Adjectives, Adverbs, Comparatives and Superlatives by variablepitch336

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									Adjectives, Adverbs, Comparatives and Superlatives

What is an Adjective?
 An Adjective describes a noun (person, place or thing)  Answers the question (What kind of ……..)  Example- What kind of city?

 Answer – A beautiful city.

Other Adjectives:
 People and things: old, small, friendly, rich, cheap

 Nationality: Turkish, American, German, French

 Feelings: Frightened, Excited, Disappointed,


Let’s Practice
 1) My father is a _______ man.  2) My friend is a _______ person.  3) My friend is from Europe. She is ________.

 4) We were all _______ by the news.

What is an adverb?
 We use adverbs to describe how the action is done. If

an adjective is (What kind of), the adverb is (How it d0es something).
 Be careful: These words are both an adjective and an

adverb: Fast and Hard.

How do we make adverbs from adjectives?
 We usually just add –ly to the end of an adjective to

make the adverb. slow-slowly; bad-badly
 If the adverb ends in –y, the adverb ends with –ily.

happy- happily easy- easily
 If the adjective ends with –ble, the adverb ends with –

bly. comfortable- comfortably.
 Some adverbs are irregular: good - well

Let’s Practice
 She did her homework ________.  We solved the problem ________.  You are able to sit ________ in this chair.

 Do she speak English ________?

Comparatives: Adjectives
 Comparative Adjectives that have one syllable usually

take –er or add another letter for t and g. Example: older, longer, nicer, newer, taller, fatter, hotter, bigger
 Long adjectives take more: famous- more famous;

difficult – more difficult; careful – less careful.
 Adjectives ending in –y take the –ier: happy – happier  Irregular Adjectives: good – better; bad - worse

Let’s Practice
 John is _______ than Jane (tall)  Math is _______ than PE. (difficult)  I am _______ than you. (happy)

 Can is ______ than me at basketball. (bad)

Superlatives: Adjectives
 Short Adjectives: warm – the warmest; tall – the

tallest; big – the biggest
 Long Adjectives: famous – the most famous; difficult –

the most difficult; expensive – the least expensive
 Adjective ending with –y: easy – the easiest, happy –

the happiest
 Irregular adjectives: good – the best, bad – the worst

Let’s Practice
 Anna is the ________ person in the class. (young)  Math is the ________ subject in school. (difficult)  I am the _______ person in the world. (happy)

 John is the _______ basketball player in school. (bad)

Comparatives for Adverbs
 We generally use more or less for the comparative:

carefully – more/less carefully; more/less easily
 The comparative of well is better
 The comparative of fast and hard is faster and harder

Let’s Practice
 You do your homework _______ than she does.

 Gold is found _______ than silver. (easily)  She speaks English ________ than me. (well)  You will have to work _______ in the future. (hard)

Superlatives for Adverbs
 We generally use the most or the least for the

superlative: carefully – the most/least carefully; easily the most/least easily
 The superlative of well is the best.  The superlatives of fast and hard are fastest and


Let’s Practice
 She works the _______ in class. (carefully)  Calculus is the ________ understood subject in school.

 Which member of the team played the ______ and

which played the ______? (well, badly)
 Who works the ________ in class? (hard)

Good Luck and Use them Well

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