Latin Relative and Interrogative Pronouns Interrogative Adjectives by variablepitch336


									Latin Relative and Interrogative Pronouns / Interrogative Adjectives
The relative pronoun introduces a relative clause, or a clause which serves an adjectival function, modifying one word from the previous clause (the pronoun’s antecedent) or sentence. eg. A slave, who was running along the road, just avoided the beam. In this sentence, the pronoun who is relative, for it describes or modifies its antecedent, slave. In Latin, the sentence would read: Servus quidem, quī per viam currēbat, vix tignum vītāvit. In this sentence, the word quī is a relative pronoun, in the nominative case, since it is the subject of its clause qui per viam currebat. Relative pronouns can be in other cases also. Tandem advēnērunt ad tabernam quam petēbant. (accusative sing.) Duōs hominēs vīdit quōrum alter tignum ferēbat. (genitive pl.) Oppugnāvit lanium ā quō porcus aufugit. (ablative sing.)

The relative pronoun Singular masc. nom. quī gen. cuius dat. cuī acc. quem abl. quō fem. quae cuius cuī quam quā neut. quod cuius cuī quod quō masc. quī quōrum quibus quōs quibus Plural fem. quae quārum quibus quās quibus neut. quae quōrum quibus quae quibus

The interrogative adjective has the exact same endings as the relative pronoun, and is used in a question. eg. Quī vir ianuam pulsat? The interrogative pronoun Singular masc. fem. quis(?) quae(?) cuius cuius cuī cuī quem quam quō quā Plural fem. quae(?) quārum quibus quās quibus

nom. gen. dat. acc. abl.

neut. quid(?) cuius cuī quid quō

masc. quī(?) quōrum quibus quōs quibus

neut. quae(?) quōrum quibus quae quibus

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