Naval Warfare Doctrine Air Warfare by variablepitch345

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									Naval Warfare Doctrine: Air Warfare

Agenda
Illustrate the role of Naval Aircraft in the following components of naval warfare
– – – – – – – – – Strike Warfare Air Warfare/Antimissile Defense Surface Warfare Undersea Warfare Command and Control Electronic Warfare and Intelligence Mine Warfare Mobile Logistic Support Special Warfare

Air Warfare


Actions required to destroy or reduce the enemy air and missile threat to an acceptable level
– Offensive Measures – Defensive Measures

Offensive Measures


Air Warfare: – Strikes against enemy shipping, air bases, missile sites

Defensive Measures




Protect or Defend against offensive threat Defense - in - Depth
– Surveillance Area – Destruction Area – Vital Area

Defense in Depth


Surveillance Area
– HVU to max detection range – Depends on aircraft, ship sensors – Aegis SPY radar vs E-2C – Always changing

E-2C USS Ticonderoga USS Nimitz

Defense in Depth


USS Ticonderoga USS Nimitz

Classification, Identification, and Engagement Area (CIEA)
– AW weapons can be employed – Depends on assets weapon capabilities – FEZ, MEZ, CEZ, JEZ

CEZ MEZ FEZ

Defense In Depth


Vital Area
– HVU to max Weapons Release Range of Enemy – Changes depending on threat – Determines AW doctrine

If a hostile aircraft enters the Vital Area it could fire a weapon at the High Value Unit.

USS Nimitz

CIEA
 Classification

– “It’s an aircraft”  Identification – “It’s a hostile jet”  Engagement – “Shoot it”  Area

Classification

Identification Engagement

HVU’s

C & I - Surveillance and Detection


Airborne Early Warning Aircraft E2C Hawkeye
– Long Range Air Search Radar – Link 11/Link 16 – ES – 4 Hour on-station time – Air control capability

C & I - Surveillance and Detection

Shipboard Sensors
– Long Range Air Search Radars  SPY1 (A, B, D)  SPS-48 (3D)  SPS-49 (2D) – ES/EA  SLQ-32 – I&W  SSES  OUTBOARD – DATA LINK  Link 11  Link 16 (CVN, CG, DDG)

C & I - Surveillance and Detection


RADCAP
– F-18 RADAR Picket

Classification

Identification Engagement

HVU’s

E

I

C

CIEA Area - Engagement


Fighter Engagement Zone (FEZ)
– Engage enemy with organic aircraft – Defensive Counter Air (DCA) - CAP


F/A-18

– Ships must have comms with A/C before engaging


“Scram/Bittersweet”

CIEA Area - Engagement


Missile Engagement Zone (MEZ)
– Engage with Surface to Air Missiles


CG, DDG
– SM2 ER



CVN
– Sea Sparrow

– Fighters should not enter MEZ


“Bittersweet”

Close-in Engagement Area


CIEA
– Engage enemy with Guns, CIWS, Sea Sparrow – Super RBOC – BRACE FOR IMPACT!

More on CIEA


Joint Engagement Zone
– Overlap of FEZ, MEZ, CEZ – AWC must determine best Weapon  F/A-18 vs SM2 ER from CG?  Vector Geometry  Range  Must have positive control of A/C

FEZ - Fighter

JEZ - Joint MEZ - Missile CEZ Close

FEZ

JEZ MEZ

CEZ

SURVEILLANCE AREA

PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER
Maximum Sensor Range

DEFENSE IN DEPTH

CIEA (FEZ) AREA (FEZ) CIEA (JEZ)
VITAL AREA

DESTRUCTION
Threat

CIEA (MEZ) AREA (MEZ)
DESTRUCTION

DESTRUCTION

Enemy Weapons Range Fighter Range

CIEA (CEZ) AREA (CEZ)

Missile Range Close-in Weapons Range

High Value Unit

DETECT TO ENGAGE
1. Detection – ES – Airborne Radar – Shipboard Radar 2. Entry - Enter into NTDS/CDS 3. Track - Determine and Predict Position

DETECT TO ENGAGE
4. Identification
– – – – – – – – – – – – Correlation Other Sensors/ships VID IFF Flight Profile ES I&W NCTR Does the Air Contact Pose a threat? Hostile Intent? ROE Warning/Weapons Status Threat Priority

5. Threat Evaluation

DETECT TO ENGAGE
6. Weapons Pairing - Optimum weapon for threat 7. Engagement - Employ weapons 8. Engagement Assessment
– DCA if available – SOFT KILL - EA


SLQ 32 SM2/SM1/Sea Sparrow

– SAM


– GUNS/CIWS/CHAFF

“Shoot the Archer not the Arrow”

CHALLENGES
 

Fast Pace
– Mach 4 missiles!

Working in a Littoral environment
– Radar close to land – Close proximity to enemy Air bases



Low flyers
– Radar doesn’t curve around the Earth!

Assets of Air-to-Air Warfare
  



F-18 AEW Role of E-2C Sidewinder, Sparrow, AMRAAM, Phoenix Missiles CAP, Air Superiority

F 18 Hornet

Super Hornet

Specs


   

Long Range, All Weather, Multi Mission Strike Fighter E= Single Seat F=Double 1800 nm range Mach 1.5+

Weapons


One 20mm MK-61A1 Vulcan cannon, AIM9 SidewinderAIM-7 Sparrow, AIM-120 AMRAAM, Harpoon, HARM, Strike, SLAM, SLAM-ER, Walleye, Maverick missiles, Joint Stand-Off Weapon (JSOW), Joint Direct Attack/Munition (JDAM), and various general purpose bombs, mines, and rockets

AMRAAM




AIM-120 advanced medium-range airto-air missile Range: 20+ Miles

SIDEWINDER


10 to 18 miles

SPARROW


5 Miles

Undersea Warfare






SH-60 LAMPS Helo, P3C, S-3B Dipping Sonar, Sonobuoys Mk46 Torpedoes

SH-60 Seahawk (B/F/R/S)

SH-60 Seahawk
 



SH-60F operates primarily off of aircraft carriers, providing close-in anti-submarine protection of the carrier battle group, and search and rescue (SAR) support during carrier flight operations HH-60H is designed specifically as a Combat Search and Rescue (CSAR) and Naval Special Warfare platform.

SH-60B LAMPS MK III Seahawk

FLIGHT DECK EQUIPMENT AND PERSONNEL

P-3
  

11 person Crew 10-13 Hour Flight Time Armament

– Bomb Bay: 8 MK 46/50 Torpedoes 8 MK 54 Depth Bombs 3 MK 36/52 1000 lb mines 3 MK 57 Depth Bombs 2 MK 101 Depth Bombs 1 MK 25/39/55/66 2000 lb mine - Under Wing Pylons: 2 Harpoon (AGM-84) 2 Maverick (AGM 65) 2 MK 46/50 Torpedoes 2 2000 lb mines

Strike Warfare
 




 

F/A-18s LGBs HARM (high-speed anti-radiation missile) Harpoon/SLAM [Stand-Off Land Attack Missile] JSOW JSAM

JSOW


Joint Standoff Weapon

JDAM


Joint Direct Attack Munition

HARM
 



High-speed Anti-Radiation Missile Seek and destroy enemy radarequipped air defense systems 30 plus miles

Surface Warfare
Aircraft  F/A-18  P-3  SH-60 Weapons  Maverick  Harpoon  Hellfire  Penguin

Electronic Warfare




Jamming, Listening in, Intel gathering EA-6B, EA-18G, EP-3E, E-6A, E-2C

EA-6B Prowler

EA-18G Growler

E-2C Hawkeye

• E-2C+: maximum speed 350 knots; range 1,500 nautical miles •Ocean, Radar, and Surveillance Systems AN/APS-145 •AN/ALR-73 Passive Detection System

E2C “Hawkeye”
 







Airborne early warning command and control aircraft (AEW&C). All-weather, real-time intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance aircraft High-wing, all-weather, carrier-based airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) aircraft that patrols task force defense perimeters Provides early warning of approaching enemy aircraft and vectors interceptors into attack position AN/APS-145 radar system, IFF System, L-304 Enhanced High Speed Processor, tactical displays (EMDUs/MFCDUs), Joint Tactical Information Distribution System (JTIDS), and navigation and AFCS upgrades In addition to its primary AEW function, can also provide strike and traffic control, area surveillance, search and rescue guidance, navigational assistance, communications relay, and drug interdiction

Carrier Air Wing (CVW)

CVW Make Up


Four Navy Strike Fighter Squadrons (VFA) of F/A-18 Hornets (48) One Electronic Attack Squadron (VAQ) of EA-6B Prowlers (4) One Sea Control Squadron (VS) of S-3B Vikings (8) One Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron (VAW) of E-2C Hawkeyes (4) A detachment from a Fleet Logistics Support Squadron (VRC) of C-2 Greyhounds One Helicopter Antisubmarine Squadron (HS) of SH-60F & HH60H Seahawks. (4 & 2)

  





* Total of 70 Aircraft

Amphibious Warfare


   

Airborne Insertion: VERTOL aircraft V-22 CH-53 SH-60S Spec Ops

Logistics

Ugly planes, important job

Mine Clearance

MH 53 Sea Dragon
   


  

16 Ton 50 nm 10 Tons 500 nm 55 troops Mine sweep gear Largest Helo in the Western World Max Gross Weight 69,750 700nm or 6.6 hours at 150 knots Phasing Out to be replaced by SH 60S and R variant

Joint Strike Fighter

Specs



  



50 K Max Take Off 35 feet long with a 30 foot wingspan Supersonic with 600 nm combat radius Deploy 2008 Navy to purchase 300 at $38 million each Twice range of F 18C on internal fuel

Deployment SKEDS (CVW vs Other)

Questions?


								
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