Globalization, Marginalization, Infrastructures

Document Sample
Globalization, Marginalization, Infrastructures Powered By Docstoc
					Globalization, Marginalization, Infrastructures

Key Concepts
• • • • • Context Globalization Marginalization Determinism Information Infrastructures

Globalization
• At the heart of contemporary debates • Some relevant themes:
– – – – – global and local space and place presence and absence inclusion and exclusion Related notions: information society, network society etc

Information Society
• Central to the globalization debate • The “third wave”, global village • Service, leisure, knowledge, paper-less society • How revolutionary is the notion? • Not a “value-free” concept

Varying Perspectives on Globalization
• The radicals versus the skeptics • “The position of developing countries within the global economy is going to get worse” (the skeptic view) • Instant global telecomm and computer networks will overthrow ancient tyrannies of time and space

A view on globalization
• The intensification of the world-wide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice-versa (Giddens 1991)

Some Features of Globalization
• • • • A process of mutual linkages Transcends national boundaries Connects communities across time & space Flows - economic, social, political, cultural, military, technological, people, identity • Goes hand in handwith marginalization • Central role of IT

Marginalization
• Deals with exclusion, absence, differentiation, fragmentation, dropping out • Economic, social, political or cultural exclusion • Homogenization versus diversity • Technology access both a cause and effect of marginalization

Infrastructures
• Relevant themes/concepts –
– – – – – Scope Standards Processes of development Scaling Integration

Determinism
• • • • • • Relation between II and society Technological determinism Social determinism “Hard” and “soft” determinism Symptomatic technology Continuist, transformationist and structuralist

Key Questions
• Interaction between processes of globalization, marginalization and II • Role of trust, risk, power, control, communication, learning etc in shaping these interactions • How infrastructures redefines these different notions • How globalization, marginalization - both shape, and are shaped by Infrastructures

IS Related Research Domains
• • • • • • • • Systems development Managing knowledge Managing standards Managing people/teams Managing communication Managing cross culture/language Managing participation Etc…

Key Theorists of Globalization
• Giddens • Castells • Beck

Giddens: ”Runaway World”
• Key ideas:
– – – – – Time-space separation Disembedding mechanisms Institutional Reflexivity Existential anxiety Unintended effects

Castells – Network Society
• Key themes
– – – – – – – The power of information/technology A new form of informational capitalism The logic of networks: what is new? The dialectics of net and self Globalization and marginalization Power of flows Power of identity

Beck – Risk Society
• Relation of people-social structures: who defines risk? • Constructed nature of risks - “stork does not bring consequences, they are made” • Themes
– Redistribution of risk – Destandardization of labour – Individualization versus standardization

Common Themes
• All discuss contemporary life - related to globalization and modernity • Contemporary life not a break from the past • But aspects of life today are unique • Central role of IT/II • Emphasize various dialectical relationships • Skeptics and radicals

Some Common Themes
• • • • • • Globalization not “out-there” Globalization “in-here” Mutuality of effects, reverse effects Globalization is locally situated Notion of hybrids “Models of” - “Models-for

Some Dialectical Relationships
• • • • • • • Globalization and marginalization Inclusion and Exclusion Space and Place Presence and absence Individualization and Standardization Development versus production logic Wealth and risk