You use capital letters:
At the start of a sentence People`s names, e.g Fred, Sita Countries, e.g Iran, Ireland, Britain Towns, e.g Worthing, Goring Days of the week, Monday Months of the year, July Names of special holidays, e.g Easter, Ramadan All proper nouns
Nouns name – noun is the
NAME of the word class that names things, people, places and feelings.
Verbs show what is happening in
a sentence. Think VD – Verbs Do
Common nouns – very common, Verbs have different lots of them, e.g pen, boy, cat tenses: Proper nouns – these need I jump
capital letters as they are the special name for things, e.g Hove, Brighton Road, Worthing Mosque He jumped They will jump NOTE: some verbs do not seem to be doing anything, but they HELP the main verb. Look at the word will above.
Abstract nouns – name things
you cannot see, e.g love, air
Collective nouns – groups of
things, e.g a flock of sheep
A singular word means one of something: a cat, the dog, one pig. A plural word means MORE than one: cats, dogs, pigs. 1. Usually you just add an `s`. 2. For words that end in a hissing sound, you need to add `es`, e.g dishes, buses, glasses, buzzes, lunches. Listen to the sound. 3. For words that end in a vowel +` y`, you just add `s`. If the word ends in a consonant +` y`, then you take away the ` y` and add `ies` babies, ladies, cities, bunnies
4. For words that end in `f` or `ff`, usually you take away the `f` and add `ves`. You can hear the difference. One loaf Two loaves One calf Two calves Not ALL change though – One chief Two chiefs One roof Two roofs 5. Some words change altogether: one goose two geese one man two men one child two children or not at all one sheep two sheep one fish two fish
Vowels are the letters :
a, e, i, o, u
Consonants are all the other
b,c,d,f,g,h,j,k, l,m,n,p, r,s,t,v,w,x,y,z
Adjectives and Adverbs
Adjectives are the word class
of words that add to / describe a noun, e.g The angry man hit the little boy.
Sometimes we need to write the word for numbers e.g on cheques one fourteen ninety two fifteen hundred three sixteen thousand four seventeen million five eighteen billion six nineteen pounds seven twenty pence eight thirty nine forty ten fifty eleven sixty twelve seventy thirteen eighty
Here are some different ways of saying these signs: + x ÷ > < ◦ % ½ . add, sum, total, plus minus, take-away, subtract times, multiply, lots, product share, divide, split greater than less than degrees percentage fraction decimal point
Adverbs are the word class of
words that add to / describe a verb, e.g The angry man viciously hit the little boy.
Set out your letter correctly;
Your address Your phone no. Their address Date Dear Main body of letter
Yours * Sign Print your name
* Sir / faithfully
Metric (approx.) Imperial 25 g 250g 1 oz 8 oz 1.1 lb 2.2 lb
Metric (approx.) Imperial 1 teaspoon = approx 5 ml 1 ml ½ litre 1 litre 4 ½ litres 0.035 fl oz 1 pint 1.76 pint 1 gallon
500 g 1 kg
37°C ° 100°C °
body 99°F ° boiling 210°F °
Metric (approx.) Imperial 2.54 cm 30.5 cm 91.4 cms 1 metre 1 kilometre 1 inch
Circle area = π r2 Diameter = 2r
Name: ____________ Address:___________ __________________ __________________ Tel:_______________ email: ____________
Area = length x width
1 yard 39.37 in 5/8 mile
Volume = length x width x height
Simply cut out the cards, back to back them and laminate. Tutors and class assistants at college have found them very useful.