Possessive Adjectives (p. 80)
Possessive Adjectives tell you who owns something or describes a relationship between two people or things. In Spanish, possessive adjectives agree in number with the nouns they describe. In the cases of nuestro(a) and vuestro(a), possessive adjectives must also agree in gender. **Remember, although possessive adjectives come before the nouns they describe, they are still adjectives and follow the same rules as descriptive adjectives—they must agree with the noun in gender and in number. There are both singular and plural possessive adjectives, just like regular adjectives: Es mi libro. It is my book. (singular) Son mis libros. They are my books. (plural)
SINGULAR POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES (describe singular things that people/things possess)
mi Tu your Su his/her/its/your
nuestro (our) nuestra vuestro (y’all’s) vuestra su (his/her/your)
Francisco would say: “Es mi tío.
He is my uncle.
We would talk about Francisco’s uncle like this: “Es el tío de Francisco.” He is Francisco’s uncle. OR “Es su tío.” He is his uncle (his refers to Francisco).
PLURAL POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES (describe plural things that people/things possess)
mis my tus your sus their/all of your
nuestros (our) nuestras vuestros (y’all’s) vuestras sus their/all of your
Francisco would say: “Son mis tíos.
They are my aunt and uncle.
We would talk about Francisco’s aunt and uncle like this: “Son los tíos de Francisco.” They are Francisco’s aunt and uncle. OR “Son sus tíos.” They are his aunt and uncle
The adjectives nuestro(a) and vuestro(a) must also agree in gender with the nouns they describe. Ejemplos: SINGULAR Nuestro abuelo Nuestra abuela PLURAL Nuestros abuelos Nuestras abuelas
*Remember that the possessive adjective refers to the person(s) or thing(s) being possessed, not the possessor.