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Mental Health --ppt

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					Mental Health is the balance between all aspects of life - social, physical, spiritual and emotional. It impacts on how we manage our surroundings and make choices in our lives. Clearly it is an integral part of our overall health.

 Mental Health is far more than the absence of mental

illness and has to do with many aspects of our lives including:
 • How we feel about ourselves

• How we feel about others • How we are able to meet the demands of life

Maintaining Mental Health involves:
 Attention to lifestyle  Social contact  Reviewing our lives from time to time  Awareness of how mind and body interact  Having people in our lives we trust  Awareness of what can go wrong  Taking steps to resolve problems

A mental disorder or mental illness is a psychological or behavioral pattern that occurs in an individual and is thought to cause distress or disability that is not expected as part of normal development or culture.

Some people are unable to restrict their use of mind and body altering substances to culturally prescribed limits; this eventually leads to addiction.

Addiction

Anxiety Disorders
An anxiety disorder may make you feel anxious most of the time, without any apparent reason. Or the anxious feelings may be so uncomfortable that to avoid them you may stop some everyday activities. Or you may have occasional bouts of anxiety so intense they terrify and immobilize you.

Anxiety Disorders
 the most common of all the mental health disorders  Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder,

Agoraphobia, Social Phobia, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Specific Phobia, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Bipolar Disorder
 also known as Manic-Depression, or sometimes

Bipolar Affective Disorder
 extreme and abnormal mood swings that stick around

for prolonged periods
 a category of serious mood disorder that causes people

to swing between extreme, severe and typically sustained mood states which deeply affect their energy levels, attitudes, behavior and general ability to function

ADHD

ADHD
 Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder  3-7% of school-aged children  Characterized by distractibility, hyperactivity, poor

impulse control, and forgetfulness  behavior that is restless, agitated, and difficult to resist  appear as if they NEED to move  Experts consider ADHD to be a chronic condition that has no cure

Cognitive Disorders

Cognitive Disorders
 Damage to any part of the brain can cause a cognitive

disorder  Disrupts thinking skills
 Alzheimer’s disease - the most common form of

dementia

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia
 a brain disease that interferes with normal brain

functioning  odd and often highly irrational or disorganized behavior  alters thinking, feeling, understanding and consciousness  Psychosis – real vs. imagined  hallucinations and delusions

Depression

 Mood disorder  negative feelings linger,

intensify, and often become debilitating  a complex illness, creating physical, psychological, and social symptoms

D
E A T I N G

I S O R D E R S

Eating Disorders
 Anorexia Nervosa

low self-esteem  abnormally sensitive about being perceived as fat, or have a massive fear of becoming fat
 "...starvation fills a void inside when it's approval from you I

crave. The desire for food is gone and you are there again... yelling... so negative. Times like this filled with the pounding urge to run far away and disappear..."

Eating Disorders
 Bulimia Nervosa

binge and purge episodes  laxatives or self-induced vomiting  they feel overwhelmed in coping with their emotions
 Compulsive Overeating  "addiction" to food  using food and eating as a way to hide from their

emotions, to fill a void they feel inside, and to cope with daily stresses and problems in their lives

Mental Health Programs

Goals
 Promotion of mental health  Decrease health-related effects of stressful lifestyle

 Deduction of prevalence of mental ill health and

disorders in he Philippines

National Objectives
 Health status  Reduce by 1% the prevalence of mental health problems:
  

Major depressive disorders Schizophrenia Alcohol and drug abuse



Reduce by 5% the members of the workforce who have experienced adverse life experiences as consequences of stress in the workplace

Risk Reduction


Increase the proportion of high-risk population who seek help for personal and emotional problems. Increase the proportion of members of the workforce who avail of stress management services. Increase the proportion of children who avail of psychological stimulation and assessment for mental health





Services and Programs
 Establish new and upgrade existing mental health    

facilities. Upgrade existing competencies on mental health for mental health professionals and health care providers. Increase the percentage of health facilities, workplace and communities that provide mental health services. Develop self-help and family care programs Increase he capability of health facilities for psychosocial assessment and screening of mental disorders.


				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: This powerpoint presentation defines mental health, health maintenance, mental disorder, addiction, anxiety disorders, bipolar, disorder, ADHD, cognitive disorders, schizophrenia, depression, eating disorders, menta health programs and services, national objectives, and risk reduction.