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									History of Higher Education in the United States
Pre-Revolutionary Colleges                                                                               Saturday, October 15, 2005

                                                     1775
                                              American Revolution



                                              1764
                                         Brown University



                                     1754
      1636            1701         Columbia
                                                                1769
     Harvard          Yale                                  Dartmouth




      1600             1700                                     1800                   1900                           2000


       William and Mary                               Rutgers
               1693                         U of PA    1766
                             Princeton
                              1746           1755

                              The role of organized Christianity was important in 8 of 9 institutions.




                                                                                                                             Page 1
History of Higher Education in the United States
American Civil War Era                                                                                                       Ci

                                                                         1861 - 1865
                                                                          Civil War




                                                                                              1883
                                                                                   First Co-Educational College,
                                                 1803                                         Oberlin
                                         University of Virginia
                                                                  1862
                                                         Morrill Land Grant Act




      1600          1700                              1800                                1900                     2000


                                        First Black College, Cheyney U                            NASULGA
                                                     1836                                            1887
                                                                     Department of Education
                                                                                  1867
                           Government Intercedes in Higher Education in Response to Social Issues




                                                                                                                          Page 2
History of Higher Education in the United States
World War I Era                                                                                                    Ci

                       1914 - 1918
                          WW I




         1914                                             1933
                                  1925          Civilian Conservation Corps
     Smith-Lever Act              AAAE




      1900                                                                                               2000
                                                         1st HBCU
                                                          1937
             Vocational Rehabilitation Act
                        1920
                                             George-Reed Act
                                                  1929

                                Government Intercedes in Higher Education in Response to Social Issues
                                and Economic Downswing




                                                                                                                Page 3
History of Higher Education in the United States
World War II Era                                                                                        Ci

                                               1939 - 1945
                                                 WW II


                                                                  1947
                               1944                    Truman Commission Report
               women temporarily outnumber men in HE



                                                                         1954
                                   1944                      Brown vs. Board of Education
                                   GI Bill




      1900                                                                                    2000


                                       Clarke-McNary Amendment
                                                1949
                                                             National Defense Education Act
                                                                         1958



                          War Alters Demographics of Higher Education




                                                                                                     Page 4
History of Higher Education in the United States
Volatile Years                                                                                                        Ci



                                                        1962 - 1963
                                            Manpower Development Training Act,
                                                 Vocational Education Act,
                                               Higher Education Facilities Act


                                                                       1965 - 1966
                                                                   Higher Education Act,
                                                                       Sea Grant Act
                                                                                            1969
                                                                               Yale and Princeton accept their
                                                                                first women undergraduates




      1900                                                                                                  2000

                                                                    The Navajo Community College Act
                                                                                  1968
                                       Affirmative Action
                                             1961
                                                                Civil Rights Act – Title VI,
                                                    Federation of Regional Accreditation Commission
                                                                        1964


                 Civil Rights Highlighted the 1960's, a Time of Inclusion




                                                                                                                   Page 5
History of Higher Education in the United States
Reform Years                                                                                                           Ci




                                                                                                             2001
                                                                                                 Community colleges celebrate
                                                                    1979                            100 years of service
                                                         Department of Education

                                                                                         1990 - 1991
                                                                                Americans with Disabilities Act,
                                                                                National Security Education Act
                                                              1970
                                                      Carnegie Classification




     1900                                                                                                    2000

                                                                Title IX               Direct Lending
                                                                1972                        1993

                                                            Perkins Vocational Education Act
                                                                           1984


                 Accessibility to Higher Education was a Priority




                                                                                                                    Page 6

								
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