and the inventory report which has to be delivered to the Associations of
   Ship Recycling, could be watched through the inventory report. These
   documents have to be submitted to Ministry of Environment and Forestry
   in three montly periods.

• Fire fighting equipments
• Barriers
• education in specified periods
• Dust Mask, working suit, working shoes, gloves, hard hats and other
   protecting equipments

• concreted areas preventing sea and soil pollution.

• activities, the samples from 4 different points from sea water and analyses
   (monthly)
Ship Recyclıng’ Association                  Waste Management Center




     The Ship Recycling’ Association of Turkey has a licensed issued by
     the Ministry of Environment and Forestry to remove and
     temporarily store the asbestos and PCBs.




                        Companies
GROUND POLLUTION PREVENTION
OIL SPILLAGE BARRIER
 OIL PADS-DRUMS AND EMERGENCY ACTION
ROOMS
IMPORT STAGE OF SCRAP VESSEL

                 Scrap vessel




               PERMIT FOR IMPORT


                                  Harbour Master
        MoEF




                 Aliağa Customs Office
                   Dismantling of ship




      Hazardous waste                   Product



                                                   Licensed
Asbestos                                          R/D Facilities
           Cable       Batteries&accu
                   Bilge oil
      Other waste

                                              Report to MoEF
Required documents by MoEF at
import stage
• Hazmat Inventory
• Radiation Analyses
• Notification Document
• Ship Recycling Plan
• Official Report which is prepared by
  Province Directore for that ship
• Gas-free Document(Oxygen content of the
  atmosphere and concentration of
  flammable vapours)
 STUDIES ON ALĠAĞA SHIP DISMANTLING REGION
Aliağa Ship Dismantling Region has been inspected
regularly by Ministry of Environment and Forestry,
Undersecreteriat for Maritime Affairs, Ġzmir Province
Directorate of Ministry of Environment and Forestry and
Ġzmir Port Department since 2003
Policy of Turkey for vessels to be
dismaned
Until The Hong Kong Convention come into force;
• For import of vessels
  - Basel Convention, Waste Shipment Regulation
  of EU (1013/2006/EC) and By- Law on
  Hazardous Waste Control applies
• To improve the standards of facilities
  - Both existing and future Reccommendatory
  quidances of Basel and IMO is used
          Summary
For successful ESM of Ship Recycling and its waste
  management:
• Facilities to operate in ESM standards
• Technology to be appropriate for waste disposal
• Good quality data and management systems in
  place
• Effective communication between industry and
  Government
• Sharing of best practice information
Thank you for your attention

								
To top