Bio-Organic Fertilizer Technology by Atty. Roberto Salido by variablepitch344

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BIO-ORGANIC FERTILIZER TECHNOLOGY
The key for Maximum Productivity and Sustainable Agriculture
by: Atty Roberto Solidum Salido

3 BASIC QUESTIONS TO BE
ANSWERED •What is the special character of a plant? •What is a real fertile soil? •What is the paramount role of microorganisms in fertilization?

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What is the special character of plants?
Plants are specialized chemists in their own right. Out of the various elements in the soil and from the air, they can make different formulations to produce distinct and specific fruits, flowers, and grains as well as different colors and shapes of leaves. This is made possible with the assistance of the different species of beneficial microorganisms and with the sun providing the energy in the manufacturing process known as the photosynthesis. - Roberto S. Salido

PLANTS
NEED NOT ONLY THREE ELEMENTS BUT RATHER MORE THAN

MINIMUM ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTS NEEDED BY ALL PLANTS
• Macronutrients
– Major Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen – Secondary Calcium, Magnesium, Sulfur

___ ELEMENTS

• Micronutrients
– Boron , Chlorine , Copper , Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Selenium, Zinc, etc.

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AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS
PRODUCTION PER HEC.
• RICE
– Irrigated – Rainfed 3.5 tons 1.9 tons

WHAT IS A FERTILE SOIL?

FIVE COMPONENTS OF AN ECOLOGICALLY BALANCED SOIL
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Enough Water Air Mineral (solid and dissolved) Organic Matter Beneficial organisms in the soil (e.g. microorganisms, earthworms, etc.)

– National Average • Corn – National Average • Sugarcane

2.4 tons 2.0 tons

“A real fertile soil is one that is an ecologically balanced soil.”
-J.A. Rodale

– National Average 64.09 TC/HA 117.64 LKG/HA

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FIVE COMPONENTS OF AN ECOLOGICALLY BALANCED SOIL
#1. WATER Serve as a vehicle by which nutrients in the soil can be absorbed by the root system of the plants and transport it to the leaves where it can processed into food

FIVE COMPONENTS OF AN ECOLOGICALLY BALANCED SOIL
#2. AIR Nitrogen
•Is the growth elements of the plant •Comprises ____% of the atmosphere •Needs to be converted to nitrate form (NO3) thru nitrogen fixation

FIVE COMPONENTS OF AN ECOLOGICALLY BALANCED SOIL
#3. MINERALS
Solid Minerals
Provide Anchorage for the plants to grow firm strong and straight

Dissolved Minerals
Could be the source of various elements that plants can utilize as raw materials for their food

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FIVE COMPONENTS OF AN ECOLOGICALLY BALANCED SOIL
#4. ORGANIC MATTER
A soil rich in organic matter will always remain soft porous and permeable. Thereby, maximizing its aeration and water holding capacity A humus rich soil is the best habitat for the biological life to thrive in the soil

FIVE COMPONENTS OF AN ECOLOGICALLY BALANCED SOIL
#5. BENEFICIAL ORGANISMS
A fertile soil is not a dead soil. It is vibrant with life and these different species of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi actinomycetes and earthworms play a very vital role in the fixation of nitrogen in the soil and the conversion various elements and minerals into available food to the plants.

TWO NATURAL PROCESS OF NITROGEN FIXATION
1. Electrolysis
- by lightning

Process

2.

Microbial Action

- by nitrogen fixing bacteria

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TWO GROUPS OF NITROGEN FIXING BACTERIA
1. Symbiotic Species
• Rhizobia
- found in nodules of leguminous plants

OTHER SPECIES OF BENEFICIAL BACTERIA
•Phosphatic Solubilizing Bacteria
–Has a capability thru their enzymes to convert some elements to available phosphorous, potash and many other.

MINERALS/ELEMENTS
(RAW MATERIALS)

2. Non-symbiotic Species • A zotobacter • B ejerinkia • C lostridia

ORGANIC ACID Humic & Fulvic
(from organic matter)

PHOSPHATIC SOLUBILIZING BACTERIA

AVAILABLE PLANT FOOD

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EARTHWORMS
Is the Mother Nature’s plow, a chemist , a manufacturer , and distributor of food nutrients for the plants.

DIFFERENT GRADES OF CHEMICAL FERTILIZER
• 14-14-14 • 46-0-0 • 21-0-0 • 16-20-0 • 0-0-60 • 25-0-0 Complete Fertilizer Urea Ammonium Sulfate Ammonium Phosphate Muriate of Potash Ammonium Chloride

If 42% comprises the NPK content of a bag of 14-14- 14 fertilizer, what then is the other 58% ?

Q:

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A: 58% are composed of the
following:
•Fillers or carriers
–Sand –Gypsum

IS CHEMICAL FERTILIZATION A TRUE FERTILIZATION?
“Chemical fertilization is not true fertilization but rather gradual soil destruction because it adversely affect the physical structure , chemical properties, and biological life of the soil, thereby disturbing the ecological balance.”
- J.L. Rodale (American Scientist)

GENERAL CLASSIFICATION OF ORGANIC FERTILIZER
1. Plain Compost or Manure 2. Processed Formulated and/or Fortified Organic Fertilizer.

•Acids

N

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FIVE ESSENTIAL COMPONENTS OF A POTENT ORGANIC FERTILIZER
1. All the essential nutrients 2. Humus 3. Cosmopolitan population of beneficial bacteria 4. Agricultural Lime 5. Plant hormones (giberellin, cytokenin, kinetin, and auxin )

Q: Do all organic fertilizers
produce the same results?
the statistical data presented by Dr. Dario C. Sabularse during the Conference Workshop on the

FORTIFIED ORGANIC FERTILIZERS
Brand Sagana 100 Bioorganic Fertilizer Lakas Ani Sanders Organic Farmers Products Bodega Organic VMC Enriched Max. Yield tons/ha.

A: The following tabulation showing
last November 19- 21, 1997 at PhilRice , Nueva Ecija provides the basis for the answer.

>10
5.9 5.2 4.7 3.8 3.0

“Use of Organic Fertilizers for Irrigated Lowland Rice”

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TEN TONNER RICE FARMERS WHO APPLIED SAGANA 100
FARMER Pepito Millares, Pangasinan Teofilo Bascos, Pangasinan Benjamin Camat, La Union Eugene Mejia, Pangasinan David Gacosona, Ilocos Sur
YIELD/HECTARE 50K/CAVAN

Pepito Millares of Villasis, Pangasinan harvested 319 cavans of rice in 1 ha.

319 300 266 250 248

Mr. Ben Laurente a farmcaster of DZMM stands on his ricefield fertilized with Sagana 100 and Sagana 2000. No chemical fertilizers and pesticides were applied

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Patrocinio Butlay , of Bukidnon , produced 10.8 tons of corn per ha.

Roses blooms profusely at the garden of Zeny Panelo in Oriental Mindoro

Mangoes of Marcelo Escarro of Camarines Sur bear fruits off -season.

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Comparative Effects of SAGANA 100 and Commercial Fertilizers on the Yields of Phil 6607

Noel Rabulan's Papaya are laden with fruits in Victoria, Oriental Mindoro

2.5

110 108

225 220 215

Sugar planters in Negros Occidental obtained over 200 piculs per hectare.

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PS/TC

TC/HA

1.5 1 0.5 0

PS/HA

106 104 102 100 98

210 205 200 195 190

COMMERCIAL

SAGANA 100

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YIELD PERFORMANCE OF PHIL 6607 FERTILIZED WITH SAGANA 100
Tons of PS/TC TC/Ha PS/Ha Sagana 100 No Urea With Urea No Urea With Urea No Urea With Urea

FIVE BASIC REQUIREMENTS FOR MAXIMUM PRODUCTIVITY
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. A thorough land preparation Proper seed selection Correct water management Effective Pest and weed control Adequate and proper method of fertilization

Outstanding Inventor of the Year Award from Sec. Follosco of DOST

0 1 2 3
Average

1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8

1.94 2.01 1.84 1.86

103 112 113 108

109 121 118 121

194 208 212 186

211 244 216 226

1.9 108 117 200 224

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from

Gold Medal Award Recipient World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

Genius Golden Cup Award Recipient from Assoc. of Inventors of Hungary

Roberto Salido presents to QUEDANCOR President and DA Secretary his organic Fertilizer Products

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Roberto Salido presents to Pres. Arroyo his concept paper Sakahang Bayanihan

Proper Use of SAGANA 100
• Apply directly to the soil without direct contact to any part of the plant • Cover with soil • Water immediately • If possible dig deep enough so the roots of the weeds cannot reach the fertilizer

General Recommended Dosage for Vegetables
• When properly used there is no overdose. • For band method apply 1-2 tbsp. for leafy vegetables. 3-5 tbsp. for tubers and fruit bearing vegetables.

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CONCLUSION “To attain sustained maximum productivity and soil fertility, Bio-Organic Fertilizer Technology is the most effective strategy that has to be learned and practiced by all farmers.”

“I planted, Apollos watered, but GOD caused the growth.”
– 1 Cor. 3:6

Roberto Salido presents to Speaker de Venecia and Cong. Liban of Quezon City the farmers who harvested 200 cavans / has.

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