Islamic social 1. The Right To Life political 1. Democracy In Islam The first and foremost basic right The above explanation of the is the right to life. The Holy term Khilafa also makes it clear Qur’an lays down: that no individual or dynasty or class can be Khalifa: the "Whosoever kills a human being authority of Khilafa is bestowed on the whole of any community (without any reason like) manslaughter, or corruption on earth, which is ready to fulfil the conditions of representation it is thought he had killed all after subscribing to the mankind." (5:32) principles of towhid and Risala. Such a society carries the The 'Right to Life' has been given to man as a whole only by responsibility of the Khilafa as a whole and each one of its Islam. individuals shares in it 2. The Right To The Safety Of 2. The Purpose Of The Islamic Life State the Holy Qur’an which has been The Holy Qur’an clearly states mentioned in connection with that the aim and purpose of this the right to life, Allah says: state is the establishment, maintenance and development "And whoever saves a life it is of those virtues which the as though he had saved the Creator wishes human life to be lives of all mankind." (5:32) enriched by and the prevention and eradication of those evils in There can be several forms of saving man from death. If a man human life which He finds is ill or wounded it is your duty to abhorrent. get him medical help. 3. Respect For The Chastity Of Women The third important element in the Charter of Human Rights granted by Islam is that a woman's chastity must be respected and protected at all times, whether she belongs to one's own nation or to the nation of an enemy, whether we find her in a remote forest or in a conquered city, whether she is our co-religionist or belongs to some other religion or has no religion at all. 3. The Individual's Right To Freedom 3. Fundamental Rights Although an Islamic state may be set up anywhere on earth, Islam does not seek to restrict human rights or privileges to the boundaries of such a state. Islam has laid down universal fundamental rights for humanity which are to be observed and respected in all circumstances. 4. Executive And Legislature The responsibility for the administration of the government in an Islamic state is entrusted to an amir (leader) who may be Economical 1.it can refer to the creation of an Islamic economic system, or to simply following Islamic law in regards to spending, saving, investing, giving, etc. where the state does not follow Islamic law. 2. A major role for the state in matters such as circulation and equitable distribution of wealth and ensuring participants in the marketplace are rewarded for being exposed to risk and/or liability. 3. the payment of zakat charity by believers, borrowing and lending without payment of fixed interest (riba), and socially responsible investing 4. The number of Islamic retail banks and investment funds number in their hundreds and many Western financial institutions offer products that comply with Sharia law, Islam has categorically forbidden the primitive practice of capturing a free man to make him a slave or to sell him into slavery. compared to the president or the prime minister in a Western democratic state. western 1. Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms entitled to any person, regardless of economic status, nationality, jurisdiction, age, ability, ethnicity, sex, and sexuality. These basic rights are the right to life, freedom, equality, justice, and freedom of thought and expression. 2. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. 3. No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms. 4. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest. 1. Democracy’s achievements include bringing into sharp focus the centrality of what the people think. Their voice remains irrelevant in all despotic and dictatorial regimes, not so in democracy. 2. The name of freedom, democracy and human rights that entire peoples were speaking out. Their determination, their abnegation - sometimes their sacrifices - reflected then, and still reflect, their commitment to do away with alienation and totalitarianism. 3. The human rights that we proclaim and seek to safeguard can be brought about only if we transcend ourselves. 4. Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights. 1. Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. 2. The State must take measures within its resources to promote this goal. 3. Property is an inviolable and sacred right. 4. minorities 1. Minority rights cover protection of existence, protection from discrimination and persecution, protection and promotion of identity, and participation in political life. 2. Rights may be considered to be either of a purely moral or ethical character 3. the idea of natural rights, which holds that we obtain certain rights from nature that cannot be legitimately modified by any legislative authority 4. they may be considered to be of an artificial, man-made character, as in the idea of legal rights, which are arbitrary human constructs 1. the right to participate in decisions which affect them on the national and regional levels 2. the right to establish and maintain their own associations 3. the right to establish and maintain peaceful contacts with other members of their group and with persons belonging to other minorities, both within their own country and across state borders 4. the freedom to exercise their rights, individually as well as in community with other members of their group, without discrimination 1. to allow their participation in economic progress and development 2. to consider legitimate interests of minorities in developing national policies and programmes, as well as in planning and implementing programmes of cooperation and assistance 3. 4.
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