Captain Scott-Antarctic Explorer By Sarah Name: Robert Falcon Scott Died: March 29, 1912 (aged 43) Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica Occupation: Explorer Wife: Kathleen Bruce Children: (1 son) Sir Peter Scott Parents: John Scott and Hannah Scott Captain Robert Falcon Scott was an officer in the Royal Navy, who had joined his first ship when he was thirteen. He was born in Devon and came from seafaring family, though his father ran a brewery. He married a sculptor named Kathleen Bruce in 1908, and they had one son, Peter (who became a famous naturalist, was knighted, and died in 1982). 1st Expedition Scott led two expeditions. His first expedition, in the ship Discovery, took place between 1901-04 and was half funded by the Government. Discovery was specially built for the voyage, as a research ship to go through icy seas. Scott and his party anchored Discovery in Mc Murdo Sound, Ross Island where they built a hut. During the winter (our summer) they conducted magnetic, astronomical and meteorological observations. In June the sun cannot seen from within the Antarctic Circle and it is dark 24-hours a day. In spring (September), the weather improved and Scott, Dr Wilson and Ernest Shackleton set off south across the Ross Ice Shelf towards the Pole. They had some sledge-dogs but did not really know how to use them, so largely pulled the sledges themselves. Scott traveled slightly further than 82 degrees south, much further than anyone before but it was a terrible journey. 2nd Expedition In 1910, he sailed on another scientific voyage, this time in the Terra Nova, originally a whaler. This second expedition had less government support and many schools made collections for the expedition. Children were particularly interested in raising money for dogs and ponies. Scott planned to reach the Pole from Ross Island, using ponies and three motorized sledges, with a few dogs in support, then by man-hauling his sledges. The motorized sledges failed. The ponies suffered and were put down for food (which was expected) and the dogs went back to base camp halfway with most of the men. This left Scott and just four companions to pull. They got there on the 17-18 January 1912.