Mental Health is the balance between all aspects of life - social, physical, spiritual and emotional. It impacts on how we manage our surroundings and make choices in our lives. Clearly it is an integral part of our overall health.
Mental Health is far more than the absence of mental
illness and has to do with many aspects of our lives including:
• How we feel about ourselves
• How we feel about others • How we are able to meet the demands of life
Maintaining Mental Health involves:
Attention to lifestyle Social contact Reviewing our lives from time to time Awareness of how mind and body interact Having people in our lives we trust Awareness of what can go wrong Taking steps to resolve problems
A mental disorder or mental illness is a psychological or behavioral pattern that occurs in an individual and is thought to cause distress or disability that is not expected as part of normal development or culture.
Some people are unable to restrict their use of mind and body altering substances to culturally prescribed limits; this eventually leads to addiction.
An anxiety disorder may make you feel anxious most of the time, without any apparent reason. Or the anxious feelings may be so uncomfortable that to avoid them you may stop some everyday activities. Or you may have occasional bouts of anxiety so intense they terrify and immobilize you.
the most common of all the mental health disorders Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder,
Agoraphobia, Social Phobia, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Specific Phobia, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
also known as Manic-Depression, or sometimes
Bipolar Affective Disorder
extreme and abnormal mood swings that stick around
for prolonged periods
a category of serious mood disorder that causes people
to swing between extreme, severe and typically sustained mood states which deeply affect their energy levels, attitudes, behavior and general ability to function
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder 3-7% of school-aged children Characterized by distractibility, hyperactivity, poor
impulse control, and forgetfulness behavior that is restless, agitated, and difficult to resist appear as if they NEED to move Experts consider ADHD to be a chronic condition that has no cure
Damage to any part of the brain can cause a cognitive
disorder Disrupts thinking skills
Alzheimer’s disease - the most common form of
a brain disease that interferes with normal brain
functioning odd and often highly irrational or disorganized behavior alters thinking, feeling, understanding and consciousness Psychosis – real vs. imagined hallucinations and delusions
Mood disorder negative feelings linger,
intensify, and often become debilitating a complex illness, creating physical, psychological, and social symptoms
E A T I N G
I S O R D E R S
low self-esteem abnormally sensitive about being perceived as fat, or have a massive fear of becoming fat
"...starvation fills a void inside when it's approval from you I
crave. The desire for food is gone and you are there again... yelling... so negative. Times like this filled with the pounding urge to run far away and disappear..."
binge and purge episodes laxatives or self-induced vomiting they feel overwhelmed in coping with their emotions
Compulsive Overeating "addiction" to food using food and eating as a way to hide from their
emotions, to fill a void they feel inside, and to cope with daily stresses and problems in their lives
Mental Health Programs
Promotion of mental health Decrease health-related effects of stressful lifestyle
Deduction of prevalence of mental ill health and
disorders in he Philippines
Health status Reduce by 1% the prevalence of mental health problems:
Major depressive disorders Schizophrenia Alcohol and drug abuse
Reduce by 5% the members of the workforce who have experienced adverse life experiences as consequences of stress in the workplace
Increase the proportion of high-risk population who seek help for personal and emotional problems. Increase the proportion of members of the workforce who avail of stress management services. Increase the proportion of children who avail of psychological stimulation and assessment for mental health
Services and Programs
Establish new and upgrade existing mental health
facilities. Upgrade existing competencies on mental health for mental health professionals and health care providers. Increase the percentage of health facilities, workplace and communities that provide mental health services. Develop self-help and family care programs Increase he capability of health facilities for psychosocial assessment and screening of mental disorders.