ICMM Relationships tools Stakeholder Analysis by mercy2beans111


Stakeholder Analysis


Once stakeholders have been identified with tool 1 (and remember that
you will constantly encounter new ones; this is not a static process), it is
often helpful to consider what their interests are in the project and how
much they might like to be involved. The stakeholder analysis tool uses a
series of questions to enable you to assess how important the project
might be to each stakeholder and also how much they might want to
participate in community development programs. Understanding how
stakeholders relate to each other will also help in understanding the web
of relationships surrounding the project.

                  RELATIONSHIPS TOOLS
Stakeholder Analysis
Purpose                                                  How to use this tool

The purpose of this tool is to refine understanding of   Ask the questions provided in the matrix on the
identified stakeholders further, by:                     opposite page for each of the stakeholders being
                                                         analyzed and then assign them to one of the three
• Defining the characteristics of stakeholders to        categories of interest and impact. The result will be
understand their level of interest in the project        three lists of stakeholders, according to the
                                                         assessed importance of the project to them and
• Drawing out the interests of stakeholders in           their likely level of interest.
relation to the key development issues and program
objectives                                               • Step 1: Obtain a list of stakeholders from using
                                                         tool 1.
• Identifying conflicts of interests between
stakeholders to help manage such relationships           • Step 2: Either individually or in a team, consider
during the course of the project                         each of the questions in the matrix and decide
                                                         which stakeholders are least or most interested in
• Identifying relations between stakeholders that        or impacted by the project or which ones have an
may facilitate development partnerships                  average interest.

• Assessing the capacity of different stakeholder        • Step 3: Arrange the lists of stakeholders into the
groups to participate in development activities          three categories depending on how often they
                                                         appear in each category. Ideally, each stakeholder
• Assessing appropriate levels of engagement with        or group should only be in one category at the end,
different stakeholders (for example, informing,          although different lists for different issues might be
consulting, and partnering) at different stages of the   drawn.
project cycle.
                                                         • Step 4: Use the category lists to assign priorities
The identified level of interest of each stakeholder     to stakeholders for engagement activities in the
helps you to design your Consultation Matrix (tool       Consultation Matrix.
11) and to decide how much time to devote to
engaging with each stakeholder or group. The
engagement levels required by each group of
stakeholders as revealed through this analysis may
be more than consultation. They may include
partnership or involvement in community
development plans. It is important to always ask
stakeholders how much involvement they desire and
to learn about their views and expectations. The

When to use this tool
more known about various stakeholders, the more
successful you are likely to be in building good
relationships with them.

The stakeholder analysis tool should be used when
designing the Consultation Matrix and should be
revised each time the list of stakeholders (from tool
1) is revised. The initial analysis should be
undertaken for national and international
stakeholders in the prefeasibility stage and then at
least by early in the construction phase for local
stakeholders, depending on how early on-ground
disturbance activities commence at the site (that is,
earlier if resettlement is needed).
Stakeholder Analysis Matrix
Questions to ask                                          Stakeholders

                                                   Most    Average       Least

Who will be affected by negative impacts of the

Who will benefit from the project?

Who will be responsible for implementing
measures to mitigate the negative impacts?

Whose cooperation, expertise, or influence would
be helpful to the success of the project?

Who are the most vulnerable, least visible, and
voiceless for whom special consultation efforts
may have to be made?

Who supports or opposes the changes that the
project will bring?

Whose opposition could be detrimental to the
success of the project?

Who might have resources to contribute?

Who will make decisions?

Stakeholder Analysis   RELATIONSHIPS TOOLS
Key references

IIED and WBCSD: “Breaking New Ground – Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development.”

Available: www.iied.org/mmsd/

DFID: Tools for Development: A Handbook for Those Engaged in Development Activity (section 2:
Stakeholder Analysis).

Available: www.dfid.gov.uk/pubs/files/toolsfordevelopment.pdf

IFC Environment Division: Good Practice Notes: Doing Better Business Through Effective Public
Consultation and Disclosure (section A: IFC’s Requirements Regarding Consultation and Disclosure;
section C, Guidance Note 6: Consultation and Disclosure on the Draft EA Report).

Available: www.ifc.org/ifcext/enviro.nsf/Content/Publications

Sartorius, R. Social Impact Training Manuals – Managing the Project Cycle.

Available: www.socialimpact.com/resource-center/training-manuals.html

To top