Adjectives in sentenses
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Adjectives in sentences 1. Regular form adjectives i-adj a) Present and positive Kono shatsu wa takai desu. This shirt is expensive. b) Modify a noun Watashiwa takai shatsu wa kaimasen. I do not buy an expensive shirt. na-adj a) Present and positive Ano onna no hito wa kirei desu. That woman is beautiful b) Modify a noun Ano kireina onna no hito wa watashi no gāru furendo desu. That beautiful woman is my girlfriend. 2. Ta-form adjective (past) (positive) i-adj Kinō no bangohan wa oishikatta (desu). Yesterday’s dinner was delicious. na-adj Kinō no tesuto wa taihendatta. ← casual or Kinō no tesuto wa taihen deshita. ← polite Yesterday’s exam was hard. 3. Nai-form adjective (present, past) (negative) i-adj a) present; negative Kono kamera wa takakunai. ← casual or Kono kamera wa takaku arimasen. ← polite This camera is not expensive. b) past; negative Kono kamera wa takakunakatta. ← casual or Kono kamerawa takakunakatta desu. ← polite This camera was not expensive. na-adj a) present; negative Kono shatsu wa kireijanai. or Kono shatsu wa kireija arimasen. This shirt is not clean. b) past; negative Kono shatsu wa kireijanakatta. or Kono shatsu wa kireija arimasen deshita. This shirt was not clean. 4. Te-form i-adj Tarō-san wa omoshirokute yasashikute hansamu desu. Tarō is funny, kind, and handsome. na-adj Hanako-san wa kireide genkide majime desu. Hanako is beautiful, energetic, and serious.