Pronominal Adjectives - Lesson 56 (pg. 384) by variablepitch336


									Pronominal Adjectives - Lesson 56 (pg. 384)
• A pronominal adjective is an adjective which resembles a pronoun e.g. this, any, another • In Latin, pronominal adjectives are irregular i.e. they do not have endings identical to the 1st/2nd or 3rd declensions • You have already learned the irregular hic, ille, and is • Similarly are the other pronominal adjectives e.g. solus Nom. solus, sola, solum soli, solae, sola Gen. solius solorum, solarum, solorum Dat. soli solis Acc. solum, solam, solum solos, solas, sola Abl. solo, solā, solo solis • To remember all the pronominal adjectives, use the mnemonic device “unus nauta” unus neuter nullus alter ullus uter solus totus alius

Present and Future active Participles – Lesson 57 (pages 388ff)
• • A participial is a verbal adjective i.e. an adjective (modifying a noun) formed from a verb Latin has 4 types of participle: present active, perfect passive, future active and future passive
– present active e.g. running, smelling, sleeping “let sleeping dogs lie” – perfect passive e.g. [having been] seen, loved, burnt “I ate the burnt toast” – future active e.g. about to learn, about to call, about to write “I licked the about to drip ice-cream” – future passive e.g. ought to be known, ought to be heard, ought to be considered “I ignored the ought to be washed dishes”



Last year you learned how to form the perfect passive participle. It is simply the 4th principle part of a verb and declines like a 1st/2nd declension adjective e.g. bonus or magnus The present active participle is formed from the present stem (2 nd principle part minus the –re). For the nominative singular of all three genders, add –ns to this stem e.g. amans, docens, ponens, audiens. To form the genitive singular of all three genders, add –ntis to the present stem. This participle declines like an –i stem of the 3rd declension (see page 500 “present participle”) The future active participle is, like the perfect passive, formed from the 4 th principle part. For the nominative singular, remove the inflection –us and add -urus (masculine), ura (feminine) and –urum (neuter). This declines like a 1st/2nd declension adjective

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