Adverbs that modify adjectives only by variablepitch339

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									OntoSem Lexicon: Advs.154

Adverbs
Adverbs can modify different things: adjectives, adverbs, verbs or whole clauses. Depending on what they modify, their syn-strucs can take various forms. Some adverbs belong to the 'too' or the 'very' group. The 'too' (too, overly, insufficiently, etc.) group represents someone’s judgment, and its semantics is rendered based on the facet relative-to-norm. The 'very' group (very, extremely, hardly, etc.) represents a more factual point on a scale, and its semantics is rendered by augmenting the value of a scalar in a given direction. There is, of course, overlap between these, but more emphasis on subjective or objective is the key. In each of the subsections below, the syn-struc template is given first, followed by one or more examples (the lack of examples for some is simply due to the difficulty in searching the lexicon effectively for complex patterns).

Adverbs that modify adjectives only
(syn-struc ((mods ((root $var0) (cat adv))) (root $var1) (cat adj))))

Adverbs that modify adverbs only
(syn-struc ((mods ((root $var0) (cat adv))) (root $var1) (cat adv))))

Adverbs that modify adjectives or adverbs
(syn-struc ((mods ((root $var0) (cat adv))) (root $var1) (cat (or (adj adv)))))

(immoderately (immoderately-adv1 (CAT adv) (MORPH ) (ANNO (DEF "excessively, more than expected, desired, etc.") (EX "immoderately strict") (COMMENTS ""))

OntoSem Lexicon: Advs.155
(syn-struc ((mods ((root $var0) (cat adv))) (root $var1) (cat (or (adj adv))))) (SEM-STRUC (^$var1 (relative-to-norm (> .8)))) ) ) (extremely (extremely-adv1 (CAT adv) (MORPH ) (ANNO (DEF "on the very high end of the given scale") (EX "they have an extremely big house") (COMMENTS "")) (syn-struc ((mods ((root $var0) (cat adv))) (root $var1) (cat (or (adj adv))))) (meaning-procedure (delimit-scale (value ^$var1) extreme .3)) ) )

Adverbs that modify verbs
We describe the possible syntactic placements of verb-modifying adverbs using the following inventory of types pre-verb post-verb-clause pre-post-clause pre-verb-pre-post-clause clause pre-post-verb-clause pre-verb-post-clause the adverb must directly precede the verb the adverb may follow the verb or the clause the adverb may precede or follow the clause the adverb may precede the verb or precede or follow the the adverb may precede or follow the verb or clause the adverb may precede the verb or follow the clause

The syntax of the syn-struc for adverbs is as follows, taking pre-post-verb-cl as an example:
(syn-struc ((root $var1) (cat v) (mods ((root $var0) (cat adv) (type pre-post-verb-cl)))))

OntoSem Lexicon: Advs.156 We plan to incorporate a rule that says that if an adverb is pre-clause or post-clause it may optionally be set off by a comma, as in He comes on Tuesdays, usually.
(yesterday (yesterday-adv1 (cat adv) (morph ) (anno (def "") (ex "Yesterday he admitted (he admitted yesterday that; this all happened yesterday") (comments "") ) (syn-struc ((root $var1) (cat v) (mods ((root $var0) (cat adv) (type pre-verb-post-clause))) )) (sem-struc (^$var1 (time (combine-time (find-anchor-time) (day 1) before))) ) ) )

Sentence adverbs
In some cases (e.g., when punctuation generally sets off an adverb) it is useful to describe sentence adverbs using immediate constituents, as in the following example:
(for-the-present (for-the-present-adv1 (CAT adv) (MORPH ) (ANNO (DEF "now, until some unspecified change in circumstance, etc.") (EX "For the present, everything is ok; Everything is ok for the present.") (COMMENTS "Synonyms at 'now, for the time being, at this time, at present'")) (SYN-STRUC ((adv ((root $var0) (cat adv))) (punct ((root *comma*) (root $var2) (cat punct) (opt +))) (cl ((root $var1) (cat cl))))) (SEM-STRUC (^$var1 (sem EVENT) (time (find-anchor-time))) (^$var2 (null-sem +))) )

OntoSem Lexicon: Advs.157
(for-the-present-adv2 (CAT adv) (MORPH ) (ANNO (DEF "now, until some unspecified change in circumstance, etc.") (EX "Everything is ok for the present") (COMMENTS "There's more semantics to this than just 'now', but let's simplify for now. Synonyms at 'now, for the time being, at this time, at present'")) (SYN-STRUC ((cl ((root $var1) (cat cl))) (adv ((root $var0) (cat adv))))) (SEM-STRUC (^$var1 (sem EVENT) (time (find-anchor-time)))) ) )

Adverbs that modify participles
Adverbs that modify participles might seem like a special case but for us they actually are not. Consider, for example, continually in continually changing rules, Here, the adverb formally modifies an adjective, but that adjective indicates an event. Thus, semantically, the adverb is modifying a verb. Our analyzer handles this eventuality as a special case of verb modification and no special lexical treatment is needed.


								
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