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Globalization and educational change by variablepitch339


									Globalization and educational change
Pasi Sahlberg University of Oulu February, 2008

How globalization affects education reforms?

How globalization affects education reforms?
1. What are the common features in ongoing education reforms around the world?

2. What schools should do to respond effectively to futuremaking?

Globalization and education reforms
– Focus on generic competencies and universal knowledge (mathematics/science/literacy) – Harmonization of structures and qualifications – New educational opportunities (mobility) – Increased interaction and competition – Educational policy borrowing and lending due to emerged global education reform movement

Global education reform movement
Reform policy
Deeper learning

Shifting focus from rote learning to understanding and skills Attainment of basic skills in reading, writing and math are prime targets Standards are used to describe what all students should know and be able to do Centrally mandated curriculum ensures common and consistent coverage what every school should teach Indicators and benchmarks are related to school performance and student achievement that enable authorities to be clear whether set standards have been reached or not Assessments are directly linked to standards and are often used to determine the quality of schools School performance and teaching are closely tied to the process of inspection, promotion and in financing

Impact on teaching
Various teaching and learning methods are necessary in improving quality of learning More time is allocated to mastery and understanding of basics Expectations have to be communicated to students and made understandable Planning of teaching is done externally to the school and rely on specific materials Teaching focuses on set goals that are unified for all schools and students

Literacy and numeracy

Higher expectations

Prescribed curriculum

Indicators and benchmarks

Aligned assessments

Teaching tends to emphasize knowledge and skills needed to pass the test and exams Reduced creativity and risk-taking due to threat of failure in tests

Consequential accountability

Adopted from Hargreaves, A. et al, 2001. Learning to Change. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

Paradox of educational change

Paradox of educational change
It ain’t what you don’t know that gets you into trouble.

It is what you know for sure that just ain’t so.
- Mark Twain

Globalization and educational change
Education policies and reform principles
Global education reform trends Alternative policies

Focus on literacy and numeracy Externally prescribed clear standards Borrowing and lending pedagogical innovations

Broader and deeper learning and creativity Flexibility with loose standards Pedagogical conservation in innovative learning environments

Consequential accountability

Intelligent accountability

What to focus on?
• Rethink the purpose of school
• Humanity: Cultivate the habits of mind

• Community: Expand interpersonal skills
• Responsibility: Enhance will and skills to learn and lead the change

Fear-free school
Productive learning can only be created and maintained in places that are close to fear-free. Negative anxiety and fear downshift the mind, kill creativity and prevent risk-taking. This applies to both teachers and students.

Think about climate change

Plant a tree!

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